Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

[Slideshare]intermediate islam introdctnakjhlaq-lesson#1(15oct2011)

2,366 views

Published on

Published in: Lifestyle, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

[Slideshare]intermediate islam introdctnakjhlaq-lesson#1(15oct2011)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 1 – INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ “ Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON FROM – STORY OF THE ANIMAL IN THE FARM And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED APRIL 2011 A SATIRE (PARABLE) TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  4. 4. <ul><li>The night in the farm, the serenity was disturbed by the barking and howling of the dogs. Many other animals were aroused from their sleep. Irritated by the noise, they began to complain amongst themselves and criticise the dogs. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/2008/10/introduction-to-ilm-al-akhlaq.html Posted also on blog OCTOBER 22, 2008 :
  5. 5. <ul><li>Cow : </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;O, what a racket. These dogs simply are very inconsiderate. Don't they know that we have to be up at dawn to give our milk? A good rest is crucial to our (milk) production. We always try to give more. </li></ul><ul><li>Moo..ore...! Moo..ore...!&quot; </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sheep: </li></ul><ul><li>''They are not only inconsiderate; they also display certain arrogance. They will always display a fierce and threatening nature to everyone. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  7. 7. <ul><li>Sheep: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If the milkman comes, they will bark. In fact, whosoever comes; whether our master's neighbour, the postman, the handyman, the salesman, they will bark. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sheep: </li></ul><ul><li>“ When they are told to hush-up, to keep quite, they will still continue to bark and roll their tongues, baring their fangs threateningly. You noticed how they always intimidate us sheep. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sheep: </li></ul><ul><li>“ They scare the wits out of us with the tone of their language. </li></ul><ul><li>We always try to remind them to tone down their language until our language has been rendered as a perpetual pleading, as though we are constantly saying </li></ul><ul><li>‘ plee..ee..ease..! plee..ee..sase ..! '' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  10. 10. <ul><li>Cockerel: </li></ul><ul><li>''Not only are they arrogant, they are also ostentatious ( riya’ ) and like to show off. When they bark at the master, you see how they wag their tails, as though telling the master, </li></ul><ul><li>'' Look at me! Look at me !‘’ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cockerel: </li></ul><ul><li>“ What?! They think they are the only ones working for our master. They imagine themselves as favourites of the master. Even in answering the nature's call, they must do it at specific places. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  12. 12. <ul><li>Cockerel: </li></ul><ul><li>“ They would sniff the place and meticulously choose the spot. The lamp post, lah! The tyre, lah! The fire hydrant, lah! And just look at how they do it. Must do it with style, with one leg up! </li></ul><ul><li>Acrobatic or what?! Show off !“ </li></ul><ul><li>( While ostensibly he flapped his wings and strut about displaying his crown and seeking others attention to his ‘wise’ remark. ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  13. 13. <ul><li>All these were heard by a young puppy who then ran to the leader of the pack. Panting, the puppy informed the leader of what was said. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of the dog summoned all under him and delivered a short lecture. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  14. 14. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>'' Do not be alarmed, do not get angry, and do not react unnecessarily! What has been said by a non-dog concerning us dogs is only from their misunderstanding of our nature. You see, non-dogs can never understand dogs. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  15. 15. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ But you dogs must understand your own nature and try to live according to your nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Let me respond to their accusation and explain for you all to understand! </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  16. 16. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ We have been created for a job, an important job on this farm i.e. to guard and protect the property of our master. </li></ul><ul><li>To be a guard, you need to display ferocity so that it can be deterrent. </li></ul><ul><li>How can a guard be known to be a sissy? </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  17. 17. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ So, it is not being arrogant, but is part of our discipline as members of the security force. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  18. 18. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ As for barking at night, well... we, as experts in our field, know jolly well that burglars usually come out at night. Disadvantaged by poor lighting, we need to make sure that our presence is felt. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus the barking! </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  19. 19. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Not that we are inconsiderate to others. </li></ul><ul><li>But rather because it is part of our job, it is our duty and trust ( Amanah ) to do so – even though others may not like it “ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  20. 20. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ As to the accusation that we are ostentatious, even choosing specific places to nature's call! Well, it is a strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Our number is small, but the area to guard is so wide. We have to make our presence felt, even in our absence. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately they misunderstand this as our being ostentatious! </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  21. 21. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ So you see! We ought to understand our nature and try to live according to our nature. If you can do that... Al- h amdulillah ! </li></ul><ul><li>Be thankful and grateful to Allah for having created you dogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't you know that there are worse creatures than us?'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  22. 22. <ul><li>..... There was a stunned silence … </li></ul><ul><li>An old owl that was perched upon the barn was attentively listening to their conversation. She was always an avid listener to gossip, especially to pass her time at night. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  23. 23. <ul><li>She could not stem her '' kay-poh-istic '' (from Hokkien – a Chinese dialect - word “ kay-poh ” meaning ‘busybody’) tendencies and blurted out: </li></ul><ul><li>OWL : </li></ul><ul><li>''wHoo..! wHoo..!'' </li></ul><ul><li>'wHoo..!? wHoo..!?'‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Whereupon, one of the dogs echoed her and asked: </li></ul><ul><li>''Whoo...f? Whoo...f?'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  24. 24. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>'' Look at our neighbours, the swine! At least we dogs have a dignified job. But they? </li></ul><ul><li>I don't know why they were created. </li></ul><ul><li>All they seem to be doing is eating, sleeping, and wallowing in the mud and filth! </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  25. 25. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ As regards eating, they don't seem to have any discrimination! They are such dirty creatures; they enjoy covering themselves with mud and filth! Eeee!... </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  26. 26. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ Even in the Qur'an it is stated that man is forbidden from eating the flesh of swine. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  27. 27. <ul><li>Leader of the dogs: </li></ul><ul><li>“ And when you look at the numbers of piglets born each time, it is as though mating seems to be their favourite preoccupation! </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps we can say, they do nothing except eat, play in the filth, sleep and sex!'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  28. 28. <ul><li>Unfortunately, one piglet was not asleep but heard what was said. </li></ul><ul><li>It ran to the leader of the swine, to complain about the GHIBBAH (back biting) of the dogs. It created a stir amongst the pigs who began to shout ''Ooii..nk! Ooii...nk!'' in protest as though trying to remind the dogs that it is bad to back bite others. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  29. 29. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>'' Be calm! Don't overreact! Non-pigs can never understand pigs. But you pigs must realise that there is nothing wrong in trying to live according to your nature. </li></ul><ul><li>We ought to be thankful to Allah for having created us pigs. Let me respond and put into perspective our behaviour. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  30. 30. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ It is not true when they assume that we have no job. We do have a job on this farm. A rather difficult job which only we pigs can perform. We are the walking environment supervisors and our job is to clean up the place of all rotting things. We are perhaps the last in the food chain. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  31. 31. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ To do this job, we must not have any discrimination in eating. So, when we are doing our job efficiently, they accuse us of being gluttons. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  32. 32. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ They say we are dirty and quote the Qur'an. It is true that in the Qur'an, Allah tells Man that our flesh is forbidden for them. </li></ul><ul><li>But we have never told Man to eat us! </li></ul><ul><li>In fact everyone of us pigs will constantly be protesting and screaming in the abattoir. ….. Can’t they hear this cry ??!”” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  33. 33. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ We are supposed to be the last in the food chain and were created to function as such. Germs and bacteria or whatever which usually cause illness in Man, cannot harm us, but sustain us. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  34. 34. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ So if Man wants to consider us as their food, they are taking a big risk. They are the one who place themselves as the lowest in the food chain. Therefore whatever harm may befall him for consuming us is his fault. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  35. 35. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ As to covering ourselves with mud and filth, well, it is because we are not as fortunate as the dogs. Dogs were created with nice fur. Some amongst them are so vain as to enter into beauty contests because of this. </li></ul><ul><li>But we, we are just trying to be modest. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  36. 36. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Though we are created relatively naked, at least we have the decency to cover ourselves, even with mud because that is the only material available for us. </li></ul><ul><li>We are not vain like the dogs, but rather we are just being modest in our own way. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  37. 37. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If they think that mud is dirty, well, in the Qur'an it is stated that Allah does not lay a burden greater than what we can bear! </li></ul><ul><li>And between using mud and being naked, we'd rather not be naked. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact we are grateful to Allah that we have mud – AlHamdulillaah! .” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  38. 38. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ When they criticise us regarding our reproductive efficiency, calling us ''sexists!''.....&quot;Sexual!&quot;... They never consider the nature of our job. </li></ul><ul><li>No other animals can do what we are doing. We can't import foreign talents , to do our job! But we must ensure that there is no labour shortage. The best solution is to produce our own labourers.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  39. 39. <ul><li>Leader of the swine: </li></ul><ul><li>“ So you swine understand this! We were created with a specific nature and are expected by our Creator to function according to our nature. If we are doing it, Alhamdulillah! </li></ul><ul><li>Be grateful that Allah has created you as pigs, because there are worse creatures than us.'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and delivered a lecture to them.
  40. 40. <ul><li>The old owl was there again, as curious as ever. Gossip being her mainstay, she would not be satisfied without knowing who the leader of the pigs was referring to. Seeing that the pigs are a bunch of dullards, she began to draw their attention by flapping her wings and suggested to them the question, ''wHoo..! wHoo..! wHoo..!'' </li></ul><ul><li>Thus encouraged, one of the pigs asked: </li></ul><ul><li>' Oi..nk! Ooii..nk! .. Chief!... Tell us who is it?'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  41. 41. <ul><li>And then she said: </li></ul><ul><li>'' Humans!'' </li></ul><ul><li>On being asked why she came to that conclusion, she remarked: '' You see, amongst us animals, there is none that behave like humans. But amongst human beings, there are many that behave like beasts!'' </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The chief swine pacified them and looked at them with a smile.
  42. 42. --------------------- END OF STORY --------------------- ( THE STORY IS A SATIRE/FICTIONAL ) ANY RESEMBLANCE TO ANY PERSON OR PERSONS, DEAD OR ALIVE, IS PURELY COINCIDENTAL. CHARACTERIZATION INTENDED TO CONVEY A MESSAGE - AND NOT TO INSINUATE TOWARDS WHOEVER WHO MAY FEEL OFFENDED BY THEM. WE ARE NOT CONCERNED WITH THE VERACITY OF THE STORY, BUT THE TRUTH IN THE MESSAGE CONVEYED. http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/2008/10/introduction-to-ilm-al-akhlaq.html All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION Ask yourself: Is the last statement true? Does man know his nature and live according to this nature as human beings should? - “What are the other significant lessons to me , in this story...? ” <ul><li>Break into groupings (of not more </li></ul><ul><li>than 7 person in each). </li></ul><ul><li>Do brief introduction of each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed to discuss </li></ul>“ Salaam .. Nice to get to know you. … . So …….What have we learnt?”
  44. 44. <ul><li>Is this message in the last statement true? Does man know his nature and live according to this nature as human beings should? </li></ul><ul><li>Isn't it common for people to describe or accuse other people derogatorily as, &quot; you despicable animal !&quot; or &quot; you beast !&quot; etc. although he is referring to an obvious human. </li></ul><ul><li>So, perhaps human can become something else other than what he is supposed to be i.e. inhuman rather than being humane . He thus needs nurturing and cannot merely rely on his own devices, because man has been granted limited freewill and choice to develop. More importantly, he is also bestowed with revelations. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  45. 45. <ul><li>Since obviously man cannot hope to know his own nature unless this is taught to him. Especially when the teachings and guidance originates from his Maker </li></ul><ul><li>After all, who can best teach man about his nature and the best way of behaviour except his Creator? The Creator and Sustainer of the whole Universe and every creations. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  46. 46. <ul><li>Thus Islam as ad-Deen (a total system of guidance or all encompassing way of life) must also be viewed from this perspective i.e. its laws are all it conformity with man's nature, to develop him to become a truly Muslim personality – the pure and honourable Adamic [1] disposition. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) [1] as mankind was intended to be – as a human being
  47. 47. <ul><li>This is opposed to being: materialistic, animalistic, demonic and even to be distinguished as higher than the angelic disposition – because even angels were commanded to bow down to Adam a.s. : </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ” And behold We said to the angels: &quot; Bow down to Adam &quot;; and they bowed down:” ( Qur’an: Baqarah:2:34 )
  48. 48. <ul><li>Therefore, consider what Allah s.w.t. says in the Qur'an: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  49. 49. <ul><li>Therefore, consider what Allah s.w.t. says in the Qur'an: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ''Verily, We create man in the best conformation: thereafter we reduce him to the lowest of the low: except those who attain to faith and do righteous deeds; theirs will be a reward unending.” ( Qur'an: At-Tin: 95: 4-6 )
  50. 50. <ul><li>In the education of a Muslim, the three aspects of development viz: Imaan (Conviction/ Faith), 'Amal (Practise) and Ihsan (righteous conduct) - ultimately are to transform that person into a being with certain traits. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because Islam views Man as potentially good, but not yet perfect in his goodness. He is susceptible to change (although given his good, pure, and innocent beginning). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  51. 51. <ul><li>With Imaan , he becomes equipped with certainty and conviction thereby motivating him in life. The detail subject to pursue being ' 'Al- Aqaa'iid .'' </li></ul><ul><li>With 'Amal , he becomes concerned with manifesting what he believes by doing what is correct. The detail subject to pursue being '' Fiqh ''. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  52. 52. <ul><li>And with Ihsan , he learns that in his inner being lies a potential which must be kept pure and made to grow according to the pattern accorded by his Creator, to unlock and channel the various innate powers in him thereby to become as perfect a human as he can be. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  53. 53. <ul><li>The detail subject for this is '‘ ‘ Ilmu-Akhlaq '' which I have chosen the translation ''the science of human disposition''. Its methodology or approach of inculcation of the knowledge, organizational and technique for attainment of spiritual states etc., may vary accordingly and is also sometimes referred to as, '' ’ilmul-Tasawwuf ’’ ( what some refer to it as “ Sufism ”) and '' Irfan '‘. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  54. 54. <ul><li>One scholar succinctly describes “ Tasawwuf ” as “the practice of Islam at the level of IHSAN ” – where IHSAN is understood to mean (as explained by our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  55. 55. <ul><li>One scholar succinctly describes “ Tasawwuf ” as “the practice of Islam at the level of IHSAN ” – where IHSAN is understood to mean (as explained by our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul><ul><li>” ... that you worship [serve or devote yourself to] Allah as though you see Him, if not, then He sees you. ” </li></ul><ul><li>( Hadith reported by Muslim ) </li></ul><ul><li>Adepts of “ tasawwuf ” are called “ mutasawwifin ” whereas for “ Irfan ” the appellation “ ’ aa-rifin ” is used. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  57. 57. <ul><li>Although in '‘ ‘Ilmu al-Akhlaq '' , there are elements of behaviour being taught, it would be wrong to assume that it is like lessons on etiquette, manners etc. as generally understood. </li></ul><ul><li>You may be able to teach a person how to behave and yet his behaviour can at best be temporary and therefore '' artificial &quot;, motivated by a factor which is impermanent. For example, students may appear well behaved in the presence of a teacher, but once the teacher is not there, they go back to misbehaving. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  58. 58. <ul><li>Whereas, ' 'Ilmu- al-Akhlaq '' seeks to instil and mould a behaviour which is at the same time his nature, sustained and developed throughout his entire life. Perhaps the expression to make it ' 'second nature to him '' may give you the idea. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  59. 59. <ul><li>'' Khuluq '' i.e. disposition is that faculty ('' Malakah '') of the ''Self'' ('' Nafs '') which is the source of all activities that Man performs spontaneously without thinking about them. '' Malakah '' or certain faculty comes into existence through exercise and repetitive practice and is not easily destroyed. A particular disposition ('' malakah '') may appear in human beings because of one of the following reasons: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  60. 60. <ul><li>[1] NATURAL AND PHYSICAL MAKE UP </li></ul><ul><li>It is observed that some people are patient while others are touchy and nervous. Some are easily disturbed and saddened while others show greater resilience and resistance. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  61. 61. <ul><li>[2] HABIT </li></ul><ul><li>Habit is formed because of continual repetition of certain acts and leads to the formation of a disposition. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  62. 62. <ul><li>[3] PRACTICE AND CONSCIOUS EFFORT </li></ul><ul><li>Practice and conscious effort if continued long enough will eventually lead to the formation of a disposition. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) CLEAR MESSAGE IN THE QUR’AN
  64. 64. “ By the Nafs (Self or Soul of man), and the proportion and order given to it; and its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right; ― truly he succeeds that purifies it, and he fails that corrupts it!” ( Qur’an: as-Shams: 91: 7-10 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  65. 65. “ Verily we have honoured the children of Adam. We carry them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have preferred them above many of those whom We created with a marked preferment.” ( Qur’an: al-Isra’: 17: 70 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  66. 66. ““ Verily We have created Man into toil and struggle. Thinketh he, that none hath power over him? He may say (boastfully): &quot;Wealth have I squandered in abundance!&quot; Thinketh he that none beholdeth him? ” ( Qur’an: al-Balad: 90: 1-7 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  68. 68. “ Have we not made for him a pair of eyes? ― And a tongue and a pair of lips? ― And shown him the two highways? But he hath made no haste on the path that is steep. And what will explain to thee, the path that is steep? (It is:) freeing the bondman; Or the giving of food in a day of privation. To the orphan with claims of relationship, or to the indigent (down) in the dust. ” ( Qur’an: al-Balad: 90: 8-16 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  70. 70. “ Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. Such are the Companions of the Right Hand. But those who reject Our Signs, they are the (unhappy) companions of the Left Hand. On them will be Fire Vaulted over (all round).” ( Qur’an: al-Balad: 90: 17-20 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  71. 71. “ Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).” ( Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:2-3 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  72. 72. “ So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind ( FITwRAH ): no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.” ( Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  73. 73. “ Many are the Jinns and men We have made for Hell: they have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle nay more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning).” ( Qur’an: al-A’raf: 7:179 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  74. 74. “ Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls).” ( Qur’an: ar-Ra’d: 13: 11 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  75. 75. “ Say: Our life takes its colour from Allah! And who could give a better colour (to life) than Allah? And it is He (alone) Whom we worship.” ( Qur’an: al-Baqarah: 2: 138 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 Tau h eedic paradigm
  78. 78. ‘ ILM TAU H EED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved ? ‘ Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions    What is the Effect ? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tau h eed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  79. 79. ‘ ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved ? ‘ Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions    What is the Effect ? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tau h eed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: Languages, Logic & philosophy, Epistemology, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, Physical sciences, Astronomy, Geology, History, Anthropology, Marine & Space, Etc. Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  80. 80. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  81. 81. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. BROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQH ‘ ibadah (personal devotion / worship) Muamalah (social transaction) Munakahah (Marriage & family) Irth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth) Jinayah (crimes & punishment) Qodha’iyah (judiciary) jihad / Da’wah (struggle in war & peace) imarah (Leadership/government) Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  82. 82. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: All applied sciences, technology and skills, knowledge of economics, politics, social & administrative sciences etc. that can assist in the fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace, harmony, prosperity, physical with moral progress, and the well-being of Man & society, etc. Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  83. 83. ‘ ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved ? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis)    What is the Effect ? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [ Nabiyyin ] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [ itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul ] and loyal Companions [As haab] , In fellowship with the Truthful [ siddiqqin ], the Witnesses & martyrs [ shuhada ] and the Righteous servants of Allah [ Solihin ]; Striving to purify the Self ( Nafs ) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “ Insan Kaamil”) Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  84. 84. ‘ ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved ? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis)    What is the Effect ? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [ Nabiyyin ] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [ itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul ] and loyal Companions [As haab] , In fellowship with the Truthful [ siddiqqin ], the Witnesses & martyrs [ shuhada ] and the Righteous servants of Allah [ Solihin ]; Striving to purify the Self ( Nafs ) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “ Insan Kaamil”) RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: This aspect of development requires practical behaviour, the aspect of being and becoming. Its area of development is the inner Self, the ‘human psyche’ or the state of the Soul reflected in his Disposition ( Akhlaq ). Therefore, the close equivalent may perhaps be ‘human’ psychology, behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc. Tau h eedic paradigm All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  85. 85. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  86. 86. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” 16 weekly class starting: 15 October April 2011 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge THE ANNOUNCEMENT

×