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[Slideshare]fiqh course#8-bid'ah-clarification(2011)

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

LESSON # 8 –
CONTROVERSIES

BID’AH – A CLARIFICATION

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[Slideshare]fiqh course#8-bid'ah-clarification(2011)

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 8 – CONTROVERSIES BID’AH – A CLARIFICATION And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”
  2. 2. “ O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority from among you ( ulil-’amri min-kum ).” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  3. 3. “ Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving Clear signs; for them is a dreadful penalty.―” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 105 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  4. 4. “ ... Ask from those who possess the Message (az-Zikr : the remembrance) in matters which you do not know.“ ( Qur’an: al-Nahlu: 16: 43 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  6. 6. “ You are to hear and obey, even if your commander (authorized to lead you) is an Ethiopian (slave). Verily, those amongst you who lives long will see much dissensions. Thus, holdfast to my Sunnah (ways or teachings) and the Sunnah (ways) of my rightly-guided successors ( Khulafa’ rashidun ) after me, and bite upon them (hold tightly to this teaching). Avoid new (innovated) matters, for ( KULL ) every innovation ( BID’AH ) is misguidance ( DOLALAH ).” ( Hadith from Jabir r.a. reported by Abu Dawud and Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  8. 8. “ To proceed, verily the most truthful of sayings is the Book of Allah, and the most favored of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the most evil of affairs ( SHAR-RAL-’UMUR ) are matters newly begun ( MU H DATHUHA ), and every new affairs is innovation ( BID’AH ), and ( KULL ) every innovation ( BID’AH ) is misguidance ( DOLAALAH ), and every misguidance will be in Hell-fire.” ( Hadith from Jabir r.a. reported by Muslim ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The word - - ( al-BID’AH) in Arabic means “Introduction or creating something totally new without there being any precedence before it”. Thus Allah SWT said: “ To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 117 )
  10. 10. <ul><li>Thus, although this term has also been used loosely to mean something new, or an innovation not totally without a preceding basis - only ‘new’ in the form or method of manifesting the principle already established. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus difference of opinion occur when Muslims respond to these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are all BID’AH detested and disallowed (forbidden)?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Can BID’AH be categorised as BID’AH HASSANAH and BID’AH SAY-YI’AH ?” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>In the Hadith, since the phrase ( UMURU MUHDATHUHA ) “ all newly begun matter ” comes after phrase asserting the pre-eminence of the Qur’an and as-Sunnah , it imply that the “ new ” here is matter completely detached from these. </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase does not and cannot specifically mean “all” without exception, but it must be a general statement referring only to those new matters that does not have any Shari’ah basis at all, or religious sanctions regarding its validity and permissibility. </li></ul>
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>Unfortunately, there are some who insisted the “all” here must mean every new matter where the Prophet has never done or known to have approved. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus they often declare others as being astray because they differ in their understanding of what is definition of “ BID’AH ”, as well as does the word ( KULL ) used in Qur’an and Ahadith always means “all” without exception? </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of Islamic scholars do not insist on this rigid literal interpretation. </li></ul>
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>To insist otherwise is to negate the very spirit of the SHARI’AH , which requires that its principle teachings (although unchanging) be expanded and relevantly applied throughout evolving human life – as borne out in history as achieved by the Islamic civilization - which requires innovations and the innovative genius of the Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>This is further clarified with the Prophet’s appreciation and encouragement to a SAHABIY who introduced a good way ( sunnah hasanah ) implying something ‘new’, a novelty. </li></ul>
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  15. 15. “ Whosoever introduces a way in Islam a good practice ( sunnah hasanah ), for him will be the reward for (introducing) it, as well as (given the same) reward as others who follow and practice that good act, till the day of judgment. And whosoever introduces a bad practice ( sunnah sayyi-at ), for him will be the sin for (introducing) it, as well as (given the same) sins as others who follow and commit that bad practice, till the day of judgment ” ( Hadith reported by Muslim ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. <ul><li>Some say that this encouragement is in ‘worldly’ ( DUNYAWI ) matters and does not involve the ‘religion’ ( DEENIYAT ). This argument is problematic as it still indicates that there can be exception to the term “ KULL ” by giving another type of categorization. Yet, can a Muslim’s worldly life be dichotomised from his religion? </li></ul><ul><li>Statements in the Qur’an and Ahadith , which literally imply a generalization, is not always absolute without there being exceptions. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  17. 17. <ul><li>Majority of Islamic scholars are very careful not to infer statements of generalization as though it is absolute without there being exception. </li></ul><ul><li>In this case, the word ( KULL ) meaning “ every ” here, most Islamic scholars does not understand this to mean an absolute “ all ” new matters, but must mean “ most ” new matters. Those matters which contradicts or are opposed to the principle teachings of the Qur’an and “ As-Sunnah ”. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  18. 18. <ul><li>If it were not to be so, than the second Hadith would be contradictory because it states that “ Whosoever introduces a way in Islam a good practice” cannot mean a thing not known to the Prophet s.a.w. but implies something new which is consistent with Sunnah – “ sunnah hasanah ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Some may seek a basis to substantiate this argument, that the word - “ KULL ” does not mean “all”. The following is an example where this term is used in the Qur’an : </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  19. 19. <ul><li>Obviously one door of goodness (the exception), which was not opened for them, was the door of Mercy . </li></ul>“ But when they forget the warning they had received, We opened to them the gates of all (good) things ( KULLI-SHAI’ ), until, in the midst of their enjoyment of Our gifts, on a sudden, We called them to account, when lo! they were plunged in despair!” ( Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 44 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Still we need to respect those who hold to differing view and regard the “ KULL ” to mean “every”. This is because this issue of “ BID’AH ” is a “ KHILAAFIYAH ” . </li></ul><ul><li>As regard the “ BID’AH ” that is deemed misguidance ( DOLAALAH ) agreed to by all – are those that pertains to innovated matters of AQEEDAH and ‘IBAADAH , which cannot be substantiated at al with revelation (Qur’an and as-Sunnah ) or its principles as agreed by the FUQAHA’ guided by the following: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ The first principle ruling regarding formal worship (rites) is by TAUQIF (reliance upon revelations) and in following (the command).” “ The first principle ruling regarding formal worship (rites) is that it be deemed BAATIL (invalid - cannot be followed) until there is a clear proof (basis) of its command.”
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ The first principle ruling regarding matters of ‘ ADAT (ways, practices , methods and customs) is that they are deemed permissible,” “ The first principle ruling regarding contracts and social transactions is that they are deemed valid, until there is clear proof (basis) that it is BAATIL (invalid) or HARAM (illegal – forbidden)”
  23. 23. “ O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. “ What! have they partners (in godhead), who have established for them some religion without the permission of Allah?” ( Qur’an: Shura: 46: 21 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  25. 25. “ Whoever practices (in this religion) a practice which is not based upon what we have commanded, that practice is rejected.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary and Ahmad ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  26. 26. “ Whoever innovates (bring about a new ways) in our affairs (of religion) which has no basis (from its teachings), it is rejected.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary and Ahmad ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) AND ALLAH KNOWS ALL
  27. 27. “ O ye who believe! if you are conscious of and fear Allah ( TAQWA ), He will grant you a criterion ( FURQAN -to judge between right and wrong), remove from you (all) evil (that may afflict) you, and forgive you: for Allah is the Lord of grace unbounded.” ( Qur’an: Anfaal: 8: 29 ) REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT COMMAND All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  28. 28. ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH “ O Allah! Make us to see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.” IMPORTANT DU’A All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  29. 29. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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