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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#5e-fiqh-da'wah-jesus-not-crucified-nor-killed-(5-december-2015)

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Regarding the death and crucifixion of Jesus Christ
BASIC UMMATIC CONCERN
‘ DA’WAH TOWARDS AHLUL-KITAB ’
(Comparative religion approach in Da’wah) Understanding the (MAD-’U) :

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#5e-fiqh-da'wah-jesus-not-crucified-nor-killed-(5-december-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 5 eLESSON # 5 e Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) BASIC UMMATIC CONCERNBASIC UMMATIC CONCERN ‘‘ DA’WAH TOWARDS AHLUL-KITAB ’DA’WAH TOWARDS AHLUL-KITAB ’ (Comparative religion approach in Da’wah)(Comparative religion approach in Da’wah) Understanding the (MAD-’U) :Understanding the (MAD-’U) : Regarding the death and crucifixion of Jesus ChristRegarding the death and crucifixion of Jesus Christ Updated 5 DECEEMBER 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 (Aug-(Aug-20152015)) Responding to the Christian claim :
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  3. 3. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““Praise be to Allah Who has revealed to HisPraise be to Allah Who has revealed to His servant the Book devoid of all crookedness; anservant the Book devoid of all crookedness; an unerringly Straight Book, meant to warn of aunerringly Straight Book, meant to warn of a stern punishment from Allah, and to proclaim, tostern punishment from Allah, and to proclaim, to those who believe and work righteous deeds, thethose who believe and work righteous deeds, the tiding that theirs shall be a good reward whereintiding that theirs shall be a good reward wherein they shall abide for ever ….”they shall abide for ever ….” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) “… and also to warn those who say: "Allah has taken to Himself a son, a thing about which they have no knowledge, neither they nor their ancestors. Dreadful is the word that comes out of their mouths. What they utter is merely a lie.” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5) PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) Among the reasons why the Qur’an was sent down, and the teachings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬, is “to warn those who say: "Allah has taken to Himself a son.” Da’wah in the context of Singapore in my experience, many would-be converts/reverts/Balik-Islam, are mostly from the Catholics-Christian faith or exposed to its teachings. Therefore, you would most likely be confronted and challenged by your family-and- friends from this previous faith. PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) Therefore, what I shall present and share with you today, will be the necessary knowledge, which, guided by Al-Qur’an, this will help to eradicate whatever false-notion you may still have about your previous faith, eradicate doubts and replace it with certainty of the truth of Al-Islam. Also it can assist in preparing ourselves and our future generation of Muslims to become effective witnesses of Islam and hopefully become motivated in inviting their friends and colleagues towards the truth. PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““AndAnd do not saydo not say, "[God is] a trinity"., "[God is] a trinity". DesistDesist [from this assertion] for your own good.[from this assertion] for your own good. God (Allah) is but One God … ”God (Allah) is but One God … ” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171)) EXTRACTS FROM MONTHLY TADZKIRAH FOR “MABUHAY CLUB @ DARUL ARQAM” 1
  8. 8. SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““ Far be it from His gloryFar be it from His glory that He should have a son.that He should have a son. To Him belongsTo Him belongs whatever is in the heavens andwhatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Andwhatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allahsufficient is Allah asas Disposer of affairs.”Disposer of affairs.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171)) EXTRACTS FROM MONTHLY TADZKIRAH FOR “MABUHAY CLUB @ DARUL ARQAM” 2
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  10. 10. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  11. 11. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““ And their boast, "Behold, we have slain the Christ Jesus, son of Mary, the messenger of Allah!" However, they did not slay him, and neither did they crucify him, but it only seemed to them [as if it had been] so; and, verily, those who hold conflicting views thereon are indeed confused, having no [real] knowledge thereof, and following mere con-jecture. For, of a certainty, they did not slay him: Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise."." ((Qur’an: Surah An-Nisa’: 4: 157-158Qur’an: Surah An-Nisa’: 4: 157-158))
  12. 12. TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION  Discuss and brainstorm as to “why Crucifixion, death andDiscuss and brainstorm as to “why Crucifixion, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ central to Christians’ doctrine.”resurrection of Jesus Christ central to Christians’ doctrine.”  If Jesus was not crucified, what actually happened?If Jesus was not crucified, what actually happened?  Why do Muslim not accept the Biblical narration of Jesus’ crucifixion,Why do Muslim not accept the Biblical narration of Jesus’ crucifixion, death and resurrection?death and resurrection? Break into groupings (of not more than 8 person in each). Do brief introduction of each other. “Salaam .. Nice to get to know you. …. So …….What have we learnt?” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. “The doctrine is built upon three pillars like these cards. If only one card is removed, this whole house (doctrine) inevitably will collapse.” SHEIHK AHMED DEEDAT ORIGINAL SIN CRUCIFIXION, DEATH & RESURRECTION OF JESUS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Orthodox Christian Doctrine DIEFICATION OF JESUS
  14. 14. THE ORIGINAL SIN 12  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have “ The soul that sinneth it shall die (Ezekiel 18: 20) Romans 5: 12 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Favorite verses # 1
  15. 15. JESUS CHRIST MUST BE DIVINE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 1 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Favorite verse # 2
  16. 16. JESUS CHRIST MUST BE DIVINE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. John 3 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Favorite verse # 2
  17. 17. JESUS’ VICARIOUS ATTONEMENT - CRUCIFIXION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  From the doctrine of the “From the doctrine of the “original sinoriginal sin” from which atonement is” from which atonement is required through vicarious blood sacrifice of Jesus - who must berequired through vicarious blood sacrifice of Jesus - who must be ‘‘DivineDivine’ because if he was mere human would not be capable of’ because if he was mere human would not be capable of carrying all sins. Thus their need for “carrying all sins. Thus their need for “deification of Jesus Christdeification of Jesus Christ”, being”, being literally as the “literally as the “Son of GodSon of God” whereas the Israelite (Jewish) understood” whereas the Israelite (Jewish) understood this term to mean “this term to mean “a righteous or godly person approved of Goda righteous or godly person approved of God”.”.  Finally for the doctrine of “Finally for the doctrine of “vicarious atonementvicarious atonement” to be fulfilled, Jesus” to be fulfilled, Jesus must have been crucified and died to absolve the “must have been crucified and died to absolve the “original sinoriginal sin”.”. # 3
  18. 18. 12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: 14 and if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. 15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. 16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: 17 and if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Paul’s teaching 1 Corinthians 15: 12- 17 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION
  20. 20. “ … and, verily, those who hold conflicting views thereon are indeed confused, having no [real] knowledge thereof, and following mere con­jecture.” ((Qur’an: Surah An­Nisa’: 4: 157Qur’an: Surah An­Nisa’: 4: 157)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  The ‘crucifixion narrative is the Christians’ assertion and is fundamental toThe ‘crucifixion narrative is the Christians’ assertion and is fundamental to their belief but not the Muslims’ – therefore we Muslims are not obligedtheir belief but not the Muslims’ – therefore we Muslims are not obliged nor be required to provide alternative narratives to prove what really hadnor be required to provide alternative narratives to prove what really had happened.happened.  Do not therefore fall into the Christians’ challenge,Do not therefore fall into the Christians’ challenge, “if you Muslim“if you Muslim disagree, then tell us who died on the cross?”disagree, then tell us who died on the cross?”  Any reports or narrations, we Muslim have a strict methodology on howAny reports or narrations, we Muslim have a strict methodology on how to ascertain its authenticity (as in ourto ascertain its authenticity (as in our ‘ILM­AL­MUSTHALAH­AL­HADITH‘ILM­AL­MUSTHALAH­AL­HADITH).).  Contemporary Biblical scholars (e.g. like Dr. Bart Erhman) have nowContemporary Biblical scholars (e.g. like Dr. Bart Erhman) have now begun to doubt the authenticity of the Bible through many of their works.begun to doubt the authenticity of the Bible through many of their works.
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Notwithstanding, for this interfaith dialogue on this subject, we wouldNotwithstanding, for this interfaith dialogue on this subject, we would not insist upon using this but accept the ‘authenticity’ of whatever isnot insist upon using this but accept the ‘authenticity’ of whatever is contained in the Christian bible which Christians rely upon.contained in the Christian bible which Christians rely upon.  As Allah SWT informed us that whatever they present are “As Allah SWT informed us that whatever they present are “meremere conjecturesconjectures”, our role simply is to show that these are therefore not”, our role simply is to show that these are therefore not definitive; can have many other possible interpretations; cantaindefinitive; can have many other possible interpretations; cantain doubts; inconsistencies, etc. as critique to their assertion.doubts; inconsistencies, etc. as critique to their assertion.  Admittedly, even our alternative interpretations e.g. Ahmed Deedat’s orAdmittedly, even our alternative interpretations e.g. Ahmed Deedat’s or other Muslim scholars engaged in this, are also not definitive but merelyother Muslim scholars engaged in this, are also not definitive but merely conjectures. Only Allah SWT knows the truth –conjectures. Only Allah SWT knows the truth – WALLAA­HU­A’­LAMWALLAA­HU­A’­LAM
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) # 1 : Critical re-evaluation of Biblical narration
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. 33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; 34 and saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. 35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt. Mark 14: 32- 36 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  5  So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but  he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten  thee. 6  As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever  after the order of Melchisedec. 7  Who in the days of his flesh, when  he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and  tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was  heard in that he feared; 8  though he were a Son, yet learned he  obedience by the things which he suffered; 9  and being made  perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them  that obey him; 10  called of God an high priest after the order of  Melchisedec. Hebrews 5: 5-10 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 41  Then they took away the stone from the place where  the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said,  Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. 42  And I  knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the  people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that  thou hast sent me… John 11 : 41-42 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)  Now if Jesus’ prayer (supplication) on every occasion would have been Now if Jesus’ prayer (supplication) on every occasion would have been  answered, therefore we assert that he must have also been saved from answered, therefore we assert that he must have also been saved from  that ignoble and humiliating death on the cross.that ignoble and humiliating death on the cross. Before this there was another incident
  27. 27. - The fish which got away … (Sheikh Ahmad Deedat) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) # 2 : Critical re-evaluation of Biblical narration
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 38  Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered,  saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. 39  But he  answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous  generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be  given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40  for as Jonas  was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall  the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of  the earth.  Matthew 12: 38-40 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  What is the actual miracle of the Prophet Jonah?What is the actual miracle of the Prophet Jonah?  Christians would insist on the Christians would insist on the ““for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.”  When we honestly analyze their “Crucifixion-resurrection” account, When we honestly analyze their “Crucifixion-resurrection” account,  Jesus did not fulfil even this.Jesus did not fulfil even this.  We would rather think that the real “Sign of Jonah” was “We would rather think that the real “Sign of Jonah” was “his beinghis being alivealive” through the ordeal – that therefore Jesus was prophesizing that ” through the ordeal – that therefore Jesus was prophesizing that  although he would appear to undergo an ordeal like Jonah which although he would appear to undergo an ordeal like Jonah which  ordinarily no one can survive, yet like Jonah he would still remain alive ordinarily no one can survive, yet like Jonah he would still remain alive  and be saved.and be saved.
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having died Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having died  and resurrected?and resurrected? Consider these pointsConsider these points 1)1) Why do the Roman guards had to rely upon Judas Iscariot to identify Jesus Why do the Roman guards had to rely upon Judas Iscariot to identify Jesus  to them at the garden of Gethsemane by his “kiss”?to them at the garden of Gethsemane by his “kiss”? 2)2) All his disciple forsook him and fled. Who then narrated the various stages All his disciple forsook him and fled. Who then narrated the various stages  of arrest, trials and torture which the narratives allegedly reports.of arrest, trials and torture which the narratives allegedly reports. 3)3) Crowd was offered by Pilate choice between of freeing “Crowd was offered by Pilate choice between of freeing “BarabbasBarabbas” or the ” or the  ““king of the Jewking of the Jew”. Could not it be that a confusion may have happened? ”. Could not it be that a confusion may have happened?  Who was the popular between the two? – re: Dr. Gerald Dirks.Who was the popular between the two? – re: Dr. Gerald Dirks.
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having  died and resurrected?died and resurrected? Consider these pointsConsider these points 4)4) It was said on the way to Calgary, a Simon of Cyrene helped to carry It was said on the way to Calgary, a Simon of Cyrene helped to carry  the cross for the condemned ‘Jesus’. In Early Church history it was the cross for the condemned ‘Jesus’. In Early Church history it was  recorded that there were some early Christian group who believed recorded that there were some early Christian group who believed  that it was this Simon that was crucified. Couldn’t this be probable?that it was this Simon that was crucified. Couldn’t this be probable? 5)5) Could a crucified person have died just only few hours on the cross?Could a crucified person have died just only few hours on the cross? 6)6) What was it that given to ‘Jesus” when on the cross? Only for What was it that given to ‘Jesus” when on the cross? Only for  quenching his ‘thirst’? Could it not be possible that there was some quenching his ‘thirst’? Could it not be possible that there was some  kind plan underway to rescue him? kind plan underway to rescue him? 
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having  died and resurrected?died and resurrected? Consider these pointsConsider these points 7)7) Why was the crucified ‘Jesus’ leg-bones not broken?Why was the crucified ‘Jesus’ leg-bones not broken? 8)8) Why was the ‘body’ released to then be entombed in a private Why was the ‘body’ released to then be entombed in a private  sepulcher, property belonging one Joseph of Arimathea? Was not this sepulcher, property belonging one Joseph of Arimathea? Was not this  Joseph a disciple of Jesus? Joseph a disciple of Jesus?  9)9) We know that crucifixion during Jesus’ time was common. Was this We know that crucifixion during Jesus’ time was common. Was this  (given honorable burial for those crucified) an accepted practice (given honorable burial for those crucified) an accepted practice  whereas crucifixion was meant to be a deterrent punishment? Why whereas crucifixion was meant to be a deterrent punishment? Why  this extraordinary exception?this extraordinary exception?
  33. 33. 20 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it  was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away  from the sepulchre.2  Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter,  and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them,  They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know  not where they have laid him. 3  Peter therefore went forth, and that  other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 4  So they ran both  together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to  the sepulchre. 5  And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen  clothes lying; yet went he not in.  John 20 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. 6  Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the  sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 7  and the napkin, that was  about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped  together in a place by itself.8  Then went in also that other disciple,  which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 9  For as  yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the  dead. John 20 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. 10  Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 11  But  Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she  stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 12  and seeth two  angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the  feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13  And they say unto her,  Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they  have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him. 14  And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw  Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.  John 20 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36.  15  Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest  thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if  thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I  will take him away. 16  Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself,  and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. 17  Jesus saith  unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but  go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and  your Father; and to my God, and your God. 18  Mary Magdalene came  and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had  spoken these things unto her. John 20 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Who can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ havingWho can definitively verify all the Biblical narration of Jesus’ having died and resurrected?died and resurrected? Consider these pointsConsider these points 10)10)Although Mary Magdalene was said to be present at the crucifixion,Although Mary Magdalene was said to be present at the crucifixion, why did she go to the sepulcher?why did she go to the sepulcher? Consider the narrative criticallyConsider the narrative critically.. 11)11)Do Jews anoint dead bodies? Why take off the linen cloth windingDo Jews anoint dead bodies? Why take off the linen cloth winding sheet? Why the need to roll the stone to exit the sepulcher? Why thesheet? Why the need to roll the stone to exit the sepulcher? Why the need to be disguised as a gardener? Why did she say to him “need to be disguised as a gardener? Why did she say to him “Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away” (John 20: 17)? Why refused to be touched?” (John 20: 17)? Why refused to be touched?
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) # 3 : Critical re-evaluation of Biblical narration
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. ““But Satan caused them both to stumble therein, andBut Satan caused them both to stumble therein, and thus brought about the loss of their erstwhile state.thus brought about the loss of their erstwhile state. And so We said: "Down with you, [and be henceforth]And so We said: "Down with you, [and be henceforth] enemies unto one another; and on earth you shallenemies unto one another; and on earth you shall have your abode and your livelihood for a while!“have your abode and your livelihood for a while!“ ThereuponThereupon Adam received words [of guidance] fromAdam received words [of guidance] from his Sustainer, and He accepted his repentance: for,his Sustainer, and He accepted his repentance: for, verily, He alone is the-Acceptor of Repentance, theverily, He alone is the-Acceptor of Repentance, the Dispenser of Grace.”Dispenser of Grace.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 35-37Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 35-37)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. ““Every (most) children of Adam makes mistakes, and theEvery (most) children of Adam makes mistakes, and the best of them who makes mistakes are those who repents.”best of them who makes mistakes are those who repents.” ((Hadith reported by Ibnu MajahHadith reported by Ibnu Majah)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. SAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servantsSAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servants of Mine who have transgressed againstof Mine who have transgressed against your own selves!your own selves! Despair not of Allah’sDespair not of Allah’s mercymercy: behold, Allah forgives all sins - for,: behold, Allah forgives all sins - for, verily, He alone is (verily, He alone is (AL-GHAFUURAL-GHAFUUR) much-) much- forgiving, (forgiving, (AR-RAHEEMAR-RAHEEM) a dispenser of) a dispenser of grace!’”grace!’” ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 53Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Say [O Prophet]: "If you love Allah, follow me, [and]Say [O Prophet]: "If you love Allah, follow me, [and] AllahAllah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is much-will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is much- forgiving, a dispenser of grace.forgiving, a dispenser of grace.”” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 31Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 31))
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““We have never sent any messenger save that he shouldWe have never sent any messenger save that he should be obeyed (heeded) by Allah’s leave (permission).be obeyed (heeded) by Allah’s leave (permission). If, then, after having sinned against themselves, theyIf, then, after having sinned against themselves, they would but come round to thee (O Muhammad) and askwould but come round to thee (O Muhammad) and ask Allah to forgive them - with the Messenger, too, prayingAllah to forgive them - with the Messenger, too, praying that they be forgiven -that they be forgiven - they would assuredly find thatthey would assuredly find that Allah is an acceptor of repentance, a dispenser of graceAllah is an acceptor of repentance, a dispenser of grace.”.” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 64Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 64))

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