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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#5c-fiqh-da'wah-doctrine-christianity-original-sin-(21-november-2015)

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Understanding the (MAD-’U) :
Christian Doctrine of the Original Sin

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#5c-fiqh-da'wah-doctrine-christianity-original-sin-(21-november-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 5 cLESSON # 5 c Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) BASIC UMMATIC CONCERNBASIC UMMATIC CONCERN ‘‘ DA’WAH TOWARDS AHLUL-KITAB ’DA’WAH TOWARDS AHLUL-KITAB ’ (Comparative religion approach in Da’wah)(Comparative religion approach in Da’wah) Understanding the (MAD-’U) :Understanding the (MAD-’U) : Christian Doctrine of the Original SinChristian Doctrine of the Original Sin Updated 21 NOVEMBER 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 (Aug-(Aug-20152015)) Responding to the :
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  3. 3. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““Praise be to Allah Who has revealed to HisPraise be to Allah Who has revealed to His servant the Book devoid of all crookedness; anservant the Book devoid of all crookedness; an unerringly Straight Book, meant to warn of aunerringly Straight Book, meant to warn of a stern punishment from Allah, and to proclaim, tostern punishment from Allah, and to proclaim, to those who believe and work righteous deeds, thethose who believe and work righteous deeds, the tiding that theirs shall be a good reward whereintiding that theirs shall be a good reward wherein they shall abide for ever ….”they shall abide for ever ….” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 1-3)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) “… and also to warn those who say: "Allah has taken to Himself a son, a thing about which they have no knowledge, neither they nor their ancestors. Dreadful is the word that comes out of their mouths. What they utter is merely a lie.” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5) PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) Among the reasons why the Qur’an was sent down, and the teachings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬, is “to warn those who say: "Allah has taken to Himself a son.” Da’wah in the context of Singapore in my experience, many would-be converts/reverts/Balik-Islam, are mostly from the Catholics-Christian faith or exposed to its teachings. Therefore, you would most likely be confronted and challenged by your family-and- friends from this previous faith. PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) Therefore, what I shall present and share with you today, will be the necessary knowledge, which, guided by Al-Qur’an, this will help to eradicate whatever false-notion you may still have about your previous faith, eradicate doubts and replace it with certainty of the truth of Al-Islam. Also it can assist in preparing ourselves and our future generation of Muslims to become effective witnesses of Islam and hopefully become motivated in inviting their friends and colleagues towards the truth. PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““AndAnd do not saydo not say, "[God is] a trinity"., "[God is] a trinity". DesistDesist [from this assertion] for your own good.[from this assertion] for your own good. God (Allah) is but One God … ”God (Allah) is but One God … ” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171)) EXTRACTS FROM MONTHLY TADZKIRAH FOR “MABUHAY CLUB @ DARUL ARQAM” 1
  8. 8. SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: SERIES OF ADVICE FROM: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““ Far be it from His gloryFar be it from His glory that He should have a son.that He should have a son. To Him belongsTo Him belongs whatever is in the heavens andwhatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Andwhatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allahsufficient is Allah asas Disposer of affairs.”Disposer of affairs.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 171)) EXTRACTS FROM MONTHLY TADZKIRAH FOR “MABUHAY CLUB @ DARUL ARQAM” 2
  9. 9. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) “And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'" He (Jesus) will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 116) PREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) “And who would be averse to the religion of Abraham except one who makes a fool of himself. And We had chosen him in this world, and indeed he, in the Hereafter, will be among the righteous.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 130) PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““They say, "Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided."They say, "Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided." Say, "Say, "Rather, [we follow] the religion of AbrahamRather, [we follow] the religion of Abraham,, inclining toward truth, and he was not of the polytheists.”inclining toward truth, and he was not of the polytheists.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 135Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 135)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  13. 13. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and theOr do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants were Jews or Christians? Say, "Are you more knowing orDescendants were Jews or Christians? Say, "Are you more knowing or is Allah?" And who is more unjust than one who conceals a testimonyis Allah?" And who is more unjust than one who conceals a testimony he has from Allah? And Allah is not unaware of what you do. “he has from Allah? And Allah is not unaware of what you do. “ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 140Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 140)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)  The formalized doctrine of original sin was first developed in the 2nd- century by Irenaeus the Bishop of Lyons (circa 202CE). Original sin is known in two senses: the Fall of Adam as the "original" sin and the hereditary fallen nature and moral corruption that is passed down from Adam to his descendants.  It is called "original" in that Adam, the first man, is the one who sinned and thus caused sin to enter the world. Even though Eve is the one who sinned first and because Adam is the Federal Head (representative of mankind), his fall included or represented all of humanity. Therefore, some hold that original sin includes the falling of all humanity. Some see original sin as Adam's fallen nature being passed to his descendants. re: Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) 12  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:  Romans 5: 12 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)  There has been much debate over the nature of the ‘sin’ of Adam and how it affected mankind.  Pelagius (354–440CE) taught that Adam's sin influenced the human race only as a bad example and that all people are born in the same state as Adam was before his fall. re: Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry Paul’s letter
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)  Augustine of Hippo (354–430CE) taught that men inherit natural corruption from Adam.  At the return of Christ and the resurrection of all Christians, the sin nature will be eradicated. re: Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry Paul’s letter Romans 5: 12 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) 12  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) 2 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2  wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Ephesians 2 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)  Although the detail understanding of what constitute the definition of this ‘sin’ is not homogeneous amongst Christians and are still debated, yet many would use Paul’s writing to affirm that mankind indeed is stained by it and thus requires blood redemption through Christ’s crucifixion. Paul’s letter
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) 4  But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5  even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6  and hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7  that in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8  For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9  not of works, lest any man should boast. Ephesians 2 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Paul’s letter
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) 12  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 13  (for until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14  Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come … Romans 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Paul’s letter
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) … 17  For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ).  18  Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.  19  For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Romans 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV) Paul’s letter
  22. 22.  Christians basis of accepting this doctrine today mostly rely upon Paul’s writing whereas Paul was never an original disciple of Jesus.  ‘Original sin’ was never taught by all earlier Prophets including John the Baptist (Yahya a.s.) and Jesus Christ (Isa a.s.) himself.  All earlier church fathers before Augustine e.g. Ignatius, Justin Martyr, Origen, Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria etc. including Irenaeus believed that man has a ‘free-will’, capable both for doing righteousness or in committing sin. Irenaeus’ objection to the Gnostics was that of man’s potential for this (obedience or sinning) as the inherited Adamic nature in man – not that they inherit the original sin of Adam.  It was Augustine, who deny man having a ‘free-will’, later arrogate ‘sin’ of man to the flesh - inherited Adamic nature – predetermined by God. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  23. 23. Some Biblical evidence and our response which we can present for the Christians’ consideration All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  25. 25. ““ Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests,Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has the power to will anything: He Who createdsince He has the power to will anything: He Who created death as well as life,death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [andso that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct,thus show] which of you is best in conduct, andand [make you[make you realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.”realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.” ((Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  26. 26. ““Whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] hisWhoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul. And whoever errs only errs against it.soul. And whoever errs only errs against it. And no bearerAnd no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of anotherof burdens will bear the burden of another. And never. And never would We punishwould We punish until We sent a messengeruntil We sent a messenger.”.” ((Qur’an: al-Isra’: 17: 15Qur’an: al-Isra’: 17: 15)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  27. 27. “ The soul that sinneth it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity (sins) of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity (sins) of the son, the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him… ” (Ezekiel 18: 20) AS FOUND IN THE OLD TESTAMENTAS FOUND IN THE OLD TESTAMENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  28. 28. “… But the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.” (Ezekiel 18 : 21) (Note similarity with the Islamic concept of ‘TAUBAH’ here : consistent with Islam. Unfortunately later Christian Church leaders have replaced this with their concept of the ‘original sin’ , ‘blood redemption’ and ‘vicarious atonement’.) AS FOUND IN THE OLD TESTAMENTAS FOUND IN THE OLD TESTAMENT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  29. 29. 4 “And so John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5 The whole Judean countryside and all the people of Jerusalem went out to him. Confessing their sins, they were baptized by him in the Jordan River.” AS FOUND IN THE NEW TESTAMENTAS FOUND IN THE NEW TESTAMENT (Mark l : 4-5) New International Version (NIV)  The point being that sins can and have been forgiven without need for any blood sacrifice. This has been consistently taught by the Israelite prophets since Moses time till John, and Jesus even participated in this baptism. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  30. 30. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  31. 31. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) alleging: “Jesus dying for the Sins of mankind” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  32. 32. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) alleging: “Jesus dying for the Sins of mankind” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  33. 33. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned Yet in life, he may fall into sin Thus he requires GUIDANCE ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) alleging: “Jesus dying for the Sins of mankind” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  34. 34. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned Yet in life he may fall into sin Thus he requires GUIDANCE Even if he falls, there is hope of Allah’s Mercy and Forgiveness ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE Forgiveness through repentance and reparation, while in this world THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION MERCYMERCY Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) alleging: “Jesus dying for the Sins of mankind” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  35. 35. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… Because to us God (Allah) Has already forgiven Adam and Hawa All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  36. 36. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… “They (Adam and Hawa) said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  37. 37. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… ““ThenThen Adam received from his Lord [some] words,Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentanceand He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.”is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  38. 38. “Jesus says : ‘Not everyone who says to me ‘Lord, Lord’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven” * (Matthew 7 : 21 ) ( * Islam : means “submission of God’s will” ) HOW SHALL MAN BE SAVED IN HEREAFTER ?HOW SHALL MAN BE SAVED IN HEREAFTER ? AS FOUND IN THE GOSPEL - NEW TESTAMENT RECORD:AS FOUND IN THE GOSPEL - NEW TESTAMENT RECORD: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) 11  And he said, A certain man had two sons: 12  and the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living. 13  And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. 14  And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want... Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ...15  And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16  And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. 17  And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! 18  I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee,..  Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ... 19  and am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. 20  And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him.21  And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son… Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) … 22  But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet: 23  and bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry: 24  for this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry… Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) … 25  Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard musick and dancing. 26  And he called one of the servants, and asked what these things meant. 27  And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and sound. 28  And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him... Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) …  29  And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:30  but as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf…  Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) … 31  And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine. 32  It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found. Luke 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  47. 47. “Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him hearing and seeing. Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful. Indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers chains and shackles and a blaze. Indeed, the righteous will drink from a cup [of wine] whose mixture is of Kafur, ” (Qur’an: Insan: 76: 2-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  49. 49. “We have certainly created man in the best of stature; Then We return him to the lowest of the low, Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted. So what yet causes you to deny the Recompense? Is not Allah the most just of judges? ” (Qur’an: at-Tin: 94: 4-8) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  50. 50. ANGELS JINN (spirits) MANKIND ANIMALS PLANTS Can beCan be ElevatedElevated toto the highest, eventhe highest, even higher than Angelshigher than Angels Can beCan be DebasedDebased toto be the lowest of thebe the lowest of the low.low. IN THE CENTRE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  51. 51. ‘‘AQLIYYAHAQLIYYAH WAHM/KHAYALIWAHM/KHAYALI FITRAH SALIMAFITRAH SALIMA BAHIMIYAHBAHIMIYAH NABATIYYAHNABATIYYAH AngelicAngelic SatanicSatanic AdamicAdamic AnimalisticAnimalistic VegetativeVegetative WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIESWITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  53. 53. ““ Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests,Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has the power to will anything: He Who createdsince He has the power to will anything: He Who created death as well as life,death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [andso that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct,thus show] which of you is best in conduct, andand [make you[make you realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.”realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.” ((Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  54. 54. 54All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  55. 55. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  56. 56. ““Do men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘We believe,’Do men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘We believe,’ they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to athey will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test?test? Yea, indeed, we did test those who lived beforeYea, indeed, we did test those who lived before them; and so too, [shall be tested those Muslims who isthem; and so too, [shall be tested those Muslims who is now livingnow living and] most certainly will He mark out thoseand] most certainly will He mark out those who prove themselves true, and most certainly will Hewho prove themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying.”mark out those who are lying.” ((Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3)) 56All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  57. 57. To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. ItTo be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would berequires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation.rewarded with honour and exaltation. 57All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  58. 58. To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. ItTo be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would berequires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation.rewarded with honour and exaltation. To be tested means that man is given the potential to beTo be tested means that man is given the potential to be capable for both success as well as failure. He must not becapable for both success as well as failure. He must not be compelled but must have the free-will and choice.compelled but must have the free-will and choice. 58All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  59. 59. To be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. ItTo be a believer in Allah SWT. cannot be by mere claim. It requires proof through tests, because believers would berequires proof through tests, because believers would be rewarded with honour and exaltation.rewarded with honour and exaltation. To be testedTo be tested means that man is given the potential to bemeans that man is given the potential to be capable for both success as well as failurecapable for both success as well as failure. He. He must not bemust not be compelledcompelled but mustbut must have the free-willhave the free-will andand choicechoice.. 59All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  60. 60. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded withJustice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility ofhonour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.dishonour and debasement. 60All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  61. 61. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded withJustice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility ofhonour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.dishonour and debasement. Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit orMan can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the natureto rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial.of test or trial. 61All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  62. 62. Justice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded withJustice dictates that with possibility to be rewarded with honour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility ofhonour and exaltation, there is equally the possibility of dishonour and debasement.dishonour and debasement. Man can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit orMan can either choose to believe or to reject; to submit or to rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the natureto rebel; to be grateful or be ungrateful. Such is the nature of test or trial.of test or trial. Thus there is the promise of Paradise, as well as there is theThus there is the promise of Paradise, as well as there is the warning of Hell.warning of Hell. 62All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  63. 63. Messenger of Allah‫ﷺ‬ said, "By the One in Whose Hand my soul is, were you not capable of committing sins, Allah would replace you with a people who would be capable of committing sins and then seek forgiveness from Allah; and Allah would forgive them". (Hadith reported by Muslim) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  64. 64. Messenger of Allah‫ﷺ‬ said, "Every son of Adam commits sin, and the best of those who commit sin are those who repent". (Hadith reported by Ibn Majah) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  66. 66. ““ Say: ‘Say: ‘O my servants who have transgressedO my servants who have transgressed against theiragainst their own souls!own souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for AllahDespair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sinsforgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will],Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will], before the Penalty comes on youbefore the Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not be: After that ye shall not be helped.”helped.” ((Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) May Allah grant us, our parents and all our beloved teachers,May Allah grant us, our parents and all our beloved teachers, family and companions, the success (family and companions, the success (TAUFIQTAUFIQ) and the Guidance) and the Guidance ((HIDAAYAHIDAAYA) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and Mercy) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and Mercy ((RAHMAHRAHMAH) and gain His Pleasure () and gain His Pleasure (MARDHA-TILLAHMARDHA-TILLAH).). IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH To be continued ….. INSHA-ALLAH
  68. 68. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 68All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)

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