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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#5(august-2016)-lesson-#1-introduction-to-module-(17-august-2016)

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RESUMING MODULE AFTER BREAK
CONSOLIDATION
Accommodating others
Sharing of our concerns

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#5(august-2016)-lesson-#1-introduction-to-module-(17-august-2016)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 1LESSON # 1 Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) RESUMING MODULE AFTER BREAKRESUMING MODULE AFTER BREAK CONSOLIDATIONCONSOLIDATION Accommodating othersAccommodating others Sharing of our concernsSharing of our concerns Updated 20 AUGUST 2016 PARTPART # 4# 4 (Aug-(Aug-20162016))
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  3. 3. “Believers, when you are told: “(TAFAS-SAHUU) Make room for one another in your assemblies (MAJAALIS),” then make room; Allah will bestow amplitude on you. And when it is said: “(UN-SHU-ZUU) Rise up,” then rise up; (YAR-FA-’ILLAAH) Allah will raise to high ranks those of you who believe (AA-MANU) and are (UU-TUL-’ILM) endowed with knowledge. Allah is well aware of all that you do.” (Qur’an: Mujaadila: 58: 11) Maududi’s translation: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  4. 4. “O YOU who have attained to faith! When you are told, “Make room for one another in your collective life”, do make room: [and in return,] Allah will make room for you [in His grace]. And whenever you are told, “Rise up [for a good deed]”, do rise up; [and] Allah will exalt by [many] degrees those of you who have attained to faith and, [above all,] such as have been vouchsafed [true] knowledge: for Allah is fully aware of all that you do.” (Qur’an: Mujaadila: 58: 11) Muhammad Asad’s translation: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  6. 6. A REMINDER TO MUSLIMS FROM LESSONS ON ISLAMIC “ADAB” 6 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM BEGINNERS’ COURSE PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  7. 7. ROB-BANAA- AN-FA’-NAA -BI-MAA- ‘AL-LAM-TA-NAA O our Lord! Make us to benefit from what You have taught usO our Lord! Make us to benefit from what You have taught us.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  8. 8. ROB-BI –’AL-LIM- NAL- LA-DzI- YAN-FA- ‘UNAROB-BI –’AL-LIM- NAL- LA-DzI- YAN-FA- ‘UNA O Lord! Teach us whatever that is beneficial for us.O Lord! Teach us whatever that is beneficial for us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  9. 9. ““And [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [thisAnd [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [this promise] known: 'If you are grateful [to Me], I shall mostpromise] known: 'If you are grateful [to Me], I shall most certainly give you more and more;certainly give you more and more; but if you are ungratefulbut if you are ungrateful,, verily,verily, My chastisement will be severe indeedMy chastisement will be severe indeed!“’!“’ ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  10. 10. ““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings withAllah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their innerwhich He has graced a people unless they change their inner selvesselves: and [know] that Allah is all-hearing, all-seeing.”: and [know] that Allah is all-hearing, all-seeing.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 53Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  11. 11. ““Among the believers are men who have [always] been trueAmong the believers are men who have [always] been true toto what they have vowed before Allahwhat they have vowed before Allah; and among them are; and among them are such as have [already] redeemed their pledge by death, andsuch as have [already] redeemed their pledge by death, and such as yet await [its fulfilment]such as yet await [its fulfilment] without having changedwithout having changed [their resolve] in the least[their resolve] in the least.”.” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 23Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  12. 12. Participants in this course should have undergone through myParticipants in this course should have undergone through my earlier modules, from –earlier modules, from – BEGINNERS’ COURSEBEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM FORON ISLAM FOR ADULTS… then to theADULTS… then to the INTRODUCTORY COURSESINTRODUCTORY COURSES – (Introduction to– (Introduction to TAUTAUHHEEDEED; Approach to the Study; Approach to the Study FIQHFIQH; Introduction to; Introduction to ‘Ilm-al-‘Ilm-al- AKHLAQ/TasawwufAKHLAQ/Tasawwuf) … then on to The Islamic Concept of) … then on to The Islamic Concept of ADABADAB.. We recognize too that the lesson is held once a week, andWe recognize too that the lesson is held once a week, and participants may not aspire to studyparticipants may not aspire to study FIQHFIQH intensively but ratherintensively but rather adequately (as aadequately (as a Fardhu ’AinFardhu ’Ain requirement).requirement). Also,Also, we should now be manifesting as much of our knowledgewe should now be manifesting as much of our knowledge which have been taught-learnt, into practicewhich have been taught-learnt, into practice ((‘AMAL‘AMAL).). With these consideration, this module is crafted.With these consideration, this module is crafted. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) *Or rather our limited understanding which led to reduce and limit our appreciation of the significance of Islamic teachings.
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  15. 15. When we think of the term ‘FIQH’ we tend to apply what , as commonly understood to be subject regarding Islamic jurisprudence. The original – (in Qur’anic and Ahadith) – usage, the term refers to the “profound understanding of the entire “Deen – al – Islam” LI- YA –TAFAQ-QAHU – FID- DEEN : “ they could devote themselves to FAQQAH-HU (profound learning in) studies in religion (Deen) “ YU-FAQ-QIH-HU FID – DEEN : “He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  17. 17. “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHUU FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil). "? ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  19. 19. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  20. 20. Such a learned scholar of Islam is not to be likened with those academics or intellectuals of today, for they are foremost people who are always striving to connect themselves with Allah SWT and being convinced of the Reality (HAQIQAH) that they are forever (FAQIR -ILALLAAH) in state of poverty before Allah – seeking and beseeching His Mercy (RAHMAH), Generosity (KARAMAH), Subtle Preservation (LATAIF) and hoping to Please Allah (MARDHATILLAH), etc. They are people of Remembrance (AHLUDZ-DZIKR) , the ones who are not easily distracted by the conundrum or hustle-bustle of the worldly life which tend to make many people to forget their true purpose for existing, and the inevitable meeting with their Lord Maker in the Hereafter. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  21. 21. We have to admit that many of us tend to be complacent, satisfied with our being a Muslim, priding ourselves as though we have somewhat contributed (doing a favour) by adding to the numbers of Muslims in the world. This is sheer arrogance if devoid of the realization that it is indeed Allah’s SWT guidance and power that made our being Muslim possible. We should instead work upon our sense of gratitude (SHAKUR) and strive to seek knowledge and understanding to reach to a conviction (YAQEEN) of true believer (MU’-MEEN). This requires, not merely knowing but acting upon – the responding to the teaching of Al-Islam – which permeates every facets of our life. This (our responding) , is the true LIFE – according to Allah SWT. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  23. 23. ““They consider it a favour to you that they haveThey consider it a favour to you that they have accepted Islam. Say, "Do not consider your Islam aaccepted Islam. Say, "Do not consider your Islam a favour to me. Rather, Allah has conferred favour uponfavour to me. Rather, Allah has conferred favour upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you shouldyou that He has guided you to the faith, if you should be truthful."be truthful." ((Qur’an: Hujurat : 49: 7Qur’an: Hujurat : 49: 7)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  25. 25. ““O you who have believed, (O you who have believed, ( ISTAJIBUISTAJIBU) respond to) respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you toAllah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life (that which gives you life (LI-MAA-YULI-MAA-YUHH-YEE-KUM-YEE-KUM).). And know that Allah intervenes between a man andAnd know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.”his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.” ((Qur’an:Anfaal: 8: 24Qur’an:Anfaal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  26. 26. Allah SWT even highlighted one of the most important favour for us to be grateful for, to rejoice, to appreciate its true value and strive in our entire life to celebrate and live up to – i.e. to refer to His sending our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. as the EDUCATOR par excellence. And the nature of EDUCATION of the DEEN is throughout our whole life. Note: It even stipulates the proper approaches – (which alludes to ADAB), and the ultimate attainment is in the learning of the KITAB (Al- Qur’an) and AL-HIKMAH (the Prophetic Wisdom). Although HIKMAH is referring to Sunnah An-Nabawwiyyah, yet the Qur’anic usage of the term AL-HIKMAH must be profoundly understood, not relegated simplistically to be mere learning or quoting of Qur’an, Ahadith and As-Sunnah alone. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  28. 28. ““Certainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the believersCertainly did Allah confer [great] favour upon the believers when He sent among them a Messengerwhen He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from(Muhammad) from among themselves, to (among themselves, to (YAT-LU-’ALAI-HIMYAT-LU-’ALAI-HIM ) rehearse to them) rehearse to them His Signs (His Signs (AS-YAA-TI-HIAS-YAA-TI-HI) , and () , and (YU-ZAK-KEE-HIMYU-ZAK-KEE-HIM) to sanctify) to sanctify them (purify and make them grow), and to (them (purify and make them grow), and to (YU-’AL-LIMU-YU-’AL-LIMU- HUMHUM) instruct them in () instruct them in (AL-KITABAL-KITAB) Scripture and () Scripture and (AL-AL- HIKMAHHIKMAH) Wisdom― although they had been, before, in) Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“manifest error― .“ ((Qur’an:Aali ‘Imran: 3: 164Qur’an:Aali ‘Imran: 3: 164)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  29. 29. ““If anyone (If anyone (YUSHAA-QIQYUSHAA-QIQ) contends with the Messenger) contends with the Messenger even aftereven after guidance has been plainly conveyed to himguidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path, and follows a path other than that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him inother than that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  31. 31. ””The similitude of those who were charged with theThe similitude of those who were charged with the (obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequently(obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequently failed in thosefailed in those (obligations), is that of a donkey which(obligations), is that of a donkey which carries huge tomes (carries huge tomes (but understands them notbut understands them not). Evil is). Evil is the similitude of people who falsify the Signs of Allah:the similitude of people who falsify the Signs of Allah: and Allah guides not people who do wrong.”and Allah guides not people who do wrong.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’at: 62: 5Qur’an: Jumu’at: 62: 5)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  32. 32. Admitting the obvious now? …. When Allah has revealed this over 1400 years ago For the blameworthiness is the ‘absence of understanding’ , for both are but donkeys and what they carry or claiming for themselves, is irrelevant. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  34. 34. A PROPHECY A PROPHECY LIZARD’S HOLE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  35. 35. The Messenger of AllahThe Messenger of Allah said: “You would tread the samesaid: “You would tread the same path (path (SUNANASUNANA) as was trodden by those before you inch by) as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered intoinch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also.the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah's Messenger, do you mean Jews and ChristiansWe said: Allah's Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)" those before you"?(by your words)" those before you"? HeHe said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?said: Who else (than those two religious groups)? ( Hadith reported by Muslim) A PROPHECY A PROPHECY From Abu Sa-’id al-Khudri r.a. :From Abu Sa-’id al-Khudri r.a. : LIZARD’S HOLE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  36. 36. A PROPHECY A PROPHECY KHULAFA’-’ULAMA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  37. 37. ( Hadith reported by Abu Dawud) A PROPHECY A PROPHECY “I counsel you to have TAQWA (fear) of Allah, and to listen and obey [your leader], even if a slave were to become your ‘Ameer. Verily he among you who lives long will see great controversy, so you must keep to my Sunnah and to the Sunnah of the KHULAFA AR-RASHIDEEN (the rightly guided caliphs), MAHDIY-YEEN (those who guide to the right way). Cling to it stubbornly [literally: with your molar teeth]. Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every BID’AH (innovation * ) is misguidance.” * Without any or contrary to basis in Shari’ah KHULAFA’-’ULAMA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LET US ANALYSELET US ANALYSE FROM A RECENT SEM INAR
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) INFANT PRE-SCHOOL Parents may already provide nurturing in accordance with Islamic traditions. Yet although much time spent confined at home, we must also become aware of strong influences through exposures of the mass media and our family lifestyle and parental behavior.
  40. 40. ““Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (FITRAHFITRAH),), It is the parents then who would make him to becomeIt is the parents then who would make him to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.”a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “Educate (nurture with ADAB – ‘addibu ’) your children upon three things: To Love your Prophet , and to love the Family members of his household (Aa-li Muhammad), and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith of the Prophet narrated by Tabrani)
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““There is no gift (that you can give) to your childrenThere is no gift (that you can give) to your children better than (instilling in them) the goodbetter than (instilling in them) the good ADABADAB.”.” ((Hadith of the ProphetHadith of the Prophet reported by Tirmidzireported by Tirmidzi ))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Although some basic knowledge of Islam may have been provided, yet when they sent the children to formal school, stress towards “academic excellence” only and tend to neglect the “Aqeedah-mic” element in their education which must continuously be complimented in tandem with their development while in and throughout their schooling age. SCHOOLING PERIOD EXPOSURE TO TODAY’S “TEENS SUB-CULTURE”
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) With lesser contact-time at home, and inadequate mentoring & monitoring Islamically by parents, their education becomes “secularized”; children may be left to peers and media influences. Islamic values may began to be subsumed by negative trends and sub- cultures opposed to Islam. Some may begin to have doubts about Islam or even lose their Muslim identity. FURTHER EXPOSURE TO TODAY’S “TEENS SUB-CULTURE”
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) At this level, our young may become more independent (less attached to family influence); their idealism may lead them to ‘try out’, to adapt and adopt values alien to Islam itself. Serious crisis of identity usually occur at this stage – usually when they become ‘worldly-wise’ but unfortunately their knowledge of Islam stagnates at “kindergarten or primary” level. COLLEGE & VARSITY – NATIONAL SERVICE / TASTE OF WORKING LIFE
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Is part-time IslamicIs part-time Islamic classes adequate?classes adequate? No, if approach to learning Islam merely as subjects to be learnt rather than a lifestyle and character building. No, if parents merely delegate tasks to teachers without they themselves participating in child’s holistic development, and providing good role models.
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Is part-time IslamicIs part-time Islamic classes adequate?classes adequate? No, when learning does not conform to its systematic ways according to tradition – fardh ‘ayn before kifaayah; and to begin with eclectic before specialization No, when their identity as Muslims allowed to be eroded by other values and “idols” as role models.”
  48. 48. Is Islamic educationIs Islamic education achieved by integratingachieved by integrating knowledge?knowledge? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Mere integration (formal school with Islamic class) does not make it an Islamic education.
  49. 49. Is Islamic educationIs Islamic education achieved by integratingachieved by integrating knowledge?knowledge? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) It is only when the dominant worldview, approach and philosophy for their education is that of Islam; and the conscious objective is of moulding an Islamic identity becomes the primary concern.
  50. 50. Is Islamic educationIs Islamic education achieved by integratingachieved by integrating knowledge?knowledge? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) That it must proactively equip them to discern between ‘haqq’ (truth) and ‘baatil’ (falsehood); between ‘hasanat’ (goodness) and ‘sai-yi’at’ (evil) etc. when learning from other systems.
  51. 51. Is Islamic educationIs Islamic education achieved by integratingachieved by integrating knowledge?knowledge? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) That the three primary ‘TAUHEEDIC’ development of iiman, ‘amal and ihsan (paradigm) continues to be nurtured. WHAT IS THISWHAT IS THIS TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGM?EEDIC PARADIGM?
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK Let us assume our ‘heart-mind’ QALB is like a vessel with a small opening which is capable of acquiring ‘knowledge’ albeit one and a time. Like a marble, we begin to acquire one marble at a time, information or ‘knowledge’ throughout our life, filling the jar with them
  53. 53. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK Like a marble, we begin to acquire one marble at a time, information or ‘knowledge’ throughout our life, filling the jar with them
  54. 54. Now that we have a lot of marbles, we assume we have ‘knowledge’ – quite oblivious to the ADAB in which it was taught or supposed to have been acquired. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK
  55. 55. It is when we want teach or share our ‘knowledge’ – i.e. take out the marbles – for other people, our sharing with them about Islam, that we realise a problem: “which marble first? In what order? How much? .. priority? Etc.“ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK ? THIS REQUIRE OUR KNOWING ALSO THE ‘ADAB’ NOT MERE ILLUSION OF HAVING ‘KNOWLEDGE’
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) FOR THOSE WHO THINK A parable ““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofgoing out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm‘ilm (knowledge)”(knowledge)” (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)(Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) WHICH REMOVES THE ISLAMIC FOUNDATIONAL ECCLECTIC APPROACH TO MUSLIMS’ EDUCATION ““AN-NASEEHAH”AN-NASEEHAH” Sincere advice FOR THOSE WHO THINK
  58. 58.  ENSURE OUR AIM, PURPOSE OF SEEKING KNOWLEDGE IS CORRECT (ADAB); AND  SINCERITY IN OUR INTENTION (NIYYAT) DEDICATED TO GAIN NEARNESS OF ALLAH.  THIS THEN BECOMES AN ACT OF WORSHIP (‘IBAADAH). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““When peopleWhen people TATRUKUTATRUKU - leave (- leave (set asideset aside) the affairs) the affairs of theirof their DEENDEEN – religion, because of their– religion, because of their concern inconcern in improving their worldly mattersimproving their worldly matters, then Allah will open, then Allah will open upon them much danger (harm).”upon them much danger (harm).” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) W AR N IN G
  60. 60. “Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” (Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) W AR N IN G
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) Every tree begun from a seed, and wouldEvery tree begun from a seed, and would grow in stages – from seedling into a plantgrow in stages – from seedling into a plant which from its onset develops severalwhich from its onset develops several important crucial components viz. Its roots,important crucial components viz. Its roots, its stems which then grow into trunk andits stems which then grow into trunk and branches, its barks and leaves etc.branches, its barks and leaves etc. All of these has to be nurtured and let toAll of these has to be nurtured and let to grow in tandem – as and when conditionsgrow in tandem – as and when conditions permits.permits. If any of these is neglected, or process forIf any of these is neglected, or process for their growth stymied to only allow onetheir growth stymied to only allow one component to be fully developed withoutcomponent to be fully developed without these others – then the tree may be harmed.these others – then the tree may be harmed.
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  63. 63. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct COGNITIVE PSYCHOMOTOR AFFECTIVE Compare with the three domains of Learning – contemporary theories in education - regarding the Taxonomies of :  [  re: Benjamin Bloom, All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))  David Krathwohl, Anita Harrow ]
  64. 64. • Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience withoutFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. • Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness withTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serveIHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.Allah s.w.t. • Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in hisThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). ALL THREE ASPECTS ARE TO BE DEVELOPED IN TANDEM ACCORDINGLY WITHOUT FOCUSING AT SPECIALIZATION UNTIL AT LATER STAGE WHEN ESSENTIAL BASIC KNOWLEDGE ARE WELL ESTABLISHED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  65. 65. ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved? ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  66. 66. ‘ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved? ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARYRELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE:KNOWLEDGE: Languages, Logic & philosophy,Languages, Logic & philosophy, Epistemology, Biology, Botany,Epistemology, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, Physical sciences,Chemistry, Physical sciences, Astronomy, Geology, History,Astronomy, Geology, History, Anthropology, Marine & Space,Anthropology, Marine & Space, Etc.Etc. TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  67. 67. ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  68. 68. ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. BROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQHBROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQH ‘‘ibadahibadah (personal devotion / worship)(personal devotion / worship) MuamalahMuamalah (social transaction)(social transaction) MunakahahMunakahah (Marriage & family)(Marriage & family) Irth / fara’idIrth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth)(Distribution of wealth) JinayahJinayah (crimes & punishment)(crimes & punishment) Qodha’iyahQodha’iyah (judiciary)(judiciary) jihad / Da’wahjihad / Da’wah (struggle in war & peace)(struggle in war & peace) imarahimarah (Leadership/government)(Leadership/government) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM
  69. 69. ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE:RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: All applied sciences, technologyAll applied sciences, technology and skills, knowledge of economics, politics,and skills, knowledge of economics, politics, social & administrativesocial & administrative sciences etc. that can assist in thesciences etc. that can assist in the fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace,fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace, harmony, prosperity, physicalharmony, prosperity, physical with moral progress, and the well-beingwith moral progress, and the well-being of Man & society, etc.of Man & society, etc. TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  70. 70. ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  71. 71. ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE:RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: This aspect of development requiresThis aspect of development requires practical behaviour, the aspect of beingpractical behaviour, the aspect of being and becoming. Its area of developmentand becoming. Its area of development is the inner Self, the ‘human psyche’ oris the inner Self, the ‘human psyche’ or the state of the Soul reflected in histhe state of the Soul reflected in his Disposition (Disposition (AkhlaqAkhlaq). Therefore, the close). Therefore, the close equivalent may perhaps be ‘human’ psychology,equivalent may perhaps be ‘human’ psychology, behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc.behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc. TAUTAUHHEEDIC PARADIGMEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) SHAKUR Gratefulness
  73. 73. “ And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. He gives wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding (ULUL-AL-BAA-B).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 268-269) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) As in the famous Hadith of Jibra’il a.s. from which our basic beginners (FARDHU ‘AIN ) course curriculum was based on, I would like to propose for this module on “TAFAQQUH” this time to deeply reflect upon each of the key aspects (terms) our Prophet Muhammad used in this (chosen) Hadith and then elucidate their significance and wisdom beautifully regarding Islamic teachings as a total way of life (AD-DEEN). I believe in the consistency of our Prophet’s advice, which seminally contain gems which are in fact beautifully elaborated upon in the rest of the other teachings of Islam. This brings up the wisdom (AL-HIKMAH). “… and teaching them the Book and Wisdom”-(Q: 62:2)
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) "I have been sent with JAWAMI’ AL-KALEEM (i.e., the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings), and I was made victorious with awe (fear cast into the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the earth were brought to me and were put in my hand." (Hadith reported by Bukhary)
  76. 76. JAWAMI'-AL-KALEEM means (“comprehensive speech”) that Allah SWT has granted the Prophet ability to speak in the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings; expressions in one or two statements or thereabouts the numerous matters that used to be written in the books revealed before him. This epitomizes the Wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) granted to our Prophet Muhammad . In this module we shall try to reflect upon the significance as in just one Hadith – the Prophet Muhammad’s advice to a Sahaabiy Abu Dzar al-Ghifari r.a., which we hope Allah SWT will grant us profound understanding of the DEEN – insha-Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  77. 77. IMAM ABU HAMID AL-GHAZALIE (R.A.) AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice IDZAL – MAR – U – KAA - NAT - LAHU – FIK –RAH FA – FEE - KUL – LI – SHAY- IN – LA – HU – ‘IB - RAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  78. 78. Hadith extracted from: ‘NASA-IHU AL-’IBAAD ‘ALAA SHARHI AL- MUNABBIHAT ‘ALA AL-ISTI’DAD LI-YAUMI AL-MA-’AD’ Sheikh Imam Muhammad Nawawi bin Umar al-Jawi al-Bantani famous Nusantaran scholar and Imam in Makkah (1813-1897) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  79. 79. YAA ABAA- DZAR! JAD-DI-DIS-SA-FEE-NATI – FA-IN-NAL-BAH-RAL – ‘A-MEE-Q WA-KHU –DHIZ – ZAA-DA – KAA-MI-LA - FA-IN-NAS - SAFARA – BA-’EE-D WA-KHAF- FI – FIL – HAM-LA – FA –IN-NAL – ‘A-QOBA-TA – KA-UU-D WA – AKH-LI – SWIL – ‘A-MALA – FA-IN-NAN- NAA-QI-DA – BA-SWEE-R AN-NAASEEHAH The Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) THE HADITH
  80. 80. O Aba Dzar! Renew the ship, for verily the ocean is deep, And take complete provision, for verily the journey is far, And lighten the load, for verily the obstacles are almost insurmountable, And be sincere in your deeds, for verily the scrutinizer of faults is The Seeing (Allah). AN-NAASEEHAH The Sincere Advice INSHA-ALLAH – to be continuedAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) THE HADITH

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