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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#6 e-responding-islamaphobia-regardg-islamic-law-(16-may-2015)

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#6 e-responding-islamaphobia-regardg-islamic-law-(16-may-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 6 eLESSON # 6 e Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) Daily application of FIQHDaily application of FIQH CONTEMPORARY DA’WAH ISSUECONTEMPORARY DA’WAH ISSUE RESPONDING TO ISLAMAPHOBIARESPONDING TO ISLAMAPHOBIA [1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ Law [3] Female ‘discrimination’[1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ Law [3] Female ‘discrimination’ (a continuation)(a continuation) Updated 16 MAY 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 ((20152015))
  2. 2. SHORT CLASS OPEN DISCUSSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. Break into 3 groups (male), 3 group (female) Each side, a group to choose one topic from the 3 listed (specifically to prepare write-up): [1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ law [3] Female ‘discrimination’  DISCUSS AND PREPARE REBUTTAL AGAINST THESE MISCONCEPTIONS – (one topic will be chosen to be presented in class – and commented) Guidelines: 1. Utilize your knowledge to first derive understanding of the cause of the misconception; nature of the problem (CONTEXT) 2. Clarify with basis, the Islamic position regarding the issue discussed; its principles, raisons d'être, wisdom etc. (MAQASID) 3. Present response from perspective of Islam providing the best solution to current problem (MAU-IZA-TIL-HASANAH)
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
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  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? Partial or complete? What is the context? Consistency or with possible discrepancy CHECK ARGUMENT USED Fallacious arguments? Alien standard used? Relevance? AN-NASEEHAH – Sincere Advice : How to dispel misconceptions? By correcting these inherent flaws, the picture will become clearer, false arguments refuted and INSHA-ALLAH the misconceptions will be removed.
  8. 8. CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  It is important to check the ‘data’ or ‘facts’ which usually is being presented as though representing Islam which has led to the misconception.  Opinions or interpretations (which they use to fault Islam) are usually opinions, customs or practices of certain Muslims which may not necessarily be authoritative to represent that of Islam.  Even purported Hadith quoted sometimes may be unverified or worst, from that which has been rejected (MAR-DUD) categories viz. ‘fabricated’ (MAUDHU’) or ‘weak’ (DHA-IF) , unknown (MAJ-HUL)etc.
  9. 9. CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Even among difference of opinions (IKHTILAF) regarding a certain subject amongst Islamic scholars, those who try to attack Islam would nit-pick and select only the ‘odd’ (SHADZ) or controversial views of past Islamic scholars which had already been criticized and refuted, while purposely ignoring to highlight and present the conclusive opinions already agreed to by consensus of Islamic scholars (RAJIH).
  10. 10. Partial or complete? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Another deceptive method which led misconception is when the information or data presented is incomplete or partial – ‘cherry picking’- which thus projected a false image of what Islam is.  Quotations even from Qur’an sometimes are partially presented as though that was all there is. Those who do not understand the Qur’anic sciences (ULUM-AL-QUR’AN), usually attempt at trying to interpret its teaching by such selective (nit-picking) hoping that people believe their assertion – totally disregarding issue of ‘NASAKH- MANSUKH’; ‘TAFASEER’; ‘ASBAAB-AN-NUZUL’ etc.
  11. 11. What is the context? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Sometimes, a data or information or statistics etc. has been taken out of its context, such that a selective ‘interpretation’ (different from what it was originally meant) is then mischievously asserted.  Although the information, example a quotation may be correct yet its true intending meaning is purposely suppressed so that it still remains ambiguous needing ‘interpretation’ designed to put Islam in a bad light. Only by knowing the context of the quotation can we know what was intended, thereby exposing the purported ‘flaw’.
  12. 12. Consistency or with possible discrepancy? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Sometimes a ‘fact’ may be inconsistently applied to suit their suggestion of defects or negativity about Islam. Whereas in other times the same ‘fact’ has been used which suggest positivity. Example: “In the Qur’an, preserving life is so sacred that ‘to kill a person without justification is like killing all mankind” In the Qur’an Muslims are instructed to ‘kill all the unbelievers wherever they can be found.’”
  13. 13. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Fallacious arguments? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Fallacies are defined “as mistakes in belief based on an unsound argument”. DEFINITION:  There are many different types of such mistakes that can occur. The following are common types – examples of fallacies, just to give you an idea.
  14. 14. Types of Fallacious arguments  Appeal to Ignorance  An appeal to ignorance occurs when one person uses another person’s lack of knowledge on a particular subject as evidence that their own argument is correct. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Example: “Do you know any Hadith or verses from Qur’an that contradict my opinion on this? So far from my extensive reading and research on Islam, I have never come across any.”
  15. 15.  Appeal to Authority This type of fallacy is also referred to as argumentum ab auctoritate (argument from authority). In this case, rather than focusing on the merits of an argument, the arguer will try to attach their argument to a person of authority in an attempt to give credence to their argument. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “MUIS and the Mufti did has not objected to this, so who are you to say that this is ‘Haram’ (forbidden)?”
  16. 16.  Appeal to Popular Opinion This type of appeal is when someone claims that an idea or belief is true simply because it is what most people believe. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “Don’t be a fanatic fundamentalist ! All my Muslim friends, comrades and colleagues are not so strict about observing Islamic rules, so why are you Muslims now so strict?”
  17. 17.  Red herring fallacies A red herring fallacy is an error in logic where a proposition is, or is intended to be, misleading in order to make irrelevant or false inferences. In the general case any logical inference based on fake arguments, intended to replace the lack of real arguments or to replace implicitly the subject of the discussion. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments
  18. 18.  Attacking the Person One example of a ‘red herring’ type fallacy, also known as simply ‘Ad Hominem’ or Argumentum ad Hominem (argument against the man) this is quite a common occurrence in debates and refers to a person who substitutes a rebuttal with a personal insult. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “Although he argues his case well, but he was rude and confrontational and projected very bad Adab.”
  19. 19.  Begging the Question This type of fallacy known as ‘petitio principii ‘ is when what is essentially the conclusion of the argument is presented as a premise itself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “The reason (of our policy) why female Muslim nurses must remove their ‘Tudung’ (head scarf -Hijab) is because it is our hospital policy.”
  20. 20.  Circular Argument Like “Begging the question”, this is referred to as Circulus in Probando, this fallacy is when an argument takes its proof from a factor within the argument itself in a round about reasoning, which begins and ends on the same point . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : Q: How do you know that your doctrine is true? A: Because it is written in this Book! …..
  21. 21.  Circular Argument All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Q: What makes you believe that that Book is truly from God? A: Because I have faith in it! Q: How do you get that faith? A: Because I read that (same) Book! Q: But how do you know that that Book is truly from God!? A: Because I have faith! Q: But how do you get that faith? A: I read the Book!!……?
  22. 22.  ‘Straw man’ Argument It is when someone presenting the other person’s view dishonestly (in an argument) through distortion by adding untruth and lie, suggesting it to be so in a subtle way that it resembles the view, and then go on to demolished that implied ‘weakness’ in the other person’s view (which he in fact had added). What he is attacking is in fact a “straw man” which he himself had created, not the other person’s view. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments
  23. 23.  ‘Correlation Implies Causation’ Fallacy Otherwise known as Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc, this is a fallacy in which the person making the argument connects two events which happen sequentially and assumes that one caused the other. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “When the rooster crows, the sun rises. Therefore, the rooster causes the sun to rise.”
  24. 24.  False Dilemma/Dichotomy Sometimes referred to as Bifurcation, this type of fallacy occurs when someone presents their argument in such a way that there are only two possible options. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “If you are not supporting us, then you must be against us.” “We are not discriminating against Muslims studying here. Parents who wish to sent their girls in our schools must have their ‘Tudung’ removed. If they refuse, it is they who is depriving their child from benefiting from our school system.”
  25. 25.  Non Sequitur A fallacy wherein someone asserts a conclusion that does not follow from the propositions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “ I don't care what you say. We don't need any more bookshelves. As long as the carpet is clean, we are fine.”
  26. 26.  Slippery Slope Assuming that a very small action will inevitably lead to extreme and often ludicrous outcomes. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments And many more …. Example: “ If we allow Muslims girls to wear the ‘Tudung’ in our schools, what else are they going to ten request from us ? Also it will invite other religious groups to make their demands on religious grounds too.”
  27. 27. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Alien standard used? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Today, many values and standards conveniently accepted by people (especially the liberal West and mainstream media) are assumed to be ‘universal’ and they insist must be used to judge Al-Islam.  Whereas Islam and many traditional religions held differing values with its own rationale, philosophy and arguments, but the humanist- secularist blatantly ignored and suppress from the masses.  Thus when any teachings which are opposed to their standards and value, they will be seen as wrong or evil whereas firstly, are these alien standards they held correct? They have to be checked first.
  28. 28. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Relevance? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  So, we have to always be mindful of the relevance in their use o arguments, their cherry-picking of so-called ‘facts’ of ‘evidence’ or ‘teachings’ etc.  Sometimes these are deceptively design to deflect us from the issue at hand. When they are unable to respond to our exposure of their erroneous assertion, they would then try to cause confusion by introducing irrelevant issues sometime interjected like bullets hoping that it would silence us. So we have to be alert, sharp and patient in exposing these – with trust in Allah SWT as our Helper and protector.
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REQUIRED ANALYSIS
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REQUIRED ANALYSIS
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Refutation - response
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Refutation - response
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Surely Allah enjoins justice (‘Surely Allah enjoins justice (‘ADLADL ) , kindness () , kindness (IIHHSANSAN) and the) and the doing of good to kith and kin (doing of good to kith and kin (ITAA-I-DZI-QURBAITAA-I-DZI-QURBA), and forbids), and forbids ((YAN-HAAYAN-HAA) all that is shameful () all that is shameful (FAKH-SHAFAKH-SHA), evil (), evil (MUUNKARMUUNKAR) and) and oppressive (oppressive (BAGHYIBAGHYI). He exhorts you so that you may be). He exhorts you so that you may be mindful. ”mindful. ” ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 90Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 90))
  36. 36. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution (AL-QISAS) for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. And there is for you in (AL-QISAS) legal retribution [saving of] life, O you [people] of understanding, that you may become righteous.” (Qur’an: Baqarah : 2: 178)
  38. 38. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye forAnd We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for aan eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution.tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever givesBut whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him[up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then itwhoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers (is those who are the wrongdoers (ZOLIMUUNZOLIMUUN).”).” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 45Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 45))
  40. 40. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “who, when a wrong is done to them, seek its redress. The recompense of evil is evil the like of it. But he who forgives and makes amends, his reward lies with Allah. Surely He does not love the wrong-doers. ” (Qur’an: Ash-Shura: 42: 39-40)
  41. 41. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, andAllah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those of knowledge - [that He is][so do] the angels and those of knowledge - [that He is] maintaining [creation] in justice (maintaining [creation] in justice (QISTwQISTw). There is no). There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise."deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 18Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 18))
  42. 42. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““YOU who have attained to faith! (QAW-WAA-MEE-NA) Be ever steadfast in your devotion to Allah, bearing witness to the truth in all equity (BIL-QISTW); and never let hatred of any-one lead you into the sin of deviating from justice (‘ADL). (I’-DILUU) Be just: this is closest to being God-conscious (TAQWA). And remain conscious of Allah: verily, Allah is aware of all that you do."." ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 8Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 8))
  44. 44. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ Those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger, and go about the earth spreading mischief -indeed their recompense is that they either be done to death, or be crucified, or have their hands and feet cut off from the opposite sides or be banished from the land. Such shall be their degradation in this world; and a mighty chastisement lies in store for them in the World to Come except for those who repent before you have overpowered them. Know well that Allah is All-Forgiving, All-Compassionate.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 33-34)
  46. 46. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) O YOU who have attained to faith! Intoxicants, and games of chance, and idolatrous practices, and the divining of the future are but a loathsome evil of Satan's doing:' shun it, then, so that you might attain to a happy state! By means of intoxicants and games of chance Satan seeks only to sow enmity and hatred among you, and to turn you away from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you not, then, desist?' (Qur’an: Maa-idah : 5: 90-91)
  48. 48. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) And a faction of the People of the Scripture say [to each other], "Believe in that which was revealed to the believers at the beginning of the day and reject it at its end that perhaps they will abandon their religion,” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 72)
  49. 49. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “A party of the People of the Scripture, the Jews, say, to some among them, ‘Believe in what has been revealed to those who believe, that is, the Qur’ān, at the beginning of the day, and disbelieve, in it, at the end of it, so that they, the believers, might then turn back, from his [Muhammad’s] religion, and that they [the believers] will then say: these [Jews] are knowledgeable and they could only have turned away from it after accepting it because they know it to be false.” Tafsir al-Jala-layn (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 72)
  50. 50.  (And a party of the People of the Scripture say: Believe in that which hath been revealed unto those who believe…) [3:72].  Al-Hasan and al-Suddi said: “Twelve rabbis from the Jews of Khaybar and the town of ‘Uraynah conspired with each other, saying: ‘Pretend to join the religion of Muhammad at the beginning of the day and declare your disbelief in it at the end of the day. Say: ‘We have looked in our Scriptures and consulted our scholars and found that Muhammad is not genuine; it is clear to us now that he is lying and that his religion is false’. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi
  51. 51.  If you do this, his Companions will doubt their religion. They will say: these are people of the Book and they are more knowledgeable than us. They will then abandon their religion and embrace yours’.  And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse, thus informing His Prophet Muhammad, Allah bless him and give him peace, and the rest of the believers”.  Mujahid, Muqatil and al-Kalbi said: “This was revealed regarding the qiblah when it was changed toward the Ka‘bah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi
  52. 52.  The Jews found it hard to accept that they were opposed, and so Ka‘b ibn al-Ashraf and his companions said: ‘Believe in that which was revealed to Muhammad regarding the matter of the Ka‘bah, pray toward it at the beginning of the day and then disbelieve in the Ka‘bah and return toward your qiblah at the end of the day.  They might then say: these are people of the Book and they know better than us. They might then return to our qiblah’.  Allah, exalted is He, warned His Prophet from the scheming of these people and informed him about what they were conspiring; He revealed (And a party of the People of the Scripture say…)”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi
  53. 53. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) NEXT PRESENTATION / DISCUSSION – INSHA-ALLAH

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