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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#6 d-responding-islamaphobia-regardg-islamic-law-(9-may-2015)

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#6 d-responding-islamaphobia-regardg-islamic-law-(9-may-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 6 dLESSON # 6 d Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) Daily application of FIQHDaily application of FIQH CONTEMPORARY DA’WAH ISSUECONTEMPORARY DA’WAH ISSUE RESPONDING TO ISLAMAPHOBIARESPONDING TO ISLAMAPHOBIA [1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ Law [3] Female ‘discrimination’[1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ Law [3] Female ‘discrimination’ (a continuation)(a continuation) Updated 9 MAY 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 ((20152015))
  2. 2. SHORT CLASS OPEN DISCUSSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. Break into 3 groups (male), 3 group (female) Each side, a group to choose one topic from the 3 listed (specifically to prepare write-up): [1] Marital ‘rape’ [2] ‘Barbaric’ law [3] Female ‘discrimination’  DISCUSS AND PREPARE REBUTTAL AGAINST THESE MISCONCEPTIONS – (one topic will be chosen to be presented in class – and commented) Guidelines: 1. Utilize your knowledge to first derive understanding of the cause of the misconception; nature of the problem (CONTEXT) 2. Clarify with basis, the Islamic position regarding the issue discussed; its principles, raisons d'être, wisdom etc. (MAQASID) 3. Present response from perspective of Islam providing the best solution to current problem (MAU-IZA-TIL-HASANAH)
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  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? Partial or complete? What is the context? Consistency or with possible discrepancy CHECK ARGUMENT USED Fallacious arguments? Alien standard used? Relevance? AN-NASEEHAH – Sincere Advice : How to dispel misconceptions? By correcting these inherent flaws, the picture will become clearer, false arguments refuted and INSHA-ALLAH the misconceptions will be removed.
  8. 8. CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  It is important to check the ‘data’ or ‘facts’ which usually is being presented as though representing Islam which has led to the misconception.  Opinions or interpretations (which they use to fault Islam) are usually opinions, customs or practices of certain Muslims which may not necessarily be authoritative to represent that of Islam.  Even purported Hadith quoted sometimes may be unverified or worst, from that which has been rejected (MAR-DUD) categories viz. ‘fabricated’ (MAUDHU’) or ‘weak’ (DHA-IF) , unknown (MAJ-HUL)etc.
  9. 9. CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED Source and veracity? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Even among difference of opinions (IKHTILAF) regarding a certain subject amongst Islamic scholars, those who try to attack Islam would nit-pick and select only the ‘odd’ (SHADZ) or controversial views of past Islamic scholars which had already been criticized and refuted, while purposely ignoring to highlight and present the conclusive opinions already agreed to by consensus of Islamic scholars (RAJIH).
  10. 10. Partial or complete? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Another deceptive method which led to misconception is when the information or data presented is incomplete or partial – ‘cherry picking’- which thus projected a false image of what Islam is.  Quotations even from Qur’an sometimes are partially presented as though that was all there is. Those who do not understand the Qur’anic sciences (ULUM-AL-QUR’AN), usually attempt at trying to interpret its teaching by such selective (nit-picking) hoping that people believe their assertion – totally disregarding issue of ‘NASAKH- MANSUKH’; ‘TAFASEER’; ‘ASBAAB-AN-NUZUL’ etc.
  11. 11. What is the context? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Sometimes, a data or information or statistics etc. has been taken out of its context, such that a selective ‘interpretation’ (different from what it was originally meant) is then mischievously asserted.  Although the information, example a quotation may be correct yet its true intending meaning is purposely suppressed so that it still remains ambiguous needing ‘interpretation’ designed to put Islam in a bad light. Only by knowing the context of the quotation can we know what was intended, thereby exposing the purported ‘flaw’.
  12. 12. Consistency or with possible discrepancy? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) CHECK THE ‘FACTS-DATA’ PRESENTED  Sometimes a ‘fact’ may be inconsistently applied to suit their suggestion of defects or negativity about Islam. Whereas in other times the same ‘fact’ has been used which suggest positivity. Example: “In the Qur’an, preserving life is so sacred that ‘to kill a person without justification is like killing all mankind” In the Qur’an Muslims are instructed to ‘kill all the unbelievers wherever they can be found.’”
  13. 13. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Fallacious arguments? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Fallacies are defined “as mistakes in belief based on an unsound argument”. DEFINITION:  There are many different types of such mistakes that can occur. The following are common types – examples of fallacies, just to give you an idea.
  14. 14. Types of Fallacious arguments  Appeal to Ignorance  An appeal to ignorance occurs when one person uses another person’s lack of knowledge on a particular subject as evidence that their own argument is correct. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Example: “Do you know any Hadith or verses from Qur’an that contradict my opinion on this? So far from my extensive reading and research on Islam, I have never come across any.”
  15. 15.  Appeal to Authority This type of fallacy is also referred to as argumentum ab auctoritate (argument from authority). In this case, rather than focusing on the merits of an argument, the arguer will try to attach their argument to a person of authority in an attempt to give credence to their argument. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “MUIS and the Mufti has not objected to this, so who are you to say that this is ‘Haram’ (forbidden)?”
  16. 16.  Appeal to Popular Opinion This type of appeal is when someone claims that an idea or belief is true simply because it is what most people believe. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “Don’t be a fanatic fundamentalist ! All my Muslim friends, comrades and colleagues are not so strict about observing Islamic rules, so why are you Muslims now so strict?”
  17. 17.  Red herring fallacies  A red herring fallacy is an error in logic where a proposition is, or is intended to be, misleading in order to make irrelevant or false inferences. In the general case any logical inference based on fake arguments, intended to replace the lack of real arguments or to replace implicitly the subject of the discussion. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments
  18. 18.  Attacking the Person  One example of a ‘red herring’ type fallacy, also known as simply ‘Ad Hominem’ or Argumentum ad Hominem (argument against the man) this is quite a common occurrence in debates and refers to a person who substitutes a rebuttal with a personal insult. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “Although he argues his case well, but he was rude and  confrontational and projected very bad Adab.”
  19. 19.  Begging the Question This type of fallacy known as ‘petitio principii ‘ is when what is essentially the conclusion of the argument is presented as a premise itself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : “The reason (of our policy) why female Muslim nurses must remove  their ‘Tudung’ (head scarf -Hijab) is because it is our hospital policy.”
  20. 20.  Circular Argument Like “Begging the question”, this is referred to as Circulus in  Probando, this fallacy is when an argument takes its proof from a factor within the argument itself in a round about reasoning, which begins and ends on the same point . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example : Q: How do you know that your doctrine is true? A: Because it is written in this Book! …..
  21. 21.  Circular Argument All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Q: What makes you believe that that Book is truly from God? A: Because I have faith in it! Q: How do you get that faith? A: Because I read that (same) Book! Q: But how do you know that that Book is truly from God!? A: Because I have faith! Q: But how do you get that faith? A: I read the Book!!……?
  22. 22.  ‘Straw man’ Argument It is when someone presenting the other person’s view dishonestly (in an argument) through distortion by adding untruth and lie, suggesting it to be so in a subtle way that it resembles the view, and then go on to demolished that implied ‘weakness’ in the other person’s view (which he in fact had added). What he is attacking is in fact a “straw man” which he himself had created, not the other person’s view. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments
  23. 23.  ‘Correlation Implies Causation’ Fallacy  Otherwise known as Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc, this is a fallacy in which the person making the argument connects two events which happen sequentially and assumes that one caused the other. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “When the rooster crows, the sun rises.  Therefore, the rooster  causes the sun to rise.”
  24. 24.  False Dilemma/Dichotomy  Sometimes referred to as Bifurcation, this type of fallacy occurs when someone presents their argument in such a way that there are only two possible options. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “If you are not supporting us, then you must be against us.” “We are not discriminating against Muslims studying here. Parents who  wish to send their girls to our schools must have their ‘Tudung’ removed. If  they refuse they will be expelled, it is they who is depriving their child from  benefiting from our school system.” 
  25. 25.  Non Sequitur   A fallacy wherein someone asserts a conclusion that does not follow from the propositions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments Example: “ I don't care what you say.  We don't need any more bookshelves.  As  long as the carpet is clean, we are fine.”
  26. 26.  Slippery Slope   Assuming that a very small action will inevitably lead to extreme and often ludicrous outcomes. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Types of Fallacious arguments And many more …. Example: “ If we allow Muslims girls to wear the ‘Tudung’ in our schools, what  else in future are they  going to then request from us ? Also it will  invite other religious groups to make their demands on religious  grounds too.”
  27. 27. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Alien standard used? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))    Today, many values and standards conveniently accepted by people (especially the liberal West and mainstream media) are assumed to be ‘universal’ and they insist must be used to judge Al-Islam.  Whereas Islam and many traditional religions held differing values with its own rationale, philosophy and arguments, but the humanist- secularist blatantly ignored and suppress from the masses.  Thus when any teachings which are opposed to their standards and value, they will be seen as wrong or evil whereas firstly, are these alien standards they held correct? They have to be checked first.
  28. 28. CHECK THE ARGUMENT OR REASONING USED Relevance? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))    So, we have to always be mindful of the relevance in their use of arguments, their cherry-picking of so-called ‘facts’ of ‘evidence’ or ‘teachings’ etc.  Sometimes these are deceptively design to deflect us from the issue at hand. When they are unable to respond to our exposure of their erroneous assertion, they would then try to cause confusion by introducing irrelevant issues sometime interjected like bullets hoping that it would silence us. So we have to be alert, sharp and patient in exposing these – with trust in Allah SWT as our Helper and protector.
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) TOPIC S : GROUP ASSIGNMENT FOR CLASS PRESENTATION
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) TOPIC S : GROUP ASSIGNMENT FOR CLASS PRESENTATION
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) TOPIC S : GROUP ASSIGNMENT FOR CLASS PRESENTATION

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