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UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) 
Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English 
Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Isma...
From the previous classes, you would have been familiar with 
the methodology of studying fiqh in Islam, especially on the...
IINN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, 
MMOOSSTT 
CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, 
MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL 
BBAASSIISS 
WA ...
 GGhhuussll’’ ((ttoottaall aabblluuttiioonn)) mmeeaannss –– ccoonnddiittiioonnaall ttoottaall wwaasshhiinngg ooff 
tthhee...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
[1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm) 
 Abu Sa’eed r.a. reported that he heard : 
The Messenger of All...
[1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm) 
 Umm Salamah r.a. reported that: 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkef...
[1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm) 
 Umm Salamah r.a. reported that: 
“Umm Sulaim said, O Messenger...
[2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse) 
 Abu Hurairah r.a. narrated that : 
All Rights Reserved © ...
[2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse) 
 Abu Hurairah r.a. narrated that : 
The Prophet s.a.a.w. s...
[2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse) 
 A’isha r.a. narrated that the Prophet s.a.a.w. said : 
“I...
[2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse) 
 Commenting on the above verse“… and if you are in (JUNUBA...
[2] Women: menstruation (HAIDH ); post-natal bleeding (NIFAS ) 
And they ask you about menstruation, say “it is a discomfo...
[2] Women: menstruation (HAIDH); post-natal bleeding (NIFAS) 
 The Prophet s.a.a.w. spoke to Fatimah binte Abi Hubeish r....
NOTE: 
 If the menstruation (which usually takes about 6-7 days to 
complete) becomes irregularly prolonged (i.e. longer ...
[3] Death 
 Based on the ijma’ (consensus of the scholars), it is 
obligatory to bathe the dead Muslim. 
 Exception is f...
[4] Conversion to Islam 
 From a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah r.a. regarding the conversion of 
Thumamah al-Hanafi r.a...
[4] Conversion to Islam 
 From a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah r.a. regarding the conversion of 
Thumamah al-Hanafi r.a...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
[1] PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH (DEVOTIONAL PRAYER)* 
[2] TAWAF (CIRCUMAMBULATING THE KA’ABAH)* 
*As has been explained in the p...
[3] TOUCHING OR CARRYING THE QUR’AN 
 The companions all agreed that it is forbidden to touch or 
carry the Qur’an (musha...
[4] RECITING THE QUR’AN 
 ‘Ali r.a. said: 
“Verily, nothing kept the Messenger s.a.w. from the 
Qur’an save being in Jana...
[4] RECITING THE QUR’AN 
‘Ali r.a. said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. perform 
ablution and recited some of the ...
[4] RECITING THE QUR’AN 
 Scholars of the Shafi’ie madzhab are of the opinion that 
reciting verses from the Qur’an, but ...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
 ‘Aishah r.a. said, “The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. saw that his 
companions’ houses were pra...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
 ‘Aishah r.a. said, “The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. saw that his 
companions’ houses were pra...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
 Umm Salamah r.a. related: 
“The Messenger s.a.a.w. came to the mosque’s courtyard 
and said a...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
“O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you 
are intoxicated until you know what...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
Exception 
 Jabir r.a. said : 
“One of us used to pass through the mosque though he was 
in a ...
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
Exception 
 A’ishah r.a. said : 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
[5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE 
Exception 
 A’ishah r.a. said : 
“The Messenger of Allah s.a.w. said to me, ‘Hand me my 
cloth...
THE ARKAAN PRINCIPLES (Essentials): 
INTENTION 
REMOVAL OF NAJASAH 
THOROUGHLY WASHING ALL PARTS OF THE 
BODY WITH WATE...
DETAILED MASNUN/ METHOD OF BATHING 
According to the practice of the Prophet s.a.a.w., the correct manner 
of performing g...
DETAILED MASNUN/ METHOD OF BATHING 
According to the practice of the Prophet s.a.a.w., the correct 
manner of performing g...
This is based on the following: 
A’ishah r.a. narrated: 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
This is based on the following: 
A’ishah r.a. narrated: 
“When the Prophet s.a.a.w. took his bath for janabat, he would b...
 Maimunah r.a. said : 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
 Maimunah r.a. said : 
“I prepared water for the Prophet s.a.w. to perform ghusl’. He washed 
his hands two or three time...
EXTRA NOTES FOR 
Plaited hair need not be unplaited 
It is enough to pour water over the hair, but ensure that it 
reach...
FOR 
NOTES EXTRA WOMEN 
 ‘Ubaid ibn ‘Umair r.a. narrated that 
A’ishah r.a. discovered that ‘Abdullah ibn Umar r.a. was o...
FOR 
NOTES EXTRA WOMEN 
 A’ishah r.a. also said: 
“Asma binte Yazid r.a. asked the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. about ghus...
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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#4 -daily-application-(ghusl'-obligatory bath)-(1-november-2014)

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#4 -daily-application-(ghusl'-obligatory bath)-(1-november-2014)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IINN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, MMOOSSTT CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL.. LLEESSSSOONN ## 44 UUssiinngg tteexxtt && ccuurrrriiccuulluumm hhee hhaass ddeevveellooppeedd eessppeecciiaallllyy ffoorr MMuusslliimm ccoonnvveerrttss aanndd yyoouunngg AAdduulltt EEnngglliisshh--ssppeeaakkiinngg MMuusslliimmss.. ““TToo sseeeekk kknnoowwlleeddggee iiss oobblliiggaattoorryy uuppoonn eevveerryy MMuusslliimm ((mmaallee && ffeemmaallee))”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) DDaaiillyy aapppplliiccaattiioonn ooff FFIIQQHH BBAABB-- TAHAARAH GGhhuussll –– oobblliiggaattoorryy bbaatthh Updated 1 November 2014
  2. 2. From the previous classes, you would have been familiar with the methodology of studying fiqh in Islam, especially on the importance of going back to the basis (dalil). Therefore in future, my slides/ hand-outs' will not contain elaborate explanations, but will be brief but with emphasis on basis (therefore you are to give special attention to practice, and to memorize) on the explanation and these basis - Qur'an or Hadith (especially those which I painstakingly provide with – or without - the transliteration to ease those new converts). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  3. 3. IINN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, MMOOSSTT CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL BBAASSIISS WA – IN – KUN – TUM – JU-NU-BAN – FAT- TWA-HA-RUU ““AAnndd iiff yyoouu aarree iinn aa ssttaattee ooff JJAANNAABBAAHH ((ssttaattee ooff cceerreemmoonniiaall iimmppuurriittyy rreeqquuiirriinngg ttoottaall aabblluuttiioonn)),, tthheenn ppuurriiffyy yyoouurrsseellvveess..”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ((QQuurr’’aann:::: MMaaaa--iiddaahh:: 55:: 66))
  4. 4.  GGhhuussll’’ ((ttoottaall aabblluuttiioonn)) mmeeaannss –– ccoonnddiittiioonnaall ttoottaall wwaasshhiinngg ooff tthhee wwhhoollee bbooddyy aass eexxeemmpplliiffiieedd iinn ddeettaaiill bbyy PPrroopphheett MMuuhhaammmmaadd ss..aa..aa..ww.. ttoo aattttaaiinn ttoo ssttaattee ooff ppuurriittyy aass tthhee eesssseennttiiaall rreeqquuiirreemmeenntt pprriioorr ttoo ppeerrffoorrmmaannccee ooff rreelliiggiioouuss dduuttyy ee..gg.. SSWWOOLLAAHH,, eettcc..  As Muslims, there are occasions in which this bathing is due to a ceremonial state of ceremonial impurity tteerrmmeedd JJUUNNUUBBAANN whence its performance is Deemed WAJIB (compulsory) aass ccoommmmaannddeedd ((QQ:: 55:: 66)) by Allah swt. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  6. 6. [1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm)  Abu Sa’eed r.a. reported that he heard : The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. said: “Water (washing/bathing) is needed after (ejaculation of) water (sperm).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) (Hadith reported by Muslim)
  7. 7. [1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm)  Umm Salamah r.a. reported that: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  8. 8. [1] Discharge of al-mani (ejaculation of sperm - orgasm)  Umm Salamah r.a. reported that: “Umm Sulaim said, O Messenger of Allah! Allah is not ashamed of the Truth. Does a woman have to perform ghusl’ (bathe) if she has a wet dream?” He said, “Yes, if she sees the liquid.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim & others) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  9. 9. [2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse)  Abu Hurairah r.a. narrated that : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  10. 10. [2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse)  Abu Hurairah r.a. narrated that : The Prophet s.a.a.w. said, “When anyone sits between the four parts of her body and exerts himself (has intercourse), bathing- GHUSL’ becomes obligatory (for both).” (Hadith reported by Ahmad & Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  11. 11. [2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse)  A’isha r.a. narrated that the Prophet s.a.a.w. said : “If the two circumcised parts encountered each other (i.e. sexual penetration), GHUSL’ (bathing) is obligatory.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad & Malik) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  12. 12. [2] The meeting of two circumcised parts (sexual intercourse)  Commenting on the above verse“… and if you are in (JUNUBAN) sexually impure, purify yourselves.” (Q: 5:6), as-Shafi’ie r.a. said, “In the Arabic language, sexual impurity “JUNUBAN” refers to any type of sexual intercourse, regardless of whether sperm was ejaculated or not. If someone says, “So and so is sexually impure due to so and so”, it refers to any type of sexual intercourse between them, even if there was no ejaculation. No one disagrees that the fornication which requires the prescribed punishment is sexual intercourse even if there is no ejaculation.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  13. 13. [2] Women: menstruation (HAIDH ); post-natal bleeding (NIFAS ) And they ask you about menstruation, say “it is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222)
  14. 14. [2] Women: menstruation (HAIDH); post-natal bleeding (NIFAS)  The Prophet s.a.a.w. spoke to Fatimah binte Abi Hubeish r.a., “Do not perform swolah (devotional prayer) during your period. After it has ended, perform ghusl’ and pray.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)  “NIFAS ” (post-natal bleeding) is treated in similar manner, according to Ijma’ (consensus of opinion of the Companions). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  15. 15. NOTE:  If the menstruation (which usually takes about 6-7 days to complete) becomes irregularly prolonged (i.e. longer than normal),give a grace period of a day, after which the bleeding is not considered as menstruation, but an ailment.  After this grace period, if there is still bleeding, the woman can begin to perform Swolah. But each time, she has to take her obligatory bath immediately before performing her swolah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  16. 16. [3] Death  Based on the ijma’ (consensus of the scholars), it is obligatory to bathe the dead Muslim.  Exception is for those who died as a Shahid (those who attained martyrdom in war to defend Islam). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  17. 17. [4] Conversion to Islam  From a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah r.a. regarding the conversion of Thumamah al-Hanafi r.a. (a prisoner of war) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  18. 18. [4] Conversion to Islam  From a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah r.a. regarding the conversion of Thumamah al-Hanafi r.a. (a prisoner of war) The Prophet s.a.a.w. untied him and told him to go to the garden of Abu Talhah r.a. and perform ghusl’. He performed ghusl’ and prayed two raka’at. The Prophet s.a.a.w. said “indeed, your brother (Thumamah) became a fine Muslim.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  20. 20. [1] PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH (DEVOTIONAL PRAYER)* [2] TAWAF (CIRCUMAMBULATING THE KA’ABAH)* *As has been explained in the previous lesson All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  21. 21. [3] TOUCHING OR CARRYING THE QUR’AN  The companions all agreed that it is forbidden to touch or carry the Qur’an (mushaf) while one is in the state of major impurity.  As regards to touching parts of it, as used in letters, books, tafsir, translations etc. where it is not considered as Mushaf, scholars have allowed the touching of it for those in state of impurity. *”Mushaf ” literally “the bounded leaves or scrolls” is in reference to the whole Qur’an in Arabic. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  22. 22. [4] RECITING THE QUR’AN  ‘Ali r.a. said: “Verily, nothing kept the Messenger s.a.w. from the Qur’an save being in Janabah.” (Hadith reported by four muhaddithun) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  23. 23. [4] RECITING THE QUR’AN ‘Ali r.a. said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. perform ablution and recited some of the Qur’an, after which he said, ‘This is for the one who is not in Janabat. If one is in Janabat he may not do so, not even one verse.’” (Hadith reported by Ahmad & Abu Ya’ala) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  24. 24. [4] RECITING THE QUR’AN  Scholars of the Shafi’ie madzhab are of the opinion that reciting verses from the Qur’an, but as a form of dzikr viz. basmalah, “innaa-lil laahi wa inna ilai-hi raa-ji-‘uun” etc. is permissible for those in janabat. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  25. 25. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE  ‘Aishah r.a. said, “The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. saw that his companions’ houses were practically (open) in the mosque. He said, ‘Direct those houses away from the mosque.’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  26. 26. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE  ‘Aishah r.a. said, “The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. saw that his companions’ houses were practically (open) in the mosque. He said, ‘Direct those houses away from the mosque.’ He then entered the mosque, but the people did nothing, hoping that Allah would reveal to Muhammad s.a.a.w. that what they were doing was permissible… after he came out, he said, ‘Direct those houses away from the mosque, for it is not permitted for menstruating women or those in Janabat to be in the mosque.’” (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  27. 27. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE  Umm Salamah r.a. related: “The Messenger s.a.a.w. came to the mosque’s courtyard and said at the top of his voice, “The mosque is off-limits to menstruating women and those in Janabat.”” (Hadith reported by ibn Majah & Thabrani) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  28. 28. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE “O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body].” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4 : 43)
  29. 29. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE Exception  Jabir r.a. said : “One of us used to pass through the mosque though he was in a state of Janabah.” (Hadith related by Ibn Abu Shaibah & Sa’eed ibn Mansur) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  30. 30. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE Exception  A’ishah r.a. said : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  31. 31. [5] STAYING IN THE MOSQUE Exception  A’ishah r.a. said : “The Messenger of Allah s.a.w. said to me, ‘Hand me my cloth from the mosque.’ I said, ‘I am menstruating.’ He said, ‘Your menstruation is not on your hand.’” (Hadith reported by the Jama’ah except Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  32. 32. THE ARKAAN PRINCIPLES (Essentials): INTENTION REMOVAL OF NAJASAH THOROUGHLY WASHING ALL PARTS OF THE BODY WITH WATER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  33. 33. DETAILED MASNUN/ METHOD OF BATHING According to the practice of the Prophet s.a.a.w., the correct manner of performing ghusl is: 1.Wash both hands three times 2.Wash the genitals 3.Make ablution (except washing of the feet which is left for last) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  34. 34. DETAILED MASNUN/ METHOD OF BATHING According to the practice of the Prophet s.a.a.w., the correct manner of performing ghusl is: 4.Rub water through one’s hair three times, letting the water to reach down to the roots of the hair and wash his head 5.Pour water over the entire body, beginning with the right side, then the left, washing under the armpits, inside the ears, inside the navel, in between the toes and whatever parts of the body that can easily be rubbed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  35. 35. This is based on the following: A’ishah r.a. narrated: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  36. 36. This is based on the following: A’ishah r.a. narrated: “When the Prophet s.a.a.w. took his bath for janabat, he would begin by washing his hands. Then he would pour water from his right hand to his left and wash his genitals, make ablution for prayer (wudhu’), take some water and puts his fingers to the roots of his hair to the extent that he feels the scalp is wet, then pour water over his head three times and then the over the rest of his body.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  37. 37.  Maimunah r.a. said : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  38. 38.  Maimunah r.a. said : “I prepared water for the Prophet s.a.w. to perform ghusl’. He washed his hands two or three times, and then poured water from his right hand to his left and washed his private parts, wiped his hands on the earth, rinsed his mouth and nose, washed his face and hands, washed his head three times, poured water over his body, and finally moved from his place and washed his feet. I brought him a towel, but he did not take it, for he shook the water off with his hands. (Hadith related by the jama’ah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  39. 39. EXTRA NOTES FOR Plaited hair need not be unplaited It is enough to pour water over the hair, but ensure that it reaches the scalp To use scented materials for bathing and to apply perfume to the private parts, especially for ghusl’ after menstruation WOMEN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  40. 40. FOR NOTES EXTRA WOMEN  ‘Ubaid ibn ‘Umair r.a. narrated that A’ishah r.a. discovered that ‘Abdullah ibn Umar r.a. was ordering women with plaited hairs to undo them during ghusl’. She said, “It is amazing that Ibn ‘Umar orders the women to undo the plaits of hair for ghusl’. Why doesn’t he just order them to shave their heads? I and the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. used to bathe from one vessel, and all I did was pour three handfuls of water over my head.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad & Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  41. 41. FOR NOTES EXTRA WOMEN  A’ishah r.a. also said: “Asma binte Yazid r.a. asked the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. about ghusl’ after menstruation has ended. He said, “She should use water mixed with leaves of the lote-tree and cleanse herself. Then she should pour water over her head and rub it well till it reaches the roots of the hairs, after which she should pour water over it. Afterwards, she should take a piece of cotton smeared with musk and cleanse herself with it.” Asma asked, “How should she cleanse herself with it?” He said, “Praise be to Allah, she should cleanse with it (i.e. to rub it over traces of blood).” (Hadith reported by the Jama’ah except Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))

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