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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#2f -daily-application-(acts-correspond-fitrah)-(11-oct-2014)

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#2f -daily-application-(acts-correspond-fitrah)-(11-oct-2014)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IINN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, MMOOSSTT CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL.. LLEESSSSOONN ## 22 ((ff)) UUssiinngg tteexxtt && ccuurrrriiccuulluumm hhee hhaass ddeevveellooppeedd eessppeecciiaallllyy ffoorr MMuusslliimm ccoonnvveerrttss aanndd yyoouunngg AAdduulltt EEnngglliisshh--ssppeeaakkiinngg MMuusslliimmss.. ““TToo sseeeekk kknnoowwlleeddggee iiss oobblliiggaattoorryy uuppoonn eevveerryy MMuusslliimm ((mmaallee && ffeemmaallee))”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) DDaaiillyy aapppplliiccaattiioonn ooff FFIIQQHH AAccttss ccoorrrreessppoonnddiinngg ttoo FFiittwwrraahh Updated 11 October 2014
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  4. 4. ““So set thou thy face sstteeaaddiillyy aanndd ttrruullyy ttoo tthhee ffaaiitthh:: ((eessttaabblliisshh)) AAllllaahh''ss hhaannddiiwwoorrkk aaccccoorrddiinngg ttoo ((FFIITTWWRRAAHH)) tthhee ppaatttteerrnn oonn wwhhiicchh HHee hhaass mmaaddee mmaannkkiinndd :: nnoo cchhaannggee ((lleett tthheerree bbee)) iinn tthhee wwoorrkk ((wwrroouugghhtt)) bbyy AAllllaahh:: tthhaatt iiss tthhee ssttaannddaarrdd RReelliiggiioonn:: bbuutt mmoosstt aammoonngg mmaannkkiinndd uunnddeerrssttaanndd nnoott..”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: RRuumm:: 3300:: 3300)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  5. 5. ““Every child is bboorrnn iinn aa ssttaattee ooff ((FFIITTwwRRAAHH)) ppuurree iinnnnoocceennccee .. IItt iiss tthhee ppaarreennttss tthheenn wwhhoo wwoouulldd mmaakkee hhiimm ttoo bbeeccoommee aa JJeeww oorr aa CChhrriissttiiaann oorr aa PPaaggaann..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy BBuukkhhaarryy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  6. 6. The Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. guided by Allah s.w.t exemplified for us the highest ideals which we should strive for. In matters of cleanliness, there are certain acts which correspond to the natural cleanliness (FITWRAH). This is based on the detail teaching of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. In fact all of us human are born in FITWRAH, and Islam as Ad- Deen upholds FITWRAH. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  7. 7. FITWRAH are five - or - Five things are part of one’s FITWRAH (natural cleanliness): circumcision, shaving the pubic hairs, trimming the nails , removing the hair under the armpits and trimming the moustache.” (Hadith reported by Ibn Majah and the Jama’ah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  8. 8. 1. CIRCUMCISSION FOR THE MALE Majority of scholars agree to it being WAJIB -obligatory for all male Muslims, although they differ as to when it is to be done. Al-Shafi’e r.a. maintains that it should be done on the seventh day after his birth. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  9. 9. 1. CIRCUMCISSION FOR THE MALE The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: “Prophet Ibrahim a.s. circumcised himself after he was 80 years old. And he circumcised himself at/with Al-qadum.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  11. 11. ““ AAnndd wwhhoo ttuurrnnss aawwaayy ffrroomm tthhee rreelliiggiioonn ooff AAbbrraahhaamm bbuutt ssuucchh aass ddeebbaassee tthheeiirr ssoouullss wwiitthh ffoollllyy?? HHiimm ((AAbbrraahhaamm)) WWee cchhoossee aanndd rreennddeerreedd ppuurree iinn tthhiiss wwoorrlldd:: aanndd hhee wwiillll bbee iinn tthhee HHeerreeaafftteerr iinn tthhee rraannkkss ooff tthhee RRiigghhtteeoouuss.. BBeehhoolldd!! HHiiss LLoorrdd ssaaiidd ttoo hhiimm:: ""SSuubbmmiitt ((tthhyy wwiillll ttoo MMee))"" HHee ssaaiidd:: ""II bbooww ((mmyy wwiillll)) ttoo tthhee LLoorrdd aanndd CChheerriisshheerr ooff tthhee uunniivveerrssee..““ ((QQuurr’’aann:: BBaaqqaarraahh:: 22::113300--113311)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  12. 12. 1. CIRCUMCISSION FOR THE MALE Female Muslims are not WAJIB, although some may regard it as MAKRAMAH - a noble act (in their customary or local context). Hadith reports concerning female circumcision are all weak (Dhoif). And even in one of them, in which he was asked about this custom as practiced amongst ladies at the time, which the Prophet s.a.a.w. was said to have allowed but he did stressed : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  13. 13. 1. CIRCUMCISSION FOR THE MALE Female Muslims are not WAJIB, although some may regard it as MAKRAMAH - a noble act (in their customary or local context). Hadith reports concerning female circumcision are all weak (Dhoif). And even in one of them, in which he was asked about this custom as practiced amongst ladies at the time, which the Prophet s.a.a.w. was said to have allowed but he did stressed : “only the tip but do not cut it off (i.e. the clitoris must not be mutilated) ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  14. 14. 2. SHAVING OF PUBIC HAIRS, REMOVING HAIR UNDER ARMPITS, TRIMMING MOUSTACHE AND NAILS “Be different from the idolaters: grow your beard and trim your moustache” (Hadith agreed upon by Bukhary & Muslim) but Bukhary adds: “whenever Ibn ‘Umar made Hajj or ‘umrah, he would hold his beard in his fist and, whatever exceeded his fist, he would cut off.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  15. 15. 3. KEEPING BEARD, BUT MUST BE GROOMED IN A TIDY MANNER AND NOT LEFT DISHEVELLED “A man came to the Prophet s.a.w. with unkempt hair and untidy beard. The Prophet s.a.w. pointed to him, as if ordering him to straighten his hair and beard. He did so and returned. Thereupon the Prophet s.a.w. observed, “is that not better than one of you coming with his hair unkempt, as if he was a devil?” (Hadith reported by Malik from Atha’ ibn Yassar) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  16. 16. 4. OILING AND COMBING ONE’S HAIR “Whoever has hair should honour it.” (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  17. 17. Hair can be cut or left to grow as long as it is well groomed. Either choice can be regarded as honouring it. But it is greatly disliked to shave part of the hair and leaving part of it (like what it is done nowadays by some “punky rockers”. The Prophet s.a.w. said: “Shave it all or leave it all.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud & Nasa’i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  18. 18. Ibn ‘Umar related that “the Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w. prohibited Qiza. When asked: “What is Qiza?” He said: “It is to shave off part of the hair of a youth and to leave part.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  19. 19. 5. LEAVING GREY HAIR IN PLACE (i.e. do not pluck them). Applies to both men and women The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: “Do not pluck the grey hairs as they are a Muslim’s light. A Muslim never grows a grey hair except that Allah writes for him a good deed and raises him up a degree, and He erases for him, due to that, one of his sins.” (Hadith by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i, and Ibn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) Majah)
  20. 20. 6. BUT CHANGING THE COLOUR OF GREY HAIR BY USING HENNA, RED DYE, YELLOW DYE ETC. IS PERMITTED The companions differ in the kind of colour but az-Zuhri said: “We used black dye if our faces are youthful, but if wrinkles were present and the teeth were gone, we would not use it.” “The best thing that one can use to change the colour of grey hair is henna and katm (a reddish dye).” (Hadith reported by Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  21. 21. 7. USE OF MUSK AND OTHER TYPES OF PERFUMES These are pleasing to the soul and beautify the atmosphere. (Ladies are to use perfumes for their husbands. If need to prevent body odour, do not choose too strongly scented deodorants.) Anas reported the Messenger of Allah said “Among the things of this world, I love women and perfume, and the coolness of my eyes is prayer (swolah).” (Hadith reported by Ahmad and Nasa’i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  22. 22. “If someone offers perfume, do not reject it, for it is light to carry and has a sweet scent.” (Hadith reported by Muslim, Nasa’i, & Abu Dawud) Ibn ‘Umar use to burn a certain wood (aluwah) that has a nice smell. He also used camphor. He used to say, “This is the way the Messenger of Allah s.a.w. inhaled such scents (i.e. by burning them).” (Hadith reported by Muslim & Nasa’i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  23. 23. ““Bathing on Friday for every adult, uussiinngg MMiisswwaakk ((ttooootthh-- ssttiicckk)) aanndd aappppllyyiinngg ppeerrffuummee,, tthhaatt iiss aavvaaiillaabbllee –– tthheessee aarree eesssseennttiiaall.. SSoo ffaarr aass tthhee ppeerrffuummee iiss ccoonncceerrnneedd,, iitt mmaayy bbee tthhee kkiinndd ooff ppeerrffuummee uusseedd bbyy wwoommeenn..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy MMuusslliimm aanndd TTiirrmmiiddzzii)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  24. 24. ““Any women who applies perfume tthheenn ppaasssseess ppeeooppllee ((mmeenn)) ssoo tthhaatt tthheeyy ccaann ssmmeellll hheerr ffrraaggrraannccee tthheenn sshhee iiss ((lliikkee aann)) aadduulltteerreessss..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy NNaassaa--ii)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  25. 25. ““““Whosoever resembles (oorr iimmiittaatteess)) aa ppeeooppllee,, tthheenn hhee iiss ffrroomm aammoonnggsstt tthheemm”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy AAbbuu DDaawwuudd aanndd IIbbnnuu HHiibbbbaann)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  26. 26. ““If any of you (ladies) wants to attend IIsshhaa’’ pprraayyeerr ((iinn tthhee mmoossqquuee)),, lleett hheerr nnoott ttoouucchh ppeerrffuummee..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy NNaassaa--ii)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  27. 27. ““…… AAnndd tteellll tthhee bbeelliieevviinngg wwoommeenn ttoo lloowweerr tthheeiirr ggaazzee aanndd ttoo bbee mmiinnddffuull ooff tthheeiirr cchhaassttiittyy ((pprriivvaattee ppaarrttss)),, aanndd nnoott ttoo ddiissppllaayy tthheeiirr aaddoorrnnmmeennttss--cchhaarrmmss [[iinn ppuubblliicc]] bbeeyyoonndd wwhhaatt mmaayy [[ddeecceennttllyy]] bbee aappppaarreenntt tthheerreeooff;; ……”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ((QQuurr’’aann:: AAnn--NNuurr:: 2244:: 3311))
  28. 28. ““Whoever eats from this plant ((ggaarrlliicc)) sshhoouulldd nnoott aapppprrooaacchh oouurr mmoossqquuee aanndd sshhoouulldd nnoott hhaarrmm uuss wwiitthh tthhee ooddoouurr ooff ggaarrlliicc..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy MMuusslliimm)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) WALLAAHU A’LAM
  29. 29. AAllll wweellccoommee ttoo vviissiitt mmyy wweebb--bblloogg:: http://an-nnaasseeeehhaahh..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////iinnttrroodduuccttiioonnttoottaauuhhiidd..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////ooyyoouubbeelliieevveerrss..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////aall--aammtthhaaaall..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////zzhhuullkkeefflleeee--aarrcchhiivvee..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////ccrriitteerriiaaffoorraahhoollyybbooookk--qquurraann..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////wwiitthh--tthhee--ttrruutthhffuull..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp ::////mmuuqqaaddddaamm--nnuurruull..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))

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