Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

[Slideshare] tadzkirah-november-2015 -guidelines-regarding-food-consumption-(29-november-2015)

295 views

Published on

GUIDELINES REGARDING
FOOD CONSUMPTION
(HALAL AND HARAM)

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

[Slideshare] tadzkirah-november-2015 -guidelines-regarding-food-consumption-(29-november-2015)

  1. 1. ““ON BEING A TRUE MUSLIM”ON BEING A TRUE MUSLIM” IN-HOUSE TALK FOR THE “MABUHAY CLUB”IN-HOUSE TALK FOR THE “MABUHAY CLUB” DARUL ARQAM SINGAPOREDARUL ARQAM SINGAPORE BY: USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILBY: USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL 29 NOVEMBER 201529 NOVEMBER 2015 17 SAFAR 1437 (HIJRIYAH)(HIJRIYAH) @ 3.00 PM - GALAXY, GEYLANG@ 3.00 PM - GALAXY, GEYLANG SURAH AL-BAQARAH : 2 : 173SURAH AL-BAQARAH : 2 : 173 SURAH AL-MAA-IDAH: 5: 3 & 96SURAH AL-MAA-IDAH: 5: 3 & 96 SURAH AL-A’-RAF : 7: 157SURAH AL-A’-RAF : 7: 157 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Lawful and Forbidden
  2. 2. "THE BEST AMONGST YOU IS ONE"THE BEST AMONGST YOU IS ONE WHO LEARNS THE QUR'AN ANDWHO LEARNS THE QUR'AN AND WHO TEACHES IT"-WHO TEACHES IT"- ((HADITH REPORTED BY BUKHARYHADITH REPORTED BY BUKHARY)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  3. 3. Do men think that they will be left alone on saying "We believe"Do men think that they will be left alone on saying "We believe" and that they will not be tested?” We did test those beforeand that they will not be tested?” We did test those before them, and Allah will certainly know those who are true fromthem, and Allah will certainly know those who are true from those who are false.”those who are false.” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 26: 2-3Qur’an: Ankabut: 26: 2-3)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off fromO YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off from yourselves (i.eyourselves (i.e. save yourself) and those who are. save yourself) and those who are close to you (AHLIY-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter]close to you (AHLIY-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter] whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording]whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording] over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe,over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe, who do not disobey Allah in whatever He haswho do not disobey Allah in whatever He has commanded them, but [always] do what they arecommanded them, but [always] do what they are bidden to do.”bidden to do.” ((Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6))
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on (Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on (SHARI-’ATINSHARI-’ATIN) an) an ordained way concerning the matter [of religion];ordained way concerning the matter [of religion]; so follow itso follow it andand do not follow the inclinations of those who do not knowdo not follow the inclinations of those who do not know.―”.―” ((Qur’an: Ja-thiyah: 45: 18Qur’an: Ja-thiyah: 45: 18))
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O you who have attained to faith! Pay heed (obey) unto Allah, and pay heed (obey) unto the Messenger and unto those from among you who have been entrusted with authority (ULIL-AMRI MINKUM) ; and if you are at variance over any matter, refer it unto Allah and the Messenger, if you [truly] believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the best [for you], and best in the end.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 69)
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““If anyone contends with (i.e. opposes) the MessengerIf anyone contends with (i.e. opposes) the Messenger even aftereven after guidance has been plainly conveyed to himguidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other, and follows a path other than that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the paththan that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)
  11. 11. ““O MANKIND! Worship (serve) your SustainerO MANKIND! Worship (serve) your Sustainer, who has, who has created you and those who lived before you, so that youcreated you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of (and fear transgression against)might remain conscious of (and fear transgression against) Him (Him (TAQWATAQWA)“)“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ Tell them (O Prophet!): 'Let them rejoice in Allah's graceTell them (O Prophet!): 'Let them rejoice in Allah's grace and mercy through which this (Book) has come to you. Itand mercy through which this (Book) has come to you. It is better than all the riches that they accumulate.is better than all the riches that they accumulate. Did you consider thatDid you consider that the sustenance which Allah hadthe sustenance which Allah had sent down for you of your own accord you have declaredsent down for you of your own accord you have declared some of it as unlawful and some as lawful?some of it as unlawful and some as lawful? Ask them:Ask them: 'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do you forge lies against Allah?”you forge lies against Allah?” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59))
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““O MANKIND!O MANKIND! Partake (est) of what is lawfulPartake (est) of what is lawful ((HHALAALANALAALAN) and good () and good (TwAI-YIBANTwAI-YIBAN) on earth, and follow) on earth, and follow not Satan's footsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, andnot Satan's footsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, and bids you only to do evil (bids you only to do evil (SUU’-ISUU’-I), and to commit deeds of), and to commit deeds of abomination (abomination (FAH-SHAA-IFAH-SHAA-I), and to attribute unto Allah), and to attribute unto Allah something of which you have no knowledge.“something of which you have no knowledge.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 168-169Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 168-169))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O you who have attained to faith! Partake of the good things which We have provided for you as sustenance, and render thanks unto Allah, if it is [truly] Him that you worship.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 172)
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  We in Nusantara, as non-Mujtahid, are already taught to (TAQLEED) adhere in FIQH matters to the Islamic jurisprudential-legal school of SHAFI’-IE Madzhab and the Fatwas of succeeding scholars, Mufti etc.. Yet, there may be issues (although few) especially in our contemporary time, which may present to us different rulings and views (IKHTILAF) from other MADZAAHIB.  Our exercise here is to learn and understand some of the basis and principle of jurisprudence used, which should make us be respectful of differences among the MADZAAHIB , to remove confusion and avert contentious disputations which may lead to dissension - disunity in the UMMAH.
  19. 19. ““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is(lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is HHARAMARAM (unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are(unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are MUSMUSHH-TABIHAT-TABIHAT (doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .”(doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““He (Allah) has only forbidden to you dead animals,He (Allah) has only forbidden to you dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has beenblood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forceddedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing[by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is[its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”Forgiving and Merciful.” (Q(Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173ur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173))
  22. 22. (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173) 1.Carrion, that is, the consumption of it, since this is the subject of the general address here, and similarly [the consumption of] what follows, [all of] which is what has not been slaughtered in accordance with [prescriptions of] the Law; to this the Sunna adds [as also constituting carrion] what has been severed from a living creature. A special status is, however, accorded fish and locusts; 2.Blood, poured forth, as in [sūrat] al-An‘ām [see Q. 6:145], Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ANOTHER AAYAT
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “FORBIDDEN to you is carrion, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that over which any name other than Allah's has been invoked, and the animal that has been strangled, or beaten to death, or killed by a fall, or gored to death, or savaged by a beast of prey, save that which you [yourselves] may have slaughtered while it was still alive; and [forbidden to you is] all that has been slaughtered on idolatrous altars. And [you are forbidden] to seek to learn through divination what the future may hold in store for you: this is sinful conduct.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3) ANOTHER AAYAT
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ANOTHER AAYAT
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Those who shall follow the [last] Messenger, the unlettered ProphetThose who shall follow the [last] Messenger, the unlettered Prophet whom they shall find described in the Torah that is with them, andwhom they shall find described in the Torah that is with them, and [later on] in the Gospel: [the Prophet] who will enjoin upon them the[later on] in the Gospel: [the Prophet] who will enjoin upon them the doing of what is right and forbid them the doing of what is wrong, anddoing of what is right and forbid them the doing of what is wrong, and make lawful to them the good things of life (TWAI-YIBAT)make lawful to them the good things of life (TWAI-YIBAT) andand forbidforbid them the bad things (KHABAA-ITH)them the bad things (KHABAA-ITH), and lift from them their burdens, and lift from them their burdens and the shackles that were upon them [aforetime]. Those, therefore,and the shackles that were upon them [aforetime]. Those, therefore, who shall believe in him, and honour him, and succour him, and followwho shall believe in him, and honour him, and succour him, and follow the light that has been bestowed from on high through him-it is theythe light that has been bestowed from on high through him-it is they that shall attain to a happy state."that shall attain to a happy state." (Q(Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 157ur’an: A’raf: 7: 157)) ANOTHER AAYAT
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Lawful to you is all water-game (Lawful to you is all water-game (SWSWAIDUL-BAHRAIDUL-BAHR), and), and what the sea bringswhat the sea brings forthforth, as a provision for you [who are settled] as well as for travellers,, as a provision for you [who are settled] as well as for travellers, although you are forbidden to hunt on land while you are in the state ofalthough you are forbidden to hunt on land while you are in the state of pilgrimage. And be conscious of Allah, unto whom you shall be gathered.”pilgrimage. And be conscious of Allah, unto whom you shall be gathered.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 96Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 96)) ANOTHER AAYAT
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ON HUNTING
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) (Narrated by Adi ibn Hatim r.a.) I asked the Prophet(Narrated by Adi ibn Hatim r.a.) I asked the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ ((about the hunting dogsabout the hunting dogs) and he replied, "If you let loose) and he replied, "If you let loose (with Allah's name) your tamed dog after a game and it(with Allah's name) your tamed dog after a game and it hunts it, you may eat it, but if the dog eats of (that game)hunts it, you may eat it, but if the dog eats of (that game) then do not eat it because the dog has hunted it for itself." Ithen do not eat it because the dog has hunted it for itself." I further said, "Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and findfurther said, "Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and find another dog with it. He said, "Do not eat the game for youanother dog with it. He said, "Do not eat the game for you have mentioned Allah's name only on sending your dog andhave mentioned Allah's name only on sending your dog and not the other dog.“not the other dog.“ ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) ON HUNTING
  30. 30. The Messenger of AllahThe Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ said: “said: “Two kinds of dead meat and two kindsTwo kinds of dead meat and two kinds of blood have been permitted to usof blood have been permitted to us. The two kinds of dead meat are. The two kinds of dead meat are fishfish and locustsand locusts, and the two kinds of blood are the, and the two kinds of blood are the liver and spleenliver and spleen.”.” ((Hadith reported by Ibn MajahHadith reported by Ibn Majah)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) THE EXCEPTIONS
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““And not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh andAnd not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh and sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter.sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter. And from each you eat tender meatAnd from each you eat tender meat ….”….” ((Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 12Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 12)) SEAFOOD - AQUATIC
  32. 32. From Abu Hurairah, that the ProphetFrom Abu Hurairah, that the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ (said), concerning the(said), concerning the water of the sea: "Its water is pure (and Purification) and itswater of the sea: "Its water is pure (and Purification) and its 'dead'dead meat'meat' ((MAI-TATUHUMAI-TATUHU) is) is permissiblepermissible (to eat)."(to eat)." ((Hadith reported by An-Nasaa-iHadith reported by An-Nasaa-i)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) SEAFOOD - AQUATIC
  33. 33. (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173) 2.The flesh of swine, the meat is singled out for mention because that [part] is what people mostly seek, every other [part] being implied thereby; 3.What has been hallowed to other than Allah, that is to say, what has been slaughtered in other than His Name (al-ihlāl is the raising of one’s voice, which they used to do when sacrificing for their gods). Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34.  He (Allah SWT) has only forbidden you (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173):  Yet whoever is constrained, forced by dire need to eat of the above- mentioned, not desiring, to rebel against Muslims, nor transgressing, committing aggression against them by waylaying them, no sin shall be on him, for eating it.  Allah is Forgiving, to His friends, Merciful, to those who are obedient to Him, for He has granted them wide berth in this matter.  The aggressor and the transgressor are excluded from this [dispensation], and to these two [categories] one should also add every person that sets out on a journey in disobedience, such as the fugitive or the excise collector, for whom it would be unlawful to eat any of the mentioned, unless they repent [of their disobedience]; this is the opinion of al-Shāfi‘ī. Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 5) FOOD OF THE JEWS AND CHRISTIANS
  36. 36. “'Every predator possessing fangs is forbidden to eat." (Hadith reported by An-Nasa-i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ANIMAL THAT HUNTS WITH FANGS AND TALONS
  37. 37. Ibn ‘Abbas r.a. said : The Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ prohibited the eating of every beast of prey with fang, and every bird with a talon." (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ANIMAL THAT HUNTS WITH FANGS AND TALONS
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. “The essence (original rule) for all things is that it is permissible” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. “The essence (original rule) for all things is that it is permissible” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “Have you not seen that Allah has subjected to your service all that is in the heavens and on the earth and has abundantly bestowed upon you all His bounties, both visible and invisible? Yet some persons dispute regarding Allah without having any knowledge or guidance or any illuminating Book.” (Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 30)
  41. 41. ““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which(lawful; permissible) is clear and that which isis HHARAMARAM (unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of(unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them arethem are MUSMUSHH-TABIHAT-TABIHAT (doubtful matters) about which many(doubtful matters) about which many people do not know …”people do not know …” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. “ … So whoever saves himself from these suspicious (doubtful) things saves his religion and his honour. And whoever indulges in these suspicious (doubtful) things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the HIMA (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a HIMA and the HIMA of Allah on the earth is whatever that has been declared (ruled as) forbidden (MUHARRIMAT).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) HALAL (Permissible – Lawful) HARAM HARUS (MUBAH) (Optional-neutral) MAKRUH (Undesirable) MUSTAHAAB (MANDUB) (Recommended) Forbidden Unlawful (Clearly known) (Clearly known) SHUB-HAT (Doubtful) ““Certainty cannot be removed (overruled) by DoubtCertainty cannot be removed (overruled) by Doubt”” TWO WAYS OF SINNING IN MATTERS OF OBLIGATORY  Sinning by commission  Sinning by omission FARD- ’ AIN – Fixed personal obligation FARD-KIFAAYAH – Fixed community obligation WAJIB – Whatever is ruled by Shari’ah as Obligatory
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Certainty cannot be removed (overruled) by Doubt”Certainty cannot be removed (overruled) by Doubt”
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Custom is (authoritative for) Judgement”Custom is (authoritative for) Judgement”
  47. 47. ““Difficulty (hardship) must lead to Ease (facility)”Difficulty (hardship) must lead to Ease (facility)” ** There are further elaborations and branches orThere are further elaborations and branches or derived rulings from these fivederived rulings from these five – refer USUL FIQH.– refer USUL FIQH. ““Whatever is permitted because of aWhatever is permitted because of a DwDwarura is limited toarura is limited to the extent of existence of thatthe extent of existence of that DwDwarura (as impediment)”arura (as impediment)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. ANIMALS 1.Flesh of swine and any form of pork products; 2.Carrion and animal slaughtered invoking name other than Allah or in a manner not approved by Islam; 3.Blood gush forth – except for liver and spleen, and remnant left in blood vessels/organ of lawfully slaughtered animal. 4.Disgusting small animals that creep or walk on the ground, insects (except locust); All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. ANIMALS 4.Predatory land animals with fangs or tusk; 5.Those – birds of prey -which hunt with talons; 6.Off springs from (cross-bred between) animal permissible with animal forbidden; 7.It is permissible to eat any aquatic game (SWSWAIDUL-BAHRAIDUL-BAHR), except for frog and crocodile; generally analogous refer to amphibians and reptiles (except desert lizards which the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ did not forbid) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  51. 51. SUBSTANCES 1.Anything harmful (i.e. proven to be harmful; if it is suspected only, then it falls under doubtful); 2.Wine (Khamr) and all genre of intoxicants (e.g. beer; whisky, rum, toddy, gin, brandy, etc.); or even its derivatives used in food; 3.Anything regarded as impure (NAJASAH) - whether in itself or by a lawful thing which it has been contamiated with; included in this category are things generally regarded as repulsive, abhorrent etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) SOURCE OF INCOME & ACQUISITION 1.Although essentially the food may be of HALAL (lawful category), yet we have to ensure that it is acquired lawfully too. Thus if the source of income is from unlawful means viz. cheating, stealing, gambling, sale of forbidden things, usury, corrupt practices, etc. – then that will render consumption of the food to be HARAM (forbidden).
  53. 53. SOURCE OF INCOME & ACQUISITION 1.Although essentially the food may be of HALAL (lawful category), yet we have to ensure that it is acquired lawfully too. Thus if the source of income is from unlawful means viz. cheating, stealing, gambling, sale of forbidden things, usury, corrupt practices, etc. – then that will render consumption of the food to be HARAM (forbidden). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) WALLAAHU – A’ LAM “And do not consume one another's wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [it is unlawful].” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 188)

×