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[Slideshare] ntums-madrasah-ramadhan-witnesses-(15-july-2013)

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[Slideshare] ntums-madrasah-ramadhan-witnesses-(15-july-2013)

  1. 1. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) Presentation by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail for ”NTUMS – Nanyang Technological University Muslim Society Thursday , 18July 2013 @ Masjid Alkaff Kampong Melayu – Bedok Reservoir Rd IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH Reflection on a Qur’anic MessageReflection on a Qur’anic Message : What every Muslim should: What every Muslim should know and appreciate about Ramaknow and appreciate about Ramadhdhan – it’s significance;an – it’s significance; programs to be benefitted; its impact upon their role to Da’wahprograms to be benefitted; its impact upon their role to Da’wah IslamiyyahIslamiyyah 3RD LECTURE IN THE SERIES
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. MUQADDIMAH (AN INTRODUCTION) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH We all can agree that our education is very important. Yet the manner ofWe all can agree that our education is very important. Yet the manner of approach - the aim, philosophy and objective, the priority and principles,approach - the aim, philosophy and objective, the priority and principles, the method used, etc. in our education - needs to be seriously scrutinizedthe method used, etc. in our education - needs to be seriously scrutinized It is already apparent, sadly, that many Muslims today may view IslamIt is already apparent, sadly, that many Muslims today may view Islam and their Islamic ‘development’ merely as peripheral to their educationand their Islamic ‘development’ merely as peripheral to their education and of their pursuit of excellence – sort of like what E.C.A. is in schooland of their pursuit of excellence – sort of like what E.C.A. is in school Whereas, it should be the other way roundWhereas, it should be the other way round -- subjecting themselves tosubjecting themselves to Islam, notIslam, not llearning Islam as a subject; their development of Islam and notearning Islam as a subject; their development of Islam and not merely to include Islam in their developmentmerely to include Islam in their development
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. MUQADDIMAH (AN INTRODUCTION) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH In this series of lectures –In this series of lectures – “Vacation Series for the Soul (VSS)”“Vacation Series for the Soul (VSS)” – the– the overarching theme envisage by organizer was to introduce you to theoverarching theme envisage by organizer was to introduce you to the concept of “concept of “Khayra-UmmahKhayra-Ummah” , using the break in your schooling to” , using the break in your schooling to include program on Islam. Yet, let us be reminded that nurturing Muslimsinclude program on Islam. Yet, let us be reminded that nurturing Muslims towards becoming “towards becoming “Khayra-UmmahKhayra-Ummah” cannot merely be confined to” cannot merely be confined to ““vacationsvacations” but a full-time endeavour requiring full commitment” but a full-time endeavour requiring full commitment
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. MUQADDIMAH (AN INTRODUCTION) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH Alas, I can understand the organizer’s constrain and the reality of theAlas, I can understand the organizer’s constrain and the reality of the situation of you students. Yet I hope you do not deem these sessions assituation of you students. Yet I hope you do not deem these sessions as merely of you learning subject on Islam, but rather I am inviting you tomerely of you learning subject on Islam, but rather I am inviting you to subject yourself to Islam – and may Allah grant ussubject yourself to Islam – and may Allah grant us TaufiqTaufiq (success)(success) So, what I have delivered in this series must be seen as the initialSo, what I have delivered in this series must be seen as the initial nurturing - planting of seed, or perhaps identifying for you your essence,nurturing - planting of seed, or perhaps identifying for you your essence, reminding you of your destiny and guiding you through the path of lifereminding you of your destiny and guiding you through the path of life development as Muslim –development as Muslim – ““not a student who is Muslim but a Muslimnot a student who is Muslim but a Muslim who is currently a studentwho is currently a student””
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. MUQADDIMAH (AN INTRODUCTION) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH To me, we should be clear that lessons in life (though given in disparateTo me, we should be clear that lessons in life (though given in disparate occasion and quantum that may seem little or insignifant), yet for usoccasion and quantum that may seem little or insignifant), yet for us Muslims they constitute one whole (Muslims they constitute one whole (TAUTAUHHEEDICEEDIC paradigm) towardsparadigm) towards instilling our proper understanding of Islam, clarifying and forming ourinstilling our proper understanding of Islam, clarifying and forming our Islamic worldview (of Existence and Reality) amidst the challenges fromIslamic worldview (of Existence and Reality) amidst the challenges from other faith, -ism and ideologies and re-orientating the Muslims’ educationother faith, -ism and ideologies and re-orientating the Muslims’ education developmental trajectory towards them becoming the “developmental trajectory towards them becoming the “Khayra-UmmahKhayra-Ummah”” (the best of community)(the best of community)
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. MUQADDIMAH (AN INTRODUCTION) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  9. 9. ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF GODATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF GOD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ESSENTIALLY IT IS ALSO From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  11. 11. “This (UMMATUKUM) community of yours is one community (UMMATAN WAHIDAH) , and I am your Lord; so hold Me alone in fear (FAT-TAQUUN). But people later cut up their religion into bits, each group rejoicing in what they have. So leave them immersed in their heedlessness till an appointed time.” (Qur’an: Mu’minun: 23: 52-54) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (SHAAHIDAHSHAAHIDAH), a), a Bearer of Glad Tidings (Bearer of Glad Tidings (MUBAS-SHIRAHMUBAS-SHIRAH), and a Warner (), and a Warner (NADZEERAHNADZEERAH)―)― And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (DAA-’IYANDAA-’IYAN ILALLAAHILALLAAH) , and as a Lamp spreading Light () , and as a Lamp spreading Light (SIRAAJAN MUNEERAHSIRAAJAN MUNEERAH).”).” ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 45-46Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 45-46)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-BIL-HHIKMAHIKMAH)) and beautiful preaching (and beautiful preaching (MAU-’IZAH-MAU-’IZAH-HHASANAHASANAH); and argue); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (with them in ways that are best and most gracious (JAADIL-JAADIL- HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AHUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AHHSANSAN): for thy Lord knows, best who): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “ ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““O Mankind! We created you all from a male and aO Mankind! We created you all from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes sofemale, and made you into nations and tribes so that you may know one another (that you may know one another (LITA-’AA-RA-LITA-’AA-RA- FUUFUU). Verily the noblest of you in the sight of Allah). Verily the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most (is the most (TAQWATAQWA) God-fearing of you. Surely) God-fearing of you. Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.“Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.“ ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ””Let there beLet there be no compulsion in religionno compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear. Truth stands out clear from Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hathfrom Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks.grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.”And Allah hears and knows all things.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ”” If it had been the Lord's Will they would all have believed allIf it had been the Lord's Will they would all have believed all who are on earth!who are on earth! Wilt thou then compel mankind against theirWilt thou then compel mankind against their will to believe?will to believe?”” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““O YOU who have attained to faith!O YOU who have attained to faith! Be helpers [in the causeBe helpers [in the cause of Allah]of Allah] - even as Jesus, the son of Mary, said unto the- even as Jesus, the son of Mary, said unto the white-garbed ones, "Who will be my helpers in Allah'swhite-garbed ones, "Who will be my helpers in Allah's cause?" - whereupon the white-garbed [disciples] replied,cause?" - whereupon the white-garbed [disciples] replied, ""We shall be [thy] helpers [in the cause] of AllahWe shall be [thy] helpers [in the cause] of Allah!”!” ((Qur’an: Saff: 61: 14Qur’an: Saff: 61: 14)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  21. 21. ““And let there be [arising] from you a nation (And let there be [arising] from you a nation (YAD-’UU-NAYAD-’UU-NA)) inviting to [all that is] good (inviting to [all that is] good (KHAYRKHAYR), enjoining what is right), enjoining what is right ((AMRU-BIL-MA’RUFAMRU-BIL-MA’RUF) and forbidding what is wrong () and forbidding what is wrong (NAH-NAH- YU-’ANIL-MUNKARYU-’ANIL-MUNKAR), and those will be the successful (), and those will be the successful (MUF-MUF- LILIHHUUNUUN).”).” ((Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 104Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 104)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  23. 23. THEN WE CONTINUED WITH THE TOPIC … All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH COMPETE YOU IN THE DOING OF GOOD THEREFORE, MUSLIMS MUST STRIVE IN THIS – ‘GOODNESS’ AS DEFINED BY ISLAM)THEREFORE, MUSLIMS MUST STRIVE IN THIS – ‘GOODNESS’ AS DEFINED BY ISLAM) TO BECOME THE ‘KHAYRA UMMAH’ – BEST COMMUNITY. TO DO OTERWISE OR TOTO BECOME THE ‘KHAYRA UMMAH’ – BEST COMMUNITY. TO DO OTERWISE OR TO SLACKEN MAY TANTAMOUNT TO BETRAYING THE TRUST (AMANAH) OF DA’WAHSLACKEN MAY TANTAMOUNT TO BETRAYING THE TRUST (AMANAH) OF DA’WAH OF THIS DEEN.OF THIS DEEN.
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  25. 25. MUSLIMS COMMANDED TO BE ‘WITNESSES’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH BEAR WITNESS - THE WITNESS – THE WITNESSES - TESTIFY
  26. 26. ((SHAHADASHAHADA) - told/gave information, to witness /) - told/gave information, to witness / to see, to be present, give evidence/testimony, bearto see, to be present, give evidence/testimony, bear witnesswitness ((MUSH-HADMUSH-HAD) - time or place of being present or) - time or place of being present or of giving or hearing evidence, meeting placeof giving or hearing evidence, meeting place ((MASH-HUDMASH-HUD) - that which is witnessed) - that which is witnessed TRILATERAL ROOT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  27. 27. ((SHAHEEDSHAHEED) - One who tells, or gives information) - One who tells, or gives information of, what has witnessed, or see or behold with his eye :of, what has witnessed, or see or behold with his eye : one who declares what he knows or believe: martyr :one who declares what he knows or believe: martyr : TRILATERAL ROOT ((SHUHADAA-USHUHADAA-U) - Referring to those possessing) - Referring to those possessing much knowledge with respect to external thing; yourmuch knowledge with respect to external thing; your helpers:helpers: ((MUSHAA-HADAHMUSHAA-HADAH) - the seeing of , viewing,) - the seeing of , viewing, witnessing of a spectacle, apparition, vision etc :witnessing of a spectacle, apparition, vision etc : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““And strive (And strive (WA-JAA-HADUWA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought to) in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosenstrive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; ityou, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the (is the (MILLATMILLAT) creed of your father Abraham. It is He) creed of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in thisWho has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger ((Revelation); that the Messenger (SHAHEEDANSHAHEEDAN) may be a) may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind!witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! ((SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAAS)).“.“ ((Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78)) From previous topic – “From previous topic – “Islamic UkhuwwahIslamic Ukhuwwah” (23 May 2013)” (23 May 2013)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH And [mention] when your Lord took from the children ofAnd [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and madeAdam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I notAm I not your Lord?your Lord?"" They said, "They said, "Yes, we have testifiedYes, we have testified ((BALA SHAHEED-NABALA SHAHEED-NA).")." [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection,[This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware.""Indeed, we were of this unaware." ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172))
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““Allah bears witness (Allah bears witness (SHAHIDASHAHIDA) that there is no god but He,) that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge,and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, ((QAA-IMANQAA-IMAN) maintaining His creation with justice () maintaining His creation with justice (QISQISTwTw);); there is no god but He (there is no god but He (LAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LAA-HULAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LAA-HU) , the Mighty,) , the Mighty, the Wise.the Wise.““ ((Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3:18Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3:18))
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH “O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm (QAW-WAA-MINA) for Allah, witnesses in justice (SHUHADAA-I BIL-QISTw), and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just (A’-DILU). ; that is nearer to righteousness (TAQWA). And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.“ (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5:8)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH “O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice (QISTw), witnesses for Allah (SHUHADA-A-LILLAAH), even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just (A’DILU). And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted“ (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:135)
  39. 39. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““O YOU whoO YOU who have attained to faithhave attained to faith ((IIMANIIMAN)! Fasting is ordained for)! Fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for those before you,you as it was ordained for those before you, so that you might learnso that you might learn self-restraintself-restraint (being conscious and fear Allah -(being conscious and fear Allah - TAQWATAQWA):”):” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““RamaRamadhdhan is the (month) in which was sent down thean is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'anQur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).”guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““ So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. ”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““Allah wills that you shall have ease, and does not will you to sufferAllah wills that you shall have ease, and does not will you to suffer hardship;hardship; but [He desires] that you complete the number [of daysbut [He desires] that you complete the number [of days requiredrequired], and], and that you extol Allah for His having guided you arightthat you extol Allah for His having guided you aright, and, and thatthat you render your thanksyou render your thanks [unto Him] –[unto Him] – TASH-KURUN – (SHAKUR)TASH-KURUN – (SHAKUR).”.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  44. 44.  ””So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month” -So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month” - (Sahih International)(Sahih International)  ““So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month ”So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month ” (Abdullah Yusuf Ali)(Abdullah Yusuf Ali)  ““Therefore from now on whoever witnesses it (the month)” –Therefore from now on whoever witnesses it (the month)” – (Maududi)(Maududi)  ““Hence whoever lives to see this month”Hence whoever lives to see this month” –– (Muhammad Asad)(Muhammad Asad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) MUSLIMS AS ‘WITNESSES’ OF RAMADHAN
  45. 45. ““... one sign of Truth in a... one sign of Truth in a DivineDivine teachingteaching is in its remaining ever unchangingis in its remaining ever unchanging and has universal appeal... “and has universal appeal... “ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  46. 46. Amongst the sign of a religion withAmongst the sign of a religion with DivineDivine guidance is when itsguidance is when its teachings are able to remain unchanging as it was originallyteachings are able to remain unchanging as it was originally instituted and are still being adhered to, in spite of changinginstituted and are still being adhered to, in spite of changing times and circumstancestimes and circumstances For Islam,For Islam, RamaRamadhdhanan highlights one of these – i.e.highlights one of these – i.e. FASTINGFASTING, in, in fact it was meant to re-affirm and re-establish the practices offact it was meant to re-affirm and re-establish the practices of earlier Prophets tooearlier Prophets too All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  47. 47. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Fasting isO YOU who have attained to faith! Fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for thoseordained for you as it was ordained for those before you, so that you might remain conscious ofbefore you, so that you might remain conscious of Allah (Allah (TAQWATAQWA):”):” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  48. 48. This phenomena of whole community (not mere individuals),This phenomena of whole community (not mere individuals), observing (what to modern men) a ‘harsh’ life-style of ‘starving’observing (what to modern men) a ‘harsh’ life-style of ‘starving’ amidst abundance of food – is rather a perplexing spectacle. “amidst abundance of food – is rather a perplexing spectacle. “It’sIt’s amazing! But why do they do it?amazing! But why do they do it?” is a common remark and query” is a common remark and query Muslims do it not for dieting, nor for health nor for any man-Muslims do it not for dieting, nor for health nor for any man- made reason. The unanimous reply when asked would be that itmade reason. The unanimous reply when asked would be that it is but “is but “a Divine commanda Divine command.”.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  49. 49. Despite secular anthropologist’s contention that all religion areDespite secular anthropologist’s contention that all religion are man-made – Muslims would adamantly reject this preposterousman-made – Muslims would adamantly reject this preposterous suggestion regardingsuggestion regarding Al-IslamAl-Islam – in the most effective and– in the most effective and practical way by becoming ever more religious.practical way by becoming ever more religious. Observers are indeed baffled at this phenomena, in spite ofObservers are indeed baffled at this phenomena, in spite of negative media reports andnegative media reports and IslamaphobiaIslamaphobia raging globally, moreraging globally, more so after “911”.so after “911”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  50. 50. For Muslims, this in fact has everything to do withFor Muslims, this in fact has everything to do with DivineDivine intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts:intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  51. 51. ““They want to extinguish Allah's [guiding] lightThey want to extinguish Allah's [guiding] light with their utterances: but Allah will not allowwith their utterances: but Allah will not allow [this to pass], for He has willed to spread His[this to pass], for He has willed to spread His light in all its fullness, however hateful this maylight in all its fullness, however hateful this may be to all who deny the truth.”be to all who deny the truth.” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 32Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 32)) For Muslims, this in fact has everything to do withFor Muslims, this in fact has everything to do with DivineDivine intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts:intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  52. 52. For Muslims, this in fact has everything to do withFor Muslims, this in fact has everything to do with DivineDivine intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts:intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  53. 53. ““He it is who has sent forth His Apostle with theHe it is who has sent forth His Apostle with the [task of spreading] guidance and the religion of[task of spreading] guidance and the religion of truth, to the end that He make it prevail overtruth, to the end that He make it prevail over every [false] religion; and none can bear witnessevery [false] religion; and none can bear witness [to the truth] as God does.”[to the truth] as God does.” ((Qur’an: Fath: 48: 28Qur’an: Fath: 48: 28)) For Muslims, this in fact has everything to do withFor Muslims, this in fact has everything to do with DivineDivine intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts:intervention. Allah s.w.t. asserts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  54. 54. ““... only a... only a DivineDivine force is capable offorce is capable of mobilizing the faithful hearts ... “mobilizing the faithful hearts ... “ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  55. 55. Mankind has never been able to promote a campaign of globalMankind has never been able to promote a campaign of global magnitude prior to the availability of communicationmagnitude prior to the availability of communication technology.technology. Yet,Yet, RamaRamadhdhanan for Muslims, everywhere even in remote places,for Muslims, everywhere even in remote places, marks the time for a one-month long campaign of daily fasting,marks the time for a one-month long campaign of daily fasting, of increase charity, of upgrading devotions, of self-restrain, etc.of increase charity, of upgrading devotions, of self-restrain, etc. And it would be ushered, in synchrony, without fail as it hasAnd it would be ushered, in synchrony, without fail as it has been observed since over 1400 years ago. And, without thebeen observed since over 1400 years ago. And, without the advantage of modern technology.advantage of modern technology. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  56. 56. What manner of organizing is capable of such feat? WhenWhat manner of organizing is capable of such feat? When people marvel at the ability for organizing campaign, spendingpeople marvel at the ability for organizing campaign, spending vast sums of money and resource to promote, such as “vast sums of money and resource to promote, such as “SavingSaving GaiaGaia”, “”, “World Aids dayWorld Aids day” etc. but with minimal success.” etc. but with minimal success. Yet whenYet when RamaRamadhdhanan comes, the observance and support; thecomes, the observance and support; the righteous acts which it promotes; never cease to fail - yetrighteous acts which it promotes; never cease to fail - yet without the need for fanfare and costly campaigning – onlywithout the need for fanfare and costly campaigning – only relying upon the faithfulrelying upon the faithful Muslims’ attachment toMuslims’ attachment to the Divinethe Divine.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  57. 57. And when any campaign ultimately would highlight itsAnd when any campaign ultimately would highlight its organizer, thus fororganizer, thus for RamaRamadhdhanan it all points to theit all points to the DivineDivine,, AllahAllah –– there is no other divinity savethere is no other divinity save AllahAllah Who alone is god. AndWho alone is god. And those who believe in Him would manifest unity in purpose,those who believe in Him would manifest unity in purpose, brotherhood and worship / servitude. And those whobrotherhood and worship / servitude. And those who acknowledge Him would strive towards being conscious of Hisacknowledge Him would strive towards being conscious of His Presence, by restraining their desire and passion- except toPresence, by restraining their desire and passion- except to submit fully tosubmit fully to His Divine WillHis Divine Will (in Islam). This would be the(in Islam). This would be the unwritten slogan for other nations to see in this month ofunwritten slogan for other nations to see in this month of ““RamaRamadhdhanan”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  58. 58. And the Muslims areAnd the Muslims are DivinelyDivinely inspired and guided with:inspired and guided with: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  59. 59. And the Muslims areAnd the Muslims are DivinelyDivinely inspired and guided with:inspired and guided with: ““ .. and be not like those who are oblivious of Allah, and.. and be not like those who are oblivious of Allah, and whom He therefore causes to be oblivious of [what is goodwhom He therefore causes to be oblivious of [what is good for] their own selves: [for] it is they, they who are trulyfor] their own selves: [for] it is they, they who are truly depraved! Not equal are those who are destined for the firedepraved! Not equal are those who are destined for the fire and those who are destined for paradise: those who areand those who are destined for paradise: those who are destined for paradise - it is they, they [alone] who shalldestined for paradise - it is they, they [alone] who shall triumph [on Judgment Day]!”triumph [on Judgment Day]!” ((Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 19-20Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 19-20)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  60. 60. ““ ... Muslims are still the most worshipful and... Muslims are still the most worshipful and faithful community in our time whereasfaithful community in our time whereas doubts of thedoubts of the DivineDivine infect hearts of most ofinfect hearts of most of the people of the other faiths ...”the people of the other faiths ...” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  61. 61. Muslims may not realize it, but one of the admiration shown byMuslims may not realize it, but one of the admiration shown by non-Muslims towards the Islamic community is that they seenon-Muslims towards the Islamic community is that they see Muslims, generally (even amongst ordinary ‘lay’ people) toMuslims, generally (even amongst ordinary ‘lay’ people) to manifest great religiosity and devotion in their everyday life, asmanifest great religiosity and devotion in their everyday life, as compared to those of other faithscompared to those of other faiths For others, to worship one day in a week would already beFor others, to worship one day in a week would already be regarded as religious – whereas for all Muslims, 5 times daily !regarded as religious – whereas for all Muslims, 5 times daily ! All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  62. 62. And the manner of Muslim worship (And the manner of Muslim worship (SwolahSwolah), is simply), is simply astonishing to non-Muslims – especially when they observeastonishing to non-Muslims – especially when they observe Muslims engaging in congregational prayers.Muslims engaging in congregational prayers. InIn RamaRamadhdhanan, this symbol (spectacle) of connecting to the, this symbol (spectacle) of connecting to the DivineDivine,, is replicated every night wherever there are Muslims, not just inis replicated every night wherever there are Muslims, not just in mosques but even void-decks, community halls and open spaces.mosques but even void-decks, community halls and open spaces. It is even telecasted via TV and satellite.It is even telecasted via TV and satellite. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  63. 63. In a secular, materialist, irreligious age, the Muslims certainlyIn a secular, materialist, irreligious age, the Muslims certainly stand out – especially instand out – especially in RamaRamadhdhanan - as the most conspicuous- as the most conspicuous group of people to express, collectively and in a most spectaculargroup of people to express, collectively and in a most spectacular way, the existence and their reliance and devotion to theway, the existence and their reliance and devotion to the DivineDivine.. During the day they fasted, and its nights their devotional worshipDuring the day they fasted, and its nights their devotional worship would evoke imagery of ‘monastic life-style’, but yet Islam forbidwould evoke imagery of ‘monastic life-style’, but yet Islam forbid Muslims to become monks or nuns.Muslims to become monks or nuns. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  64. 64. And although there are religious people in other faiths too, yetAnd although there are religious people in other faiths too, yet these would only consist of the exceptional minority – theirthese would only consist of the exceptional minority – their clerics, priests, monks, nuns or leaders, whereas for the Muslimsclerics, priests, monks, nuns or leaders, whereas for the Muslims this (worshiping 5 times daily) and Ramadhan fasting, is the rulethis (worshiping 5 times daily) and Ramadhan fasting, is the rule to the general majority, not an exception.to the general majority, not an exception. Those who are discerning would have to admit to someThose who are discerning would have to admit to some DivineDivine handiworkhandiwork in all these – for no other reason can reasonablyin all these – for no other reason can reasonably explain.explain. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  65. 65. Allah s.w.t. alludes to this:Allah s.w.t. alludes to this: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  66. 66. Allah s.w.t. alludes to this:Allah s.w.t. alludes to this: MUHAMMAD is Allah’s Messenger; and those who areMUHAMMAD is Allah’s Messenger; and those who are [truly] with him are firm and unyielding towards all deniers[truly] with him are firm and unyielding towards all deniers of the truth, [yet] full of mercy towards one another. Thouof the truth, [yet] full of mercy towards one another. Thou canst see them bowing down, pros-trating themselves [incanst see them bowing down, pros-trating themselves [in prayer], seeking favour with Allah and [His] goodlyprayer], seeking favour with Allah and [His] goodly acceptance: their marks are on their faces, traced byacceptance: their marks are on their faces, traced by prostration … ”prostration … ” ((Qur’an: Fath : 48: 29Qur’an: Fath : 48: 29)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  67. 67. Allah s.w.t. alludes to this:Allah s.w.t. alludes to this: “ …“ … This is their parable in the Torah as well as their parable in theThis is their parable in the Torah as well as their parable in the Gospel: [they are] like a seed that brings forth its shoot, and thenGospel: [they are] like a seed that brings forth its shoot, and then He strengthens it, so that it grows stout, and [in the end] standsHe strengthens it, so that it grows stout, and [in the end] stands firm upon its stem, delighting the sowers [Thus will Allah causefirm upon its stem, delighting the sowers [Thus will Allah cause the believers to grow in strength,] so that through them He mightthe believers to grow in strength,] so that through them He might confound the deniers of the truth. [But] unto such of them as mayconfound the deniers of the truth. [But] unto such of them as may [yet] attain to faith and do righteous deeds, Allah has promised[yet] attain to faith and do righteous deeds, Allah has promised forgiveness and a reward supreme.”forgiveness and a reward supreme.” ((Qur’an: Fath : 48: 29Qur’an: Fath : 48: 29)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  68. 68. ““ ... Muslims’ attachment to the... Muslims’ attachment to the DivineDivine makesmakes them able to be detached from the effect ofthem able to be detached from the effect of the materialistic world, yet not forsakingthe materialistic world, yet not forsaking the goodness in it ... “the goodness in it ... “ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  69. 69. A true Muslim will always remember thatA true Muslim will always remember that ““we are from Allah,we are from Allah, and unto Allah we shall be made to return toand unto Allah we shall be made to return to.”.” We all belong toWe all belong to the Divinethe Divine.. Thus he may beThus he may be ““in this worldin this world”” but he would certainly know thatbut he would certainly know that ““he is not of this worldhe is not of this world.”.” Others may not be significantly aware of this until they interactOthers may not be significantly aware of this until they interact with them inwith them in RamaRamadhdhanan.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  70. 70. A Muslim observing the fast would exude an extra-ordinary butA Muslim observing the fast would exude an extra-ordinary but a conscious detachment to worldly needs and physical desire.a conscious detachment to worldly needs and physical desire. Certainly he is undergoing a “great battle” within himself, for toCertainly he is undergoing a “great battle” within himself, for to be “be “MuslimMuslim“ is to to“ is to to “subdue our will and desire and submit it to“subdue our will and desire and submit it to the Divine Will”.the Divine Will”. A common feat for Muslims.A common feat for Muslims. So, understand this O people who can reflect !So, understand this O people who can reflect ! All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  71. 71. ““ ... though some of the ways of Muslims seem... though some of the ways of Muslims seem strange today, but it does resemblestrange today, but it does resemble practices of such past personalities underpractices of such past personalities under DivineDivine guidance (Prophets) ... Abraham,guidance (Prophets) ... Abraham, Moses, Jesus ....”Moses, Jesus ....” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  72. 72. Muslims are told that fasting is not something new, butMuslims are told that fasting is not something new, but was ordained also in the past:was ordained also in the past: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  73. 73. Muslims are told that fasting is not something new, butMuslims are told that fasting is not something new, but was ordained also in the past:was ordained also in the past: ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Fasting isO YOU who have attained to faith! Fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for thoseordained for you as it was ordained for those before you, so that you might remainbefore you, so that you might remain conscious of Allah (conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA):”):” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  74. 74. ““Go, gather all the Jews to be foundGo, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on myin Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and neither eat nor drink forbehalf, and neither eat nor drink for three days, night or day ...”three days, night or day ...” ((O.T. Esther:4:16O.T. Esther:4:16)) ““And they said to him (Jesus): “TheAnd they said to him (Jesus): “The disciples of John fast often and offerdisciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples ofprayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees ...”the Pharisees ...” ((N.T. Gospel of Luke: 5: 33N.T. Gospel of Luke: 5: 33)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  75. 75. Although fasting is acknowledged in other scriptures, yetAlthough fasting is acknowledged in other scriptures, yet it has been almost forgotten - relegated as a rare practiceit has been almost forgotten - relegated as a rare practice only amongst very few of their religious elites – as anonly amongst very few of their religious elites – as an exception rather than as a rule.exception rather than as a rule. Through the Muslims inThrough the Muslims in RamaRamadhdhanan, one cannot but notice, one cannot but notice this practice – perhaps surprised as it seem strange, orthis practice – perhaps surprised as it seem strange, or react with cynicism, or some may be react with awe.react with cynicism, or some may be react with awe. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  76. 76. Muslims, inMuslims, in RamaRamadhdhanan are re-asserting this practice ofare re-asserting this practice of past sages, Prophets and indeed demonstrate, that evenpast sages, Prophets and indeed demonstrate, that even ordinary laity amongst the people even can emulate themordinary laity amongst the people even can emulate them in this righteousness. More so in today’s Secular andin this righteousness. More so in today’s Secular and irreligious era, Muslims as a community, are remindingirreligious era, Muslims as a community, are reminding those with similar traditions, to re-assume a worthythose with similar traditions, to re-assume a worthy practice in devotion to thepractice in devotion to the DivineDivine through self-restrain.through self-restrain. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  77. 77. This also re-iterate that the message brought by LastThis also re-iterate that the message brought by Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. is not something new, butProphet Muhammad s.a.a.w. is not something new, but only as culmination of what had already been brought byonly as culmination of what had already been brought by previous Prophets from Adam, Noah, Abraham, Mosesprevious Prophets from Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus (may Peace & blessings be upon all of them). i.e.and Jesus (may Peace & blessings be upon all of them). i.e. The message of Pure Monotheism –The message of Pure Monotheism – TAUTAUHHEEDEED –– ““Attestation to the AbsoluteAttestation to the Absolute Oneness of the DivineOneness of the Divine”.”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  79. 79. ““ ... Do good to others, as Allah (the... Do good to others, as Allah (the One True DivineOne True Divine)) has been good to you; and seek not to createhas been good to you; and seek not to create mischief on this earth, for Allah loves not the wrong-mischief on this earth, for Allah loves not the wrong- doer.”doer.” ((Qur’an: Qasas: 77Qur’an: Qasas: 77)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  80. 80. Muslims are taught to express gratitude towards Allah s.w.t. byMuslims are taught to express gratitude towards Allah s.w.t. by fulfilling the needs of others, for the sake of love for Allah s.w.t.fulfilling the needs of others, for the sake of love for Allah s.w.t. Prophet Muhammad said:Prophet Muhammad said: “The best of mankind are those who“The best of mankind are those who benefits others”benefits others” Thus, amongst the lessons learnt by Muslim in fasting is toThus, amongst the lessons learnt by Muslim in fasting is to experience the suffering of the poor and needy – to developexperience the suffering of the poor and needy – to develop empathy.empathy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  81. 81. Appreciation of Allah’s favour must be reciprocated throughAppreciation of Allah’s favour must be reciprocated through helping others. Thus, inhelping others. Thus, in RamaRamadhdhanan, the spirit of sharing,, the spirit of sharing, neighbourliness, of strengthening bonds of kinship, of giving toneighbourliness, of strengthening bonds of kinship, of giving to those in need and charity of all kinds, etc. are much enhanced.those in need and charity of all kinds, etc. are much enhanced. Especially in providing the simple basic needs which many haveEspecially in providing the simple basic needs which many have taken for granted, like sharing a meal.taken for granted, like sharing a meal. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  82. 82. Islam emphasise that devotion to Allah, must also include beingIslam emphasise that devotion to Allah, must also include being good to His creations.good to His creations. Muslims are taught to strive towards being people ofMuslims are taught to strive towards being people of Righteousness.Righteousness. But what is “But what is “Righteousness (AL-BIRRRighteousness (AL-BIRR”?”? In the Qur’an, Allah s.w.t. elaborates and teaches the Muslims:In the Qur’an, Allah s.w.t. elaborates and teaches the Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  84. 84. ““True piety does not consist in turning your faces towardsTrue piety does not consist in turning your faces towards the east or the west - but truly pious is he who believes inthe east or the west - but truly pious is he who believes in Allah, and the Last Day; and the angels, and revelation, andAllah, and the Last Day; and the angels, and revelation, and the prophets; and spends his substance - however much hethe prophets; and spends his substance - however much he himself may cherish - it - upon his near of kin, and thehimself may cherish - it - upon his near of kin, and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and the beggars,orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and the beggars, and for the freeing of human beings from bondage;.. .”and for the freeing of human beings from bondage;.. .” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  85. 85. “…“… and is constant in prayer, and renders the purifyingand is constant in prayer, and renders the purifying dues; and [truly pious are] they who keep theirdues; and [truly pious are] they who keep their promises whenever they promise, and are patient inpromises whenever they promise, and are patient in misfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is theymisfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is they that have proved themselves true, and it is they, theythat have proved themselves true, and it is they, they who are conscious of Allah.”who are conscious of Allah.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  86. 86. “…“… and is constant in prayer, and renders the purifyingand is constant in prayer, and renders the purifying dues; and [truly pious are] they who keep theirdues; and [truly pious are] they who keep their promises whenever they promise, and are patient inpromises whenever they promise, and are patient in misfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is theymisfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is they that have proved themselves true, and it is they, theythat have proved themselves true, and it is they, they who are conscious of Allah.”who are conscious of Allah.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 177)) RAMARAMADHDHAN – MONTH OF TESTAN – MONTH OF TEST THESE QUALITIES ARE BEING INCULCATEDTHESE QUALITIES ARE BEING INCULCATED THROUGHOUT THIS MONTH OF RAMATHROUGHOUT THIS MONTH OF RAMADHDHAN -AN - TO TEACH EVERY MUSLIM THAT - WITH ALLAH’STO TEACH EVERY MUSLIM THAT - WITH ALLAH’S GUIDANCE, THIS CAN BE THEIR STANDARD OF LIFEGUIDANCE, THIS CAN BE THEIR STANDARD OF LIFE THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE YEAR – UNTILTHROUGHOUT THE WHOLE YEAR – UNTIL ANOTHER RAMAANOTHER RAMADHDHAN COMES.AN COMES. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  88. 88. “This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah. On the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt - from the (Divine) Lord of the Universe” (Surah Yunus : 10: 37) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  89. 89. ““It was the month ofIt was the month of RamaRamadhdhan in which the Qur'an wasan in which the Qur'an was [first] bestowed from on high[first] bestowed from on high as a guidance unto man and aas a guidance unto man and a self-evident proof of that guidance, and as the standard byself-evident proof of that guidance, and as the standard by which to discern the true from the false.”which to discern the true from the false.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  90. 90. The Qur’an – being that livingThe Qur’an – being that living proof of Prophet Muhammad’sproof of Prophet Muhammad’s claim to be the Messenger of Allah –claim to be the Messenger of Allah – as the outstanding miracleas the outstanding miracle of theof the DivineDivine authorship cannot be ignored. Miraculously, it isauthorship cannot be ignored. Miraculously, it is still available untampered. Its original recitation, preservedstill available untampered. Its original recitation, preserved through unbroken chain of reciters (through unbroken chain of reciters (MUQRI’ - HUFFAZMUQRI’ - HUFFAZ). In fact,). In fact, the Muslim regard the whole of it to be literally the “the Muslim regard the whole of it to be literally the “Words”Words” ofof AllahAllah the one and onlythe one and only Divine BeingDivine Being, Creator and Sustainer of all, Creator and Sustainer of all the worlds.the worlds. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  91. 91. Though others may not as yet believe this claim, yet Muslims notThough others may not as yet believe this claim, yet Muslims not only assert this, but manifest their conviction concerning itsonly assert this, but manifest their conviction concerning its DivineDivine source with a genuine display of attitude, adoration,source with a genuine display of attitude, adoration, reliance and reverence towards it and its teachings.reliance and reverence towards it and its teachings. It is up to others, who sincerely seek after the Truth toIt is up to others, who sincerely seek after the Truth to investigate for themselves. To find out – why do more than 1.5investigate for themselves. To find out – why do more than 1.5 billion Muslims (currently) so dead-certain, nay are unanimouslybillion Muslims (currently) so dead-certain, nay are unanimously in agreement, regarding this one Book ? If not, only to satisfy thisin agreement, regarding this one Book ? If not, only to satisfy this curiosity.curiosity. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  92. 92. And it is in this month ofAnd it is in this month of RamaRamadhdhanan that the Muslims’ pre-that the Muslims’ pre- occupation with the Qur’an becomes conspicuously evident,occupation with the Qur’an becomes conspicuously evident, unlike any other months.unlike any other months. Special honour, respect and reverential attention are given for itsSpecial honour, respect and reverential attention are given for its recitation; to its reciters and memorizers, and to the assembliesrecitation; to its reciters and memorizers, and to the assemblies where its teachings are expounded. The amazing spectacle iswhere its teachings are expounded. The amazing spectacle is that there is only one Al-Qur’an – undisputed and unanimouslythat there is only one Al-Qur’an – undisputed and unanimously agreed- which add to itsagreed- which add to its DivineDivine claim.claim. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  93. 93. Its angelic recitations are even celebrated, when additional nightIts angelic recitations are even celebrated, when additional night prayers in some mosques would entail commitment to completeprayers in some mosques would entail commitment to complete reciting the whole of the Qur’an in this month – whether it bereciting the whole of the Qur’an in this month – whether it be “TaraweeH”“TaraweeH” oror “Taddarus.”“Taddarus.” With satellite technology, the special prayer from the GrandWith satellite technology, the special prayer from the Grand mosque inmosque in MakkahMakkah, where the, where the ImamImam recites from memory onerecites from memory one **juzujuzu’’ of theof the Divine Qur’anDivine Qur’an each night, would be beamedeach night, would be beamed worldwide.worldwide. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ** Juzu’Juzu’ - “one-thirtieth of the whole Qur’an”- “one-thirtieth of the whole Qur’an”
  94. 94. The night in which the Qur’an was revealed (which some believeThe night in which the Qur’an was revealed (which some believe may also be) the Night of power or Decree (may also be) the Night of power or Decree (Layla-tul-QadrLayla-tul-Qadr), is), is much awaited in one of the nights ofmuch awaited in one of the nights of RamaRamadhdhanan – indeed a– indeed a special additional value to this month diligently waited byspecial additional value to this month diligently waited by Muslims because Allah says:Muslims because Allah says: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  96. 96. ““We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the nightWe have indeed revealed this (Message) in the night of Power(Decree): And what will explain to theeof Power(Decree): And what will explain to thee what the Night of Power(Decree) is? The Night ofwhat the Night of Power(Decree) is? The Night of Power(Decree) isPower(Decree) is better than a thousand Months.better than a thousand Months. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit byTherein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah's permission, on every errand: Peace!... ThisAllah's permission, on every errand: Peace!... This until the rise of Morn!until the rise of Morn! ((Qur’an: al-Qadr: 97: 1-5Qur’an: al-Qadr: 97: 1-5)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  97. 97. ““Will they not, then, try to understand this Qur’an?Will they not, then, try to understand this Qur’an? Had it issued from any but Allah, they would surelyHad it issued from any but Allah, they would surely have found in it many an inner contradiction!”have found in it many an inner contradiction!” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 28Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  98. 98. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  99. 99. ”” ...to complete the prescribed period (of Fasting),...to complete the prescribed period (of Fasting), and toand to glorifyglorify Him (Him (the One and only truethe One and only true DivineDivine) in that He has guided you ....”) in that He has guided you ....” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  100. 100. Muslims regard their striving in every act of devotion inMuslims regard their striving in every act of devotion in RamaRamadhdhanan merely as a test of their Faith to themerely as a test of their Faith to the DivineDivine.. They are taught to be sincere by eradicating any self-conceitThey are taught to be sincere by eradicating any self-conceit attached to their devotions. They are much aware of theirattached to their devotions. They are much aware of their shortcomings and race to gain the Mercy and forgiveness fromshortcomings and race to gain the Mercy and forgiveness from Allah s.w.t. especially in this month.Allah s.w.t. especially in this month. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  101. 101. Thus their accomplishment ofThus their accomplishment of RamaRamadhdhanan fasting would befasting would be measured by the degree of their being grateful to Allah s.w.t. –measured by the degree of their being grateful to Allah s.w.t. – to be expressed by the Glorification of Allah (as theto be expressed by the Glorification of Allah (as the OneOne DivineDivine BeingBeing without any partner).without any partner). The chanting of this Glorification (The chanting of this Glorification (TakbirTakbir) is the capping finale) is the capping finale followed by open-mass prayer in the morning offollowed by open-mass prayer in the morning of EID-UL-FITRIEID-UL-FITRI.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  102. 102. This brief elucidation is not exhaustive ......This brief elucidation is not exhaustive ...... hoping only to highlight some of thehoping only to highlight some of the meanings which can be discerned frommeanings which can be discerned from RamaRamadhdhanan –– “as a spectacle of the Divine.”“as a spectacle of the Divine.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  103. 103. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  104. 104. And say: "Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe yourAnd say: "Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye bework, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open:brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that ye did."then will He show you the truth of all that ye did." ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  105. 105. ““(Say our life takes its) colour from Allah; and who could give a(Say our life takes its) colour from Allah; and who could give a better colour (to life) than Allah? and it is He (Alone) Whom webetter colour (to life) than Allah? and it is He (Alone) Whom we worship. Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah, seeing that Heworship. Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah, seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doingsis our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?”and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?” ((Surah al-Baqarah: 2: 138-139Surah al-Baqarah: 2: 138-139)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  106. 106. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) May Allah grant us all, and all our beloved family andMay Allah grant us all, and all our beloved family and companions, the success (companions, the success (TAUFIQTAUFIQ) and the Guidance) and the Guidance ((HIDAAYAHIDAAYA) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and Mercy (Mercy (RAHMAHRAHMAH) and gain His Pleasure () and gain His Pleasure (MARDHA-TILLAHMARDHA-TILLAH).). IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  107. 107. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 107All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))

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