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Slideshare (lesson#7)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-tawassul-(28-oct-2015)

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WHAT IS “ TAWASSUL “ ?

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Slideshare (lesson#7)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-tawassul-(28-oct-2015)

  1. 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims.Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIMFOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS,PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYIN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL # 7# 7 For further information and registration contact EFor further information and registration contact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 LESSON ““INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUTAUHHEED – (AQA’ID)EED – (AQA’ID)”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail BATCH - #5 [AUGUST-DEC-2015] Updated 28 October 2015Updated 28 October 2015 18 weekly class starting:18 weekly class starting: 12th AUGUST 201512th AUGUST 2015 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pmEvery Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim#02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) WHAT IS “WHAT IS “ TAWASSUL “ ?TAWASSUL “ ?
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  5. 5. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  7. 7. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  8. 8. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING SOME PEOPLE CLAIMING TO BE MUSLIMS FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. TO CONTINUETO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘TAWAS-SULTAWAS-SUL’ – is from the word’ – is from the word ’’WASALAWASALA’ – “’ – “seek to gain access; to solicit; to implore; toseek to gain access; to solicit; to implore; to turn with a request; make use of a meansturn with a request; make use of a means” etc., from which we then” etc., from which we then get the word:get the word: - - “- - “ WASA-ILWASA-IL (sing.)(sing.) ““WASII-LAHWASII-LAH (pl.)(pl.) - meaning :- meaning : ““means, medium, way, position, status, etc.means, medium, way, position, status, etc.”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. Generally we refer this term to the :Generally we refer this term to the : ““ way, or means of attaining something, a cause to seek an effect,way, or means of attaining something, a cause to seek an effect,”” This can be applied to refer to physical laws too, as in physical laws ofThis can be applied to refer to physical laws too, as in physical laws of causality, etc. but our concern here when speaking ofcausality, etc. but our concern here when speaking of TAWASSULTAWASSUL isis in spiritual or religious matters, the unseenin spiritual or religious matters, the unseen ((GHAYBIYYAHGHAYBIYYAH), as in), as in makingmaking Du’aDu’a,, gaining blessings, safety, prosperity, longevity, etcgaining blessings, safety, prosperity, longevity, etc.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. Thus in the study ofThus in the study of TAUTAUHHEEDEED, by this term, we specifically mean :, by this term, we specifically mean : ““ making request, petition, supplication by way of, or by means of,making request, petition, supplication by way of, or by means of, something being sought in matters of religious domain orsomething being sought in matters of religious domain or metaphysical realmmetaphysical realm”” And these kinds ofAnd these kinds of WASILAHWASILAH ((sought in matters of religious domainsought in matters of religious domain or metaphysical realm) cannot be truly known,or metaphysical realm) cannot be truly known, except by (TAUQIF)except by (TAUQIF) reliance and guidance of Allah’sreliance and guidance of Allah’s revelationrevelation ( in( in Al-QUR’ANAl-QUR’AN andand As-As- SUNNAHSUNNAH).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. ““O ye who believe! (Be conscious of and) do your duty toO ye who believe! (Be conscious of and) do your duty to Allah, seek theAllah, seek the WASILAHWASILAH (means of approach) unto Him, and(means of approach) unto Him, and strive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye maystrive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye may prosper.”prosper.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35)) ALLAH (SWT) COMMANDSALLAH (SWT) COMMANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. Early Muslim scholars commented that the termEarly Muslim scholars commented that the term WASILAHWASILAH in thisin this verse meansverse means AL-QURBAHAL-QURBAH i.e. “i.e. “seeking nearnessseeking nearness” . Thus” . Thus TAWASSULTAWASSUL is defined:is defined: ““ seeking nearness to, or making request, petition, supplication toseeking nearness to, or making request, petition, supplication to Allah by way of, or by means of, something to ensure success ofAllah by way of, or by means of, something to ensure success of what is being soughtwhat is being sought ”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : Some peoples’ understanding ofSome peoples’ understanding of TAWASSULTAWASSUL (generally translated)(generally translated) asas ““ intermediariesintermediaries”” is ambiguous and inaccurate, and may lead tois ambiguous and inaccurate, and may lead to a misunderstanding of Islamic concept of worship.a misunderstanding of Islamic concept of worship. Note here that Allah SWT uses the termNote here that Allah SWT uses the term ““WASILAHWASILAH ”” (ref: Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 35).(ref: Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 35). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. The word forThe word for ““intermediaryintermediary”” in Arabic which isin Arabic which is -- WASIWASITwTwAHAH “,“, although can also refer toalthough can also refer to ““means ormeans or mediummedium”,”, but it has a different nuance as compared to the termbut it has a different nuance as compared to the term ““ -- WASILAH.WASILAH.”” IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : Whenever the English wordWhenever the English word ““intermediaryintermediary”” is used, inadvertently itis used, inadvertently it evoke in one’s mind, a distinct separation between two things, whichevoke in one’s mind, a distinct separation between two things, which it is linking or bridging – sort of a go-between.it is linking or bridging – sort of a go-between. But worship (But worship (‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH) in Islam to Allah SWT) in Islam to Allah SWT is direct and does notis direct and does not requirerequire anyany ““intermediariesintermediaries”” as in some other religionsas in some other religions.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  18. 18. This point must be clarified, because there are people who are quickThis point must be clarified, because there are people who are quick to assume as though we Muslims regard Allah to be ‘to assume as though we Muslims regard Allah to be ‘remote ; orremote ; or detached; cut-off; etcdetached; cut-off; etc,’ – and that,’ – and that ‘‘intermediariesintermediaries’’ are thereforeare therefore needed, or are essential, as ‘go-between’. This is not a correct view!needed, or are essential, as ‘go-between’. This is not a correct view! They may have been hasty and have erroneously ‘They may have been hasty and have erroneously ‘assumedassumed’ Islamic’ Islamic theology to be similarly understood like some other religions.theology to be similarly understood like some other religions. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. Islam rejects such notionIslam rejects such notion.. We Muslims are already convinced and conscious of Allah’sWe Muslims are already convinced and conscious of Allah’s intimate presence, nearness and omnipotence.intimate presence, nearness and omnipotence. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : ““AND IF My servants ask thee (Muhammad)AND IF My servants ask thee (Muhammad) about Me -about Me - behold, I am nearbehold, I am near”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. And our daily worship requires us to have a direct communion :And our daily worship requires us to have a direct communion : ““Worship Allah as though you see Him, if not, certainly He sees youWorship Allah as though you see Him, if not, certainly He sees you.”.” IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : ““NOW, VERILY, it is We who have created man, andNOW, VERILY, it is We who have created man, and We know what his innermost self whispers within him:We know what his innermost self whispers within him: for We are closer to him than his neck-veinfor We are closer to him than his neck-vein.”.” ((Qur’an: Qaf: 50: 16Qur’an: Qaf: 50: 16)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. It is in making our request to Allah – inIt is in making our request to Allah – in Du’aDu’a,, munajatmunajat, etc. that, etc. that the humility in ourselves, i.e. knowing how insignificant andthe humility in ourselves, i.e. knowing how insignificant and undeserving we are, that we are therefore taught to seek thisundeserving we are, that we are therefore taught to seek this WASILAHWASILAH -- asas ““means of imploring, or to strengthen or support ourmeans of imploring, or to strengthen or support our request or petitionrequest or petition,” -,” - lest we feel hopeless and despair as, in ourlest we feel hopeless and despair as, in our humility we would have deemed ourselves as being unworthy.humility we would have deemed ourselves as being unworthy. Thus, this verse regarding the use ofThus, this verse regarding the use of WASILAHWASILAH, indicate ways of, indicate ways of appealing to Allah for His abundant Grace, despite our flaws.appealing to Allah for His abundant Grace, despite our flaws. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. We therefore regardWe therefore regard TAWASSULTAWASSUL as only amongst theas only amongst the ‘‘AdabAdab’’ (right(right etiquette, approach) which Allah SWT have shown and taught us,etiquette, approach) which Allah SWT have shown and taught us, from His Compassion and Mercy.from His Compassion and Mercy. All our pleadings ultimately is directed to Allah SWT , Who Alone isAll our pleadings ultimately is directed to Allah SWT , Who Alone is the Divine, the One Who can fulfil all of our request and needs.the Divine, the One Who can fulfil all of our request and needs. ForFor nothing can occur without His Decree and permissionnothing can occur without His Decree and permission.. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  23. 23. REMEMBER ALWAYS THAT IN ISLAMREMEMBER ALWAYS THAT IN ISLAM ALL OUR PLEADINGS, (ALL OUR PLEADINGS, (DU’ADU’A) SUUPLICATION, ETC. ULTIMATELY IS) SUUPLICATION, ETC. ULTIMATELY IS DIRECTED TO ALLAH, WHO ALONE IS THE DIVINE WITHOUTDIRECTED TO ALLAH, WHO ALONE IS THE DIVINE WITHOUT PARTNERS, THE ONE WHO CAN FULFIL ALL OUR REQUESTS ANDPARTNERS, THE ONE WHO CAN FULFIL ALL OUR REQUESTS AND NEEDS – ANDNEEDS – AND NOT THENOT THE ‘‘WASILAHWASILAH’ .’ . IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. ““When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeedWhen My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them); I listen to the prayer of every suppliant whenclose (to them); I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me;he calls on Me; let them also with a will listen to My call andlet them also with a will listen to My call and believe in Mebelieve in Me; that they may walk in the right way.”; that they may walk in the right way.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186)) IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER : And your Lord says: "And your Lord says: "Call on (supplicate to) Me; I will answerCall on (supplicate to) Me; I will answer youryour ((Du’aDu’a -Prayer): But those who are too arrogant to serve-Prayer): But those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell in humiliation!"Me will surely find themselves in Hell in humiliation!" ((Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 60Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 60)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. BACK TO ALLAH’S (SWT) COMMANDBACK TO ALLAH’S (SWT) COMMAND ““O ye who believe! (O ye who believe! (IT-TAQULLAHIT-TAQULLAH -Be conscious of and) do your-Be conscious of and) do your duty to Allah, seek theduty to Allah, seek the WASILAHWASILAH (means of approach) unto Him,(means of approach) unto Him, and strive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye mayand strive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye may prosper.”prosper.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  29. 29. From this verseFrom this verse ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5:35Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5:35)) the first command to bethe first command to be noted is Allah’s command towardsnoted is Allah’s command towards TAQWATAQWA (“(“consciousness andconsciousness and fear of transgressing Allah’s commandfear of transgressing Allah’s command”).”). Then only comes the commandThen only comes the command ““to seek a way or the means orto seek a way or the means or approachapproach” –” – WASILAHWASILAH – to Allah– to Allah.. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : The significance of this is that:The significance of this is that: [1][1] TAQWATAQWA already implies upholding ofalready implies upholding of TAUTAUHHEEDEED.. Thus, as long as aThus, as long as a Muslim keep this in mind, his using of aMuslim keep this in mind, his using of a ‘‘WASILAHWASILAH’ is never to be’ is never to be regarded asregarded as ‘‘SHIRKSHIRK’.’. For us Muslims, we are to even correct theFor us Muslims, we are to even correct the MUSHRIKUNMUSHRIKUN (the polytheists) by asserting that other than Allah(the polytheists) by asserting that other than Allah SWT, all others are mere creations in need of Allah SWT, and thatSWT, all others are mere creations in need of Allah SWT, and that these too also have to seek some form ofthese too also have to seek some form of WASILAHWASILAH - as means of- as means of approach to Allah SWT – the way ordained as in Qur’an: Maa-idah:approach to Allah SWT – the way ordained as in Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5:355:35.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  31. 31. AS WHAT ALLAH (SWT) HAS ASSERTEDAS WHAT ALLAH (SWT) HAS ASSERTED ““Those whom they call upon are themselves seeking the means of access to their Lord (WASILAH), each trying to be nearer to Him. They crave for His Mercy and dread His chastisement. Surely your Lord's punishment is to be feared.”.” ((Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 57Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 57))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKRREMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : The next significance of this is that:The next significance of this is that: [2] In fact,[2] In fact, TAWASSULTAWASSUL is a command, and should be regarded as partis a command, and should be regarded as part ofof ““cause and effectcause and effect”” amongst Allah’s ways. Therefore anamongst Allah’s ways. Therefore anyy WASILAHWASILAH are not to be regarded as being independent of Allah,are not to be regarded as being independent of Allah, but can have possible effect only with Allah’s Will or permissionbut can have possible effect only with Allah’s Will or permission.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : The next significance of this is that:The next significance of this is that: [3] Thus, if a person was to[3] Thus, if a person was to ““seek a way or meansseek a way or means”” but thinking thatbut thinking that thethe WASILAHWASILAH possesses independent power from Allah SWT,possesses independent power from Allah SWT, onlyonly then can he be saidthen can he be said to be guilty ofto be guilty of ‘SHIRK‘SHIRK’’ ( sin of setting up a( sin of setting up a partner or rival to Allah SWT).partner or rival to Allah SWT). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE : The next significance of this is that:The next significance of this is that: [4] The difference of opinion regarding[4] The difference of opinion regarding TAWASSULTAWASSUL amongst certainamongst certain Muslim scholars is on legal ‘validity’, i.e. regarding “Muslim scholars is on legal ‘validity’, i.e. regarding “what canwhat can bebe accepted andaccepted and what cannot bewhat cannot be accepted asaccepted as WASILAHWASILAH” – according to” – according to the basis ofthe basis of SHARI’AHSHARI’AH (Islamic principles).(Islamic principles). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36. AGAIN REMEMBER THE IMPORTANT DZIKRAGAIN REMEMBER THE IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : According toAccording to SHARI’AHSHARI’AH,, all scholars accept that there are 3 types ofall scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAHWASILAH :: [1][1] TAWASSULTAWASSUL petitioning apetitioning a Du’aDu’a (supplication) by using or invoking(supplication) by using or invoking the Most Beautiful Names of Allahthe Most Beautiful Names of Allah ((AL-ASMA-AL-AL-ASMA-AL-HHUSNAUSNA).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : ““The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so callThe most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call (supplicate) on Him by (invoking) them”(supplicate) on Him by (invoking) them” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 180Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 180)) ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : Whenever the ProphetWhenever the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ is faced with a difficult situation oris faced with a difficult situation or matter, he would supplicate (to Allah with this Du’a):matter, he would supplicate (to Allah with this Du’a): ““YAA HAYYUYAA HAYYU (O the Ever Living),(O the Ever Living), YAA QAYYUMYAA QAYYUM (O the Ever Existing),(O the Ever Existing), BI-RAHMATIKABI-RAHMATIKA (by Your Mercy)(by Your Mercy) AS-TA-GHITHAS-TA-GHITH (I seek help).”(I seek help).” ((Hadith reported by Tirmidzi and HakimHadith reported by Tirmidzi and Hakim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : According toAccording to SHARI’AHSHARI’AH,, all scholars accept that there are 3 types ofall scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAHWASILAH :: [2][2] TAWASSULTAWASSUL petitioning apetitioning a Du’aDu’a (supplication)(supplication) by using or mentioningby using or mentioning one’s own righteous deeds which one had done sincerely forone’s own righteous deeds which one had done sincerely for AllahAllah.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL) "Our Lord!"Our Lord! we believewe believe in what thou hast revealed, andin what thou hast revealed, and we followwe follow the Messenger; then write us down among those who bearthe Messenger; then write us down among those who bear witness.”witness.” ((Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 53Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : REFLECTION: In this verse, which contains Allah’s teaching us a Du’a which begun - firstly by our expressing the affirmation of our Faith (IIMAN) to Allah and His Revelation following His Messenger ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ – before making our request. It shows how our Faith (IIMAN) and our obedience (following Allah’s Messenger) is to be used as a WASILAH , to reinforce the request. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : ANOTHER BASIS (DALIL) The next basis, is a Hadith in which it narrates the plight of 3 men trapped in a cave. Each men then made Du’a by using their righteous deeds (‘AMAL) as WASILAH to request that Allah release them. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. One brought up his deeds of looking after his parents; another, his avoidance of sinning although it would have been easy to commit, and the third person, his honesty in returning what belongs to others including additional wealth accrued from it. All the three of them made TAWASSUL by explicitly mentioning the following phrases: WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. NARRATION OF THE 3 MEN TRAPPED IN A CAVE – THEIR TAWASSUL :NARRATION OF THE 3 MEN TRAPPED IN A CAVE – THEIR TAWASSUL : (after mentioning his ‘amal, he said)(after mentioning his ‘amal, he said) :"O Allah! If what I have:"O Allah! If what I have done was truly for seeking to please You, then (by this deed Idone was truly for seeking to please You, then (by this deed I ask You to) get us out of this (cave)” – then the cave wasask You to) get us out of this (cave)” – then the cave was opened and they could get out.”opened and they could get out.” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : According toAccording to SHARI’AHSHARI’AH, all scholars accept that there are 3 types of, all scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAHWASILAH :: [3][3] TAWASSUTAWASSULL by seeking a living righteous person (by seeking a living righteous person (SWSWOLIOLIHHEENEEN) to) to makemake Du’aDu’a (supplication) or petitioning Allah through using his(supplication) or petitioning Allah through using his status (entity –status (entity – DzatDzat) of righteousness with Allah.) of righteousness with Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. DU’A TAUGHT BY THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. TO A BLIND MAN ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL) ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf )( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. DU’A TAUGHT BY THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. TO A BLIND MAN ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL) ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf )( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf ) ““O Allah! I ask YouO Allah! I ask You and turn to You through our Prophetand turn to You through our Prophet MuhammadMuhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ the Prophet of Mercy:the Prophet of Mercy: O Muhammad! By you (or through you),O Muhammad! By you (or through you), I turn towards yourI turn towards your Lord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me myLord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me my request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.”request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. ““We sent not an Messenger but to be obeyed, in accordanceWe sent not an Messenger but to be obeyed, in accordance with the Will of Allah. If they had only,with the Will of Allah. If they had only, when they werewhen they were unjust to themselves come unto thee (Muhammad) andunjust to themselves come unto thee (Muhammad) and asked Allah's forgiveness and the Messenger had askedasked Allah's forgiveness and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for themforgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.”Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64)) CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  51. 51. WHAT IF THE OBJECTION IS THAT “THE PROPHET ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ IS DEAD” ? ““Think not of those who are killed in the Way ofThink not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead.Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their LordNay, they are alive, with their Lord,, and they have provision.”and they have provision.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 169Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 169)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. ““Verily Allah, Most Exalted, has angels who are commanded toVerily Allah, Most Exalted, has angels who are commanded to roam and observe the people on earth. They will convey to me allroam and observe the people on earth. They will convey to me all the ‘the ‘salamssalams ’ from people of my community.”’ from people of my community.” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, An-Nasa-i, and Ad-DarimiyHadith reported by Ahmad, An-Nasa-i, and Ad-Darimiy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) WHAT IF THE OBJECTION IS THAT “THE PROPHET ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ IS DEAD” ?
  53. 53. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  54. 54. DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ):DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ): Difference of opinion (Difference of opinion (ikhtilaikhtilaff) amongst Muslim scholars regarding) amongst Muslim scholars regarding WASILAHWASILAH are:are: [A][A] TAWASSULTAWASSUL by seeking theby seeking the Du’aDu’a (supplication) of a righteous person(supplication) of a righteous person ((SWSWOLIOLIHHEEEENN), even after the person has died.), even after the person has died. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. Difference of opinion (Difference of opinion (ikhtilafikhtilaf) amongst Muslim scholars regarding) amongst Muslim scholars regarding WASILAHWASILAH are:are: [B][B] TAWASSULTAWASSUL by making the petitioning with aby making the petitioning with a Du’aDu’a (supplication),(supplication), through mentioning the status (entity –through mentioning the status (entity – DzatDzat) of a righteous person) of a righteous person ((SWOLISWOLIHHEENEEN) with Allah, after he has died.) with Allah, after he has died. DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ):DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ): All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS:SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS: USING STATUS OR THE ‘RIGHT’ OF THE PROPHETUSING STATUS OR THE ‘RIGHT’ OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMADMUHAMMAD ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ ((BI-BI-HHAQQIHIAQQIHI).). There is a Hadith from our Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ in reference to the Qur’anic verse (Baqarah: 37) which narrates how Prophet Adam a.s. sought forgiveness from Allah. Adam a.s. made this Du’a : YAA – ROB-BI, AS-A-LUKA – BI-HAQ-QI MUHAM-MADIN – LI-MAA –GHA-FAR-TA-LI All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.: "When Adam committed his mistake he said: O my Lord, I am"When Adam committed his mistake he said: O my Lord, I am asking you to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad. Allah said:asking you to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad. Allah said: O Adam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I haveO Adam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I have not yet created?not yet created? Adam replied, O my Lord, after You created me with your handAdam replied, O my Lord, after You created me with your hand and breathed into me of Your Spirit, I raised my head and sawand breathed into me of Your Spirit, I raised my head and saw written on the heights of the Throne:written on the heights of the Throne: LAA- ILAHA -ILLALLAH –MULAA- ILAHA -ILLALLAH –MUHHAMMADUN -RASU-LULLAHAMMADUN -RASU-LULLAH (There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)(There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah) ……. ( cont’d ). ( cont’d )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  58. 58. HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.: ““.... I understood that You would not place next to Your Name.... I understood that You would not place next to Your Name but the Most Beloved One of Your creation.”but the Most Beloved One of Your creation.” Allah said: “O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not forAllah said: “O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you.“Muhammad I would not have created you.“ (( Reported by al-Hakim in ‘MustadrakReported by al-Hakim in ‘Mustadrak )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.: COMMENT: This hadith is declared sound (sahih) byThis hadith is declared sound (sahih) by al-Hakimal-Hakim in ‘al-Mustadrak’in ‘al-Mustadrak’ (2:651), although he acknowledges ‘(2:651), although he acknowledges ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibnAbd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn Aslam’Aslam’, one of its sub-narrators, as weak., one of its sub-narrators, as weak. Al-SubkiAl-Subki confirms al-Hakim's authenticationconfirms al-Hakim's authentication;; Qadi `IyadQadi `Iyad includes thisincludes this among the "sound and famous narrations" in al-Shifa, and he says thatamong the "sound and famous narrations" in al-Shifa, and he says that Abu Muhammad al-MakkiAbu Muhammad al-Makki andand Abu al-Layth al-SamarqandiAbu al-Layth al-Samarqandi mention it.mention it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.: COMMENT: Ibn al-JawziIbn al-Jawzi also considers it sound (sahih) as he cites it in the firstalso considers it sound (sahih) as he cites it in the first chapter of ‘chapter of ‘al-Wafa bi ahwal al-mustafaal-Wafa bi ahwal al-mustafa.’.’ As-SuyutiAs-Suyuti cites this in his Qur'anic commentary ‘al-Durr al-manthur.’cites this in his Qur'anic commentary ‘al-Durr al-manthur.’ Ibn KathirIbn Kathir mentions it;mentions it; al-Haythamial-Haythami ;; al-Bayhaqial-Bayhaqi;; Abu Nu`aymAbu Nu`aym allall mentions and accepted this hadith despite knowing ‘Abd al-Rahmanmentions and accepted this hadith despite knowing ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn Aslam’ to be weak.ibn Zayd ibn Aslam’ to be weak. OnlyOnly Ibn TaymiyahIbn Taymiyah,, DhahabiDhahabi andand al-Asqalanial-Asqalani rejected this Hadithrejected this Hadith.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS:SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS: HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEEDHADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED CALLING UPON THE DEAD TO MAKE DU’ACALLING UPON THE DEAD TO MAKE DU’A FOR THE LIVINGFOR THE LIVING TabaraniTabarani, in his "al-Mu'jam al saghir", reports a hadith from, in his "al-Mu'jam al saghir", reports a hadith from 'Uthman ibn Hunayf that a man repeatedly visited ‘Uthman ibn'Uthman ibn Hunayf that a man repeatedly visited ‘Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him) concerning something heAffan (Allah be pleased with him) concerning something he needed, but ‘Uthman paid no attention to him or his need...needed, but ‘Uthman paid no attention to him or his need... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEEDHADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED ... The man met Ibn Hunayf and complained to him about the... The man met Ibn Hunayf and complained to him about the matter - this being after the death (matter - this being after the death (wisalwisal) of the Prophet (Allah) of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and after the caliphates of Abubless him and give him peace) and after the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar r.a. - so Uthman ibn Hunayf, who was one ofBakr and Umar r.a. - so Uthman ibn Hunayf, who was one of the Companions who collected Ahadith and was learned in thethe Companions who collected Ahadith and was learned in the religion , said to him:religion , said to him: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. "Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution ("Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu’wudu’), then), then come to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, andcome to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, and say:say: HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEEDHADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. "Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution ("Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu’wudu’), then), then come to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, andcome to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, and say:say: HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEEDHADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED ““O Allah! I ask You and turn to You through our ProphetO Allah! I ask You and turn to You through our Prophet MuhammadMuhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ . the Prophet of Mercy:. the Prophet of Mercy: O Muhammad! By you (or through you), I turn towards yourO Muhammad! By you (or through you), I turn towards your Lord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me myLord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me my request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.”request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYAA DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA In the book “In the book “Mujab al-Du’aMujab al-Du’a (Fulfilment of Supplications)” Ibn ‘Abid(Fulfilment of Supplications)” Ibn ‘Abid Dunya narrates incident that occurred : Abu Hashim reported thatDunya narrates incident that occurred : Abu Hashim reported that Katsir ibn Muhammad ibnu Katsir ibn Rifa’ah who said: A manKatsir ibn Muhammad ibnu Katsir ibn Rifa’ah who said: A man came to Abdul Malik ibn Sa’id ibn Abjar. On seeing the man Abdulcame to Abdul Malik ibn Sa’id ibn Abjar. On seeing the man Abdul Malik detect in him a chronic disease, whereby he taught the manMalik detect in him a chronic disease, whereby he taught the man a Du’a.a Du’a. Al-Hamdulillah! Allah granted a cure through this Du’a.Al-Hamdulillah! Allah granted a cure through this Du’a. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYAA DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA ((Ref: Qa-idah JalilahRef: Qa-idah Jalilah) Ibn Taimiyyah also agree that this) Ibn Taimiyyah also agree that this Du’aDu’a (and of similar manner) has been narrated and practiced by(and of similar manner) has been narrated and practiced by the Muslim scholars of thethe Muslim scholars of the Salafus-soliheenSalafus-soliheen generations :generations : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYAA DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA ““Allah, Allah, Allah, is my Robb (i.e. God, Lord, Sustainer) ,Allah, Allah, Allah, is my Robb (i.e. God, Lord, Sustainer) , I do not ascribe anything as partner to HimI do not ascribe anything as partner to Him.. O Allah! I am turning to You by (means of)O Allah! I am turning to You by (means of) Your prophetYour prophet Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy.Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad!O Muhammad! Verily, by you (i.e. as myVerily, by you (i.e. as my WASILAHWASILAH) I am) I am turning to your Robb (Lord) and (Who is also) my Robbturning to your Robb (Lord) and (Who is also) my Robb (Lord) , that He be Merciful towards (me and relief me of)(Lord) , that He be Merciful towards (me and relief me of) whatever afflicts me.”whatever afflicts me.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES: ““Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those whoIs it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allah (say): "We only servetake for protectors other than Allah (say): "We only serve (worship) them in order that they may bring us nearer to(worship) them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.”Allah.” ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. ““Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due?Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those whoBut those who take for protectors other than Allahtake for protectors other than Allah (say): "We only serve(say): "We only serve ((worshipworship) them in order that they may bring us nearer to) them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.”Allah.” ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  73. 73. Some Muslims, in their eagerness to reject certain TAWASSUL practiced by other Muslims deemed by them to be SHIRK, would invoke this verse - which in fact are directed specifically to those who are MUSHRIKEEN as it clearly qualified with the phrase “those who take for protectors other than Allahwho take for protectors other than Allah” as” as well as thewell as the phrasephrase NA’BUDUHUMNA’BUDUHUM-“-“we serve or worship themwe serve or worship them”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  74. 74. SomeSome unashamedly teachunashamedly teach that this verse is also directed upon thosethat this verse is also directed upon those Muslims whom they disagree with (accusing them of being similarlyMuslims whom they disagree with (accusing them of being similarly asas SHIRKSHIRK for makingfor making TAWASSULTAWASSUL on other things which they equateon other things which they equate like thelike the MA’BUDATMA’BUDAT of theof the KUFFARKUFFAR). Whereas the issue not the same,). Whereas the issue not the same, and are still regarded as matters ofand are still regarded as matters of KHILAFIYAHKHILAFIYAH amongst Muslims.amongst Muslims. Also this is an abuse and twistedAlso this is an abuse and twisted TAFSIRTAFSIR ;; a misrepresentation of thea misrepresentation of the actual meaning in the message of al-Qur’an; maliciously imputed toactual meaning in the message of al-Qur’an; maliciously imputed to justify act ofjustify act of TAKFIRTAKFIR (accusation of unbelief) upon fellow believers.(accusation of unbelief) upon fellow believers. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  75. 75. Also, we must remember that early Muslim Scholars amongst theAlso, we must remember that early Muslim Scholars amongst the first generation understood the termfirst generation understood the term AL-WASILAHAL-WASILAH as in Allah’sas in Allah’s command for Muslims to seek thecommand for Muslims to seek the TAWASSULTAWASSUL ((Qur’an: Maa-idah:Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5:355:35) , to be synonymous to “) , to be synonymous to “AL-QURBAH”AL-QURBAH” (meaning “(meaning “to seekto seek nearnessnearness” to Him).” to Him). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  76. 76. Now, this clearly distinguish the meaning clearly that itNow, this clearly distinguish the meaning clearly that it ((Qur’an:Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3Zumar: 39: 3)) is referring only to theis referring only to the MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN – whose– whose MA’BUDMA’BUD is other than Allah - for to include the Muslims would beis other than Allah - for to include the Muslims would be contradicting Allah’s command upon us to seekcontradicting Allah’s command upon us to seek WASILAHWASILAH, because, because thethe TAWASSULTAWASSUL is indeed a “is indeed a “means to seek nearness to Allah.means to seek nearness to Allah.”” And unlike theAnd unlike the MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN, Muslims know that our, Muslims know that our WASILAHWASILAH isis not ournot our MA’BUD .MA’BUD . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  77. 77. Definitively, the verse indicated firstly that theseDefinitively, the verse indicated firstly that these MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN acknowledged that they are worshipping others besides Allah.acknowledged that they are worshipping others besides Allah. This is in the phrase : “This is in the phrase : “We only serve (We only serve (NA’BUDUNA’BUDU -- worshipworship) them”) them” which is then followed by their justificationwhich is then followed by their justification “in order that they“in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah”may bring us nearer to Allah” - evidently they- evidently they did not denydid not deny theirtheir SHIRKSHIRK (in worship).(in worship). To misinterpret the meaning and then hastily accusing fellowTo misinterpret the meaning and then hastily accusing fellow MUSLIMSMUSLIMS by misapplying this verses towards them, is greatby misapplying this verses towards them, is great injustice (injustice (ZULMZULM) , that has created much enmity and confusion.) , that has created much enmity and confusion. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTROVERSIES:
  78. 78. IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: "And the places of worship are for Allah (alone): so invoke not"And the places of worship are for Allah (alone): so invoke not ((i.e. do not make Du’a; not to worshipi.e. do not make Du’a; not to worship) anyone along with) anyone along with Allah;”Allah;” ((Qur’an: Jinn: 72: 18Qur’an: Jinn: 72: 18)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ANOTHER
  80. 80. REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: This is another verse sometimes quoted, whereby they interpret it literally the word “ “ to meaning “ you call ” and therefore they opined that, no other names can be mentioned or invoked , or be called out to, in the mosque, except that of Allah. Whereas the DU’A here in this phrase “ “ means “worship” not merely “call or invoke” but rather, acknowledging others as MA’BUD whereas, Muslims always assert that none other is to be worshipped except Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: Moreover every Muslim knows that DU’A (supplication) is to be directed to Allah and our understanding of the oft-repeated verses is the same: “Thee (alone O Allah) do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.” (Qur’an: al-Fatehah: 1: 5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: Furthermore, Muslims know that DU’A (supplication) is the essence of our worship and servitude to Allah and are aware of what our Prophet said: “DU’A (supplication) is the marrow of our ‘IBAADAH (worship)” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES:REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: Furthermore, Muslims know that DU’A (supplication) is the essence of our worship and servitude to Allah and are aware of what our Prophet said: ““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is (itself)(Supplication) is (itself) HUWAL-‘IBADAHHUWAL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).”(worship, servitude).” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. HOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USESHOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USES OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS AOUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS A ‘WASILAH’‘WASILAH’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. ““And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Quran)And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Quran) from Allah confirming what is with them [the Taurat (Torah)from Allah confirming what is with them [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], although aforetime they had invokedand the Injeel (Gospel)], although aforetime they had invoked Allah (Allah (for coming of Muhammad Peace be upon himfor coming of Muhammad Peace be upon him) in order) in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when thereto gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when there came to them that which they had recognised, they disbelievedcame to them that which they had recognised, they disbelieved in it. So let the Curse of Allah be on the disbelievers.”in it. So let the Curse of Allah be on the disbelievers.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 89Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 89)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) HOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USESHOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USES OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS AOUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS A ‘WASILAH’‘WASILAH’
  86. 86. Ibnu Abbas r.a. narrated that the Jewish tribe ofIbnu Abbas r.a. narrated that the Jewish tribe of KhaybarKhaybar used to makeused to make thisthis Du’aDu’a when the fought with neighbouring Arab tribe ofwhen the fought with neighbouring Arab tribe of GhatafanGhatafan:: “Verily we ask You (Allah) by the right (BI-HAQQI) of the Unlettered Prophet promised to us (as prophesized in our scriptures) whom You will send at the (AAKHIR-ZAMAN) end of time – that (by this as TAWASSUL) You (Allah) help us against them (our enemies).” “Tafsir Al-Qurtubiy” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) HOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USESHOW THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK USES OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS AOUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS A ‘WASILAH’‘WASILAH’
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. “O ye who believe! when ye go abroad in the cause of Allah, investigate carefully, and say not to anyone who offers you a salutation (salaam): "Thou art none of a Believer!" Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with Allah are profits and spoils abundant.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 94) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. “O ye who believe! if a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.)” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 6) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. ““And obey Allah and His Messenger; and fall into noAnd obey Allah and His Messenger; and fall into no disputes, lest ye lose heart and your power depart; anddisputes, lest ye lose heart and your power depart; and be patient and persevering: for Allah is with those whobe patient and persevering: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.”patiently persevere.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. ““And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge;And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) willfor every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).”be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ((Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED -- All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. REMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKRREMEMBER THIS IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins (of SHIRK) which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it.and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 97All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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