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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH                         MOST COMPASIONATE                         MOST MERCIFUL                      ...
TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
•     TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only Allah alone is the God             (al-ilaah), we must first reject any o...
•     This statement of TAUHEED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as             it firstly removes any ambigui...
•     If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness             of Allah, indeed, would be compro...
•     This “negation-assertion” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be             worshippers or devotees (‘AABID) of Al...
•     TAUHEED in Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRK       •     Only ALLAH alone is to be regarded as God (Divine), whilst...
•     Therefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAUHEED is also             necessary (obligatory).       •     We s...
•     Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an:                  For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger,  ...
“whoever rejects ‘Taghut’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil) and               believes in Allah hath grasped the most tru...
“Allah is the (Waliyy) Protector of those who have faith: from the              depths of darkness, He will lead them fort...
“Verily Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to                    aught besides Him (i.e. commit SHIRK *) , a...
Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! Join              not in worship (others) with Allah: for ascri...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“They disbelieve(commit KUFR) who say: Allah is one of                   three in a Trinity: for there is no god except On...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
Say: "O people of the Book! come to common terms as                     between us and you: that we worship none but Allah...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
•     The term “                         “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner;                associate; one who shares; e...
•     The term “                         “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner;                associate; one who shares; e...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES                      “And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate (SUJD’)            ...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES                     “And whoso magnifies the sacred things of Allah, it will          ...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES                      “That (is the command). And whoso magnifies (hold in             ...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES                       “Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto         ...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES                           “And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais and          ...
•       The term “                      “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner;                   associate; one who shares;...
•     [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity                in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orAll...
•     [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity                 in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or  ...
•     [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity                in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or   ...
Note:            •     It is indeed true when a learned scholar said :                                                   “...
Note:           •     A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to                 the creed which he pr...
Note:           •     A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to                 the creed which he pr...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Three things make up the essential basis of believing (iiman):                   [1] To stop (to desist) from accusing as...
“When a person says to his (Muslim) brother ,                               (Yaa Kaafir) – ‘Hey Unbeliever!’, then the acc...
Note:         •     There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow,               prostrate, showing outwa...
Note:         •     In our learning about what constitute “SHIRK ”, we are to learn the               issue well first, so...
Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:                                “Whoever seeks knowledge to argue with the         ...
Note:         •     Personal cautiousness in religion (WARA’ ), though encouraged,               is to be applied to ones’...
Note:         •     Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “SHIRK ” must be               based on clear proof and e...
Note:         •     Also, since “SHIRK ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward               action), seeking clarif...
Note:         •     Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we               have not yet sought clari...
Note:         •     Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we               have not yet sought clari...
Note:         •     Or, he may be guilty of ‘ IRTIDAD ’ (apostasy) only - as by his act               of imitating; perhap...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories:        [1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM (AKBAR)             “Greater shirk” – an ...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories:        [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY           “Lesser (small) Shir...
“Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is                                         the small SHIRK – which i...
“The SHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than                                         a black ant crawling on a ...
DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD                            ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN              ...
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[Slideshare] lesson#7(a)tauhid course-12-may-2012.pptx

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail


TAUHEED AL -ULUHIYYAH WAL -‘UBUDIYYAH ATTESTATION THAT ONLY ALLAH ALONE IS THE DIVINE, THE ONE DESERVING OF OUR WORSHIP AND SERVITUDE

WHAT IS
“SHIRK” ? شِرْكٌ

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[Slideshare] lesson#7(a)tauhid course-12-may-2012.pptx

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL LESSON # 7 (a) “INTRODUCTION TO THE M LE ODU E S STUDY OF TAUHEED” A NEW -COUR Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults CH ] BAT [2012 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A 16 weekly class started from: 3 March 2012 REFRESHER COURSE Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm FOR MUSLIM Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” REVISED @ APRIL 2012)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  2. 2. TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. • TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only Allah alone is the God (al-ilaah), we must first reject any other (false deities which people may ascribe) to be God. “LAA-ILAA-HA -IL-LALLAH” NOTE: In this statement it contains 2 aspects: [1] NAFI – Negation [2] ITSBAT - AffirmationAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. • This statement of TAUHEED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as it firstly removes any ambiguity by negating all ‘others’ which mankind may have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior to asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. • If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness of Allah, indeed, would be compromised. • Without which, syncreticism may occur.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. • This “negation-assertion” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be worshippers or devotees (‘AABID) of Allah, we must also be wary of every falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in order to assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Absolute Oneness of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. • TAUHEED in Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRK • Only ALLAH alone is to be regarded as God (Divine), whilst all others are termed “TAGHUT.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. • Therefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAUHEED is also necessary (obligatory). • We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “TAGHUT “ and what constitute “SHIRK”, so that we can avoid them all.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. • Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an: For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘Taghut’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil)“ (Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. “whoever rejects ‘Taghut’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil) and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. “Allah is the (Waliyy) Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  12. 12. “Verily Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to aught besides Him (i.e. commit SHIRK *) , although He forgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills; for he who ascribes divinity to aught besides Allah (SHIRK * ) has indeed contrived an awesome sin.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah: for ascribing partners to Allah i.e. false worship (SHIRK *) is indeed the highest wrong-doing.“ (Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. “They disbelieve(commit KUFR) who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them. Why turn they not to Allah and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 5: 73-74)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17. Say: "O people of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not from among ourselves Lords and patrons other than Allah." If then they turn back, say: ye! "Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allahs will).“ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 64)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19. • The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : “associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .” “falsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or conceived in the mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship (MA’BUD).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20. • The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : “associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .” • The sin of "SHIRK “ is in the ‘ belief ’ not merely the ‘outward action.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate (SUJD’) yourselves before Adam,’ they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 34)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  22. 22. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  23. 23. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “And whoso magnifies the sacred things of Allah, it will be well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle are lawful unto you save that which hath been told you. So shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 30)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “That (is the command). And whoso magnifies (hold in reverence) the offerings consecrated to Allah (SHI-’AAR), it surely is from devotion of the hearts (TAQWA-AL-QULUUB).” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 32)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto Him (SHIRK) ; for whoso ascribes partners unto Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky and the birds had snatched him or the wind had blown him to a far-off place.” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him prostrate (SUJD’), and he said: O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream of old. My Lord hath made it true, and He hath shown me kindness, since He took me out of the prison and hath brought you from the desert after Satan had made strife between me and my brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will. He is the Knower, the Wise.” (Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 100)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. • The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRK’ – means “partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : “associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .” • As previous said, the sin of "SHIRK “ is in the ‘ belief ’ and not merely the ‘outward action.’ • It is only “SHIRK” when a person:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30. • [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. • [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or • [2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; orAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. • [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or • [2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or • [3] to regard these as being independent of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. Note: • It is indeed true when a learned scholar said : “ SHIRK “ is an intellectual sin.” • Just like TAUHEED, it deals primarily with ‘thoughts or cognition’; i.e. what a person ‘knows and believes’ regarding God or the ‘Divine’ .All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. Note: • A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35. Note: • A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow. • Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a “MUWAAHEED”, (those upholding TAUHEED) unless proven to be otherwise.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37. “Three things make up the essential basis of believing (iiman): [1] To stop (to desist) from accusing as unbeliever, anyone who has declared – ‘There is no god except Allah’; [2] never regard him as heretic (unbeliever) only because of his committing sins nor to consider him as having exited from Islam because of his act of disobedient ; and [3] duty of JIHAD (striving in the cause of Allah) remains since the time I was sent till the last one in my ummah battles the Dajjal (antichrist) .... “ (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. “When a person says to his (Muslim) brother , (Yaa Kaafir) – ‘Hey Unbeliever!’, then the accusation for being an unbeliever will be upon either one of them” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. Note: • There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow, prostrate, showing outward forms of respect, displaying reverence, or kissing, wiping, etc. to be ‘acts’ of SHIRK. This stand they preferred, so as ‘to close all doors that may possibly lead to SHIRK.’ • This ‘religious cautiousness ’ is termed: WARA ’ • It does not therefore imply that they have conclusively judged those less cautious than them to have committed ‘acts’ of SHIRK. Without IJMA’, they have to acknowledge that there may be other differing views than theirs’ – thus is termed ‘KHILAFIYAH’.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40. Note: • In our learning about what constitute “SHIRK ”, we are to learn the issue well first, so as to be able correct our own understanding – our own AQEEDAH (Belief). • Do not be hasty to use it in judging others, as this involve ‘beliefs ’ or of peoples’ understanding which is in their hearts/mind - and therefore avoid from engaging in arguments with other Muslims.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41. Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us: “Whoever seeks knowledge to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42. Note: • Personal cautiousness in religion (WARA’ ), though encouraged, is to be applied to ones’ personal self in striving for a higher Islamic religiosity. • But, as for enforcing Islamic rulings generally, or judging other Muslims, basic minimum standard of religiosity applies.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. Note: • Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “SHIRK ” must be based on clear proof and evidence. • Though we respect some peoples’ cautiousness (WARA ’ ) in matters of avoiding SHIRK, but we should not judge other Muslims as guilty of SHIRK, based on this personal standard of cautiousness (WARA ’ ) only.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. Note: • Also, since “SHIRK ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward action), seeking clarifications is imperative. • Historically some such hasty judgement have caused the lives of many fellow Muslims, who were deemed by them as ‘ heretic ’ (judged to be guilty of SHIRK ) merely by their outward act or practices.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. Note: • Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. Note: • Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’. “And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart- mind) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. Note: • Or, he may be guilty of ‘ IRTIDAD ’ (apostasy) only - as by his act of imitating; perhaps in resembling others in their forms of worship; blasphemy or compromising his Islamic identity : “Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.a.w.)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM (AKBAR) “Greater shirk” – an obvious, clear-cut association; the belief in other ‘deities’ , or supernatural force, or beings etc. apart from Allah, believed to be possessing divine powers, or regarded to be independent of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY “Lesser (small) Shirk” or “Hidden” – it pertains to what a Muslim’s objective, focus or intended reason behind his/her acts of devotional worship, sacrifice, vows, etc. – i.e. what may affect his original intention formulated which, in ‘IBAADAH, it must be ‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ (IKHLASw). Example, specifically: ‘Doing or not doing ‘IBADAH only to be seen by people – i.e. showing off, or ostentation -(RIYA’ )All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  50. 50. “Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is the small SHIRK – which is - AR-RIYA’ (showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)” (Hadith reported by Ahmad)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  51. 51. “The SHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  52. 52. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)

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