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Slideshare (lesson#6b)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-shirk-idol-worship-taghut-(21-oct-2015)

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TYPES OR CATEGORIES OF “SHIRK” ?
HISTORY OF IDOL WORSHIP
WHAT IS TAGHUT?

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Slideshare (lesson#6b)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-shirk-idol-worship-taghut-(21-oct-2015)

  1. 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims.Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIMFOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS,PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYIN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL # 6b# 6b For further information and registrationFor further information and registration contact Econtact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 LESSON ““INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUTAUHHEED – (AQA’ID)EED – (AQA’ID)”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail BATCH - #5 [AUGUST-DEC-2015] Updated 21 October 2015Updated 21 October 2015 18 weekly class starting:18 weekly class starting: 12th AUGUST 201512th AUGUST 2015 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pmEvery Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim#02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) TYPES OR CATEGORIES OF “TYPES OR CATEGORIES OF “SHIRKSHIRK” ?” ? HISTORY OF IDOL WORSHIPHISTORY OF IDOL WORSHIP WHAT IS TAGHUT?WHAT IS TAGHUT?
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  3. 3. WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ?WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ? Allah SWT reveals:Allah SWT reveals: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ?WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ? Allah SWT reveals:Allah SWT reveals: ““I have only createdI have only created jinnsjinns and men, that they may serveand men, that they may serve ((worshipworship) Me.) Me. No sustenance do I require of them nor doNo sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me. For Allah is He WhoI require that they should feed Me. For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power, Steadfast (forever).”gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power, Steadfast (forever).” ((Qur’an: Adzaariyat: 51: 56-58Qur’an: Adzaariyat: 51: 56-58)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ?WHY HAVE WE BEEN CREATED ? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) The innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings is theirThe innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings is their cognition (cognition (MA’RIFAHMA’RIFAH) of the existence of God – by way of attaining) of the existence of God – by way of attaining certainty (certainty (IIMANIIMAN) with knowledge () with knowledge (‘ILM‘ILM) of the Truth and Reality) of the Truth and Reality ((HAQQIQAHHAQQIQAH), and hence, their conscious willingness to conform to their), and hence, their conscious willingness to conform to their own existence to whatever they perceive of His will and plan with actsown existence to whatever they perceive of His will and plan with acts ((‘AMAL‘AMAL) of obedience () of obedience (ASLAMAASLAMA).). It is the two-fold concept of ‘worship’ (It is the two-fold concept of ‘worship’ (‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH) – to know and to act,) – to know and to act, as in servitude of a slave (‘as in servitude of a slave (‘ABDABD) to his Lord Master () to his Lord Master (ROBBROBB).). PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. In matters of our (In matters of our (‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH oror ‘UBUDIYYAH‘UBUDIYYAH) – Worship and servitude,) – Worship and servitude, it is only to Allah, Who Alone is for us “it is only to Allah, Who Alone is for us “AL-MA’-BUUDAL-MA’-BUUD ” (“” (“the One, untothe One, unto Whom we direct our worship or prayer toWhom we direct our worship or prayer to” ), which we assert to be” ), which we assert to be different from objects worshipped by others, because it is Allah, thedifferent from objects worshipped by others, because it is Allah, the Only One Who rightfully deserves to be Worshipped.Only One Who rightfully deserves to be Worshipped. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. Note the distinction between the “Note the distinction between the “Divine BeingDivine Being” (” (ILAAHILAAH) and “) and “thatthat which is worshippedwhich is worshipped” (” (MA’-BUDMA’-BUD).). Although it is correct to state:Although it is correct to state: There is noThere is no “ILAAH”“ILAAH” (god i.e. One Who is Divine)(god i.e. One Who is Divine) except Allah.except Allah. But we cannot, or it is in fact wrong, to say:But we cannot, or it is in fact wrong, to say: There is noThere is no “MA’-BUUD”“MA’-BUUD” (that which is worshipped)(that which is worshipped) except Allah.except Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  8. 8. To use the termTo use the term ““MA’-BUUDMA’-BUUD ””, we have to qualify with, we have to qualify with the term (the term ( BI-HAQQIBI-HAQQI ) :) : There is noThere is no “MA’-BUUD”“MA’-BUUD” (BI-HAQQI - )(BI-HAQQI - ) that isthat is rightfullyrightfully ( to be worshipped )( to be worshipped ) except Allah.except Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  9. 9. Thus it is that we reject notion of transcendental unity of religion, thatThus it is that we reject notion of transcendental unity of religion, that certain people advocate, because even those claiming to becertain people advocate, because even those claiming to be ‘‘monotheistsmonotheists’ may not even adhere to the same notion or criteria of’ may not even adhere to the same notion or criteria of ““TAUTAUHHEEDEED” advocated by all the Prophets of Allah (peace and blessings” advocated by all the Prophets of Allah (peace and blessings be upon them all). What more those already referred to asbe upon them all). What more those already referred to as MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN or with similar paganist belief.or with similar paganist belief. Allah SWT commands us to say to theAllah SWT commands us to say to the KAAFIRUNKAAFIRUN ((unbelievers, or thoseunbelievers, or those who reject faithwho reject faith) :) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. Say: “O ye that reject Faith! I worship not that whichSay: “O ye that reject Faith! I worship not that which ye worship. Nor will ye worship that which I worship.ye worship. Nor will ye worship that which I worship. And I will not worship that which ye have been wont toAnd I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship. Nor will ye worship that which I worship. Toworship. Nor will ye worship that which I worship. To you be your Way, and to me mine.”you be your Way, and to me mine.” Qur’an: al-Kaafirun: 109: 1-6Qur’an: al-Kaafirun: 109: 1-6)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. TAUTAUHHEED AL-ULUHIYYAHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only: To assert that only AllahAllah alone is the Godalone is the God ((al-ilaahal-ilaah), we must first reject any other (false deities which people), we must first reject any other (false deities which people may ascribe) to be God.may ascribe) to be God. ““LAA-ILAA-HA -IL-LALLAH”LAA-ILAA-HA -IL-LALLAH” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON NOTE:NOTE: In this statement it contains 2 aspects:In this statement it contains 2 aspects: [1][1] NAFINAFI – Negation– Negation [2][2] ITSBATITSBAT - Affirmation- Affirmation
  13. 13. This statement ofThis statement of TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, asin Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as it firstly removes any ambiguity by negating all ‘it firstly removes any ambiguity by negating all ‘othersothers’ which mankind’ which mankind may have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior tomay have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior to asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God.asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute OnenessIf the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness of Allah, indeed, would be compromised.of Allah, indeed, would be compromised. Without which,Without which, syncretismsyncretism ( combining different and contradictory( combining different and contradictory beliefs of other religion with Islam ), may occur.beliefs of other religion with Islam ), may occur. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  15. 15. This “This “negation-assertionnegation-assertion” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be worshippers or devotees (‘worshippers or devotees (‘AABIDAABID) of Allah, we must also be wary of) of Allah, we must also be wary of every falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in orderevery falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in order to assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Absolute Oneness ofto assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Absolute Oneness of Allah.Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  16. 16. TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Allah SWT must be opposed toin Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRKSHIRK OnlyOnly ALLAH aloneALLAH alone is to be regarded as God (is to be regarded as God (DivineDivine)),, whilst all otherswhilst all others are termedare termed ““TAGHUTTAGHUT.”.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  17. 17. Therefore to have the knowledge ofTherefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAUwhat opposes TAUHHEEDEED is alsois also necessary (obligatory).necessary (obligatory). We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “TAGHUTTAGHUT “ and“ and what constitute “what constitute “SHIRKSHIRK””, so that we can avoid them all., so that we can avoid them all. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  18. 18. Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an:Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an: For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger,For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the(with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘‘TaghutTaghut’’ ** (False gods, all powers of Evil)“(False gods, all powers of Evil)“ ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  20. 20. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etcassociate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” ““falsely setting up or ascribing partners tofalsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst the tangible objects orGod from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or conceived inimaginary things in creation or conceived in the mind, which they regard to be alsothe mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship (worship (MA’BUDMA’BUD).”).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  21. 21. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etc.”associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” The sin of "The sin of "SHIRKSHIRK “ is in the ‘“ is in the ‘ beliefbelief ’ not merely’ not merely the ‘the ‘outward actionoutward action.’.’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  22. 22. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etcassociate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” As previous said, the sin of "As previous said, the sin of "SHIRKSHIRK “ is in the ‘“ is in the ‘ beliefbelief ’’ and not merely the ‘and not merely the ‘outward actionoutward action.’.’ It is only “It is only “SHIRKSHIRK”” when a person:when a person: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  23. 23. [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orin creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or [2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in[2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; orattributes; or [3] to regard these as being independent of Allah.[3] to regard these as being independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  24. 24. Note:Note: It is indeed true when a learned scholar said :It is indeed true when a learned scholar said : ““ SHIRKSHIRK “ is an intellectual sin.”“ is an intellectual sin.” Just likeJust like TAUTAUHHEEDEED, it deals primarily with ‘, it deals primarily with ‘thoughts or cognitionthoughts or cognition’;’; i.e. what a person ‘i.e. what a person ‘knows and believesknows and believes’ regarding God or the’ regarding God or the ‘‘DivineDivine’ .’ . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  25. 25. Note:Note: A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering toA person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow.the creed which he professes to follow. Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as aThus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a ““MUWAAMUWAAHHEEDEED”, (those upholding”, (those upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED) unless clearly) unless clearly proven to be otherwise.proven to be otherwise. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  26. 26. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM (AKBAR) “Greater shirk” – an obvious, clear-cut association; the belief in other ‘deities’ , or supernatural force, or beings etc. apart from Allah, believed to be possessing divine powers, or regarded to be independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  27. 27. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY ““Lesser (small) Shirk”Lesser (small) Shirk” oror “Hidden”“Hidden” – it pertains to what a Muslim’s– it pertains to what a Muslim’s objective, focus or intended reason behind his/her acts ofobjective, focus or intended reason behind his/her acts of devotional worship, sacrifice, vows, etc. – i.e. what may affect hisdevotional worship, sacrifice, vows, etc. – i.e. what may affect his original intention formulated which, inoriginal intention formulated which, in ‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH, it must be, it must be ‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ (‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ (IKHLASwIKHLASw).). Example, specificallyExample, specifically: ‘Doing or not doing: ‘Doing or not doing ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH only to be seen byonly to be seen by people – i.e. showing off, or ostentation -(people – i.e. showing off, or ostentation -(RIYA’RIYA’ )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  28. 28. ““Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you isVerily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is the smallthe small SHIRKSHIRK – which is -– which is - AR-RIYA’AR-RIYA’ (showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)”(showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  29. 29. ““TheThe SHIRKSHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) thanwithin my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock,a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night”in the darkness of the night” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’laHadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSONPREVIOUS LESSON
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) NOW TO CONTINUE –NOW TO CONTINUE –
  31. 31. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK ““Now if they embark on a boat, they call on Allah (Now if they embark on a boat, they call on Allah (make Du’amake Du’a),), making their devotion sincerely (and exclusively) to Him; butmaking their devotion sincerely (and exclusively) to Him; but when He had delivered them safely to (dry) land, beholdwhen He had delivered them safely to (dry) land, behold, they, they give a sharegive a share (of their worship to others)!”(of their worship to others)!” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 65Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 65)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK ““They take theirThey take their priests and their anchorites to bepriests and their anchorites to be theirtheir lords in derogation of Allahlords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as, and (they take as their Lord -their Lord - RobbRobb)) Christ the son of MaryChrist the son of Mary;; Yet they were commanded to worship but one Allah:Yet they were commanded to worship but one Allah: there is no god but He.there is no god but He. Praise and glory to Him: (far is He) from that whichPraise and glory to Him: (far is He) from that which they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!”they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 31Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 31)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK ““Say: "Verily my Lord hath guided me to a way that isSay: "Verily my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight― a religion of right― the path (trod) by Abraham thestraight― a religion of right― the path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith, and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.”true in Faith, and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.” (Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 161(Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 161))
  35. 35. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK Say: "Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, mySay: "Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death arelife and my death are (all) for Allah(all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the, the Cherisher of the Worlds: No partner hath He (Worlds: No partner hath He (LAA SHARII-KALAHULAA SHARII-KALAHU) :) : this am I commanded, and I am the first of those whothis am I commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His Will (bow to His Will (MUSLIMEENMUSLIMEEN).). (Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 162(Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 162)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK “Yet there are menYet there are men who take (for worship) otherswho take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equalbesides Allah, as equal (with Allah);(with Allah); they love themthey love them as they should love Allahas they should love Allah. But those of faith are. But those of faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only theoverflowing in their love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could see, behold, they would see theunrighteous could see, behold, they would see the Punishment: that to Allah belongs all power, andPunishment: that to Allah belongs all power, and Allah will strongly enforce the Punishment.”Allah will strongly enforce the Punishment.” (Qur’an : Baqarah: : 2: 165(Qur’an : Baqarah: : 2: 165)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK ““Hence, [O man,] set thy face steadfastly towards the [true]Hence, [O man,] set thy face steadfastly towards the [true] faith, turning away from all that is false, and be not amongfaith, turning away from all that is false, and be not among those who ascribe divinity to aught beside Allah.those who ascribe divinity to aught beside Allah. Thus, do not invoke (Thus, do not invoke (DU’ADU’A ** ), side by side with Allah,), side by side with Allah, anything that can neither benefit thee nor harm thee: for,anything that can neither benefit thee nor harm thee: for, behold, if thou do it, thou wilt surely be among thebehold, if thou do it, thou wilt surely be among the evildoers!”evildoers!” (Qur’an : Yunus: : 10: 105-106(Qur’an : Yunus: : 10: 105-106)) ** Meaning supplication as inMeaning supplication as in ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRKALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK ““He is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, soHe is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so ((FAD-’UU-HUFAD-’UU-HU **) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds.religion. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Say, [O Muhammad], "Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been forbidden toIndeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call uponworship those you call upon ((TAD-’UUNATAD-’UUNA **)) besidesbesides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from myAllah once the clear proofs have come to me from my LordLord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds."”of the worlds."” ((Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66))** Meaning supplication as inMeaning supplication as in ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. ““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is the marrow (essence) of(Supplication) is the marrow (essence) of AL-‘IBADAHAL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).”(worship, servitude).” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. ““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is (itself)(Supplication) is (itself) AL-‘IBADAHAL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).”(worship, servitude).” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. Thus these are as in the following: Shirk – setting up of other independent entities as partners to Allah, as what is done by the pagan idol worshippers. This could be in their believing in that Allah SWT as having partnership in matters of exclusive : [1] Creatorship (KHALIQQIYYAH) [2] Lordship [RUB-BUBIYYAH] Even, by acknowledging a rivalry to Allah – as in some culture whoEven, by acknowledging a rivalry to Allah – as in some culture who blasphemously places Satan on this pedestal; or theblasphemously places Satan on this pedestal; or the Ahura MazdaAhura Mazda versusversus Angra Mainyu (Good vs Evil)Angra Mainyu (Good vs Evil) of the Zoroastrian belief; etc.of the Zoroastrian belief; etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. Thus these are as in the following:Thus these are as in the following: ShirkShirk – of attributing falsehood to concept of Divinity [– of attributing falsehood to concept of Divinity [ULUHIYYAHULUHIYYAH] -] - as though ‘Godhead’ can be divisible with their false notion of itas though ‘Godhead’ can be divisible with their false notion of it being Triune (as in Christian’s doctrine); or believing in thebeing Triune (as in Christian’s doctrine); or believing in the incarnation or in-dwelling (incarnation or in-dwelling (HULULHULUL //ITTIHADITTIHAD) of God in creation.) of God in creation. ShirkShirk – attributing Allah with anthropomorphism, conceiving Him as– attributing Allah with anthropomorphism, conceiving Him as having forms, limited by space, time etc. [having forms, limited by space, time etc. [SIFAAT - WA - ASMA’SIFAAT - WA - ASMA’]] ShirkShirk - setting up intermediaries and directing worship to it, alleging- setting up intermediaries and directing worship to it, alleging that they have divine authority to gaining nearness to Allah SWT.that they have divine authority to gaining nearness to Allah SWT. ShirkShirk – exclusive obedience (– exclusive obedience (TA’ATTA’AT) to others besides Allah SWT) to others besides Allah SWT alone.alone.
  47. 47. Thus these are as in the following: Shirk – blindly imitating others (thus condoning their) believe and worship of their MA’BUD (object or entities of which they worship). Shirk – in believing that the natural causes (ASBAB), as being absolute and independent of Allah’s control. Shirk – in doing specific religious devotions (‘IBADAH KHUSUSIYAH) which are to be done solely (sincerely) for Allah SWT – viz. Swolah, fasting, vows, pilgrimage, Du’a, animal sacrifice, etc. but instead done for other purposes e.g. RIYA’, NIFAQ – or done with sinister motive of fulfilling a condition in doing SIHIR (magic / sorcery). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. ““Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you isVerily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is the smallthe small SHIRKSHIRK – which is -– which is - AR-RIYA’AR-RIYA’ (showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)”(showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) REMEMBER OUR PROPHET’S CONCERNREMEMBER OUR PROPHET’S CONCERN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. ““TheThe SHIRKSHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) thanwithin my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock,a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night”in the darkness of the night” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’laHadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)) REMEMBER OUR PROPHET’S CONCERNREMEMBER OUR PROPHET’S CONCERN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  51. 51. “From Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. regarding Allah’s verse :From Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. regarding Allah’s verse : "And they have said (to each other) ‘Abandon not your gods;"And they have said (to each other) ‘Abandon not your gods; abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa, neither Yaguth, norabandon neither Wadd nor Suwa, neither Yaguth, nor Ya-’uq, nor Nasr―”Ya-’uq, nor Nasr―” ((Qur’an: Nuh: 70: 23Qur’an: Nuh: 70: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. “Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said : These (the idols) were named after theirIbnu ‘Abbas r.a. said : These (the idols) were named after their righteous (pious) people who had lived after Prophet Nuh a.s. era.”righteous (pious) people who had lived after Prophet Nuh a.s. era.” ““After their death, Satan instigated their followers to erect statuesAfter their death, Satan instigated their followers to erect statues at places where they used to worship (Allah), and to then namedat places where they used to worship (Allah), and to then named these statues with their names.”these statues with their names.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  53. 53. ““Which their followers then erected, but they did not worship theseWhich their followers then erected, but they did not worship these statues.”statues.” “When the first generation all died, they were replaced by subsequent generation who were ignorant, and had forgotten the knowledge of the earlier generation. Thence forth, they began to direct their worship to these idolsThence forth, they began to direct their worship to these idols (thereby, committed(thereby, committed SHIRKSHIRK).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  54. 54. Thus, we can discern that the primary cause ofThus, we can discern that the primary cause of SHIRKSHIRK is ignoranceis ignorance i.e. when they imitated blindly (i.e. when they imitated blindly (TAQLEEDTAQLEED)) rituals in their worshiprituals in their worship to Allah and blindly followto Allah and blindly follow aspects of beliefaspects of belief without knowledgewithout knowledge thereby opening themselves to Satan’s entrapment.thereby opening themselves to Satan’s entrapment. Thus we are warned by Allah SWT :Thus we are warned by Allah SWT : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. Thus, we can discern that the primary cause ofThus, we can discern that the primary cause of SHIRKSHIRK is ignoranceis ignorance i.e. when they imitated blindly (i.e. when they imitated blindly (TAQLEEDTAQLEED)) rituals in their worshiprituals in their worship to Allah and blindly followto Allah and blindly follow aspects of beliefaspects of belief without knowledgewithout knowledge thereby opening themselves to Satan’s entrapment.thereby opening themselves to Satan’s entrapment. Thus we are warned by Allah SWT :Thus we are warned by Allah SWT : ““And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for everyAnd pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart-mind) willact of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart-mind) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).”be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ((Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. Thus, holdfast to myThus, holdfast to my SunnahSunnah (ways or teachings) and the(ways or teachings) and the SunnahSunnah (ways) of my rightly-guided successors ((ways) of my rightly-guided successors (Khulafa’Khulafa’ rashidunrashidun) after me, and bite upon them (hold tightly to) after me, and bite upon them (hold tightly to this teaching). Avoid new (innovated) matters, for (this teaching). Avoid new (innovated) matters, for (KULLKULL)) every innovation (every innovation (BID’AHBID’AH) is misguidance () is misguidance (DDOLALAHOLALAH).”).” ((Hadith from Jabir r.a. reported by Abu Dawud and Tirmidzi)Hadith from Jabir r.a. reported by Abu Dawud and Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. “O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. ““To proceed, verily the most truthful of sayingsTo proceed, verily the most truthful of sayings is the Book of Allah, and the most favored ofis the Book of Allah, and the most favored of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and theguidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the most evil of affairs (most evil of affairs (SHAR-RAL-’UMURSHAR-RAL-’UMUR) are matters) are matters newly begun (newly begun (MUMUH-H-DA-THU-HADA-THU-HA), and every new), and every new affairs is innovation (affairs is innovation (BID’AHBID’AH), and (), and (KULLKULL) every) every innovation (innovation (BID’AHBID’AH) is misguidance () is misguidance (DDOLAALAHOLAALAH),), and every misguidance will be in Hell-fire.”and every misguidance will be in Hell-fire.” ((Hadith from Jabir r.a. reported by MuslimHadith from Jabir r.a. reported by Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. “The first-principle ruling regarding formal worship (rites) is by TAUQIF (reliance upon revelations) and in following (obedience to the command).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. “The first-principle ruling regarding formal worship (rites) is that it be deemed BAATwIL (invalid - cannot be followed) until there is a clear proof (basis) of its command.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. ““Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him;Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set upbut He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah (partners with Allah (SHIRKSHIRK) is to devise a sin most heinous) is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.indeed. ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. ““Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him:Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah ("O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah (SHIRKSHIRK) :) : for false worship (for false worship (SHIRKSHIRK) is indeed the highest wrong-) is indeed the highest wrong- doing.“doing.“ ((Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. ““Whoever joins other gods with Allah (Whoever joins other gods with Allah (SHIRKSHIRK) ―Allah will) ―Allah will forbid him the Garden and the Fire will be his abode.forbid him the Garden and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.”There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 72Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 72)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. ““ .. if anyone assigns partners to Allah (.. if anyone assigns partners to Allah (SHIRKSHIRK) he is as if he) he is as if he had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds orhad fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds or the wind had swooped (like a bird on its prey) and thrownthe wind had swooped (like a bird on its prey) and thrown him into a far-distant place.”him into a far-distant place.” ((Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. ““ ... whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work... whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness,righteousness, and in the worship of his Lordand in the worship of his Lord (‘(‘IBAA-DATI - ROB-IBAA-DATI - ROB- BIHIBIHI) admit no one as partner () admit no one as partner (SHIRKSHIRK). “). “ ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 110Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 110)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins (of SHIRK) which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) exceptThere is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except AllAllaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereigntyh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. The term “ “ pronounced ‘The term “ “ pronounced ‘TWA-GHUUTTWA-GHUUT ‘ usually‘ usually means “means “an idolan idol;; false godfalse god;; seducerseducer;; tempter (towards errortempter (towards error))” –” – related to “related to “ ““ TAA-GHIYATAA-GHIYA” meaning “” meaning “tyranttyrant;; oppressoroppressor;; despotdespot;”;” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. The root “ “ or “ “ meaning “The root “ “ or “ “ meaning “exceed properexceed proper bounds; to be excessive; rage; tumultuous; to overcome; tobounds; to be excessive; rage; tumultuous; to overcome; to tyrannize; oppress; terrorize; etctyrannize; oppress; terrorize; etc.”.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. The root “ “ or “ “ meaning “The root “ “ or “ “ meaning “exceed properexceed proper bounds; to be excessive; rage; tumultuous; to overcome; tobounds; to be excessive; rage; tumultuous; to overcome; to tyrannize; oppress; terrorize; etctyrannize; oppress; terrorize; etc.”.” Thus, it relates to “Thus, it relates to “all evil forces that seek to lead mankind awayall evil forces that seek to lead mankind away from Allah’s Wayfrom Allah’s Way.” Be it false god, deviant doctrines or oppressive.” Be it false god, deviant doctrines or oppressive and unjust power.and unjust power. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. Thus a Muslim, having attested to theThus a Muslim, having attested to the Kalimah of TauKalimah of Tauhheedeed ((SHAHADATAINSHAHADATAIN), he is required to be wary and vigilant by), he is required to be wary and vigilant by striving to embrace whole-heartedly the ways of Islam, and tostriving to embrace whole-heartedly the ways of Islam, and to shun totally the ways ofshun totally the ways of SatanSatan (the embodiment of this evil is(the embodiment of this evil is collectively referred to ascollectively referred to as TAGHUTTAGHUT.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. ““O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and followO ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One (not the footsteps of the Evil One (SHAYTANSHAYTAN); for he is to you an); for he is to you an avowed enemy.”avowed enemy.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. “Behold, thy Lord did call to him in the sacred valley to Tuwa― Go thou to Pharaoh, for he has indeed (TAGHAA ) transgressed all bounds.” (Qur’an: Naziat: 79: 16-17) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. ““Then he (Pharaoh) collected (his men) and made aThen he (Pharaoh) collected (his men) and made a proclamation, saying "I am your Lord, Most High."proclamation, saying "I am your Lord, Most High." But Allah did punish him, (and made an) example ofBut Allah did punish him, (and made an) example of him― in the Hereafter, as in this life.”him― in the Hereafter, as in this life.” ((Qur’an: Naziat: 79: 23-25Qur’an: Naziat: 79: 23-25)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. ““Then, for anyone who (Then, for anyone who (TAGHAATAGHAA) transgressed all bounds (in) transgressed all bounds (in disbelief, oppression and evil deeds of disobedience todisbelief, oppression and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah),Allah), and preferred the life of this worldand preferred the life of this world (by following his(by following his evil desires and lusts), verily, his abode will be Hell-fire;”evil desires and lusts), verily, his abode will be Hell-fire;” ((Qur’an: Naziat: 79: 37-39Qur’an: Naziat: 79: 37-39)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. “Nay! Verily, man does (LAYAT-GHAA) transgress (in disbelief and evil deed). Because he considers himself self-sufficient. Surely! unto your Lord is the return. ” (Qur’an: ‘Alaq: 96: 6-8) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. ““Hast thou not turned thy thought to those whoHast thou not turned thy thought to those who were given a portion of the Book? They believe inwere given a portion of the Book? They believe in JIBTIJIBTI (sorcery, idol) and(sorcery, idol) and TAGHUTTAGHUT (Evil ones, devil)(Evil ones, devil) and say to the Unbelievers that they are betterand say to the Unbelievers that they are better guided in the (right) way than the Believers!”guided in the (right) way than the Believers!” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 51Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 51)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. REFLECTION:  Although many may imagine that “Although many may imagine that “TAGHUTTAGHUT ” as only some” as only some unseen ‘spiritual’ entity – as represented by the source of evilunseen ‘spiritual’ entity – as represented by the source of evil i.e. the devil – yet the reality of “i.e. the devil – yet the reality of “TAGHUTTAGHUT ” is in fact also the” is in fact also the deviationist teachings ofdeviationist teachings of MaterialismMaterialism,, SecularismSecularism , which is, which is whatwhat ‘idolatry, love of worldly power, lust, greed etc.’‘idolatry, love of worldly power, lust, greed etc.’ can becan be categorised under, something so apparent and can be seen.categorised under, something so apparent and can be seen. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85.  Satan’s deception is to lure mankind away fromSatan’s deception is to lure mankind away from IIMANIIMAN i.e. believing in thei.e. believing in the UNSEENUNSEEN ( the Qur’an( the Qur’an refer to as “refer to as “AL-GHAYBAL-GHAYB” ), the essential” ), the essential fundamental belief of Muslims attaining tofundamental belief of Muslims attaining to TAQWATAQWA:: REFLECTION: “(they are those ) who believe in the Unseen (BIL-GHAYB)” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 3) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. REFLECTION:  Traditionally, in warning Muslims of “Traditionally, in warning Muslims of “SHIRKSHIRK”, our Muslim”, our Muslim teachers identified only the erroneous beliefs – e.g. mythsteachers identified only the erroneous beliefs – e.g. myths ((TATAKHKHAYYULAYYUL), superstitions (), superstitions (KHKHURAFATURAFAT), sorcery (), sorcery (SIHIRSIHIR),), etc. Thus we have to know what they are, so as to avoid.etc. Thus we have to know what they are, so as to avoid. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. REFLECTION:  Traditionally, in warning Muslims of “Traditionally, in warning Muslims of “SHIRKSHIRK”, our Muslim”, our Muslim teachers identified only the erroneous beliefs – e.g. mythsteachers identified only the erroneous beliefs – e.g. myths ((TATAKHKHAYYULAYYUL), superstitions (), superstitions (KHKHURAFATURAFAT), sorcery (), sorcery (SIHIRSIHIR),), etc. Thus we have to know what they are, so as to avoid.etc. Thus we have to know what they are, so as to avoid. Yet, the greatest threat toYet, the greatest threat to TAUTAUHHEEDEED , which can become, which can become a form ofa form of SHIRKSHIRK to Allah, is “to Allah, is “MATERIALISM,MATERIALISM,” “” “SECULARISMSECULARISM”” as an ideology – a belief to replace ouras an ideology – a belief to replace our AQEEDAHAQEEDAH.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. REFLECTION:  Thus ‘modern’ Muslims who pride themselves as beingThus ‘modern’ Muslims who pride themselves as being intellectual, rational and ‘progressive’, who indeed mayintellectual, rational and ‘progressive’, who indeed may have rejected myths (have rejected myths (TAKHAYYULTAKHAYYUL) and superstitions) and superstitions ((KHURAFATKHURAFAT), yet they may still be followers of), yet they may still be followers of ““TAGHUTTAGHUT” – ideologies that will lead them away from” – ideologies that will lead them away from TAUTAUHHEEDEED towards “towards “SHIRKSHIRK” ; from “Light” into” ; from “Light” into “Darkness”; from “Faith” to “Unbelief”.“Darkness”; from “Faith” to “Unbelief”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. ““whoever rejects evil (whoever rejects evil (TAGHUTTAGHUT) and believes in Allah) and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, thathath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth allnever breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.”things.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. ““Allah is the Protector (Allah is the Protector (WALIYWALIY) of those who have) of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will leadfaith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light.them forth into light. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the evilOf those who reject faith the patrons are the evil ones (ones (TAGHUTTAGHUT) : from light they will lead them) : from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will beforth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (For ever).”companions of the fire, to dwell therein (For ever).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AA-MAN-TU – BIL-LAA-HIL- ‘A-ZEEM, WA-KAFAR-TU -BIL-JIB-TI – WAT- TAA-GHUUT, WAS-TAM-SAK-TU – BIL – UR-WA-TIL – WUTH-QA, LAN-FI-SWAA-MA – LA-HAA, WAL-LAA-HUS-SA-MEE-’UN- ‘A-LEEM “I believe in Allah Most Esteemed, and I reject idol worship and evil, and I holdfast to the firmest handhold that will never be shaken, for Allah Hears and Knows all things.” (Extracted From ‘Wird-ul Latiff’ of Imam ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) exceptThere is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except AllAllaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereigntyh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING SOME PEOPLE CLAIMING TO BE MUSLIMS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. ““WHEN THE HYPOCRITES (WHEN THE HYPOCRITES (MUNAFIQUNMUNAFIQUN) come) come unto thee, they say, "We bear witness that thouunto thee, they say, "We bear witness that thou art indeed Allah's Messenger!" But Allah knowsart indeed Allah's Messenger!" But Allah knows that thou art truly His Messenger; and He bearsthat thou art truly His Messenger; and He bears witness that the hypocrites (witness that the hypocrites (MUNAFIQUNMUNAFIQUN) are) are indeed false [in their declaration of faith].”indeed false [in their declaration of faith].” ((Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 1Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. ““They have madeThey have made their oaths a cover [for their falseness],their oaths a cover [for their falseness], and thus they turn others away from the Path of Allah.and thus they turn others away from the Path of Allah. Evil indeed is all that they are wont to do: this, becauseEvil indeed is all that they are wont to do: this, because [they profess that] they have attained to faith, whereas[they profess that] they have attained to faith, whereas [inwardly] they deny the truth[inwardly] they deny the truth - and so, a seal has been- and so, a seal has been set on their hearts so that they can no longer understandset on their hearts so that they can no longer understand [what is true and what false].”[what is true and what false].” ((Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 2-3Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 2-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  100. 100. ““Now when thou seest them,Now when thou seest them, their outward appearancetheir outward appearance may please thee; and when they speak, thou art inclinedmay please thee; and when they speak, thou art inclined to lend ear to what they sayto lend ear to what they say. [But though they may seem. [But though they may seem as sure of themselves] as if they were timbers [firmly]as sure of themselves] as if they were timbers [firmly] propped up, they think that every shout is [directed]propped up, they think that every shout is [directed] against them.against them. They are the [real] enemies [of all faith], soThey are the [real] enemies [of all faith], so beware of them.beware of them. [They deserve the imprecation,] "May[They deserve the imprecation,] "May Allah destroy them!" How perverted are their minds!“Allah destroy them!" How perverted are their minds!“ ((Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 4Qur’an: Munafiqun: 63: 4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  101. 101. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  102. 102. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““Hast thou not observed those who assert that theyHast thou not observed those who assert that they believe in that which hath been sent down unto theebelieve in that which hath been sent down unto thee and that which hath been sent down before theeand that which hath been sent down before thee desiring to go to TAGHUTdesiring to go to TAGHUT (the devil) for judgement,(the devil) for judgement, whereas they have been commanded to disbelieve inwhereas they have been commanded to disbelieve in him; andhim; and SatanSatan desires to lead them far astray.”desires to lead them far astray.” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: From being aFrom being a MuslimMuslim, one has to strive to be true believer –, one has to strive to be true believer – Mu’-Mu’- meenmeen.. Without which hypocrisy (Without which hypocrisy (NIFAQNIFAQ) may afflict him.) may afflict him. Thus Islam commands us to continuously seek to acquire knowledge.Thus Islam commands us to continuously seek to acquire knowledge. Especially regarding belief, our intellectual curiosity must not be left toEspecially regarding belief, our intellectual curiosity must not be left to stray into either ‘stray into either ‘blind-faithblind-faith’ or ‘’ or ‘cynicism and doubtscynicism and doubts.’.’ A Muslim must always strive towardsA Muslim must always strive towards TAQWATAQWA, and not remain static, and not remain static.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  105. 105. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  106. 106. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MUNAFEEQINMUNAFEEQIN FASIQEENFASIQEEN MUJRIMEENMUJRIMEEN ZOLIMEENZOLIMEEN GHOFILEENGHOFILEEN MUSRIFEENMUSRIFEEN MUFSIDEENMUFSIDEEN IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, IGNORANCE CAN LEAD A MUSLIM TO END-UP BECOMING .... MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN ETC. God-consciousness or Piety LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  107. 107. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: If no effort to eradicateIf no effort to eradicate IGNORANCEIGNORANCE - through- through ‘ILM‘ILM (knowledge) and(knowledge) and ‘AMAL‘AMAL (practice) striving towards(practice) striving towards TAQWATAQWA, this may lead one towards, this may lead one towards blind-faith, apathy, doubts and cynicism.blind-faith, apathy, doubts and cynicism. All these (‘All these (‘blind-faithblind-faith’ or ‘’ or ‘doubts and cynicismdoubts and cynicism’)’) stemming fromstemming from IGNORANCEIGNORANCE of theof the DEENDEEN may even lead one tomay even lead one to SHIRKSHIRK and other sins,and other sins, especiallyespecially NIFAAQNIFAAQ (hypocrisy).(hypocrisy). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  108. 108. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Such people withSuch people with NIFAAQNIFAAQ, although still regarded as a, although still regarded as a MUSLIMMUSLIM,, would inwardly rejects Islam and undermine its teachings,would inwardly rejects Islam and undermine its teachings, preferring other “preferring other “ismsisms”, or rules, even when these are contrary to”, or rules, even when these are contrary to the Islamic principles.the Islamic principles. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  109. 109. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  110. 110. ““Of the people there are some who say: "We believe in Allah and the Last Day" but they do not (really) believe. Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe, but they only deceive themselves, and realize (it) not! In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves).”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  111. 111. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth",When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth", they say: "Why, we only want to make peace!"they say: "Why, we only want to make peace!" ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  112. 112. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Of a surety, they are the ones who make mischief, but they realise (it) not." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 12) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  113. 113. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" theyWhen it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a suretysay: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know.“they are the fools, but they do not know.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  114. 114. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe" but when they are alone with their evil ones (SHAYAATIN – their leaders) they say: "We are really with you, we (were) only jesting.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 14) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  115. 115. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: These Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insistThese Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insist their loyalty and affiliation is with the Muslims, yet they aretheir loyalty and affiliation is with the Muslims, yet they are merely mocking Islam.merely mocking Islam. They may have a hidden agenda for this, because their true loyaltyThey may have a hidden agenda for this, because their true loyalty is in fact with their ‘leaders’ whom Allah describes as theiris in fact with their ‘leaders’ whom Allah describes as their ‘Satans’‘Satans’ ((SHAYAATINSHAYAATIN).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  116. 116. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give themAllah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses (rope in their trespasses (TUGHYANTUGHYAN) ; so they will wander like) ; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro)”blind ones (to and fro)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 15Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 15)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  117. 117. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““These are they who have bartered guidance for error: butThese are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.”their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  118. 118. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme,Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme, this is only because Allah has gave them temporary leeway forthis is only because Allah has gave them temporary leeway for them asthem as ISTIDRAJISTIDRAJ, - and to be a test for all of us mankind., - and to be a test for all of us mankind. Yet, the reality is that they (Yet, the reality is that they (MUNAFIQUNMUNAFIQUN) have no true direction) have no true direction in life, they are astray, groping like the blind. Their objective isin life, they are astray, groping like the blind. Their objective is only the fulfilment of their worldly desire (only the fulfilment of their worldly desire (HAWAHAWA’) – being’) – being doubtful and cynical even towards Islamic belief in the Hereafter.doubtful and cynical even towards Islamic belief in the Hereafter. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  119. 119. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Thus they would have no qualms in aligning themselves with theThus they would have no qualms in aligning themselves with the secular forces or even atheistic regime of this world.secular forces or even atheistic regime of this world. Their sycophantic attitude towards even unjust and evil dictatorsTheir sycophantic attitude towards even unjust and evil dictators with their un-Islamic policies (with their un-Islamic policies (TAGHUTTAGHUT), would baffle other true), would baffle other true Muslims, yet we cannot denounce them asMuslims, yet we cannot denounce them as KAFIRUNKAFIRUN.. Howbeit, Allah SWT would certainly know who they are.Howbeit, Allah SWT would certainly know who they are. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  120. 120. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ “Of those who reject faith the patrons are the TAGHUT – (Evil Ones): from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  121. 121. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ ““When it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hathWhen it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed and to the Messenger": thou sees the Hypocritesrevealed and to the Messenger": thou sees the Hypocrites ((MunafiqunMunafiqun) , avert their faces from thee in disgust.”) , avert their faces from thee in disgust.” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  122. 122. REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Allah tells us that these hypocrites (Allah tells us that these hypocrites (MUNAFIQUNMUNAFIQUN) and the) and the Unbelievers (Unbelievers (KAFIRUNKAFIRUN) are in fact being led by) are in fact being led by TAGHUTTAGHUT, who is, who is theirtheir WALIYWALIY (patron, protector, friend, helper, etc.).(patron, protector, friend, helper, etc.). When judged in the light of Islam, their life is moving along aWhen judged in the light of Islam, their life is moving along a slippery downward path into further unbelief.slippery downward path into further unbelief. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  123. 123. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  124. 124. “Behold, as for those who come to believe, and then deny the truth, and again come to believe, and again deny the truth, and thereafter grow stubborn in their denial of the truth - Allah will not forgive them, nor will He guide them in any way. Announce thou to such hypocrites (MUNAFIQEEN) that grievous suffering awaits them.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  125. 125. ““As for those who take the (As for those who take the (KAFIREENKAFIREEN) deniers of the) deniers of the truth for their allies in preference to the (truth for their allies in preference to the (MU’MINEENMU’MINEEN)) believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when,believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?”behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139-140Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139-140)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  126. 126. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  127. 127. ““And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in thisAnd, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ that whenever you hear people denydivine writ that whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah's messages and mock at them,the truth of Allah's messages and mock at them, you shall avoid their company until they begin toyou shall avoid their company until they begin to talk of other thingstalk of other things - or else, verily, you will- or else, verily, you will become like them. Behold, together with thosebecome like them. Behold, together with those who deny the truth (who deny the truth (KAFIREENKAFIREEN) Allah will gather) Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites (in hell the hypocrites (MUNAFIQEENMUNAFIQEEN).”).” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  128. 128. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  129. 129. ““O you who believe!O you who believe! Take notTake not for friends and protectorsfor friends and protectors those who take your religion for a mockery or sportthose who take your religion for a mockery or sport,―,― whether among those who received the Scripturewhether among those who received the Scripture before you, or among those who reject Faith; but (bebefore you, or among those who reject Faith; but (be conscious and) fear you Allah, if you have Faithconscious and) fear you Allah, if you have Faith (indeed).”(indeed).” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  130. 130. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  131. 131. “Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of Allah that is the (only) Guidance." Were you to follow their desires, after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor Helper against Allah.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  132. 132. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  133. 133. ““O ye who believe! take not the Jews and theO ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for yourChristians for your AULIYA’AULIYA’ (friends, helpers,(friends, helpers, protectors, etc.): they are but friends and protectorsprotectors, etc.): they are but friends and protectors to each other. Andto each other. And he amongst youhe amongst you that turns tothat turns to them (for friendship, patronage)them (for friendship, patronage) is of themis of them. Verily. Verily Allah guides not a people unjust.”Allah guides not a people unjust.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  134. 134. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  135. 135. ““O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacyO ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy ((bitaanahbitaanah**) those outside your ranks; they will not) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rankfail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; whathatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plaintheir hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom.to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. ((Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118)) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  136. 136. ““There is the type of man whoseThere is the type of man whose speech about this world's lifespeech about this world's life may dazzle theemay dazzle thee, and he calls Allah to witness about what is, and he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart; yet is he thein his heart; yet is he the most contentious of enemiesmost contentious of enemies.”.” ((Qur’an : Baqarah: 2:204Qur’an : Baqarah: 2:204)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  137. 137. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  138. 138. ““ But whenever he prevails, he goes about the earthBut whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreading corruption and destroying [man's] tilthspreading corruption and destroying [man's] tilth and progeny: and Allah does not love corruption.and progeny: and Allah does not love corruption. And whenever he is told, "Be conscious of Allah," hisAnd whenever he is told, "Be conscious of Allah," his false pride drives him into sinfalse pride drives him into sin: wherefore hell will be: wherefore hell will be his allotted portion-and how vile a resting-place!”his allotted portion-and how vile a resting-place!” ((Qur’an : Baqarah: 2:205-206Qur’an : Baqarah: 2:205-206)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  139. 139. ““The Last Day (The Last Day (QIYAMAHQIYAMAH) will no come until) will no come until the leaders of the Ummah mostly consists ofthe leaders of the Ummah mostly consists of hypocrites (hypocrites (MUNAFIQUNMUNAFIQUN).”).” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad and TabaraniHadith reported by Ahmad and Tabarani)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  140. 140. ““Verily, I fear most for you that will come uponVerily, I fear most for you that will come upon (or afflict) you after me, is of the hypocrites(or afflict) you after me, is of the hypocrites ((MUNAFIQMUNAFIQ) who is eloquently learned.”) who is eloquently learned.” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad and TabaraniHadith reported by Ahmad and Tabarani)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  141. 141. ““The most evil of people is a person who has ‘two-faces’The most evil of people is a person who has ‘two-faces’ - when coming to one group with one face and to- when coming to one group with one face and to another group with another (different) face.”another group with another (different) face.” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  142. 142. ““And the signs of a hypocrite (And the signs of a hypocrite (MUNAFIQMUNAFIQ) are three :) are three : [1] whenever he speaks, he lies;[1] whenever he speaks, he lies; [2] whenever he make a promise, he renegade (break); and[2] whenever he make a promise, he renegade (break); and [3] whenever he is accorded with a trust, he betrays it.”[3] whenever he is accorded with a trust, he betrays it.” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  143. 143. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins (of SHIRK) which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  144. 144. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD AA-MAN-TU – BIL-LAA-HIL- ‘A-ZEEM, WA-KAFAR-TU -BIL-JIB-TI – WAT- TAA-GHUUT, WAS-TAM-SAK-TU – BIL – UR-WA-TIL – WUTH-QA, LAN-FI-SWAA-MA – LA-HAA, WAL-LAA-HUS-SA-MEE-’UN- ‘A-LEEM “I believe in Allah Most Esteemed, and I reject idol worship and evil, and I holdfast to the firmest handhold that will never be shaken, for Allah Hears and Knows all things.” (Extracted From ‘Wird-ul Latiff’ of Imam ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  145. 145. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMADDU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD ALLA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A-’UU-DZU-BIKA - MI-NAL – FAQ-RI – WAL – KUFRI – WAL FU-SUU-QI - WASH- SHI-QAA-QI WAN – NI-FAAQI – WAS – SUM- ‘A-TI – WAR – RIYAA’ “O Allah! I seek refuge in You ( to protect me ) from poverty, disbelieve (ungratefulness), immorality (sinning), discord, Hypocrisy, bragging and ostentation (show-off).” (Extracted From ‘Al-Adzkaar’ of Imam An-Nawawi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  146. 146. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) exceptThere is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except AllAllaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereigntyh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  147. 147. IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it.and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  148. 148. IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it.and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.”TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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