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#6                         IN THE NAME OF ALLAH                         MOST COMPASIONATE                                 ...
PREVIOUS TOPIC                                                   TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
•     From “TAUHEED AL-KHALIQQIYYAH” – (Oneness of God, Allah, as the             Creator of all creations) ; the Existenc...
“If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will certainly say                  Allah: how then are they deluded away (from ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Say: "Who is the (ROBB) Lord and Sustainer of                               the heavens and the earth?"                  ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
“Say: "Are the blind equal with those who see? Or the                       depths of darkness equal with Light?" Or do th...
•     Most of them, their ignorance of “TAUHEED AR-RUBBUBIYYAH” and             their absurd “reasoning”, led them to beli...
•     Over time, anthropomorphic notions were ascribed unto their concept             of god - whom they imagine god to be...
•     Myth and superstitions were regarded as ‘Truth’; conjectures and age-             old belief accepted without questi...
•     Trees, stones, mountains, rivers, animals, man, spirits, grave and             totems, even amulets and idols fashio...
•     Their ignorance of Who God is (i.e. the concept of the Divinity –             (ULUHIYYAH ), and compounded with thei...
They mistakenly assumed that the Supreme God (Allah) to be distant             from man and totally removed from this terr...
“And the Jews say: ‘Allahs hand is shackled! ‘                    It is their own hands that are shackled; and rejected (b...
•      Thus according to their thinking, man must be subjected to other             ‘deities’ here, whom they erroneously ...
“Have you ever considered (the kind of man) who makes his                     own desires as his deities? Could you then (...
•     Some others may sense, that by directing their servitude or worship             to other ‘deities’, this may in fact...
“Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take               for protectors other than Allah (say): ...
•     Although they acknowledge the existence of True God, the One             Supreme Being (Allah), but God to them is o...
•      Allah’s existence (WUJUD), cannot be likened as in the sense of             existence of this creation – for He is ...
•     Their understanding of Allah’s Existence and Divine Attributes, may             be seriously flawed.       •     Alt...
•     But because they sensed the presence of other unseen power and             order i.e. regarding how this Universe is...
•      Even the idolaters accept that there is only One Creator : “TAUHEED            AL-KHALIQQIYYAH”.     •      Yet, th...
•      Thus we Muslims are to attest to Oneness of Allah, also in His being            the only Lord, Sustainer and Cheris...
•      “TAUHEED AR-RUBBUBIYYAH”, is thus the realisation that Allah is the             Absolute One Who is Lord, the Susta...
•      And Allah being “ROBB” (Lord, Sustainer), surely is never ‘absent’ yet             no vision can encompass Him.    ...
BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD –                 This is not unique to Muslims.          WHO ALONE IS THE                         ...
•     It can be discern that people’s idea or knowledge that God                        exist, generally pertains to Him b...
•     Therefore, because some people’s knowledge of God may still be             ambiguous, they need to have clear unders...
TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)            It can be seen that the realization concerning the existence of G...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)       •     It is often discovered that the concept of, or what is the “god”...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)       •     Even though when they do acknowledge Allah as the Lord, Sustaine...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)       •     Those who assume that (MUSHRIKEEN) pagans of Makkah, the        ...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)       •     In Islam, this ‘knowledge about God’ termed as             “MA’R...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)       •     In one of the shortest Surah (Chapter 112) named “Surah Al-Ikhla...
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)                         “Say : He is Allah, the Absolute One.               ...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God              [1] The name, proper noun for God is “ALLAH” -              He, mo...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God                                        “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for G...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God                 [2] “Allah” is referred to as “As-Swomad” (in Arabic) which has...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God                                                   “As-Swomad” is therefore appl...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God         [3] “Allah” – is the only “Divine”.         Islam categorically refute ...
Criterion which clarify our concept of God         [4] Since “Allah” – is Unique and the only “Divine”, there is nothing  ...
•     Only Allah is the God (AL- ILAAH ), there is no other that is God except             “ALLAH ”.                      ...
IMPORTANT TO NOTE       •     Conceptually regarding this aspect, i.e. to only regard Allah as the only             Absolu...
TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
All welcome to visit my web-blog:                 http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/                 http://introductiontota...
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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults
conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“Tauheed al-khaliqqiyyah” must also be linked to “Tauheed ar-Rubbubiyyah”

TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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(Slideshare lesson#6a)tauhid-course-2012.pptx

  1. 1. #6 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE LESSON MOST MERCIFUL “INTRODUCTION TO THE M LE ODU E S STUDY OF TAUHEED” A NEW -COUR Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults CH ] BAT [2012 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A 16 weekly class started from: 3 March 2012 REFRESHER COURSE Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm FOR MUSLIM Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” REVISED @ APRIL 2012)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  2. 2. PREVIOUS TOPIC TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. • From “TAUHEED AL-KHALIQQIYYAH” – (Oneness of God, Allah, as the Creator of all creations) ; the Existence of Allah is established. • Yet “TAUHEED AL-KHALIQQIYYAH” is still insufficient attestation of the Oneness of God (Allah) because the idolaters also are aware of this fact that the Creator is One. In spite of this, they only view God (Allah) only as the Initiator, but they imagine also that the whole created universe to be free of Allah’s control after it was created.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. “If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will certainly say Allah: how then are they deluded away (from the Truth)?“ (Qur’an: Zukhruf: 43: 9)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. “Say: "Who is the (ROBB) Lord and Sustainer of the heavens and the earth?" Say: "(It is) Allah." Say: "Do ye then take (for worship) protectors other than Him, such as have no power either for good or for harm to themselves?“ (Qur’an: Ra’ad: 13: 16)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. “Say: "Are the blind equal with those who see? Or the depths of darkness equal with Light?" Or do they assign to Allah partners who have created (anything) as He has created, so that the creation seemed to them similar? Say: "Allah is the Creator of all things: He is the One, the Supreme and Irresistible." (Qur’an: Ra’ad: 13: 16)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. • Most of them, their ignorance of “TAUHEED AR-RUBBUBIYYAH” and their absurd “reasoning”, led them to believe that this Universe is sustained also by pantheons of deities (malevolent forces regarded as gods i.e. having divine powers, or vested with divine powers etc.) • This is further aggravated by their tendencies to resort to imaginations (TAKHAYYUL) and innovations (BID-’AH), based on conjectures, guesswork and blind adherence to traditional thinking.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. • Over time, anthropomorphic notions were ascribed unto their concept of god - whom they imagine god to behave like human. • Thus it is that they subscribe to notion regarding multiplicity of gods, whom they also likened like human kings - having wives, consorts and family; with ministers and courtiers; having feuds and rebellion in the heavenly kingdom etc. • They somewhat imagine and ‘believe’, that all this also affect man’s life and destiny on earth. earthAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  12. 12. • Myth and superstitions were regarded as ‘Truth’; conjectures and age- old belief accepted without question. Absurd notions e.g. God Incarnating as man, indwelling, and other pantheistic creed etc. are accepted blindly, even though self-evidently, they are contradictory or antithetical to reason. • Thus, with so much uncertainty about ‘Reality,’ but fearful of the imagined malignant effect from these ‘forces’ (real or imagined), man is forever to appease the myriads of ‘deities’ and seek their respective protections.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. • Trees, stones, mountains, rivers, animals, man, spirits, grave and totems, even amulets and idols fashioned by their own hands are regarded as having divine ‘powers’ and somehow possessing God-like qualities. • This situation is described in the Holy Qur’an as being in “ZULUMAT” ( “Darkness or Ignorance, and Injustice” ).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. • Their ignorance of Who God is (i.e. the concept of the Divinity – (ULUHIYYAH ), and compounded with their materialistic tendencies, led them towards SHIRK – which can be defined as: “falsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or concieved in the mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship (MA’BUD).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. They mistakenly assumed that the Supreme God (Allah) to be distant from man and totally removed from this terrestrial existence, or that His Power is somehow lacking in this terrestrial world. Thus, they are attributing falsehood to Allah by denying many of His Absolute power over all of creations and the entire universe. Human arrogance and self-conceit occasionally surfaced to usurp the place of the Divine, by blasphemy in denying God’s Infinite Omnipotence.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16. “And the Jews say: ‘Allahs hand is shackled! ‘ It is their own hands that are shackled; and rejected (by Allah and be they cursed) because of their assertion (blasphemy) they utter. He (Allah) dispenses (bounty) as He wills. “ (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 64)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17. • Thus according to their thinking, man must be subjected to other ‘deities’ here, whom they erroneously believe, to have powers independent of Allah, or as though sharing in the divinity of Allah. • Even the so called ‘atheists’, are in fact making themselves and their desires, to be the God – the entity that they are in fact ‘serving’ as religiously as any worshippers of God. • For ‘IBAADAH (worship) is derived from ‘ABD (slave / servant). Is it not evident that their lives is in fact to serve their ‘desires’?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18. “Have you ever considered (the kind of man) who makes his own desires as his deities? Could you then (O Prophet) be held responsible for them?” (Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 43)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19. • Some others may sense, that by directing their servitude or worship to other ‘deities’, this may in fact contradict monotheism. • Yet they try to ‘rationalise’ away this contradiction by claiming that they believe that these ‘deities’ are only as mediators or intercessors to the Supreme God (Allah) – sort of smaller ‘gods’ etc. but nevertheless also Divine.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20. “Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allah (say): "We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.” (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. • Although they acknowledge the existence of True God, the One Supreme Being (Allah), but God to them is only as the Creator, Initiator, the First Cause (but Whom they imagine to being totally distant from them) and detached from this world. • Actually Allah (God) cannot be regarded to only be transcendent, but must also be immanent - for our notion of space and time, near and far, cannot be applied to Allah (God) Who is the Creator of space and time – and cannot be bound by it.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  22. 22. • Allah’s existence (WUJUD), cannot be likened as in the sense of existence of this creation – for He is Eternal and Absolute, Infinite, Who has power over all things, the Irresistible, the Unfathomable yet All-Aware. Due to this error, their object of worship is diverted also towards other than the One true God (Allah), which they conceive as having Divine powers, (sharing in managing the world) independently of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  23. 23. • Their understanding of Allah’s Existence and Divine Attributes, may be seriously flawed. • Although Allah’s existence cannot be grasp by any vision, but they can be correctly conceived through knowledge (MA’RIFAT). There can only be one Who Alone, is Infinite. • Also, man’s materialistic tendencies further accentuated the misconception of Allah being absent or remote.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. • But because they sensed the presence of other unseen power and order i.e. regarding how this Universe is being sustained, nurtured and controlled - thus they blindly subscribe to mythical and imaginings of frightened and ignorant humans, and believe in the many ‘other gods’ (lesser or equal to Allah). • Or, they may innovate with the absurd notion of ‘incarnation’ – i.e. God being reborn into the world as persons, or ‘indwelling’ – i.e. God residing in earthly beings, objects or forms.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25. • Even the idolaters accept that there is only One Creator : “TAUHEED AL-KHALIQQIYYAH”. • Yet, this is incomplete attestation to Oneness of Allah, because Allah is also the Only One Who is Lord, Sustainer of the worlds – “ROB- BAL-’AA-LA-MEEN”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. • Thus we Muslims are to attest to Oneness of Allah, also in His being the only Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher (RUB-BUBIYYAH). • Allah is not merely the Creator (Initiator) only, as the ‘First Cause’ asserted by the Greek philosopher (and Mu’tazilite), who believed that Allah’s knowledge and power over what He has created, is limited (general, not detail etc.)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. • “TAUHEED AR-RUBBUBIYYAH”, is thus the realisation that Allah is the Absolute One Who is Lord, the Sustainer and Nourisher of all the Worlds. And we are to accept that Allah (God) transcends all others which are but His creations - because everything else in this Universe is dependent and ever-subservient to His Will. • Nothing can move nor has any ability without Allah, who Alone is the Irresistible, the Lord Supreme. Over all things Allah has Power, Whose knowledge encompasses all things.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. • And Allah being “ROBB” (Lord, Sustainer), surely is never ‘absent’ yet no vision can encompass Him. • Although we know of the existence of ‘cause and effect’ within creation, yet these are merely relative potentials in creations accorded by Allah – not absolute nor are they independent of Allah s.w.t. • Even those in the spiritual realms e.g. Angels, are but mere creations, having no divine power. • Allah is the Only Divine Being.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – This is not unique to Muslims. WHO ALONE IS THE Even pagan worshippers and CREATOR DIVINE. idolaters acknowledge this. ( AL-KHALIQ-QIYYAH ) This is where Muslims differ with pagan worshippers, idolaters and BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – unbelievers, because they WHO ALONE IS THE SUSTAINER DIVINE. erroneously ascribe to others ( AR-RUB-BUBIYYAH ) besides Allah, similar ‘Divine’ roles in the Sustainment of this universe.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30. • It can be discern that people’s idea or knowledge that God exist, generally pertains to Him being the Creator. • But, when we further consider God’s role in the universe and man’s life, differences occur. • Those who deny Him as the only Absolute Sustainer, Cherisher of the universe, they would inadvertently, be committing SHIRK - ascribing to others this divine role. BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – WHO ALONE IS THE DIVINE. ( AL-ULUHIYYAH )All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. • Therefore, because some people’s knowledge of God may still be ambiguous, they need to have clear understanding of what we mean by “Divinity and the concept of the Divine” termed – ULUHIYYAH. • That in regard to God being “Divine” (ILAAH) – there is only One, Who alone is the Divine, without associates or partners. • This is termed – TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. TO CONTINUEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) It can be seen that the realization concerning the existence of God, the Creator and Sustainer alone, cannot guarantee that man will not be led astray into ascribing partners to Him.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) • It is often discovered that the concept of, or what is the “god” (i.e. the divine being)” we are referring to, actually may be different amongst people. • This defect stems from ignorance (JAHIL) regarding knowledge of the “Divine” ( ILAAHIYAT ).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) • Even though when they do acknowledge Allah as the Lord, Sustainer of the worlds, because they regard others also to be “divine”, this negates the concept of TAUHEED - termed as “SHIRK” (ascribing partners to Allah).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) • Those who assume that (MUSHRIKEEN) pagans of Makkah, the ignorant (JAHILIYYAH ), that they adhered to “TAUHEED AR- RUBBUBIYYAH” while also committing “SHIRK ”, are obviously confusing the terms: “TAUHEED” is contrary to “SHIRK ”. Combining these is antithetical, an absurdity.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) • In Islam, this ‘knowledge about God’ termed as “MA’RIFATULLAAH”, is the beginning of religion. In Islam, the Truth about God must come from Allah Himself through Revelations, especially to His Final Prophet, Muhammad s.a.a.w..All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) • In one of the shortest Surah (Chapter 112) named “Surah Al-Ikhlas” (Chapter on Purity of Faith) in the Qur’an, the concept as to Who God, the Divine is, has been concisely explained (yet it is amazingly profound):All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40. Knowledge concerning the “Divine” (ILAAHIYAT) “Say : He is Allah, the Absolute One. Allah is the Eternal, the Most Besought of all *, He begets not, and neither is He begotten; and there is nothing that could be compared to Him.” (Qur’an: al-Ikhlas: 112: 1-4)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41. Criterion which clarify our concept of God [1] The name, proper noun for God is “ALLAH” - He, most Exalted, is the Absolute One: indivisible, unique, the only Divine, without any other, before or after. If one entertains the possibility of another like “ALLAH ”, then his understanding of what constitute the “Divinity” is seriously flawed.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42. Criterion which clarify our concept of God “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. Criterion which clarify our concept of God [2] “Allah” is referred to as “As-Swomad” (in Arabic) which has a profound meaning. There is no equivalent word for it in English, and requires explanations. *the original Arabic word “As-Swomad” means “the Eternal, the Uncaused Cause of all being”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. Criterion which clarify our concept of God “As-Swomad” is therefore applied to God Alone. It comprises the concept of the Primary Cause and Eternal, independent Being; and also the idea that everything existing or conceivable goes back to Him as its source; and is therefore dependent on Him for its beginning as well as for its continued existence.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. Criterion which clarify our concept of God [3] “Allah” – is the only “Divine”. Islam categorically refute any false notion which people ascribe to the “Divine”, especially that of God procreating (begetting another God). A “Divine” exists without need for any other, whereas “son” requires a father. These two terms together are antithetical (contradictory and absurd).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. Criterion which clarify our concept of God [4] Since “Allah” – is Unique and the only “Divine”, there is nothing that can be compared to Him, absolutely there can be no equivalent. Whatever we can visualize or imagine, fall short of Allah’s Exaltedness, and must negated - Glory be to Allah ( SUB-HAANALLAAH ).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. • Only Allah is the God (AL- ILAAH ), there is no other that is God except “ALLAH ”. “LAA – ILAA-HA – IL-LALLAAH”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. IMPORTANT TO NOTE • Conceptually regarding this aspect, i.e. to only regard Allah as the only Absolute One in His Divinity (ULUHIYYAH), and to regard Allah as the only Absolute Sustainer (RUBBUBIYYAH) marks the True Criterion in the belief in the Oneness of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49. TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  50. 50. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 50All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)

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