Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

[Slideshare] fiqh-course(batch-5-january 2016) -introdn #10 -history-of-islamic-dawah-education-in-singapura-(6-april-2016)

564 views

Published on

BRIEF HISTORY OF DA’AWAH AND ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN
SINGAPURA (SINGAPORE)

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

[Slideshare] fiqh-course(batch-5-january 2016) -introdn #10 -history-of-islamic-dawah-education-in-singapura-(6-april-2016)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LESSON # 10LESSON # 10 BRIEF HISTORY OF DA’AWAH ANDBRIEF HISTORY OF DA’AWAH AND ISLAMIC EDUCATION INISLAMIC EDUCATION IN SINGAPURA (SINGAPORE)SINGAPURA (SINGAPORE) Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED – 6UPDATED – 6 April 2016April 2016 BATCH # 5 INTAKE – [ January - May 2016 ] Intermediate Level course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledgeAnd say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. 18 weekly class started:18 weekly class started: 20 JANUARY 201620 JANUARY 2016 Every Wednesday night @Every Wednesday night @ 8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 ChangiWisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next toRoad, #02-00 next to Masjid KassimMasjid Kassim TOPICS – 6 APRIL 2016TOPICS – 6 APRIL 2016 Intermediate Level courseIntermediate Level course in English for Adultsin English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  3. 3. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED
  4. 4. ““It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered aIt is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, tomessenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs (rehearse to them His Signs (YATLU-AAYAA-TIHIYATLU-AAYAA-TIHI) , to sanctify) , to sanctify them (them (YUZAK-KEE-HIMYUZAK-KEE-HIM), and to instruct them in Scripture), and to instruct them in Scripture ((KITABKITAB ) and Wisdom () and Wisdom (HIKMAHHIKMAH )― although they had been,)― although they had been, before, in manifest error―before, in manifest error― .“.“ ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  5. 5. ““As well asAs well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who(to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined themhave not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.”: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  6. 6. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  7. 7. ““Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMAAL-’ULAMA): for Allah is): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.““ ((Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  8. 8. ““ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those ofAllah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledgeyou who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ((UU-TUL-’ILMAUU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.”do.” ((Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  9. 9. ““Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it:Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the onesthose are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.”endued with understanding.” ((Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  10. 10. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he toHe (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefitwhom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men ofoverflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understandingunderstanding.“.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  11. 11. ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom (BIL-BIL-HHIKMAHIKMAH) and) and beautiful preaching (beautiful preaching (MAU-’IZAH-MAU-’IZAH-HHASANAHASANAH); and argue with them in); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious (ways that are best and most gracious (JAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYAJAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA AAHHSANSAN): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path,): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “and who receive guidance. “ ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  12. 12. ““O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness (SHAAHIDAHSHAAHIDAH), a), a Bearer of Glad Tidings (Bearer of Glad Tidings (MUBAS-SHIRAHMUBAS-SHIRAH), and a Warner (), and a Warner (NADZEERAHNADZEERAH)―)― And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave (DAA-’IYANDAA-’IYAN ILALLAAHILALLAAH) , and as a Lamp spreading Light () , and as a Lamp spreading Light (SIRAAJAN MUNEERAHSIRAAJAN MUNEERAH).”).” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 45-46Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 45-46)) PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  13. 13. NOW TO CONTINUE ….NOW TO CONTINUE …. PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINEDPREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  14. 14. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SINGAPURASINGAPURA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  16. 16. Historically, Temasik belonged as part of the ancient Malay kingdom of Langkasuka-Pattani which referred to as as “Hujung Tanah” (Tip of the hinterland, Peninsula) or “Pulo Ujung” (island at the tip). It was already known for its strategic position and was prized by subsequent power of the Siamese, Srivijaya, Majapahit and the Malaka Sultanate – long before the coming of the Western imperialists. It was renamed Singapura by a princeIt was renamed Singapura by a prince SANG NILA UTAMASANG NILA UTAMA ((Sri MaharajaSri Maharaja Sang Nila Utama Parameswara Batara Sri Tri BuanaSang Nila Utama Parameswara Batara Sri Tri Buana)) from Palembangfrom Palembang from the waning SRIVIJAYA empire.from the waning SRIVIJAYA empire. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  17. 17. There were several Maharajah(kings) that ruled Singapura -There were several Maharajah(kings) that ruled Singapura - reference "reference "Sejarah Raja-raja Melayu SingapuraSejarah Raja-raja Melayu Singapura" (by Haji Agoes Salim)" (by Haji Agoes Salim) (1) Sang Nila Utama(1) Sang Nila Utama a.k.a. Sri Maharaja Sang Nila Utamaa.k.a. Sri Maharaja Sang Nila Utama ParameswaraParameswara Batara Sri Tri BuanaBatara Sri Tri Buana ( 1299-1347 M)( 1299-1347 M) (2) Raja Kecil Besar a.k.a, Paduka Seri Pikrama Wira (1347-1362 M)(2) Raja Kecil Besar a.k.a, Paduka Seri Pikrama Wira (1347-1362 M) (3) Raja Muda a.k.a. Seri Rana Wira Kerma (1362-1375 M)(3) Raja Muda a.k.a. Seri Rana Wira Kerma (1362-1375 M) (4) Dasia Raja a.k.a. Paduka Seri Maharaja (1375-1388 M)(4) Dasia Raja a.k.a. Paduka Seri Maharaja (1375-1388 M) (5) Paduka Sri Maharaja(5) Paduka Sri Maharaja ParameswaraParameswara a.k.a. Raja Iskandar Shah (1388-a.k.a. Raja Iskandar Shah (1388- 1391 M)1391 M) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  18. 18. It was this last king of Singapura that fled the island forIt was this last king of Singapura that fled the island for MUARMUAR, just, just before thebefore the MAJAPAHITMAJAPAHIT underunder PATIH GAJAH MADAPATIH GAJAH MADA, came to attack it., came to attack it. This last king, was theThis last king, was the PARAMESWARAPARAMESWARA who foundedwho founded MALAKAMALAKA . He later. He later embraced Islam and this Sultanate became dominant with the protectionembraced Islam and this Sultanate became dominant with the protection of the Chinese Emperor from the threat ofof the Chinese Emperor from the threat of SIAMESESIAMESE invasion.invasion. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  19. 19. WhenWhen MALAKAMALAKA fell to the Portuguese in 1511CE, the last Sultan atfell to the Portuguese in 1511CE, the last Sultan at MALAKAMALAKA retreated toretreated to JOHOR LAMAJOHOR LAMA (Kota Tinggi) and started the(Kota Tinggi) and started the JOHOR-JOHOR- RIAU-LINGGARIAU-LINGGA empire. Singapura was already an important trading portempire. Singapura was already an important trading port for this kingdom with the Sultan’sfor this kingdom with the Sultan’s SHAHBANDARSHAHBANDAR (Harbour Master to(Harbour Master to collect taxes from ships trading in this region) stationed atcollect taxes from ships trading in this region) stationed at Tanjung RhuTanjung Rhu (according to a Portuguese map – ref: Emeritus Prof. Khoo Kay Kim).(according to a Portuguese map – ref: Emeritus Prof. Khoo Kay Kim). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  20. 20. This Melaka Sultanate which had relocated in Johore Lama continuedThis Melaka Sultanate which had relocated in Johore Lama continued until its last Sultan Mahmud was assassinated in Kota Tinggi. He dieduntil its last Sultan Mahmud was assassinated in Kota Tinggi. He died leaving no heir to continue the line.leaving no heir to continue the line. With consultations among theWith consultations among the ORANG BESARORANG BESAR, especially the, especially the Temenggong of Muar who was the late Sultan’s uncle, they choseTemenggong of Muar who was the late Sultan’s uncle, they chose Bendahara Abdul Jalil of Pahang to succeed as the new Sultan ofBendahara Abdul Jalil of Pahang to succeed as the new Sultan of JOHOR-JOHOR- RIAU-LINGGARIAU-LINGGA, whilst the kingdom were decentralized to be administered, whilst the kingdom were decentralized to be administered under fiefdom of theunder fiefdom of the RAJA TEMENGGONGRAJA TEMENGGONG of Muar,of Muar, TEMENGGONGTEMENGGONG ofof Johor based in Singapore, and theJohor based in Singapore, and the YAM TUAN MUDAYAM TUAN MUDA overseeing Riau.overseeing Riau. This was short-lived whenThis was short-lived when RAJA KECHIKRAJA KECHIK from Sumatra invaded to claimfrom Sumatra invaded to claim the throne after deposing the Sultan Abdul Jalil, who was laterthe throne after deposing the Sultan Abdul Jalil, who was later assassinated in Pahang.assassinated in Pahang. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  21. 21. The role of theThe role of the BugisBugis princesprinces and their influence upon the Malayand their influence upon the Malay Sultanates must be noted. With their help, the Sultanate ofSultanates must be noted. With their help, the Sultanate of JOHOR-RIAU-JOHOR-RIAU- LINGGALINGGA was restored back to the Bendahara Abdul Jalil’s line.was restored back to the Bendahara Abdul Jalil’s line. Since then, relative peace was restored and in theSince then, relative peace was restored and in the RIAURIAU island under thisisland under this Sultanate, specifically inSultanate, specifically in BINTAN-PENYENGATBINTAN-PENYENGAT, it became one of the, it became one of the centre of Islamic learning and Malay literary works, which grew incentre of Islamic learning and Malay literary works, which grew in importance.importance. As has been explained, Islamic scholars of theAs has been explained, Islamic scholars of the NUSANTARANUSANTARA was freelywas freely engaged in spreading Islam throughout the rest of the archipelago.engaged in spreading Islam throughout the rest of the archipelago. Alliances forged by Muslim princes with other regional chieftains,Alliances forged by Muslim princes with other regional chieftains, expanded their sphere of influence, as well as for Islamic Da’wah.expanded their sphere of influence, as well as for Islamic Da’wah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  22. 22. Thus it was, that with the coming of the Western imperialist, the spread ofThus it was, that with the coming of the Western imperialist, the spread of Islam to outer parts received tremendous impetus – into theIslam to outer parts received tremendous impetus – into the NATUNAS,NATUNAS, BRUNEI, SULU, ZAMBOANGA, MAKASSARBRUNEI, SULU, ZAMBOANGA, MAKASSAR, etc., etc. Stamford Raffles who had deep knowledge ofStamford Raffles who had deep knowledge of JAVAJAVA and theand the NUSANTARANUSANTARA,, had been keen to colonise Singapore for the British empire.had been keen to colonise Singapore for the British empire. His opportunity came when the last Sultan Mahmud of the BendaharaHis opportunity came when the last Sultan Mahmud of the Bendahara Abdul Jalil’s Dynasty which ascended the Johor-Riau-Lingga Sultanate basedAbdul Jalil’s Dynasty which ascended the Johor-Riau-Lingga Sultanate based in Pahang and later in Lingga, died.in Pahang and later in Lingga, died. This last Sultan died left the throne to disputed by two of his sons:This last Sultan died left the throne to disputed by two of his sons: TENGKUTENGKU LONGLONG ((HUSSAINHUSSAIN) and younger brother) and younger brother TENGKU ABDUL RAHMANTENGKU ABDUL RAHMAN who waswho was much favoured by courtiers holding the “much favoured by courtiers holding the “Royal RegaliaRoyal Regalia” in BINTAN.” in BINTAN. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  23. 23. InIn 18191819 Raffles broughtRaffles brought TENGKU HUSSAINTENGKU HUSSAIN with thewith the TEMENGGUNGTEMENGGUNG (the(the Chieftain governing Singapura for the Sultan), to have him installed asChieftain governing Singapura for the Sultan), to have him installed as Sultan of Singapore, although he was never regarded as successor of theSultan of Singapore, although he was never regarded as successor of the JOHOR-RIAU-LINGGAJOHOR-RIAU-LINGGA Sultanate based inSultanate based in PenyengatPenyengat. This was so that a. This was so that a treaty ceding the island to the British could be signed and sealed.treaty ceding the island to the British could be signed and sealed. Although Sultan Hussain was never recognised as successor to theAlthough Sultan Hussain was never recognised as successor to the JOHORJOHOR throne, and his coronation was without the importantthrone, and his coronation was without the important ceremonial “ceremonial “Royal RegaliaRoyal Regalia” (” (Alat Penobatan Di-RajaAlat Penobatan Di-Raja) required by Malay) required by Malay custom, this did not worry the British. Even the Dutch had rejected whatcustom, this did not worry the British. Even the Dutch had rejected what Raffles had done.Raffles had done. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  24. 24. But plan was underway by the British and the Dutch to negotiate theBut plan was underway by the British and the Dutch to negotiate the ANGLO-DUTCH TREATY (1824),ANGLO-DUTCH TREATY (1824), which included splitting the region,which included splitting the region, especially theespecially the JOHOR-RIAU-LINGGAJOHOR-RIAU-LINGGA dominion between them. Theydominion between them. They exchangedexchanged MALAKAMALAKA forfor BENCOOLENBENCOOLEN so that a clear boundary could beso that a clear boundary could be agreed regarding their respective sphere of influence in colonizing theagreed regarding their respective sphere of influence in colonizing the region – to the north by the British and the South, the Dutch. Thus theregion – to the north by the British and the South, the Dutch. Thus the colonized Singapore was given respite. Although a Sultan was installed incolonized Singapore was given respite. Although a Sultan was installed in Singapore,Singapore, JOHORJOHOR was still left under the rule of thewas still left under the rule of the TEMENGGUNGTEMENGGUNG.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  25. 25. MAP OF THE OLD JOHOR-RIAU-LINGGA SULTANATE WITH ITS CAPITAL AT KOTA TINGGI Arbitrary line which the Anglo-Dutch Treaty (1824CE) had imposed upon this region. Separating Singapore and Johor from Riau-Lingga in the south with the rest of Indonesia to be dominated by the Dutch East Indies Company. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  26. 26. In installing Sultan Hussain,In installing Sultan Hussain, RafflesRaffles designated the area indesignated the area in KAMPONGKAMPONG GELAMGELAM for him – planning an enclave almost similar to thefor him – planning an enclave almost similar to the JAVANESEJAVANESE KRATONKRATON. With a walled compound (. With a walled compound (KOTAKOTA) and) and ISTANAISTANA, adjoining, adjoining settlement like thesettlement like the KAUMANKAUMAN, but mostly populated by JAVANESE (thus, but mostly populated by JAVANESE (thus its popular nameits popular name KAMPUNG JAWAKAMPUNG JAWA), a mosque etc. located near an old), a mosque etc. located near an old existing Malay/Muslim cemetery.existing Malay/Muslim cemetery. This area soon became a vibrant Muslim Quarter, a truly cosmopolitanThis area soon became a vibrant Muslim Quarter, a truly cosmopolitan community of Muslims.community of Muslims. His lieutenant,His lieutenant, FARQUHARFARQUHAR, also brought the Malaccan Malays who also, also brought the Malaccan Malays who also started a settlement on the bank of Singapore river (started a settlement on the bank of Singapore river (KAMPUNGKAMPUNG MELAKAMELAKA), where), where one of theone of the oldest mosque built byoldest mosque built by SYED ‘OMAR BIN ‘ALISYED ‘OMAR BIN ‘ALI ALJUNIEDALJUNIED in that period, now still stands.in that period, now still stands. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  27. 27. Although installed as Sultan in Singapore,Although installed as Sultan in Singapore, TENGKU HUSSAINTENGKU HUSSAIN had nohad no control over the rest of the realm left by the last Sultan Mahmud; as wellcontrol over the rest of the realm left by the last Sultan Mahmud; as well his installation was opposed by the Malays inhis installation was opposed by the Malays in BINTAN-RIAUBINTAN-RIAU.. TheThe TEMENGGUNGTEMENGGUNG continued to live on Singapore island, but due tocontinued to live on Singapore island, but due to friction with Sultan Hussain, he and his followers later were designatedfriction with Sultan Hussain, he and his followers later were designated TELOK BELANGATELOK BELANGA district. A mosque, the land and a royal family tomb anddistrict. A mosque, the land and a royal family tomb and cemetery still exist even till this day, belonging to this royal family.cemetery still exist even till this day, belonging to this royal family. TheThe TEMENGGUNG ABDUL RAHMANTEMENGGUNG ABDUL RAHMAN was left to continue to administerwas left to continue to administer the realm of JOHORE on his own, although cut-off from that ofthe realm of JOHORE on his own, although cut-off from that of BINTAN-BINTAN- RIAURIAU. He was succeeded by his son,. He was succeeded by his son, TEMENGGUNG DAING IBRAHIMTEMENGGUNG DAING IBRAHIM.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  28. 28. His successor,His successor, WAN ABU BAKAR BIN TEMENGGUNG DAING IBRAHIMWAN ABU BAKAR BIN TEMENGGUNG DAING IBRAHIM,, later shifted and built a new administrative capital atlater shifted and built a new administrative capital at TANJUNG PUTERITANJUNG PUTERI,, renamedrenamed JOHOR BAHRUJOHOR BAHRU.. With patronage from the then Sultan Abdul Hamid II of TURKEY andWith patronage from the then Sultan Abdul Hamid II of TURKEY and Queen Victoria of BRITAIN, and being connected to the royal lineage onQueen Victoria of BRITAIN, and being connected to the royal lineage on thethe BENDAHARABENDAHARA side, he later proclaimed himself as theside, he later proclaimed himself as the MAHARAJAMAHARAJA,, thenthen SULTANSULTAN, of the, of the whole JOHORE state. This was after Sultan Ali Iskandar Shah bin Hussain Muazzam Shah failed to gain the recognition from the British as the legitimate Sultan of JOHORE. Meanwhile Singapore remained as an important colonial capital of the British Straits Settlement. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  30. 30. Generally, Islamic education is singular and comprehensive program, which does not dichotomise the worldly concern from the religious concern of man. It seeks ultimately to developing of a good man, as servant of Allah. Its primary driver – motivation - is “a religious imperative ” (obligation) – FARDHU ‘AIN / KIFAAYA -, as opposed to the “economic-pragmatic ” considerations of today’s education ‘industry ’. The core in Islamic education is the religious sciences (revealed knowledge) termed (‘ulum al-Deeniyat ), which sets the whole paradigm and purpose of a Muslim’s development. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  31. 31. Yet , this core knowledge of the DEEN is insufficient and necessitate a Muslim to also acquire the other knowledge (‘ulum al-ukhra) of the world and the universe termed (‘ulum al-duniyawiyat). The term “‘ukhrawiy “‘ukhrawiy “ has been much misunderstood by Muslims here, and wrongly applied to the knowledge of the DEEN, as though Islam’s concern is only for the other world (Hereafter). Whereas all types of knowledge religious and worldly are intrinsically linked, guided by a divine command to seek every beneficial knowledge (‘ilm an-naa-fi’.) The most important categorization regarding kowledge pertains to a Muslim’s responsibility (TAKLIF) towards these knowledge and life, should be religiously (SHARI’AH) based. Alas, this later was neglected. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  32. 32. Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie’s divides it into FARDHU-’AIN Knowledge – knowledge which each Muslim is personally obligated to learn; and FARDHU’ KIFAAYAH knowledge, which is obligatory upon the community to ensure there are sufficient Muslims who possess them. So, every Muslim must be inculcated with FARDHU-’AIN knowledge which is intrinsically linked to knowledge of the religion (‘ULUM-UD-DEEN). This will be quite broad and eclectic, adequately to prepare them their needs. FARDHU ‘AIN knowledge includes the other (AAKHAR - UKHRA) worldly sciences and skills, in keeping with the current standards and needs in life. Yet, it is always the (DEENIYAT) knowledge and philosophy of Islamic education that determines how a Muslim is to be developed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  33. 33. The FARDHU KIFAAYAH knowledge, are usually those pertaining to fields of specialization – both worldly and religious sciences . When the colonialists introduced conventional (secular) education, the Muslims regarded this as useful and important for their children; although still regarded as insufficient for they needed to ensure that the Muslim children be taught (be anchored to) their religion too. Thus the DUALISTIC system of education of the Muslims, one by the national school and the other, their religious instruction. Although the latter has to be provided for by the community itself, the Muslims have never neglected this in every generation. Usually conducted outside their normal school hours, at home, in madrasah, associations or in mosques. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  34. 34. To ensure adequate teachers for this, that was how the traditional FULL- TIME MADRASAH (Islamic religious schools) begun where intensive study of the religious sciences were conducted for a few cohorts. The number of students is significantly small (cohorts never exceeded 4% of total annual Muslim students), and these MADRASAH were totally independent schools built and funded by endowment established by Muslim philatrophists and supported through donations. Not unlike the Seminary, the full-time MADRASAH has been producing the Islamic religious teachers , scholars, preachers and propagators of Islam for the community. This is in accordance with a command in the Qur’an: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  35. 35. ““Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent fromNor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expeditionevery expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves toremained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religionstudies in religion ((LIYAT-TAFAQ-QAHU-FID-DEENLIYAT-TAFAQ-QAHU-FID-DEEN) and admonish the) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guardpeople when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).”themselves (against evil).” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  36. 36. ““And those who (And those who (JAAHADUJAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We) strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths (will certainly guide them to our Paths (SUBUULANASUBUULANA) :) : For verily Allah is with those who do right.For verily Allah is with those who do right.”” ((Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  37. 37. ““Among theAmong the believers are men who have [always] been truebelievers are men who have [always] been true to what they have vowed before Allahto what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have: Of them some have fulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of themfulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of them are still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changedare still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed [their resolve] in the least.”[their resolve] in the least.” ((Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  39. 39. MORPHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION DRAWN BY DR. IMRAN B TAJUDEENMORPHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION DRAWN BY DR. IMRAN B TAJUDEEN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  40. 40. Gedung KuningGedung Kuning Gudang PinangGudang Pinang Kampong KajiKampong Kaji (Haji)(Haji) Kota Raja clubKota Raja club Kandahar street Bussorah street Kampong Selong (Ceylon)Kampong Selong (Ceylon) Arab street Bagdad street Masjid SultanMasjid Sultan Kampong TembagaKampong Tembaga Sekolah MelayuSekolah Melayu Kampong GelamKampong Gelam MadrasahMadrasah AljuneidAljuneid SungeiRoad SungeiRoad Masjid BaweanMasjid Bawean Rumah ‘Bujangan’ (Jawa)Rumah ‘Bujangan’ (Jawa) AEREAL PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ENCIK MOHD KHIR JOHARIAEREAL PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ENCIK MOHD KHIR JOHARI All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  46. 46. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 KIYAI MUHAMMAD ABDULLAH AS-SUHAIMI KIYAI MA’ROF (CLYDE STREET) ESTABLISHMENT OF KAMPONG GELAM AS A MUSLIM QUARTER EXTENDED WITH ANOTHER MOSQUE Before it wasBefore it was demolisheddemolished in 1995in 1995 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  47. 47. Built in 1870 by the Javanese and the Bugis people living in the area, it was also known as Masjid Bahru (New Mosque) since it was built much later compared to another mosque close to it, the famous Masjid Sultan, built in 1823. It was named after its first Imam, Haji Ma'aruf, a pious Javanese man. When he died, Shaykh Muhammad bin 'Abdullah as- Suhaimi became the Imam and taught his students, consisting mainly of Javanese Muslims, there. He also taught there everyday in the morning and after 'Asr. Among the books he taught were the Tafsir al-Jalalain, the Fath al-Qarib of Imam Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi, the Fath al-Mu'in of Imam Zain al-Din al-Malibari, the Minhaj al-Qawim of Imam Ibn Hajar al- Haytami, the Salalim al-Fudala (sharh of Imam Zain al-Din al-Malibari's Hidayat al-Adhkiya' ila Tariq al-Awliya') of Shaykh Nawawi al-Jawi, his own books and many more. He also had two houses in front of the mosque. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  48. 48. ‘AL-MANAR’ REFORMIST MOVEMENT Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 HAJI ABBAS BIN TAHA AL-AZHARI  Was instrumental in settling the differences on some “Khilafiyah” controversy inadvertently raised by Ibu Guru Hjh Fatimah Abdul Majid from Muhammadiyyah of Bukit Tinggi.  Engaged in intellectual public debate with Tuan Imam Yusuf at Victoria Memorial Hall – on the issue “Masaalah Anjing”  Initiated a reformist newspaper “Al-Imam” together with Sheikh Tahir Jalaluddin, Syed Syeikh Al-Hadi. et al.  Became second ‘Chief Qadhi’ of Singapore.  Later was appointed by the Sultan of Terengganu to become Mufti there. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  49. 49. ‘AL-MANAR’ REFORMIST MOVEMENT Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 HAJI ABBAS BIN TAHA AL-AZHARI  Was instrumental in settling the differences on some “Khilafiyah” controversy inadvertently raised by Ibu Guru Hjh Fatimah Abdul Majid from Muhammadiyyah of Bukit Tinggi.  Engaged in intellectual public debate with Tuan Imam Yusuf at Victoria Memorial Hall – on the issue “Masaalah Anjing”  Initiated a reformist newspaper “Al-Imam” together with Sheikh Tahir Jalaluddin, Syed Syeikh Al-Hadi. et al.  Became second ‘Chief Qadhi’ of Singapore.  Later was appointed by the Sultan of Terengganu to become Mufti there. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  50. 50. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 KIYAI YUNUS (BAGHDAD STREET) IMAM HAJI YUSUF ( FIRST CHIEF QADHI ) KH HASSAN B AHMAD (HASSAN BANDUNG) ‘ULAMA (ISLAMIC SCOLARS) TEACHING IN KAMPONG GELAM MUSLIM QUARTER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  51. 51. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 TUAN HAJI YUNUS AL-WALIDI (ACHEH) KIYAI MUHAMMAD ASHIK KIYAI HAMDI KIYAI MUHAMMAD SA’ID BIN ARSHAD (SEMARANG) Madrasatus-Sibyan (Bussorah street) ‘ULAMA (ISLAMIC SCOLARS) TEACHING IN KAMPONG GELAM MUSLIM QUARTER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  52. 52.  His father, KH Muhammad Sa’id bin Arshad SemarangHis father, KH Muhammad Sa’id bin Arshad Semarang – was the scholar and– was the scholar and founder offounder of Madrasah al-SibyanMadrasah al-Sibyan;; lithographer-printer of religious books.lithographer-printer of religious books.  Born – 82 Arab street – (1909)Born – 82 Arab street – (1909);; moved to Bussorah street (1910); and thenmoved to Bussorah street (1910); and then moved to Jalan Muscat street (1914) – all within Kampong Gelam.moved to Jalan Muscat street (1914) – all within Kampong Gelam.  Wrote “Majallah al-Islam” (1914)Wrote “Majallah al-Islam” (1914)  Published “Mukaddam Alif-Ba-Ta” (1918)Published “Mukaddam Alif-Ba-Ta” (1918)  Started teaching in Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah – (1922)Started teaching in Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah – (1922)  Senior Teacher in Madrasah Aljunied al-IslamiyahSenior Teacher in Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyah  Moved to Kampung Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku AmanMoved to Kampung Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku Aman  Published “Kitab Perukunan (Jawi)”Published “Kitab Perukunan (Jawi)” USTAZ MUHAMMAD BIN MUHAMMAD SA’ID (SEMARANG) (my mentor) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  53. 53. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 TUAN GURU HAJI ABDUL LATIFF (MELAKA) DR. BURHANUDDIN AL-HELMY ‘ULAMA (ISLAMIC SCOLARS) TEACHING IN KAMPONG GELAM MUSLIM QUARTER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  54. 54. MUTAWWIF (Sheikh Haji) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  55. 55. MUTAWWIF (Sheikh Haji) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  56. 56. SAWMILLSAWMILL MUSLIM CEMETARYMUSLIM CEMETARY PELEMBANG ROAD PELEMBANG ROAD JAVA ROAD JAVA ROAD MINTO ROAD MINTO ROAD JALAN SULTAN JALAN SULTAN PHOTO FROM IMRAN B TAJUDEENPHOTO FROM IMRAN B TAJUDEEN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  57. 57. SEKOLAH MELAYU KOTA RAJASEKOLAH MELAYU KOTA RAJA MASJID MALABARMASJID MALABAR VICTORIA SCHOOLVICTORIA SCHOOL JALAN BESAR STADIUMJALAN BESAR STADIUM MASJID HAJJAH FATIMAHMASJID HAJJAH FATIMAH KOTA NONGCHIKKOTA NONGCHIK (ALSAGOFF)(ALSAGOFF) MADRASAH ALSAOFFMADRASAH ALSAOFF AHMADIAH PRESSAHMADIAH PRESS SAWMILLSAWMILL MUSLIM CEMETARYMUSLIM CEMETARY PELEMBANG ROAD PELEMBANG ROAD JAVA ROAD JAVA ROAD MINTO ROAD MINTO ROAD JALAN SULTAN JALAN SULTAN MADRASAH ALJUNEIDMADRASAH ALJUNEID Annotated to highlight Important landmarks RUMAH BESAR HJ OMRRUMAH BESAR HJ OMR AMBO’ SOOLOHAMBO’ SOOLOH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PHOTO FROM IMRAN B TAJUDEENPHOTO FROM IMRAN B TAJUDEEN
  58. 58. Masjid Hajjah FatimahMasjid Hajjah Fatimah JAVA RO AD JAVA RO AD Syed Muhammad AhmadSyed Muhammad Ahmad Alsagoff ( NongChik )Alsagoff ( NongChik ) PALEMBANG ROAD PALEMBANG ROAD Photo from Berita HarianAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  59. 59. Masjid Hajjah FatimahMasjid Hajjah Fatimah JAVA RO AD JAVA RO AD Syed Muhammad AhmadSyed Muhammad Ahmad Alsagoff ( NongChik )Alsagoff ( NongChik ) PALEMBANG ROAD PALEMBANG ROAD Photo from Berita HarianAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  60. 60. Masjid Hajjah FatimahMasjid Hajjah Fatimah Kota AlsagoffKota Alsagoff (NongChik)(NongChik) JAVA RO AD JAVA RO AD Masjid Hajjah FatimahMasjid Hajjah Fatimah Ustaz Hj Daud AliUstaz Hj Daud Ali PALEMBANG ROAD PALEMBANG ROAD JALAN SULTANJALAN SULTAN SUMBAWA ROADSUMBAWA ROAD Hj Ambok SoolohHj Ambok Sooloh Photo from Berita Harian PROMINENT RESIDENTSPROMINENT RESIDENTS Syed Muhammad AhmadSyed Muhammad Ahmad Alsagoff ( NongChik )Alsagoff ( NongChik ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  61. 61. ROLE OF SYED MUHAMMAD BIN AHMAD AL-SAGOFF (NONG CHIK) Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945  He built “Kota Nong Chik (Java Rd) “ with a prominent landmark being the mosque in his grandmother’s name “ Masjid Hajjah Fatimah”.  Initiated “Halaqah ” specifically in Islamic religious studies by bringing Islamic scholars-teachers ( ‘Ulama-Fuqaha) from Hadramawt. Originally meant for his family but later opened to the rest of the Muslim community.  “Kota Nong Chik” and Java Road then became center for learning Islam which attracted students from the Nusantara. He also established many other welfare institutions – free clinic, orphanage, charities, trusts, etc. including instruction towards the building of a Madrasah on Jalan Sultan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  62. 62. built in 1912 Built as one of the Waqf ofBuilt as one of the Waqf of Syed Muhammad AhmadSyed Muhammad Ahmad Alsagoff ( NongChik )Alsagoff ( NongChik ) Photo circa 1950’s – originally, cohort only for boysPhoto circa 1950’s – originally, cohort only for boys MADRASAH ALSAGOFF AL-ARABIYYAH (1912) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  64. 64. Sheikh Muhammad Fadlullah as-Suhaimi One of the Mudir Madrasah Alsaqoff al-Arabiyyah, Kulliyatul Attas (Johor), Madrasah al-Ma’rif (Ipoh Lane) built in 1912 MADRASAH ALSAGOFF AL-ARABIYYAH (1912) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  65. 65. Sayyid Abu Bakar Bin Taha As-Saqqaff (First Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) built in 1927 Built as by Syed Abdul Rahman AljujniedBuilt as by Syed Abdul Rahman Aljujnied From the Waqf of Syed Omar bin Ali AljuniedFrom the Waqf of Syed Omar bin Ali Aljunied MADRASAH ALJUNIED AL-ISLAMIYYAH (1927) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  66. 66. Sayyid Abdullah bin Syeikh bin Muhammad Balfagih (Second Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) built in 1927 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  67. 67. PHOTO NOT AVAILABLE PHOTO NOT AVAILABLE Sayyid Muhammad bin Alwi al-’Eydrus (Third Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) built in 1927 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  68. 68. Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin Hassan al-Shatrie (Senior teacher of Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) built in 1927 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  69. 69. Tuan Imam Hj Yusuf (First Chief Qadhi) Sheikh Hj Abbas bin Taha al-Azhari (Second Chief Qadhi) Tuan Imam Haji Ali bin Muhammad Sa’id (Third Chief Qadhi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  70. 70. "Photos are with courtesy from Encik Daing Farhan" Hashim bin Syukore Tawajok, (clerk of the registry) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Sheikh Haji Abbas Bin Taha Al-Azhari, (2nd CHIEF QADHI of Singapore)
  71. 71.  "Photos are with courtesy from Encik Daing Farhan"  Hashim bin Syukore Tawajok, (clerk of the registry) Imam Hj Ali bin Muhammad Said Salleh, (3rd CHIEF QADHI of Singapura) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  72. 72. Kiyai Abdul Halim bin Karto (Qadhi of Telok Blanga) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  73. 73. Habib ‘Alwi bin Tahir al-Haddad (Mufti of Johore) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  74. 74. Maulana Shah Abdul ‘Aleem as-Siddiqey (Eminent Da-’ie of Islam) Visited Singapore in 1930 to spread the message and beauty of Islam. He delivered numerous lectures in Singapore and attracted many people to Islam. He pioneered the establishment of the All Malaya Muslim Missionary Society, now known as “Jam’iyah”, in 1932 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  75. 75. ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY (1932) ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) PREMIER ISLAMIC COLLEGE IN KLANG (1957) ( KOLEJ ISLAM KELANG MALAYA) INTER-RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION (1949) (PLATFORM  FOR  INTER-FAITH  DA’AWAH ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  76. 76. Advising the British ruler regarding Muslim’s needs in their religious matters MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARDSINCE TO COLONIAL PERIOD, THE BRITISH HAD ACCOMODATED THE RELIGIOUS NEEDS OF ITS SUBJECT. BEFORE INDEPENDENCE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  77. 77. Advising the British ruler regarding Muslim’s needs in their religious matters MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARDSINCE TO COLONIAL PERIOD, THE BRITISH HAD ACCOMODATED THE RELIGIOUS NEEDS OF ITS SUBJECT. AFTER INDEPENDENCE MUSLIM LEADERS SOUGHT PARLIAMENT TO ENACT THE A.M.L.A. A.M.L.A. Administration of Muslim Law Act (1966) Prof. Tan Sri Datuk Ahmad IbrahimProf. Tan Sri Datuk Ahmad Ibrahim (Singapore’s First Attorney General)(Singapore’s First Attorney General) Main draughtsman of the ActMain draughtsman of the Act In consultation with the ‘Ulama,In consultation with the ‘Ulama, Chief Qadhi, Mashayyikh, Muslim leaders etc.Chief Qadhi, Mashayyikh, Muslim leaders etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  78. 78. MUIS Islamic Religious Council SHARI’AH COURT REGISTRY OF MUSLIM MARRIAGE MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARD Advising the British ruler regarding Muslim’s needs in their religious matters Administering Muslim Family & Personal Law After AMLA this role of advising the government is to be carried out by: PRESIDENT PRESIDENT MUFTIREGISTRAR Representatives from the Muslim community AFTER INDEPENDENCE A.M.L.A. Administration of Muslim Law Act (1966) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  79. 79. First President and then MUFTI of Singapura Acting PRESIDENT of SHARI’AH COURT Tuan Hj Sanusi Mahmood REGISTRAR OF MUSLIM MARRIAGES Ustaz Haji Abu Bakar Bin Haji Hashim Ustaz Muhammad Taha As-Suhaimi Third CHIEF QADHI of Singapura Tuan Imam Hj Ali bin Muhammad Said Salleh All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  80. 80. First MUFTI of Singapura Second PRESIDENT of SHARI’AH COURT Tuan Hj Sanusi Mahmood Second REGISTRAR OF MUSLIM MARRIAGES Ustaz Haji Abu Bakar Bin Haji Hashim Ustaz Haji Pasuni Bin Maulan All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  81. 81. Second MUFTI of Singapura Third PRESIDENT of SHARI’AH COURT Syed Isa Bin Semait Ustaz Haji Sallim Bin Jasman Ustaz Syed Ahmad bin Muuhammad al-’Aidid Third REGISTRAR OF MUSLIM MARRIAGES Photo not available All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  83. 83. USTAZ AMIR RAIS USTAZ ABU BAKAR HASHIM USTAZ SALLIM JASMAN USTAZ PASUNI MAULAN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  84. 84. Period after 1945Period after 1945 ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) - 1932 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  85. 85. PERGAS Y.W.M.A. (PPIS) MUHAMMADIYYAH PERDAUSHIMPUNAN BELIA ISLAM KUMPULAN SAUDARA BARU (DARUL ARQAM) PERTAPIS PERMUSI (FAMSA) ISLAMIC FELLOWSHIPBUSTANUL ARIFIN MUHAMMADAN STARLIGHT CLUB 4 PM (LITERARY) MAJLIS PUSAT (CULTURAL) LBKM (SCHOLARSHIP) SEKAWAN DESA DARUL IHSANDARUL IHSAN AMP Campus Muslim Societies NUSMS NTUMS SPMS SKML (INDIAN) ‘AIN SOCIETY INTER-RELIGIOUS ORGN. PERPENSIS C.C.I.S. R.I.M.A. ANGKATAN ISLAM AL-WEHDAH List is not exhaustive ... ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) - 1932 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  86. 86. USTAZ HAJI DAUD ALI Period after 1945Period after 1945 USTAZ EMBOK MUSA PERGAS (PERSATUAN GURU-GURU AGAMA SINGAPURA) - 1957 ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL  ‘ULAMA  KIYAI ZUHRI MUTAMMIM ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) - 1932 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  87. 87. ALLAH YARHAM HUM : Kiayi Ahmad Zohri Mutamim, Ustaz Hj Mohammad Hj Rais, Ustaz Mustajab Shae’in, Ustaz Embong, Ustaz Hj Daud bin Ali, Ustaz Said Ibrahim, Ustaz Amir bin Hj Mohammad Hj Rais, Ustaz Hj Abdul Kadir, Mofradi Mohammad Noor, Ustaz Mohammad Amin Muslim, Ustaz Hafi Hakim and Ustaz Idris Ahmad – (Amongst the protem committee members leading to the formation of PERGAS) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) (Persatuan Guru-guru Agama Singapura) Singapore Religious Teachers’ Association
  88. 88. Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ALLAH YARHAM HUM : (my teacher-mentor) Al-Ustaz Muhammad bin Muhammad Sa’id bin Arshad @Ustaz Ahmad Lufit of Madrasatus-Sibyan Kg. Bunga Raya (seated-front extreme right), he also taught at Madrasah Aljunied – with some of his students at PERGAS – amongst them here: Ustaz Syed Ahmad bin Semait, Ustaz Syed Esa bin Semait, Ustaz Khairuddin Abdul Hamid, Syed Abdillah Ahmad Al-Jufri, UstazPeer Mohamed bin Seeni Rawther (Persatuan Guru-guru Agama Singapura) Singapore Religious Teachers’ Association
  89. 89. Ustaz Haji Abu Bakar Hashim (President Shari’ah court and President PERGAS) Ustaz al-Habib Sayyid ‘Abdillah bin Ahmad al-Jufrie (Mudir Madrasah Al-Juneid and President PERGAS) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  90. 90. Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (extreme left) while serving in PERGAS as the Manager, with its President Allayharhamhu Al-Ustaz Syed Abdillah Ahmad Al-Jufri (extreme right) receiving visitors-guests from Malaysia Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) (Persatuan Ulama’ dan Guru-guru Agama Singapura) Singapore Islamic Scholars and Religious Teachers’ Association
  91. 91. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Extracted from: IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,   MOST MOST  COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  92. 92. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  93. 93. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS Seen as alien (and Christian), generally Seen as alien (and Christian), generally  the indigenous Malay-Muslims then, the indigenous Malay-Muslims then,  were afraid to sending their children to were afraid to sending their children to  British schoolsBritish schools Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  94. 94. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS To remove the fear, the British colonial To remove the fear, the British colonial  Government Introduced VernacularGovernment Introduced Vernacular   schools  referred to as ‘Sekolah Melayu’schools  referred to as ‘Sekolah Melayu’ Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  95. 95. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS Yet, full-time schools teaching Islam Yet, full-time schools teaching Islam  continued but to differentiate it, continued but to differentiate it,  began to be referred to as ‘Sekolah Arab’began to be referred to as ‘Sekolah Arab’ ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  96. 96. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) More  such school  teaching the religion  sprouted. More  such school  teaching the religion  sprouted.  And to emphasize its religious orientation, these And to emphasize its religious orientation, these  schools then were simply called “Sekolah Agama” schools then were simply called “Sekolah Agama”  or the Arabic “Madrasah”or the Arabic “Madrasah” SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  97. 97. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge)SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  98. 98. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE Government controlledIndependent – by community KUTTABKUTTAB BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge) With the availability of lesson on Islam, With the availability of lesson on Islam,  the general Malay-Muslim population’sthe general Malay-Muslim population’s concern for their children’s Islamic concern for their children’s Islamic  education were pacified and assured.education were pacified and assured. Full-time Madrasah intake declined.Full-time Madrasah intake declined. SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  99. 99. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) Government controlledIndependent – by community BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS KUTTABKUTTAB Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge)SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) INTEGRATED  SCHOOLS (INTRODUCED)INTEGRATED  SCHOOLS (INTRODUCED) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  100. 100. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) INTEGRATED  SCHOOLSINTEGRATED  SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLSFULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS Government controlledIndependent – by community BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS KUTTABKUTTAB Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge)SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  101. 101. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) INTEGRATED  SCHOOLSINTEGRATED  SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLSFULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS Government controlledIndependent – by community BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS KUTTABKUTTAB Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge) TEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPEDTEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPED SEKOLAH AGAMA (SEKOLAH AGAMA (MadrasahMadrasah)) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  102. 102. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ( ( MadrasahMadrasah)) INTEGRATED  SCHOOLSINTEGRATED  SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLSFULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS TEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPEDTEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPED Government controlledIndependent – by community BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS MADRASAHMADRASAH Home-based study  circles; Family trust; Home-based study  circles; Family trust;  MUIS - mosques; Islamic organizations; MUIS - mosques; Islamic organizations;  private schools ; individual scholars; etc.private schools ; individual scholars; etc. ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS KUTTABKUTTAB Asaatizah Asaatizah absorbed by M.O.E  into absorbed by M.O.E  into  vernacular schools to teach I.R.K.vernacular schools to teach I.R.K. (Islamic Religious knowledge)(Islamic Religious knowledge) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  103. 103. HALAQAHHALAQAH VISITINGVISITING ISLAMICISLAMIC SCHOLARSSCHOLARS VERNACULAR SCHOOLSVERNACULAR SCHOOLS QUR’AN SCHOOLQUR’AN SCHOOL MOSQUEMOSQUE ARABIC SCHOOL ARABIC SCHOOL ((MadrasahMadrasah)) Asaatizah absorbed by Asaatizah absorbed by  M.O.E  into vernacular M.O.E  into vernacular  schools to teach I.R.K.schools to teach I.R.K. INTEGRATED  SCHOOLSINTEGRATED  SCHOOLS FULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLSFULL ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS TEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPEDTEACHING I.R.K TOTALLY SCRAPPED Government controlledIndependent – by community BRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLSBRITISH ENGLISH SCHOOLS MADRASAHMADRASAH Home-based study  circles; Family trust; Home-based study  circles; Family trust;  MUIS - mosques; Islamic organizations; MUIS - mosques; Islamic organizations;  private schools ; individual scholars; etc.private schools ; individual scholars; etc. ENGLISH SCHOOLSENGLISH SCHOOLS KUTTABKUTTAB And the challenge continues … THE ‘WAQF’ –THE ‘WAQF’ – Acquisition and Land Lease issueAcquisition and Land Lease issue THE COMPULSORY EDUCATIONTHE COMPULSORY EDUCATION PSLE BENCHMARK ANDPSLE BENCHMARK AND LIMITATION OF COHORTSLIMITATION OF COHORTS THE J.M.S. ISSUETHE J.M.S. ISSUE ASAATIZAH – TEACHERS- TRAININGASAATIZAH – TEACHERS- TRAINING ……. ETC.. ETC. Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  104. 104. • As conveyed to me by As conveyed to me by          al-al-Ustaz Ahmad Sonhadji Muhammad Milatu (Allahyarhamhu)Ustaz Ahmad Sonhadji Muhammad Milatu (Allahyarhamhu) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  105. 105.  Madrasah Islah Islamiyyah Pepys Rd. off Pasir Panjang Rd.  Ma’ahadul Irsyad 67-6 Hindhede Rd.  Madrasatul Haq Al-Islamiyyah 97-C West Coast Road.  Madrasah Addiniyah Al-Islamiyah Kg. Bahru Road. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  106. 106.  Madrasah Al-Hidayah Al-Islamiyah 26, Block 24, Tanglin Halt.  Madrasah Ar-Ridwan Lot G, Jalan Madrasah  Madrasah Khairah Block 60, Canberra Road.  Madrasah Attarbiyah Addiniyah 27, Lorong Mekola off Jalan Kayu.  Madrasah Al-Islamiyah Sembawang 51, Andrew Avenue. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  107. 107.  Madrasah Abu Kassim Lorong Abu Kassim, Pasir Panjang Road.  Madrasah Taman Jurong Block 54, 45/47 Yung An Road.  Madrasah Asriyah 56, Lorong Melayu.  Madrasah Al-Hidayah Lorong 21, Geylang Road.  Madrasah Bustanul Arifin Coronation Road. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  108. 108.  Madrasah Kampung Paya Goyang Somerset Road.  Madrasah Al-Wataniyah Kampung Paya, Jalan Serai.  Madrasatus-Sibyan Kg. Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku Aman.  Madrasah al-Saedatul Islamiyyah West Coast Rd , 81/4 ms.  Madrasatul Islamiyah 2A, Kampung Berih Rd off Chua Chu Kang NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  109. 109.  Madrasah Tahdzibiyah Islamiyah 15, Jalan Ulu Seletar, Nee Soon.  Madrasah Diniyah Ellis Road.  Madrasatul Mabtadi 120, Block 14, Stirling Road.  Madrasah Ahmad Yahya Masjid Ahmad, South Buona Vista  Madrasah Azamiyah Islamiyah c/o Penjara Changi. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  110. 110.  Madrasah Attariah Al-Islamiyah 97A Estate off Jalan Woodbridge  Madrasah Tengku Abdul Jalil Kampung Pahang, Pulau Tekong  Sekolah Ugama Pulau Seking Pulau Seking.  Taman Pendidikan Islam 14, Jalan Kunyit.  Sekolah Ugama Radin Mas 47A, Raden Mas, Telok Blanga. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  111. 111.  Sekolah Ugama Penjara Singapura 48, Jalan Penjara off Margaret Drive  Sekolah Ugama Kampung Bedok 11, Jalan Bilal off Bedok Road.  Sekolah Ugama Rakyat Jurong Jalan Majapahit, Upper Jurong Road.  Sekolah Ugama Rakyat Naval Base Canada Road, Naval Base, Sembawang.  Sekolah Rakyat Islam Jalan Eunos. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  112. 112.  Sekolah Ugama Bukit Gombak Lorong 4, Bukit Gombak.  Sekolah Ugama Surau Akhyar Lorong Lompang. NO MORE IN EXISTENCE NO MORE IN EXISTENCE Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  113. 113. Madrasah Al-Khairiyah Islamiyyah 152, Still Road.(as part-time) Madrasah Aljunied Al-Islamiyyah 395, Victoria Street. (built in 1927) 30, Victoria Lane (relocated) Madrasah Wak Tanjong 589-D Sims Avenue. (built in 1987) Madrasah Alsagoff Al-Arabiyyah 111, Jalan Sultan. (built in 1912) STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  114. 114. Madrasah Al-Arabiyyah No 12, Jalan Selamat. Lorong 13 Geylang Road. (relocated) Madrasah Al-Ma’arif No.14, Ipoh Lane. (built 1939) No.3 Lorong 39, Geylang Road (relocated) Madrasah Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyah No.6 Hindhede Road No. 9 Winstedt Road Islamic Hub, 277 Braddel Road (relocated) STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  115. 115. PART-TIME MADRASAH MANAGED BY PERGAS AND OTHER MUSLIM ASSOCIATIONS. PART-TIME MADRASAH IN LOCAL MOSQUES THROUGHOUT SINGAPORE. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  116. 116. ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS CLASSES, HALAQAH, CONDUCTED BY INDIVIDUAL TEACHERS. PRIVATE ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL CENTRES. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  117. 117. Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  118. 118. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 ESTABLISHMENT OF KAMPONG GELAM AS A MUSLIM QUARTER The immense contributions of the Islamic scholars, teachers,The immense contributions of the Islamic scholars, teachers, philanthropists, developers, the early pioneering traders,philanthropists, developers, the early pioneering traders, workers, settlers – galvanized into forging a hegemony based onworkers, settlers – galvanized into forging a hegemony based on Islam.Islam. Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  119. 119. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945KAMPONG GELAM As a hub for pilgrimage, it attracted Muslims from the whole region of the Nusantara as transit to Makkah MUTAWWIF (Sheikh Haji) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  120. 120. Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945KAMPONG GELAM As a hub for pilgrimage and establishment of Madrasah and learning centres, it also became conducive for publication and printing houses for Islamic books  Most notably “Al-Ahmadiah Press” – established its building in Jalan Sultan in 1903 by the Royal household of the Sultanate of Riau. They also ran the “ Ahmadi & Co., Midai, Pulau Tujuh, Natuna – Indonesia, from here. OTHERS  “Royal Press” (Northbridge road-Jalan Kledek)  “Malaysia Press” (Northbridge road) BOOK HOUSES  Sulaiman Mar’ie (Bussorah street)  Toko Hj Hashim B Abdullah (Arab street) Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  121. 121. ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY (1932) ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) INTER-RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION (1949) ( PLATFORM FOR INTER-FAITH DA’AWAH ) PREMIER ISLAMIC COLLEGE IN KLANG (1957) ( KOLEJ ISLAM KELANG MALAYA) Period 1820 - 1945Period 1820 - 1945 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  122. 122. ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) PERGAS Y.W.M.A. (PPIS) MUHAMMADIYYAH PERDAUSHIMPUNAN BELIA ISLAM KUMPULAN SAUDARA BARU (DARUL ARQAM) PERTAPIS PERMUSI (FAMSA) ISLAMIC FELLOWSHIPBUSTANUL ARIFIN MUHAMMADAN STARLIGHT CLUB 4 PM (LITERARY) MAJLIS PUSAT (CULTURAL) LBKM (SCHOLARSHIP) SEKAWAN DESA DARUL IHSANDARUL IHSAN AMP Campus Muslim Societies NUSMS NTUMS SPMS SKML (INDIAN) ‘AIN SOCIETY INTER-RELIGIOUS ORGN. PERPENSIS C.C.I.S. R.I.M.A. ANGKATAN ISLAM AL-WEHDAH List is not exhaustive ... Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  123. 123. USTAZ HAJI DAUD ALI Period after 1945Period after 1945 USTAZ EMBOK MUSA PERGAS (PERSATUAN GURU-GURU AGAMA SINGAPURA) - 1957 ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL ‘ULAMA KIYAI ZUHRI MUTAMMIM ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) - 1932 Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  124. 124. Period after 1960’sPeriod after 1960’s USTAZ MUHAMMAD BIN DIAB KIYAI HAJI SHUKOR CLASSES AND STUDY CIRCLES BY INDIVIDUAL SCHOLARS MOULANA ABU BAKAR AL-MALABARI ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL ‘ULAMA USTAZ HAJI MUHAMMAD BIN RA-IS IMAM OF MASJID SULTANIMAM OF MASJID SULTAN IMAM OF MASJID MALABARIMAM OF MASJID MALABAR Prepared by © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  125. 125. CLASSES AND STUDY CIRCLES BY INDIVIDUAL SCHOLARS ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL ‘ULAMA Period after 1960’sPeriod after 1960’s USTAZ HUSSIN MAKDUM HABIB SYED MUHAMMAD BIN SALIM AL-ATTAS SHEIKH AL-’ALLAMAH SIDI RASHID SHEIKH UMAR BIN ABDULLAH AL-KHATIB IMAM OF MASJID BA-’ALAWIIMAM OF MASJID BA-’ALAWI All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  126. 126. Period after 1960’sPeriod after 1960’s USTAZ HAJI IBRAHIM USTAZ OSMAN B JANTAN PERDAUS (PERSATUAN PELAJAR-PELAJAR ISLAM DEWASA) - 1963 USTAZ HAFI B HAKIM USTAZ EMBEK ALI ALMAS (ALUMNI MADRASAH ALJUNIED SINGAPURA) ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL ‘ULAMA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  127. 127. MADRASAH BUSTANUL ‘ARIFIN (CORONATION ROAD) - 1946 USTAZ MUHAMMAD TAHA AS-SUHAIMI PERSATUAN ISLAM DAN PENCAK SILAT (PERIPENSIS) - 1963 ROLE OF THE TRADITIONAL ‘ULAMA Period after 1945Period after 1945 USTAZ AHMAD SONHADJI MUHAMMAD MILATU USTAZ MOULAVI BABU SAHIB All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  128. 128. MADRASAH WAK TANJONG AL-ISLAMIYAH (1958) MADRASAH AL-ARABIYAH MADRASAH AL-KHAIRIYAH SEKOLAH AGAMA RADIN MAS MA’AHAD AL-IRSHAD AL-ISLAMIYYAH - (1947) And many more as previously explained…And many more as previously explained… All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  129. 129. REFORMIST INSPIRED ORGANIZATION TAJDID – ‘ANSAR –ASSUNNAH’ Period 1970’sPeriod 1970’s -- PERSATUAN MUHAMMADIYAH SINGAPURA SEKAWAN DESA HIMPUNAN BELIA ISLAM (HBI) PERMUSI – (now ‘FAMSA ’ ) ANGKATAN ISLAM SINGAPURA Originally, PAS - Dr. Burhanuddin al-Helmy Ustaz Ya’kob Alias Ustaz Abdul Rahman Harun Ustaz Yasin Amin Sahib Ustaz Abu Bakar Ta’al Ibu Guru Maisarah Hilal Ustaz Maktum Mahmood Ustaz Latif (Embong) Ustaz Wan Salleh Abdullah KNOWN ASAATIZAH AT THE TIME WERE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  130. 130. INFLUENCE OF THE SAUDI ARABIAN GOVERNMENT Period 1970’sPeriod 1970’s W.A.M.Y. ( World Assembly of Muslim Youth ) I.F.S.O. ( International Federation of Student Union ) I.I.I.T. ( International Institute of Islamic Thought )  Dissemination of free books and literature.  Full sponsorship of Singapore students to study Islam in - University of Medina, Ummul Quro’ Makkah, University Imam Muhammad Ibnu Sa’ud Riyadh. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  131. 131. Period 1980’sPeriod 1980’s  Iranian government sponsored visits to Iran for young activists and leaders of Muslim organizations notably, from “Persatuan Muhammadiyyah” and HBI (“Himpunan Belia Islam” ).  Dissemination of free books and literature.  Full sponsorship of Singapore students to study Islam in Qom, Iran. INFLUENCE OF THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  132. 132. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  133. 133. DEVIANT TEACHINGS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY JAMA-’AH AHMADIYYA (“QADIANIY “)JAMA-’AH AHMADIYYA (“QADIANIY “) SYNCRETIC MYSTICISM “ KEJAWEN “ OR “ ‘ILMU KEBATINAN ”SYNCRETIC MYSTICISM “ KEJAWEN “ OR “ ‘ILMU KEBATINAN ” CULTS AND RELIGIOUS CHARLATANTSCULTS AND RELIGIOUS CHARLATANTS ANTI-HADITH (“ INGKAR SUNNAH ”)ANTI-HADITH (“ INGKAR SUNNAH ”) INNOVATION (INFILTRATION) OF ‘NEW-WAVE’ RELIGIONINNOVATION (INFILTRATION) OF ‘NEW-WAVE’ RELIGION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  134. 134. EXTREMIST INTERPRETATIONS CONFUSION IN KNOWLEDGECONFUSION IN KNOWLEDGE LOSS OF ADAB AND (USURPATION) - RISE OF FALSE LEADERSLOSS OF ADAB AND (USURPATION) - RISE OF FALSE LEADERS BLIND AND FANATICAL IN FOLLOWING A MADZHABBLIND AND FANATICAL IN FOLLOWING A MADZHAB REJECTION OF THE IMPERATIVE TO FOLLOWING MADZHABREJECTION OF THE IMPERATIVE TO FOLLOWING MADZHAB REDUCTIONIST TENDENCIES IN WORLDVIEW OF ISLAMREDUCTIONIST TENDENCIES IN WORLDVIEW OF ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  135. 135. ORIENTALIST’S ISLAM ADVOCATING THE LEARNING OF ISLAM AS SUBJECTS –ADVOCATING THE LEARNING OF ISLAM AS SUBJECTS – (Muslims to remain neutral by being ‘ Objective’ when learning(Muslims to remain neutral by being ‘ Objective’ when learning Islam’)Islam’) INVALIDITY OF ALL ‘TRUTH-CLAIM’ –INVALIDITY OF ALL ‘TRUTH-CLAIM’ – Anthropological - religion as social construct, need to evolve, etc.Anthropological - religion as social construct, need to evolve, etc. TRANCENDENTAL UNITY OF RELIGION –TRANCENDENTAL UNITY OF RELIGION – (Rigid black/white dichotomy of Inclusive vs. Exclusive)(Rigid black/white dichotomy of Inclusive vs. Exclusive) MANY TYPES OF ISLAM (Labeling) – Liberal, Progressive, Moderate,MANY TYPES OF ISLAM (Labeling) – Liberal, Progressive, Moderate, Reformed (Protestant), Pacifist, Modernist, etc.Reformed (Protestant), Pacifist, Modernist, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  136. 136. SECULARIZATION OF MUSLIM BREAKDOWN IN OUR ADHERENCE TO ISLAMIC TRADITION -BREAKDOWN IN OUR ADHERENCE TO ISLAMIC TRADITION - FAILURE TO FULLY BENEFIT FROM THE ‘DUALISTIC EDUCATIONALFAILURE TO FULLY BENEFIT FROM THE ‘DUALISTIC EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM’SYSTEM’ REMOVAL OR DISAPPEARANCE OF “DA’WAH-ISLAH” SPIRIT –REMOVAL OR DISAPPEARANCE OF “DA’WAH-ISLAH” SPIRIT – FAILURE TO RESPOND TO CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES REGARDINGFAILURE TO RESPOND TO CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES REGARDING VALUES.VALUES. THE PASSIVE MODE TOWARDS MEDIA EXPOSURE AND THETHE PASSIVE MODE TOWARDS MEDIA EXPOSURE AND THE ENCROACHMENT OF ‘SECULARISM’ IN A MULTI-RELIGIOUS SPACE.ENCROACHMENT OF ‘SECULARISM’ IN A MULTI-RELIGIOUS SPACE. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  137. 137. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  138. 138. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 138All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))

×