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““IINNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN TTOO TTHHEE 
SSTTUUDDYY OOFF FFIIQQHH ”” 
IInntteerrmmeeddiiaattee LLeevveell IIssllaammiicc cc...
Every tree begun from aa sseeeedd,, aanndd wwoouulldd 
ggrrooww iinn ssttaaggeess –– ffrroomm sseeeeddlliinngg iinnttoo aa...
INFANT 
PRE-SCHOOL 
Parents may already provide 
nurturing in accordance with 
Islamic traditions. Yet although 
much time...
SCHOOLING 
PERIOD 
EXPOSURE TO 
TODAY’S “TEENS 
SUB-CULTURE” 
Although some basic knowledge 
of Islam may have been 
provi...
EXPOSURE TO 
TODAY’S “TEENS 
SUB-CULTURE” 
With lesser contact-time at 
home, and inadequate 
mentoring & monitoring 
Isla...
COLLEGE & 
VARSITY – 
NATIONAL 
SERVICE 
TASTE OF 
WORKING LIFE 
At this level, our young may 
become more independent (le...
IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc 
ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? 
No, if approach to 
learning Islam merely as 
s...
IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc 
ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? 
No, if parents merely 
delegate tasks to 
teach...
IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc 
ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? 
No, when learning does 
not conform to its 
sys...
IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc 
ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? 
No, when learning does 
not conform to its 
sys...
IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn 
aacchhiieevveedd bbyy 
iinntteeggrraattiinngg 
kknnoowwlleeddggee?? 
Mere integrat...
IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn 
aacchhiieevveedd bbyy 
iinntteeggrraattiinngg 
kknnoowwlleeddggee?? 
It is only wh...
IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn 
aacchhiieevveedd bbyy 
iinntteeggrraattiinngg 
kknnoowwlleeddggee?? 
That it must ...
IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn 
aacchhiieevveedd bbyy 
iinntteeggrraattiinngg 
kknnoowwlleeddggee?? 
That the thre...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
““O YOU who hhaavvee aattttaaiinneedd ttoo ffaaiitthh!! DDoo nnoott ppuutt yyoouurrsseellvveess 
ffoorrwwaarrdd iinn tthhe...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 17
(Say:) ”Behold, my prayer, and [all] my acts of worship (sacrifices), 
my living and my dying are for Allah [alone, Who is...
““TThhee hheeaadd ooff tthhee mmaatttteerr iiss AAll--IIssllaamm;; 
iittss ppiillllaarr iiss tthhee ((oobblliiggaattoorryy...
“AD-DEEN” - usually translated as “the religion” more 
accurately it should be “a total way of life or a 
comprehensive sy...
 Usually translated as “religion” – (borrowed from the 
available Western equivalent, but it does not accurately 
convey ...
 from root word “daa-na “which can also mean : “be 
indebted; to owe one’s thanks; to be subjected; bow; 
yield; owe alle...
 The primary significations of the term “deen ” thus can be 
reduced to four: 
(1) Indebtedness 
(2) Submissiveness/submi...
 Thus, the implication of “religion ” in the ordinary usage which 
tends to be affected by secular thoughts is not in acc...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
“ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - 
for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Rea...
ONLY FOR THOSE MMEEAANNTT TTOO BBEE SSUUBBDDUUEEDD 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
““HHaavvee yyoouu sseeeenn hhee wwhhoo hhaass ttaakkeenn aass hhiiss ggoodd hhiiss [[oowwnn]] ddeessiirree,, aanndd AAllll...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
• In the discourse regarding human motivation, eevveerr ssiinnccee MMaassllooww’’ss 
““hhiieerraarrcchhyy ooff nneeeeddss”...
• GGooaall--SSeettttiinngg TThheeoorryy 
• MMaannaaggeemmeenntt bbyy OObbjjeeccttiivveess ((MMOOBB)) 
• SSeellff--EEffffii...
• Due to the popularity of Maslow’s Theory (despite the criticism), we begin 
our discussion on motivation using his pyram...
AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 
*Diagram3 3from Wikipedia 
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in 
psychology that A...
Maslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies ttoowwaarrddss bbeeiinngg 
sseellff--cceennttrreedd;; wwhhoossee iinnssttiinnc...
Maslow does acknowledge the role of rreelliiggiioonn wwhhiicchh ssoommeehhooww 
mmoottiivvaatteess mmaann ttoowwaarrddss s...
This equates human still to be on the same lleevveell aass tthhaatt ooff 
aanniimmaallss,, aass tthhoouugghh nnaattuurraal...
• We, Muslims differ from this view that hhuummaann iiss aann ssppeecciiee 
eevvoollvveedd ffrroomm tthhee aanniimmaall ((...
• Yet Maslow and other secular psychologists, may be partly 
correct in their observation of human behaviour, perhaps 
bec...
““HHaavvee yyoouu sseeeenn tthhee oonnee wwhhoo ttaakkeess aass hhiiss ggoodd hhiiss oowwnn ddeessiirree?? 
TThheenn wwoou...
• In applying his theory on motivation -- ffoolllloowwiinngg ssttrriiccttllyy hhiiss 
hierarchy of needs pyramid – thus it...
• But, this hierarchy of needs theory is irrelevant regarding the 
religiously inclined, or those who already subscribe to...
IN ENUMERATING TRAITS OF SELF-ACTUALIZED 
PEOPLE, WE TEND TO AGREE WITH MASLOW, 
FOR TO US, HE IS AS THOUGH IN FACT ALSO 
...
11.. AAwwaarreenneessss:: 
efficient perception of reality 
freshness of appreciation 
peak experiences 
ethical awareness...
33.. FFrreeeeddoomm 
need for solitude 
autonomous, independent 
creativity, originality 
spontaneous 
44.. TTrruusstt 
pr...
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
““aann eeppiissooddee oorr ssppuurrtt iinn wwhhiicchh tthhee ppoowweerrss ooff tthhee ppeerrs...
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
““aann eeppiissooddee oorr ssppuurrtt iinn wwhhiicchh tthhee ppoowweerrss ooff tthhee ppeerrs...
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 
AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 47
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
AANNDD WWHHEENN RREELLIIGGIIOONN OORR 
MMEETTAAPPHHYYSSIICCSS CCAANN BBEE 
TTHHEE MMEEAANNSS ...
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
““OO yyoouu wwhhoo hhaavvee aattttaaiinneedd ttoo ffaaiitthh!! SSuurrrreennddeerr yyoouurrsse...
""BBee yyee ((RRoobbbbaanniiyyiinn)) wwoorrsshhiippppeerrss ooff HHiimm ((WWhhoo iiss ttrruullyy tthhee CChheerriisshheerr...
Human perfection 
Esteem, 
Love / belonging 
Safety, 
Physiological, 
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEES...
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” 
TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss 
RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSN...
Human perfection 
Esteem, 
Love / belonging 
Safety, 
Physiological, 
TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM 
““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFI...
FurthHeur ‘mMaUnJA pAeHrAfDeAcHti’o , nemulating 
Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w 
with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain 
Esteem, 
L...
FurthHeur ‘mMaUnJA pAeHrAfDeAcHti’o , nemulating 
Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w 
with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain 
Esteem, 
L...
“LET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on 
denying the truth seem to be able to do as they please on 
earth: it ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
““SSeeeekk iinnsstteeaadd,, bbyy mmeeaannss ooff wwhhaatt AAllllaahh hhaass ggrraanntteedd 
tthheeee,, [[tthhee ggoooodd o...
““Work for your worldly needs, aass tthhoouugghh yyoouu aarree ggooiinngg 
ttoo lliivvee ffoorreevveerr,, aanndd ssttrriiv...
““What I have forbidden to you, avoid; wwhhaatt II hhaavvee oorrddeerreedd 
yyoouu [[ttoo ddoo]],, ddoo aass mmuucchh ooff...
““There will come a time for mmaannkkiinndd ((iinn ffuuttuurree)),, 
wwhheenn tthheeyy ((ppeeooppllee)) wwiillll nnoott cc...
““VVeerriillyy,, tthhee fflleesshh aanndd bblloooodd wwhhiicchh ggrreeww ffrroomm ppaarrttaakkiinngg 
ffoooodd wwhhiicchh ...
““Blessed is He (Allah) in whose hand iiss ddoommiinniioonn,, aanndd HHee iiss 
oovveerr aallll tthhiinnggss ccoommppeette...
““Allah keeps firm those who believe, wwiitthh tthhee ffiirrmm wwoorrdd,, iinn 
wwoorrllddllyy lliiffee aanndd iinn tthhee...
““Have yyoouu nnoott ccoonnssiiddeerreedd tthhoossee wwhhoo eexxcchhaannggeedd tthhee 
ffaavvoouurr ooff AAllllaahh ffoorr...
AND WITH ALLAH 
IS THE GUIDANCE 
AND TRUE SUCCESS 
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
””All praise is due to Allah, who hhaass gguuiiddeedd uuss uunnttoo tthhiiss;; 
ffoorr wwee wwoouulldd cceerrttaaiinnllyy ...
And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the 
Messenger of Allah and upon His household 
69 
and Companions . 
All Right...
"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy ((WWiillll)) aanndd ooff oouurr 
pprrooggeennyy aa ppeeooppllee MMuusslliimm b...
““Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our ooffffsspprriinngg bbee aa jjooyy ttoo 
oouurr eeyyeess,, aanndd ccaauussee uu...
"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and mmaakkee oouurr sstteeppss ffiirrmm;; 
HHeellpp uuss aaggaaiinnsstt tthhoossee tth...
““OOuurr LLoorrdd !! LLeett nnoott oouurr hheeaarrttss sswweerrvvee ffrroomm tthhee ttrruutthh aafftteerr YYoouu 
hhaavvee...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 74
““Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or ffaallll iinnttoo eerrrroorr;; OOuurr 
LLoorrdd!! LLaayy nnoott oonn uuss aa b...
""OOuurr LLoorrdd!! GGiivvee uuss ggoooodd iinn tthhiiss wwoorrlldd aanndd ggoooodd iinn tthhee HHeerreeaafftteerr 
aanndd...
““((May) Allah grant His Reward upon MMuuhhaammmmaadd,, ssaalluuttaattiioonnss 
ooff AAllllaahh aanndd PPeeaaccee bbee uup...
And salutations ooff AAllllaahh aanndd PPeeaaccee bbee 
uuppoonn oouurr LLeeaaddeerr MMuuhhaammmmaadd,, aanndd uuppoonn 
7...
”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what 
they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messenge...
““Grant us (tthheessee oouurr ssuupppplliiccaattiioonn)),, 
bbyy YYoouurr MMeerrccyy,, ((OO AAllllaahh,, YYoouu aarree)) t...
AAllll wweellccoommee ttoo vviissiitt mmyy wweebb--bblloogg:: 
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ 
http://introductiontotauh...
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[Slideshare] fiqh-course (august 2014-batch) -# 16-a-muslims-response-to-maslow's-(10-december-2014)

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[Slideshare] fiqh-course (august 2014-batch) -# 16-a-muslims-response-to-maslow's-(10-december-2014)

  1. 1. ““IINNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN TTOO TTHHEE SSTTUUDDYY OOFF FFIIQQHH ”” IInntteerrmmeeddiiaattee LLeevveell IIssllaammiicc ccoouurrssee iinn EEnngglliisshh ffoorr AAdduullttss ccoonndduucctteedd bbyy UUssttaazz ZZhhuullkkeefflleeee HHjj IIssmmaaiill IINN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, MMOOSSTT CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL.. LLEESSSSOONN ## 1166 –– All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge UUssiinngg tteexxtt && ccuurrrriiccuulluumm hhee hhaass ddeevveellooppeedd eessppeecciiaallllyy ffoorr MMuusslliimm ccoonnvveerrttss aanndd yyoouunngg AAdduulltt EEnngglliisshh--ssppeeaakkiinngg MMuusslliimmss.. ““TToo sseeeekk kknnoowwlleeddggee iiss oobblliiggaattoorryy uuppoonn eevveerryy MMuusslliimm ((mmaallee && ffeemmaallee))”” UUPPDDAATTEEDD –– 1100 DDEECCEEMMBBEERR--22001144 AAUUGGUUSSTT 22001144 -- IINNTTAAKKEE RE-ORIENTING THE MUSLIMS’ WORLDVIEW REGARDING THEIR LLIIFFEE--MMOOTTIIVVAATTIIOONN EEvveerryy WWeeddnneessddaayy nniigghhtt @@ 88ppmm –– 1100ppmm WWiissmmaa IInnddaahh,, 445500 CChhaannggii RRooaadd,, ##0022--0000 nneexxtt ttoo MMaassjjiidd KKaassssiimm
  2. 2. Every tree begun from aa sseeeedd,, aanndd wwoouulldd ggrrooww iinn ssttaaggeess –– ffrroomm sseeeeddlliinngg iinnttoo aa ppllaanntt wwhhiicchh ffrroomm iittss oonnsseett ddeevveellooppss sseevveerraall iimmppoorrttaanntt ccrruucciiaall ccoommppoonneennttss vviizz.. IIttss rroooottss,, iittss sstteemmss wwhhiicchh tthheenn ggrrooww iinnttoo ttrruunnkk aanndd bbrraanncchheess,, iittss bbaarrkkss aanndd lleeaavveess eettcc.. AAllll ooff tthheessee hhaass ttoo bbee nnuurrttuurreedd aanndd lleett ttoo ggrrooww iinn ttaannddeemm –– aass aanndd wwhheenn ccoonnddiittiioonnss ppeerrmmiittss.. IIff aannyy ooff tthheessee iiss nneegglleecctteedd,, oorr pprroocceessss ffoorr tthheeiirr ggrroowwtthh ssttyymmiieedd ttoo oonnllyy aallllooww oonnee ccoommppoonneenntt ttoo bbee ffuullllyy ddeevveellooppeedd wwiitthhoouutt tthheessee ootthheerrss –– tthheenn tthhee ttrreeee mmaayy bbee hhaarrmmeedd.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  3. 3. INFANT PRE-SCHOOL Parents may already provide nurturing in accordance with Islamic traditions. Yet although much time spent confined at home, we must also become aware of strong influences through exposures of the mass media and our family lifestyle and parental behavior. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  4. 4. SCHOOLING PERIOD EXPOSURE TO TODAY’S “TEENS SUB-CULTURE” Although some basic knowledge of Islam may have been provided, yet when they sent the children to formal school, stress towards “academic excellence” only and tend to neglect the “Aqeedah-mic” element in their education. This must continuously be complimented in tandem with their development while in and throughout their schooling age. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  5. 5. EXPOSURE TO TODAY’S “TEENS SUB-CULTURE” With lesser contact-time at home, and inadequate mentoring & monitoring Islamically by parents, their education becomes “secularized”. Children may be left to peers and media influences. Islamic values may began to be subsumed by negative trends and sub-cultures opposed to Islam. Some may begin to have doubts about Islam or even loose their Muslim identity. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  6. 6. COLLEGE & VARSITY – NATIONAL SERVICE TASTE OF WORKING LIFE At this level, our young may become more independent (less attached to family influence); their idealism may lead them to ‘try out’, to adapt and adopt values alien to Islam itself. Serious crisis of identity usually occur at this stage – usually when they become ‘worldly-wise’ but unfortunately their knowledge of Islam stagnates at “kindergarten - primary” level. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  7. 7. IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? No, if approach to learning Islam merely as subjects to be learnt rather than a lifestyle and character building. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  8. 8. IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? No, if parents merely delegate tasks to teachers without they themselves participating in child’s holistic development, and providing good role models. No, if approach to learning Islam merely as subjects to be learnt rather than a lifestyle and character building. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  9. 9. IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? No, when learning does not conform to its systematic ways according to tradition – fardh ‘ayn before kifaayah; and to begin with eclectic before specialization All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  10. 10. IIss ppaarrtt--ttiimmee IIssllaammiicc ccllaasssseess aaddeeqquuaattee?? No, when learning does not conform to its systematic ways according to tradition – fardh ‘ayn before kifaayah; and to begin with eclectic before specialization No, when their identity as Muslims allowed to be eroded by other values and “idols” as role models.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  11. 11. IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn aacchhiieevveedd bbyy iinntteeggrraattiinngg kknnoowwlleeddggee?? Mere integration (formal school with Islamic class) does not make it an Islamic education. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  12. 12. IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn aacchhiieevveedd bbyy iinntteeggrraattiinngg kknnoowwlleeddggee?? It is only when the dominant worldview, approach and philosophy for their education is that of Islam; and the conscious objective is of moulding an Islamic identity becomes the primary concern. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  13. 13. IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn aacchhiieevveedd bbyy iinntteeggrraattiinngg kknnoowwlleeddggee?? That it must proactively equip them to discern between ‘haqq’ (truth) and ‘baatil’ (falsehood); between ‘hasanat’ (goodness) and ‘sai-yi’at’ (evil) etc. when learning from other systems. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  14. 14. IIss IIssllaammiicc eedduuccaattiioonn aacchhiieevveedd bbyy iinntteeggrraattiinngg kknnoowwlleeddggee?? That the three primary ‘Tawhidic’ development of iiman, ‘amal and ihsan (paradigm) continues to be nurtured. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  16. 16. ““O YOU who hhaavvee aattttaaiinneedd ttoo ffaaiitthh!! DDoo nnoott ppuutt yyoouurrsseellvveess ffoorrwwaarrdd iinn tthhee pprreesseennccee ooff [[wwhhaatt]] AAllllaahh aanndd HHiiss MMeesssseennggeerr [[mmaayy hhaavvee oorrddaaiinneedd]],, bbuutt rreemmaaiinn ccoonnsscciioouuss ooff AAllllaahh:: ffoorr,, vveerriillyy,, AAllllaahh iiss aallll--hheeaarriinngg,, aallll--kknnoowwiinngg!!”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: HHuujjuurraatt:: 4499:: 11)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 17
  18. 18. (Say:) ”Behold, my prayer, and [all] my acts of worship (sacrifices), my living and my dying are for Allah [alone, Who is], the Sustainer of all the worlds, in whose divinity none has a share: for thus have I been bidden – and I shall [always] be foremost among those who surrender themselves to Him (Muslimeen).” (Qur’an: Surah al-An’am:6:162) 18 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  19. 19. ““TThhee hheeaadd ooff tthhee mmaatttteerr iiss AAll--IIssllaamm;; iittss ppiillllaarr iiss tthhee ((oobblliiggaattoorryy)) pprraayyeerr ii..ee.. SSwwoollaahh;; aanndd iittss hhiigghheesstt ppiinnnnaaccllee iiss JJiihhaadd ((ssttrriivviinngg wwiitthh uuttmmoosstt)) iinn tthhee wwaayy ooff AAllllaahh..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy MMuusslliimm)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  20. 20. “AD-DEEN” - usually translated as “the religion” more accurately it should be “a total way of life or a comprehensive system of living”  a Muslim regard his/her entire life as a religious experience. Islam provides for guidance in, not only matters of worship, but as to how he/she is to conduct oneself in daily matters - be it social, economic etc. FROM THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE MODULE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  21. 21.  Usually translated as “religion” – (borrowed from the available Western equivalent, but it does not accurately convey the Arabic significance of this term).  In Arabic, a word is derived from its tri-lateral roots (when written has no vowels) which can be variously pronounced (with vowels and other emphasis) from a broad semantic field of meanings possible from this root: FROM THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE MODULE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  22. 22.  from root word “daa-na “which can also mean : “be indebted; to owe one’s thanks; to be subjected; bow; yield; owe allegiance.”  from “dain ” which means “debt; obligation; liability.”  from “dai-nuu-na ” which means “judgement; Last Judgement.”  related to the word “maad-dana ” which means “to build or found cities to civilise, to refine and to humanise” from which is derived the word “tamaddun ” meaning “civilization and refinement in social culture” FROM THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE MODULE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  23. 23.  The primary significations of the term “deen ” thus can be reduced to four: (1) Indebtedness (2) Submissiveness/submission/surrender (3) Judicious power (4) Natural inclination or tendency FROM THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE MODULE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  24. 24.  Thus, the implication of “religion ” in the ordinary usage which tends to be affected by secular thoughts is not in accord to Islam’s concept of religion which is life in totality, all-encompassing and where worldly and heavenly concern cannot be dichotomised.  A Muslim always is mindful that ultimately he is a servant of God whether in mosque or in the market place, in private or in public etc. Life of this world is intrinsically linked with the Hereafter (also referred to as ‘Yaum al-Deen’ -The day of Judgement). FROM THE BEGINNERS’ COURSE MODULE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  26. 26. “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic CCoonncceepptt ooff AAddaabb”” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  27. 27. ONLY FOR THOSE MMEEAANNTT TTOO BBEE SSUUBBDDUUEEDD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  28. 28. ““HHaavvee yyoouu sseeeenn hhee wwhhoo hhaass ttaakkeenn aass hhiiss ggoodd hhiiss [[oowwnn]] ddeessiirree,, aanndd AAllllaahh hhaass sseenntt hhiimm aassttrraayy dduuee ttoo kknnoowwlleeddggee aanndd hhaass sseett aa sseeaall uuppoonn hhiiss hheeaarriinngg aanndd hhiiss hheeaarrtt aanndd ppuutt oovveerr hhiiss vviissiioonn aa vveeiill?? SSoo wwhhoo wwiillll gguuiiddee hhiimm aafftteerr AAllllaahh?? TThheenn wwiillll yyoouu nnoott bbee rreemmiinnddeedd??”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: JJaatthhiiyyaa:: 4455:: 2244))
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  30. 30. • In the discourse regarding human motivation, eevveerr ssiinnccee MMaassllooww’’ss ““hhiieerraarrcchhyy ooff nneeeeddss”” tthheerree hhaass bbeeeenn mmaannyy ssuubbsseeqquueenntt tthheeoorriieess wwhhiicchh wweerree ccrriittiiccaall ooff iitt aanndd aalltteerrnnaattiivveess aarree bbeeiinngg ooffffeerreedd.. TThheessee iinncclluuddee:: • TThheeoorryy XX aanndd TThheeoorryy YY • HHeerrzzbbeerrgg 22--FFaaccttoorr TThheeoorryy • DDaavviidd MMccCClleellllaanndd''ss TThheeoorryy ooff NNeeeeddss • CCooggnniittiivvee EEvvaalluuaattiioonn TThheeoorryy All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  31. 31. • GGooaall--SSeettttiinngg TThheeoorryy • MMaannaaggeemmeenntt bbyy OObbjjeeccttiivveess ((MMOOBB)) • SSeellff--EEffffiiccaaccyy • RReeiinnffoorrcceemmeenntt TThheeoorryy • EEqquuiittyy aanndd JJuussttiiccee TThheeoorryy • EExxppeeccttaannccyy TThheeoorryy YYeett,, MMaassllooww’’ss oobbsseerrvvaattiioonn rreeggaarrddiinngg tthhee hhuummaann nnaattuurraall pprreeffeerreennccee oorr tteennddeenncciieess ttoowwaarrddss ffuullffiillmmeenntt ooff hhiiss bbaassiicc nneeeeddss bbeeffoorree aassppiirriinngg ttoowwaarrddss bbeeiinngg aallttrruuiissttiicc,, hhoolldd ttrruuee iinn mmoosstt iinnssttaanncceess ((aalltthhoouugghh tthheerree aarree eexxcceeppttiioonnss)).. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  32. 32. • Due to the popularity of Maslow’s Theory (despite the criticism), we begin our discussion on motivation using his pyramid as a base comparison. Hoping that it being familiar to all those engaged in discourse on motivation, it would aid easy appreciation when compared. • This presentation, Insha'Allah, intends to present a Muslim’s response of Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs Theory” including an explanation of what motivates a Muslim. I have long asserted that a Muslim’s worldview requires him to focus on different ‘drivers’ (considerations) as motivation. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  33. 33. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 *Diagram3 3from Wikipedia Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow (1908 –1970) proposed in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  34. 34. Maslow’s observation of peoples’ tendencies ttoowwaarrddss bbeeiinngg sseellff--cceennttrreedd;; wwhhoossee iinnssttiinncctt ffoorr ssuurrvviivvaall,, ffoorr sseellff--pprreesseerrvvaattiioonn,, nnoott uunnlliikkee tthhee aanniimmaall ssppeecciieess -- eecchhooeess tthhee ““DDaarrwwiinniiaann”” tthheeoorryy ooff tthhee ““OOrriiggiinn ooff SSppeecciieess bbyy mmeeaannss ooff NNaattuurraall SSeelleeccttiioonn”” aanndd tthhee ssuurrvviivvaall ooff tthhee ffiitttteesstt.. WWhheetthheerr oorr nnoott MMaassllooww ssuubbssccrriibbee ttoo DDaarrwwiinniissmm,, iiss iirrrreelleevvaanntt.. PPeerrhhaappss iitt iiss ccooiinncciiddeennttaall.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  35. 35. Maslow does acknowledge the role of rreelliiggiioonn wwhhiicchh ssoommeehhooww mmoottiivvaatteess mmaann ttoowwaarrddss sseellff--aaccttuuaalliizzaattiioonn wwhhiicchh hhee aaccttuuaallllyy aaddmmiirreess,, aallbbeeiitt aass tthhee eexxcceeppttiioonn.. YYeett,, ffoorr hhiimm aanndd mmaannyy sseeccuullaarr--hhuummaanniissttss,, bbeehhaavviioouurraall ppssyycchhoollooggiissttss eettcc.. ggeenneerraallllyy,, tthheeyy vviieeww mmaann’’ss ppootteennttiiaall ttoowwaarrddss ppuurreellyy aallttrruuiissttiicc mmoottiivvaattiioonn ccaann bbee ppoossssiibbllee oonnllyy aafftteerr mmoosstt ooff hhiiss bbaassiicc nneeeeddss && wwaannttss aarree aaddddrreesssseedd aaddeeqquuaatteellyy.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  36. 36. This equates human still to be on the same lleevveell aass tthhaatt ooff aanniimmaallss,, aass tthhoouugghh nnaattuurraallllyy,, mmaann iiss uunnaabbllee ttoo rreessiisstt hhiiss pprriimmaall iinnssttiinnccttss aanndd uurrggeess ffoorr ssuurrvviivvaall.. BBuutt aarree hhuummaann nnoott ddiissttiinngguuiisshheedd ffoorr hhaavviinngg ffrreeee--wwiillll aanndd ccaappaabbllee ooff bbeeiinngg mmoorraall?? SSuurreellyy bbeeiinngg hhuummaann mmuusstt eennttaaiill tthhiiss ddiiffffeerreennccee.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  37. 37. • We, Muslims differ from this view that hhuummaann iiss aann ssppeecciiee eevvoollvveedd ffrroomm tthhee aanniimmaall ((aass iinn ““DDaarrwwiinniiaann””)),, bbeeccaauussee wwee bbeelliieevvee tthhaatt hhuummaann iiss aa uunniiqquuee aanndd sseeppaarraattee ssppeecciiee aallttooggeetthheerr,, wwhhoo aallrreeaaddyy ppoosssseessss iinntteelllleecctt,, ffrreeee--wwiillll aanndd iinnnnaattee mmoorraall ccoonnsscciieennccee wwhhiicchh ddiiffffeerreennttiiaattee uuss ffrroomm bbeeaassttss.. AA mmaann wwhhoo ddeenniieess oorr bbyy iiggnnoorriinngg tthhiiss iinn hhiimmsseellff,, aanndd ttoo mmeerreellyy ffoollllooww hhiiss ddeessiirreess iiss ttoo ssttoooopp iinnttoo bbeeccoommiinngg iinnhhuummaann ((ttoo ddee--hhuummaanniissee)).. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  38. 38. • Yet Maslow and other secular psychologists, may be partly correct in their observation of human behaviour, perhaps because those whom they have observed were generally the immoral, the irreligious and selfish people of his time, even those who claim to follow religion – because admittedly there are such human-beings. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  39. 39. ““HHaavvee yyoouu sseeeenn tthhee oonnee wwhhoo ttaakkeess aass hhiiss ggoodd hhiiss oowwnn ddeessiirree?? TThheenn wwoouulldd yyoouu bbee rreessppoonnssiibbllee ffoorr hhiimm?? OOrr ddoo yyoouu tthhiinnkk tthhaatt mmoosstt ooff tthheemm hheeaarr oorr rreeaassoonn?? TThheeyy aarree nnoott eexxcceepptt lliikkee lliivveessttoocckk.. RRaatthheerr,, tthheeyy aarree [[eevveenn]] mmoorree aassttrraayy iinn [[tthheeiirr]] wwaayy..”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: FFuurrqqaann:: 2255:: 4433--4444)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  40. 40. • In applying his theory on motivation -- ffoolllloowwiinngg ssttrriiccttllyy hhiiss hierarchy of needs pyramid – thus it may only be effective regarding those who are still driven by their desires, ego, selfish considerations. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  41. 41. • But, this hierarchy of needs theory is irrelevant regarding the religiously inclined, or those who already subscribe to an altruistic philosophy in life, the self-actualised – especially the Muslims, because Islam’s approach to a human (Muslim) development begins firstly with conscious affirmation or declaration towards self-actualization (as a Witness - ). • Islam’s teaching for human development in fact begins by “Self-actualising” each and every Muslim. So, Maslow’s observations of an ‘self-actualised’ person is indeed interesting for Muslims to relate to. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  42. 42. IN ENUMERATING TRAITS OF SELF-ACTUALIZED PEOPLE, WE TEND TO AGREE WITH MASLOW, FOR TO US, HE IS AS THOUGH IN FACT ALSO DESCRIBING A MUSLIM ADHERING TO THE TRUE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ‘Self-actualization’ — a concept Maslow attributed to Kurt Goldstein. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  43. 43. 11.. AAwwaarreenneessss:: efficient perception of reality freshness of appreciation peak experiences ethical awareness 22.. HHoonneessttyy:: philosophical sense of humour social interest deep interpersonal relationships democratic character structure All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  44. 44. 33.. FFrreeeeddoomm need for solitude autonomous, independent creativity, originality spontaneous 44.. TTrruusstt problem centred acceptance of self, others, nature resistance to enculturation - identity with humanity All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  45. 45. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““aann eeppiissooddee oorr ssppuurrtt iinn wwhhiicchh tthhee ppoowweerrss ooff tthhee ppeerrssoonn ccoommee ttooggeetthheerr iinn aa ppaarrttiiccuullaarrllyy aanndd iinntteennsseellyy eennjjooyyaabbllee wwaayy,, aanndd iinn wwhhiicchh hhee iiss mmoorree iinntteeggrraatteedd aanndd lleessss sspplliitt,, mmoorree ooppeenn ffoorr eexxppeerriieennccee,, mmoorree iiddiioossyynnccrraattiicc,, mmoorree ppeerrffeeccttllyy eexxpprreessssiivvee oorr ssppoonnttaanneeoouuss,, oorr ffuullllyy ffuunnccttiioonniinngg,, mmoorree ccrreeaattiivvee,, mmoorree hhuummoorroouuss,, mmoorree eeggoo--ttrraannsscceennddiinngg,, mmoorree iinnddeeppeennddeenntt ooff hhiiss lloowweerr nneeeeddss,, eettcc.. HHee bbeeccoommeess iinn tthheessee eeppiissooddeess mmoorree ttrruullyy hhiimmsseellff,, mmoorree ppeerrffeeccttllyy aaccttuuaalliissiinngg hhiiss ppootteennttiiaalliittiieess,, cclloosseerr ttoo tthhee ccoorree ooff hhiiss bbeeiinngg,, mmoorree ffuullllyy hhuummaann.. NNoott oonnllyy aarree tthheessee hhiiss hhaappppiieesstt aanndd mmoosstt tthhrriilllliinngg mmoommeennttss,, bbuutt tthheeyy aarree aallssoo mmoommeennttss ooff ggrreeaatteesstt mmaattuurriittyy,, iinnddiivviidduuaattiioonn,, ffuullffiillmmeenntt -- iinn aa wwoorrdd,, hhiiss hheeaalltthhiieesstt mmoommeennttss..”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 45
  46. 46. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““aann eeppiissooddee oorr ssppuurrtt iinn wwhhiicchh tthhee ppoowweerrss ooff tthhee ppeerrssoonn ccoommee ttooggeetthheerr iinn aa ppaarrttiiccuullaarrllyy aanndd iinntteennsseellyy eennjjooyyaabbllee wwaayy,, aanndd iinn wwhhiicchh hhee iiss mmoorree iinntteeggrraatteedd aanndd lleessss sspplliitt,, mmoorree ooppeenn ffoorr eexxppeerriieennccee,, mmoorree iiddiioossyynnccrraattiicc,, mmoorree ppeerrffeeccttllyy eexxpprreessssiivvee oorr ssppoonnttaanneeoouuss,, oorr ffuullllyy ffuunnccttiioonniinngg,, mmoorree ccrreeaattiivvee,, mmoorree hhuummoorroouuss,, mmoorree eeggoo--ttrraannsscceennddiinngg,, mmoorree iinnddeeppeennddeenntt ooff hhiiss lloowweerr nneeeeddss,, eettcc.. HHee bbeeccoommeess iinn tthheessee eeppiissooddeess mmoorree ttrruullyy hhiimmsseellff,, mmoorree ppeerrffeeccttllyy aaccttuuaalliissiinngg hhiiss ppootteennttiiaalliittiieess,, cclloosseerr ttoo tthhee ccoorree ooff hhiiss bbeeiinngg,, mmoorree ffuullllyy hhuummaann.. NNoott oonnllyy aarree tthheessee hhiiss hhaappppiieesstt aanndd mmoosstt tthhrriilllliinngg mmoommeennttss,, bbuutt tthheeyy aarree aallssoo mmoommeennttss ooff ggrreeaatteesstt mmaattuurriittyy,, iinnddiivviidduuaattiioonn,, ffuullffiillmmeenntt -- iinn aa wwoorrdd,, hhiiss hheeaalltthhiieesstt mmoommeennttss..”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 46
  47. 47. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 47
  48. 48. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM AANNDD WWHHEENN RREELLIIGGIIOONN OORR MMEETTAAPPHHYYSSIICCSS CCAANN BBEE TTHHEE MMEEAANNSS TTOO AACCHHIIEEVVEE TTHHIISS,, TTHHEERREEFFOORREE :: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2005 48
  49. 49. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  50. 50. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““OO yyoouu wwhhoo hhaavvee aattttaaiinneedd ttoo ffaaiitthh!! SSuurrrreennddeerr yyoouurrsseellvveess wwhhoollllyy uunnttoo AAllllaahh,, aanndd ffoollllooww nnoott SSaattaann''ss ffoooottsstteeppss,, ffoorr,, vveerriillyy,, hhee iiss yyoouurr ooppeenn ffooee..““ ((QQuurr’’aann:: BBaaqqaarraahh:: 22--220088)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” Human perfection ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 50 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  51. 51. ""BBee yyee ((RRoobbbbaanniiyyiinn)) wwoorrsshhiippppeerrss ooff HHiimm ((WWhhoo iiss ttrruullyy tthhee CChheerriisshheerr ooff aallll)) ffoorr yyee hhaavvee ttaauugghhtt tthhee BBooookk aanndd yyee hhaavvee ssttuuddiieedd iitt eeaarrnneessttllyy.."" ((QQ::33::7799)) Human perfection Esteem, Love / sense of belonging Safety, Physiological, TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) HHOONNOOUURR && SSEELLFF--EESSTTEEEEMM,, ((‘‘IIzzzzaatt//IIkkrraamm)) SSEENNSSEE OOFF BBEELLOONNGGIINNGG ((UUssrraahh//UUmmmmaahh)) SSEECCUURRIITTYY,, ((AAhhkkaamm//JJiihhaadd//SSaallaaaamm)) BBAASSIICC NNEEEEDDSS ((HHaallaall//HHaarraamm)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 51 ISLAM EMPHASISE FURTHER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  52. 52. Human perfection Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) HHOONNOOUURR && SSEELLFF--EESSTTEEEEMM,, ((‘‘IIzzzzaatt//IIkkrraamm)) SSEENNSSEE OOFF BBEELLOONNGGIINNGG ((UUssrraahh//UUmmmmaahh)) SSEECCUURRIITTYY,, ((AAhhkkaamm//JJiihhaadd//SSaallaaaamm)) BBAASSIICC NNEEEEDDSS ((HHaallaall//HHaarraamm)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 52 ISLAM EMPHASISE FURTHER ““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  53. 53. TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” Human perfection ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 53 Thoroughly shedding every base, egoistic, animalistic, devilish, materialistic tendencies & desires, for higher angelic spiritual traits – termed ‘selfless Godliness’ - “RobbaaniyIn” modelled after Prophet Muhammad’s noble traits or disposition (Akhlaq). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  54. 54. Human perfection Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) HHOONNOOUURR && SSEELLFF--EESSTTEEEEMM,, ((‘‘IIzzzzaatt//IIkkrraamm)) SSEENNSSEE OOFF BBEELLOONNGGIINNGG ((UUssrraahh//UUmmmmaahh)) SSEECCUURRIITTYY,, ((AAhhkkaamm//JJiihhaadd//SSaallaaaamm)) BBAASSIICC NNEEEEDDSS ((HHaallaall//HHaarraamm)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 54 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  55. 55. FurthHeur ‘mMaUnJA pAeHrAfDeAcHti’o , nemulating Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM ““IINNSSAANN KKAAAAMMIILL”” ““IINNSSAANN RROOBB--BBAANNII”” ““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) HHOONNOOUURR && SSEELLFF--EESSTTEEEEMM,, ((‘‘IIzzzzaatt//IIkkrraamm)) SSEENNSSEE OOFF BBEELLOONNGGIINNGG ((UUssrraahh//UUmmmmaahh)) SSEECCUURRIITTYY,, ((AAhhkkaamm//JJiihhaadd//SSaallaaaamm)) BBAASSIICC NNEEEEDDSS ((HHaallaall//HHaarraamm)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 55 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  56. 56. FurthHeur ‘mMaUnJA pAeHrAfDeAcHti’o , nemulating Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, ““IINNSSAANN KKAAAAMMIILL”” ““IINNSSAANN RROOBB--BBAANNII”” RRIIGGHHTTEEOOUUSSNNEESSSS && PPIIEETTYY ((BBiirr// TTaaqqwwaa)) HHOONNOOUURR && SSEELLFF--EESSTTEEEEMM,, ((‘‘IIzzzzaatt//IIkkrraamm)) SSEENNSSEE OOFF BBEELLOONNGGIINNGG ((UUssrraahh//UUmmmmaahh)) SSEECCUURRIITTYY,, ((AAhhkkaamm//JJiihhaadd//SSaallaaaamm)) BBAASSIICC NNEEEEDDSS ((HHaallaall//HHaarraamm)) GGUUIIDDEEDD BBYY TTHHEE ““SSHHAARRII’’AAHH”” ISLAM BEGINS WITH SELF-ACTUALIZATION WWIITTHH ‘‘SSHHAAHHAADDAATTAAIINN’’ 56 ""BBee yyee ((RRoobbbbaanniiyyiinn)) wwoorrsshhiippppeerrss ooff HHiimm ((WWhhoo iiss ttrruullyy tthhee CChheerriisshheerr ooff aallll)) ffoorr yyee hhaavvee ttaauugghhtt tthhee BBooookk aanndd yyee hhaavvee ssttuuddiieedd iitt eeaarrnneessttllyy.."" ((QQ::33::7799)) ““SSEELLFF--PPUURRIIFFIICCAATTIIOONN”” TTaazzkkiiyyyyaattuunn--NNaaffss TTAASSAAWWWWUURR IISSLLAAMM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  57. 57. “LET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on denying the truth seem to be able to do as they please on earth: it is [but] a brief enjoyment, with hell thereafter as their goal - and how vile a resting place! -” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  59. 59. ““SSeeeekk iinnsstteeaadd,, bbyy mmeeaannss ooff wwhhaatt AAllllaahh hhaass ggrraanntteedd tthheeee,, [[tthhee ggoooodd ooff]] tthhee lliiffee ttoo ccoommee,, wwiitthhoouutt ffoorrggeettttiinngg,, wwiitthhaall,, tthhiinnee oowwnn [[rriigghhttffuull]] sshhaarree iinn tthhiiss wwoorrlldd;; aanndd ddoo ggoooodd [[uunnttoo ootthheerrss]] aass AAllllaahh hhaass ddoonnee ggoooodd uunnttoo tthheeee;; aanndd sseeeekk nnoott ttoo sspprreeaadd ccoorrrruuppttiioonn oonn eeaarrtthh:: ffoorr,, vveerriillyy,, AAllllaahh ddooeess nnoott lloovvee tthhee sspprreeaaddeerrss ooff ccoorrrruuppttiioonn!!”””” ((QQuurr’’aann:: QQaassaass:: 2288:: 7777)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  60. 60. ““Work for your worldly needs, aass tthhoouugghh yyoouu aarree ggooiinngg ttoo lliivvee ffoorreevveerr,, aanndd ssttrriivvee ((aallssoo ttoo pprreeppaarree)) ffoorr yyoouurr HHeerreeaafftteerr,, aass tthhoouugghh yyoouu aarree ggooiinngg ttoo ddiiee ttoommoorrrrooww..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy BBaaiihhaaqqyy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  61. 61. ““What I have forbidden to you, avoid; wwhhaatt II hhaavvee oorrddeerreedd yyoouu [[ttoo ddoo]],, ddoo aass mmuucchh ooff iitt aass yyoouu ccaann.. IItt wwaass oonnllyy tthheeiirr eexxcceessssiivvee qquueessttiioonniinngg aanndd tthheeiirr ddiissaaggrreeeeiinngg wwiitthh tthheeiirr PPrroopphheettss tthhaatt ddeessttrrooyyeedd tthhoossee wwhhoo ccaammee bbeeffoorree yyoouu..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy BBuukkhhaarryy && MMuusslliimm)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  62. 62. ““There will come a time for mmaannkkiinndd ((iinn ffuuttuurree)),, wwhheenn tthheeyy ((ppeeooppllee)) wwiillll nnoott ccaarree hhooww tthheeyy wwoorrkk ((ttoo ggeett tthheeiirr wweeaalltthh)),, wwhheetthheerr iitt iiss HHaallaall ((tthhrroouugghh lleeggaall mmeeaannss)) oorr HHaarraamm ((tthhrroouugghh iilllliicciitt wwaayyss))”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy BBuukkhhaarryy aanndd aann--NNaassaa--ii)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  63. 63. ““VVeerriillyy,, tthhee fflleesshh aanndd bblloooodd wwhhiicchh ggrreeww ffrroomm ppaarrttaakkiinngg ffoooodd wwhhiicchh aarree HHaarraamm ((ffoorrbbiiddddeenn)) wwiillll nneevveerr eenntteerr tthhee PPaarraaddiissee.. TThhee ffiirree ((ooff HHeellll)) iiss mmoosstt aapppprroopprriiaattee ffoorr ssuucchh..”” ((HHaaddiitthh rreeppoorrtteedd bbyy TTiirrmmiiddzzii aanndd IIbbnnuu HHiibbbbaann)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  64. 64. ““Blessed is He (Allah) in whose hand iiss ddoommiinniioonn,, aanndd HHee iiss oovveerr aallll tthhiinnggss ccoommppeetteenntt --[[HHee]] wwhhoo ccrreeaatteedd ddeeaatthh aanndd lliiffee ttoo tteesstt yyoouu [[aass ttoo]] wwhhiicchh ooff yyoouu iiss bbeesstt iinn ddeeeedd -- aanndd HHee iiss tthhee EExxaalltteedd iinn MMiigghhtt,, tthhee FFoorrggiivviinngg --..”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: MMuullkk:: 6677:: 11--22)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  65. 65. ““Allah keeps firm those who believe, wwiitthh tthhee ffiirrmm wwoorrdd,, iinn wwoorrllddllyy lliiffee aanndd iinn tthhee HHeerreeaafftteerr.. AAnndd AAllllaahh sseennddss aassttrraayy tthhee wwrroonnggddooeerrss.. AAnndd AAllllaahh ddooeess wwhhaatt HHee wwiillllss..”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: IIbbrraahhiimm:: 1144:: 2277)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  66. 66. ““Have yyoouu nnoott ccoonnssiiddeerreedd tthhoossee wwhhoo eexxcchhaannggeedd tthhee ffaavvoouurr ooff AAllllaahh ffoorr ddiissbbeelliieeff aanndd sseettttlleedd tthheeiirr ppeeooppllee [[iinn]] tthhee hhoommee ooff rruuiinn??”” ((QQuurr’’aann:: IIbbrraahhiimm:: 1144:: 2288)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  67. 67. AND WITH ALLAH IS THE GUIDANCE AND TRUE SUCCESS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  68. 68. ””All praise is due to Allah, who hhaass gguuiiddeedd uuss uunnttoo tthhiiss;; ffoorr wwee wwoouulldd cceerrttaaiinnllyy nnoott hhaavvee ffoouunndd tthhee rriigghhtt ppaatthh uunnlleessss AAllllaahh hhaadd gguuiiddeedd uuss!!”” 68 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  69. 69. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon His household 69 and Companions . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  70. 70. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy ((WWiillll)) aanndd ooff oouurr pprrooggeennyy aa ppeeooppllee MMuusslliimm bboowwiinngg ttoo TThhyy ((WWiillll)) aanndd sshhooww uuss oouurr ppllaacceess ffoorr tthhee cceelleebbrraattiioonn ooff ((dduuee)) rriitteess;; aanndd ttuurrnn uunnttoo uuss ((iinn MMeerrccyy));; ffoorr TThhoouu aarrtt tthhee OOfftt--RReettuurrnniinngg MMoosstt--MMeerrcciiffuull.. ((QQuurr’’aann:: BBaaqqaarraahh:: 22:: 112288)) 70 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  71. 71. ““Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our ooffffsspprriinngg bbee aa jjooyy ttoo oouurr eeyyeess,, aanndd ccaauussee uuss ttoo bbee ffoorreemmoosstt aammoonnggsstt tthhoossee wwhhoo aarree ccoonnsscciioouuss ooff TThheeee!! ((aass ‘‘mmuutt--ttaaqqqqiinn’’))..”” ((QQuurr’’aann :: aall--FFuurrqqaann:: 2255:: 7744)) 71 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  72. 72. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and mmaakkee oouurr sstteeppss ffiirrmm;; HHeellpp uuss aaggaaiinnsstt tthhoossee tthhaatt rreejjeecctt ffaaiitthh.."" ((QQuurr’’aann:: BBaaqqaarraahh:: 22::225500)) 72 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  73. 73. ““OOuurr LLoorrdd !! LLeett nnoott oouurr hheeaarrttss sswweerrvvee ffrroomm tthhee ttrruutthh aafftteerr YYoouu hhaavvee gguuiiddeedd uuss;; aanndd bbeessttooww uuppoonn uuss tthhee ggiifftt ooff TThhyy GGrraaccee ((MMeerrccyy)):: vveerriillyy,, YYoouu aarree tthhee ((ttrruuee)) ggiivveerr ooff GGiiffttss ((bbeessttoowwaallss))..”” ((QQuurr’’aann :: AAaallii ‘‘IImmrraann :: 33 :: 88)) 73 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 74
  75. 75. ““Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or ffaallll iinnttoo eerrrroorr;; OOuurr LLoorrdd!! LLaayy nnoott oonn uuss aa bbuurrddeenn lliikkee tthhaatt wwhhiicchh YYoouu ddiidd llaayy oonn tthhoossee bbeeffoorree uuss :: OOuurr LLoorrdd !! LLaayy nnoott oonn uuss aa bbuurrddeenn ggrreeaatteerr tthhaann wwee hhaavvee ssttrreennggtthh ttoo bbeeaarr.. BBlloott oouutt oouurr ssiinnss,, AAnndd ggrraanntt uuss ffoorrggiivveenneessss,, HHaavvee MMeerrccyy oonn uuss.. YYoouu aarree oouurr pprrootteeccttoorr :: HHeellpp uuss aaggaaiinnsstt tthhee uunnbbeelliieevveerrss..”” ((QQuurr’’aann :: aall--BBaaqqaarraahh :: 228866)) 75 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  76. 76. ""OOuurr LLoorrdd!! GGiivvee uuss ggoooodd iinn tthhiiss wwoorrlldd aanndd ggoooodd iinn tthhee HHeerreeaafftteerr aanndd ssaavvee uuss ffrroomm tthhee ttoorrmmeenntt ooff tthhee ffiirree!!"" ((QQuurr’’aann :: aall--BBaaqqaarraahh:: 22 :: 220011)) 76 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  77. 77. ““((May) Allah grant His Reward upon MMuuhhaammmmaadd,, ssaalluuttaattiioonnss ooff AAllllaahh aanndd PPeeaaccee bbee uuppoonn hhiimm aanndd hhiiss ffaammiillyy,, iinn aaccccoorrddaannccee wwiitthh wwhhaatt hhee ddeesseerrvveess ((iinn AAllllaahh’’ss kknnoowwlleeddggee && eessttiimmaattiioonn))..”” 77 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  78. 78. And salutations ooff AAllllaahh aanndd PPeeaaccee bbee uuppoonn oouurr LLeeaaddeerr MMuuhhaammmmaadd,, aanndd uuppoonn 78 HHiiss hhoouusseehhoolldd aanndd CCoommppaanniioonnss .. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  79. 79. ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) 79 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  80. 80. ““Grant us (tthheessee oouurr ssuupppplliiccaattiioonn)),, bbyy YYoouurr MMeerrccyy,, ((OO AAllllaahh,, YYoouu aarree)) tthhee MMoosstt MMeerrcciiffuull ooff tthhoossee wwhhoo sshhooww MMeerrccyy!!”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 80
  81. 81. AAllll wweellccoommee ttoo vviissiitt mmyy wweebb--bblloogg:: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) 81

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