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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain-lesson#15-arkaanul-islam -ihsan - excellence, best conduct -(25 january 2013)

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain-lesson#15-arkaanul-islam -ihsan - excellence, best conduct -(25 january 2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY MOST COMPASSIONATE, USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL MOST MERCIFUL. LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail SINGAPURA UPDATED 25 JANUARY 2013All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  2. 2.  The message of Islam is established upon TAUHEED – a profound concept of attesting to the Absolute Oneness of Allah through active submission and obedience to Allah by adhering to the teaching of Allah’s final Messenger Muhammad s.a.w.  Thus the two statements contain this message:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  3. 3.  The message of Islam is established upon TAUHEED – a profound concept of attesting to the Absolute Oneness of Allah through active submission and obedience to Allah by adhering to the teaching of Allah’s final Messenger Muhammad s.a.w.  Thus the two statements contain this message: “There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  4. 4.  How does one “Attest” to this? How to manifest this message in one’s life?  From Hadith Jibra-il a.s. , our Prophet enumerated the important aspects of :All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  5. 5. [1] ISLAM – inculcating act of submission to the Will of Allah, essentially through establishing its pillars (Arkaan) involving aspects of deeds , such that it will build this identity in us; [2] IIMAN – instilling faith or conviction upon aspects of Reality (Truth) that give meaning and purpose to our Life; it involves affirming truth with knowledge and conviction; replacing doubts with certainty and making it as our ‘driver & motivation’ in life – in this world leading to the Hereafter.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  6. 6.  Yet, being convinced of the truth (Reality) and able to manifest this conviction correctly through acts of submission – it is still not sufficient, unless the consciousness of the presence of Allah s.w.t. as the only Divine Being unto Whom we direct our servitude to, becomes the primary reason or raison dêtre.  It is not merely by Faith (Belief) that man is saved, nor by his good works (Deeds). Even with both IIMAN and ‘AMAL, it is insufficient without a third aspect.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  7. 7.  We are only saved by Allah’s Grace and His Merciful Acceptance of our faith, servitude and worship. This must be the core attitude of every Muslim’s life striving – which reside in the secret of our inner being; in our motive and intention accompanying our every worship and striving in life.  And a Muslim regard his whole life as “worship” or what is in Arabic “IBAADAT” - which would be assessed by Allah, Who knows:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  8. 8. “I have only created jinns and men, that they may serve (worship) Me.” (Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 56)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  9. 9.  And validity of ‘IBAADAT in the Islamic perspective, requires that doer adhere to: Correct belief (with IIMAN) Correct action (with ‘AMAL) And the most crucial which must accompany the 2 previous aspects, is: Correct intention (with IHSAN)  And this (intention) is unseen to every one except Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  10. 10. “And whether ye hide your word or manifest it, He (Allah) certainly has (full) knowledge, of the secrets of (all) hearts.” (Qur’an: Mulk: 67: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  11. 11. “Should He (Allah) not know― He that created? And He (Allah) is the One that understands the finest mysteries (and He) is well-acquainted (with them).” Qur’an: Mulk: 67: 14)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  12. 12.  This concern must eventually lead us to a “spiritual state of righteousness” i.e. being conscious of Allah at all times, such that we become mindful in striving not to transgress Allah’s law and fulfilling His every command.  This state of consciousness of Allah’s ever-Presence, Who is all-Aware of our inner motive for doing what we do – making us to direct our ‘amal (deeds) primarily to be made accountable to Him, rather than seeking recognition from others or for personal vanity (conceit).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  13. 13.  This state is termed TAQWA – (consciousness with reverential fear of Allah) the ultimate criteria of Nobility: “Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most TAQWA (a righteous state) of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  14. 14.  Thus, to attain to TAQWA it must be with this IHSAN, inculcating mindfulness of Allah’s presence and of His Awareness over us.  Without which, we may become “ego-centric” because we are already strongly aware of our own existence, not so of Allah’s Presence – Whom: “no vision can comprehend, whereas He alone comprehends all vision .”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  15. 15.  In Islam, we must not attribute to Allah s.w.t. attributes (SIFAAT) which are inconsistent with His Transcendence and Exaltedness e.g. limiting Him to time and place as others in creation.  Thus we have to follow Divine guidance by contemplating His Signs in creation, His Attributes and Names such that we become fully conscious His Divine Presence, His Omniscience (ever-aware and knowing) of us even in secrecy of our hearts.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  16. 16. ”To Allah belongs the East and the West; wherever ye turn, there is Allahs countenance (face). Behold! Allah is All-Embracing (Infinite), All-Knowing. “ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 115) 16All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  17. 17. “O my dear son,” [continued Luqman,] “verily, if there be but the weight of a mustard-seed, and though it be [hidden] in a rock, or in the skies, or in the earth, Allah will bring it to light: for, behold, Allah is unfathomable [in His wisdom], all-aware.” (Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 16) 17All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  18. 18.  Therefore after we have learnt aspects of: ARKAA-NUL-IIMAN ARKAA-NUL-ISLAM We now come to the aspect which perfects it, which is: AL-IHSANAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  19. 19.  In fact, this aspect is that which qualitatively determines our acts of devotion, the worth of our worship or servitude to Allah. It lies within our inner- most core of our consciousness, unknown to other people save Allah s.w.t. and our own self.  Thus outwardly people may be seen to be doing a righteous deed, and yet their inward motives differ.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  20. 20. 20All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  21. 21. “(Say our life takes its) colour from Allah; and who could give a better colour (to life) than Allah? and it is He (Alone) Whom we worship (and serve).” (Qur’an: Surah Baqarah: 2: 138) 21All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  23. 23.  – ( IHSAN ) in Arabic means “best conduct; performance of good deeds; righteousness; excellence etc.”  Basically it pertains to the quality of our attesting to the Oneness of Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  24. 24.  If ‘IIMAN’ serves to strengthen our conviction;  ‘ISLAM’ guides our practices in life;  Then ‘IHSAN’ completes or perfects our “attestation to the Oneness of Allah.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  25. 25. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. :  His reply to the question “what is AL-IHSAN ?”, he said :All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  26. 26. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. :  His reply to the question “what is AL-IHSAN ?”, he said : “Al- Ihsan (righteousness or best conduct) is that you worship (serve) Allah as though you are seeing Him; while you see Him not, yet truly He sees you” (Hadith reported by Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  27. 27.  It is indeed amazing that IHSAN- “righteousness of best conduct” has been linked by the Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. to our consciousness or awareness of Allah SWT. in our doing a good deed.  This therefore distinguishes a good deed performed by a believer whose motivation is in ‘obedience to Allah’ from deeds performed for other reasons (even if they are similar and generally judged as a good deeds).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  28. 28.  And regarding deeds or any act of devotion, he said: “Verily, action is by intention; and verily the worth (merit) of that action is (to be measured) in accordance with what is intended ... ” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  29. 29.  And regarding deeds or any act of devotion, he said:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  30. 30.  And regarding deeds or any act of devotion, he said: “ ... Thus he who migrates for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, then his migration is for Allah and His Messenger. And he who migrates seeking to gain worldly benefits or for the sake of marrying a woman, then his migration is for that which he has intended.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  31. 31.  Standard of righteousness or of one doing good deeds in Islam is absolute in that, it “must be done as an act of worship, i.e. of serving Allah s.w.t.”  Thus, apart from ensuring the act to be correct according to the teaching of His prophet, Allah requires that it must be done with sincerity: 31All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  32. 32.  Standard of righteousness or of one doing good deeds in Islam is absolute in that, it “must be done as an act of worship, i.e. of serving Allah s.w.t.”  Thus, apart from ensuring the act to be correct according to the teaching of His prophet, Allah requires that it must be done with sincerity: “And they have been commanded no more than this: to worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being True (in faith);” (Qur’an: Bayyinah: 98: 5) 32All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  33. 33. “Say: "Verily, I am commanded to serve (worship) Allah with sincere devotion; And I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah in Islam." (Qur’an: Zumar: 67: 11-12) 33All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  34. 34. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. SAID: “Verily, Allah does not look at your outward form (appearance) nor at your wealth, but He, verily will look into (what is in) our hearts and deeds.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim) 34All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  35. 35.  From this, we must understand that we Muslims should never fall prey to conceit nor forget the actual reason for our striving to do good is, as an act of attesting to the Oneness of Allah; serving and worshipping only Him.  To be sincere means: “to negate all other considerations as the essential or primary motive, except for the sake of Allah – seeking His nearness (QURB) to please Him (REDHA) ” 35All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  36. 36.  It is interesting that without truly striving to attest with TAUHEED – to attest that only Allah is god, the One we were created to serve and worship exclusively , then a person may take his / her Nafs (self) or Hawa’ (desires) as ‘god’ – which may lead to the spiritual disease of ‘ujub (self-conceit) and riya’ (ostentations). 36All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  37. 37.  It is interesting that without truly striving to attest with TAUHEED – to attest that only Allah is god, the One we were created to serve and worship exclusively , then a person may take his / her Nafs (self) or Hawa’ (desires) as ‘god’ – which may lead to the spiritual disease of ‘ujub (self-conceit) and riya’ (ostentations). “Have you ever considered (the kind of man) who makes his own desires as his deities? “ (Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 43) 37All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  38. 38. REFLECT DEEPLY WHAT THE PROPHET S.A.W. SAID IN HIS FAREWELL SERMON:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  39. 39. REFLECT DEEPLY WHAT THE PROPHET S.A.W. SAID IN HIS FAREWELL SERMON: “O Mankind! Verily Satan has lost all hope that he will ever be worshipped on this earth forever, but if you obey him in other deeds (acts which may seem to you to be) petty (or small), it will please him. So be very careful of (following) him (regarding these) in your religion.” (Excerpt from the “Seerah” by Ibnu Hisham, “al-Iqd-ul Farid” by Ibnu Abdi Rabbih and Bukhary’ s “Saheeh”)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  40. 40. REFLECT DEEPLY WHAT THE PROPHET S.A.W. SAID:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  41. 41. REFLECT DEEPLY WHAT THE PROPHET S.A.W. SAID: “Verily, what I fear the most for my community (ummah) is SHIRK (ascribing partners) to Allah. I am not saying that they will worship the sun or the moon or idols, but it is in their being insincere in doing good deeds, not intending it for Allah’s sake but only to please their hidden desires.” (Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah in “Kitab Az-Zuhdu”)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  42. 42. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. SAID: “The SHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) 42All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  43. 43. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  44. 44. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: “By the NAFS (Soul, or self) , and the proportion and order given to it; And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;― Truly he succeeds that purifies it, And he fails that corrupts it!” (Qur’an: as-Shams: 91: 7-10)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  45. 45. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  46. 46. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF THE SIN OF SELF-CONCEIT SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  47. 47. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH ALLAH SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  48. 48. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH ALLAH THE SIN OF INGRATITUDE SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  49. 49. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS SELF OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  50. 50. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS SELF THE SIN OF ARROGANCE OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  51. 51. FOR THERE IS NONE DESERVING OF OUR WORSHIP AND SERVITUDE EXCEPT ALLAH.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  52. 52. 52All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  53. 53. (Say:) ”Behold, my prayer, and [all] my acts of worship, my living and my dying are for God [Allah alone, Who is], the Sustainer of all the worlds, in whose divinity none has a share: for thus have I been bidden – and I shall [always] be foremost among those who surrender themselves to Him (Muslimeen).” (Qur’an: Surah al-An’am:6:162) 53All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  54. 54. 54All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  55. 55. ”So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the faith: (establish) Allahs handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.” (Surah Rum: 30: 30) 55All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  56. 56. 56All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  57. 57. “Say: ‘Work righteousness! And Allah will behold your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger, and the believers, and in the end you will be brought before Him Who knows all (the unseen as well as the apparent) then will He show you the truth of all that ye did.” (Qur’an: Taubah : 9: 105) 57All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  58. 58. “Whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner to Him (i.e. do not commit SHIRK)." (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 110) 58All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  59. 59. IKHLASW  Thus it is that this Arabic word “ikhlasw” meaning “sincerity”, can also mean “purity” and be related to the Message of TAUHEED - as when the Surah (Chapter) which profoundly explains the Oneness of Allah is also called “Surah Al-Ikhlasw” (Q:112). 59All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  60. 60.  Similarly the kalimah (statement) of TAUHEED : (There is no god except Allah) is also called “KALIMAH-AL-IKHLASW” (pure or sincere Word); and “KALIMAH-AL-TOY-YIBAH” (the good Word). 60All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  61. 61. 61All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  62. 62. 62All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  63. 63. ”Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens― It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition; (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 24-25) 63All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  64. 64. REFLECT : COMPONENTS OF A TREE seed Roots Trunk Leaves Sprout Layers of Bark Grow towards sunlight & Power to break rocks Fruits 64All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  65. 65. Shar’iah Wajib Fardhu ‘Ain Sunnat (mandub) Fardhu Kifaa-yah Harus (mustahab) Makruh HaramAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  66. 66. Shirk Taqwa Ridda (irtidad) Ikhlasw Kufr Tawakkal Nifaaq ‘ilm Tauhid (Aqaa-id) Mu’min ‘ilm Fiqh MuHsin ‘ilm Tasawwuf 66All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  67. 67. Where to … after this ?
  68. 68. 68All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  69. 69. Tauheedic paradigm‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)  
  70. 70. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved? ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. 70All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  71. 71. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY (Creed or Theology) KNOWLEDGE:   Purpose / Objective Languages, Logic & philosophy, Development of Certainty (Belief) Epistemology, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, of Reality / Truth Awareness Physical sciences, Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, Astronomy, Geology, History, Anthropology, Marine & Space, Etc. What is involved? ‘Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions What is the Effect? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauheed); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. 71All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  72. 72. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   ST UL E JU D IF INTERESTED – E MOD PLET NEW ENQUIRE FROM COM WHEN ART ND ST ORGANIZER A S A E WILL NCE AK OU INT LL ANN WI “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  73. 73. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)  All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  74. 74. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. 74All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  75. 75. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; BROAD EXTENT&OF TOPICS of Allah (Islam) Submission Obedience to Will COVERED IN FIQH ‘ibadah (personal devotion / worship) What is involved? Muamalah (social transaction) Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Munakahah (Marriage & family) in life Capability to implementing them Irth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth) What is the Effect? Jinayah (crimes & punishment) To develop a community of people, Qodha’iyah (judiciary) Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, Da’wah (struggle in war & peace) jihad / and forbidding evil, imarah (Leadership/government) Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. 75All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  76. 76. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY (Practical Laws for life; KNOWLEDGE: Learning of the Shari’ah)   All applied sciences, technology Purpose / Objective and skills, knowledge of economics, politics, Development of Correct Practices; social & administrative Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) sciences etc. that can assist in the fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace, What is involved? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to physical of life harmony, prosperity, every aspect withCapability to implementing themwell-being moral progress, and the in life of Man & society, etc. What is the Effect? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. 76All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  77. 77. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   RT STA NG E D UCI OURS ) RO C 3 IF INTERESTED – INT A NEW Y 2O1 Y OF R DA B RUA DNE S PLEASE REGISTER ( FE RY WE T EVE H NIG “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  78. 78. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)  All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  79. 79. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) 79All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  80. 80. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism) RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY   Purpose / Objective KNOWLEDGE: This aspect ofof Righteous Personality Development development requires Purification/perfection of the Self practical behaviour, the aspect of being and becoming. Its area of development What is involved? is the inner Self, the ‘human psyche’ or Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) the state of the Soul reflected in his Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, Disposition (Akhlaq). Therefore, the close equivalentwithinperhapsand with others. may oneself, be ‘human’ psychology, Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis) behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc. What is the Effect? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [Nabiyyin] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul] and loyal Companions [Ashaab], In fellowship with the Truthful [siddiqqin], the Witnesses & martyrs [shuhada] and the Righteous servants of Allah [Solihin]; Striving to purify the Self (Nafs) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “Insan Kaamil”) 80All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  81. 81. Tauheedic paradigm ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   NG D UCI IF INTERESTED – IN TRO RT E STA COURS ) PLEASE REGISTER 13 A NEW RY 2O Y OF A B RUA ATURD ( FE RY S EVE HT NIG “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  83. 83.  ”All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us!” 83All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  84. 84.  And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon His household and Companions . 84All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  85. 85.  "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful. (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128) 85All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  86. 86. “Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes, and cause us to be foremost amongst those who are conscious of Thee! (as ‘mut-taqqin’).” (Qur’an : al-Furqan: 25: 74) 86All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  87. 87. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250) 87All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  88. 88. “Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” (Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8) 88All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  89. 89. 89All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  90. 90. “Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us : Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, And grant us forgiveness, Have Mercy on us. You are our protector : Help us against the unbelievers.” (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 286) 90All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  91. 91. "Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!" (Qur’an : al-Baqarah: 2 : 201) 91All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  92. 92. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” 92All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  93. 93. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . 93All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  94. 94. ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) 94All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  95. 95. “Grant us (these our supplication), by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!” 95All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012
  96. 96.      All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/  http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 96All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2012

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