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““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ai...
(The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE H...
““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refersto the One and Onl...
““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaningArabic name meaning““the Praised Onethe Praised One”; he is t...
IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Isl...
THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF AL...
Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] T...
Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] T...
THE fifth PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE fifth PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAG...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULEvery Friday nig...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
 In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theIn respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of...
””O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it wasO ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it wasprescrib...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
““(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
””Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the QuranRamadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Quranas a guide...
 Fasting in Islam is amongst the forms of devotion that providesMuslim with necessary training in the exercise of self-de...
 Month of Ramadhan was chosen by Allah for Muslims toobserve the daily fasting – the whole month. Exceptions are those w...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
 The rule of fasting begins with intention (The rule of fasting begins with intention (NiyyatNiyyat), to be), to beformul...
 Basically, one must be conscious or aware of the fast to beBasically, one must be conscious or aware of the fast to beob...
 It is recommended (It is recommended (sunatsunat oror mandubmandub) for Muslims to have a meal) for Muslims to have a me...
Has the significant meaning of :“ abstaining ; abstinent ; he refrains from ;abstention ; fasting ; “SA-WA-MASA-WA-MAAll R...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
 Wilfully introducing any object or substance into any openingsWilfully introducing any object or substance into any open...
 Engaging in sexual intercourse (while fasting in the day). This notEngaging in sexual intercourse (while fasting in the ...
 Becoming indisposed as a result of menstruation or ‘lochia’Becoming indisposed as a result of menstruation or ‘lochia’po...
 Commit apostasy (Commit apostasy (MURTADMURTAD) and then re-enter Islam.) and then re-enter Islam.NOTE:NOTE:For every fa...
NOTE:NOTE:Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said toAlthough by observing this basic rules, generall...
NOTE:NOTE:Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said toAlthough by observing this basic rules, generall...
”” Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put youAllah intends every facility for you He does not want t...
.... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having.... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having TAQWATAQWA– i.e. state of...
MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEENGod-consciousness or PietyMUKHLISWEENSincerityMUMUHHSEENSEENBest or righteous conductMU’MEENMU’MEENBelie...
THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Begi...
THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Lear...
THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Stea...
THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Incr...
If you are wearing anoverflowing robe, howwould you walk throughupon a road full ofbushes of thorns ?# ۱All Rights Reserve...
It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it?2 metres# ۲All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail ...
But now knowing the reality of whereyou really are, how would you be walking upon it?2 metres# ۲All Rights Reserved © Zhul...
““Verily your Lord said: ‘The reward for every good deed will be multipliedVerily your Lord said: ‘The reward for every go...
““Fasting is a shieldFasting is a shield and so (he who fast) should not utter vulgarities,and so (he who fast) should not...
““Fasting is a shieldFasting is a shield as long as the person (fasting) does not violate it.”as long as the person (fasti...
““There are many who Fast but do not gain anything forThere are many who Fast but do not gain anything fortheir Fasting ex...
““ and to complete the prescribed period, and toand to complete the prescribed period, and toglorify Him in that He has gu...
 Pay the “Pay the “ZAKAAT-UL-FITRAZAKAAT-UL-FITRA” for yourself and for those whom you” for yourself and for those whom y...
 Bathing in the morning ofBathing in the morning of ‘EID‘EID and partaking of food after Dawn isand partaking of food aft...
Seeking renewal due to a strengthened Faith, by also reconcilingSeeking renewal due to a strengthened Faith, by also reco...
TAUFIQTAUFIQHIDAAYAHIDAAYA(astray)(astray)(success)(guidance)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))PARABLE OFT...
TAUFIQTAUFIQ(missed completely)(‘Bulls-eye’)(on target)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))HIDAAYAHIDAAYA(mi...
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[Slideshare) fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 14 -arkaan-ul-islam-saum-daily-fasting-ramadhan-(21-june-2013)

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[Slideshare) fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 14 -arkaan-ul-islam-saum-daily-fasting-ramadhan-(21-june-2013)

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ain in English for Adultsconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILLESSON #14LESSON #14Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE AREFRESHER COURSE FORREFRESHER COURSE FORMUSLIM PARENTS,MUSLIM PARENTS,EDUCATORS, INEDUCATORS, INCONTEMPORARYCONTEMPORARYSINGAPORE.SINGAPORE.OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL1UPDATED 21 JUNE 2013UPDATED 21 JUNE 2013Every Friday night @Every Friday night @8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pmWisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450Changi Road,Changi Road,#02-00 next to#02-00 next toMasjid KassimMasjid Kassim““ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”Pillars of Islam (Submission)Pillars of Islam (Submission)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULDAILY FASTING INDAILY FASTING INMONTH OF RAMADHANMONTH OF RAMADHANAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam””2IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refersto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, LordSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – thereSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – thereis none besides Allah.is none besides Allah.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaningArabic name meaning““the Praised Onethe Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered”; he is the Chosen, UnletteredProphet, the servant and Messenger of Allah,Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah,the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whomthe Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whomthere will be no more prophet sent.there will be no more prophet sent.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Islam][Islam]SubmissionSubmissionObedienceObediencePracticePracticeFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith ismere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANwhich essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionto the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  8. 8. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  9. 9. THE fifth PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE fifth PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  10. 10. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULEvery Friday night @Every Friday night @8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pmWisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450Changi Road,Changi Road,#02-00 next to#02-00 next toMasjid KassimMasjid Kassim““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adultsconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailTopic for LessonTopic for Lessonon 21 June 2013on 21 June 2013All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  12. 12.  In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theIn respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theschool ofschool of FiqhFiqh ofof al-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idrisal-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idrisash-Shafi-’ie rhm.aash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a.. here in this region, the practices in thishere in this region, the practices in thismanual / lesson onmanual / lesson on FIQHFIQH matters, shall subscribe and be inmatters, shall subscribe and be inconformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence (conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence (madzhabmadzhab).). Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance (Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance (tasamuhtasamuh) towards) towardsotherother madzaahibmadzaahib andand ikhtilaafikhtilaaf (differences of opinion) amongst(differences of opinion) amongstIslamic scholars.Islamic scholars. The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally acceptedThe dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally acceptedare the,are the, Ja’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’eJa’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’e andand Hanbali.Hanbali.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. ””O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it wasO ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it wasprescribed to those before you that ye may (learn ) self-restraintprescribed to those before you that ye may (learn ) self-restraint( having( having TAQWATAQWA – i.e. state of consciousness of Allah).―”– i.e. state of consciousness of Allah).―”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. ““(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill oron a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) fromon a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) fromdays later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is adays later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is aransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that willransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that willgive more of his own free-will―it is better for him, and it isgive more of his own free-will―it is better for him, and it isbetter for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.”better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:184Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:184))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. ””Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the QuranRamadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Quranas a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance andas a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance andjudgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you whojudgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you whois present (at his home) during that month should spent it inis present (at his home) during that month should spent it infasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribedfasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribedperiod (should be made up) by days later”period (should be made up) by days later”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18.  Fasting in Islam is amongst the forms of devotion that providesMuslim with necessary training in the exercise of self-denial, so thathe may become truly “Muslim” - one who is able to submit himself tothe will of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19.  Month of Ramadhan was chosen by Allah for Muslims toobserve the daily fasting – the whole month. Exceptions are those who are sick, on a journey, the insane,infants etc. For every fast missed, it is to be re-paid by fasting in othermonths – or if unable, then to feed the poor or indigent as ransom(FID-YAH).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21.  The rule of fasting begins with intention (The rule of fasting begins with intention (NiyyatNiyyat), to be), to beformulated on the night before the fast, in a language whichformulated on the night before the fast, in a language whichone understands.one understands.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22.  Basically, one must be conscious or aware of the fast to beBasically, one must be conscious or aware of the fast to beobserved and the reason for doing it (i.e. Must be for the sake ofobserved and the reason for doing it (i.e. Must be for the sake ofAllah s.w.t. as He commands).Allah s.w.t. as He commands). Thus, the intention formulated in the heart or mind is as:Thus, the intention formulated in the heart or mind is as:““I resolve to fast tomorrow to observe the (fardh) obligatoryI resolve to fast tomorrow to observe the (fardh) obligatoryFasting of Ramadhan this year,Fasting of Ramadhan this year,because of (or for the sake of) Allah s.w.t.”because of (or for the sake of) Allah s.w.t.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  23. 23.  It is recommended (It is recommended (sunatsunat oror mandubmandub) for Muslims to have a meal) for Muslims to have a mealbefore dawn called “before dawn called “SAHURSAHUR”.”. The Fast begins from Dawn (The Fast begins from Dawn (Fajr/SubuhFajr/Subuh) until sunset () until sunset (MaghribMaghrib).). During this period, the Muslim must abstain from eating, drinking,During this period, the Muslim must abstain from eating, drinking,smoking, sex, or any other acts which can nullify the Fast.smoking, sex, or any other acts which can nullify the Fast.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. Has the significant meaning of :“ abstaining ; abstinent ; he refrains from ;abstention ; fasting ; “SA-WA-MASA-WA-MAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  26. 26.  Wilfully introducing any object or substance into any openingsWilfully introducing any object or substance into any openingsof the body. Deliberate eating, drinking or smoking, usingof the body. Deliberate eating, drinking or smoking, usingsuppository, etc.suppository, etc. Vomiting, if it is induced. Involuntary vomiting, however, doesVomiting, if it is induced. Involuntary vomiting, however, doesnot nullify the fast.not nullify the fast. Emitting semen intentionally.Emitting semen intentionally.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  27. 27.  Engaging in sexual intercourse (while fasting in the day). This notEngaging in sexual intercourse (while fasting in the day). This notonly renders the fast void, but those committing this breach has toonly renders the fast void, but those committing this breach has toexpiate it with a penalty called “expiate it with a penalty called “KaffarahKaffarah”- either :”- either :[1] free a slave; or[1] free a slave; or[2] fasting 2 months consecutively; or[2] fasting 2 months consecutively; or[3] feed 60 indigent (poor & needy) people.[3] feed 60 indigent (poor & needy) people.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  28. 28.  Becoming indisposed as a result of menstruation or ‘lochia’Becoming indisposed as a result of menstruation or ‘lochia’post-natal bleeding (childbirth).post-natal bleeding (childbirth). Becoming insane.Becoming insane. Losing consciousness throughout the day.Losing consciousness throughout the day. Become sick i.e. illness where one is advised by physician, toBecome sick i.e. illness where one is advised by physician, toavoid possible harm if fasting is to continueavoid possible harm if fasting is to continue..All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29.  Commit apostasy (Commit apostasy (MURTADMURTAD) and then re-enter Islam.) and then re-enter Islam.NOTE:NOTE:For every fast missed, it is to be re-paid by fasting in otherFor every fast missed, it is to be re-paid by fasting in othermonths – or if unable, e.g. Due to old age, pregnancy or lactatingmonths – or if unable, e.g. Due to old age, pregnancy or lactatingetc. then to feed the poor or indigent as ransom or alternativeetc. then to feed the poor or indigent as ransom or alternative((FID-YAHFID-YAH).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  30. 30. NOTE:NOTE:Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said toAlthough by observing this basic rules, generally one is said tohave fasted (have fasted (umumumum), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality of), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality ofFasting – either:Fasting – either:[1] The quality of Fasting of the Prophets and those Nearest to[1] The quality of Fasting of the Prophets and those Nearest toAllah (Allah (al-Muqorrobeenal-Muqorrobeen ) – “most specific” Fast () – “most specific” Fast (khusus-al-khususkhusus-al-khusus))or, if not then:or, if not then:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  31. 31. NOTE:NOTE:Although by observing this basic rules, generally one is said toAlthough by observing this basic rules, generally one is said tohave fasted (have fasted (umumumum), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality of), yet Muslims must aspire to a higher quality ofFasting – either:Fasting – either:[2] The “specific” Fast ([2] The “specific” Fast (khususkhusus) – i.e. to ensure while fasting,) – i.e. to ensure while fasting,every organs and limbs participate in abstaining from everythingevery organs and limbs participate in abstaining from everythingwhich Allah and His Messenger has forbidden (which Allah and His Messenger has forbidden (haramharam).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  32. 32. ”” Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put youAllah intends every facility for you He does not want to put youto difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period,to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period,and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance yeand to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance yeshall be grateful.”shall be grateful.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. .... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having.... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having TAQWATAQWA– i.e. state of consciousness of God).―”– i.e. state of consciousness of God).―”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  34. 34. MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEENGod-consciousness or PietyMUKHLISWEENSincerityMUMUHHSEENSEENBest or righteous conductMU’MEENMU’MEENBelieverMUSLIMMUSLIMOne who submitsLEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENTTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTAQWATAQWAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Begin with submission (Begin with submission (IslamIslam););exuding meaning of being faithful (exuding meaning of being faithful (iimaniiman););inculcating righteous conduct (inculcating righteous conduct (IhsanIhsan););Inculcating sincerityInculcating sincerity ((ikhlaswikhlasw););All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Learn the essentials of striving (Learn the essentials of striving (jihaadjihaad););patient perseverance (patient perseverance (SwobrSwobr););enhancing feeling of gratefulness (enhancing feeling of gratefulness (ShakurShakur););Compassion for the poor & needy (Compassion for the poor & needy (RuhamahRuhamah););All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Steadfastness and consistency (Steadfastness and consistency (istiqomahistiqomah););Heightened remembrance of Allah (Heightened remembrance of Allah (Dzik-rullahDzik-rullah););Purge and purify body and Soul (Purge and purify body and Soul (mutatohhireenmutatohhireen););Learn the meaning of “to return & repentance”Learn the meaning of “to return & repentance”((InaabahInaabah););All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  38. 38. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : – MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““Increase interaction with and adherence to Al-Qur’anIncrease interaction with and adherence to Al-Qur’an((tilaawah wa tadabburtilaawah wa tadabbur););Increase in night devotions (Increase in night devotions (QiyaamQiyaam););Reasserting and strengthening Islamic unity andReasserting and strengthening Islamic unity andbrotherhoodbrotherhood ((ittihaad wa ukhuwwahittihaad wa ukhuwwah););All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  39. 39. If you are wearing anoverflowing robe, howwould you walk throughupon a road full ofbushes of thorns ?# ۱All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)PARABLEOF WALKING INTHORNYPATHWAY
  40. 40. It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it?2 metres# ۲All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)Supposed youare shown thislighted path ….PARABLEOF‘ACROPHOBIA’
  41. 41. But now knowing the reality of whereyou really are, how would you be walking upon it?2 metres# ۲All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)PARABLEOF‘ACROPHOBIA’
  42. 42. ““Verily your Lord said: ‘The reward for every good deed will be multipliedVerily your Lord said: ‘The reward for every good deed will be multipliedby ten up to seven hundred times, except for Fasting – for Fasting is forby ten up to seven hundred times, except for Fasting – for Fasting is forMy sake and I will reward (to multiples of my choosing) accordingly.”My sake and I will reward (to multiples of my choosing) accordingly.”((HadithHadith))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  43. 43. ““Fasting is a shieldFasting is a shield and so (he who fast) should not utter vulgarities,and so (he who fast) should not utter vulgarities,nor obscenities and if a man swears (pick a quarrel) with him, he shouldnor obscenities and if a man swears (pick a quarrel) with him, he shouldJust say (in response) : “I am Fasting”, (he repetead) twice.”Just say (in response) : “I am Fasting”, (he repetead) twice.”((Hadith reported by Bukhary)Hadith reported by Bukhary)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  44. 44. ““Fasting is a shieldFasting is a shield as long as the person (fasting) does not violate it.”as long as the person (fasting) does not violate it.”(Abu Muhammad clarifies that what the Prophet s.a.a.w. meant by(Abu Muhammad clarifies that what the Prophet s.a.a.w. meant byViolate here is “Violate here is “GhibahGhibah” – backbiting others)”” – backbiting others)”((Hadith reported by DarimiyHadith reported by Darimiy))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  45. 45. ““There are many who Fast but do not gain anything forThere are many who Fast but do not gain anything fortheir Fasting except hunger and thirst.”their Fasting except hunger and thirst.”((HadithHadith))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  46. 46. ““ and to complete the prescribed period, and toand to complete the prescribed period, and toglorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchanceglorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchanceye shall be grateful.” (ye shall be grateful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  47. 47.  Pay the “Pay the “ZAKAAT-UL-FITRAZAKAAT-UL-FITRA” for yourself and for those whom you” for yourself and for those whom youare responsible for. This is ‘are responsible for. This is ‘WAJIBWAJIB’ (compulsory), to ensure the poor’ (compulsory), to ensure the poorand needy has the means to celebrate, in as much as a condition forand needy has the means to celebrate, in as much as a condition forAllah’s acceptance of our deedsAllah’s acceptance of our deeds ((‘AMAL‘AMAL) throughout Ramadhan.) throughout Ramadhan. Glorification of Allah “Glorification of Allah “TAKBIRTAKBIR” - inculcation of the true meaning of” - inculcation of the true meaning ofcelebration which is none other than expression of gratefulnesscelebration which is none other than expression of gratefulness((SHAKURSHAKUR) to Allah s.w.t.) to Allah s.w.t.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  48. 48.  Bathing in the morning ofBathing in the morning of ‘EID‘EID and partaking of food after Dawn isand partaking of food after Dawn isrecommended. So also to wear beautiful or new clothes beforerecommended. So also to wear beautiful or new clothes beforesetting out for a specialsetting out for a special SwOLAT- UL-EID-UL-FITRSwOLAT- UL-EID-UL-FITR prayer in open fieldprayer in open fieldor mosques or community halls.or mosques or community halls. This prayer (This prayer (SwOLAT- UL-EID-UL-FITRISwOLAT- UL-EID-UL-FITRI): 2): 2 raka’at, sunnatraka’at, sunnat(recommended), in congregation (following an Imam); followed by a(recommended), in congregation (following an Imam); followed by asermon by thesermon by the IMAMIMAM//KHATIBKHATIB..All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  49. 49. Seeking renewal due to a strengthened Faith, by also reconcilingSeeking renewal due to a strengthened Faith, by also reconcilingand strengthening bonds of relationship with all. To uphold theand strengthening bonds of relationship with all. To uphold thelesson on self-restraint and God-consciousness (lesson on self-restraint and God-consciousness (TAQWATAQWA).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  50. 50. TAUFIQTAUFIQHIDAAYAHIDAAYA(astray)(astray)(success)(guidance)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))PARABLE OFTHE ROAD
  51. 51. TAUFIQTAUFIQ(missed completely)(‘Bulls-eye’)(on target)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))HIDAAYAHIDAAYA(missed completely)PARABLEINARCHERY
  52. 52. 52http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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