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““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ai...
(The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE H...
IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Isl...
THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF AL...
THE second PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE second PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESS...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
 In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theIn respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of...
””Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,and loveth those who have a care f...
 As Muslims, we are required to maintain standard of hygiene andAs Muslims, we are required to maintain standard of hygie...
““And We send down upon you water from the skies, so that He mightAnd We send down upon you water from the skies, so that ...
 This is “This is “spiritualspiritual” in nature as it pertains to” in nature as it pertains to AQEEDAHAQEEDAH(belief). A...
 All parts of dogs and pigs, and any traces left by it. Even if the skin hadbeen tanned, it is still regarded as unclean ...
““NAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyNAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyImpurities that requires cleansing in manner (analogously) prescribed ...
“NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably...
“NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably...
“NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably...
“NAJIS MUKHAFFAFAH” - lightImpurities that requires cleansing merely by sprinkling water over it. Slight amount of vomit....
””Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,and loveth those who have a care f...
 The cleansing of both private parts after urination or bowelThe cleansing of both private parts after urination or bowel...
 It is obligatory (WAJIB) for male Muslim to be circumcised, beforewhich the uncircumcised male must ensure that when he ...
”” ““If you are in a state of ceremonial impurityIf you are in a state of ceremonial impurity((janabanjanaban), bathe your...
 ObligatoryObligatory GHUSL’GHUSL’ is a complete washing (bath) which must be takenis a complete washing (bath) which mus...
[1] When Muslim dies, his body has to be given the bath.[1] When Muslim dies, his body has to be given the bath.[2] For wo...
[5] When semen - or sperm has been discharged (orgasm) by maleor female, even without engaging in coitus, e.g. through “we...
[1] Performance of[1] Performance of SWOLAHSWOLAH..[2] Performance of[2] Performance of TAWAFTAWAF (circumambulation or go...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
There are 2 important criteria to befulfilled in ghusl’:[1] INTENTION (NIYYAT)[2] (TOTAL) WHOLE BODY IS WASHEDAll Rights R...
[1] Cleanse genitals (istinja’).[2] Wash face, hands up to elbows, wipe head and ears.[3] At the start of bath, ensure you...
[4] Wash the head thoroughly* (including beard and sideburns, etc.)* Thoroughly entails rubbing over all parts of the body...
 One may perform bath by total immersion e.g. in pool, sea, river etc.but the important criteria must be met i.e. Intenti...
““O Ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer (swolah), washO Ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer (swolah), washyo...
 WudhuWudhu’’ (ablution) means – conditional washing of certain parts of the(ablution) means – conditional washing of cer...
DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[1] Begin by reciting the “Basmalah”, ...
DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[4] Then, wash the right hand up to th...
DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[a] Washing must follow sequence as st...
36Video Clip downloaded courtesy of AlHidayah Centre Portal (Perth)Video Clip downloaded courtesy of AlHidayah Centre Port...
The following may cause wudhu’ to be nullified in which case,wudhu’ has to be re-taken before one can perform Swolah:[1] w...
““And if ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand orAnd if ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean s...
 In exceptional cases where water is not available or cannot beused, the alternative to an obligatory bath (ghusl’) and a...
””O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every timeO children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every ti...
[1] One must ensure that the dress/attire used for swolah clean[1] One must ensure that the dress/attire used for swolah c...
““(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pure and as a(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the)...
 All place that are clean and free from filth or impurities(najasah) can be used to perform swolah. No swolah ought to b...
““ set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined onset up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined onbelieve...
 Subuh – or Fajr - from dawn until the sun begins to rise Zuhr – beginning of the afternoon, when the noon sun shiftto b...
““But there came after them successors who neglectedBut there came after them successors who neglectedprayer (prayer (SWOL...
““ O ye who believe! let not your riches or yourO ye who believe! let not your riches or yourchildren divert you from the ...
“Between the man and disbelief (KUFR) isthe abandonment of the prayer (SWOLAH).”(Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu...
““The head of the matter isThe head of the matter is Al-IslamAl-Islam;;its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e.its pilla...
““TheThe SwolahSwolah is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes...
““Whoever forget to perform Swolah or (missedWhoever forget to perform Swolah or (misseddoing it because) of sleep, he is ...
““Whoever forget (to perform) Swolah or wasWhoever forget (to perform) Swolah or wasmissed doing it because of being) asle...
““Whoever missed performing Swolah (within its time)Whoever missed performing Swolah (within its time)because of being asl...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said: The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w.Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said: The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w.used to combin...
““now shall We turn thee to anow shall We turn thee to a QiblahQiblah that shall please thee.that shall please thee.Turn t...
 Whenever one is to perform the Swolah, the direction isWhenever one is to perform the Swolah, the direction istowards th...
FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHCULTURE OF HYGEINE; CLEANLINESS;CULTURE OF HYGEINE; CLEANLINESS;MA...
MODEST DRESSING; ADDED TO VARIETY OF ETHNICITIES;MODEST DRESSING; ADDED TO VARIETY OF ETHNICITIES;FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPR...
FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHMOSQUES, RESPECT FOR ALL SURFACES ON THIS EARTH ,PLACEAll Rights R...
FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHASTRONOMY, CHRONOMETER, PRAYER TIME-TABLE TIMEAll Rights Reserved©...
FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHASTROLABE, COMPASSES, NAVIGATIONAL CHARTS, MAPS,DIERCTION AND ORIE...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)TO BE CONTINUED WITHTO BE CONTINUED WITH““PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAHPERFORMANCE...
"O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,"O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,and also (ra...
‘‘O AllO Allaah, make me of those who return to You often inh, make me of those who return to You often inrepentance and m...
‘‘How perfect You are O AllHow perfect You are O Allaah, and I praise You, I bear witnessh, and I praise You, I bear witne...
““(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations ofAlla...
““And may the Salutations of Allah and peace be uponAnd may the Salutations of Allah and peace be uponour Leader Muhammado...
””Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromGlory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He i...
70http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://al-amt...
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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 11[b]-arkaan-ul-islam-swolah(part 2)-five-prerequisite-(17-may-2013)

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 11[b]-arkaan-ul-islam-swolah(part 2)-five-prerequisite-(17-may-2013)

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ain in English for Adultsconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILLESSON #11 [b]LESSON #11 [b]Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE AREFRESHER COURSE FORREFRESHER COURSE FORMUSLIM PARENTS,MUSLIM PARENTS,EDUCATORS, INEDUCATORS, INCONTEMPORARYCONTEMPORARYSINGAPORE.SINGAPORE.OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL1UPDATED 17 MAY 2013UPDATED 17 MAY 2013Every Friday night @Every Friday night @8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pmWisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450Changi Road,Changi Road,#02-00 next to#02-00 next toMasjid KassimMasjid Kassim““ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”Pillars of Islam (Submission)Pillars of Islam (Submission)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULPRE-REQUISITE BEFOREPRE-REQUISITE BEFOREPERFORMANCE OF SWOLAHPERFORMANCE OF SWOLAHFor further information andFor further information andregistration contact Eregistration contact E -mail :-mail :ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comor +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam””2IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  3. 3. IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Islam][Islam]SubmissionSubmissionObedienceObediencePracticePracticeFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith ismere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANwhich essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionto the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. THE second PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE second PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7.  In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theIn respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of theschool ofschool of FiqhFiqh ofof al-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idrisal-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idrisash-Shafi-’ie rhm.aash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a.. here in this region, the practices in thishere in this region, the practices in thismanual / lesson onmanual / lesson on FIQHFIQH matters, shall subscribe and be inmatters, shall subscribe and be inconformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence (conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence (madzhabmadzhab).). Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance (Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance (tasamuhtasamuh) towards) towardsotherother madzaahibmadzaahib andand ikhtilaafikhtilaaf (differences of opinion) amongst(differences of opinion) amongstIslamic scholars.Islamic scholars. The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally acceptedThe dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally acceptedare the,are the, Ja’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’eJa’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’e andand Hanbali.Hanbali.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  8. 8. ””Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,and loveth those who have a care forand loveth those who have a care forcleanliness (purity). “cleanliness (purity). “((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  9. 9.  As Muslims, we are required to maintain standard of hygiene andAs Muslims, we are required to maintain standard of hygiene andcleanliness.cleanliness. Especially for performance ofEspecially for performance of SwolahSwolah, Muslims are require to ensure, Muslims are require to ensurethey are free from all filth or state of impurities both physically orthey are free from all filth or state of impurities both physically orceremoniously.ceremoniously. It stipulates what constitute filth (It stipulates what constitute filth (najasatnajasat); how to cleanse or purify); how to cleanse or purifyoneself of it (oneself of it (taharahtaharah); on certain occasion it requires one to take a); on certain occasion it requires one to take acomplete bath (complete bath (ghuslghusl’’) or to do partial washing i.e. ablution () or to do partial washing i.e. ablution (wudhu’wudhu’).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  10. 10. ““And We send down upon you water from the skies, so that He mightAnd We send down upon you water from the skies, so that He mightpurify you thereby and free you from satan’s unclean whisperings,purify you thereby and free you from satan’s unclean whisperings,and strengthen your hearts and thus make firm your steps.”and strengthen your hearts and thus make firm your steps.”((Qur’an: Anfal: 8:11Qur’an: Anfal: 8:11))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  11. 11.  This is “This is “spiritualspiritual” in nature as it pertains to” in nature as it pertains to AQEEDAHAQEEDAH(belief). Allah s.w.t. says:(belief). Allah s.w.t. says: The way to purify is by adhering toThe way to purify is by adhering to TAUTAUHHEEDEED throughthroughembracing Islam – proclaiming theembracing Islam – proclaiming the SHAHADAHTAINSHAHADAHTAIN..“O ye who believe! The idolaters only are unclean (NAJASUN).So let them not come near the (MASJIDIL HARAM) InviolablePlace of Worship after this their year. ”(Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 28)“SHIRK”Ascribing, setting uppartners to Allah;idolatry; worshippingOther than Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  12. 12.  All parts of dogs and pigs, and any traces left by it. Even if the skin hadbeen tanned, it is still regarded as unclean when moist. Any contact upon it when moist requires cleansing to remove any of itstraces (until one is convinced of its removal of any texture, smell andcolour).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)““NAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyNAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyImpurities that requires cleansing in manner (analogously) prescribed byImpurities that requires cleansing in manner (analogously) prescribed bythe Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. termed “sertu” or “samak”:the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. termed “sertu” or “samak”:
  13. 13. ““NAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyNAJIS MUGHALAZAH” - heavyImpurities that requires cleansing in manner (analogously) prescribed byImpurities that requires cleansing in manner (analogously) prescribed bythe Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. termed “sertu” or “samak”:the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. termed “sertu” or “samak”: For this category ofFor this category of NAJISNAJIS, the general view for cleansing is based upon, the general view for cleansing is based uponthethe ’QIYAS’’QIYAS’ from thefrom the SUNNAHSUNNAH ::““Cleansing one of your container if a dog licks it, by washing itCleansing one of your container if a dog licks it, by washing itseven times, first (beginning) washing shall be with soil (earth)”seven times, first (beginning) washing shall be with soil (earth)”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. “NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably by using clean water. On smooth surfaces,mere dry wiping may be acceptable.Divided into 2: ‘Ainiyyah – impurities, the traces of which that can be seen. Hukmiyyah – impurities that leaves no visible traces but which ourknowledge ascertain its presence.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. “NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably by using clean water. On smooth surfaces,mere dry wiping may be acceptable.[1] (Carrion) Dead animal .[1] (Carrion) Dead animal .[2] Blood including pus.[2] Blood including pus.[3] Urine and excrement[3] Urine and excrement[4] Vomit[4] VomitWhat are these Najasat ?What are these Najasat ?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. “NAJIS MUTAWASITTAH”Impurities that requires general cleansing to remove traces of its texture,smell or colour, preferably by using clean water. On smooth surfaces,mere dry wiping may be acceptable.[5][5] MadziMadzi (prostatic fluid)(prostatic fluid)[6][6] WadiWadi (white chalky discharge following urine)(white chalky discharge following urine)[7][7] KhamrKhamr (wine & intoxicant of this genre)(wine & intoxicant of this genre) **What are these Najasat ?What are these Najasat ?** alcohol not derived from “Khamr” e.g. methylated spirit etc.used in swabs and disinfectant, are not najis, but clean (pure).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. “NAJIS MUKHAFFAFAH” - lightImpurities that requires cleansing merely by sprinkling water over it. Slight amount of vomit. Urine of an unweaned (i.e. still breastfeeding) baby boy.What are these Najasat ?What are these Najasat ?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18. ””Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him,and loveth those who have a care forand loveth those who have a care forcleanliness (purity). “cleanliness (purity). “((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19.  The cleansing of both private parts after urination or bowelThe cleansing of both private parts after urination or bowelmovements using clean water (preferably running tap water).movements using clean water (preferably running tap water). It is preferable to use absorbent e.g. toilet paper first before washing.It is preferable to use absorbent e.g. toilet paper first before washing.Use left hand in cleansing and ensure removal of all traces ofUse left hand in cleansing and ensure removal of all traces ofdischarge.discharge. If water is not available, then you may use other absorbent materialIf water is not available, then you may use other absorbent materialsuch as paper, smooth stone, leaf, etc. but preference must be givensuch as paper, smooth stone, leaf, etc. but preference must be givento the using of water.to the using of water.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  20. 20.  It is obligatory (WAJIB) for male Muslim to be circumcised, beforewhich the uncircumcised male must ensure that when he does theISTINJA’, the foreskin is pull back to expose the glans of the penis, to becleanse thoroughly with water. NOTE:All physical discharges, (solid and liquid) from the private parts areregarded as impure (NAJIS) and would require cleansing.Those categorized in the category as perspiration and gaseous, areexcused.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21. ”” ““If you are in a state of ceremonial impurityIf you are in a state of ceremonial impurity((janabanjanaban), bathe your whole body (), bathe your whole body (ghusl’ghusl’).”).”((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 6Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 6))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22.  ObligatoryObligatory GHUSL’GHUSL’ is a complete washing (bath) which must be takenis a complete washing (bath) which must be takenas commanded by Allah, on all occasions when a Muslim is affected byas commanded by Allah, on all occasions when a Muslim is affected byand is in a state of (ceremonial) major impurity termed as “and is in a state of (ceremonial) major impurity termed as “JANABAHJANABAH”.”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  23. 23. [1] When Muslim dies, his body has to be given the bath.[1] When Muslim dies, his body has to be given the bath.[2] For woman, after menstruation / monthly period.[2] For woman, after menstruation / monthly period.[3] For woman who has[3] For woman who has lochialochia after childbirth (i.e. After post-natalafter childbirth (i.e. After post-natalbleeding has ceased).bleeding has ceased).[4] When sexual penetration has occurred. In this case both (themale and female) are in a state of ceremonial impurity requiring thebath, even though the sexual act does not end in orgasmicdischarge.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. [5] When semen - or sperm has been discharged (orgasm) by maleor female, even without engaging in coitus, e.g. through “wet-dreams” , masturbation, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  25. 25. [1] Performance of[1] Performance of SWOLAHSWOLAH..[2] Performance of[2] Performance of TAWAFTAWAF (circumambulation or going around the(circumambulation or going around theKA’ABAHKA’ABAH).).[3] Touching or carrying the[3] Touching or carrying the MUS-HAFMUS-HAF – (Holy Qur’an which is totally in– (Holy Qur’an which is totally inthe Arabic script).the Arabic script).[4] Reciting the Holy Qur’an ([4] Reciting the Holy Qur’an (TILAWATTILAWAT) as an act of devotion. But it is) as an act of devotion. But it ispermissible in ‘permissible in ‘DZIKRDZIKR’ (daily utterances as form of remembrance),’ (daily utterances as form of remembrance),extol supplications and glorification of Allah.extol supplications and glorification of Allah.[5] To remain in a[5] To remain in a MASJIDMASJID (mosque).(mosque).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  27. 27. There are 2 important criteria to befulfilled in ghusl’:[1] INTENTION (NIYYAT)[2] (TOTAL) WHOLE BODY IS WASHEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  28. 28. [1] Cleanse genitals (istinja’).[2] Wash face, hands up to elbows, wipe head and ears.[3] At the start of bath, ensure you formulate intention in yourheart/mind in the language you understand, stipulating (the what &the why) for example:“I am doing this obligatory bath (ghusl’) for the sake of Allah!”DETAILED: Sequential bath according to SunnahSequential bath according to SunnahMETHOD # 1METHOD # 1All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29. [4] Wash the head thoroughly* (including beard and sideburns, etc.)* Thoroughly entails rubbing over all parts of the body. If during thebath, soap or shampoo is used, ensure that you rinsed over it with water.If pouring water over it, three times is preferred.[5] Wash the right half of the body thoroughly, from shoulder down to thefeet.[6] Wash the left half of the body thoroughly, from shoulder down to feet.DETAILED: Sequential bath according to SunnahSequential bath according to SunnahMETHOD # 1METHOD # 1All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  30. 30.  One may perform bath by total immersion e.g. in pool, sea, river etc.but the important criteria must be met i.e. Intention and the whole body istotally washed. If one uses container or tub, ensure that the volume is not less than1.50 cubic metre to ensure it does not become contaminated through useor when impurity is immersed into the water.DETAILED: BATHING BY TOTAL IMMERSIONBATHING BY TOTAL IMMERSIONMETHOD # 2METHOD # 2All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  31. 31. ““O Ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer (swolah), washO Ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer (swolah), washyour faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub youryour faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub yourheads (with water) and (wash) your feet to the ankles.”heads (with water) and (wash) your feet to the ankles.”((Qur’an: Ma’idah: 5: 7Qur’an: Ma’idah: 5: 7))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  32. 32.  WudhuWudhu’’ (ablution) means – conditional washing of certain parts of the(ablution) means – conditional washing of certain parts of thebody prior to the performance of Swolah as commanded generally bybody prior to the performance of Swolah as commanded generally byAllah s.w.t. (Q: 5: 7) and exemplified in detail by Prophet MuhammadAllah s.w.t. (Q: 5: 7) and exemplified in detail by Prophet Muhammads.a.w.s.a.w. The essentials (The essentials (RUKUNRUKUN) are:) are:[1] Intention ([1] Intention (NIYYATNIYYAT););[2] Washing of the face;[2] Washing of the face;[3] Wash hands up to elbows;[3] Wash hands up to elbows;[4] Wipe the head;[4] Wipe the head;[5] Wash feet up to ankles;[5] Wash feet up to ankles;[6] In accordance with correct sequence ([6] In accordance with correct sequence (TARTIBTARTIB).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[1] Begin by reciting the “Basmalah”, wash hands up to wrists.[2] Rinse mouth by gargling; recommended to brush teeth & gum;insert water into nostril and cleanse.[3] Actual Wudhu’ begins when washing the face*, at which time onemust formulate intention in one’s heart/mind in a language thatone understands, e.g.:“I am performing this Wudhu’ for the sake of Allah.”* Face constitute area from top of forehead down to the chin, andwhole area between the ears.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  34. 34. DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[4] Then, wash the right hand up to the elbow, followed by the left.[5] The head is wipe with moistened hands, followed by wiping theears.[6] The feet is then wash up to the ankles, right foot first followed byleft – ensure water reaches in between toes and up the back ofthe heels.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. DETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAHDETAIL PERFORMANCE ACCORDING TO THE SUNNAH[a] Washing must follow sequence as stated in Q:5:7 – face, hands upto elbows, wipe head and then wash feet up to ankles.[b] It is recommended to use running tap water; but when usingwater in container, ensure that it is not unduly contaminated whenone uses it.[c] It is recommended that washing be done 3 times, although oncemay suffice.[d] Extending washing slightly beyond the stipulated area isrecommended.NOTE:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. 36Video Clip downloaded courtesy of AlHidayah Centre Portal (Perth)Video Clip downloaded courtesy of AlHidayah Centre Portal (Perth)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. The following may cause wudhu’ to be nullified in which case,wudhu’ has to be re-taken before one can perform Swolah:[1] when impurities proceed from the ‘two lower openings’ viz. Stool,[1] when impurities proceed from the ‘two lower openings’ viz. Stool,gas, worm, urine, seminal or prostatic fluid (gas, worm, urine, seminal or prostatic fluid (madzimadzi););[2] when one looses consciousness through sleep, drowsiness,[2] when one looses consciousness through sleep, drowsiness,fainting, etc.;fainting, etc.;[3] when one touches, with the bare palm of the hands, any genitals[3] when one touches, with the bare palm of the hands, any genitalsincluding one’s own;including one’s own;[4] bare skin contact with person of the opposite gender whose[4] bare skin contact with person of the opposite gender whoserelationship is within marriageable degree.relationship is within marriageable degree.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  38. 38. ““And if ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand orAnd if ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand orearth and rub therewith your faces and hands.”earth and rub therewith your faces and hands.”((Qur’an: Al-Maa-idah: 5: 6Qur’an: Al-Maa-idah: 5: 6))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  39. 39.  In exceptional cases where water is not available or cannot beused, the alternative to an obligatory bath (ghusl’) and ablution(wudhu’) is TAYAMMUM (dry ablution using sand or dust). With intention, the palm of the hands are tapped on thesurface of sand or earth, where there is fine dust. Blow any coarse sand away and then wipe the face with thepalms, top downwards, only once. Repeat the tapping the second time and wipe the two hands upto elbow, right and left (it must be done in this order.)THE EXCEPTIONHOW IS IT DONE ?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  40. 40. ””O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every timeO children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every timeand place of prayer”and place of prayer”((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 31Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 31))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  41. 41. [1] One must ensure that the dress/attire used for swolah clean[1] One must ensure that the dress/attire used for swolah cleanfrom “from “najasatnajasat” (impurities).” (impurities).[2] For ladies, the area of coverage is the whole body except for[2] For ladies, the area of coverage is the whole body except forthe face and the palms of the hands – (shape of the womanthe face and the palms of the hands – (shape of the womanmust be concealed by wearing loose clothing).must be concealed by wearing loose clothing).[3] For men, the area between the navel and the knees must[3] For men, the area between the navel and the knees mustnot be exposed.not be exposed.[4] Of course the material used must not be transparent.[4] Of course the material used must not be transparent.[5] And the dress ‘ attire / matt used are obtained legally or[5] And the dress ‘ attire / matt used are obtained legally orfrom ‘from ‘halalhalal’ income or means.’ income or means.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  42. 42. ““(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pure and as a(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pure and as aplace for prostration (place for prostration (masjidanmasjidan); thus wherever a person finds himself to be,); thus wherever a person finds himself to be,let him perform his swolah at that place which he can find (himself to be).”let him perform his swolah at that place which he can find (himself to be).”((Hadith reported by Bukhary Muslim and AhmadHadith reported by Bukhary Muslim and Ahmad))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  43. 43.  All place that are clean and free from filth or impurities(najasah) can be used to perform swolah. No swolah ought to be performed in slaughter-house,garbage dump, toilet, stables, public access, or where itendanger ones life. Swolah cannot be performed on the roof of the Ka’bahor on a grave.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  44. 44. ““ set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined onset up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined onbelievers at stated times.”believers at stated times.”((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  45. 45.  Subuh – or Fajr - from dawn until the sun begins to rise Zuhr – beginning of the afternoon, when the noon sun shiftto begin casting shadow upon an object; and it ends when‘Asr starts. ‘Asr – begins when the shadow of an object equals and beginto exceed its length. It will end when the sun begins to setupon the horizon. Maghrib – after the sun has completely vanished beyond thehorizon and sky is casted with glow of dusk. It ends whenIsha’ begins. Isha’ – nightfall, will last till Fajr arrive.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  46. 46. ““But there came after them successors who neglectedBut there came after them successors who neglectedprayer (prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH) and pursued desires; so they are) and pursued desires; so they aregoing to meet evil (Destruction)― “going to meet evil (Destruction)― “((Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  47. 47. ““ O ye who believe! let not your riches or yourO ye who believe! let not your riches or yourchildren divert you from the remembrance of Allah.children divert you from the remembrance of Allah.If any act thus, the loss is their own.”If any act thus, the loss is their own.”((Qur’an: Munaafiqun: 63: 9Qur’an: Munaafiqun: 63: 9))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  48. 48. “Between the man and disbelief (KUFR) isthe abandonment of the prayer (SWOLAH).”(Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu Dawud and Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  49. 49. ““The head of the matter isThe head of the matter is Al-IslamAl-Islam;;its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e.its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e. SwolahSwolah;;and its highest pinnacle isand its highest pinnacle is JihadJihad (striving with utmost)(striving with utmost)in the way of Allah.”in the way of Allah.”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  50. 50. ““TheThe SwolahSwolah is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it,establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it,destroys the religion.”destroys the religion.”((Hadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.aHadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.a.).)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  51. 51. ““Whoever forget to perform Swolah or (missedWhoever forget to perform Swolah or (misseddoing it because) of sleep, he is to perform itdoing it because) of sleep, he is to perform it(that swolah) whenever he remembers it.”(that swolah) whenever he remembers it.”((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  52. 52. ““Whoever forget (to perform) Swolah or wasWhoever forget (to perform) Swolah or wasmissed doing it because of being) asleep, hismissed doing it because of being) asleep, hisreparation (reparation (KAFARAKAFARA) is to perform it (that swolah)) is to perform it (that swolah)when he remembers it.”when he remembers it.”((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  53. 53. ““Whoever missed performing Swolah (within its time)Whoever missed performing Swolah (within its time)because of being asleep or have forgotten, the time for himbecause of being asleep or have forgotten, the time for himto do it (the missed swolah) is when he remembers about it.”to do it (the missed swolah) is when he remembers about it.”((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  55. 55. Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said: The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w.Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said: The Messenger of Allah s.a.a.w.used to combine (used to combine (JAMA’JAMA’) obligatory Swolah of Zuhr’) obligatory Swolah of Zuhr’with ‘Asr, Maghrib with ‘Isha’ (while domiciledwith ‘Asr, Maghrib with ‘Isha’ (while domiciled ** ) in) inMadinah without apparent reason (excusable) of fearMadinah without apparent reason (excusable) of fear((KHAUFKHAUF), or rain. He was then asked as to why did), or rain. He was then asked as to why didthese, and he replied :”So that (it becomes) a way outthese, and he replied :”So that (it becomes) a way out(to ease) my ummah (by setting this precedence).”(to ease) my ummah (by setting this precedence).”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))** Full raka’at withoutFull raka’at without QasrQasr (shortening) as this(shortening) as this QasrQasr only for travelers (only for travelers (musafirmusafir).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  56. 56. ““now shall We turn thee to anow shall We turn thee to a QiblahQiblah that shall please thee.that shall please thee.Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque;Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque;wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction.”wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 141Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 141))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  57. 57.  Whenever one is to perform the Swolah, the direction isWhenever one is to perform the Swolah, the direction istowards the most ancient House of Worship ever built for mankindtowards the most ancient House of Worship ever built for mankindi.e. The Ka’bah in Makkah.i.e. The Ka’bah in Makkah. If we are for example in Singapore, the direction to face isIf we are for example in Singapore, the direction to face istowards the north-West (291° clockwise on compass) –towards the north-West (291° clockwise on compass) –direction of Makkah vis-a-vis Singapore.direction of Makkah vis-a-vis Singapore. If uncertain, ask any Muslims domiciled in the country you areIf uncertain, ask any Muslims domiciled in the country you arein, or use your best judgement in orientating yourself.in, or use your best judgement in orientating yourself.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  58. 58. FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHCULTURE OF HYGEINE; CLEANLINESS;CULTURE OF HYGEINE; CLEANLINESS;MANAGEMENT OF PURITY OF WATERMANAGEMENT OF PURITY OF WATERWATER ENGINEERING, AQUA-DUCT,WATER ENGINEERING, AQUA-DUCT,FOUNTAINS, STREAMS, IRRIGATIONFOUNTAINS, STREAMS, IRRIGATIONBATHING , (HAMAM) BATHE HOUSESBATHING , (HAMAM) BATHE HOUSESSTATE OF PURITYAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  59. 59. MODEST DRESSING; ADDED TO VARIETY OF ETHNICITIES;MODEST DRESSING; ADDED TO VARIETY OF ETHNICITIES;FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHPROLIFERATION OF USE OF VARIOUS CLOTHESPROLIFERATION OF USE OF VARIOUS CLOTHES MODE OF DRESSINGAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  60. 60. FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHMOSQUES, RESPECT FOR ALL SURFACES ON THIS EARTH ,PLACEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  61. 61. FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHASTRONOMY, CHRONOMETER, PRAYER TIME-TABLE TIMEAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  62. 62. FIVEFIVEPRE-REQUISITESPRE-REQUISITESFOR SWOLAHFOR SWOLAHASTROLABE, COMPASSES, NAVIGATIONAL CHARTS, MAPS,DIERCTION AND ORIENTATION GUIDE.DIRECTIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)TO BE CONTINUED WITHTO BE CONTINUED WITH““PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAHPERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH””
  64. 64. "O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,"O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,and also (raise such) among my offspring (who establishand also (raise such) among my offspring (who establishregular Prayer) O our Lord! and accept Thou my Supplication.regular Prayer) O our Lord! and accept Thou my Supplication."O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― for me, my"O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― for me, myparents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that theparents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that theReckoning will be established!"Reckoning will be established!"((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40-41Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40-41))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  65. 65. ‘‘O AllO Allaah, make me of those who return to You often inh, make me of those who return to You often inrepentance and make me of those who remain clean and pure.’repentance and make me of those who remain clean and pure.’ALAA-HUM-MAJ-’AL-NEE MINAT-TAW-WAA-BEE-NAALAA-HUM-MAJ-’AL-NEE MINAT-TAW-WAA-BEE-NAWAJ-’AL-NEE MINAL-MUTA-WAJ-’AL-NEE MINAL-MUTA-TWTWAAH-HI-REEN.AAH-HI-REEN.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  66. 66. ‘‘How perfect You are O AllHow perfect You are O Allaah, and I praise You, I bear witnessh, and I praise You, I bear witnessthat none has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Yourthat none has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Yourforgiveness and turn in repentance to You.’forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.’SUB-SUB-HHAA – NA- KAL-LAA-HUM-MA - WA-BIAA – NA- KAL-LAA-HUM-MA - WA-BIHHAM-DIKAAM-DIKAASH-HADU AN – LAA – ILAA-HA IL-LAA – ANTAASH-HADU AN – LAA – ILAA-HA IL-LAA – ANTAAS-TAGH-FIRUKA - WA-A-TUU-BU -ILAYK.AS-TAGH-FIRUKA - WA-A-TUU-BU -ILAYK.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  67. 67. ““(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations ofAllah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance withAllah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance withwhat he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”JAZALLAA-HU ‘AN-NAA MUJAZALLAA-HU ‘AN-NAA MUHHAM-MADANAM-MADAN SWSWOL-LAL-LAAHUOL-LAL-LAAHU‘‘ALAY-HI WA- AA-LIHI WA-SAL-LA-MA – MAA HU-WA AH-LUHUALAY-HI WA- AA-LIHI WA-SAL-LA-MA – MAA HU-WA AH-LUHUAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  68. 68. ““And may the Salutations of Allah and peace be uponAnd may the Salutations of Allah and peace be uponour Leader Muhammadour Leader Muhammadand his family and Companions.and his family and Companions.And all praises belongs to Allah,And all praises belongs to Allah,Lord Sustainer of the worlds.”Lord Sustainer of the worlds.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  69. 69. ””Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromGlory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromwhat they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! Andwhat they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! Andpraise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  70. 70. 70http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All welcome to visit my web-blogAll welcome to visit my web-blogAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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