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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 11[a]-arkaan-ul-islam-swolah(part 1)-(10-may-2013)

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 11[a]-arkaan-ul-islam-swolah(part 1)-(10-may-2013)

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ain in English for Adultsconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILLESSON #11[a]LESSON #11[a]Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE AREFRESHER COURSE FORREFRESHER COURSE FORMUSLIM PARENTS,MUSLIM PARENTS,EDUCATORS, INEDUCATORS, INCONTEMPORARYCONTEMPORARYSINGAPORE.SINGAPORE.OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL1UPDATED 10 MAY 2013UPDATED 10 MAY 2013Every Friday night @Every Friday night @8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pmWisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450Changi Road,Changi Road,#02-00 next to#02-00 next toMasjid KassimMasjid Kassim““ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”Pillars of Islam (Submission)Pillars of Islam (Submission)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULSWOLAHSWOLAH(OBLIGATORY DAILY PRAYER)(OBLIGATORY DAILY PRAYER)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)For further information andFor further information andregistration contact Eregistration contact E -mail :-mail :ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comor +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam””2IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refersto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, LordSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there isSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there isnone besides Allah.none besides Allah.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethePraised OnePraised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaitedthe servant and Messenger of Allah, the AwaitedSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be noSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be nomore prophet sent.more prophet sent.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Islam][Islam]SubmissionSubmissionObedienceObediencePracticePracticeFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith ismere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANwhich essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionto the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7. THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  8. 8. ““Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While allDo they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While allcreatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling,creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling,bowed to His Will (accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all bebowed to His Will (accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all bebrought back.”brought back.”((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  10. 10. “Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), andstand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thoutheir vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book whichAllah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justlybetween you. Allah is Our Lord and your Lord. For us (isthe responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you for yourdeeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allahwill bring us together, and to Him is (Our) final goal.”(Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 15)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  11. 11. The word “The word “IslamIslam” - literally means “” - literally means “surrendersurrender;;submissionsubmission”. When added with the prefix “”. When added with the prefix “alal” ( definite” ( definitearticle“tarticle“thehe” - to denote a name) it refers to the essential traits of” - to denote a name) it refers to the essential traits ofthis religion signifying an external manifestation of one’s innerthis religion signifying an external manifestation of one’s innerconviction, belief (conviction, belief (iimaniiman) towards “) towards “obedience to the will ofobedience to the will ofAllahAllah”.”.The true meaning of “The true meaning of “believebelieve” or “” or “iimaniiman”” is :is :““to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (QolbQolb););and declare with one’s tongue,and declare with one’s tongue,and practice deeds in accordance with its pillarsand practice deeds in accordance with its pillars””All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  12. 12. So “So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s willhow does one begin to submit to Allah’s will”?”?This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.in what is referred to as :in what is referred to as :the Pillars of Islamthe Pillars of Islam((Arkaan-ul-IslaamArkaan-ul-Islaam).).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. THE secondTHE second PILLAR OF ISLAMPILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOIN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18. And (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children ofAnd (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children ofAdam― from their loins― their descendants, and made themAdam― from their loins― their descendants, and made themtestify concerning themselves, (saying):testify concerning themselves, (saying):""Am I not your LordAm I not your Lord ((ROBBROBB-Who cherishes and sustains-Who cherishes and sustainsyou)?“― They said:you)?“― They said: "Yea! we do testify!“"Yea! we do testify!“(This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this we(This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this wewere unaware.”were unaware.”((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  20. 20. ““ I have only created jinns and menI have only created jinns and men, that they may serve, that they may serve((worshipworship) Me –) Me – LIYA’-BU-DUUNLIYA’-BU-DUUN. No sustenance do I require. No sustenance do I requireof them nor do I require that they should feed Me. Forof them nor do I require that they should feed Me. ForAllah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power,Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power,Steadfast (forever).”Steadfast (forever).”((Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)““O mankindO mankind, worship your Lord (, worship your Lord (A’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUMA’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUM), who), whocreated you and those before you, that you may becomecreated you and those before you, that you may becomerighteous (or god-fearing -righteous (or god-fearing - TAT-TA-QUUUNTAT-TA-QUUUN) -) -[He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky[He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the skya ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought fortha ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forththereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allahthereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allahequals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].”equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].”((Qur’an:Baqarah: 2: 21-22Qur’an:Baqarah: 2: 21-22))
  23. 23. Unlike some other religion where worship entails offeringsUnlike some other religion where worship entails offeringsto their ‘deities’ on altars, in Islam Allah s.w.t. isto their ‘deities’ on altars, in Islam Allah s.w.t. isreminding us that He has no need for us, whereas we allreminding us that He has no need for us, whereas we allstand in need of Him.stand in need of Him.In truth, it is Allah s.w.t. Who sustains, nourishes andIn truth, it is Allah s.w.t. Who sustains, nourishes andcontinuously provides for us.continuously provides for us.Shouldn’t we be grateful?Shouldn’t we be grateful?What do you think would be the repercussion towardsWhat do you think would be the repercussion towardsthose who are ungrateful? Shouldn’t we fear?those who are ungrateful? Shouldn’t we fear?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. From the word root “From the word root “WAU-QAF-YAWAU-QAF-YA” - we have:” - we have:““WI-QAA-YAWI-QAA-YA” meaning – “” meaning – “to safeguard; shelter; shield;to safeguard; shelter; shield;take care from; precaution; avert; etc.take care from; precaution; avert; etc.””Thus the implication is “Thus the implication is “to have regard or being conscious of Allahto have regard or being conscious of Allahsuch that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselvessuch that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselvesand our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath andand our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath andpunishmentpunishment..””TAQWATAQWAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  25. 25. The usual translation into English isThe usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’‘reverential fear of Allah’,,which may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding ofwhich may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding ofthis term still evades many. I prefer to use termthis term still evades many. I prefer to use term “the“the‘‘consciousness of Allah’consciousness of Allah’,, which entails factors which lead to truewhich entails factors which lead to trueobedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. -obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. -obedience to what Allah ordered and staying away from whatobedience to what Allah ordered and staying away from whatAllah forbade.Allah forbade.TAQWATAQWAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  26. 26. If you are wearing anoverflowing robe, howwould you walk throughupon a road full ofbushes of thorns ?# ۱PARABLEOF WALKING INTHORNYPATHWAYAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  27. 27. It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it?2 metres# ۲Suppose youare shownthis lightedpath ….PARABLEOF‘ACROPHOBIA’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  28. 28. But now knowing the reality of whereyou really are, how would you be walking upon it?2 metres# ۲PARABLEOF‘ACROPHOBIA’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29. "Verily I am Allah: there is no god but I: ("Verily I am Allah: there is no god but I: (FA’-BUD-NEEFA’-BUD-NEE))so serve thou Me, (only) and establish regular prayerso serve thou Me, (only) and establish regular prayer((SwolahSwolah) for) for My RemembranceMy Remembrance.”.”((Qur’an: TaHa: 20:14Qur’an: TaHa: 20:14))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  30. 30. • “Man” – ‘ insaan ’ is prone to“forgetfulness” - ‘nis-yaan’.• Here (As-Swolah), is the remedy lest we becomeforgetful and heedless !All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  31. 31. • Are we not the servant / slave of Allah?• If so, then how do we serve or worship Him?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  32. 32. • Commandment – - means “to establish,put upright or erect, build, ” which shares thesame root as the word – - meaning:• “straightness; sincerity; rectitude; integrity, true;authentic, consistent,” etc.• And ‘Swolah’ is prescribed as the basis (pillars) forour daily ‘remembrance’ of our ROBB (Lord, God,Sustainer).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  34. 34. ““IfIf anyone withdraws himself from remembranceanyone withdraws himself from remembranceof Most Graciousof Most Gracious, We appoint for him an, We appoint for him an evil oneevil oneto be an intimate companion to him (to be an intimate companion to him (QOREENQOREEN).).Such (evil ones) reallySuch (evil ones) really hinder them from the Pathhinder them from the Pathbut they think that they are being guided aright! “but they think that they are being guided aright! “((Qur’an: Zukhruf: 49: 36-37Qur’an: Zukhruf: 49: 36-37))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. • It is clear that Muslims who do not uphold andconsistently perform their obligatory Swolahinevitably fall prey into following Satan’sfootsteps, drawn into sins, due to the temptationsand the glitters of the love for the world.• To help any Muslims in whatever problems theyface, reminding them to keep to fulfilling theirmost important obligation – Swolah – is crucial.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. ““ Enjoin prayer (SWOLAH) on thy people (family),Enjoin prayer (SWOLAH) on thy people (family),and be patient and constant thereinand be patient and constant therein. We ask thee. We ask theenot to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee.not to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee.But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is forBut the (fruit of) the Hereafter is forRighteousness.”Righteousness.”((Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 132Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 132))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  38. 38. Such is the importance ofSuch is the importance of SwolahSwolah that we arethat we areto enjoin it upon our family too, no matter if itto enjoin it upon our family too, no matter if itmay be difficult, we have to patiently strivemay be difficult, we have to patiently striveupon this – not to be complacent nor lax.upon this – not to be complacent nor lax.Allah SWT also gave us a warning – which weAllah SWT also gave us a warning – which weall must be fearful of being afflicted :all must be fearful of being afflicted :All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  39. 39. ““But there came after them successors who neglectedBut there came after them successors who neglectedprayer (prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH) and pursued desires; so they are) and pursued desires; so they aregoing to meet evil (Destruction)― “going to meet evil (Destruction)― “((Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  40. 40. ““But after them there followed a posterity who missedBut after them there followed a posterity who missedprayers (prayers (swolahswolah) and followed after lusts: soon, then) and followed after lusts: soon, thenwill they face Destruction― “will they face Destruction― “((Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59))WE SEEK REFUGE IN ALLAH FROM THIS !WE SEEK REFUGE IN ALLAH FROM THIS !All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  41. 41. This ‘This ‘SwolahSwolah’ in fact is the Allah’s gift of’ in fact is the Allah’s gift ofspiritual nourishment for our own soul andspiritual nourishment for our own soul andeternal well-being. We will reap from its benefiteternal well-being. We will reap from its benefitin this world and shall fully benefit from itsin this world and shall fully benefit from itsfruits (of eternal reward) in the Hereafter.fruits (of eternal reward) in the Hereafter.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  42. 42. ““The head of the matter isThe head of the matter is Al-IslamAl-Islam;;its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e.its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e. SwolahSwolah;;and its highest pinnacle isand its highest pinnacle is JihadJihad (striving with utmost)(striving with utmost)in the way of Allah.”in the way of Allah.”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  43. 43. ““TheThe SwolahSwolah is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it,establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it,destroys the religion.”destroys the religion.”((Hadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.aHadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.a.).)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  45. 45. ““O You who are leaders !O You who are leaders ! Verily, I consider to be theVerily, I consider to be themost important duty (of leaders) , which must bemost important duty (of leaders) , which must becarried out diligently, is : in the matter ofcarried out diligently, is : in the matter of SWOLAHSWOLAH..Whosoever neglects his (duty of)Whosoever neglects his (duty of) SwolahSwolah, more so, more sowould he neglect his other duties. There is no share (ofwould he neglect his other duties. There is no share (ofgoodness) in Islam for those who discardgoodness) in Islam for those who discard As-SwolahAs-Swolah””(Hadith reported by Malik)(Hadith reported by Malik)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  46. 46. “Between the man and disbelief (KUFR) isthe abandonment of the prayer (SWOLAH).”(Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu Dawud and Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  47. 47. ““ And be ye not like those who forgot Allah; and HeAnd be ye not like those who forgot Allah; and Hemade them forget their own selves (souls)! Such are themade them forget their own selves (souls)! Such are therebellious transgressors (rebellious transgressors (FAASIQUNFAASIQUN)!”)!”((Qur’an: Hashr: 59:19Qur’an: Hashr: 59:19))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  48. 48. ““Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and theNot equal are the Companions of the Fire and theCompanions of the Garden: it is the Companions ofCompanions of the Garden: it is the Companions ofthe Garden, that will achieve Felicity.”the Garden, that will achieve Felicity.”((Qur’an: Hashr: 59:20Qur’an: Hashr: 59:20))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  49. 49. 49Most often “SWOLAH” is translated as “prayer” – but this isMost often “SWOLAH” is translated as “prayer” – but this isnot accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer:not accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer:[a] Non-specific prayer, communicating with Allah[a] Non-specific prayer, communicating with Allahto make requests, supplication etc. termed “du’a”.to make requests, supplication etc. termed “du’a”.Can be said in any language, at any time and onCan be said in any language, at any time and onany occasion.any occasion.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  50. 50. 50Most often “SWOLAH” is translated as “prayer” – but this isMost often “SWOLAH” is translated as “prayer” – but this isnot accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer:not accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer:[b] Specific form of devotion or prayer termed[b] Specific form of devotion or prayer termed““SWOLAHSWOLAH” :” :a prescribed form of worship as shown by thea prescribed form of worship as shown by theProphet Muhammad [pbuh] comprising of:Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] comprising of:(1)(1) Intention ;Intention ; (2)(2) Recitation; andRecitation; and(3)(3) Action or postures.Action or postures.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  51. 51. ““(Establish you)(Establish you) SwolahSwolah (in the way or manner which)(in the way or manner which)you see me (do the)you see me (do the) swolahswolah.”.”((Hadith narrated by Bukhary and MuslimHadith narrated by Bukhary and Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  52. 52. ““ set up regular prayers (set up regular prayers (SwolahSwolah) : for such prayers () : for such prayers (SwolahSwolah))are enjoined on believers at stated times.”are enjoined on believers at stated times.”((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  53. 53. There are 5 obligatoryThere are 5 obligatory SwolahSwolah daily:daily:[1][1] SubuhSubuh oror FajrFajr (at dawn)(at dawn)[2][2] ZuhrZuhr (mid-afternoon)(mid-afternoon)[3][3] ‘Asr‘Asr (late-afternoon)(late-afternoon)[4][4] MaghribMaghrib (after sunset)(after sunset)[5][5] Isha’Isha’ (night)(night)53All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  54. 54. 54Ta’rifTa’rif (definition)(definition)From the point of view ofFrom the point of view of SyaraSyara’ (legal) which is descriptive:’ (legal) which is descriptive:““It consists of some recitations and actions, beginning withIt consists of some recitations and actions, beginning withglorification (glorification (TakbirTakbir), and is concluded with), and is concluded with SalaamSalaam (greeting of(greeting ofPeace) – with which we worship Allah (formal devotion) byPeace) – with which we worship Allah (formal devotion) bycomplying with all its fixed conditions.”complying with all its fixed conditions.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  55. 55. 55Ta’rifTa’rif (definition)(definition)Its “Its “HaqiqatHaqiqat” (Reality) is defined as:” (Reality) is defined as:““ Presenting our entire self to Allah, with reverential fear towardsPresenting our entire self to Allah, with reverential fear towardsHim, as well as instilling in our self, sense of esteem towards HisHim, as well as instilling in our self, sense of esteem towards HisGlory and Greatness, as well as towards His Absolute and PerfectGlory and Greatness, as well as towards His Absolute and PerfectPower”Power”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  56. 56. 56Ta’rifTa’rif (definition)(definition)““Ruh al-SwolahRuh al-Swolah” i.e. the Essence or Spirit of” i.e. the Essence or Spirit of SwolahSwolah is definedis defined::””Communion (Communion (TawajjuhTawajjuh) of our entire self, with) of our entire self, with hopehope andand completecompletereliancereliance towards Allah, withtowards Allah, with humilithumility in His presence andy in His presence and sinceritysincerity,,be it in ourbe it in our DzikrDzikr (utterances of His remembrance),(utterances of His remembrance), Du’aDu’a(supplications) and praises ((supplications) and praises (GlorificationGlorification of Him).”of Him).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  57. 57. 57“Swolah” is such a special act of devotion,because:[a] Its commandment bestowed through a special miracle –Isra’ wal- Mi’raj.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  58. 58. 58“Swolah” is such a special act of devotion,because:[b] It encapsulates every acts of worship performedespecially by the angels.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  59. 59. 59“Swolah” is such a special act of devotion,because:[c] It is an intimate and personal communion, as a responseto the invitation to have audience with the Compassionateand Merciful, Lord of all creation – directly, without anyintermediary.Shouldn’t we cherish and honour this privilege and pricelessopportunity which Allah Himself has granted upon usMuslims (only) through our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. ?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  60. 60. 60“Swolah” is such a special act of devotion,because:[d] Amongst its miracle is that, there is consensus amongst[d] Amongst its miracle is that, there is consensus amongstevery Muslim regarding how generally it is to be performed,every Muslim regarding how generally it is to be performed,and the teaching of it has beenand the teaching of it has been continuously upheld andcontinuously upheld andtransmittedtransmitted through an unbroken chain in every generationthrough an unbroken chain in every generationof Muslims, since our Prophet’s time. Others do not haveof Muslims, since our Prophet’s time. Others do not havesuch devotions as this – and is constantly being manifestedsuch devotions as this – and is constantly being manifesteddaily as symbol of Muslims’ adherence to “daily as symbol of Muslims’ adherence to “Al-IslamAl-Islam”.”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  61. 61. 61““SwolahSwolah” is such a special act of devotion,” is such a special act of devotion,because:because:[e] And thus there is not one single moment, but there will[e] And thus there is not one single moment, but there willalways be Muslims engaged in Swolahalways be Muslims engaged in Swolah on this earth. Whenon this earth. Whenwe consider only the “we consider only the “ADZANADZAN” (call to prayer) alone, we’ll be” (call to prayer) alone, we’ll beamazed that as an observable phenomenon, it is proclaimedamazed that as an observable phenomenon, it is proclaimedright across the globe from East to West, continuously fromright across the globe from East to West, continuously fromone time-zone to the next, as the day and night unwind.one time-zone to the next, as the day and night unwind.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  62. 62. 62““SwolahSwolah” is such a special act of devotion,” is such a special act of devotion,because:because:[f] It is in a Muslim[f] It is in a Muslim swolahswolah that the manner of worship tothat the manner of worship toGod is truly reflected as similar to that of previous ProphetsGod is truly reflected as similar to that of previous Prophetsbefore Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w., –before Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w., – standing, bowing,standing, bowing,prostratingprostrating etc. which serves also, as effective reminder toetc. which serves also, as effective reminder tothe People of the Book and others.the People of the Book and others.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  63. 63. 63Abraham a.s. is recorded to have prayed. And themanner of his praying was described in the Bible:“Then Abram (Abraham) fell onhis face …”(Genesis : 17 : 3)CORROBORATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  64. 64. 64Moses and Aaron a.s. is recorded to have prayed.And the manner of his praying was described in theBible:“Then Moses and Aaron went fromthe presence of the assembly to thedoor of the tent of meeting, and fellon their faces …”(Numbers 20: 6)CORROBORATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  65. 65. 65Jesus a.s. is recorded to have prayed. And themanner of his praying was described in the Bible:“Then Jesus went with them to a place calledGethsemane, and he said to his disciples, ‘Sit herewhile I go yonder to pray….. And going a littlefarther he fell on his face and prayed, ‘My Father, ifit be possible, let this cup pass from me;nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt’ ”(Mathew:26:36-40)CORROBORATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  66. 66. 66““SwolahSwolah” is such a special act of devotion,” is such a special act of devotion,because:because:[g] Although preferably[g] Although preferably swolahswolah is to be performed inis to be performed incongregation in mosques, yet it can actually be performedcongregation in mosques, yet it can actually be performedby Muslimsby Muslims anywhere on earthanywhere on earth, as long as the place is free, as long as the place is freeof filth and does not cause harm or impede the rights ofof filth and does not cause harm or impede the rights ofothers.others.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  67. 67. 67“Swolah” is such a special act of devotion,because:[h] Through it, Allah s.w.t. guarantees His divine helpleading to real success for those who patiently persevere inAllah’s way and guard it, as revealed in the Qur’an:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  68. 68. “Nay seek (Allahs) help with patient perseverance (SwOBR’)and prayer (SWOLAH): it is indeed hard, except to those whoare humble (KHAA-SHI-’EEN).”(Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 45)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  69. 69. ““And establish Regular Prayer (And establish Regular Prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH) : for Prayer) : for Prayerrestrains from shameful and unjust deeds; andrestrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and((DZIKRULLAHDZIKRULLAH) remembrance of Allah is the greatest) remembrance of Allah is the greatest(thing in life) without doubt.”(thing in life) without doubt.”((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 45Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 45))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  71. 71. ““And thus have We willed you to be a communityAnd thus have We willed you to be a communityof the middle way (of the middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e.) [i.e.justly balanced], so that [justly balanced], so that [with your liveswith your lives] you] youmight bear witness to the truth before allmight bear witness to the truth before allmankind (mankind (SHUHADAA-A ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and theMessenger as a witness over you..... “Messenger as a witness over you..... “((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  73. 73. ““Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those whoMuhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those whoare with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but)are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but)compassionate amongst each other.compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see thThou wilt see themem((RUKU’RUKU’) bow and () bow and (SUJD’SUJD’) prostrate themselves (in prayer)) prostrate themselves (in prayer)seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. Onseeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. Ontheir faces are their marks, (being) the traces of theirtheir faces are their marks, (being) the traces of theirprostration....”prostration....”((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 29Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 29))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  75. 75. ““... This is their similitude in the Torah; and their... This is their similitude in the Torah; and theirsimilitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forthsimilitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forthits blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thickits blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thickand it stands on its own stem (filling) the sower withand it stands on its own stem (filling) the sower withwonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelieverswonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelieverswith rage at him. Allah has promised those amongwith rage at him. Allah has promised those amongthem who believe and do righteous deeds Forgivenessthem who believe and do righteous deeds Forgivenessand a great Reward..”and a great Reward..”((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 29Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 29))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  78. 78. “ ... and We appointed the Qiblah to which thou wast used,only to test those who followed the Messenger from thosewho would turn on their heels (from the faith).Indeed it was (a change) momentous (a grievous or heavything) except to those guided by Allah. And never wouldAllah make your faith of no effect.For Allah is to all people most surely full of kindness, MostMerciful..“(Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  79. 79. KA’ABAKA’ABAIn BAKKA (MAKKAH)In BAKKA (MAKKAH)AFRICAAFRICAEUROPEEUROPEASIAASIAFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  80. 80. KA’ABAKA’ABAIn BAKKA (MAKKAH)In BAKKA (MAKKAH)AFRICAAFRICAEUROPEEUROPEASIAASIAFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  81. 81. KA’ABAKA’ABAIn BAKKA (MAKKAH)In BAKKA (MAKKAH)AFRICAAFRICAEUROPEEUROPEASIAASIAFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTFOCUS ON THE MIDDLE-EASTCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGCROSS-ROAD CONNECTINGTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSTHREE MAJOR CONTINENTSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  82. 82. “The Believers must (eventually) win through (i.e. tobecome truly successful: FALAH) . Those who humblethemselves (KHAA-SHI’UUN) in their prayers (SWOLAH); “(Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 1-2)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  83. 83. ““And who (strictly) guard their prayers (SWOLAH).”((Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 9Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 9))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  85. 85. ““The first deeds of the servant of Allah that will beThe first deeds of the servant of Allah that will bechecked and accounted for on Judgement Day will bechecked and accounted for on Judgement Day will behis ‘his ‘SWOLAHSWOLAH’, it will be thoroughly looked at. If it is’, it will be thoroughly looked at. If it isfound to be good, then he would be deemedfound to be good, then he would be deemedsuccessful; but if it is found to be wanting (deficient),successful; but if it is found to be wanting (deficient),then all his (other) deeds would be deemed useless andthen all his (other) deeds would be deemed useless and(he would become) a loser.”(he would become) a loser.”((Hadith reported by At- Tabrany from Anas r.a.Hadith reported by At- Tabrany from Anas r.a.))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  86. 86. “(What separates) Between a person and disbelief (KUFR),is the discarding or the abandonment of (his performingthe obligatory prayer) SWOLAH”(Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu Dawud and Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  87. 87. Once the Prophet [pbuh] asked his companions “Do youOnce the Prophet [pbuh] asked his companions “Do youbelieve that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times abelieve that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times aday in a stream running in front of his door?” “No!” repliedday in a stream running in front of his door?” “No!” repliedthe companions, “No dirt can remain on his body.”the companions, “No dirt can remain on his body.”The Prophet [pbuh] then remarked, “So exactly similar is theThe Prophet [pbuh] then remarked, “So exactly similar is theeffect ofeffect of SWOLAHSWOLAH offered five times a day. With the Grace ofoffered five times a day. With the Grace ofAllah, it washes away all the sins …”Allah, it washes away all the sins …”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))87All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  88. 88. “… Verily the five (obligatory prayer)he five (obligatory prayer) SWOLAHSWOLAH removesremovessins in the same way that water removes the filth.”sins in the same way that water removes the filth.”((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  90. 90. ””Truly AllahTruly Allah lovesloves those who turn unto Him, andthose who turn unto Him, and lovesloves thosethosewho have a care for cleanliness (purity). “who have a care for cleanliness (purity). “((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  91. 91. ”” O children of Adam!O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparelwear your beautiful apparel atatevery time and place of prostration (i.e.every time and place of prostration (i.e. MASJIDINMASJIDIN ). ”). ”((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 31Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 31))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  92. 92. ““(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pure(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pureand as a place for prostration (and as a place for prostration (masjidanmasjidan); thus wherever a); thus wherever aperson finds himself to be, let him perform hisperson finds himself to be, let him perform his swolahswolah at thatat thatplace which he can find (himself to be).”place which he can find (himself to be).”((Hadith reported by Bukhary Muslim and AhmadHadith reported by Bukhary Muslim and Ahmad))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  93. 93. “ set up regular prayers (SWOLAH): for such prayers areenjoined on believers at stated times (MAWQUUTA).”(Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  94. 94. ““now shall We turn thee to a direction (now shall We turn thee to a direction ( QIBLAHQIBLAH ) that shall please) that shall pleasethee. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (inthee. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (inMakkah); wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction.”Makkah); wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 141Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 141))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  95. 95. LAA – HAU-LA - WA-LAALAA – HAU-LA - WA-LAAQUW-WATA IL-LA BIL-LAAHQUW-WATA IL-LA BIL-LAAH‘‘There is no strength nor powerThere is no strength nor powerexcept with Allexcept with Allaah.’h.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  96. 96. "O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,"O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer,and also (raise such) among my offspring (who establishand also (raise such) among my offspring (who establishregular Prayer) O our Lord! and accept Thou my Supplication.regular Prayer) O our Lord! and accept Thou my Supplication."O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― for me, my"O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― for me, myparents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that theparents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that theReckoning will be established!"Reckoning will be established!"((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40-41Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40-41))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  97. 97. "Our Lord! Grant unto us spouses and offspring who will be"Our Lord! Grant unto us spouses and offspring who will bethe comfort of our eyes and give us (the grace) to lead thethe comfort of our eyes and give us (the grace) to lead therighteous."righteous."((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 74Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 74))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  98. 98. ““And may the Salutations of Allah and peace be upon ourAnd may the Salutations of Allah and peace be upon ourLeader MuhammadLeader Muhammadand his family and Companions.and his family and Companions.And all praises belongs to Allah,And all praises belongs to Allah,Lord Sustainer of the worlds.”Lord Sustainer of the worlds.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  99. 99. 99http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All welcome to visit my web-blogAll welcome to visit my web-blogAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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