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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(batch#15-january-2016)lesson-#1b -contin'd- (introdn-b)-5-february-2016

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“Brief Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad.”

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(batch#15-january-2016)lesson-#1b -contin'd- (introdn-b)-5-february-2016

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English forLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsAdults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” FROM FIRST LESSON SLIDES (contn’d) 18 weekly class starting: 22 JANUARY 2016 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim For further information and registrationFor further information and registration contact Econtact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 BATCH # 15 -JANUAY 2016 INTAKEBATCH # 15 -JANUAY 2016 INTAKE UPDATED 29 JANUARY 2016UPDATED 29 JANUARY 2016 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION LESSON # 1B LESSON # 1B
  2. 2. How would you respond to basic questions regarding your religion? IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  3. 3. “AD-DEEN” - usually translated as “the religion” more accurately it should be “a total way of life or a comprehensive system of living”  a Muslim regard his/her entire life as a religious experience. Islam provides for guidance in, not only matters of worship, but as to how he/she is to conduct oneself in daily matters - be it social, economic etc. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  4. 4. “ISLAM” – “(peaceful) submission and obedience to God”  name and description of the religion revealed by God, since Adam a.s. and then on continuously established by many prophets and it culminated with Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. being the last in the line of prophethood. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  5. 5. “MUSLIM” - literally it means “one who submits and obey, willingly surrenders to the will of God”  it refers to followers of Islam, which now numbers over 1.8 billion people of diverse race and nationality. It is wrong and in bad taste to refer to them as “Muhammadan ” or “Mussalman ” FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  6. 6. “ALLAH” - the name of God in Arabic. It refers to the One and only God of the Universe.  In Arabic it is in a proper noun, the name which has no equivalent in other non-Semitic language. “Allah is the Unique, the Absolute One having no partners, Creator and Lord (Sustainer) of the Universe.” FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  7. 7. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  8. 8. ““AND THEY say, "Be Jews" - or, "Christians" - and youAND THEY say, "Be Jews" - or, "Christians" - and you shall be on the right path."shall be on the right path." Say : "Say : "Nay, but [ours is] the creed of AbrahamNay, but [ours is] the creed of Abraham, who, who turned away from all that is false, and was not of thoseturned away from all that is false, and was not of those who ascribe divinity to aught besides God (Allah).who ascribe divinity to aught besides God (Allah).”” ((Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135)) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  9. 9. 9 ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  10. 10. 10 ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) Important historical personality recognisedImportant historical personality recognised by Jews, Christians and Muslims today.by Jews, Christians and Muslims today. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  11. 11. BRIEF ANCIENT HISTORYBRIEF ANCIENT HISTORY  Origin ofOrigin of Ka’abahKa’abah  The great Flood of theThe great Flood of the Prophet Nuh’s a.s. periodProphet Nuh’s a.s. period  Prophet Ibrahim a.s. – anProphet Ibrahim a.s. – an exemplary Muslim.exemplary Muslim. 11 FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  12. 12. 12 ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) (1st Born) ISHMAEL (Isma-’il) HE , TOGETHER WITH HIS MOTHER HAGAR, WERE BROUGHT INTO THE WILDERNESS OF PARAN (ARABIA) AND LEFT THERE. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  13. 13.  Origin of Ka’abah  The great Flood of the Prophet Nuh’s a.s. period  Prophet Ibrahim a.s. – an exemplary Muslim.  Significance of Bakkah (ancient name of Makkah) – History of its founding related to the blessed family of Prophet Ibrahim a.s. (Biblical Abraham). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  14. 14. IMPORTANT NOTE: The“IMPORTANT NOTE: The“QiblahQiblah” - direction” - direction All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  15. 15. IMPORTANT NOTE: The“IMPORTANT NOTE: The“QiblahQiblah” - direction” - direction ““And, lo, Abraham prayed: "And, lo, Abraham prayed: "O my Sustainer! Make thisO my Sustainer! Make this (Makkah) a land secure, and grant its people fruitful(Makkah) a land secure, and grant its people fruitful sustenancesustenance - such of them as believe in God and the Last- such of them as believe in God and the Last Day." [God] answered: "And whoever shall deny theDay." [God] answered: "And whoever shall deny the truth, him will I let enjoy himself for a short while -buttruth, him will I let enjoy himself for a short while -but in the end I shall drive him to suffering through fire: andin the end I shall drive him to suffering through fire: and how vile a journey's end!"how vile a journey's end!" ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 126Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 126)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  16. 16. 16 ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) (1st Born) ISHMAEL (Isma-’il) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  17. 17. 17 ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma-’il ) ISAAC ( Is-haq ) Unfortunately many Jews and Christians disputes the legitimate position of Ishmael. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  18. 18. ““After Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, Sara’i,After Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, Sara’i, Abram’s wifeAbram’s wife,, took Hagar the Egyptiantook Hagar the Egyptian, her maid, and, her maid, and gave her togave her to AbramAbram her husbandher husband as a wifeas a wife. And he went in to her and she. And he went in to her and she conceived ...”conceived ...” ((Genesis: 16: 3-4Genesis: 16: 3-4)) CONSIDER THIS .....CONSIDER THIS ..... FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  19. 19. From the founding of the well of “Zam-zam” in the valleyFrom the founding of the well of “Zam-zam” in the valley of Bakkah, it later grew to became known as Makkah to this day:of Bakkah, it later grew to became known as Makkah to this day: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  20. 20. BRIEF ANCIENT HISTORYBRIEF ANCIENT HISTORY 20 Significance of Bakkah (ancient name of Makkah) – History of its founding related to the blessed family of Prophet Ibrahim a.s. (Biblical Abraham) with Hagar and Ishmael. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  22. 22. ““Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a ChristianAbraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian, but he was true in, but he was true in faith andfaith and bowed his will to Allah'sbowed his will to Allah's (“(“HANEEFAN-MUSLIMANHANEEFAN-MUSLIMAN”” which is as a Muslim following a way of life ‘which is as a Muslim following a way of life ‘al-ISLAMal-ISLAM’) and he’) and he set not any as partners with Allah.”set not any as partners with Allah.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 67Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 67)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FROM PREVIOUS LESSON
  23. 23. Prophet Abraham prayer for the coming ofProphet Abraham prayer for the coming of MuhammadMuhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ from his descendent.from his descendent. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  24. 24. ““AndAnd who turns away from the religion of Abraham but suchwho turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls with folly?as debase their souls with folly? Him (Abraham) We choseHim (Abraham) We chose and rendered pure in this world: and he will be in theand rendered pure in this world: and he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous.Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous. Behold! His Lord said to him:Behold! His Lord said to him: "Submit (thy will to Me)""Submit (thy will to Me)" He said:He said: ""I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the universeI bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the universe.“.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:130-131Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:130-131)) Prophet Abraham prayer for the coming ofProphet Abraham prayer for the coming of MuhammadMuhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ from his descendent.from his descendent. ASLIM = “submit (command)” ASLAMTU = “I have submitted (verb)” AL-ISLAM = “the submission (proper noun)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  25. 25. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  26. 26. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Maseeh) (AWAITING THE FULFILMENT OF PATRIACH ABRAHAM’S PRAYER) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  27. 27. TO CONTINUE …..TO CONTINUE ….. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  28. 28. ““And remember that Abraham was tried by his Lord with certainAnd remember that Abraham was tried by his Lord with certain commands, which he fulfilled; He said: "I will make thee ancommands, which he fulfilled; He said: "I will make thee an ImamImam** toto the nationsthe nations." He pleaded: "And also (." He pleaded: "And also (anan ImamImam) from my offspring!") from my offspring!" He answered: "But my promise is not within the reach of evil-doers."He answered: "But my promise is not within the reach of evil-doers." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:124Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:124)) ImamImam** - Leader for mankind- Leader for mankindAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  29. 29. (Abraham said) "Our Lord! send amongst them(Abraham said) "Our Lord! send amongst them a Messengera Messenger of their ownof their own who shallwho shall rehearse Thy Signsrehearse Thy Signs to them andto them and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdominstruct them in Scripture and Wisdom, and, and purify thempurify them; for; for Thou art the Exalted in Might the Wise.“Thou art the Exalted in Might the Wise.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 129Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 129)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  30. 30. 30 Many Muslims scholars understands there is a verse reference to that Awaited Prophet being like Moses a.s. - as prophesized and recorded in the Old Testament Book of Deuteronomy 18 : 18 “I will raise up for them a prophet like unto you (O Moses) from amongst their brethren; and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.” ( Deuteronomy 18 : 18 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  31. 31. AT THE TIME OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AND JESUS, THE JEWSAT THE TIME OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AND JESUS, THE JEWS WEREWERE AWAITING FULFILMENT OF 3 THINGSAWAITING FULFILMENT OF 3 THINGS :: 1919 Now this was John’s testimony when the Jewish leadersNow this was John’s testimony when the Jewish leaders[[cc]] inin Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was.Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. 2020 He didHe did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the MessiahI am not the Messiah.”.” 2121 They asked him, “Then who are you?They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you ElijahAre you Elijah?”?” He said, “I am not.”He said, “I am not.” ““Are you the Prophet?Are you the Prophet?”” He answered, “No.”He answered, “No.” ( John 1: 19-21 ) New International Version (NIV) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  32. 32. 22 ”22 ” And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts,And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son ofand cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. 2323 But heBut he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besoughtanswered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. 2424 But heBut he answered and said,answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of theI am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israelhouse of Israel.”.” JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:.JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:. CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) (Matthew 15)
  33. 33. “Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets, I have come not to abolish but to fulfill. For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. * ” (Mathew:5:17) JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:.JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:. CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... *Emphasis seems to be concerning the completion of the ‘Law’. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  34. 34. “ But the * Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.” (John:14: 26) JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:.JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:. * ‘Counselor, the Holy Spirit’ – not as yet present at that time. CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  35. 35. ““ Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantageNevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away,that I go away, for if I do not go away, the * Counselorfor if I do not go away, the * Counselor will not come to youwill not come to you; but; but if I goif I go, I will send him to, I will send him to you.you. And when he comes, he will convince the worldAnd when he comes, he will convince the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgmentconcerning sin and righteousness and judgment:: ((John:16: 7-8John:16: 7-8)) JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:.JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:. * ‘Counselor, the Holy Spirit’ – not as yet present at that time. CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  36. 36. "I have"I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear themyet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.now. When theWhen the ** Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all theSpirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; fortruth; for he will not speak on his own authorityhe will not speak on his own authority, but, but whatever hewhatever he hears he will speakhears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare itcome. He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you”to you” JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:.JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID:. ‘Counselor, the Holy Spirit’ – not as yet present at that time. Not a Divine being because he does not have own authority, but depends upon what he will hear (i.e. revelation) from God. Therefore, has no connection with the Trinitarian Holy Ghost (spirit) of the Pauline dogma. ((John:16: 12-14John:16: 12-14)) CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  37. 37. ““Jesus says: ‘Jesus says: ‘Not everyone who says to me ‘Lord, LordNot everyone who says to me ‘Lord, Lord’’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, butshall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who doeshe who does the will of my Fatherthe will of my Father ** who is in heaven”who is in heaven” ((Matthew 7: 21Matthew 7: 21 )) WHAT WAS THE RELIGION PREACHED BY JESUS ..?WHAT WAS THE RELIGION PREACHED BY JESUS ..? ** NOTE : Arabic term ‘ISLAM’NOTE : Arabic term ‘ISLAM’ means “Submission to God’s Will ”means “Submission to God’s Will ” CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  38. 38. JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE PROPHESIZED TO THE JEWS:JESUS IS REPORTED TO HAVE PROPHESIZED TO THE JEWS: ““Jesus said to them :Jesus said to them : ‘‘Have you never read in the scriptures:Have you never read in the scriptures: ““The stone the builders rejected has become the capstoneThe stone the builders rejected has become the capstone”;”; The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes.The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes. ThereforeTherefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken awayI tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruitfrom you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he onHe who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.”whom it falls will be crushed.” ((Matthews: 21: 42-44Matthews: 21: 42-44)) CONSIDER ALSO THIS .....CONSIDER ALSO THIS ..... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  39. 39. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Maseeh) (AWAITING THE FULFILMENT OF PATRIACH ABRAHAM’S PRAYER) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  40. 40. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) (The Quraysh tribe in Mecca, direct descendants of Ishmael) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Maseeh) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  41. 41. “for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) JOHN THE BAPTIST (Yahya) MUHAMMAD (The chosen Seal of Prophethood) ADAM (other nations) NOAH (Nuh) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) JACOB (Ya’akub)) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL (Isma’il) ISAAC (Ishaq) JOSEPH (Yusuf) (The Quraysh tribe in Mecca, direct descendants of Ishmael) MOSES (Musa) DAVID (Dawud) ABRAHAM (Ibrahim) SOLOMON (Sulaiman) (many others amongst Israelite) JESUS CHRIST (‘Isa al-Maseeh) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  42. 42. ““Amongst all people, I am the nearest to Jesus son ofAmongst all people, I am the nearest to Jesus son of Mary in this world and the hereafter. The prophetsMary in this world and the hereafter. The prophets are paternal brothers, they have different mothersare paternal brothers, they have different mothers but their religion is one (and the same).”but their religion is one (and the same).” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  44. 44. ““The likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to thatThe likeness of me and the other Prophets is similar to that of a man who built a house and perfectly decorated it exceptof a man who built a house and perfectly decorated it except for a space of one brick. The people used to go round thisfor a space of one brick. The people used to go round this house, wonder and say, ‘If only this missing brick were puthouse, wonder and say, ‘If only this missing brick were put in!’in!’ Thus, I am that brick and I am the Last of the Prophets.”Thus, I am that brick and I am the Last of the Prophets.” ((Hadith agreed upon by Bukhary and MuslimHadith agreed upon by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  46. 46. ““O People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), thereO People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), there has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) makinghas come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of theclear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking muchScripture and overlooking much. There has come to you. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book. By which Allahfrom Allah a light and a clear Book. By which Allah guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways ofguides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darkness into the light,peace and brings them out from darkness into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.”by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 15-16Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 15-16)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  47. 47. History of Makkah and theHistory of Makkah and the Awaited Seal of ProphethoodAwaited Seal of Prophethood ... To proceed,... To proceed, inshaAllahinshaAllah !! 47All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  48. 48. ““Brief Seerah of theBrief Seerah of the ProphetProphet Muhammad.”Muhammad.” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  49. 49. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: • MAKKAH AND THE KA’ABAHMAKKAH AND THE KA’ABAH • YEAR OF THE ELEPHANTYEAR OF THE ELEPHANT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  50. 50. Major milestones in the SeerahMajor milestones in the Seerah:: • MAKKAH AND THE KA’ABAHMAKKAH AND THE KA’ABAH • YEAR OF THE ELEPHANTYEAR OF THE ELEPHANT ““Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the Companions of theSeest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the Companions of the Elephant? Did He not make their treacherous plan go astray?Elephant? Did He not make their treacherous plan go astray? And He sent against them flights of Birds,And He sent against them flights of Birds, Striking them with stones of baked clay.Striking them with stones of baked clay. Then did He make them like an empty field of stalks and straw,Then did He make them like an empty field of stalks and straw, (of which the corn) has been eaten up.”(of which the corn) has been eaten up.” ((Q: al-Fil: 105: 1-5Q: al-Fil: 105: 1-5)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  51. 51. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: HIS BIRTH & CHILDHOODHIS BIRTH & CHILDHOOD JOURNEY TOJOURNEY TO “SHAAM”“SHAAM” –– Meeting with monkMeeting with monk Bahira.Bahira. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  52. 52. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: HIS CHARACTERHIS CHARACTER ““Sadiq al-Ameen”Sadiq al-Ameen” HIS MARRIAGEHIS MARRIAGE Khadijah binte KhuwailidKhadijah binte Khuwailid All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  53. 53. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: FIRST REVELATIONFIRST REVELATION    Proclaim! (or Read!) in the name of thy LordProclaim! (or Read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created―and Cherisher, Who created― ((Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 1Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 1)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  54. 54. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: Created man, out of a (mere) clot ofCreated man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:congealed blood: ((Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 2Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 2)) FIRST REVELATIONFIRST REVELATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  55. 55. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah:    Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful―Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful― ((Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 3Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 3)) FIRST REVELATIONFIRST REVELATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  56. 56. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah:    He Who taught (the use of) the Pen―He Who taught (the use of) the Pen― ((Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 4Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 4)) FIRST REVELATIONFIRST REVELATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  57. 57. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: Taught man that which he knew not.Taught man that which he knew not. ((Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 5Qur’an: al-’Alaq: 96: 5)) FIRST REVELATIONFIRST REVELATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  58. 58. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““WARN THOSE WHO ARE NEAR”WARN THOSE WHO ARE NEAR” ““And warn (admonish) thy nearest kinsmen―”And warn (admonish) thy nearest kinsmen―” ((Q: Shuara: 26:214Q: Shuara: 26:214)) Meeting with Banu HashimMeeting with Banu Hashim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  59. 59. REJECTION BY QURAYSHREJECTION BY QURAYSH BEGINNING OF OPPRESSIONBEGINNING OF OPPRESSION ““DAR-AL-ARQAMDAR-AL-ARQAM”” Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  60. 60. THE 1THE 1STST HIJRAH –HIJRAH – Abyssinia and NegusAbyssinia and Negus Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  61. 61. THE QURAYSH “BOYCOTT”THE QURAYSH “BOYCOTT” YEAR OF SORROWYEAR OF SORROW Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  62. 62. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““(I ask You) O Allah! Guide my people(I ask You) O Allah! Guide my people for they do not know.”for they do not know.” • DA’WAH TO TA’IFDA’WAH TO TA’IF Muhammad’sMuhammad’s ‫ﷺ‬ Du’a forDu’a for those who rejected him.those who rejected him. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  63. 63. "Oh, my Allah! To Thee I raise my hand to complain of the feebleness of my strength, of my lack of resources and of my being unimportant in the eyes of people. Oh, Most Merciful of all those capable of showing mercy! You are the Robb ( Lord, Sustainer, Cherisher) of the weak, and You are my own Robb ( Lord , Sustainer, Cherisher). TLord , Sustainer, Cherisher). To whom are You going to entrust me to? To an unsympathetic folk who would sullenly frown at me, or to an alien to whom Thou hast given control over my affairs? Major milestones in theMajor milestones in the Seerah:Seerah: SNIPPETS FROM LIFE MISSION OF MUHAMMAD ‫ﷺ‬ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  64. 64. Not in the least do I care for anything except that I may have Thy protection for myself. I seek shelter in Your light - The light that illuminates the Heavens and dispels all sorts of darkness, and which controls all affairs in this world as well as in the Hereafter. May it never be that I should incur Thy wrath, or that You should be displeased with me. I must remove the cause of Thy displeasure until You are pleased. There is no strength nor power but through Thee." Major milestones in theMajor milestones in the Seerah:Seerah: SNIPPETS FROM LIFE MISSION OF MUHAMMAD ‫ﷺ‬ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  65. 65. DA’WAH TO TA’IFDA’WAH TO TA’IF HisHis ‫ﷺ‬ response to the angels.response to the angels. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““No (don’t destroy them) ! But my hope is that AllahNo (don’t destroy them) ! But my hope is that Allah will bring forth from their descendents, people whowill bring forth from their descendents, people who worship Allah Alone, and do not set up partnersworship Allah Alone, and do not set up partners (i.e. commit shirk) to Him. ”(i.e. commit shirk) to Him. ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  66. 66. ISRA’ WA MI’RAJISRA’ WA MI’RAJ Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  67. 67. ISRA’ WA MI’RAJISRA’ WA MI’RAJ Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““Glory to (Allah) Who did take His Servant for Journey byGlory to (Allah) Who did take His Servant for Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Farthest Mosquenight from the Sacred Mosque to the Farthest Mosque whose precincts We did bless― in order that We mightwhose precincts We did bless― in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the one Who hearsshow him some of Our Signs: for He is the one Who hears and sees (all things).”and sees (all things).” ((Q: al-Isra’: 17: 1Q: al-Isra’: 17: 1)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  68. 68. PLEDGE OF AQOBAHPLEDGE OF AQOBAH The community fromThe community fromYathribYathrib Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  69. 69. THE ASSASSINATION PLOTTHE ASSASSINATION PLOT Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  70. 70. THE 2THE 2ndnd HIJRAH TO YATHRIBHIJRAH TO YATHRIB The 1The 1stst Mosque at QUBAMosque at QUBA ““Ansar wa Muhaajirin”Ansar wa Muhaajirin” The Jewish communityThe Jewish community Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  71. 71. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: THE 2THE 2ndnd HIJRAH TO YATHRIBHIJRAH TO YATHRIB The Madinan CharterThe Madinan Charter All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)  Medina Charter was the first written constitution in the Islamic world – (note: it was not a declaration of an Islamic state).  The Medina Charter contained every aspect of running a country from politic to the human rights administration.  The Medina Charter consists of 47 clauses. 23 clause governed the relationship between Muslims, between Ansar and Muhajirin, while the remaining 24 clauses governed the relations of Muslims with non- Muslims, the Jews and others living in Madinah. A model of multi- religious community govern by Muslim – accepted by all living in Madinah to be bound by this charter fully dictated by Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬.
  72. 72. 1. This is a document from Muhammad the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ , governing relations between the Believers i.e. Muslims of Quraysh and Yathrib and those who followed them and worked hard with them. They form one nation - Ummah. 2. The Quraysh Muhajireen will continue to pay blood money, according to their present custom. 3. In case of war with any body they will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice common among Believers. (Not according to pre-Islamic nations where the rich and the poor were treated differently). 4. The Bani Awf will decide the blood money, within themselves, according to their existing custom. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  73. 73. 5. In case of war with anybody all parties other than Muslims will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice according to practice among Believers and not in accordance with pre-Islamic notions. 6. The Bani Saeeda, the Bani Harith, the Bani Jusham and the Bani Najjar will be governed on the lines of the above (principles) 7. The Bani Amr, Bani Awf, Bani Al-Nabeet, and Bani Al-Aws will be governed in the same manner. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  74. 74. 8. Believers will not fail to redeem their prisoners they will pay blood money on their behalf. It will be a common responsibility of the Ummat and not of the family of the prisoners to pay blood money. 9. A Believer will not make the freedman of another Believer as his ally against the wishes of the other Believers. 10. The Believers, who fear Allah, will oppose the rebellious elements and those that encourage injustice or sin, or enmity or corruption among Believers. 11. If anyone is guilty of any such act all the Believers will oppose him even if he be the son of any one of them. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  75. 75. 12. A Believer will not kill another Believer, for the sake of an un-Believer. (i.e. even though the un-Believer is his close relative). 13. No Believer will help an un-Believer against a Believer. 14. Protection (when given) in the Name of Allah will be common. The weakest among Believers may give protection (In the Name of Allah) and it will be binding on all Believers. 15. Believers are all friends to each other to the exclusion of all others. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  76. 76. 16. Those Jews who follow the Believers will be helped and will be treated with equality. (Social, legal and economic equality is promised to all loyal citizens of the State). 17. No Jew will be wronged for being a Jew. 18. The enemies of the Jews who follow us will not be helped. 19. The peace of the Believers (of the State of Madinah) cannot be divided. (it is either peace or war for all. It cannot be that a part of the population is at war with the outsiders and a part is at peace). 20. No separate peace will be made by anyone in Madinah when Believers are fighting in the Path of Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  77. 77. 21. Conditions of peace and war and the accompanying ease or hardships must be fair and equitable to all citizens alike. 22. When going out on expeditions a rider must take his fellow member of the Army- share his ride. 23. The Believers must avenge the blood of one another when fighting in the Path of Allah (This clause was to remind those in front of whom there may be less severe fighting that the cause was common to all. This also meant that although each battle appeared a separate entity it was in fact a part of the War, which affected all Muslims equally). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  78. 78. 24. The Believers (because they fear Allah) are better in showing steadfastness and as a result receive guidance from Allah in this respect. Others must also aspire to come up to the same standard of steadfastness. 25. No un-Believer will be permitted to take the property of the Quraysh (the enemy) under his protection. Enemy property must be surrendered to the State. 26. No un-Believer will intervene in favour of a Quraysh, (because the Quraysh having declared war are the enemy). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  79. 79. 27. If any un-believer kills a Believer, without good cause, he shall be killed in return, unless the next of kin are satisfied (as it creates law and order problems and weakens the defence of the State). All Believers shall be against such a wrong-doer. No Believer will be allowed to shelter such a man. 28. When you differ on anything (regarding this Document) the matter shall be referred to Allah and Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬. 29. The Jews will contribute towards the war when fighting alongside the Believers. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  80. 80. 30. The Jews of Bani Awf will be treated as one community with the Believers. The Jews have their religion. This will also apply to their freedmen. The exception will be those who act unjustly and sinfully. By so doing they wrong themselves and their families. 31. The same applies to Jews of Bani Al-Najjar, Bani Al Harith, Bani Saeeda, Bani Jusham, Bani Al Aws, Thaalba, and the Jaffna, (a clan of the Bani Thaalba) and the Bani Al Shutayba. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  81. 81. 32. Loyalty gives protection against treachery. (loyal people are protected by their friends against treachery. As long as a person remains loyal to the State he is not likely to succumb to the ideas of being treacherous. He protects himself against weakness). 33. The freedmen of Thaalba will be afforded the same status as Thaalba themselves. This status is for fair dealings and full justice as a right and equal responsibility for military service. 34. Those in alliance with the Jews will be given the same treatment as the Jews. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  82. 82. 35. No one (no tribe which is party to the Pact) shall go to war except with the permission of Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ . If any wrong has been done to any person or party it may be avenged. 36. Any one who kills another without warning (there being no just cause for it) amounts to his slaying himself and his household, unless the killing was done due to a wrong being done to him. 37. The Jews must bear their own expenses (in War) and the Muslims bear their expenses. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  83. 83. 38. If anyone attacks anyone who is a party to this Pact the other must come to his help. 39. They (parties to this Pact) must seek mutual advice and consultation. 40. Loyalty gives protection against treachery. Those who avoid mutual consultation do so because of lack of sincerity and loyalty. 41. A man will not be made liable for misdeeds of his ally. 42. Anyone (any individual or party) who is wronged must be helped. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  84. 84. 43. The Jews must pay (for war) with the Muslims. (this clause appears to be for occasions when Jews are not taking part in the war. Clause 37 deals with occasions when they are taking part in war). 44. Yathrib will be Sanctuary for the people of this Pact. 45. A stranger (individual) who has been given protection (by anyone party to this Pact) will be treated as his host (who has given him protection) while (he is) doing no harm and is not committing any crime. Those given protection but indulging in anti-state activities will be liable to punishment. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  85. 85. 46. A woman will be given protection only with the consent of her family (Guardian). (a good precaution to avoid inter-tribal conflicts). 47. In case of any dispute or controversy, which may result in trouble the matter must be referred to Allah and Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ . The Prophet of Allah ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ will accept anything in this document, which is for (bringing about) piety and goodness. 48. Quraysh and their allies will not be given protection. 49. The parties to this Pact are bound to help each other in the event of an attack on Yathrib. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  86. 86. 50. If they (the parties to the Pact other than the Muslims) are called upon to make and maintain peace (within the State) they must do so. If a similar demand (of making and maintaining peace) is made on the Muslims, it must be carried out, except when the Muslims are already engaged in a war in the Path of Allah. (so that no secret ally of the enemy can aid the enemy by calling upon Muslims to end hostilities under this clause). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  87. 87. 51. Everyone (individual) will have his share (of treatment) in accordance with what party he belongs to. Individuals must benefit or suffer for the good or bad deed of the group they belong to. Without such a rule party affiliations and discipline cannot be maintained. 52. The Jews of al-Aws, including their freedmen, have the same standing, as other parties to the Pact, as long as they are loyal to the Pact. Loyalty is a protection against treachery. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  88. 88. 53. Anyone who acts loyally or otherwise does it for his own good (or loss). 54. Allah approves this Document. 55. This document will not (be employed to) protect one who is unjust or commits a crime (against other parties of the Pact). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  89. 89. 56. Whether an individual goes out to fight (in accordance with the terms of this Pact) or remains in his home, he will be safe unless he has committed a crime or is a sinner. (i.e. No one will be punished in his individual capacity for not having gone out to fight in accordance with the terms of this Pact). 57. Allah is the Protector of the good people and those who fear Allah, and Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ is the Messenger of Allah (He guarantees protection for those who are good and fear Allah). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  90. 90. BATTLE OF BADRBATTLE OF BADR Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) After many years of persecution in Mecca and after the migration to Madinah, permission to fight [QITAL] was given. Muslims properties in Makkah were confiscated and the Quraysh attempted to sell them in a caravan headed for Syria. The Caravan carrying them would be passing nearby at Badar. Muslims set out expedition to recover them, but this was used as an excuse by Makkans to wage an all-out war, raising an army of over a thousand to attack Madina itself.
  91. 91. BATTLE OF BADRBATTLE OF BADR Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) “Permission [to fight - QATALU ] has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is competent to give them victory.” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 39)
  92. 92. “[They are] those who have been evicted from their homes without right - only because they say, "Our Lord is Allah." And were it not that Allah checks the people, some by means of others, there would have been demolished monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the name of Allah is much mentioned. And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 40)
  93. 93. BATTLE OF BADRBATTLE OF BADR Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  94. 94. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: "There has already been for you a"There has already been for you a Sign in the two armies thatSign in the two armies that met (in combat): one was fighting in the cause of Allah themet (in combat): one was fighting in the cause of Allah the other resisting Allah; these saw with their own eyes twiceother resisting Allah; these saw with their own eyes twice their number.their number. But Allah doth support with His aid whom HeBut Allah doth support with His aid whom He pleaseth. In this is a warning for such as have eyes to see."pleaseth. In this is a warning for such as have eyes to see." ((Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 13Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 13)) BATTLE OF BADRBATTLE OF BADR All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  95. 95. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DIALOGUE WITH CHRISTIANDIALOGUE WITH CHRISTIAN DELEGATE FROM NAJRANDELEGATE FROM NAJRAN
  96. 96. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““If anyone disputes in this matter with thee now after (full)If anyone disputes in this matter with thee now after (full) knowledge hath come to thee, say: "Come! let us gatherknowledge hath come to thee, say: "Come! let us gather together―our sons, and your sons our women and yourtogether―our sons, and your sons our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: then let us earnestlywomen, ourselves and yourselves: then let us earnestly pray, and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie!"pray, and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie!" ((Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 61Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 61)) DIALOGUE WITH CHRISTIANDIALOGUE WITH CHRISTIAN DELEGATE FROM NAJRANDELEGATE FROM NAJRAN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  97. 97. BATTLE OFBATTLE OF UHUDUHUD Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  98. 98. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently withIt is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them. Were thou severe or harsh-hearted they would have brokenthem. Were thou severe or harsh-hearted they would have broken away from about thee; so pass over (their faults), and ask foraway from about thee; so pass over (their faults), and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of(Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust inmoment). Then when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).”Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” ((Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 159Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 159)) BATTLE OFBATTLE OF UHUDUHUD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  99. 99. BATTLE OF AHZAB or KHANDAQBATTLE OF AHZAB or KHANDAQ JEWISH TREASON, EXILE & THEIRJEWISH TREASON, EXILE & THEIR PERSISTENT ENMITYPERSISTENT ENMITY Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  100. 100. THE PROPHETIC VISIONTHE PROPHETIC VISION Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  101. 101. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““Truly did Allah fulfil the vision for His Messenger:Truly did Allah fulfil the vision for His Messenger: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah wills, withYe shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah wills, with minds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, andminds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not and Hewithout fear. For He knew what ye knew not and He granted besides this a speedy victory.”granted besides this a speedy victory.” ((Q: Fath: 48: 27Q: Fath: 48: 27)) THE PROPHETIC VISIONTHE PROPHETIC VISION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  102. 102. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and theIt is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough isReligion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for a WitnessAllah for a Witness.”.” ((Q: Fath: 48: 28Q: Fath: 48: 28)) THE PROPHETIC VISIONTHE PROPHETIC VISION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  103. 103. ATTEMPT AT PEACEFUL PILGRIMAGE TO THE KA’BAATTEMPT AT PEACEFUL PILGRIMAGE TO THE KA’BA TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE)TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE) - Attempt at humiliation- Attempt at humiliation - Unfair termsUnfair terms - Case of escaped MuslimCase of escaped Muslim YET THE PROPHET ACCEPTED AND UPHOLD THE TREATY ALREADYYET THE PROPHET ACCEPTED AND UPHOLD THE TREATY ALREADY SIGNED, INSPITE OF RESISTANCE BY REST OF MUSLIMS THENSIGNED, INSPITE OF RESISTANCE BY REST OF MUSLIMS THEN Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  104. 104. TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE)TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE) Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)  Islam value peace, for without oppression,Islam value peace, for without oppression, Da’wahDa’wah was possiblewas possible  With peace and freedom for people to chooseWith peace and freedom for people to choose their faith, without oppression, Islam will triumphtheir faith, without oppression, Islam will triumph
  105. 105. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: “ Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory: That Allah may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfil His favour to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way; And that Allah may help thee with powerful help.” (Q: Al-Fath: 48: 1-3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE)TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH (TRUCE)  Islam value peace, for without oppression,Islam value peace, for without oppression, Da’wahDa’wah was possiblewas possible  With peace and freedom for people to chooseWith peace and freedom for people to choose their faith, , without oppression, Islam will triumphtheir faith, , without oppression, Islam will triumph
  106. 106. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DA’WAH -DA’WAH - SPREADING THE MESSAGESPREADING THE MESSAGE THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION –THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION – Mission and LegacyMission and Legacy of the Prophetof the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ “There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)
  107. 107. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DA’WAH -DA’WAH - SPREADING THE MESSAGESPREADING THE MESSAGE THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION –THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION – Mission and LegacyMission and Legacy of the Prophetof the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ “And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed - all of them entirely. Then, [O Muhammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?” (Qur’an: Yunus : 10: 99)
  108. 108. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DA’WAH -DA’WAH - SPREADING THE MESSAGESPREADING THE MESSAGE THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION –THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION – Mission and LegacyMission and Legacy of the Prophetof the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬
  109. 109. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah:    ““Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautifulInvite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and mostpreaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from Hisgracious: for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.”Path, and who receive guidance.” ((Q: Nahlu: 16: 125Q: Nahlu: 16: 125)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DA’WAH -DA’WAH - SPREADING THE MESSAGESPREADING THE MESSAGE THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION –THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION – Mission and LegacyMission and Legacy of the Prophetof the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬
  110. 110. Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) DA’WAH -DA’WAH - SPREADING THE MESSAGESPREADING THE MESSAGE THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION –THROUGH PEACEFUL INVITATION – Mission and LegacyMission and Legacy of the Prophetof the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬  Emissaries sent to Heraclius of the Byzantium, Chosroes II of Persia, Coptic Muqawqis of Egypt, Negus of Ethiopia; also to Syria, Bahrain etc. inviting them to Islam. Some of these letters are still preserved.  Many tribes around Madina peacefully accepted Islam and became allies to this Muslim community.  Quraysh who visited Madina saw and learnt the newly formed community without the specter of war. Many embraced Islam.  Muslim as a community grew which alarmed the Quraysh leaders.
  111. 111. THE QURAYSH BETRAYAL OF THETHE QURAYSH BETRAYAL OF THE PEACE TREATYPEACE TREATY Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: ““[This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His[This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treatyMessenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the polytheists (among the polytheists (MUSHRIKEENMUSHRIKEEN).)."" ((Q: Taubah: 9: 1Q: Taubah: 9: 1)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) When a caravan of innocent Muslims were attacked and slaughtered.
  112. 112. Coming with ten thousand strong army; well-disciplined.Coming with ten thousand strong army; well-disciplined. Brilliant strategy to cause capitulation without anyBrilliant strategy to cause capitulation without any bloodshed, looting, destruction, mayhem etc.bloodshed, looting, destruction, mayhem etc. Prophet’sProphet’s ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ entry into Makkahentry into Makkah General amnesty to all the enemies of the Quraysh;General amnesty to all the enemies of the Quraysh; Restoring the Ka’bah and the Creed of Abraham inRestoring the Ka’bah and the Creed of Abraham in Arabia;Arabia; Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: CONQUEST OF MAKKAHCONQUEST OF MAKKAH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  113. 113. CONQUEST OF MAKKAHCONQUEST OF MAKKAH Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: And say: "Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished:And say: "Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished: for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish."for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish." ((Q: Isra’: 17:81Q: Isra’: 17:81)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  114. 114. PROPHET’S HAJJ & LAST SERMONPROPHET’S HAJJ & LAST SERMON Major milestones in the Seerah:Major milestones in the Seerah: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  115. 115. ““And I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairsAnd I leave behind me for you all, for clarifying in your affairs (of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led(of this religion), whosoever holdfast to them shall never be led astray – (these are) theastray – (these are) the Book of AllahBook of Allah (KITAABULLAH)(KITAABULLAH) andand thethe Way of His MessengerWay of His Messenger (SUNNATI-RASUU-LIHI)(SUNNATI-RASUU-LIHI) .”.” ((From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”From Sermon reported by Ibnu Hisham in his “Seerah”)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  116. 116. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  117. 117. ““Verily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clingsVerily, I am leaving behind me for you all, whosoever clings to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :-to them shall never be astray after this till the hereafter :- the Book of Allah (the Book of Allah (KITAABULLAHKITAABULLAH) - the rope stretched from) - the rope stretched from heaven to the earth; and my ‘heaven to the earth; and my ‘ITRATIITRATI’ [progeny] from my’ [progeny] from my Household (Household (AHLU-BAYTIAHLU-BAYTI) – These two will never be separated) – These two will never be separated from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise).from each other until they return upon the Pool (in Paradise). See that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these twoSee that you do not differ from (the guidance of) these two after me.”after me.” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  118. 118. Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this exceptSay: "No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin."the love of those near of kin." ((Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 23Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 23)) IMPORTANT REVELATIONSIMPORTANT REVELATIONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  119. 119. ““This day have those who reject Faith given up all hopeThis day have those who reject Faith given up all hope of your (forsaking this) religion (of your (forsaking this) religion (DEENDEEN):): yet fear them not but fear Me.”yet fear them not but fear Me.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3)) IMPORTANT REVELATIONSIMPORTANT REVELATIONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  120. 120. ””This day have I perfected yourThis day have I perfected your DEENDEEN (religion) for you,(religion) for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen forcompleted my favour upon you, and have chosen for youyou Al-Islam as yourAl-Islam as your DEENDEEN (religion).”(religion).” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 3)) IMPORTANT REVELATIONSIMPORTANT REVELATIONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  121. 121. ““Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) theMuhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of AllahMessenger of Allah, and the, and the Seal of the ProphetsSeal of the Prophets: and Allah has: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.“full knowledge of all things.“ ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 40Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 40)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  122. 122. PROPHET MUHAMMADPROPHET MUHAMMAD ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ SENT ASSENT AS A MERCY FOR THE WORLDSA MERCY FOR THE WORLDS PROPHET MUHAMMADPROPHET MUHAMMAD ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ LASTLAST SERMON AT ‘ARAFAHSERMON AT ‘ARAFAH https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3Xc1MfX9X8 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  123. 123.  ““AR-RAHEEQ AL-MAKHTUMAR-RAHEEQ AL-MAKHTUM – The Sealed Nectar”– The Sealed Nectar”- by Saifur-Rahman- by Saifur-Rahman al-Mubarakpurial-Mubarakpuri  ““Life of Muhammad”Life of Muhammad”- by Muhammad Haikal- by Muhammad Haikal  ““Life of Muhammad – from Earliest sources”Life of Muhammad – from Earliest sources” by Martin Lings.by Martin Lings.  ““The Eternal Message of Muhammad”The Eternal Message of Muhammad” – A Rahman Azzam– A Rahman Azzam  ””THE MESSAGE – Ar-Risalah”THE MESSAGE – Ar-Risalah” – by Ja’far Subhani– by Ja’far Subhani  ““Sirat-un-Nabi”Sirat-un-Nabi” - by ‘Allama Shibli Nu’mani & Syed S. Nadwi- by ‘Allama Shibli Nu’mani & Syed S. Nadwi BIBLIOGRAPHY- available in EnglishBIBLIOGRAPHY- available in English RECOMMENDED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  124. 124. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 125All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)

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