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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#10-arkaan-ul-islam-(1)shahadahtain(25 may2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL
LESSON # 10

“ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”
Pillars of Islam (Submission)

SHAHADATAIN
(DECLARATION AS WITNESS)

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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#10-arkaan-ul-islam-(1)shahadahtain(25 may2012)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” IL -’ I RA Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults IB OF J 10 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TH # DI O N HA E SS L Every Friday night IT CAN ALSO BE A @ 8pm – 10pm REFRESHER COURSE Wisma Indah, 450 FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, “ARKAAN AL-ISLAM” Changi Road, EDUCATORS, IN #02-00 next to Pillars of Islam (Submission) Masjid Kassim CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL SHAHADATAIN (DECLARATION AS WITNESS) Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED 25 MAY 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 1
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY MOST COMPASSIONATE, USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL MOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) 2All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. IIMAN ‘A M A L • I H SA N [Islam] Belief Submission Best or Faith Obedience Righteous Conviction Practice Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. • Muslims have to be careful, as some of them may have already been influenced by Orientalist’s teachings garbed as Islamic, especially taught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times, these academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includes Muslims but with the similar mindset as taught as these earlier Orientalist, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecture courses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc. • Thus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speaks about ‘many types of Islam’ whereas the truth is there is only one “AD-DEEN- AL-ISLAM ”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. • They are confused because they could not differentiate “the religion (DEEN)” itself from people’s “understanding (FIQH)” of the religion – between “DEENUL-ISLAM” with “FIQHUL-ISLAM”. • Past Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuous (arrogant even) to claim their FIQH to be the DEEN. • This DEEN belongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to his FIQH of the Deen.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. • Therefore this DEEN is the “Absolute” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and those who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion of Allah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance : “This day have I perfected your religion (DEEN) for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. Their twisted logic is : “since Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannot be absolute.” But, AL-ISLAM is not man-created but a revealed religion from a Divine Perfect Being. • Another fallacy is to equate “KAAFFAH” with “SHUMUL”, as though these are interchangeable. • Surely there is need to differentiate between AL-ISLAM the (perfected) DEEN and the Muslims, who are far from being perfect.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. • “KAAFFAH” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s potential and capability. And Allah only expects them to give their fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they can bear. • “SHUMUL” (or all-encompassing nature of AD-DEEN AL-ISLAM) on the other hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’s guidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His final Prophet s.a.w.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  12. 12. • It’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected (KAAMIL) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, with adequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to face whatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind. • This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “SHUMUL ”, then another Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial of the perfection of AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM – it tantamount to ‘unbelief’ (KUFR).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. • They purport : “that since Muslim’s understanding of Islam is “evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam than Muslims of previous past generations, therefore even the core- fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAM ” must continue to be changed (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’s historical “reformation”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous but downright mischievous. • As we have stated, there is a difference between “SHARI’AH” (literally the “Way or Source” of the religion) core-fundamental teachings, and another term “FIQH” (the Islamic scholars’ understanding of the religion).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. • The core-fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAM” have been perfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis for every Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose. • As regards its application, which must take into consideration the changing context, AD-DEENUL-ISLAM already allows for differing interpretations and application of these principles by the ULAMA’ (Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facing in every age or conditions – as long as it does not contradict or oppose these core teachings.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. • Each era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholars attained to correct interpretation based upon their FIQH, than that is regarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done in the past or in the modern present. Past interpretations if flawed cannot be binding to others, nay, it can be criticised and corrected. Yet, the principles of this DEEN must be preserved and upheld, to remain unchanged. • Lest people get carried away by trends set by people today who instigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to be discerning as to what can, and what cannot, be changed.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16. • “Evolving into following error and deviancy” can never be good. And thus the “calling for change ” - cannot and must not be applied to what is already “perfect and good.“ • Reformation “TAJDEED” – for us is “renewal “ with regards to Muslims application of rulings or judgement which are affected by whatever context or circumstances. Thus, new or changing context may require new rulings and need not be bound by previous rulings. The primary source and principles are always preserved – it is NOT a “total replacement” of the SHARI’AH. • This methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codified and continuously applied and adhered to since then.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17. • In fact after the best three generation (SALAFUS-SOLIHEEN), accretions and deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind” regarding this DEEN. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who “strive to preserve the purity of this religion“ through the endeavour termed as “TAJDEED” (renewal) of their thinking (mindset) - FIQH. And this does nor imply “replacement” of AD-DEEN-UL-ISLAM’s principle teachings – SHARI’AH. • We are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ in facing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But we have to beware, “Evolution” that they advocate may even lead to replacement, when innovations (BID’AH) are introduced directed towards total change in the principles (overhauling) of this DEEN.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18. • These academicians would not admit that their methodology – which is from a humanist sociological study and perspective - is in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporary Muslims should imitate the ‘Judeo-Christian’ historical experience. • Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “AL-ISLAM” is exactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlier religions ), and therefore must inevitably undergo the same historical process as that of the “Judeo-Christian” – indeed a mischievous suggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19. • AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in fact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which the “People of the Book” went through historically, precisely because they have erred and have ‘evolved ’ their religion into something contrary to the original universal message of every Prophet of Allah. • Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem that ‘evolution’ and correct whatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to the pristine ABRAHAMIC creed of TAUHEED. It was a ‘devolution’ back to the principles rather than ‘evolution’.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20. • Lest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for the betterment (or what is regarded as progress) is not in any way to be curtailed. • Only that the changes must not be made to the universal principles and the established foundation of this DEEN. Tampering with these is deviancy clearly condemned by Allah and His Messenger (in Al-QUR’AN and AS-SUNNAH). • Beware, clamouring blindly for “Evolution” may even lead to “replacement” i.e. total change even in the principles of this DEEN. WaAllaahu a’lamAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. “Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While all creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling, bowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall they all be brought back.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  23. 23. “Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is Our Lord and your Lord. For us (is the responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (Our) final goal.” (Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 15)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. • The word “Islam” - literally means “surrender; submission”. When added with the prefix “al” ( definite article“the” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essential traits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’s inner conviction, belief (iiman) towards “obedience to the will of Allah”. • The true meaning of “believe” or “iiman” is : “to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (Qolb); and declare with one’s tongue, and practice deeds in accordance with its pillars”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25. • So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s will”? • This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in what is referred to as : the Pillars of Islam (Arkaan-ul-Islaam).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. • As ‘belief or conviction’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need to first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to others such that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as a sign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with the universal community as Muslim. So, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – verbal declaration - leads to a whole program to be implemented so as to ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits his whole-self to the Will of the Creator.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. • For to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence with every witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty of the One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy of worship; upholding and standing firm with justice, in accordance with the Way of life (DEEN) as established by His Final Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. • The beginning, the “SHAHADATAIN” is to begin to “ self- actualise”. It does not stand alone, but are connected to the other four pillars.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. • As these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemn commitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil all these – as these are to be regarded as a FARDH ‘AIN (a personal obligation) unto those who enter into Islam: “O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy.” (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30. • Thus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational and developmental program to nurture a total personality of “one who submits to Allah’s Will” (MUSLIM). • Each of these five pillars, contains the medium through which the deeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higher consciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one of complete submission to the Will of Allah. For to be a Muslim is about “being” and “becoming”. It’s about ‘HAAL ’ (spiritual condition) and ‘MAQOM ’ (spiritual station).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. “There is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah His angels and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. SHA-HAA-DAH “declaration; make manifest; witness; testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest; credential; creed; identification; martyrdom.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35. ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAH I bear witness, that there is no god except AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADAR RO-SUU-LULLAAH And I bear witness, that Muhammad is the Messenger of AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. ”Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. ” If it had been the Lords Will they would all have believed all who are on earth! Wilt thou then compel mankind against their will to believe?” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40. ”This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailed the Signs for those who receive admonition. For them will be a Home of Peace in the presence of their Lord: He will be their Friend because they practised (righteousness).” (Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41. “Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42. “Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. "Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall not be helped. “ (Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. “Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable) conversion―” (Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. “We are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the One to) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. • No one should be forced to embrace Islam. • A person is expected to enter into it willingly, with full certainty of the basic truth that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. • Those who are born into a Muslim family needs to be nurtured with the correct understanding of Islam to attain certainty .All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. Thus, the declaration marks a person’s commitment towards adhering to all that Islam teaches. It is in fact a covenant between him and Allah – to be witnessed at least by other Muslims because he will be accorded every rights and respect as fellow Muslims; as much as other Muslims have rights over him.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. • Amongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towards truth and patient constancy; making DU’A for one another; protecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in all matters leading to AL-BIRR (Goodness) and AL-TAQWA (consciousness of Allah) with love for one another for the sake of Allah. • When a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins are forgiven and erased whereas merit of al their good deeds remains (including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This is similar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49. Our Prophet s.a.w. advises: “Renew your iiman (faith) by (reciting) : Laa-ilaa-ha il-lalLaah (there is no god except Allah)” (Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  51. 51. “And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (UMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“ (Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  53. 53. “And strive (WA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger (SHAHEEDAN) may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! (SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAAS).“ (Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  54. 54. And say: "Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that ye did." (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  56. 56. “ Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide, He opens their breast to ISLAM; those whom He wills to leave straying, He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe. " (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 125)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  58. 58. “Is one whose heart Allah has opened to ISLAM, so that he has received Enlightenment from Allah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against celebrating the praises of Allah! they are manifestly wandering (in error)!” (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  59. 59. “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah (during times of ignorance) will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  61. 61. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  62. 62. “And those who (JAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths (SUBUULANA) : For verily Allah is with those who do right.” (Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  64. 64. “The best one amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge ( ‘ilm of the Deen), and with his deeds (‘amal) it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  65. 65. “And when Allah guides a single person (to Islam), through you (with your sincere effort), (the reward) for you is better than (if you are given) the whole world and whatever it contains.” (Hadith of the Prophet )All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  66. 66. “Among the believers are men who have [always] been true to what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have fulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of them are still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed [their resolve] in the least.” (Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  68. 68. Meaning: “polytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to God” - from the word meaning “partner, associate” Belief that “regards others as partners or associates to Allah; ascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusively belongs to Allah;”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  69. 69. SUCH AS: [a] Ascribing to others, the independent exclusive attributes of Allah Who is the Unique Creator, Lord, Sovereign, Law-giver; Who alone is the all-knowing. [b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination with arrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  70. 70. SUCH AS: [c] To deny that Allah has absolute power over all things, and that things which occur, although by means of ‘cause and effect’ yet, it can occur only by Allah’s permission. [d] Ascribing to Allah attributes that contradict His Exalted Majesty e.g. holding to anthropomorphic beliefs.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  71. 71. Meaning: “apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;” Acts, through words and deeds, that causes a person to no longer be regarded as a Muslim.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  72. 72. SUCH AS: [a] Outright renunciation. [b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam. [c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa; [d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacred symbols (SHI’-AR) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba, mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  73. 73. SUCH AS: [e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully trying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity is being compromised: “Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  75. 75. “Those who believe then reject Faith, then believe (again) and (again) reject Faith and go on increasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them, nor guide them on the way. To the Hypocrites (MUNAAFIQEEN) give the glad tidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
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  77. 77. “O you who have attained to faith! If you ever (MURTAD) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bring forth [in your stead] people whom He loves and who love Him - humble towards the believers, powerful (stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who (YUJAAHIDU) strive hard in Allahs cause, and do not fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them: such is Allahs favour, which He grants unto whom He wills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  78. 78. LET US TURN TO ALLAH WITH THIS ....All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  79. 79. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  80. 80. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  81. 81. “Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” (Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  82. 82. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  83. 83. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . And all the Praises is for Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the worlds.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  84. 84. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 84All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)

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