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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2013-batch)# 10-arkan-ul-islam-(shahadatain)-15-november-2013amnd

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL HA H DIT L F J O SS E A IBR N # O “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” IL -’ I 10 Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail “ARKAAN AL-ISLAM” Pillars of Islam (Submission) SHAHADATAIN (DECLARATION AS WITNESS) Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL For further information and registration contact E -mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED - 15 NOVEMBER 2013 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) 1
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 2
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  6. 6. IIMAN Belief Faith Conviction ‘AMAL [Islam] Submission Obedience Practice IHSAN Best or Righteous Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  7. 7. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAU HEED) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  8. 8. Muslims today have to be careful, as some of them may have already been influenced by Orientalist’s teachings garbed as Islamic, especially taught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times, these academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includes Muslims but with the similar mind-set, taught to them just as these earlier Orientalist, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecture courses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc. Thus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speak about ‘many types of Islam’ whereas the truth is there is only one “ AD-DEENAL-ISLAM ”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  9. 9. They are confused because they could not differentiate “the religion (DEEN)” itself from people’s “understanding (FIQH)” of the religion – between “DEENUL-ISLAM” with “FIQHUL-ISLAM”. Past Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuous (arrogant even) to claim their FIQH to be the DEEN. This DEEN belongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to his FIQH of the Deen. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  10. 10. Therefore this DEEN is the “Absolute” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and those who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion of Allah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance : “This day have I perfected your religion (DEEN) for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  11. 11. Their twisted logic is : “since Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannot be absolute.” But, AL-ISLAM is not man-created but a revealed religion from a Divine Perfect Being. Another fallacy is to equate “KAAFFAH” with “SHUMUL”, as though these are interchangeable. Surely there is need to differentiate between AL-ISLAM the (perfected) DEEN and the MUSLIMS, who are far from being perfect. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  12. 12. “KAAFFAH” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s potential and capability. And Allah only expects the Muslims to give their fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they can bear. So the Muslims are to strive to practice Islam “ Kaafah” (sufficiently) and therefore it is not referring to the DEEN (religion) itself. “SHUMUL” (or all-encompassing nature of AD-DEEN AL-ISLAM) on the other hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’s guidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His final Prophet s.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  13. 13. AL-ISLAM’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected (KAAMIL) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, with adequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to face whatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind. This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “ SHUMUL ”, then another Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial of the perfection of AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM – it tantamount to ‘unbelief’ (KUFR). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  14. 14. They purport : “that since Muslim’s understanding of Islam is “evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam than Muslims of previous past generations, therefore even the corefundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAM ” must continue to be changed (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’s historical “reformation”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous but downright mischievous. As we have stated, there is a difference between “ SHARI’AH” (literally the “Way or Source” of the religion) core-fundamental teachings, and another term “FIQH” (the Islamic scholars’ understanding of the religion). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  15. 15. The core-fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAM” have been perfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis for every Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose. As regards its application, which must take into consideration the changing context, AD-DEENUL-ISLAM already allows for differing interpretations and application of these principles by the ULAMA’ (Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facing in every age or conditions – as long as it does not contradict or oppose these core (fundamental) teachings. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  16. 16. Each era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholars (‘ULAMA) attained to correct interpretation based upon their FIQH, than that is regarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done in the past or in the modern present. Past interpretations ( FATWA) if flawed cannot be binding to others, nay, it can be criticised and corrected. Yet, the principles of this DEEN must be preserved and upheld, to remain unchanged. Lest people get carried away by trends set by people today who instigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to be discerning as to what can and what cannot, be changed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  17. 17. “Evolving into following error and deviancy” can never be good. And thus the “calling for change ” - cannot and must not be applied to what is already “perfect and good.“ Reformation “TAJDEED” – for us is “renewal “ with regards to Muslims scholars’ application of rulings or judgement which are affected by whatever context or circumstances. Thus, new or changing context may require new rulings and need not be bound by previous rulings. However the primary sources and principles are always preserved – it is NOT a “total replacement” of the SHARI’AH. This methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codified and continuously applied and adhered to since then by our ‘ ULAMA. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  18. 18. In fact after the best three generation (SALAFUS-SOLIHEEN), accretions and deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind” regarding this DEEN. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who “ strive to preserve the purity of this religion“ through the endeavour termed as “TAJDEED” (renewal) of their thinking (mindset) - FIQH. And this does nor imply “replacement” of AD-DEEN-UL-ISLAM’s principle teachings – SHARI’AH. We are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ in facing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But we have to beware, “Evolution” that they advocate may even lead to replacement, when innovations (BID’AH) are introduced directed towards total change in the principles (overhauling) of this DEEN. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  19. 19. These ‘academicians’ would not admit that their methodology – which is from a humanist sociological study and perspective – ( Not of Islam) is in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporary Muslims should imitate the ‘Judeo-Christian’ historical experience. Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “ AL-ISLAM” is exactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlier religions ), and therefore must inevitably undergo the same historical process as that of the “Judeo-Christian” – indeed a mischievous suggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  20. 20. AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in fact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which the “People of the Book” went through historically, precisely because they have erred and have ‘evolved ’ their religion into something contrary to the original universal message of every Prophet of Allah. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem that ‘ evolution’ and correct whatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to the pristine ABRAHAMIC creed of TAUHEED. It was a ‘devolution’ back to the principles rather than ‘evolution’. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  21. 21. Lest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for the betterment (or what is regarded as progress in the sense of ’ Ikhtiyar’) is not in any way to be curtailed. Only that the changes must not be made to the universal principles and the established foundation of this DEEN (religion). Tampering with these principles is deviancy clearly condemned by Allah and His Messenger (in Al-QUR’AN and AS-SUNNAH). Beware, clamouring blindly for “Evolution” may even lead to “replacement” i.e. total change even in the principles of this DEEN. WaAllaahu a’lam All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  23. 23. “So direct your face toward the religion (DEEN), inclining to truth (HENEEFAN). [Adhere to] the FITwRAH of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  25. 25. “[Adhere to it], turning in repentance to Him, and (be conscious and)) fear Him (TAQWA) and establish prayer (SWOLAH) and do not be of those who associate others with Allah (MUSHRIKIN). [Or] of those who have divided their religion and become sects, every faction rejoicing in what it has.” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 31-32) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  26. 26. This label is suggestive as though Muslims all along are totally constrained and coerced by its teachings which has successfully prevented their ‘Liberal’ agenda from being accepted, and therefore they are fomenting a kind of ‘rebellion’ amongst Muslims to embrace their “freedom” movement of this post-modernist era. They seek only for the upholding of ‘socio-humanistic’, secular human-right values or perspectives – over-glorifying rationalism, in opposition to revelation, religious values and morality opposed to their ‘modernist’ agenda. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  27. 27. When the label “Liberal Islam” has been vehemently rejected and exposed, and fearing alienation thereby diminishing their influence, these liberal proponents are now hiding behind this new label to defuse (or confuse) general Muslims’ negative perceptions of them. Also, it is notoriously blatant in implying as though reasoning - ‘ critical thinking’ - is absent in our tradition and scholarship – i.e. until these people come along. Reducing Islam to only its ‘rationalism’ and glorifying such scholars alone ignoring revelation and traditional wisdom, or placing human thoughts as the highest, is being dishonest to our heritage. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  28. 28. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL "Exalted are You (O Allah); we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 32) Abul Ahad ‘Umar Gary Miller AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29. This labeling exposes the motive behind those who advocate it. Obviously they are uneasy of the trend of increasing religiosity amongst the Muslims. Perhaps this ‘religiosity’ may be seen as thwarting their agenda to artificially ‘integrate’ Muslims into their nationalistic (secular) agenda. To be ‘moderate’ imply ‘don’t be religious’ in the practice of Islam. And after the tragic ‘9-11’, with increasing Islamaphobia, practicing Muslims are demonized as ‘extremists’ or ‘terrorists’. This proved their ignorance of the true teaching of Islam itself (which in fact advocate moderation). To be “extreme in practicing Islam” is to ‘become extremely moderate.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  30. 30. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (UMMATAN WASOTAN) “ (UMMATAN WASOTAN) (Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143) 2:143) AN-NASEEHAH ITS RELIGIOUS TEACHINGS SEEK TO CORRECT BOTH THE EXTREMIST AND THE DEFICIENT AMONGST MUSLIMS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  31. 31. This label is unfortunately being used (especially by politicians) to forge an identity of the Muslims in Singapore, more so since our separation from Malaysia. There is only one Islam. Its principle teachings are universally to be practiced but, yet it provides for their adherent to become adaptable to any country which do not opposed these broad principles. History of Islam and Muslims has borne out this fact. The correct term should be “Singaporean Muslims ” or “Muslims of Singapore ” - not trying to imply a different form of Islam. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  32. 32. Some people are advocating this label, because of their concern with how they see Muslims in the community tend to be insular and keeping aloof from others (non-Muslims), alienating themselves – which they regard as being “exclusive”. They failed to differentiate the “ Muslims ” and how they practice (‘AMAL) it , with “Al-Islam ” which is the teaching of the Deen. “DEEN AL-ISLAM ” – cannot be simplistically categorized or labeled as either “ exclusive-inclusive ”, but its teachings encompasses both aspects. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  33. 33. The Orientalists have perceived Islam and history of the Muslim the way they view the Judaic-Christian historical tradition. Among their agenda is to incite contemporary Muslims towards change and rejection of orthodox or traditional scholarship through the reinterpretation (by the non-’Ulama – academician, or even lay Muslim) They are hoping for the kind of change that has happened in European history of Reformation, whence the Protestant (breaking away from Catholic Church) is regarded by them as the critical milestone for them. Thus they are encouraging this form of sectarianism amongst Muslims. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  34. 34. Islam as AD-DEEN, (total way of life) provides Muslims with guidance in every spheres, not excluding politics. Yet, its spread was relatively peaceful, without coercion (but through “ civilizational-osmosis”), except where they encounter oppression and injustice which had to be removed through the concept of JIHAD (peaceful striving through DA’WAH) and under exceptional condition to resort to arm struggle and warfare (QITAL). Today those Muslims who may be seen as indulging in this – struggle against oppression (never mind if it is justifiable) unfortunately are derogatively being labelled as representing “Political Islam”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  35. 35. “Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While all creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling, bowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall they all be brought back.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  37. 37. “Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is Our Lord and your Lord. For us (is the responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (Our) final goal.” (Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 15) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  38. 38. The word “Islam” - literally means “surrender; submission”. When added with the prefix “al” ( definite article “the” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essential traits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’s inner conviction, belief (iiman) towards “obedience to the will of Allah”. The true meaning of “believe” or “iiman” is : “to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (Qolb); and declare with one’s tongue, and practice deeds in accordance with its pillars ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  39. 39. So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s will ”? This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in what is referred to as : the Pillars of Islam (Arkaan-ul-Islaam). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  40. 40. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  41. 41. As ‘belief or conviction’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need to first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to others such that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as a sign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with the universal community as Muslim. So, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – by verbal ‘declaration’ - leads to a whole program to be implemented so as to ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits his whole-self to the Will of the Creator. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  42. 42. For to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence with every witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty of the One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy of worship; upholding and standing firm with justice, in accordance with the Way of life (DEEN) as established by His Final Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. The first pillar, the “SHAHADATAIN” is to begin to “ selfactualise”. And it does not stand alone, but are connected to the other four pillars to be upheld and implemented. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  43. 43. As these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemn commitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil all these – as these are to be regarded as a FARDH ‘AIN (a personal obligation) unto those who enter into Islam: “O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy.” (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  44. 44. Thus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational and developmental program to nurture a total personality of “ one who submits to Allah’s Will ” (MUSLIM). Each of these five pillars, contains the medium through which the deeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higher consciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one of complete submission to the Will of Allah. For to be a Muslim is about “being” and “becoming”. It’s about ones ‘HAAL ’ (spiritual condition) and ‘MAQOM ’ (spiritual station) – not mere labels. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  45. 45. “There is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah His angels and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  46. 46. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  47. 47. Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means to (do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  48. 48. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  49. 49. SHA-HAA-DAH “declaration; make manifest; witness; testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest; credential; creed; identification; martyrdom.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  50. 50. ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAH I bear witness, that there is no god except Allah All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  51. 51. WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADAR RO-SUU-LULLAAH And I bear witness, that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  53. 53. ”Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  54. 54. ” If it had been the Lord's Will they would all have believed all who are on earth! Wilt thou then compel mankind against their will to believe?” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  55. 55. ”This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight (SwIRATU-ROB-BIKA – MUS-TA-QEE-MA) : We have detailed the Signs for those who receive admonition. For them will be a Home of Peace (DARUS-SALAAM) in the presence of their Lord: He (Allah) will be their Friend ( WALIYY) because they practised (righteousness).” (Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  56. 56. “Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258)
  57. 57. “Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  58. 58. "Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and (ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to His (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall not be helped. “ (Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  59. 59. “Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds , for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable) conversion―” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) (Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71)
  60. 60. “We are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the One to) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  61. 61. No one should be forced to embrace Islam. A person is expected to enter into it willingly, with full certainty of the basic truth that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Those who are born into a Muslim family needs to be nurtured with the correct understanding of Islam to attain certainty . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  62. 62. Thus, the declaration marks a person’s commitment towards adhering to all that Islam teaches. It is in fact a covenant between him and Allah – to be witnessed at least by other Muslims because he will be accorded every rights and respect as fellow Muslims; as much as other Muslims have rights over him. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  63. 63. Amongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towards truth and patient constancy; making DU’A for one another; protecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in all matters leading to AL-BIRR (Goodness) and AL-TAQWA (consciousness of Allah) with love for one another for the sake of Allah. When a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins are forgiven and erased whereas merit of al their good deeds remains (including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This is similar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  64. 64. Our Prophet s.a.w. advises: “Renew your iiman (faith) by (reciting) : Laa-ilaa-ha il-lalLaah (there is no god except Allah)” (Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  66. 66. “And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (UMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“ (Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  68. 68. “And strive (WA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger (SHAHEEDAN) may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! (SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAAS).“ (Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  69. 69. And say: "Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that ye did." (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  71. 71. “ Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide, He opens their breast to ISLAM; those whom He wills to leave straying, He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe. " (Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 125) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  73. 73. “Is one whose heart Allah has opened to ISLAM, so that he has received Enlightenment from Allah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against celebrating the praises of Allah! they are manifestly wandering (in error)!” (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  74. 74. “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah (during times of ignorance) will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  76. 76. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  77. 77. “And those who (JAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths (SUBUULANA) : For verily Allah is with those who do right.” (Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  79. 79. “The best one amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge ( ‘ilm of the Deen), and with his deeds (‘amal) it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  80. 80. “And when Allah guides a single person (to Islam), through you (with your sincere effort), (the reward) for you is better than (if you are given) the whole world and whatever it contains.” (Hadith of the Prophet ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  81. 81. “Among the believers are men who have [always] been true to what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have fulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of them are still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed [their resolve] in the least.” (Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  83. 83. Meaning: “polytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to God” from the word meaning “partner, associate” Belief that “regards others as partners or associates to Allah; ascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusively belongs to Allah;” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  84. 84. SUCH AS: [a] Ascribing to others, the independent exclusive attributes of Allah Who is the Unique Creator, Lord, Sovereign, Law-giver; Who alone is the all-knowing. [b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination with arrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  85. 85. SUCH AS: [c] To deny that Allah has absolute power over all things, and that things which occur, although by means of ‘cause and effect’ yet, it can occur only by Allah’s permission. [d] Ascribing to Allah attributes that contradict His Exalted Majesty e.g. holding to anthropomorphic beliefs. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  86. 86. Meaning: “apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade; ” Acts, through words and deeds, that causes a person to no longer be regarded as a Muslim. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  87. 87. SUCH AS: [a] Outright renunciation. [b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam. [c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa; [d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacred symbols (SHI’-AR) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba, mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  88. 88. SUCH AS: [e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully trying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity is being compromised: “Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  90. 90. “Those who believe then reject Faith, then believe (again) and (again) reject Faith and go on increasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them, nor guide them on the way. To the Hypocrites (MUNAAFIQEEN) give the glad tidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  92. 92. “O you who have attained to faith! If you ever (MURTAD) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bring forth [in your stead] people whom He loves and who love Him - humble towards the believers, powerful (stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who (YUJAAHIDU) strive hard in Allah's cause, and do not fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them: such is Allah's favour, which He grants unto whom He wills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  93. 93. LET US TURN TO ALLAH WITH THIS .... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  94. 94. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  95. 95. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  96. 96. “Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” (Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  97. 97. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  98. 98. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . And all the Praises is for Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the worlds. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  99. 99. ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  100. 100. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 101

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