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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
““INTRODUCT...
 It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to ...
PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS”
PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013...
PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will
make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the
religion(Deen); and f...
““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes yourThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes your
remember Al...
PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrationsKnowledge is not from the listening of much narrations
(or merely ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withWhoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with
the learned (scholars...
““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of)
going out (s...
"Indeed the"Indeed the scholarsscholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fallare the inheritors of the Prop...
““((‘ilm‘ilm) Knowledge without) Knowledge without AdabAdab,,
is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);is like (hav...
 Purify his soul (Purify his soul (nafsnafs) from impure) from impure
traits and blameworthytraits and blameworthy
charac...
 Remove impediments (affairs of the world)Remove impediments (affairs of the world)
to devote with undivided attention to...
 Never scorn knowledge nor exaltNever scorn knowledge nor exalt
himself/herself over the teacher.himself/herself over the...
 Observe priority in learning and submitObserve priority in learning and submit
to the advise of the teacher in theto the...
 Must be patient and not be hasty inMust be patient and not be hasty in
learning as one may need to masterlearning as one...
 Do not attempt to address every branchDo not attempt to address every branch
of knowledge but must observe orderof knowl...
 Learn to ascertain the noble nature ofLearn to ascertain the noble nature of
this or other science.this or other science...
 Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner selfPurpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self
with virtue...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
Avoid polemics.Avoid polemics.
(Difference between(Difference between Maslahat al-mursalahMaslahat al-mursalah andand Bid’...
As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by
Ima...
As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by
Ima...
 Refer also to the traditional text :Refer also to the traditional text :
“Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum”
““INSTRUCT...
EPISTEMOLOGY
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
Knowledge is a collection ofKnowledge is a collection of factsfacts,, informationinformation,,
and/orand/or skillsskills a...
factsfacts,, informationinformation
SkillsSkills
KnowledgeKnowledge
educationeducation
MA’-LUMAT
(information; facts)
SINA...
Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions:
““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huh...
EPISTEMOLOGY
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
Whatever is outside of theWhatever is outside of the
person – to be regarded asperson – to be regarded as
information (inf...
Information may not necessarilyInformation may not necessarily
convey any meanings, but can beconvey any meanings, but can...
Every one may have equal accessEvery one may have equal access
to a given information.to a given information.
Yet, there c...
Just as raw data input are meantJust as raw data input are meant
to be processed by the computer ,to be processed by the c...
THUS the Qur’an categorizeTHUS the Qur’an categorize
these (information) as: “these (information) as: “SignsSigns” –” –
aa...
NoteNote::
Arabic word “Arabic word “universeuniverse” and “” and “a scholar; one whoa scholar; one who
is knowledgeableis...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“ If it [Tasawwuf] consisted of practices, it could be acquired by
effort(mujahadah), and if it consisted of sciences, it ...
The distinction between practices (rusum) and akhlaq is this, that
practices are contrived (bi-takalluf) actions proceedin...
““The knowledge is what benefits,The knowledge is what benefits,
not what is memorized”not what is memorized”
((Imam Muham...
““O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you sayO YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say
one thing and do anothe...
““Do you bid other people to be pious, the while youDo you bid other people to be pious, the while you
forget your own sel...
““THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah,THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden o...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
As reflected by
Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
(Manager PERGAS - 2000)
When...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Now there is a kind of man whose views on the life of thisNow there is a kind of man whose views on the life of this
wor...
REFLECTION:
Today, leaders are chosen by people based on their ability to impress and
dazzle others with their speeches.
E...
REFLECTION:
It is frightening that Islamic values and principle in ascertaining the
rightful leadership of the Muslims hav...
““But whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreadingBut whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreading
c...
“And whenever he is told, "Be conscious of Allah (TAQWA)," his
false pride drives him into sin: wherefore hell will be his...
MUSLIMMUSLIM
Submission
TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM
MUNAAFIQEENMUNAAFIQEEN
FASIQEENFASIQEEN
MUJRIMEENMUJRIMEEN
ZOLIMEENZO...
MUSLIMMUSLIM
MU’MEENMU’MEEN
MUMUHHSEENSEEN
MUKHLISWEEN
MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN
Believer
Submission
Best or righteous conduct
Si...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Hast thou not observed those who assert that they believe inHast thou not observed those who assert that they believe in...
““As for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies inAs for those who take the deniers of the truth for the...
REFLECTION:
From being a Muslim, actually one has to strive towards being true
believer – Mu’-meen. Without which, hypocri...
““When it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed andWhen it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed...
ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Of the people there are some who say: "We believe in Allah and
the Last Day" but they do not (really) believe. Fain woul...
““When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth", theyWhen it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth"...
““When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say:When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believ...
“When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe" but when
they are alone with their evil ones (SHAYAATIN – their ...
REFLECTION:
These Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insist their
loyalty and affiliation is with the Mus...
HE WHO SERVES TWO MASTERS
IS FALSE TO ONE OF THEM
(Arabic Proverb)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL...
““Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them ropeAllah will throw back their mockery on them and give them ...
““These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but theirThese are they who have bartered guidance for error: but t...
REFLECTION:
Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme, having their
ways infiltrating into the Muslim ...
FALSEHOODFALSEHOOD IS FLEETING BYIS FLEETING BY
MOMENTARILY,MOMENTARILY,
BUT THEBUT THE TRUTHTRUTH WILL REMAINWILL REMAIN
...
“Of those who reject faith the patrons are the TAGHUT – (Evil Ones):
from light they will lead them forth into the depths ...
REFLECTION:
Allah tells us that these hypocrites (MUNAFIQUN) and the Unbelievers
(KAFIRUN) are in fact being led by TAGHUT...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““O you who believe!O you who believe! Take notTake not for friends and protectorsfor friends and protectors thosethose
wh...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless
you follow their form of religion.
Say: "The Guidance ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for yourO ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians fo...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writAnd, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ
that ...
85All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
86
““O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanahbitaanah**))
th...
87
““O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear AllahO ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah
((TA...
88
““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community),
One who do not respect our elders, orOne who...
89
“A person is upon the religion (way of life)
of the ones (friends) he is close to,
therefore look to whom you (love to ...
90
””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN
(Re...
91
““Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increaseWhosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increas...
92
““He is not an ascetic (He is not an ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the) he who is detached (denoun...
93
““He who does not exert cautious abstinence (He who does not exert cautious abstinence (WARA’)WARA’) while learning,whi...
““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true andO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and
grant us the ability to follo...
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"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have
forgotten or erred. Our...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
"Verily Allah does not removeVerily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) peopleknowledge from the (hea...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (august-2013-batch) -lesson#3b -preparation-for-learning-cont'd-(11-sept-2013)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (august-2013-batch) -lesson#3b -preparation-for-learning-cont'd-(11-sept-2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““INTRODUCTION TO THEINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 3 b –LESSON # 3 b – PREPARATION FOR LEARNINGPREPARATION FOR LEARNING (continuation)(continuation) INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED –UPDATED – 11 September 201311 September 2013All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  2. 2.  It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, itWhen it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “is called “NafsNafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (AHWALAHWAL))  The wordThe word ““QolbQolb” – “” – “Fu-adFu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul,” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings.when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintaining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.Maintaining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grantsWhen Allah s.w.t. grants TaufiqTaufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “LubbLubb” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’  If is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “If is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “SirrSirr” – ‘secret’” – ‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self.But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam EPISTEMOLOGY PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  3. 3. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  4. 4. “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  5. 5. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  6. 6. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  7. 7. ““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes yourThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever heremember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and withspeaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for yourhis deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  8. 8. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  9. 9. ““Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrationsKnowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light(or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.”(which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.” ((Saying ofSaying of ** Ibnu Mas’ud r.aIbnu Mas’ud r.a.).) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w.The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  11. 11. ““Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withWhoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish;the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself;or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.”Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” ((Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn MajahHadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)) WARNING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  12. 12. ““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofgoing out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm‘ilm (knowledge)” –(knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)(Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  13. 13. "Indeed the"Indeed the scholarsscholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fallare the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? Theinto covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmenmerchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they areare the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? Thetreacherous, who can be trusted? The warriorswarriors are the guests of Allahare the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom canso if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous andwe defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic onesascetic ones are the kings ofare the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. havethe earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’riya’), who shall be), who shall be followed? Thefollowed? The governors/rulersgovernors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of theare the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect thepeople, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?"flock?" - Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak- Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  14. 14. ““((‘ilm‘ilm) Knowledge without) Knowledge without AdabAdab,, is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); andand AdabAdab without knowledge (without knowledge (‘ilm‘ilm) ,) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.”is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  15. 15.  Purify his soul (Purify his soul (nafsnafs) from impure) from impure traits and blameworthytraits and blameworthy characteristics.characteristics. 15 Such as:-Such as:- ‘‘ujubujub (self-conceit)(self-conceit) JuJuhhudud (ungrateful; obstinacy)(ungrateful; obstinacy) KibrKibr (arrogance)(arrogance) HasdHasd (jealousy)(jealousy) Riya’Riya’ (ostentatious)(ostentatious) Hub al-jahHub al-jah (love for status)(love for status) Hub ad-dunyaHub ad-dunya (love of the world)(love of the world) Etc.Etc. .. amongst others ...... amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purifyHe is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow,and causes it to grow, ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  16. 16.  Remove impediments (affairs of the world)Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to theto devote with undivided attention to the study.study. 16 ““Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  17. 17.  Never scorn knowledge nor exaltNever scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher.himself/herself over the teacher. 17 ““Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’),Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’), Allah will raise his rank (and status);Allah will raise his rank (and status); and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur)and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur) Allah will humiliate him.”Allah will humiliate him.” ((Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.)) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  18. 18.  Observe priority in learning and submitObserve priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in theto the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning.matters of his learning. 18 ““... and be satisfied with your ignorance... and be satisfied with your ignorance if you have wronged a teacher.”if you have wronged a teacher.” A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  19. 19.  Must be patient and not be hasty inMust be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to masterlearning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge.praiseworthy knowledge. 19 ““Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas)Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas) hastiness is from satan.”hastiness is from satan.” ((Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.aHadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a.).) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  20. 20.  Do not attempt to address every branchDo not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe orderof knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important.and begin with the most important. 20 O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward beforeO ye who believe! put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah:Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah: for Allah is He who hears and knows all things.for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  21. 21.  Learn to ascertain the noble nature ofLearn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science.this or other science. 21 Such as to know value & priority:-Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh ‘AinFardh ‘Ain (personal obligation)(personal obligation) Fardh KifayaFardh Kifaya (community obligation)(community obligation) MuqaddimatMuqaddimat (introductory)(introductory) MukhtasarMukhtasar (Summary)(Summary) MufasssalMufasssal (Detail)(Detail) MujmalMujmal (General)(General) KhususiyaKhususiya (Specialised)(Specialised) UsulUsul (Principles)(Principles) Furu’Furu’ (Branches or secondary)(Branches or secondary) Manfa’atManfa’at (beneficial)(beneficial) Ghoyr Manfa’atGhoyr Manfa’at (not beneficial)(not beneficial) Etc.Etc. .. amongst others ...... amongst others .... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  22. 22.  Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner selfPurpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“Taqarrub-il-Taqarrub-il- lAllaahlAllaah”) and attainment of piety (“”) and attainment of piety (“TaqwaTaqwa”).”). 22 Verily the most honoured of you in the sightVerily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you.of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  24. 24. Avoid polemics.Avoid polemics. (Difference between(Difference between Maslahat al-mursalahMaslahat al-mursalah andand Bid’ahBid’ah)) 1.1. NiyyatNiyyat : Essentials (: Essentials (ruknrukn ’’) in every worship (servitude).) in every worship (servitude). 2.2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind.Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3.3. In language that one understands.In language that one understands. 4.4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act.Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5.5. Clarity of action and purpose.Clarity of action and purpose. 6.6. To eradicate ambiguity.To eradicate ambiguity. 7.7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t.Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  25. 25. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-HaddadImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad ((rahimahullahrahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  26. 26. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-HaddadImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad ((rahimahullahrahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. ““I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to shareI intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s)benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to thebestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of Histeachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, toMessenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to pleaseshow to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (HisAllah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin”acceptance and) His reward. Amin” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  27. 27.  Refer also to the traditional text :Refer also to the traditional text : “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum” ““INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OFINSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING”LEARNING” by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji.by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji. 27All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  28. 28. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  29. 29. Knowledge is a collection ofKnowledge is a collection of factsfacts,, informationinformation,, and/orand/or skillsskills acquired through experience oracquired through experience or educationeducation oror (more generally) the theoretical or practical understanding of(more generally) the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject.a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) orIt can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject);explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); and it can be more or less formal or systematic.and it can be more or less formal or systematic. OXFORD DICTIONARIES’ DEFINITION: EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  30. 30. factsfacts,, informationinformation SkillsSkills KnowledgeKnowledge educationeducation MA’-LUMAT (information; facts) SINA’-AH (skills, industrious); FANNIYAH (artistry); ’ILM – (science and knowledge) TA-ADDIB; - which includes TA’-LIM; TAR-BIYYAH; TAZKIYYAH, etc. EQUIVALENT TERMS USED IN ISLAM EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  31. 31. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’sthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (arrival (wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”of knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the properthe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemplace of anything in a system ...”...” ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  32. 32. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  33. 33. Whatever is outside of theWhatever is outside of the person – to be regarded asperson – to be regarded as information (information ( ) – not) – not knowledge ( ).knowledge ( ). Knowledge resides in theKnowledge resides in the person – and is also anperson – and is also an attribute (attribute (sifatsifat- ) of the- ) of the person him/herself.person him/herself. ** By person we mean theBy person we mean the ““spiritual soulspiritual soul” -” - RUHRUH.. * Unlike those with secular worldview that regard knowledge to reside in the person’s ‘physical’ (brain). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  34. 34. Information may not necessarilyInformation may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can beconvey any meanings, but can be subjected to process orsubjected to process or interpretation – by a human –interpretation – by a human – striving to seek and arriving atstriving to seek and arriving at understanding of “understanding of “meaningsmeanings”” from it.from it. Knowledge has to do withKnowledge has to do with ““meaningsmeanings” – which may” – which may include abstract concepts andinclude abstract concepts and construct, beyond theconstruct, beyond the material forms.material forms. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  35. 35. Every one may have equal accessEvery one may have equal access to a given information.to a given information. Yet, there can be differenceYet, there can be difference in levels and depths ofin levels and depths of knowledge to a givenknowledge to a given information, dependinginformation, depending upon who contemplatesupon who contemplates upon it.upon it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  36. 36. Just as raw data input are meantJust as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer ,to be processed by the computer , our readings, observations, news,our readings, observations, news, data and information etc. aredata and information etc. are objects to be understood andobjects to be understood and possible meanings from it to bepossible meanings from it to be comprehended by us human.comprehended by us human. It is when cognition of manIt is when cognition of man are applied to processare applied to process these information, that hethese information, that he may be said to arrive atmay be said to arrive at ‘‘knowledgeknowledge’ (i.e. when it’ (i.e. when it becomes ‘meaningful’ –becomes ‘meaningful’ – beneficial - to the Soul).beneficial - to the Soul). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  37. 37. THUS the Qur’an categorizeTHUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “these (information) as: “SignsSigns” –” – aayataayat (( )) Al-Qur’an –Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyahaayat Qawliyyah Universe –Universe – aayat Kauniyahaayat Kauniyah THUS the Qur’anic approachTHUS the Qur’anic approach for man’s education enjoinsfor man’s education enjoins him to “him to “ReadRead” (” ( )) these signs to arrive at thethese signs to arrive at the ““meaningsmeanings” – regarding the” – regarding the REALITYREALITY.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  38. 38. NoteNote:: Arabic word “Arabic word “universeuniverse” and “” and “a scholar; one whoa scholar; one who is knowledgeableis knowledgeable” is spelt:” is spelt: ( )( ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  42. 42. “ If it [Tasawwuf] consisted of practices, it could be acquired by effort(mujahadah), and if it consisted of sciences, it could be gained by instruction (ta'allum ) but it is akhlaq and it is not acquired until you demand from yourself the requirements (hukm) of akhlaq, conform your actions to them, and do justice to them. Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him] All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  43. 43. The distinction between practices (rusum) and akhlaq is this, that practices are contrived (bi-takalluf) actions proceeding from particular motives (asbab), such that their "outer form" (zahir) is at variance with their "inner truth" (batin); they are actions devoid of essence (ma'na). Akhlaq, on the other hand, are non-contrived praiseworthy actions not proceeding from particular motives. Their outer form is in harmony with their inner truth; they are actions devoid of pretension.” Imam ‘Ali Hujwiri [May Allah be pleased with him] All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  44. 44. ““The knowledge is what benefits,The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized”not what is memorized” ((Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. aImam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  45. 45. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you sayO YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say one thing and do another?one thing and do another? Most loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that youMost loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do!”say what you do not do!” ((Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  46. 46. ““Do you bid other people to be pious, the while youDo you bid other people to be pious, the while you forget your own selves - and yet you recite the divineforget your own selves - and yet you recite the divine writ?writ? Will you not, then, use your reason?”Will you not, then, use your reason?” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  47. 47. ““THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah,THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah, and thereafter failed to bear this burden, is that of an ass that carries aand thereafter failed to bear this burden, is that of an ass that carries a load of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous is the parableload of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous is the parable of people who are bent on giving the lie to Allah's messages - for Allahof people who are bent on giving the lie to Allah's messages - for Allah does not bestow His guidance upon such evildoing folk!”does not bestow His guidance upon such evildoing folk!” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) As reflected by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Manager PERGAS - 2000) When PERGAS moved to WISMA INDAH (1999), the interior was designed and certain meanings have been reflected, so as to explain through them, the ISLAMIC EDUCATION for which this centre aims to achieve in serving ISLAM and the UMMAH. What are these … meaning? *PERGAS – “Persatuan Ulama’ dan Guru-guru Agama Islam Singapura” Singapore Islamic Scholars and Religious Teachers’ Association http://www.slideshare.net/zhulkeflee/sli deshare-ahlanwasahlanmeaning-in-the- design-23546232 Go to link:Go to link:
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  51. 51. ““Now there is a kind of man whose views on the life of thisNow there is a kind of man whose views on the life of this world may please thee greatly, and [the more so as] he citesworld may please thee greatly, and [the more so as] he cites Allah as witness to what is in his heart and is, moreover,Allah as witness to what is in his heart and is, moreover, exceedingly skilful in argument.”exceedingly skilful in argument.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 204Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 204)) “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  52. 52. REFLECTION: Today, leaders are chosen by people based on their ability to impress and dazzle others with their speeches. Even those with better character, outstanding moral qualities, proven ability to serve, etc. may simply be ‘passed-over’ by such people who can mesmerised others. They may even claim to religiosity and piety; exceedingly skilful in imitating the learned with information they may read in books and internet; and with their social skills they often manoeuvre and position themselves amongst religious groups seeking to gain ‘credentials’ through such associations. “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  53. 53. REFLECTION: It is frightening that Islamic values and principle in ascertaining the rightful leadership of the Muslims have been replaced with the secular culture of “corporate governance”, where economic consideration and pragmatism, is unashamedly embraced over ethical-religious consideration. “TAQWA” or any references towards adhering to Islamic principles are regarded as orthodox, antiquated and irrelevant to their “progressive”, “open-minded”, “liberal” and “moderate” religiosity (as though coining a new type of ‘Islam’, whatever that means!). “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  54. 54. ““But whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreadingBut whenever he prevails, he goes about the earth spreading corruption and destroying [man's] tilth and progeny: and Allahcorruption and destroying [man's] tilth and progeny: and Allah does not love corruption.”does not love corruption.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 205Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 205)) “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  55. 55. “And whenever he is told, "Be conscious of Allah (TAQWA)," his false pride drives him into sin: wherefore hell will be his allotted portion-and how vile a resting-place! ” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 206) “NIFAAQ” - SICKNESS OF THE HEART (SOUL) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  56. 56. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MUNAAFIQEENMUNAAFIQEEN FASIQEENFASIQEEN MUJRIMEENMUJRIMEEN ZOLIMEENZOLIMEEN GHOFILEENGHOFILEEN MUSRIFEENMUSRIFEEN MUFSIDEENMUFSIDEEN IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHERIF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING ....STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN ETC. God-consciousness or Piety LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) WARNING !
  57. 57. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM MAQOM AT-TAUBAHMAQOM AT-TAUBAH MAQOM AL-WARA’MAQOM AL-WARA’ MAQOM AZ-ZUHUDMAQOM AZ-ZUHUD MAQOM AL-’ARIFEENMAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  59. 59. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  60. 60. ““Hast thou not observed those who assert that they believe inHast thou not observed those who assert that they believe in that which hath been sent down unto thee and that which haththat which hath been sent down unto thee and that which hath been sent down before thee desiring to go tobeen sent down before thee desiring to go to TAGHUTTAGHUT (the devil)(the devil) for judgement, whereas they have been commanded tofor judgement, whereas they have been commanded to disbelieve in him; anddisbelieve in him; and SatanSatan desires to lead them far astray.”desires to lead them far astray.” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 60)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  61. 61. ““As for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies inAs for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies in preference to the believers - do they hope to be honoured by thempreference to the believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?”when, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  62. 62. REFLECTION: From being a Muslim, actually one has to strive towards being true believer – Mu’-meen. Without which, hypocrisy (NIFAQ) may afflict such Muslim - especially when they lack sincerity towards Allah and the Prophet s.a.a.w. Such people would inwardly reject Islam and its teachings, preferring other “-isms”, ways or rules, even when these are contrary to the Islamic principles. Their ignorance of Islam would be obvious yet, they may styled themselves as being well-read, intellectual and ‘knowledgeable ’ on the subject of Islam. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  63. 63. ““When it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed andWhen it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed and to the Messenger": thou sees theto the Messenger": thou sees the HypocritesHypocrites ((MunafiqunMunafiqun) , avert) , avert their faces from thee in disgust.”their faces from thee in disgust.” ((Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 61)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  64. 64. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  65. 65. ““Of the people there are some who say: "We believe in Allah and the Last Day" but they do not (really) believe. Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe, but they only deceive themselves, and realize (it) not! In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves).”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 8-10)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  66. 66. ““When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth", theyWhen it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth", they say: "Why, we only want to make peace!"say: "Why, we only want to make peace!" ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 11)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  67. 67. ““When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say:When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a surety they are"Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know.“the fools, but they do not know.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 13)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  68. 68. “When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe" but when they are alone with their evil ones (SHAYAATIN – their leaders) they say: "We are really with you, we (were) only jesting.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 14) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  69. 69. REFLECTION: These Muslims, referred to as hypocrites, would outwardly insist their loyalty and affiliation is with the Muslims, yet they are merely mocking Islam. They may have a hidden agenda for this, because their true loyalty is in fact with their ‘leaders’ whom Allah describes as their ‘Satans’ (SHAYAATIN). ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  70. 70. HE WHO SERVES TWO MASTERS IS FALSE TO ONE OF THEM (Arabic Proverb) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) ““Allah has not made for any man twoAllah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “hearts in his (one) body “ ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4))
  71. 71. ““Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them ropeAllah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses (in their trespasses (TUGHYANTUGHYAN) ; so they will wander like blind ones) ; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro)”(to and fro)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  72. 72. ““These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but theirThese are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.”traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 16)) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  73. 73. REFLECTION: Although it may seem that they are successful in their scheme, having their ways infiltrating into the Muslim community and institutions, this is only because Allah has gave them temporary leeway, to test all of us mankind. Yet, the reality is that they (MUNAFIQUN) have no true direction in life, they are astray, groping like the blind. ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  74. 74. FALSEHOODFALSEHOOD IS FLEETING BYIS FLEETING BY MOMENTARILY,MOMENTARILY, BUT THEBUT THE TRUTHTRUTH WILL REMAINWILL REMAIN TILL THE ENDTILL THE END OF TIMEOF TIME (Arabic Proverb)(Arabic Proverb) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “ And proclaim: "The Truth has come, and falsehood has vanished. Surely falsehood is ever bound to vanish." (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 81)
  75. 75. “Of those who reject faith the patrons are the TAGHUT – (Evil Ones): from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257) ATTITUDE OF THE ‘MUNAFIQUN’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  76. 76. REFLECTION: Allah tells us that these hypocrites (MUNAFIQUN) and the Unbelievers (KAFIRUN) are in fact being led by TAGHUT, who is their WALIY (patron, protector, friend, helper, etc.). When judged in the light of Islam, their life is moving along a slippery downward path into further unbelief. One of the most glaring sign of the MUNAFIQUN is their ‘intimate’ alliance, and almost sycophantic dependence upon the help and patronage of those whom Allah had warned us to be vigilant against. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  78. 78. ““O you who believe!O you who believe! Take notTake not for friends and protectorsfor friends and protectors thosethose who take your religion for a mockery or sportwho take your religion for a mockery or sport,― whether among,― whether among those who received the Scripture before you, or among thosethose who received the Scripture before you, or among those who reject Faith; but (be conscious and) fear you Allah, if youwho reject Faith; but (be conscious and) fear you Allah, if you have Faith (indeed).”have Faith (indeed).” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 57)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  80. 80. “Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of Allah that is the (only) Guidance." Were you to follow their desires, after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor Helper against Allah.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  82. 82. ““O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for yourO ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your AULIYA’AULIYA’ (friends, helpers, protectors, etc.): they are but friends(friends, helpers, protectors, etc.): they are but friends and protectors to each other. Andand protectors to each other. And he amongst youhe amongst you that turns tothat turns to them (for friendship, patronage)them (for friendship, patronage) is of themis of them. Verily Allah guides. Verily Allah guides not a people unjust.”not a people unjust.” ((Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 51) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  84. 84. ““And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writAnd, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ that whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah'sthat whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah's messages and mock at them,messages and mock at them, you shall avoid their companyyou shall avoid their company until they begin to talk of other things - or else, verily, youuntil they begin to talk of other things - or else, verily, you will become like them.will become like them. Behold, together with those whoBehold, together with those who deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,”deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  85. 85. 85All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  86. 86. 86 ““O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanahbitaanah**)) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you.those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appearedThey only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. Wefrom their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom.have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. ((Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118)) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  87. 87. 87 ““O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear AllahO ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah ((TAQWATAQWA) and be with those who are true (in word and) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).”deed).” ((Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  88. 88. 88 ““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, orOne who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and One who do not know ourOne who do not know our ‘Ulama’ -‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholarsIslamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .”(and respect their rights ) .” ((Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by TabranyHadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  89. 89. 89 “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  90. 90. 90 ””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into(Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquirethe person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your(the knowledge of) your DEENDEEN (Religion).”(Religion).” Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims:Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  91. 91. 91 ““Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increaseWhosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (in his detachment (ZUHDZUHD) for the world, would not have any) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further”increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” ((Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.aHadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  92. 92. 92 ““He is not an ascetic (He is not an ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID)) is one who detaches himself from all otheris one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luhAllah jallaajalaa-luh)”)” ((Explanation of “Explanation of “ZUHDZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  93. 93. 93 ““He who does not exert cautious abstinence (He who does not exert cautious abstinence (WARA’)WARA’) while learning,while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways:God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or[1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or[2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”[3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.” A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIMTA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  94. 94. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true andO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  96. 96. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us aforgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we haveOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; andno ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give ushave mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."victory over the disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  98. 98. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  99. 99. "Verily Allah does not removeVerily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) peopleknowledge from the (hearts of the) people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars –, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars – ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and give), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and give fatwasfatwas – religious rulings, (they give) without– religious rulings, (they give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“ ((Hadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  100. 100. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 100All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))

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