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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
““INTRODUCT...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
““Consider the human self (Consider the human self (NAFSNAFS), and how it is formed in), and how it is formed in
accordanc...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
“He (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people
a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto
them His messa...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
NON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANSNON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANS
Sustenance
Growth (Physical)
Reproduction (sexual)
Moveme...
“Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to
try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight...
“But nay - they who are bent on evildoing follow but their own
desires, without having any knowledge (of the truth). And w...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
“AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever-
true] faith, turning away from all that is false, in
accordance w...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
““ QuwwahQuwwah ””
((Faculty or PowerFaculty or Power))
 IntelligenceIntelligence
 AngerAnger
 DesireDesire
 Imaginati...
TO CONTINUE ... this Lesson # 4TO CONTINUE ... this Lesson # 4
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
““Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when heHas there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he
was...
Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self
THE WORLDTHE WORLD
TIMETIME
SELFSELFBODYBODY
TONGUETONGUE
MINDMIND
DE...
Islam: to submit the entire
self (body, tongue, heart and
Mind) – Freeing it from desire
which needs to always be guided
t...
 It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘” – ‘spiritspirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do’, when we refer to ...
“Verily never will Allah change the condition (LAA YU-GHAIYIRU) of
a people until they change it (BI - AN-FU-SI-HIM) thems...
““That is because Allah would not change a favour which He hadThat is because Allah would not change a favour which He had...
As children of Adam, we were created with a noble destinyAs children of Adam, we were created with a noble destiny
capable...
We are not “We are not “compelledcompelled ” to be the best, for we have been given the” to be the best, for we have been ...
““And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, 'If you are gratefulAnd [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, 'If you are grat...
Yet, mankind must learnt from the Adamic (Yet, mankind must learnt from the Adamic (FIFITwTwRAHRAH) innocence) innocence
a...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
““Thereupon Adam received words [of guidance] from hisThereupon Adam received words [of guidance] from his
Sustainer, andS...
Amongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing theAmongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing the
upward path...
““O you who have attained to faith! (O you who have attained to faith! (UD-KHULUD-KHUL) Surrender) Surrender
(lit. “enter!...
Amongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showingAmongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing
the upward path of ...
Qur’an: Surah al -A’-raf: 7: Aayat 11 - 30Qur’an: Surah al -A’-raf: 7: Aayat 11 - 30
1. Get into groupings (not more than ...
““Yea, indeed, We have created you, and then formed you; andYea, indeed, We have created you, and then formed you; and
the...
““[And Allah] said: "What has kept thee from prostrating thyself[And Allah] said: "What has kept thee from prostrating thy...
“[Allah] said: "Down with thee, then, from this [state] - for it is not
meet for thee to show arrogance here! Go forth, th...
““Said [Iblis]: "Grant me a respite till the Day when all shall beSaid [Iblis]: "Grant me a respite till the Day when all ...
““[Whereupon Iblis] said: "Now that Thou hast thwarted me," I shall[Whereupon Iblis] said: "Now that Thou hast thwarted me...
““[And Allah] said: "Go forth from here, disgraced and disowned![And Allah] said: "Go forth from here, disgraced and disow...
“ ‘“ ‘And [as for thee], O Adam', dwell thou and thy wife in thisAnd [as for thee], O Adam', dwell thou and thy wife in th...
““ThereuponThereupon Satan whispered unto the twoSatan whispered unto the two with a view to makingwith a view to making
t...
“And he (Iblis) swore unto them, "Verily, I am of those who wish
you well indeed!"”
(Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 21)
All Rights Rese...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
““ .. and thus he (Iblis) led them on with deluding thoughts. But.. and thus he (Iblis) led them on with deluding thoughts...
““The two replied:The two replied: "O our Sustainer! We have sinned against"O our Sustainer! We have sinned against
oursel...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
““And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to theAnd [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the
angels, "Inde...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
IMPORTANT
“And He taught Adam the names of all things; then He placed them
before the angels, and said: "Tell me the names...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
IMPORTANT
“He said: "O Adam! Tell them their names." When he had told
them, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know th...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
IMPORTANT
““We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; andWe said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the G...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
IMPORTANT
““Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration andThen learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
IMPORTANT
““ Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests,Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion res...
““Said He (Allah): "Down with you, [and be henceforth]Said He (Allah): "Down with you, [and be henceforth] enemiesenemies
...
“O CHILDREN of Adam! Indeed, We have bestowed upon you from on
high [the knowledge of making] garments to cover your naked...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
“O CHILDREN of Adam! Do not allow Satan to seduce you in
the same way as he caused your ancestors to be driven out
of the ...
(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD
IN KITAB “IN K...
(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD
IN KITAB “IN K...
(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD
IN KITAB “IN K...
“... and [so,] whenever they commit a shameful deed, they are wont
to say, "We found our forefathers doing it," and, “Alla...
“Say: "My Sustainer has [but] enjoined the doing of what is right (QISTw) ;
and [He desires you to] put your whole being i...
““... some [of you] He will have graced with His guidance, whereas, for some a... some [of you] He will have graced with H...
Much can be learnt from the above revelation. That Allah’s justiceMuch can be learnt from the above revelation. That Allah...
Although temptations may come from others, yet it is up to
mankind himself to decide. Allah tells us that Satan will absol...
““ And when everything will have been decided, Satan will say:And when everything will have been decided, Satan will say:
...
““O you who have attained to faith! (O you who have attained to faith! (UD-KHULUD-KHUL) Surrender) Surrender
(lit. “enter!...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
And recall when We said to the angels: "ProstrateAnd recall when We said to the angels: "Prostrate
yourselves before Adam"...
“O CHILDREN of Adam! Do not allow Satan to seduce you in the same
way as he caused your ancestors to be driven out of the ...
””Did I not enjoin upon you,Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worshipO children of Adam, that yo...
THOUGHT / INTELLECTTHOUGHT / INTELLECT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
‘UJB
(self-conceit) JUHUUD
(obst...
ANGERANGER
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
GHAYZ’
(violent rage)
TUS-RI’
(hastiness)
TAHUUR
(foolhardin...
DESIREDESIRE
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
KHAT-TWAF
(rapacious)
TWA-MA’
(greed)
FAA-HISH
(indecency-...
IMAGINATIVEIMAGINATIVE
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
MAAKIR
(scheming)
KHA-BITH
(malicious, nasty)
FA...
SAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servants of Mine whoSAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servants of Mine who
have transgre...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
“O you who have attained to faith! Turn unto Allah in
sincere repentance: it may well be that your Sustainer will
efface f...
IMPORTANT
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
Excepted, however, shall be they whoExcepted, however, shall be they who repent and attain torepent and attain to
faith an...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
““INTRODUCT...
““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true
and grant us the ability to follow it...
O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold
what You send, nor (can anyone) send whatev...
Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray
Nor can they lead astray whom You h...
Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive,
nor can they deprive to whom You gi...
Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast-away,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast-away,
nor (can an...
O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,
and Your mercy, and Your grace an...
O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)
that (favour whic...
O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)
on the Day of deprivation (Hereafte...
O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussionsO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions
of ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have
forgotten or erred.forg...
O Allah! Make faith (O Allah! Make faith (iimaniiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts) dear to us and beautify it...
O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims
and join us with ...
‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad
and...
““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!
(He is free) from what ...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson#5 -control-or-be-controlled-(21-september-2016)

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“CONTROL OR BE CONTROLLED”

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson#5 -control-or-be-controlled-(21-september-2016)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQILM -AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 5 –LESSON # 5 – “CONTROL OR BE CONTROLLED” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” UPDATED: 21 SEPTEMBER 2016 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  3. 3. ““Consider the human self (Consider the human self (NAFSNAFS), and how it is formed in), and how it is formed in accordance with what it is meant to be, and how it isaccordance with what it is meant to be, and how it is imbued with moral failings as well as with consciousnessimbued with moral failings as well as with consciousness of Allah!of Allah! To a happy state shall indeed attain he who causes thisTo a happy state shall indeed attain he who causes this [[NAFSNAFS - self]- self] to grow in purityto grow in purity, and truly lost is he who, and truly lost is he who buries it [in darkness].”buries it [in darkness].” ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. “He (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. NON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANSNON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANS Sustenance Growth (Physical) Reproduction (sexual) Movement at will Thought & Speech . .. . . . . . .. . X X X X X X X X X IN PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  8. 8. “Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).” (Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:2-3) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  9. 9. “But nay - they who are bent on evildoing follow but their own desires, without having any knowledge (of the truth). And who could guide those whom Allah has [thus] let go astray, and who (thereupon) have none to succour them?” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 29) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. “AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever- true] faith, turning away from all that is false, in accordance with the natural disposition (FITwRAH) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,] not to allow any change to corrupt what Allah has thus created this is the [purpose of the one] ever-true faith; but most people know it not.-” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  13. 13. ““ QuwwahQuwwah ”” ((Faculty or PowerFaculty or Power))  IntelligenceIntelligence  AngerAnger  DesireDesire  Imagination /Imagination / abstractionabstraction DEFICIENTDEFICIENT  StupidityStupidity  CowardiceCowardice  LethargyLethargy  SubmissiveSubmissive EXCESSIVEEXCESSIVE SlynessSlyness FoolhardinessFoolhardiness RapaciousRapacious TyrannyTyranny MODERATIONMODERATION WisdomWisdom CourageCourage Chaste/modestyChaste/modesty JusticeJustice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. TO CONTINUE ... this Lesson # 4TO CONTINUE ... this Lesson # 4 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  16. 16. ““Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when heHas there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Manwas nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gavefrom a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), ofhim (the gifts), of HearingHearing andand SightSight. We. We showed him the Wayshowed him the Way:: whether he bewhether he be grateful or ungratefulgrateful or ungrateful ((rests on his willrests on his will).”).” ((Qur’an: Insan: 76: 1-3Qur’an: Insan: 76: 1-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  17. 17. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: ““He (Allah) has created man: He has impartedHe (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5)unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  18. 18. Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. TIMETIME SELFSELFBODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachersObedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator: [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. PARENTSPARENTS TEACHERSTEACHERS KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and TeacherRelationship with the Parents and Teacher Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) THE WORLDTHE WORLD
  19. 19.  It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘” – ‘spiritspirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity,When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “it is called “NafsNafs” – ‘” – ‘selfself’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (AHWALAHWAL))  The wordThe word ““QolbQolb” – “” – “Fu-adFu-ad” ‘” ‘heartheart’, also refers to our Soul,’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understandingwhen it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintaining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimatemeanings. Maintaining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grantsWhen Allah s.w.t. grants TaufiqTaufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “LubbLubb” - ‘” - ‘innermostinnermost’; ‘’; ‘corecore’’  If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “SirrSirr” –” – ‘‘secretsecret’’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self.But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN PREVIOUS LESSON
  20. 20. “Verily never will Allah change the condition (LAA YU-GHAIYIRU) of a people until they change it (BI - AN-FU-SI-HIM) themselves (within their own souls/selves).” (Qur’an: ar-Ra’d: 13: 11) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  21. 21. ““That is because Allah would not change a favour which He hadThat is because Allah would not change a favour which He had bestowed upon a people (bestowed upon a people (LAM YA-KUN -MU-GHAI-YIRAN-NI’-MATANLAM YA-KUN -MU-GHAI-YIRAN-NI’-MATAN)) until they change what is within themselves (until they change what is within themselves (BI – AN-FU-SI-HIMBI – AN-FU-SI-HIM). And). And indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 53Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  22. 22. As children of Adam, we were created with a noble destinyAs children of Adam, we were created with a noble destiny capable of surpassing even the angels. Yet, Allah’s Plan and Justicecapable of surpassing even the angels. Yet, Allah’s Plan and Justice requires us to prove ourselves to be deserving of this honour.requires us to prove ourselves to be deserving of this honour. Allah has created us in the best of mould, having that potential toAllah has created us in the best of mould, having that potential to be the best. Yet Allah has equipped within us a free-will, for it is upbe the best. Yet Allah has equipped within us a free-will, for it is up to man to decide whether to be the best or otherwise.to man to decide whether to be the best or otherwise. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  23. 23. We are not “We are not “compelledcompelled ” to be the best, for we have been given the” to be the best, for we have been given the free-will to make decision and with it, the personal responsibility (free-will to make decision and with it, the personal responsibility (TAKLIFTAKLIF).). Accompanying every upward movement is also that risk of falling.Accompanying every upward movement is also that risk of falling. Thus, if the trust (Thus, if the trust (AMANAHAMANAH) is betrayed and the () is betrayed and the (TAKLIFTAKLIF) responsibility) responsibility abused, then there will be the diminishing of man’s status to become theabused, then there will be the diminishing of man’s status to become the lowest of the low. What man decides to do – determine within him (lowest of the low. What man decides to do – determine within him (SELFSELF),), in his intention that propel his actions - shall determine his ultimatein his intention that propel his actions - shall determine his ultimate destiny .destiny . And much of the favours from Allah are accorded to mankind for whichAnd much of the favours from Allah are accorded to mankind for which if they reciprocate with gratitude they will gain more benefit uponif they reciprocate with gratitude they will gain more benefit upon themselves.themselves. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  24. 24. ““And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, 'If you are gratefulAnd [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, 'If you are grateful ((SHA-KAR-TUMSHA-KAR-TUM) , I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you) , I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you deny (deny (KA-FAR-TUMKA-FAR-TUM), indeed, My punishment is severe.”), indeed, My punishment is severe.” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  25. 25. Yet, mankind must learnt from the Adamic (Yet, mankind must learnt from the Adamic (FIFITwTwRAHRAH) innocence) innocence and inclination towards being shameful when wrong, remorsefuland inclination towards being shameful when wrong, remorseful leading to repentance – submitting to the Guidance through Allah’sleading to repentance – submitting to the Guidance through Allah’s message and messengers.message and messengers. Much has to be learnt from the narration of the Qur’an regardingMuch has to be learnt from the narration of the Qur’an regarding the story of the fall from grace of Adam (‘the story of the fall from grace of Adam (‘alayhis-salamalayhis-salam) due to the) due to the enmity of Iblis (enmity of Iblis (la’-natullaahi ‘alayla’-natullaahi ‘alay) towards him and towards all of) towards him and towards all of his descendants. Many may have overlooked or ignored the Adamichis descendants. Many may have overlooked or ignored the Adamic traits shown in this saga. Traits which we are commanded totraits shown in this saga. Traits which we are commanded to preserve.preserve. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  27. 27. ““Thereupon Adam received words [of guidance] from hisThereupon Adam received words [of guidance] from his Sustainer, andSustainer, and He accepted his repentanceHe accepted his repentance: for, verily, He: for, verily, He alone is the-Acceptor of Repentance, the Dispenser ofalone is the-Acceptor of Repentance, the Dispenser of Grace.Grace. [For although] We did say, "Down with you all from this[For although] We did say, "Down with you all from this [state][state]," there shall, none the less, most certainly come," there shall, none the less, most certainly come unto you guidance from Meunto you guidance from Me: and those who follow My: and those who follow My guidance (guidance (TA-BI-’A – HU-DAA -YATA-BI-’A – HU-DAA -YA) need have no fear, and) need have no fear, and neither shall they grieve;”neither shall they grieve;” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37-38Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37-38)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  28. 28. Amongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing theAmongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing the upward path of elevation is the warning to man regarding the pitfallsupward path of elevation is the warning to man regarding the pitfalls which man must strive to avoid.which man must strive to avoid. Due to the Adamic innocence, Man must also be forewarned ofDue to the Adamic innocence, Man must also be forewarned of their enemies amongst Allah’s other creation and to learn of theirtheir enemies amongst Allah’s other creation and to learn of their plans to divert man away from the path of their Lord. Every Divineplans to divert man away from the path of their Lord. Every Divine command, even of advising mankind not to approach or come nearcommand, even of advising mankind not to approach or come near to, contains potential harm to his Soul. Thus the believers areto, contains potential harm to his Soul. Thus the believers are commanded to enter (submit; surrender) fully / completely to Islam.commanded to enter (submit; surrender) fully / completely to Islam. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  29. 29. ““O you who have attained to faith! (O you who have attained to faith! (UD-KHULUD-KHUL) Surrender) Surrender (lit. “enter!”) yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow(lit. “enter!”) yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow not (not (LAA - TAT –TA-BI-’ULAA - TAT –TA-BI-’U) Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he) Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.”is your open foe.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  30. 30. Amongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showingAmongst the guidance from Allah, apart from showing the upward path of elevation is the warning to manthe upward path of elevation is the warning to man regarding the pitfalls which man must strive to avoid.regarding the pitfalls which man must strive to avoid. Man must also be forewarned of their enemies amongstMan must also be forewarned of their enemies amongst Allah’s other creation and to learn of their plans to divertAllah’s other creation and to learn of their plans to divert man away from the path of their Lord.man away from the path of their Lord. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  31. 31. Qur’an: Surah al -A’-raf: 7: Aayat 11 - 30Qur’an: Surah al -A’-raf: 7: Aayat 11 - 30 1. Get into groupings (not more than 8) and do a brief self- introduction to each other in the group. 2. In the Holy Qur’an, mankind is being reminded of their origin and the relevant incident which may still affect them, even today. So we are to learn from it. 3. As a group , discus and list down what are the “learning points”, lessons etc. that your group can extract from the incident in these verses. ““Can I get to knowCan I get to know you ? What haveyou ? What have we learnt?”we learnt?” You are given onlyYou are given only 30 minutes30 minutes to complete this assignmentto complete this assignment TAMRIN TAMRIN (EXERCISE) (EXERCISE) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  32. 32. ““Yea, indeed, We have created you, and then formed you; andYea, indeed, We have created you, and then formed you; and then We said unto the angels, "Prostrate yourselves beforethen We said unto the angels, "Prostrate yourselves before Adam!" - whereupon they [all] prostrated themselves, save Iblis:Adam!" - whereupon they [all] prostrated themselves, save Iblis: he was not among those who prostrated themselves.”he was not among those who prostrated themselves.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 11Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 11)) In the Holy Qur’an, mankind is being reminded of their origin and the relevant incident which may still affect them, even today. So learn from it : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  33. 33. ““[And Allah] said: "What has kept thee from prostrating thyself[And Allah] said: "What has kept thee from prostrating thyself when I commanded theewhen I commanded thee?"?" Answered [Iblis]: "Answered [Iblis]: "I am better than heI am better than he: Thou hast created me out of: Thou hast created me out of fire, whereas him Thou hast created out of clay.”fire, whereas him Thou hast created out of clay.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 12Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 12)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  34. 34. “[Allah] said: "Down with thee, then, from this [state] - for it is not meet for thee to show arrogance here! Go forth, then: verily, among the humiliated shalt thou be!“ (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 13) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  35. 35. ““Said [Iblis]: "Grant me a respite till the Day when all shall beSaid [Iblis]: "Grant me a respite till the Day when all shall be raised from the dead.“raised from the dead.“ [And Allah] replied: "Verily, thou shalt be among those who are[And Allah] replied: "Verily, thou shalt be among those who are granted a respite."granted a respite." ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 14-15Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 14-15)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  36. 36. ““[Whereupon Iblis] said: "Now that Thou hast thwarted me," I shall[Whereupon Iblis] said: "Now that Thou hast thwarted me," I shall most certainly lie inmost certainly lie in ambush for them all along Thy straight wayambush for them all along Thy straight way,, and shalland shall most certainly fall upon them openly as well as in amost certainly fall upon them openly as well as in a manner beyond their ken,manner beyond their ken, and from their right and from their left:and from their right and from their left: andand most of them Thou wilt find ungratefulmost of them Thou wilt find ungrateful.“.“ ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 16-17Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 16-17)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  37. 37. ““[And Allah] said: "Go forth from here, disgraced and disowned![And Allah] said: "Go forth from here, disgraced and disowned! [And][And] as for such of them as follow thee (LI-MAN-TA-BI-’A-KA)as for such of them as follow thee (LI-MAN-TA-BI-’A-KA) - I- I will most certainly fill hell with you all!"will most certainly fill hell with you all!" ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 18Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 18)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  38. 38. “ ‘“ ‘And [as for thee], O Adam', dwell thou and thy wife in thisAnd [as for thee], O Adam', dwell thou and thy wife in this garden, and eat, both of you, whatever you may wish; butgarden, and eat, both of you, whatever you may wish; but do notdo not approach (LAA – TAQ-RA-BA) this one treeapproach (LAA – TAQ-RA-BA) this one tree, lest you become, lest you become evildoers!”evildoers!” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 19Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 19)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  39. 39. ““ThereuponThereupon Satan whispered unto the twoSatan whispered unto the two with a view to makingwith a view to making them conscious of their nakedness, of which [hitherto] they hadthem conscious of their nakedness, of which [hitherto] they had been unaware; and he said: "Your Sustainer has but forbidden youbeen unaware; and he said: "Your Sustainer has but forbidden you this tree lest you two become [as] angels, or lest you live forever.”this tree lest you two become [as] angels, or lest you live forever.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 20Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 20)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  40. 40. “And he (Iblis) swore unto them, "Verily, I am of those who wish you well indeed!"” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 21) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  42. 42. ““ .. and thus he (Iblis) led them on with deluding thoughts. But.. and thus he (Iblis) led them on with deluding thoughts. But as soon as the two had tasted [the fruit] of the tree,as soon as the two had tasted [the fruit] of the tree, theythey became conscious of their nakednessbecame conscious of their nakedness; and they began to cover; and they began to cover themselves with pieced-together leaves from the garden. Andthemselves with pieced-together leaves from the garden. And their Sustainer called unto them: "Did I not forbid that treetheir Sustainer called unto them: "Did I not forbid that tree unto you and tell you, `unto you and tell you, `Verily, Satan is your open foeVerily, Satan is your open foe'?"'?" ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 22Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 22)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  43. 43. ““The two replied:The two replied: "O our Sustainer! We have sinned against"O our Sustainer! We have sinned against ourselves -and unless Thou grant us forgiveness and bestow Thyourselves -and unless Thou grant us forgiveness and bestow Thy mercy upon us, we shall most certainly be lost!“mercy upon us, we shall most certainly be lost!“ (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 23) ROB-BANAA - ZOLAM-NAA ANFUSANAA - WA-IN-LAM-TAGH-FIR-LANAA WA-TAR-HAM-NAA – LANAKUU-NAN-NA – MINAL- KHO-SI-REEN** ** All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  44. 44. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  45. 45. ““And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to theAnd [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successiveangels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority (authority (KHALIFAKHALIFA).")." They said, "They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruptionWill You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise andtherein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify Yousanctify You?"?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know."Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 30Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 30)) IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  46. 46. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  47. 47. IMPORTANT “And He taught Adam the names of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the names of these if ye are right. They said: "Glory to Thee, of knowledge We have none, save what Thou Hast taught us: In truth it is Thou Who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom." (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 31-32) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  48. 48. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  49. 49. IMPORTANT “He said: "O Adam! Tell them their names." When he had told them, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?" And behold, We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam" and they bowed down. Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: He was of those who reject Faith." (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 33-34) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  50. 50. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  51. 51. IMPORTANT ““We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; andWe said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will;eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; butbut approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgressionapproach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression."." Then didThen did Satan make them slipSatan make them slip from the (garden), and get them outfrom the (garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been.of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity betweenGet ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means ofyourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood - for a time."livelihood - for a time." ((Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 35-36Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 35-36)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  52. 52. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  53. 53. IMPORTANT ““Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration andThen learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his Lordhis Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful. We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, thereWe said: "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me,comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidancewhosoever follows My guidance on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieveon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.. ButBut those who reject Faith and belie Our Signsthose who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be, they shall be Companions of the FireCompanions of the Fire; they shall abide therein."; they shall abide therein." ((Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 37-39Qur’an: Surah al-Baqarah 2: 37-39)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  54. 54. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  55. 55. IMPORTANT ““ Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests,Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has the power to will anything: He Who createdsince He has the power to will anything: He Who created death as well as life,death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [andso that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct,thus show] which of you is best in conduct, andand [make you[make you realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.”realize that] He (Allah) alone is almighty, truly forgiving.” ((Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2Qur’an: Surah al-Mulk: 67: 1-2)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  56. 56. ““Said He (Allah): "Down with you, [and be henceforth]Said He (Allah): "Down with you, [and be henceforth] enemiesenemies unto one another,unto one another, having on earth your abode and livelihood for ahaving on earth your abode and livelihood for a while :while : there shall you livethere shall you live" - He added - "and" - He added - "and there shall you diethere shall you die,, andand thence shall you be brought forththence shall you be brought forth [on Resurrection Day]!"[on Resurrection Day]!" ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 24-25Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 24-25)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  57. 57. “O CHILDREN of Adam! Indeed, We have bestowed upon you from on high [the knowledge of making] garments to cover your nakedness, and as a thing of beauty: but the garment of Allah – TAQWA: consciousness (and fear of Allah) is the best of all. Herein lies a message from Allah, so that man might take it to heart." (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 26)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  59. 59. “O CHILDREN of Adam! Do not allow Satan to seduce you in the same way as he caused your ancestors to be driven out of the garden: he deprived them of their garment [TAQWA -of God-consciousness] in order to make them aware of their nakedness. Verily, he and his tribe are lying in wait for you where you cannot perceive them! Verily, We have placed [all manner of] satanic forces near unto those who do not [truly] believe;" (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 27) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  60. 60. (SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN KITAB “IN KITAB “ “ based on As-SUNNAH.“ based on As-SUNNAH. DU’ADU’A All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  61. 61. (SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN KITAB “IN KITAB “ “ based on As-SUNNAH.“ based on As-SUNNAH. DU’ADU’A Allaa-hum-ma -in-naka sal-laAllaa-hum-ma -in-naka sal-latwtw--twtwa ‘alay-naa ‘a-duw-a ‘alay-naa ‘a-duw- wan ba-wan ba-swswee-ron bi- ’u-yuu-bi-naa,ee-ron bi- ’u-yuu-bi-naa, MuMutwtw--twtwali-’an ‘alaa - ‘au-ro-tinaa, ya-raa-naa huwa wa-ali-’an ‘alaa - ‘au-ro-tinaa, ya-raa-naa huwa wa- qo-bii-luhu min hai - thu laa-na-raa-hum,qo-bii-luhu min hai - thu laa-na-raa-hum, Allaa-hum-ma fa - ai-yis-hu min-naa kamaa ai-yas-tahuAllaa-hum-ma fa - ai-yis-hu min-naa kamaa ai-yas-tahu min romin roHH-matik, Wa qon- nit-matik, Wa qon- nitww-hu min-naa- kamaa qon--hu min-naa- kamaa qon- nanatwtw - tahu min - ‘af-wik, Wa- ba-’id bai-nanaa - wa bai-- tahu min - ‘af-wik, Wa- ba-’id bai-nanaa - wa bai- nahu kamaa - ba-’ad - ta – bai -nahu - wa- bai-na - jan-nahu kamaa - ba-’ad - ta – bai -nahu - wa- bai-na - jan- natik, In-naka ‘a-laa - kul-li shai - ’inq - qo-deer.natik, In-naka ‘a-laa - kul-li shai - ’inq - qo-deer. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  62. 62. (SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDADIMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN KITAB “IN KITAB “ “ based on As-SUNNAH.“ based on As-SUNNAH. DU’ADU’A ““O Allah! You have place upon us an enemy who can see ourO Allah! You have place upon us an enemy who can see our privacy and our shortcomings, whereas he and his kind spy uponprivacy and our shortcomings, whereas he and his kind spy upon us from places which we are unable to see them.us from places which we are unable to see them. O Allah! Disappoint their hopes towards us, just as You have madeO Allah! Disappoint their hopes towards us, just as You have made them disappointed in hoping to get Your Blessings.them disappointed in hoping to get Your Blessings. Make them despair (in attaining their plans) towards us, just asMake them despair (in attaining their plans) towards us, just as You made them despair from seeking Your Forgiveness.You made them despair from seeking Your Forgiveness. Keep them away (distance) from us, just as You made them to beKeep them away (distance) from us, just as You made them to be far-away (distance) from Your Paradise.far-away (distance) from Your Paradise. Verily, You (O Allah) is Most Powerful over everything.”Verily, You (O Allah) is Most Powerful over everything.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  63. 63. “... and [so,] whenever they commit a shameful deed, they are wont to say, "We found our forefathers doing it," and, “Allah has enjoined it upon us." Say: "Behold, never does Allah enjoin deeds of abomination. Would you attribute unto Allah something of which you have no knowledge?” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 28) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  64. 64. “Say: "My Sustainer has [but] enjoined the doing of what is right (QISTw) ; and [He desires you to] put your whole being into every act of worship, and to call (WAD-’U-HU – supplicate) unto Him, sincere (MUKH- LI-SWEENA) in your faith in Him alone (LAHUD-DEEN). As it was He who brought you into being in the first instance, so also [unto Him] you will return:” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 29) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  65. 65. ““... some [of you] He will have graced with His guidance, whereas, for some a... some [of you] He will have graced with His guidance, whereas, for some a straying from the right path will have become unavoidable: for, behold, theystraying from the right path will have become unavoidable: for, behold, they will havewill have ** taken [their own] evil impulses for their masters in preference totaken [their own] evil impulses for their masters in preference to AllahAllah, thinking all the while that they have found the right path!”, thinking all the while that they have found the right path!” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 30)Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 30) * “ surely they took the Shaitans for guardians beside Allah” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  66. 66. Much can be learnt from the above revelation. That Allah’s justiceMuch can be learnt from the above revelation. That Allah’s justice is for all of His creatures. But to ensure that mankind is not deceived,is for all of His creatures. But to ensure that mankind is not deceived, the guidance also exposes these other factors which seek thethe guidance also exposes these other factors which seek the downfall of man.downfall of man. Yet, Allah assures us that these malevolent force has no controlYet, Allah assures us that these malevolent force has no control over man unless man allows themselves to be seduced. Althoughover man unless man allows themselves to be seduced. Although there may be incitement, yet man must be responsible himself sincethere may be incitement, yet man must be responsible himself since they are amply equipped with faculties which are quite capable ofthey are amply equipped with faculties which are quite capable of propelling him towards the exalted state.propelling him towards the exalted state. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  67. 67. Although temptations may come from others, yet it is up to mankind himself to decide. Allah tells us that Satan will absolveAllah tells us that Satan will absolve themselves from responsibility for man’s own wickedness:themselves from responsibility for man’s own wickedness: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  68. 68. ““ And when everything will have been decided, Satan will say:And when everything will have been decided, Satan will say: "Behold, Allah promised you something that was bound to"Behold, Allah promised you something that was bound to come true! I, too, held out [all manner of ] promises to youcome true! I, too, held out [all manner of ] promises to you --but I deceived youbut I deceived you.. Yet I had no power at all over you: I butYet I had no power at all over you: I but called you-and you responded unto mecalled you-and you responded unto me. Hence, blame not me,. Hence, blame not me, but blame yourselves.”but blame yourselves.” ((Qur’an:Ibrahim: 14: 22Qur’an:Ibrahim: 14: 22)) Although temptations may come from others, yet it is up to mankind himself to decide. Allah tells us that Satan will absolveAllah tells us that Satan will absolve themselves from responsibility for man’s own wickedness:themselves from responsibility for man’s own wickedness: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  69. 69. ““O you who have attained to faith! (O you who have attained to faith! (UD-KHULUD-KHUL) Surrender) Surrender (lit. “enter!”) yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow(lit. “enter!”) yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow not (not (LAA - TAT –TA-BI-’ULAA - TAT –TA-BI-’U) Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he) Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.”is your open foe.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  71. 71. And recall when We said to the angels: "ProstrateAnd recall when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam"; all of them fell prostrate,yourselves before Adam"; all of them fell prostrate, except Iblis. He was of the jinn and so disobeyed theexcept Iblis. He was of the jinn and so disobeyed the command of his Lord.command of his Lord. Will you, then, take him and hisWill you, then, take him and his progeny as your guardians rather than Me althoughprogeny as your guardians rather than Me although they are your open enemies?they are your open enemies? What an evil substituteWhat an evil substitute are these wrong-doers taking!”are these wrong-doers taking!” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 50Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 50)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  72. 72. “O CHILDREN of Adam! Do not allow Satan to seduce you in the same way as he caused your ancestors to be driven out of the garden: he deprived them of their garment [TAQWA -of God-consciousness] in order to make them aware of their nakedness.;" (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 27) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  73. 73. ””Did I not enjoin upon you,Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worshipO children of Adam, that you not worship Satan - [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemySatan - [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy - And that you worship- And that you worship [only] Me? This is a straight path. And he had already led astray from[only] Me? This is a straight path. And he had already led astray from among you much of creation, so did you not use reason?”among you much of creation, so did you not use reason?” (Qur’an: Yaasin: 36: 60-62(Qur’an: Yaasin: 36: 60-62)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  74. 74. THOUGHT / INTELLECTTHOUGHT / INTELLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ‘UJB (self-conceit) JUHUUD (obstinate / rebellious) SU’UZ-ZON (negative opinion) KUFRUN-NI’MAH (ungrateful) GHAFLAH (heedless of Reality) HUBBU-JIDAAL (love for disputes)
  75. 75. ANGERANGER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) GHAYZ’ (violent rage) TUS-RI’ (hastiness) TAHUUR (foolhardiness) ‘ADAAWAH (enmity, hostility) A’-MAA (blind to the truth) MUH-LIKAH (destructive)
  76. 76. DESIREDESIRE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) KHAT-TWAF (rapacious) TWA-MA’ (greed) FAA-HISH (indecency-shameless) HASAD (envious) KHI-LAA’ (vainglory / boastful) KIBR’ (arrogance) LAA-YAS-BA’ (never satisfied)
  77. 77. IMAGINATIVEIMAGINATIVE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) MAAKIR (scheming) KHA-BITH (malicious, nasty) FAA-SID (corrupt-dishonest) TWU-LUL-AMAAL (procrastination) DWU-LAALI WUHAAMI (delusional)
  78. 78. SAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servants of Mine whoSAY: “[Thus speaks Allah:] ‘O you servants of Mine who have transgressed against your own selves!have transgressed against your own selves! Despair not ofDespair not of Allah’s mercyAllah’s mercy: behold, Allah forgives all sins - for, verily,: behold, Allah forgives all sins - for, verily, He alone is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace!’ “He alone is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace!’ “ ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 53Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 53)) IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  79. 79. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  80. 80. “O you who have attained to faith! Turn unto Allah in sincere repentance: it may well be that your Sustainer will efface from you your bad deeds, and will admit you into gardens through which running waters flow, on a Day on which Allah will not shame the Prophet and those who share his faith: their light will spread rapidly before them, and on their right; [and] they will pray: "O our Sustainer! Cause this our light to shine for us forever, and forgive us our sins: for, verily, Thou hast the power to will anything!“ (Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 8) IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  81. 81. IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  82. 82. Excepted, however, shall be they whoExcepted, however, shall be they who repent and attain torepent and attain to faith and do righteous deedsfaith and do righteous deeds: for it is they whose [erstwhile]: for it is they whose [erstwhile] bad deeds Allah will transform into good ones - seeing thatbad deeds Allah will transform into good ones - seeing that Allah is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace, andAllah is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace, and seeing that he who repents and [thenceforth] does what isseeing that he who repents and [thenceforth] does what is right has truly turned unto Allah by [this very act of]right has truly turned unto Allah by [this very act of] repentance.“repentance.“ ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71)) TO BE CONTINUED ...TO BE CONTINUED ... IMPORTANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  83. 83. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQILM -AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 6 –LESSON # 6 – “VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ TO BE CONTINUED ...TO BE CONTINUED ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  84. 84. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be falseAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  85. 85. O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold what You send, nor (can anyone) send whatever You withholdwhat You send, nor (can anyone) send whatever You withhold All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  86. 86. Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray Nor can they lead astray whom You have guided All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  87. 87. Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive, nor can they deprive to whom You givenor can they deprive to whom You give All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  88. 88. Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast-away,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast-away, nor (can any) be cast-away those whom You draw closernor (can any) be cast-away those whom You draw closer All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  89. 89. O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings, and Your mercy, and Your grace and Yourand Your mercy, and Your grace and Your provisions.provisions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  90. 90. O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours) that (favour which) never ends nor fades away.that (favour which) never ends nor fades away. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  91. 91. O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours) on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter),on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter), and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day).and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  92. 92. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussionsO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us andof what You have given us and from the evil (consequences) of what You have deprived usfrom the evil (consequences) of what You have deprived us of.of. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  94. 94. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that whichOur Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have noOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us.And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over theYou are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  95. 95. O Allah! Make faith (O Allah! Make faith (iimaniiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief (and make disbelief (KufrKufr), sinning (), sinning (FusuqFusuq) and rebelliousness () and rebelliousness (`isyan`isyan)) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (Raa-shi-duunRaa-shi-duun).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  96. 96. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones,and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil.without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  97. 97. ‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad and upon the householdand upon the household and companions of Muand companions of Muhhammadammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers).(the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  98. 98. ““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!(He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers!And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  99. 99. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 99All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))

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