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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson # 6 -types-of-nafs-(28-september-2016)

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“VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS”

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson # 6 -types-of-nafs-(28-september-2016)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED – 28UPDATED – 28 SEPTEMBER 2016SEPTEMBER 2016 ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LESSON # 6 –LESSON # 6 – “VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS” Batch #5 – August 2016
  2. 2.  It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity,When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “it is called “NafsNafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (AHWALAHWAL))  The wordThe word ““QolbQolb” – “” – “Fu-adFu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul,” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understandingwhen it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grantsWhen Allah s.w.t. grants TaufiqTaufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “LubbLubb” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’  If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “SirrSirr” –” – ‘secret’‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self.But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  3. 3. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrivalsubject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival ((wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the proper placethe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemof anything in a system ...”...” ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  4. 4. EPISTEMOLOGY FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  6. 6. “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  7. 7. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true spiritual journey of the Sufi Path is not the path of these pretenders. It is the path of self-remonstrance and the removal of carnal desires (and their inner promptings) with the Sword of Vigilance.“ “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  8. 8. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: ONEONE, sound belief that is free from innovation., sound belief that is free from innovation. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  9. 9. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: TWOTWO, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to return to a life of carnal pleasure.return to a life of carnal pleasure. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  10. 10. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: THREETHREE, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no claims can be laid against you.claims can be laid against you. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  11. 11. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during theThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:spiritual journey: FOURFOUR, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law (, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law (SHARI’AHSHARI’AH) to) to enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High.enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High. Then there is theThen there is the knowledge of the Hereafter*knowledge of the Hereafter* that is necessarythat is necessary for success.for success. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” * ‘UKHRA’ literally means simply ‘other’ , therefore not necessarily referring only to the knowledge of the other life as in “Hereafter” here translated, but can also mean knowledge other than Deeniyat or ‘Sacred law’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  12. 12. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the path of Truth... Know that it is essential for you to attach yourself to a Spiritual Guide and Teacher who, through his spiritual instructions, will purify yourself from evil tendencies and replace them with nobility of character (AKHLAQ- disposition). “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  13. 13. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who renounces love of the world * and the desire for rank * ; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” * HUBB-AD-DUNYA * HUBB-AL-JAAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  14. 14. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who follows an enlightened guide whose spiritual chain extends in unbroken sequence to Muhammad, the Lord of the Messengers “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  15. 15. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  and he who excels in refining himself by observing modesty in eating, speaking and sleeping, and by much praying, almsgiving and fasting; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  16. 16. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  17. 17. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” patience All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  18. 18. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” prayer All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  19. 19. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” thanksgiving All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  20. 20. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” dependence on Allah All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  21. 21. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” certainty of knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  22. 22. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” generosity All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  23. 23. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” contentedness All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  24. 24. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” inner peace All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  25. 25. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” clemency All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  26. 26. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” humility All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  27. 27. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  28. 28. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” truthfulness All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  29. 29. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” modesty All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  30. 30. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” reliability All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  31. 31. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” sobriety All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  32. 32. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” tranquillity All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  33. 33. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” perseverance All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  34. 34. ““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’ life.life. Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere,Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere, to whomever depends to them both (for guidance),to whomever depends to them both (for guidance), in holding on to his religion”in holding on to his religion” REFLECTIONREFLECTION:: We would indeed be afflicted with thisWe would indeed be afflicted with this FitnahFitnah (trial). Only with appropriate(trial). Only with appropriate knowledge andknowledge and irshaadahirshaadah, and more importantly, and more importantly Taufiq wal-Hidaa-yaTaufiq wal-Hidaa-ya fromfrom Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil.Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  35. 35. “ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners with the most experience, who have been living with and nurturing the plants and being the caretaker of its ornaments. Although they are often unassuming by avoiding the gaze of people admiring the garden, yet ignoring them is indeed ignorant heedlessness, compounded with ingratitude, while preferring others less able over them is injustice ” 'If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe” (Qur’an: Surah Ibrahim: 14: 7) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) AN ASPECT OF ADAB IN LEARNING HEED THE ADVICE OF THE TEACHER
  37. 37. al-Jaahiz All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  38. 38. FOR THOSE WHO THINK A parable ““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofgoing out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm‘ilm (knowledge)”(knowledge)” (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)(Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  39. 39. A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK Let us assume our ‘heart-mind’ QALB is like a vessel with a small opening which is capable of acquiring ‘knowledge’ albeit one and a time. Like a marble, we begin to acquire one marble at a time, information or ‘knowledge’ throughout our life, filling the jar with them All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  40. 40. A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK Like a marble, we begin to acquire one marble at a time, information or ‘knowledge’ throughout our life, filling the jar with them All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. Now that we have a lot of marbles, we assume we have ‘knowledge’ – quite oblivious to the ADAB in which it was taught or supposed to have been acquired. A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  42. 42. It is when we want teach or share our ‘knowledge’ – i.e. take out the marbles – for other people, our sharing with them about Islam, that we realise a problem: “which marble first? In what order? priority? How much? .. Etc.“ A parable Analyse how we are acquiring information or ‘knowledge’ FOR THOSE WHO THINK ? THIS REQUIRE OUR KNOWING ALSO THE ‘ADAB’ NOT MERE ILLUSION OF HAVING ‘KNOWLEDGE’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  43. 43. 1. Learning is organic, and new lesson are taught to expand further from what has previously been covered. In Qur’anic classes, students had to revise first the previous lessons before being taught further. If their revision is not favorable, the teacher will not proceed to teach any new lesson. 2. You are to refer to your notes and the PowerPoint slides available. 3. From the list of topic or sub-topics, as reference for your group – discuss and prepare to respond in brief revision to the class for each topics or sub-topics. ““Can I get to knowCan I get to know you ? What haveyou ? What have we learnt?”we learnt?” You are given onlyYou are given only 30 minutes30 minutes to complete this assignmentto complete this assignment TAMRIN TAMRIN (EXERCISE) (EXERCISE) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  44. 44. STORY OF THE ANIMALSTORY OF THE ANIMAL IN THE FARMIN THE FARM HOW IS A PERSON’S “KHULUQ ” (NATURAL DISPOSITION ) DEVELOPED? TAUHEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  45. 45. ESSENCE OF MAN IS THE SPIRITUAL (SOUL) LESSON # 2LESSON # 2 HUMAN CAN CHANGE OR BE CHANGED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) AIMS & PURPOSE OF ISLAMIC LAW
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LESSON # 3 –LESSON # 3 – ABOUT THE NAFS (SELF)
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LESSON # 4 –LESSON # 4 – PREPARATION FOR LEARNING BEWARE OF HYPOCRICY AND THE HYPOCRITES EPISTEMOLOGY – How learning takes place IMPORTANCE OF ADAB IN LEARNING
  48. 48. LESSON # 5 –LESSON # 5 – MANAGE & CONTROL YOUR POWER OR BE CONTROLLED BY THEM BEWARE OF SATAN YOUR AVOWED ENEMY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  49. 49. NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 6 –NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 6 – All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  50. 50. ‘‘UlamaUlama (scholars) of(scholars) of Tasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul AhklaqTasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul Ahklaq, have identified, have identified various states in which the human “various states in which the human “NafsNafs” (self) may be in. It does” (self) may be in. It does not mean that there are many “not mean that there are many “nafsnafs” in a person, but it simply” in a person, but it simply means to describe the nature of characteristic of the “means to describe the nature of characteristic of the “NafsNafs” which” which can be subjected to change.can be subjected to change. Perhaps we can describe this state as the dominant “Perhaps we can describe this state as the dominant “moodmood” of” of our “our “NafsNafs”. One has to be aware of one’s state – termed as “”. One has to be aware of one’s state – termed as “HaalHaal”.”. From the lower imperfect state, one has to strive to overcome themFrom the lower imperfect state, one has to strive to overcome them thereby attaining towards the subsequent level until one reachesthereby attaining towards the subsequent level until one reaches the higher and perfect state.the higher and perfect state. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  52. 52. As explained previously “Nafs” is that “consciousness that is you”. The state of our consciousness in our nafs (self) varies according to its development. Because man is firstly aware of himself, naturally he seeks to satisfy his self due to tendencies motivated by the inherent powers within him which is constantly developing. His awareness of himself is naturally stronger than the awareness of others. Thus his impulses are primarily concern with only fulfilment of its own desires and satisfaction. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  53. 53. If this obsession continues while he is still oblivious to the relationship with others besides himself, unconcerned as to its moral implication, whether it is detrimental to others or not, not even caring about the effect that his present actions will have on his future, etc. - the danger of such a trait in that person is obvious. This state is basic in everyone, and serves as the motivation for it to incite man towards acting out his will and desire. This is called “nafs al-am-marah”- the commanding self. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  54. 54. Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy Qur’an: ““And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's innerAnd yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's inner self (self (NAFS -AMMARAHNAFS -AMMARAH),), does incite [him] to evil, and saved aredoes incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace.only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, myBehold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  55. 55. It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “Nafs al-Nafs al- ammarahammarah”, the commanding Self and if not guided, often it is in”, the commanding Self and if not guided, often it is in conflict with what the mind regards as a moral good.conflict with what the mind regards as a moral good. Many of us are still in this state - impulsive selfish and reckless.Many of us are still in this state - impulsive selfish and reckless. We don’t seem to want to (reason) give a thought to what weWe don’t seem to want to (reason) give a thought to what we are doing. Our only concern is to be able to satisfy ourselves.are doing. Our only concern is to be able to satisfy ourselves. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  56. 56. We pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to beWe pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to be THETHE mostmost important consideration.important consideration. We forget who we actually are, and in Whose presence we exist.We forget who we actually are, and in Whose presence we exist. We may even entertain a grandiose notion of our bloated Ego - “We may even entertain a grandiose notion of our bloated Ego - “I amI am better than hebetter than he” not by any moral or objective standard but because” not by any moral or objective standard but because ““I feel I am betterI feel I am better”.”. Sometimes attributing ourselves a bigger than life importance,Sometimes attributing ourselves a bigger than life importance, carrying ourselves about with an air of arrogance. Even ourcarrying ourselves about with an air of arrogance. Even our expectations from others also may be of the unrealistic kind.expectations from others also may be of the unrealistic kind. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  57. 57. We sometimes tend to be overly sensitive, even “paranoia”; entertaining to our suspicion - where benefit of doubt should be given to others. We harbour “conspiracy theories” and easily accept evil suggestions and whisperings of Satan and of bad people inciting enmity and conflict, judging others without evidence. Our capacity to “love”, which is a natural trait or tendency within us - is wholly directed more to our Self. We look at ourselves always as perfect and unblemished, and expecting others to look at us likewise. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  58. 58. We expect praises for ourselves and resent (even become angry) at any form of criticism even though it is well-meant and true! Instead of reflecting and considering upon what is being said, we immediately react impulsively because our feelings are “hurt”; our bloated Ego is punctured. Some resent because of “who” is saying it rather than “what” is being said, because in his estimation, the other person is lesser than he. With this deluded self-admiration, advice from others to reform in him whatever shortcomings, will be difficult if not impossible. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  59. 59. Thus, a person whoseThus, a person whose NafsNafs (self) is in this state, is emotionally(self) is in this state, is emotionally and directly linked to his “and directly linked to his “QuwwahQuwwah” (innate powers) which” (innate powers) which automatically transform it into reaction with his organs.automatically transform it into reaction with his organs. His tongue, his hands and all other organs are enslaved to followHis tongue, his hands and all other organs are enslaved to follow the dictates of this commanding Self. He or she will become verythe dictates of this commanding Self. He or she will become very impulsive, hasty and quick to temper.impulsive, hasty and quick to temper. Thenceforth, reason and thought processes are completelyThenceforth, reason and thought processes are completely ignored.ignored. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  60. 60. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  61. 61. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: ““He (Allah) has created man: He has impartedHe (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5)unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  62. 62. ““O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] beforedo not put [yourselves] before Allah and His MessengerAllah and His Messenger but be conscious and fear Allahbut be conscious and fear Allah ((TAQWALLAAHTAQWALLAAH). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  64. 64. “HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] whoHAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who makes his own desires (HAWA)makes his own desires (HAWA) his deity, and whomhis deity, and whom Allah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that hisAllah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that his mind is closed to all guidancemind is closed to all guidance], and whose], and whose hearing andhearing and heart He has sealedheart He has sealed, and upon whose, and upon whose sight He hassight He has placed a veilplaced a veil? Who, then, could guide him after Allah? Who, then, could guide him after Allah [has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, ([has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, (TADZAK-TADZAK- KARUNKARUN) bethink your-selves? “) bethink your-selves? “ ((Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  66. 66. ““ALLURING unto man is the (ALLURING unto man is the (HUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAATHUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAAT)) enjoyment of worldly desiresenjoyment of worldly desires through women, andthrough women, and children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver,children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver, and horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All thisand horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All this may be enjoyed in the life of this world (may be enjoyed in the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) - but) - but the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “ ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  67. 67. ““And nothing is the life of this world (And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) but a) but a play and a passing delight; andplay and a passing delight; and the life in the hereafter isthe life in the hereafter is by far the better for all who are conscious of Allahby far the better for all who are conscious of Allah ((YATTAQUUNYATTAQUUN) Will you not, then, use your reason? ”) Will you not, then, use your reason? ” ((Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  68. 68. ““O you who have attained to faith!O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call ofRespond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto thatAllah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you lifewhich will give you life; and know that Allah intervenes; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that untobetween man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.”Him you shall be gathered.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  69. 69. ““And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news ofAnd recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of himhim to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but heto whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from themdetached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators.”he became of the deviators.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  71. 71. ““AndAnd keep yourself patient [by being] with those whokeep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the eveningcall upon their Lord in the morning and the evening,, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes passseeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life,beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, andand do not obey one whose heart We have madedo not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembranceheedless of Our remembrance and who follows hisand who follows his desire (desire (HAWA’HAWA’) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.”) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  72. 72. TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  73. 73. “A believer is the mirror of his brother. When he sees a fault in it, he should correct it." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  80. 80. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. AN-NASEEAN-NASEEHHAHAH The Sincere AdviceThe Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “A believer is the mirror of his brother. When he sees a fault in it, he should correct it." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) AND IT IS BETTER TO BE WITH CLEAN MIRROR THAT IS KEPT CLEAN AND WHICH DO NOT DISTORT
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “And guard against the mischief that will not only bring punishment to the wrong-doers among you. Know well that Allah is severe in punishment.” (Qur’an: Anfaal: 8: 25)
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “Those of the Children of Israel who took to unbelief have been cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, son of Mary, for they rebelled and exceeded the bounds of right. They did not forbid each other from committing the abominable deeds they committed. Indeed what they did was evil.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 78-79)
  84. 84. PARABLE OF THE PASSENGERS ON A SHIP A Saying of Prophet Muhammad [p.b.u.h.] All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  86. 86. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““ Verily! We create man from a drop of mingled sperm, inVerily! We create man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to test him; so We gave him (gifts of) hearing,order to test him; so We gave him (gifts of) hearing, sight. Verily! We have shown him the Way,sight. Verily! We have shown him the Way, whether he bewhether he be grateful or ungratefulgrateful or ungrateful i.e. disbelieving (rests on his will).”i.e. disbelieving (rests on his will).” ((Qur’an: Al-Insan:76: 2-3Qur’an: Al-Insan:76: 2-3))
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Verily,Verily, Allah does not change men’s condition unless theyAllah does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selveschange their inner selves;”;” ((Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11))
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings withAllah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their innerwhich He has graced a people unless they change their inner selvesselves: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.”: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.” ((Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53))
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  90. 90. ““And if We had willed, we could have elevated himAnd if We had willed, we could have elevated him therebythereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desirefollowed his own desire. So his example is like that of. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him,the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people whohe [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps theydenied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.”will give thought.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice FOR THOSE WHO THINK EVERY RAMADHAN FASTING THE WHOLE MUSLIM UMMAH IS PROVING THIS TRUTH IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. DO YOU NEED A TORCH TO SEE THE SUN ?
  92. 92. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  94. 94. “ Surely man is created of a hasty temperament. Being greatly grieved when evil afflicts him. And niggardly when good befalls him. Except those who pray. Those who are constant at their prayer. And those in whose wealth there is a fixed portion…” ((Qur’an: Al-Ma’arij’: 70: 19-24Qur’an: Al-Ma’arij’: 70: 19-24 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  96. 96. “Whoever should desire the immediate - We hasten for him from it what We will to whom We intend. Then We have made for him Hell, which he will [enter to] burn, censured and banished. But whoever desires the Hereafter and exerts the effort due to it while he is a believer - it is those whose effort is ever appreciated [by Allah].““ ((Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 18-19Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 18-19 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “Mankind was created of haste. I will show you My signs, so do not impatiently urge Me.” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 37)
  98. 98. “One of you will be responded to, so long as he is not hasty, saying: ‘I supplicated, and I was not responded to.’ ” (Hadith reported by At-Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  99. 99. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) The tongue of the wise man is behind his heart, and the heart of the fool is behind his tongue. LI-SAA-NIL – ‘AA-QILI – WARAA – A – QOL- BI-HI WA – QOL – BUL – AH – MAA-QI – WA RAA- A – LI-SAA-NIHI
  100. 100. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  101. 101. The Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believedThe Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believed ((AA-MAN-NAAA-MAN-NA)." Say, "You have not [yet])." Say, "You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], 'We have submittedbelieved; but say [instead], 'We have submitted ((AS-LAM-NAAS-LAM-NA),' for faith has not yet entered),' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and Hisyour hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from yourMessenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgivingdeeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.“and Merciful.“ ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  102. 102. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM JAAHILJAAHIL NIFAAQNIFAAQ KUFUR-NI’MAHKUFUR-NI’MAH GHAFLAHGHAFLAH SHIRKSHIRK FAASADFAASAD ZOLEEMZOLEEM MUJREEMMUJREEM KADZIBKADZIB ISRAAFISRAAF FAASIQFAASIQ ITHMITHM etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHERIF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING ....STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... WARNING ! LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AL-ISLAM
  103. 103. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM MAQOM AT-TAUBAHMAQOM AT-TAUBAH MAQOM AL-WARA’MAQOM AL-WARA’ MAQOM AZ-ZUHUDMAQOM AZ-ZUHUD MAQOM AL-’ARIFEENMAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ‘ILM – ‘AMAL - MUJAAHADAH
  104. 104. ””As for those who (As for those who (JAA-HADUJAA-HADU) strive in Us, We) strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths (surely guide them to Our paths (SUBUU-LANSUBUU-LANA), andA), and lo! Allah is with the good (lo! Allah is with the good (MUMUHH-SINEEN-SINEEN)”)” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  105. 105. And they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guidedAnd they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the rightus unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainer'spath unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainer's Messengers have told us the truth!“Messengers have told us the truth!“ ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  106. 106. ““Verily, man's inner self (Verily, man's inner self (NAFS - AMMARAHNAFS - AMMARAH), does incite [him] to), does incite [him] to evil, andevil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows Hissaved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His gracegrace. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  107. 107. ““((KHU-DZIL-’AFWKHU-DZIL-’AFW) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (MA’RUFMA’RUF); and (); and (A’-RIA’-RIDWDW –’ANIL–’ANIL – JAA-HI-LEEN– JAA-HI-LEEN) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger],it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger], seek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.”seek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.” ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  108. 108. “Verily, they who are conscious of and fear Allah (TAQWA) bethink themselves [of Him] whenever any dark suggestion from Satan touches them - whereupon, lo! they begin to see [things] clearly, even though their [godless] brethren would [like to] draw them into error: and then they cannot fail [to do what is right].” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 201-202) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  109. 109. TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  110. 110. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be falseAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  111. 111. O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold what You send, nor send whatever You withholdwhat You send, nor send whatever You withhold All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  112. 112. Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray Nor can they lead astray whom You have guided All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  113. 113. Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive, nor can they deprive to whom You givenor can they deprive to whom You give All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  114. 114. Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast, nor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closernor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closer All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  115. 115. O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings, and Your mercy, and Your grace and Yourand Your mercy, and Your grace and Your provisions.provisions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  116. 116. O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours) that never ends nor fades away.that never ends nor fades away. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  117. 117. O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours) on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter),on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter), and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day).and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  118. 118. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evilO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us andrepercussions of what You have given us and from the evil of what You have deprived us of.from the evil of what You have deprived us of. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  119. 119. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  120. 120. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that whichOur Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have noOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us.And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over theYou are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  121. 121. O Allah! Make faith (O Allah! Make faith (iimaniiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief (and make disbelief (KufrKufr), sinning (), sinning (FusuqFusuq) and rebelliousness () and rebelliousness (`isyan`isyan)) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (Raa-shi-duunRaa-shi-duun).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  122. 122. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones,and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil.without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  123. 123. ‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad and upon the householdand upon the household and companions of Muand companions of Muhhammadammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers).(the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  124. 124. ““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!(He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers!And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  125. 125. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 125All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))

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