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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #7(e) -building-submission-upon-5-pillars-[contn'd]-(1-april-2015)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #7(e) -building-submission-upon-5-pillars-[contn'd]-(1-april-2015)

  1. 1. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQILM -AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 7 e – (continuation)LESSON # 7 e – (continuation) “BUILDING YOUR SUBMISSION TO ALLAH UPON FIVE ASPECTS” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED ON 1 APRIL 2015All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONFROM PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  3. 3. From the word root “From the word root “WAU-QAF-YAWAU-QAF-YA” - we have:” - we have: ““WI-QAA-YAWI-QAA-YA” meaning – “” meaning – “to safeguard; shelter; shield;to safeguard; shelter; shield; take care from; precaution; avert; etc.take care from; precaution; avert; etc.”” Thus the implication is “Thus the implication is “to have regard or being conscious of Allahto have regard or being conscious of Allah such that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselvessuch that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselves and our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath andand our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath and punishmentpunishment..”” TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  4. 4. In summary,In summary, TAQWATAQWA is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t.is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t. with:with: [1] AWARENESS[1] AWARENESS [2] UNDERSTANDING[2] UNDERSTANDING [3] REVERENCE[3] REVERENCE [4] AWE[4] AWE [5] HOPE[5] HOPE [6] SHAME[6] SHAME All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  5. 5. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  6. 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 aFROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 a All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  7. 7. ““AND SOAND SO, set thy face steadfastly, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever-true] faith,towards the [one ever-true] faith, turning away from all that is falseturning away from all that is false, in accordance with the natural, in accordance with the natural disposition (disposition (FITRAHFITRAH) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,]) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,] not tonot to allow any change to corruptallow any change to corrupt what Allah has thus createdwhat Allah has thus created this is thethis is the [purpose of the one] ever-true faith[purpose of the one] ever-true faith; but most people know it not.”; but most people know it not.” ((Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  8. 8. ““But unto him who shall haveBut unto him who shall have stood in fear of his Sustainer'sstood in fear of his Sustainer's Presence,Presence, andand held backheld back his inner self (his inner self (NAFSNAFS) from base desires) from base desires ((HAWAHAWA), paradise will truly be the goal!”), paradise will truly be the goal!” ((Qur’an: Nazi’at: 79: 40-41Qur’an: Nazi’at: 79: 40-41)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  9. 9. ““And so those who wereAnd so those who were given knowledgegiven knowledge maymay knowknow that it isthat it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore]the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believebelieve in it, and theirin it, and their hearts (hearts (QULUBUHUMQULUBUHUM)) humbly submithumbly submit to it. And indeed is Allahto it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.”the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.” ((Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 54Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 54)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  10. 10. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 a –FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 a – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. ““O you who have attained to faith!O you who have attained to faith! Respond to theRespond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he callscall of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you lifeyou unto that which will give you life; and know that; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of]Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.“his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.“ ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  13. 13. ““Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “ ((Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.wHadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.).) ““Do not regard your duty inDo not regard your duty in ‘ibadat‘ibadat as mere rituals,as mere rituals, For they are for your education and developmentFor they are for your education and development to become truly a Muslim”to become truly a Muslim” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  16. 16. ““O YOU who have attained to faith!O YOU who have attained to faith! What is amiss withWhat is amiss with you that, when you are called upon, "Go forth andyou that, when you are called upon, "Go forth and strive in Allah's cause," you cling heavily to the earth?strive in Allah's cause," you cling heavily to the earth? Would you content yourselves with [the comforts of]Would you content yourselves with [the comforts of] thisthis worldly life in preference to [the good of] the life toworldly life in preference to [the good of] the life to come?come? But the enjoyment of life in this world is but aBut the enjoyment of life in this world is but a paltry thing when compared with the life to come!”paltry thing when compared with the life to come!” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 38Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 38)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  18. 18. “Every soul is bound to taste death (MAWT) : but only on the Day of Resurrection (YAUM-AL-QIYAA-MAH) will you be requited in full [for whatever you have done] - whereupon he that shall be drawn away from the fire (AN-NAAR) and brought into paradise (AL-JANNAH) will indeed have gained a triumph (FAAZ): for the life of this world (HAYAA-TID-DUNYA) is nothing but an enjoyment of self-delusion (GHURUR).” (Qur’an: ‘Aali ‘Imran: 4: 185) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  20. 20. “O you who have believed, shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment? [It is that] you (TU’- MINUU) believe in Allah and His Messenger and (TU-JAA-HIDUU) strive in the cause of Allah (SABEELILLAAH) with your wealth (AMWAA-LIKUM) and your lives (ANFUSIKUM). That is best for you, if you should know. He will forgive for you your sins and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence. That is the great attainment (FAUZUL-’AZEEM).” (Qur’an: Saff: 61: 10-12) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““Be not deceivedBe not deceived by the [uninhibited] movement of the disbelieversby the [uninhibited] movement of the disbelievers throughout the land:throughout the land: [It is but] a small enjoyment[It is but] a small enjoyment; then their [final]; then their [final] refuge is Hell, and wretched is the resting place)!”refuge is Hell, and wretched is the resting place)!” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) “On the other hand, for those who (are conscious and) fear their Lord, are Gardens with rivers flowing beneath: therein are they to dwell (for ever) a gift,― from the presence of Allah; and that which is in the presence of Allah is the best (bliss) for the righteous.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 198Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 198)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  23. 23. ““Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “ ((Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.wHadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.).) ““Do not regard your duty inDo not regard your duty in ‘ibadat‘ibadat as mere rituals,as mere rituals, For they are for your education and developmentFor they are for your education and development to become truly a Muslim –to become truly a Muslim – to attain the True Successto attain the True Success”” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  24. 24. PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 b –PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 b – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  25. 25. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” Human perfection ISLAM BEGINS WITH 25 TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM ““O you who have attained to faith! (O you who have attained to faith! (UD-KHULU – FIS-SIL-MI – KAA-FAUD-KHULU – FIS-SIL-MI – KAA-FA)) Surrender yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow not Satan'sSurrender yourselves wholly unto Allah, and follow not Satan's footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.“footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2-208Qur’an: Baqarah: 2-208)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  26. 26. SELF-ACTUALIZATION WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’WITH ‘SHAHADATAIN’ Esteem, Love / belonging Safety, Physiological, GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH”GUIDED BY THE “SHARI’AH” RIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETYRIGHTEOUSNESS & PIETY ((Bir/ TaqwaBir/ Taqwa)) HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM,HONOUR & SELF-ESTEEM, ((‘Izzat/Ikram‘Izzat/Ikram)) SENSE OF BELONGING (SENSE OF BELONGING (Usrah/UmmahUsrah/Ummah)) SECURITY, (SECURITY, (Ahkam/Jihad/SalaamAhkam/Jihad/Salaam)) BASIC NEEDS (BASIC NEEDS (Halal/HaramHalal/Haram)) Human perfectionFurther ‘MUJAAHADAH’ , emulating Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w with TAUFIQ from Allah - to attain ISLAM BEGINS WITH 26 ““INSAN KAAMIL”INSAN KAAMIL” ““INSAN ROB-BANI”INSAN ROB-BANI”    "Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all)"Be ye (Robbaniyin) worshippers of Him (Who is truly the Cherisher of all) for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79)for ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly." (Q:3:79) ““SELF-PURIFICATION”SELF-PURIFICATION” Tazkiyyatun-NafsTazkiyyatun-Nafs TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  27. 27. ““Work for your worldly needs, as though you areWork for your worldly needs, as though you are goinggoing to live foreverto live forever, and strive (also to prepare) for your, and strive (also to prepare) for your Hereafter, as though you areHereafter, as though you are going to die tomorrowgoing to die tomorrow.”.” ((Hadith reported by BaihaqyHadith reported by Baihaqy)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  28. 28. PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 b –PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 b – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  30. 30. PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 c –PREVIOUS LESSON # 7 c – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) PREVIOUS LESSON
  34. 34. TO PROCEED THIS LESSON # 7 d –TO PROCEED THIS LESSON # 7 d – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ”Abstain from avarice (extreme greediness), for those who had been before you were annihilated due to avarice (extreme greediness). It (avarice) commanded them to show niggardliness (miserliness); it commanded them to cut off their relationship with their nearest relatives, so they cut off (relationship). It commanded them to be reckless, so they act recklessly”. (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud)
  36. 36. AFFIRMING IT AS TRUTH DENYING OR REJECTING IT “Doing good for Allah’s sake will be rewarded with eternal Goodness by Him” THE BELIEF BIL-BIL-HHUSNAAUSNAA BIL-BIL-HHUSNAAUSNAA SWOD-DAQA KADZ-DZABA HUSNA All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) TWO TYPES OF PEOPLE OR Thus the usual English translation for SWODAQAH as “charity” is not accurate as it also include all forms of goodness whether it be obligatory or non-obligatory; and extensively covers all forms of kindness not merely of material help but that even sharing a ‘smile to others’ can be SWODAQAH.
  37. 37. He said: “Verily,He said: “Verily, your wealth is only what you have spentyour wealth is only what you have spent (for(for your needs, or given away in charity or as gifts), what remainsyour needs, or given away in charity or as gifts), what remains with you is (actually held by you) to be inherited by others.”with you is (actually held by you) to be inherited by others.” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) REFLECT WELL REFLECT WELL FA-IN-NA – MAA-LA-HU – MAA – QAD-DAMA WA - MAA-LA – WAA – RI-THI-HI – MAA – AKH-KHARA
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Extracted from:
  39. 39. TO PROCEED THIS LESSON # 7 e –TO PROCEED THIS LESSON # 7 e – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  40. 40. FIVE PRINCIPLES IN OUR APPROACH IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OUR DEEN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““O YOU whoO YOU who have attained to faithhave attained to faith ((IIMANIIMAN)! Fasting is ordained for)! Fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for those before you,you as it was ordained for those before you, so that you might learnso that you might learn self-restraintself-restraint (being conscious and fear Allah -(being conscious and fear Allah - TAQWATAQWA):”):” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 183))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH “[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 184)
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““RamaRamadhdhan is the (month) in which was sent down thean is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'anQur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).”guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““ So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. ”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““Allah wills that you shall have ease, and does not will you to sufferAllah wills that you shall have ease, and does not will you to suffer hardship;hardship; but [He desires] that you complete the number [of daysbut [He desires] that you complete the number [of days requiredrequired], and], and that you extol Allah for His having guided you arightthat you extol Allah for His having guided you aright, and, and thatthat you render your thanksyou render your thanks [unto Him] –[unto Him] – TASH-KURUN – (SHAKUR)TASH-KURUN – (SHAKUR).”.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185))
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH “It has been made permissible for you the night preceding fasting to go to your wives [for sexual relations]. They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you...” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 187)
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““ So now, have relations with them and seek that which Allah hasSo now, have relations with them and seek that which Allah has decreed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawndecreed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night]....”becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night]....” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 187Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 187))
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““ Then complete the fast until the sunset. And do notThen complete the fast until the sunset. And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying forhave relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques (worship in the mosques (I’-TIKAF-FIL-MASAJIDI’-TIKAF-FIL-MASAJID). These). These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them.are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them. Thus does Allah make clear His ordinances to theThus does Allah make clear His ordinances to the people that they may become righteous (people that they may become righteous (YAT-TA-YAT-TA- QUUNQUUN)”)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 187Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 187))
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  52. 52. ““That which isThat which is HALALHALAL - lawful - is clear (plain) and that- lawful - is clear (plain) and that which iswhich is HARAMHARAM – unlawful - is clear (plain), and– unlawful - is clear (plain), and between these two arebetween these two are MUTASHABIHATMUTASHABIHAT - doubtful- doubtful matters-, about which many people do not know…..”matters-, about which many people do not know…..” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  53. 53. “…“… Whoever avoids doubtful matters safeguards himself in regard toWhoever avoids doubtful matters safeguards himself in regard to his religion and his honour,his religion and his honour, whereas he who falls into doubtfulwhereas he who falls into doubtful matters is falling into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd whomatters is falling into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures his herd around a sanctuary for them to graze …”pastures his herd around a sanctuary for them to graze …” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  54. 54. “…“… Verily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is HisVerily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is His prohibitions (prohibitions (MUHARAMATMUHARAMAT) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is good (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoiltgood (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoilt (diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart ((diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart (QOLBUQOLBU)”)” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  55. 55. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  56. 56. ““The person most severely punished on the Day of JudgementThe person most severely punished on the Day of Judgement will be he who was looked upon by people (while in this world)will be he who was looked upon by people (while in this world) as being good, whereas (in reality) he has no such goodness.”as being good, whereas (in reality) he has no such goodness.” ((Hadith reported by BaihaqiHadith reported by Baihaqi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH Say, [O Muhammad], "Shall we [believers] inform you of the greatestSay, [O Muhammad], "Shall we [believers] inform you of the greatest losers as to [their] deeds? [They are]losers as to [their] deeds? [They are] those whose effort is lost inthose whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that they are doing well in woworldly life, while they think that they are doing well in worrkk.”.” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 103-104)Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 103-104)
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH Those are the onesThose are the ones who disbelieve (KAFARU) in the verses (AA-YAAT) of theirwho disbelieve (KAFARU) in the verses (AA-YAAT) of their LordLord andand in [their] meeting Him (LI-QAA-IHI)in [their] meeting Him (LI-QAA-IHI), so, so their deeds have becometheir deeds have become worthless;worthless; and We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection anyand We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any importance.importance. ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 105)Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 105)
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  60. 60. SINCERITYSINCERITY OSTENTATIONSOSTENTATIONS BRAGGINGBRAGGING HYPOCRISYHYPOCRISY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) T FROM AVOIDING MAJOR ‘SHIRK’ IN MATTERS OF OUR AQE
  61. 61. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice ILAA-HI – ANTA – MAQ-ILAA-HI – ANTA – MAQ-SWSWUU-DI – WA - RI-UU-DI – WA - RI-DWDWAA-KA – MAAA-KA – MATWTW-LUU-BI-LUU-BI All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  62. 62. ””O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it wasO ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before youprescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-that ye may (learn) self- restraintrestraint (with(with TAQWATAQWA – consciousness and reverential– consciousness and reverential fear of transgression).―”fear of transgression).―” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  63. 63. “Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him? Or do you think that most of them hear or reason? They are not except like livestock. Rather, they are [even] more astray in [their] way.” (Qur’an:Furqan: 25: 43-44) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  64. 64. “Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on an ordained way concerning the matter [of religion – SHARI’AH]; so follow it and do not follow the (AHWA) inclinations of those who do not know. Indeed, they will never avail you against Allah at all. And indeed, the wrongdoers are allies of one another; but Allah is the protector of the righteous.” (Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 18) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  65. 65. “AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever-true] faith, turning away from all that is false, in accordance with the natural disposition (FITwRAH) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,] not to allow any change to corrupt what Allah has thus created this is the [purpose of the one] ever-true faith; but most people know it not.-” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  66. 66. The Media pandering to the glitters of lighting and the anticipation of Hari Raya?  Have we forgotten that this one whole month is called “RAMADHAN” ? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  67. 67.  Surely, the theme for this month is not Hari Raya (EID-UL-FITR) which is in the next month called “SHAWWAL”  To some of us, RAMADHAN is indeed memorable because of : THE FOOD - glorious food. THE BAZAAR – shopping. THE FASTING – whether from positive or negative perspectives BEING WITH THE JAMA’AH IN MOSQUE THE NIGHT DEVOTION - TARAWIH AND TAHAJJUD THE QUR’AN – TILAWAH AND TADABBUR THE LAY-LA-TUL-QADR All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  68. 68.  Surely, the theme for this month is not Hari Raya (EID-UL-FITR) which is in the next month called “SHAWWAL”  To some of us, RAMADHAN is indeed memorable because of : THE GENEROSITY of the MUSLIMS - THE OPPORTUNITIES – whether in business or in religiosity All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  What I am concerned from the above is, many of us may tend to view RAMADHAN, as a seasonal thing; and only reduced to our individual personal bias, or from our specific interest, or based on our own life motivations which we may have set in achieving what we deem as ‘SUCCESS’, ‘PROGRESS’, ‘TRENDY’, ‘MAINSTREAM’ etc.
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““O you who have believed, (O you who have believed, (LAA – TUQADDIMUULAA – TUQADDIMUU) do not put) do not put [yourselves] forward before [in the presence of what] Allah and[yourselves] forward before [in the presence of what] Allah and His Messenger [may have ordained] but [remain conscious ofHis Messenger [may have ordained] but [remain conscious of and] fear Allah (and] fear Allah (TAQWATAQWA). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”Knowing.” ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1))
  70. 70. ““When peopleWhen people TATRUKUTATRUKU - leave (- leave (set asideset aside) the affairs of their) the affairs of their DEENDEEN – religion, because of their– religion, because of their concern in improving their worldlyconcern in improving their worldly mattersmatters, then Allah will open upon them much danger (harm).”, then Allah will open upon them much danger (harm).” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  Every RAMADHAN is unique and special, although it comes once a year.  It is not to be regarded like some season to be engaging in some seasonal religious observances... Ramadhan after Ramadhan, as though engaging in a kind of rituals... Without significant effect to our life.  Something is said to be a ’ritual’ only when it is done repeatedly without any real understanding of its wisdom or benefits to be derived.  Example : Do we regard eating our daily meals, or sleeping nightly as ‘rituals’ ? NO … right ?!  Unfortunately, because there are those who do not seek to understand the aims, the purpose and objective, the wisdom and significance of what constitute our ‘IBAADAH, it may remain regarded as ‘rituals’.
  72. 72. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  73. 73. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. ““O MANKIND!O MANKIND! Worship (Worship (A‘-BUDUUA‘-BUDUU-serve) your Lord (Sustainer),-serve) your Lord (Sustainer), who has created you and those who lived before you,who has created you and those who lived before you, so thatso that you might remainyou might remain conscious of (and fear) Him (conscious of (and fear) Him (TAQWATAQWA).). Who has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky aWho has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy, and has sent down water from the sky and therebycanopy, and has sent down water from the sky and thereby brought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claimbrought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claim that there is any power that could rival Allah, when you knowthat there is any power that could rival Allah, when you know [that He is One].”[that He is One].” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21-22))
  74. 74. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  75. 75. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““And (tell them that) I have not created the invisible beingsAnd (tell them that) I have not created the invisible beings and mankind to any end other than (and mankind to any end other than (LIYA’-BU-DUUNLIYA’-BU-DUUN) that) that they may (know and) worship (serve) Me.(But withal,) nothey may (know and) worship (serve) Me.(But withal,) no sustenance do I ever demand of them, nor do I demand thatsustenance do I ever demand of them, nor do I demand that they feed me: for verily, Allah Himself is the Provider of allthey feed me: for verily, Allah Himself is the Provider of all sustenance, the Lord of all Might, the Eternal.”sustenance, the Lord of all Might, the Eternal.” ((Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 56-58Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 56-58)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  Our concept of worship, devotion or rather servitude – from the term:Our concept of worship, devotion or rather servitude – from the term: ‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH, is firstly to know and acknowledge the Absolute Oneness of, is firstly to know and acknowledge the Absolute Oneness of God, Allah -our Creator and Sustainer –God, Allah -our Creator and Sustainer – TAUTAUHHEEDEED..  And Allah SWT has no need for anything from anyone, whereas all areAnd Allah SWT has no need for anything from anyone, whereas all are in need of Allah. So the command to serve or to worship in Islam mustin need of Allah. So the command to serve or to worship in Islam must be understood only as something that benefits ourselves, to fulfill ourbe understood only as something that benefits ourselves, to fulfill our purpose and attain the success reserved for the obedient.purpose and attain the success reserved for the obedient.  Our status for existing therefore is as His servant/slave, whoseOur status for existing therefore is as His servant/slave, whose purpose in life therefore firstly is to submit and obey His Willpurpose in life therefore firstly is to submit and obey His Will ((MUSLIMMUSLIM).).  Yet, there are many types of Muslims.Yet, there are many types of Muslims.
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  Thus there are some Muslims who may be obeying Allah’s command rather reluctantly, while others are doing it with a sense of gratitude.  Muslims without the right and sufficient knowledge of the religion, may simply be observing these commandments ‘ritualistically’ or seasonally, or blindly imitating practices they regard as mere customs (ADAT) of their society and perhaps as some ancestral practices.  While generally most Muslims’ religiosity is such that they yearn to carry out these obedience willingly and out of a sense of gratitude.  The difference in Muslims’ perceptions of what RAMADHAN means too, is due mostly to their having different level of (‘ILM) knowledge of AD-DEEN of Islam and their IIMAN - faith (conviction) to its TRUTH.
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  Actually, to be a MUSLIM is only the beginning – the most basic – level of fulfilling the command to worship or servitude Allah SWT.  Every Muslim therefore are required to exert themselves through a life-long education to become truly a MUSLIM requiring them to acquire the appropriate FARDHU ’AIN knowledge, according to their states (and age, career, social status etc.) gradually, and strive to practice sincerely what they are commanded accordingly.  It has its priorities and importantly, with ADAB.
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  Thus every Muslims are reminded: “O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy.” (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208)
  80. 80. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))  The way or manner for this development throughout the life of a Muslim to traverse level of spirituality (from lower to higher spiritual stations) requires them to strive be always with a consciousness termed as – TAQWA – permeating his every life, place and situation.  Thus every Muslims needs to be aware of what striving with TAQWA, and its levels or degrees (or qualitative difference), entails:
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) THERE ARE VARIOUS LEVELS OF TAQWA
  82. 82. MUSLIMMUSLIM FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  83. 83. BeingBeing MUSLIMMUSLIM is the minimum level or state, the entrance whichis the minimum level or state, the entrance which requires building a total way of life with striving in Allah’s way. And werequires building a total way of life with striving in Allah’s way. And we are warned against ever exiting this basic state till death.are warned against ever exiting this basic state till death. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““O you who have believed, be conscious of and fear AllahO you who have believed, be conscious of and fear Allah ((TAQWATAQWA) as He should be feared () as He should be feared (HAQQA-TU QAATIHHAQQA-TU QAATIH)) and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].”and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102))
  84. 84. BeingBeing MUSLIMMUSLIM requires firstly the acknowledgement and acceptance ofrequires firstly the acknowledgement and acceptance of the message ofthe message of AT-TAUHEEDAT-TAUHEED andand AR-RISAALAHAR-RISAALAH. Thus its entrance is the. Thus its entrance is the SHAHAADAHTAINSHAHAADAHTAIN – as a serious personal declaration of commitment to– as a serious personal declaration of commitment to become truebecome true WitnessesWitnesses towards upholdingtowards upholding DEEN Al-IslamDEEN Al-Islam throughthrough submission and obedience.submission and obedience. This is the first basic level open to all mankind. As long as the MuslimThis is the first basic level open to all mankind. As long as the Muslim remain true – withoutremain true – without ((SHIRKSHIRK andand IRTIDADIRTIDAD), i.e. opposing or), i.e. opposing or rejectingrejecting its fundamental principles, ultimately Paradise is assured toits fundamental principles, ultimately Paradise is assured to him / her.him / her. Yet, it does not guarantee that a Muslim will be averted from sinningYet, it does not guarantee that a Muslim will be averted from sinning and punishment, forand punishment, for there is still the danger of the Hell-fire which wethere is still the danger of the Hell-fire which we must strive to avoidmust strive to avoid through conforming to the Guidance of Allah andthrough conforming to the Guidance of Allah and His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. in seeking Allah’s Mercy.His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. in seeking Allah’s Mercy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  85. 85. Muslims must be told not to be complacent, but must take seriously theirMuslims must be told not to be complacent, but must take seriously their Islamic education in what is termed -Islamic education in what is termed - FARDH’AINFARDH’AIN (personal obligation)(personal obligation) knowledge.knowledge. The higher part of their development indeed is crucial, not merely theThe higher part of their development indeed is crucial, not merely the outward conformity to Al-Islam, but more so the development of theiroutward conformity to Al-Islam, but more so the development of their inner certainty with affirmation of theinner certainty with affirmation of the TRUTHTRUTH with authentic creed /with authentic creed / belief (belief (AQEEDAH SAAQEEDAH SAHHEEHAHEEHAH).). Without such pursuit, his conforming to Islamic teaching and practicesWithout such pursuit, his conforming to Islamic teaching and practices may be mere outward rituals, devoid of understanding which may lead tomay be mere outward rituals, devoid of understanding which may lead to doubts (doubts (SHAKKSHAKK) and even hypocrisy () and even hypocrisy (NIFAQNIFAQ).). Being at the level of Muslim is still not sufficient because if he/she whoBeing at the level of Muslim is still not sufficient because if he/she who does not strive towards higher state ofdoes not strive towards higher state of TAQWA,TAQWA, he/she may be in dangerhe/she may be in danger of sinning and of rebelliousness.of sinning and of rebelliousness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  86. 86. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MUNAFEEQINMUNAFEEQIN FASIQEENFASIQEEN MUJRIMEENMUJRIMEEN ZOLIMEENZOLIMEEN GHOFILEENGHOFILEEN MUSRIFEENMUSRIFEEN MUFSIDEENMUFSIDEEN IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN ETC. God-consciousness or Piety LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  87. 87. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  88. 88. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN Believer Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AT-TAUBAHMAQOM AT-TAUBAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TO BE AT THE LEVEL ONLY AS MUSLIM IS NOT SUFFICIENT
  89. 89. The state ofThe state of IIMANIIMAN is not static, but can become strong or even becomeis not static, but can become strong or even become weak, as it commensurate withweak, as it commensurate with ‘ILM‘ILM (Knowledge) and(Knowledge) and ‘‘AMALAMAL (Deeds).(Deeds). IIMANIIMAN is a state which motivates a Muslim to draw closer and return tois a state which motivates a Muslim to draw closer and return to Allah’s Mercy with –Allah’s Mercy with – TAUBAHTAUBAH (return; repentance)(return; repentance) The essence of which is the knowledge with practical deeds: knowledge ofThe essence of which is the knowledge with practical deeds: knowledge of what is right and wrong; knowledge of one’s self (what is right and wrong; knowledge of one’s self (NAFSNAFS) and the) and the consequence of one’s action; knowledge of the reality (consequence of one’s action; knowledge of the reality (HAQEEQAHHAQEEQAH) of Life in) of Life in this world and the Hereafter; knowledge of rights (this world and the Hereafter; knowledge of rights (HUQQUQHUQQUQ) of Allah and of) of Allah and of others etc.others etc. The priority therefore is to seeking or to gain nearness (The priority therefore is to seeking or to gain nearness (QURBQURB) to Allah SWT,) to Allah SWT, withwith ‘ILM‘ILM andand AMALAMAL . And one must not forget that. And one must not forget that ‘ILM‘ILM takes precedencetakes precedence overover ‘AMAL‘AMAL – and that with knowledge alone but without believing and– and that with knowledge alone but without believing and manifesting this with righteous deeds, is also incomplete and incorrect .manifesting this with righteous deeds, is also incomplete and incorrect . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  90. 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““The parable of those who were charged with the Torah and thenThe parable of those who were charged with the Torah and then they failed to live up to it is that of a donkey laden with books. Eventhey failed to live up to it is that of a donkey laden with books. Even more evil is the parable of the people who gave the lie to the Signsmore evil is the parable of the people who gave the lie to the Signs of Allah. Allah does not direct such wrong-doers to the Right Way.”of Allah. Allah does not direct such wrong-doers to the Right Way.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5))
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““O you who have believed, why do you say what youO you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do? Great is hatred in the sight of Allah thatdo not do? Great is hatred in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do.”you say what you do not do.” ((Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3Qur’an: Saff: 61: 2-3))
  92. 92. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Do you order (Do you order (AL-BIRRAL-BIRR) righteousness of the people) righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture?and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?Then will you not reason? And seek help through patience perseveranceAnd seek help through patience perseverance ((SWOBRSWOBR) and prayer () and prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH), and indeed, it is), and indeed, it is difficult except for thedifficult except for the KHKHO-SHI-’EENO-SHI-’EEN – the humbly– the humbly submissive [to Allah].submissive [to Allah]. Who are certain that they will meet their Lord andWho are certain that they will meet their Lord and that they will return to Him.”that they will return to Him.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44-46Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44-46))
  94. 94. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AL-WARA’MAQOM AL-WARA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TO BE A MUSLIM WHO IS A MU’MEEN STILL IS NOT SUFFICIENT
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Basic in attesting toBasic in attesting to TAUTAUHHEEDEED are the three aspects ofare the three aspects of ISLAM-IIMAN-IISLAM-IIMAN-IHHSAN.SAN. AfterAfter ISLAMISLAM andand IIMAN,IIMAN, IIHHSANSAN being the perfection of what constitute “being the perfection of what constitute “GoodGood or Righteousness of Best in Deedsor Righteousness of Best in Deeds”, after the other 2 aspects are attained.”, after the other 2 aspects are attained. What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (‘AMAL‘AMAL) motivated) motivated by correct Belief (by correct Belief (IIMANIIMAN), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w.Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w. The criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for ourThe criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for our serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:
  96. 96. Basic in attesting toBasic in attesting to TAUTAUHHEEDEED are the three aspects ofare the three aspects of ISLAM-IIMAN-IISLAM-IIMAN-IHHSAN.SAN. AfterAfter ISLAM and IMAN, IISLAM and IMAN, IHHSANSAN being the perfection of what constitute “being the perfection of what constitute “Good orGood or Righteousness of Best in DeedsRighteousness of Best in Deeds”, after the other 2 aspects are attained.”, after the other 2 aspects are attained. What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (What is interesting to note is that, even with correct Action (‘AMAL‘AMAL) motivated) motivated by correct Belief (by correct Belief (IIMANIIMAN), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or), it is still not regarded or accepted as truly good or Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w.Righteous by Allah SWT and the Allah’s Messenger s.a.a.w. The criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for ourThe criteria is in our inner attitude (raison detre); the motive or intention for our serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized:serving or worshipping Allah, which the Prophet succinctly emphasized: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Al- IAl- Ihhsansan (righteousness or best conduct) is that you(righteousness or best conduct) is that you worship (serve) Allah as though you are seeing Him;worship (serve) Allah as though you are seeing Him; while you see Him not, yet truly He sees you”while you see Him not, yet truly He sees you” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))
  97. 97. When we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, norWhen we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, nor the conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, itthe conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, it is the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knowsis the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows inin the innermost core ofthe innermost core of our Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him orour Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him or rejected by Him - this will make us people to be extra-cautious by therejected by Him - this will make us people to be extra-cautious by the Islamic concept termed asIslamic concept termed as WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness;WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness; Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Part of someone’s being good Muslim, is his leaving alone matters that does not concern him.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)
  98. 98. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi and Nasa-i) When we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, norWhen we realize that it is not the mere deeds that we are able to do, nor the conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, itthe conviction that we are upon the right path (in our belief), but rather, it is the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knowsis the scrutiny in our hearts by Allah, Who Knows inin the innermost core ofthe innermost core of our Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him orour Souls – in our intentions, concerning whether it is acceptable to Him or rejected by Him - this will make us people to be extra-cautious by therejected by Him - this will make us people to be extra-cautious by the Islamic concept termed asIslamic concept termed as WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness;WARA’ - cautiousness; piety; pious; godliness; Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  99. 99. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““That which isThat which is HALALHALAL - lawful - is clear (plain) and that which is- lawful - is clear (plain) and that which is HARAMHARAM – unlawful - is clear (plain), and between these two are– unlawful - is clear (plain), and between these two are MUTASHABIHATMUTASHABIHAT - doubtful matters-, about which many people- doubtful matters-, about which many people do not know…..”do not know…..” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  100. 100. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “…“… Whoever (withWhoever (with TAQWATAQWA) avoids doubtful matters safeguards) avoids doubtful matters safeguards himself in regard to his religion and his honour, whereas he whohimself in regard to his religion and his honour, whereas he who falls into doubtful matters is falling into that which is unlawful, likefalls into doubtful matters is falling into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures his herd around a sanctuary for themthe shepherd who pastures his herd around a sanctuary for them to graze …”to graze …” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  101. 101. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “…“… Verily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is HisVerily every king has a sanctuary, and verily the sanctuary of Allah is His prohibitions (prohibitions (MUHARAMATMUHARAMAT) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is) . Verily, in the body is a morsel of flesh, if it is good (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoiltgood (wholesome) then the whole body is well (whole), but if it is spoilt (diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart ((diseased) then the whole body will be spoilt . Verily this is the heart (QOLBUQOLBU)”)” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim))
  102. 102. Yet, this conscious or awareness that Allah sees us (Yet, this conscious or awareness that Allah sees us (IIHHSANSAN) must be extended) must be extended and permeates our entire life and activities towards doing good for othersand permeates our entire life and activities towards doing good for others amongst Allah’s creation – not merely in formal worship in mosques or home.amongst Allah’s creation – not merely in formal worship in mosques or home. To serve withTo serve with IIHHSANSAN is to spread acts ofis to spread acts of IIHHSANSAN (compassion and goodness)(compassion and goodness) unto others too, as showing our gratitude (unto others too, as showing our gratitude (SHAKUR)SHAKUR) to Allah as commandedto Allah as commanded thus:thus: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““And do good (And do good (WWA-AA-AHHSINSIN) as Allah has done good to you. And desire not) as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.“corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.“ ((Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77))
  103. 103. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AZ-ZUHUDMAQOM AZ-ZUHUD All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TO BE A MUSLIM WHO IS A MU’MEEN WHO HAS IHSAN IS STILL NOT THE HIGHEST
  104. 104. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““The religion (The religion (DEENDEEN) is Sincerity.” We said: To whom? He) is Sincerity.” We said: To whom? He then said: “To Allah, to His Books, to His Messengers, and tothen said: “To Allah, to His Books, to His Messengers, and to the leaders of Muslims and their general folks.”the leaders of Muslims and their general folks.” ((Hadith related by MuslimHadith related by Muslim))
  105. 105. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  106. 106. ““Verily, what I fear the most for my community (ummah)Verily, what I fear the most for my community (ummah) isis SHIRKSHIRK (ascribing partners) to Allah.(ascribing partners) to Allah. I am not saying that they will worship the sun or theI am not saying that they will worship the sun or the moon or idols, butmoon or idols, but it is in their being insincere in doingit is in their being insincere in doing good deeds, not intending it for Allah’s sake but only togood deeds, not intending it for Allah’s sake but only to please their hidden desiresplease their hidden desires.”.” ((Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah in “Kitab Az-ZuhduHadith reported by Ibnu Majah in “Kitab Az-Zuhdu”)”) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  107. 107. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ““Say: "Verily, I am commanded to serve (worship)Say: "Verily, I am commanded to serve (worship) Allah with sincere devotion (Allah with sincere devotion (MUMUKHKH-LI-LISwSwANAN); And I); And I am commanded to be the foremost of those whoam commanded to be the foremost of those who bow to Allah in Islam (bow to Allah in Islam (MUSLIMEENMUSLIMEEN).")." ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 11-12Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 11-12))
  108. 108. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OFTOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWATAQWA Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-’ARIFEENMAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TO BE A MUSLIM WHO IS A MU’MEEN WHO HAS IHSAN AND IKHLASW IS STILL IS NOT THE HIGHEST LEVEL
  109. 109. The highest aspect ofThe highest aspect of TAQWATAQWA – Is that conferred upon the truly knowledgeable of– Is that conferred upon the truly knowledgeable of Allah, who truly manifest these vitues with constancy – theAllah, who truly manifest these vitues with constancy – the ’ARIFEEN BIL-LAH’ARIFEEN BIL-LAH.. It is through Allah granting them the “opening” -It is through Allah granting them the “opening” - FAT-FAT-HH - of Knowledge of Allah- of Knowledge of Allah (gnosis-(gnosis- MA’RIFAHMA’RIFAH), or sometimes referred to as the “), or sometimes referred to as the “unveilingunveiling” , “” , “illuminationsilluminations”,”, ““beatific witnessingbeatific witnessing” etc. and with” etc. and with TAUFEEQTAUFEEQ (success). whence the person(success). whence the person attained to the highest form of conviction (attained to the highest form of conviction (HAQQ-AL-YAQEENHAQQ-AL-YAQEEN).). The greatestThe greatest KAROMAHKAROMAH (Nobility or saintly miracle) being(Nobility or saintly miracle) being ISTIQOMAHISTIQOMAH ( i.e. that( i.e. that Allah grant them to remain in constancy upon ever goodness they have gained ).Allah grant them to remain in constancy upon ever goodness they have gained ). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) THIS IS THE PATH WHICH ISLAMIC EDUCATION SEEKS TO INCULCATE IN EVERY MUSLIMS TO STRIVE IN WITH TAQWA -
  110. 110. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““Fulfil the personal religious obligations (Fulfil the personal religious obligations (FARDHFARDH’) that has’) that has been fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you tobeen fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you to become a person ofbecome a person of TAQWATAQWA (righteous and God-fearing).”(righteous and God-fearing).” ((Hadith reported by TabaraniHadith reported by Tabarani))
  111. 111. ””O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to thoseO ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn ) self-restraint ( havingbefore you that ye may (learn ) self-restraint ( having TAQWATAQWA – i.e. state of– i.e. state of consciousness of Allah).―”consciousness of Allah).―” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) THUS THE COMMAND OF ALLAH IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD:
  112. 112. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH THUS THE COMMAND OF ALLAH IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD:
  113. 113. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH “[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 184) THUS THE COMMAND OF ALLAH IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD:
  114. 114. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““RamaRamadhdhan is the (month) in which was sent down thean is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'anQur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).”guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185)) THUS THE COMMAND OF ALLAH IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD:
  115. 115. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““ So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. ”” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 185)) THUS THE COMMAND OF ALLAH IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD:
  116. 116. .... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having.... that ye may (learn) self-restraint ( having TAQWATAQWA – i.e. state of consciousness of God).―”– i.e. state of consciousness of God).―” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:183)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  117. 117. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : –  MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““ Begin with submission (Begin with submission (IslamIslam);); exuding meaning of being faithful (exuding meaning of being faithful (iimaniiman);); inculcating righteous conduct (inculcating righteous conduct (IhsanIhsan);); Inculcating sincerityInculcating sincerity ((ikhlaswikhlasw);); All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  118. 118. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : –  MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““ Learn the essentials of striving (Learn the essentials of striving (jihaadjihaad);); patient perseverance (patient perseverance (SwobrSwobr);); enhancing feeling of gratefulness (enhancing feeling of gratefulness (ShakurShakur);); Compassion for the poor & needy (Compassion for the poor & needy (RuhamahRuhamah);); All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  119. 119. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : –  MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““ Steadfastness and consistency (Steadfastness and consistency (istiqomahistiqomah);); Heightened remembrance of Allah (Heightened remembrance of Allah (Dzik-rullahDzik-rullah);); Purge and purify body and Soul (Purge and purify body and Soul (mutatohhireenmutatohhireen);); Learn the meaning of “to return & repentance”Learn the meaning of “to return & repentance” ((InaabahInaabah);); All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  120. 120. THE MOST IMPORTANT : –THE MOST IMPORTANT : –  MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MEANING OF HOW TO BE A “MUT-TAQEENMUT-TAQEEN ““ Increase interaction with and adherence to Al-Qur’anIncrease interaction with and adherence to Al-Qur’an ((tilaawah wa tadabburtilaawah wa tadabbur);); Increase in night devotions (Increase in night devotions (QiyaamQiyaam);); Reasserting and strengthening Islamic unity andReasserting and strengthening Islamic unity and brotherhoodbrotherhood ((ittihaad wa ukhuwwahittihaad wa ukhuwwah);); All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  121. 121. ““(Allah wants you) … ((Allah wants you) … (TUKAB-BIRULLAHTUKAB-BIRULLAH) to) to glorify Him in that He has guided you (glorify Him in that He has guided you (MAAMAA HADAA-KUMHADAA-KUM) and perchance ye shall be grateful) and perchance ye shall be grateful ((TASH-KURUNTASH-KURUN).).““ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:185)) AN-NASEEHAHAN-NASEEHAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL..
  122. 122. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ”” Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for youAllah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficultydifficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the, and (He desires) that you should complete the number (of days in fasting) and that you shouldnumber (of days in fasting) and that you should exalt theexalt the greatness of Allahgreatness of Allah for His having guided you and that youfor His having guided you and that you may give thanks (andmay give thanks (and be gratefulbe grateful)”)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  123. 123. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ”” Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for youAllah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficultydifficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the, and (He desires) that you should complete the number (of days in fasting) and that you shouldnumber (of days in fasting) and that you should exalt theexalt the greatness of Allahgreatness of Allah for His having guided you and that youfor His having guided you and that you may give thanks (andmay give thanks (and be gratefulbe grateful)”)” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:185)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  124. 124. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143))
  125. 125. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  126. 126. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  127. 127. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH ““And strive (And strive (WA-JAA-HADUWA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought) in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He hasto strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you inchosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the (religion; it is the (MILLATMILLAT) creed of your father) creed of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, bothAbraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messengerbefore and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger ((SHAHEEDANSHAHEEDAN) may be a witness for you, and ye be) may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! (witnesses for mankind! (SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN- NAASNAAS)).“.“ ((Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78))
  128. 128. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) May Allah grant us and all our beloved teachers, family andMay Allah grant us and all our beloved teachers, family and companions, the success (companions, the success (TAUFIQTAUFIQ) and the Guidance) and the Guidance ((HIDAAYAHIDAAYA) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and Mercy (Mercy (RAHMAHRAHMAH) and gain His Pleasure () and gain His Pleasure (MARDHA-TILLAHMARDHA-TILLAH).). IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
  129. 129. TO BE CONTINUED WITH LESSON # 7 f –TO BE CONTINUED WITH LESSON # 7 f – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  130. 130. AND ALLAH KNOWS THE BEST TO BE CONTINUED ... INSHA-ALLAH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)
  131. 131. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 132All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)

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