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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #3 -about-the-nafs-(4-february-2015)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #3 -about-the-nafs-(4-february-2015)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Kuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQILM -AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 3 –LESSON # 3 – ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) 4 FEBRUARY 2015
  2. 2. ““Guide us toGuide us to the straight paththe straight path -The path of those upon whom-The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour, not of those who have evokedYou have bestowed favour, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.[Your] anger or of those who are astray. ((Qur’an: al-Fatihah: 1: 5-7Qur’an: al-Fatihah: 1: 5-7)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ That is theThat is the Knower of the unseenKnower of the unseen andand the witnessedthe witnessed,, thethe Exalted in MightExalted in Might, the, the Merciful,Merciful, Who perfectedWho perfected everything which He created andeverything which He created and began the creationbegan the creation of man from clay.of man from clay. Then He made his posterityThen He made his posterity out ofout of the extract of a liquid disdainedthe extract of a liquid disdained. Then He. Then He proportionedproportioned himhim andand breathed intobreathed into him (him (MIN RUUMIN RUUHHI-HII-HI) from) from HisHis [created] soul[created] soul and made for youand made for you hearinghearing andand visionvision andand heartshearts; little are you grateful.”; little are you grateful.” ((Qur’an: Sajda: 32: 6-9Qur’an: Sajda: 32: 6-9)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  5. 5. ““And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul (And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul (RURUHH).). Say, "The soul (Say, "The soul (RURUHH) is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind) is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little.”have not been given of knowledge except a little.” ((Qur’an: al-Isra‘: 17: 85Qur’an: al-Isra‘: 17: 85)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““AND ON EARTH there are signs [of Allah’s exis-tence,AND ON EARTH there are signs [of Allah’s exis-tence, visible] to all who are endowed with inner certainty, just asvisible] to all who are endowed with inner certainty, just as [there are signs thereof] within your own selves (F[there are signs thereof] within your own selves (FEE-EE- ANFUSIKUMANFUSIKUM) : can you not, then, see?) : can you not, then, see? ((Qur’an: Dzaariyat:51: 20-21Qur’an: Dzaariyat:51: 20-21)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  8. 8. ““Consider the human self (Consider the human self (NAFSNAFS), and how it is), and how it is formed in accordance with what it is meant to be,formed in accordance with what it is meant to be, and how it is imbued with moral failings as well asand how it is imbued with moral failings as well as with consciousness of Allah!with consciousness of Allah! To a happy state shall indeed attain he who causesTo a happy state shall indeed attain he who causes this [this [NAFSNAFS - self] to- self] to grow in puritygrow in purity, and truly lost is, and truly lost is he who buries it [in darkness].”he who buries it [in darkness].” ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  9. 9. The teaching of Islam is not merely concerned about the outward manifestation of one’s submission (although important and indispensible). Its perfection which is important and indispensible – perhaps many may disregard - is the concept of IHSAN that requires the inner dimension of a Muslim’s servitude and worship. Since the essence of ‘ibadat is the intention, residing in our spiritual heart/mind (QALB) which requires sincerity (IKHLASw), knowledge on how to maintain it’s purity and growth is vital. Thus knowledge about the nature and state of our spiritual Self (NAFS) is very important. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  11. 11. “He (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a messenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages, and (YUZAK-KII-HIM) to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  12. 12. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. was sent as the educator of mankind par excellence. The previous verse explains the manner of his approach and most significant (important and indispensible) is the stage of TAZKIYYATUN-NUFUS (Purification and growth of the spiritual Selves) before his imparting or teaching them the Qur’an (al-Kitab) and As-Sunnah (al-Hikmah). And unlike secular education, what truly defines the essence of a person in Islamic worldview is his soul or spiritual Self. Mere outward transformation only is unacceptable without also a corresponding inner change. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. For in Islam, the success of our education is not merely in Muslims being knowledgeable but requires that such knowledge must transform their disposition (AKHLAQ) with noble virtues - the raison d'être of our Prophet’s mission as in one of his sayings. ““Verily, I have not been sent (as Prophet) except toVerily, I have not been sent (as Prophet) except to perfect the nobleperfect the noble AkhlaqAkhlaq (disposition of mankind).”(disposition of mankind).” ((Hadith reported by MalikHadith reported by Malik)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. And “ AKHLAQ “, as asserted by Imam Hujwiri rahm.a. : “are non-contrived praiseworthy actions not proceeding from particular motives. Their outer form is in harmony with their inner truth; they are actions devoid of pretension.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. ““The state (The state (HAI-A-TUNHAI-A-TUN) , in the inner self () , in the inner self (LIN - NAFSILIN - NAFSI), rooted or), rooted or stable (stable (RAA-SI-RAA-SI-KHKHATUNATUN), as a consequence of which actions in the), as a consequence of which actions in the person are engendered (person are engendered (TAS-DURUU - ANHA - AL-AF-’ALTAS-DURUU - ANHA - AL-AF-’AL), with), with ease (ease (BI YUS-RINBI YUS-RIN ) and facility () and facility (WA –SU-HUU-LATINWA –SU-HUU-LATIN), without the), without the need for thoughts and effort (need for thoughts and effort (MIN – GHAYRI -HAA-JA - TIN – ILAA-MIN – GHAYRI -HAA-JA - TIN – ILAA- FIK-RATIN – WA RAWIY-YAFIK-RATIN – WA RAWIY-YA)”)” -- Imam Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali rhm.a.Imam Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali rhm.a. Meaning ….From root : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. “But as for those who strive hard (JAHIDU) in Our cause -We shall most certainly guide them onto paths that lead unto Us: for, behold, Allah is indeed with the doers of good (MUHSINEEN).” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. “O you who have attained to faith! (ISwBIRU) Be patient in adversity, and (SwOBIRU) vie in patience with one another ; and (ROBITwU) remain stationed (ever ready to do what is right) and (be conscious and) fear Allah (TAQWALLAH); that you may be successful.” (Qur’an: Aali-’Imran: 3: 200) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. ““Consider the human self (Consider the human self (NAFSNAFS), and), and how it ishow it is formed in accordance with what it is meant to beformed in accordance with what it is meant to be,”,” ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  20. 20. The first that a person is naturally aware of is – “himself / herself”. This consciousness naturally develops and everything else becomes identified relative to it. As mankind is created in “the best conformation”, he is equipped with capabilities. Inherent within him are faculties with great potentials, if not properly nurtured may cause its growth to become distorted or unbalanced. Amongst the latent powers or faculties termed as “Quw-wah”, some of which are also inherent in some other beings, yet it is mankind that possess all of these. Yet which one uniquely distinguishes mankind as human? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. NON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANSNON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANS Sustenance Growth (Physical) Procreation (sexual) Movement at will Thought & Speech . .. . . . . . .. . X X X X X X X X X All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. ““THE MOST GRACIOUS has imparted this Qur’anTHE MOST GRACIOUS has imparted this Qur’an [unto man]. He has created man: He has imparted[unto man]. He has created man: He has imparted unto himunto him articulate thought and speecharticulate thought and speech ((AL-AL- BAYANBAYAN).”).” ((Qur’an: Rahman: 55: 1-4Qur’an: Rahman: 55: 1-4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
  23. 23. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. Our Prophet’s upbringing s.a.a.w. contains much wisdom weOur Prophet’s upbringing s.a.a.w. contains much wisdom we must learn from, amongst which was firstly his being given amust learn from, amongst which was firstly his being given a good name. Naming in fact is the beginning of a child’sgood name. Naming in fact is the beginning of a child’s cognitive and communicative education.cognitive and communicative education. Then our Prophet s.a.w. was nurtured amongst the bedouinThen our Prophet s.a.w. was nurtured amongst the bedouin tribe oftribe of Bani Sa’adah,Bani Sa’adah, which instilled in him the pure Arabicwhich instilled in him the pure Arabic language and the noble mannerism.language and the noble mannerism. Imam Muhammad Idris Ash-Shafi-’ieImam Muhammad Idris Ash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a. excelled in therhm.a. excelled in the Arabic language and learning the bedouin ways, before heArabic language and learning the bedouin ways, before he went on learning and mastering other Islamic sciences.went on learning and mastering other Islamic sciences. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. The Malays cherish “The Malays cherish “Budi BahasaBudi Bahasa” as the noble traits in a” as the noble traits in a person.person. ““BudiBudi” in my understanding is similar to Islamic concept of” in my understanding is similar to Islamic concept of ““muru-ahmuru-ah” (wholesome, being a human;) with “” (wholesome, being a human;) with “FutuwwaFutuwwa”” (chivalry), and(chivalry), and as to “as to “BahasaBahasa” his/her excellence in speech and decorum.” his/her excellence in speech and decorum. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. The most obvious beginning for a child’s education is theThe most obvious beginning for a child’s education is the spoken words, or sound or even the noise which may impactspoken words, or sound or even the noise which may impact their development.their development. Thus theThus the SunnahSunnah – reciting Qur’an, the Adzan, story telling, as– reciting Qur’an, the Adzan, story telling, as well as the traditional lullaby (‘well as the traditional lullaby (‘sha’irsha’ir ‘or ‘‘or ‘pantun nasihatpantun nasihat’’) or) or of Islamicof Islamic nasheednasheed andand Du’aDu’a, etc.. cannot be under-estimated., etc.. cannot be under-estimated. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. Speaking to a child should be done with clarity , in our dictionSpeaking to a child should be done with clarity , in our diction or pronunciation, mindful of the message In our heart / mindor pronunciation, mindful of the message In our heart / mind when we convey it without us lapsing into gibberish.when we convey it without us lapsing into gibberish. Thus, exposure to the Qur’anic recitations would in actual factThus, exposure to the Qur’anic recitations would in actual fact not only be exposing them to a “not only be exposing them to a “perfected speech from Allahperfected speech from Allah”” but also invoking blessings and other attending bestowalsbut also invoking blessings and other attending bestowals upon the child.upon the child. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. Exposure to direct human voice must be preferred to sound (ofExposure to direct human voice must be preferred to sound (of musical) inanimate machine or even television. Shelter themmusical) inanimate machine or even television. Shelter them from those with uncouth trait and especially evil people. Do notfrom those with uncouth trait and especially evil people. Do not ignore or take this advice lightly.ignore or take this advice lightly. When speaking the volume or tone of our voice etc. ; theWhen speaking the volume or tone of our voice etc. ; the courtesy inherent within the manner of our speech; thecourtesy inherent within the manner of our speech; the accompanying emotions, feeling and our stress in moral valuesaccompanying emotions, feeling and our stress in moral values etc. are very important to be considered as these wouldetc. are very important to be considered as these would inevitably be absorbed by the child – even while they are in theirinevitably be absorbed by the child – even while they are in their crib/cradle.crib/cradle. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  29. 29. Remember:Remember: The key to clarity in one’s thoughts depends veryThe key to clarity in one’s thoughts depends very much upon the clarity of one’s language proficiency.much upon the clarity of one’s language proficiency. And a young child can be taught several languages. They have aAnd a young child can be taught several languages. They have a tremendous capacity and love to imitate (tremendous capacity and love to imitate (HUB-BUT-TAQ-LEEDHUB-BUT-TAQ-LEED).). An Arabic saying : “An Arabic saying : “Memorising when young is like etching onMemorising when young is like etching on stones, whereas memorising when one is old (in comparison) itstones, whereas memorising when one is old (in comparison) it would be like writing on waterwould be like writing on water.”.” Rote learning in a child’s education is very necessary, althoughRote learning in a child’s education is very necessary, although we should be creative to ensure effectiveness.we should be creative to ensure effectiveness. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. Through the teaching of language which utilizes stories andThrough the teaching of language which utilizes stories and anecdotes, we transfer our cultural , historical , religious andanecdotes, we transfer our cultural , historical , religious and moral values, connecting them to aspects or our ancestralmoral values, connecting them to aspects or our ancestral heritage, instilling in them dignity and rootedness, which areheritage, instilling in them dignity and rootedness, which are important to formation of an identity (important to formation of an identity (shakh-siyyahshakh-siyyah).). If these are neglected –If these are neglected – na-’uudzu-billahna-’uudzu-billah – we would have lost– we would have lost the opportunity and may even, by its omission, exposed the childthe opportunity and may even, by its omission, exposed the child to defective factors in their formative upbringing that mayto defective factors in their formative upbringing that may impede their future Islamic education.impede their future Islamic education. LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailExtracted from:Extracted from:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  31. 31. BRIEF ORIENTATION FOR MUSLIM EDUCATORS Presentation by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail for ”Teachers of PPIS Kindergarten -2012” Organized by PPIS Extracted from:Extracted from: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. Extracted from:Extracted from: BRIEF ORIENTATION FOR MUSLIM EDUCATORS Presentation by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail for ”Teachers of PPIS Kindergarten -2012” Organized by PPISAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  In original Malay, each Pantun usually has four lines (stanzas), each consists of only four words. First two stanzas usually serves as foreshadow of the actual message in the next two stanzas, and both must share its rhymed endings.  My translation may not fulfil the ‘four-words-per-line’ criteria, only the rhyme.
  33. 33. ““Pulau pandan jauh ketengah,Pulau pandan jauh ketengah, Gunung Daik bercabang tiga,Gunung Daik bercabang tiga, Hancur badan dikandung tanah,Hancur badan dikandung tanah, Budi baik dikenang juga”Budi baik dikenang juga” ““Island of Pandan glistens in the wave,Island of Pandan glistens in the wave, Mountain of Daik with three peaks appeared,Mountain of Daik with three peaks appeared, Though our body be destroyed completely in the grave,Though our body be destroyed completely in the grave, But our deeds of kindness will forever be remembered”But our deeds of kindness will forever be remembered” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  34. 34. ““Tinggi sungguh gunung Daik,Tinggi sungguh gunung Daik, Mercunya nampak terang berkilau,Mercunya nampak terang berkilau, Kalau asal benih yang baik,Kalau asal benih yang baik, Jatuh ke laut menjadi pulau.”Jatuh ke laut menjadi pulau.” ““Majestic is mount Daik with awe and radiance,Majestic is mount Daik with awe and radiance, With the sun atop its peak they appear to merge,With the sun atop its peak they appear to merge, If a seed is truly derived from that of excellence,If a seed is truly derived from that of excellence, When thrown in the sea an island will emerge”When thrown in the sea an island will emerge” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  35. 35. ““Pisang emas bawa belayar,Pisang emas bawa belayar, Masak sebiji di atas peti,Masak sebiji di atas peti, Hutang emas boleh dibayar,Hutang emas boleh dibayar, Hutang budi dibawa mati.”Hutang budi dibawa mati.” ““Golden banana for a journey is laid,Golden banana for a journey is laid, One is ripen upon a crate aplenty ,One is ripen upon a crate aplenty , Debt in gold can certainly be repaid,Debt in gold can certainly be repaid, But the debt of kindness is to be borne for eternity”But the debt of kindness is to be borne for eternity” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  36. 36. “Bunga melati bunga di darat, Bunga seroja di tepi kali, Hina besi kerana karat, Hina manusia tidak berbudi.” ““Wide is the fragrance a jasmine cast,Wide is the fragrance a jasmine cast, The lotus excel in its beauty and purity,The lotus excel in its beauty and purity, Iron is despised because of its rust,Iron is despised because of its rust, A person is despised for lacking in morality”A person is despised for lacking in morality” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  37. 37. ““Halia ini tanam-tanaman,Halia ini tanam-tanaman, Ke barat juga akan rebahnya,Ke barat juga akan rebahnya, Dunia ini pinjam-pinjaman,Dunia ini pinjam-pinjaman, Ke akhirat juga akan sudahnya”Ke akhirat juga akan sudahnya”   ““Ginger is a plant that grows in clumps,Ginger is a plant that grows in clumps, Towards the west it’s shoot will turn,Towards the west it’s shoot will turn, Life in this world is but on borrowed times,Life in this world is but on borrowed times, For the Hereafter is where all must eternally return”For the Hereafter is where all must eternally return”   All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  38. 38. ““Berburu ke padang datar,Berburu ke padang datar, Mendapat rusa belang kaki,Mendapat rusa belang kaki, Berguru kepalang ajar,Berguru kepalang ajar, Bagaikan bunga kembang tak jadi”Bagaikan bunga kembang tak jadi” ““To go hunting on the plains deserted,To go hunting on the plains deserted, Tracking a deer till it meet its doom,Tracking a deer till it meet its doom, If in learning one is lazy, dull and half-hearted,If in learning one is lazy, dull and half-hearted, Like flower that wilted as bud, before it canLike flower that wilted as bud, before it can ever bloom.”ever bloom.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  39. 39. ““Buah cempedak di luar pagar,Buah cempedak di luar pagar, Ambilkan galah tolong jolokkanAmbilkan galah tolong jolokkan Saya budak baru belajar,Saya budak baru belajar, Kalau salah tolong tunjukkan”Kalau salah tolong tunjukkan” ““Out on the fence a jackfruit is leaning,Out on the fence a jackfruit is leaning, To pull it with a pole the fruit can be harvested,To pull it with a pole the fruit can be harvested, I am just a learner very new to this learning,I am just a learner very new to this learning, Hoping to be corrected wherever I have erred.”Hoping to be corrected wherever I have erred.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  40. 40. “Ke hulu memotong pagar, Jangan terpotong batang durian, Carilah guru tempat belajar, Jangan menyesal dihari kemudian.” ““The fence needs cutting as well as cleaning,The fence needs cutting as well as cleaning, But do not destroy the branch of the durian tree,But do not destroy the branch of the durian tree, Seek out a teacher to guide you in your learning,Seek out a teacher to guide you in your learning, Lest great is the regret, your future will be.”Lest great is the regret, your future will be.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  41. 41. ““Anak teruna menanam betik,Anak teruna menanam betik, Buah cempedak di dalam raga,Buah cempedak di dalam raga, Apa guna berwajah cantik,Apa guna berwajah cantik, Kalau kurang budi bahasa.”Kalau kurang budi bahasa.” ““A young man planted a papaya tree,A young man planted a papaya tree, A jackfruit is placed inside a basket,A jackfruit is placed inside a basket, What is the use having only physical beauty,What is the use having only physical beauty, When you lack humanity, culture and etiquette ”When you lack humanity, culture and etiquette ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  42. 42. ““Berakit-rakit ke-hulu,Berakit-rakit ke-hulu, Berenang-renang ke-tepian,Berenang-renang ke-tepian, Bersakit-sakit dahulu,Bersakit-sakit dahulu, Bersenang-senang kemudian”Bersenang-senang kemudian” ““Rafting upriver to reach the forest trees,Rafting upriver to reach the forest trees, Swimming to the beach to rest on the sand,Swimming to the beach to rest on the sand, So patiently persevere all initial difficulties.So patiently persevere all initial difficulties. To certainly attain the happiness in the end.”To certainly attain the happiness in the end.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  43. 43. ““Orang Daik memacu kuda,Orang Daik memacu kuda, Kuda dipacu deras sekali,Kuda dipacu deras sekali, Buat baik berpada-pada,Buat baik berpada-pada, Buat jahat jangan sekali”Buat jahat jangan sekali” ““People of Daik on horses in a valley ,People of Daik on horses in a valley , Racing on their steed in rows of two,Racing on their steed in rows of two, Spread you goodness with wisdom appropriately,Spread you goodness with wisdom appropriately, Not a single deed of evil must you ever do.”Not a single deed of evil must you ever do.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  44. 44. Berbunga lebat pohon rambutan,Berbunga lebat pohon rambutan, Hinggap tempua berjuntai kaki,Hinggap tempua berjuntai kaki, Bila dapat memandang rang bulan,Bila dapat memandang rang bulan, Jangan dilupa rumput di kaki.”Jangan dilupa rumput di kaki.” ““The bloom of the flower on the rambutan tree,The bloom of the flower on the rambutan tree, The weaver bird’s nesting is amazing indeed,The weaver bird’s nesting is amazing indeed, When you can marvel at the full moon and its beauty,When you can marvel at the full moon and its beauty, Forget not the grass which humbly lay at your feet ”Forget not the grass which humbly lay at your feet ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  45. 45. ““Dikala pagi pergi berdagang,Dikala pagi pergi berdagang, Menyara hidup untuk keluarga,Menyara hidup untuk keluarga, Rela ku mati berputih tulang,Rela ku mati berputih tulang, Dari hidup berputih mata.”Dari hidup berputih mata.” ““Morning to the market where trading is assured,Morning to the market where trading is assured, Seeking provision for family not for fame,Seeking provision for family not for fame, Honouring justice and truth, death is preferred,Honouring justice and truth, death is preferred, Rather than life of self-pity, perpetually in shame.”Rather than life of self-pity, perpetually in shame.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  46. 46. ““Salam menghadap, hamba dan dayang,Salam menghadap, hamba dan dayang, Raja bermalam di dendang teruja,Raja bermalam di dendang teruja, Dalam kitab ada terlarang,Dalam kitab ada terlarang, Perkara yang haram jangan dicuba.”Perkara yang haram jangan dicuba.” ““ With looks so dignified, all the servant and maiden,With looks so dignified, all the servant and maiden, With manners and charm, before the resting king,With manners and charm, before the resting king, The Book (Qur’an) has clarified all that is forbidden,The Book (Qur’an) has clarified all that is forbidden, Whatever is ‘haram’ therefore, refrain yourself from doing”Whatever is ‘haram’ therefore, refrain yourself from doing” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  47. 47. ““ Gelama, senohong disalut lumpur,Gelama, senohong disalut lumpur, Masak nasi santan biasa,Masak nasi santan biasa, Apa guna sombong dan takbur,Apa guna sombong dan takbur, Rosak hati badan binasa.”Rosak hati badan binasa.” ““Fishing for trout from the muddy river,Fishing for trout from the muddy river, Coconut milk with rice, the usual way of cooking,Coconut milk with rice, the usual way of cooking, Avoid being proud and arrogance in behaviour,Avoid being proud and arrogance in behaviour, Such corrupted heart destroys, your entire being”Such corrupted heart destroys, your entire being” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) English translation
  48. 48. Working together in planting the rice, Under the mid-Day sun the work is done; Doing good towards others one must be wise, Lest your independence trampled your dignity  pawned. English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Ramai-ramai menanam padi, Tanam pula di tengah hari; Pandai-pandai menanam budi, Jangan sampai tergadai diri.”
  49. 49. Upon the ruins of the Malacca fort, Restore independence in our spirit and image , Be ever united throughout with greatest effort, Defend all rights with justice safeguarding all heritage. English translation Dr. Burhanuddin Al-HelmyDr. Burhanuddin Al-Helmy All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Di atas robohan kota Melaka Kita dirikan jiwa merdeka Bersatu padulah segenap baka Membela hak keadilan pusaka
  50. 50. A spotted fowl is seen at the forest edge. From the side of the well its movement is observed; In the minds of people, one’s good name is etched, A thousand years may pass, yet such goodness will  always be remembered. English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Ayam rintik di pinggir hutan, Nampak dari tepi telaga ; Nama yang baik jadi ingatan, Seribu tahun terkenang juga
  51. 51. Seven stars of Pleiades in the night sky is shining, The moon rose majestically from over the horizon; Learning from a teacher requires earnestness in seeking, Whatever one has learnt should not be neglected nor  forgotten.  English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Bintang tujuh sinar berseri, Bulan purnama datang menerpa; Ajaran guru hendak dicari , Mana yang dapat janganlah lupa
  52. 52. If you hope to be known Plant much seeds upon the padi feild  Follow the padi for how it is grown Humbling to the ground the heavier its yeild English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Bila diri ingin dikenal Semailah benih ditengah sawah Bawalah ilmu padi diladang Tambah berisi tunduk kebawah
  53. 53. When you wish to be seen as great Avoid bragging, self-praise and arrogance The behavior of the hen don’t you ever imitate  Only a single egg yet it raised much commotion.  English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Bila diri ingin terpandang Jauhi kata tinggi melambung Jauhi sifat ayam dikampung Bertelur satu riuh sekampung
  54. 54. Avoid acting as if you know all Conceited with pride pounding your chest Remember well the turtle’s lesson to us all Hundred eggs laid yet concealing them is best English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Jauhi sifat kelaku pandai Angkuh dan sombong menepuk dada Ingat petua penyu dipantai Telur beratus namun tak bangga
  55. 55. To be admired like the rose with its fragrance Rid yourself of boastful speech and of being arrogant A snake do not lose its venom, while exuding patience Though amongst thorns of bushes it chose to remain hidden English translation All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Bila ingin harum bak mawar Jauhi sifat meninggi diri Bisa ular tidakkan tawar Walau menyorok batang berduri
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. “The wise statement is the lost property of the believer, so wherever he finds it, then he is more worthy of it.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from Abu Hurayra) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Now, let us look at the  traditional Chinese and Indian  wisdom 
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. ren zhi chu People at birth All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. xing ben shan Are naturally good All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. xing xiang jin Their nature are similar All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. xi xiang yuan Their habits become different All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. gou bu jiao If negligently or foolishly, not taught, All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. xing nai qian Their nature deteriorate/ differ widely. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. jiao zhi dao The right way to teach, All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. gui yi zhuan Is with absolute concentration/ thoroughness (i.e. patient, determined and constant striving/ disciplining) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. 31. From virtue weal and wealth outflow What greater good can mankind know? 32. Virtue enhances joy and gain Forsaking it is fall and pain. 33. Perform good deeds as much you can Always and everywhere, O man! The power of virtue All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. 34. In spotless mind virtue is found And not in show and swelling sound. 35. Four ills eschew and virtue reach Lust, anger, envy, evil-speech. 36. Do good enow; defer it not A deathless aid in death if sought. The power of virtue All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. 37. Litter-bearer and rider say Without a word, the fortune’s way. 38. Like stones that block rebirth and pain Are doing good and good again. 39. Weal flows only from virtue done The rest is rue and renown gone. 40. Worthy act is virtue done Vice is what we ought to shun. The power of virtue All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. Extracted from:Extracted from: ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English forIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsAdults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. “And We did not send any messenger except [speaking] in the language of his people to state clearly for them, and Allah sends astray [thereby] whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. ““We the prophets are commanded to place peopleWe the prophets are commanded to place people according toaccording to their stationtheir station andand to speak unto themto speak unto them in accordance with theirin accordance with their intellectual capacityintellectual capacity.”.” ((Hadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.aHadith reported by Abu Dawud from A’isyah r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. ““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember AllahThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when youwhen you look upon himlook upon him; and; and whenever he speakswhenever he speaks it increases you yourit increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), andknowledge (of the Deen), and with his deedswith his deeds it inspires (motivates) you toit inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”strive for your Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. ““[At His behest] the sun and the moon run their[At His behest] the sun and the moon run their appointed courses; [before Him] prostrate them­appointed courses; [before Him] prostrate them­ selves the stars and the trees. And the skies has Heselves the stars and the trees. And the skies has He raised high, and has devised [for all things] araised high, and has devised [for all things] a measure,measure, so that you [too, O men,] might neverso that you [too, O men,] might never transgress the measure [of what is right]:weightransgress the measure [of what is right]:weigh,, therefore, [your deeds] with equity (therefore, [your deeds] with equity (QISQISTwTw), and cut), and cut not the measure short!”not the measure short!” ((Qur’an: ar­Rahman: 55: 5­9Qur’an: ar­Rahman: 55: 5­9)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. ““Alif. Lam. Ra. A DIVINE WRIT [this ­ revelation]Alif. Lam. Ra. A DIVINE WRIT [this ­ revelation] which We have bestowed upon thee from on high inwhich We have bestowed upon thee from on high in order that thou might bring forth all mankind, byorder that thou might bring forth all mankind, by their Sustainer's leave,their Sustainer's leave, out of the depths ofout of the depths of darkness into the light: onto the way that leads todarkness into the light: onto the way that leads to the Almightythe Almighty, the One to whom all praise is due ­”, the One to whom all praise is due ­” ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 1Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. “Verily we have honoured the children of Adam. We carry them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have preferred them above many of those whom We created with a marked preferment.” (Qur’an: al­Isra’: 17: 70) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. “Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).” (Qur’an: al­Insan: 76:2­3) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. “Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it (BI­ANFUSIHIM) in themselves (within their own souls/selves).” (Qur’an: ar­Ra’d: 13: 11) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. ““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings (NI’MAH)Allah would never change the blessings (NI’MAH) with which He has graced a people unless they change theirwith which He has graced a people unless they change their (ANFUSIHIM) inner selves(ANFUSIHIM) inner selves: and [know] that Allah is all­Hearing,: and [know] that Allah is all­Hearing, all­Seeing.”all­Seeing.” ((Qur’an: Al­ Anfal : 8:53Qur’an: Al­ Anfal : 8:53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. “Many are the Jinns and men We have made for Hell: they have hearts (QULUB)wherewith they understand not, eyes (U’­YUUN)wherewith they see not, and ears (UDZU­NUN) wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle nay more misguided: for they are (they who are) heedless (of warning – AL­GHO­FI­LUN.)” (Qur’an: al­A’raf: 7:179) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. “But nay ­ they who are bent on evildoing follow but their own desires , without having any knowledge (of the truth). And who could guide those whom Allah has [thus] let go astray, and who (thereupon) have none to succour them?” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 29) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. “AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever­true] faith, turning away from all that is false, in accordance with the natural disposition (FITwRAH) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,] not to allow any change to corrupt what Allah has thus created (LI­KHOL­QIL­LAAH) this is the [purpose of the one] ever­true faith; but most people know it not.­” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. ““VERILY, in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have aVERILY, in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example (US­WATUN ­good example (US­WATUN ­ HHASANAH)ASANAH) for everyone whofor everyone who looks forward [with hope and awe] to Allah and the Lastlooks forward [with hope and awe] to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah unceasingly.Day, and remembers Allah unceasingly.”” ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 21Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 21)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. ““Verily, I have not been sent (as Prophet) except toVerily, I have not been sent (as Prophet) except to perfect the nobleperfect the noble AkhlaqAkhlaq (disposition of mankind).”(disposition of mankind).” ((Hadith reported by MalikHadith reported by Malik)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. ““And you (Q Muhammad, stands) on anAnd you (Q Muhammad, stands) on an exalted standardexalted standard of character (disposition).”of character (disposition).” ((Qur’an: Qalam: 68: 4Qur’an: Qalam: 68: 4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. “Say: Our life takes its colour from Allah! And who could give a better colour (to life) than Allah? And it is He (alone) Whom we worship.” (Qur’an: al­Baqarah: 2: 138) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. ““Verily, WeVerily, We create man in the best conformationcreate man in the best conformation; and thereafter; and thereafter We reduce him to the lowest of lowWe reduce him to the lowest of low exceptingexcepting only such as attain toonly such as attain to faith and do good works: and theirs shall be a reward unending! ”faith and do good works: and theirs shall be a reward unending! ” ((Qur’an: Tin: 95: 1­6Qur’an: Tin: 95: 1­6)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. ANGELSANGELS JINN (spirits)JINN (spirits) MANKINDMANKIND ANIMALSANIMALS PLANTSPLANTS Elevated to theElevated to the highest, evenhighest, even higher thanhigher than AngelsAngels Debased to beDebased to be the lowest of thethe lowest of the low.low. IN THE CENTRE EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. AngelicAngelic SatanicSatanic AdamicAdamic AnimalisticAnimalistic VegetativeVegetative WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIESWITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES MANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULDMANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD ‘‘AQLIYYAHAQLIYYAH WAHM/KHAYALIWAHM/KHAYALI FITRAH SALIMAFITRAH SALIMA BAHIMIYAHBAHIMIYAH NABATIYYAHNABATIYYAH EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. Al-‘Al-‘AQLIYYAHAQLIYYAH Power of intelligencePower of intelligence Al- WAHMIYYAH / KHAYALIYYAHAl- WAHMIYYAH / KHAYALIYYAH Power of abstraction / imaginationPower of abstraction / imagination WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIESWITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES MANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULDMANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. AL-GHADABIYYAHAL-GHADABIYYAH Power of angerPower of anger AL-SHAHWIYYAHAL-SHAHWIYYAH Power of desiresPower of desires WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIESWITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES MANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULDMANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. The function and value of every one of these powers or facultiesThe function and value of every one of these powers or faculties of the “of the “nafsnafs” is commonly well understood. If man did not have the” is commonly well understood. If man did not have the power of reason (intelligence), it would have been impossible forpower of reason (intelligence), it would have been impossible for him to distinguish between good and evil, right and wrong, true andhim to distinguish between good and evil, right and wrong, true and false.false. If he did not possess the faculty of anger, he could not defendIf he did not possess the faculty of anger, he could not defend himself against attack and aggression.himself against attack and aggression. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. If force of sexual attraction and desire did not exist in man, theIf force of sexual attraction and desire did not exist in man, the continued existence of the human species would be endangered.continued existence of the human species would be endangered. And finally if man lacked the power of imagination, he could notAnd finally if man lacked the power of imagination, he could not visualise universals or particulars, and he would be unable to makevisualise universals or particulars, and he would be unable to make any inference based on them.any inference based on them. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99. As in all things which Allah has created, the principle of moderationAs in all things which Allah has created, the principle of moderation and balance is applicable. The principle also applies to these facultiesand balance is applicable. The principle also applies to these faculties which are to be developed in man.which are to be developed in man. The means to attain to this Islamic principle of “The means to attain to this Islamic principle of “justice; excellence;justice; excellence; balance or equilibriumbalance or equilibrium” in the Qur’anic terms” in the Qur’anic terms ofof ‘ADALA, I‘ADALA, IHHSAN, QISSAN, QISTwTw etc. manifesting these in ourselves as witnesses toetc. manifesting these in ourselves as witnesses to TAUTAUHHEEDEED -- attestation to Oneness of Allah.attestation to Oneness of Allah. The golden rule is moderation -The golden rule is moderation - WAWASSAATwTw - neither lacking in nor too- neither lacking in nor too much (excessive) use of these inherent powers - it will produce certainmuch (excessive) use of these inherent powers - it will produce certain traits or disposition (traits or disposition (AAKHKHLAQLAQ) in man. The following chart may explain:) in man. The following chart may explain: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  100. 100. ““ QuwwahQuwwah ”” ((Faculty or PowerFaculty or Power))  IntelligenceIntelligence  AngerAnger  DesireDesire  Imagination /Imagination / abstractionabstraction DEFICIENTDEFICIENT  StupidityStupidity  CowardiceCowardice  LethargyLethargy  SubmissiveSubmissive EXCESSIVEEXCESSIVE SlynessSlyness FoolhardinessFoolhardiness RapaciousRapacious TyrannyTyranny MODERATIONMODERATION WisdomWisdom CourageCourage Chaste/modestyChaste/modesty JusticeJustice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  101. 101. “Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him? Or do you think that most of them hear or reason? They are not except like livestock. Rather, they are [even] more astray in [their] way.” (Qur’an:Furqan: 35: 43-44) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  102. 102. ““And We gave them clear proofs of the matter [of religion].And We gave them clear proofs of the matter [of religion]. AndAnd they did not differ except after knowledge had come to them - outthey did not differ except after knowledge had come to them - out of jealous animosity between themselves.of jealous animosity between themselves. Indeed, your Lord willIndeed, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning thatjudge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which they used to differ.”over which they used to differ.” ((Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 17Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 17)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. “Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on an ordained way concerning the matter [of religion – SHARI’AH]; so follow it and do not follow the inclinations of those who do not know. Indeed, they will never avail you against Allah at all. And indeed, the wrongdoers are allies of one another; but Allah is the protector of the righteous.” (Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 18) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. “Fair in the eyes of men isFair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covetthe love of things they covet: women: women and sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses brandedand sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled(for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life;land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearnessbut in nearness to Allah is the best of the goalsto Allah is the best of the goals (to return to).”(to return to).” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:14Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:14)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  105. 105. "But seek, with the (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on thee,"But seek, with the (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on thee, the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world:the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world: butbut do thou good, as Allah has been good to theedo thou good, as Allah has been good to thee, and seek not, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who(occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief."do mischief." ((Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 77)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  106. 106. "Be not deceived by the [uninhibited] movement of the disbelievers throughout the land. [It is but] a small enjoyment; then their [final] refuge is Hell, and wretched is the resting place." (Qur’an: Aasli ‘Imran: 3: 196-197) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  107. 107. ““Behold, Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and theBehold, Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and the giving (i.e. generosity) to kith and kin (i.e. fellow man), andgiving (i.e. generosity) to kith and kin (i.e. fellow man), and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: HeHe forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.”instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.” ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16 : 90Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16 : 90)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  108. 108. TO BE CONTINUED -TO BE CONTINUED - All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  109. 109. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us theO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us theAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  110. 110. "O Allah! I ask Your Blessings and peace be upon Muhammad"O Allah! I ask Your Blessings and peace be upon Muhammad and his Household and companions.”and his Household and companions.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  111. 111. O Allah, Thou art the All-Eternal the everO Allah, Thou art the All-Eternal the ever Existing the Source of every great Bestowals.Existing the Source of every great Bestowals. And thanks to Thy great mercy and graceAnd thanks to Thy great mercy and grace which is the source of everything happening.which is the source of everything happening. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  112. 112. This new year we beseech You (O Allah) to acceptThis new year we beseech You (O Allah) to accept our supplication seeking (Your) protection for usour supplication seeking (Your) protection for us all from satan, and from his allies and from hisall from satan, and from his allies and from his armies.armies. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  113. 113. And help us to overcome our commanding SelfAnd help us to overcome our commanding Self ((NAFS -AL-AMARAHNAFS -AL-AMARAH) which inclines towards evil) which inclines towards evil and wrong.and wrong. Make it (our Self –Make it (our Self – NAFSNAFS) to always be engaged) to always be engaged and busy in matters that will bring us closer to You.and busy in matters that will bring us closer to You. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  114. 114. ““O Allah! Verily I beg of You for aO Allah! Verily I beg of You for a NAFSNAFS (self-soul) that is in(self-soul) that is in tranquillitytranquillity with You, awith You, a NAFSNAFS (a self-soul) that is(a self-soul) that is certain andcertain and believesbelieves in meeting with You, (a self-soul that is always)in meeting with You, (a self-soul that is always) pleasedpleased with whatever You have decreed for me, andwith whatever You have decreed for me, and satisfiedsatisfied with all thatwith all that You have given me.”You have given me.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  115. 115. O You Who is the Possessor of Honour and Majesty.O You Who is the Possessor of Honour and Majesty. O You Who is the Most Merciful of those who showO You Who is the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy.Mercy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  116. 116. "O Allah! I ask Your Blessings and peace be upon Muhammad"O Allah! I ask Your Blessings and peace be upon Muhammad and his Household and companions.”and his Household and companions.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  117. 117. "Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and anything we may"Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and anything we may have done that transgressed our duty; establish ourhave done that transgressed our duty; establish our feet firmly and help us against those that resistfeet firmly and help us against those that resist Faith."Faith." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  118. 118. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  119. 119. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that whichOur Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have noOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us.And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over theYou are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  120. 120. ““Our Lord! we believe; then do Thou forgiveOur Lord! we believe; then do Thou forgive us, and have mercy upon us: for Thou art theus, and have mercy upon us: for Thou art the Best of those Who show mercy!”Best of those Who show mercy!” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  121. 121. "Our Lord! Grant unto us wives/husbands and"Our Lord! Grant unto us wives/husbands and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyesoffspring who will be the comfort of our eyes and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous."and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  122. 122. "Our Lord! Bestow on us Mercy from Thyself, and"Our Lord! Bestow on us Mercy from Thyself, and dispose of our affair for us in the right way! “dispose of our affair for us in the right way! “ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  123. 123. ““Our Lord! we have wronged our own souls:Our Lord! we have wronged our own souls: if Thou forgive us not and bestow not uponif Thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy we shall certainly be lost."us Thy Mercy we shall certainly be lost." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  124. 124. "O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness―"O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Dayme, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!"that the Reckoning will be established!" All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  125. 125. "Our Lord! Forgive us, and our brethren who"Our Lord! Forgive us, and our brethren who came before us into the Faith and leave not in ourcame before us into the Faith and leave not in our hearts, rancour (or sense of injury) against thosehearts, rancour (or sense of injury) against those who have believed Our Lord! Thou art indeed Fullwho have believed Our Lord! Thou art indeed Full of Kindness, Most Merciful.“of Kindness, Most Merciful.“ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  126. 126. “Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!" All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  127. 127. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon ourAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His householdLeader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .and Companions . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  128. 128. And all the Praises belongs to Allah,And all the Praises belongs to Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the worldLord Sustainer of all the world All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  129. 129. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 129All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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