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[Slideshare] (adab)lesson#8[d]-adab-towards-our-prophet-28 dec2011]

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LESSONS ON ISLAMIC
CONCEPT OF ADAB
By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
ADAB TOWARDS
OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD

“ TO OBEY
AND FOLLOW ”
THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
صلّى الله عليه وعلى آله وصحبه وسلّم

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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[Slideshare] (adab)lesson#8[d]-adab-towards-our-prophet-28 dec2011]

  1. 1. Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Insha’Allah -This is a follow-up course, after completion of 18 weeks course on the kitab “ Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum ” of Sheikh Tajuddin Nu’man Zarnuji ( 28 December 2011 ) Every Wednesday night @ 8pm Wisma Indah 448 Changi Rd,#02-00 (Next to Masjid Kassim), LESSON# 8 (d) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 2 ND RUN OF THE MODULE
  2. 2. By retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to be developed. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  3. 3. In our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “ knowledge ”. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  4. 4. Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by a Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  5. 5. Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by a Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS. Relationship with the Parents and Teacher RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  6. 6. Islam : to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLD TIME SELF BODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator: [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. PARENTS TEACHERS KNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and Teacher All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  7. 7. Islam : to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLD TIME SELF BODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education : [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator : [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although ultimate is Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. KNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and Teacher PARENTS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TEACHERS
  8. 8. “ Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” ( Hadith narrated by Tabrani ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  9. 9. “ Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: [1] To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), [2] And to love the Family members of his household (Aali Muhammad), [3] and (learn) to recite Al-Qur’an.” ( Hadith narrated by Tabrani ) SELF KNOWLEDGE TEACHERS THE WORLD PARENTS TIME ALLAH AHLIL-BAYTIHI ASHAABIHI AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH Relationship towards the Prophet s.a.w. his household & companions, and reciting al-Qur’an HISTORY * Seerah Tashri’ Tabaqat Islamic S.E. Asia The World All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RASULULLAH
  10. 10. WHAT ARE THESE AND HOW TO INCULCATE. ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) TO PROCEED FROM PREVIOUS LESSON ...
  15. 15. “ NOW [as for thee, O Muhammad,] We have not sent thee otherwise than the whole of mankind ( KAA-FAH LIN-NAAS ), to be a bearer of glad tidings ( BASHIRA ) and a warner ( NADZIRA ); but most people do not understand [this],” ( Qur’an: Saba’: 34: 28 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. <ul><li>SubHaa-nAllah ! This verse enumerated an important point which Allah highlighted for us to attentive to since to Allah, these are things ... “that most people do not know!” </li></ul><ul><li>What are they? What then is our obligation and responsibility as Muslims? Regarding these: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Muhammad is the Universal Messenger ” – has his message been conveyed? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bearer of Glad Tidings – the Good news ” – what good news? </li></ul><ul><li>“ To Warn Mankind ” – so to warn mankind of what? </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  18. 18. “ We have never sent any messenger save that he should be obeyed (heeded) by Allah’s leave (permission). If, then, after having sinned against themselves, they would but come round to thee (O Muhammad) and ask Allah to forgive them - with the Messenger, too, praying that they be forgiven - they would assuredly find that Allah is an acceptor of repentance, a dispenser of grace.” ( Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 64 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  19. 19. <ul><li>There are many command from Allah for us to obey the Prophet s.a.w. As every prophets sent were meant to be obeyed by Allah’s permission. </li></ul><ul><li>For our Prophet s.a.w., in this verse Allah highlighted the fact that his Du’a as intercession to seek Allah’s forgiveness to those who requested him to do so, is guaranteed fulfilment. SubHaa-nAllah ! </li></ul><ul><li>As Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is the last of the prophets, therefore this verse still remains relevant. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  21. 21. “ AND ALL WHO obey Allah and the messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah,- of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah! what a beautiful fellowship!” ( Qur’an: Nisa’: 4: 69 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  22. 22. <ul><li>A Muslim’s obedience to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. Is the gateway towards being included amongst the fellowship and company with every saintly and righteous souls – of the Prophets ( NABIYYIN ), the Truthful ( SIDDIQEEN ) , the Martyrs ( SHUHADA’ ) and the Righteous ( SwOLIHEEN ). </li></ul><ul><li>This fellowship is not physical but connects us with the spiritual and angelic realm, transcending the physical , time and space. Indeed, this message ought to be contemplated by present Muslims, especially those distracted and deceived by the worldly materialistic glitters surrounding our life. Remember: “ We are in this world, but we are not of this world! ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  23. 23. “ AND OBEY Allah and the Messenger, so that you might be graced with mercy.!” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 132 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. <ul><li>We tend to forget that we are constantly in sin, if not knowingly but mostly unknowingly through heedlessness. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus actually, we are much in need of Allah’s Mercy and forgiveness. The condition to deserve this is obedience to Allah and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. </li></ul><ul><li>It is as though Allah is highlighting the fact that those who chose to disobey are indeed arrogant and proud, as though they do not need Allah’s grace and Mercy. </li></ul><ul><li>O how foolish we are to be such ! </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  26. 26. “ O you who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of (and fear) Allah, and [always] speak with a will to bring out [only] what is just and true -[whereupon] He (Allah) will cause your deeds to be virtuous, and will forgive you your sins. And [know that] whoever obeys (pays heed unto) Allah and His Messenger has already attained to a mighty triumph.” ( Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 70-71 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  27. 27. <ul><li>To be able to obey Allah and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. Is already regarded as “ “ – FAUZAN AZEEM (Tremendous Triumph; great success; etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>This point must be noted so as to set aside “ doubts and hesitations ” which certain Muslims entertain when called to do what is right according to SHARI’IAH . Some people still use their own reasoning, logic or succumb to “ pragmatism ” of trying to please others when called to act Islamically. Just because, in their estimation, the result or outcome may seemed to be unfavourable, they therefore justify their not attempting to carry out a command of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  28. 28. <ul><li>This itself is evidence of ‘hypocrisy ‘ ( NIFAQ ) in their hearts; a cowardly attitude devoid of true sincerity ( IKHLAS ) in upholding the Deen , as commanded: </li></ul><ul><li>We should reflect upon this verse deeply, and always check our motive and intention (both for not doing as well as when doing deeds in life). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ And they were not commanded except to serve (worship) Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth “ ( Qur’an: Bayyinat: 98: 5 )
  29. 29. “ AND OBEY Allah and His Messenger, and do not [allow yourselves to] be at variance with one another, lest you lose heart and your moral strength desert you. And be patient in adversity: for, verily, Allah is with those who are patient in adversity.” ( Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  30. 30. <ul><li>Obedience to Allah and His Messenger is the common denominator for Muslims’ unity and strength. Indeed, this fundamental principle is the essence of what a Muslim should be. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, difference and disputes, even in matters of religion do occur because of hypocricy, jealousy and conceit. The hidden motive lies in people’s heart - for not every Muslim are automatically a Mu’meen . </li></ul><ul><li>The strength of the Ummah (Muslim community) is in the quality of its Muslims’ submission. Its weakness is the quarrelling, disputations and enmity of the ignorant and the insincere. Yet, the true believers must strive to remain steadfast and patient. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  32. 32. “ O you who have attained to faith! Obey (pay heed unto) Allah, and obey (pay heed unto) the Messenger and unto those from among you who have been entrusted with authority; and if you are at variance over any matter, refer it unto Allah and the Messenger, if you [truly] believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the best [for you], and best in the end.” ( Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  33. 33. <ul><li>Allah already knew that differences will occur, and thus this verse. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, despite of this clear directive, it has not resolve the disunity amongst many Muslims. The reason perhaps is because, to be able to conform such Muslims must be Believers ( MU’-MINEEN ), in Allah and the Hereafter ( AKHIRAH ). </li></ul><ul><li>Alas, with hypocrisy and insincerity; the influence of worldly and materialism; exacerbated by ignorance and ‘lost’ identity amongst Muslims – many are in fact opposing this verse. It is perhaps because they do not feel the ‘presence’ (existence) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. In their life, as how the SAHABAH (companions of Prophet) felt. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  34. 34. “ Remain, then, conscious of Allah (and fear Him – TAQWA ), and keep alive the bonds of brotherhood among yourselves, and obey (pay heed) unto Allah and His Messenger, if you are [truly] believers! ( MU’-MINEEN )” ( Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 1 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  35. 35. “ Say: Obey Allah and the Messenger.” And if they turn away - verily, Allah does not love those who deny the truth ( KAAFIRIN ).” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 32 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  36. 36. “ But nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not [really] believe unless they make thee [O Prophet] a judge of all on which they disagree among themselves, and then find in their hearts no bar to an acceptance of thy decision and give themselves up [to it] in utter self-surrender.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 65 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  37. 37. “ Now whenever Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, it is not for a believing man or a believing woman to claim freedom of choice insofar as they themselves are concerned: for he who [thus] rebels against Allah and His Messenger has already, most obviously, gone astray.” ( Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  38. 38. “ O you who have attained to faith, obey (pay heed unto) Allah and His Messenger, and do not turn away from Him now that you hear [His message]; and be not like those who say, &quot;We have heard&quot;, the while they do not hearken.” ( Qur’an: Ahzab: 8: 20-21) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  39. 39. “ Verily, the vilest of all creatures in the sight of Allah are those deaf, those dumb ones who do not use their reason. For, if Allah had seen any good in them, He would certainly have made them hear: but [as it is,] even if He had made them hear, they would surely have turned away in their obstinacy.” ( Qur’an: Ahzab: 8: 22-23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  40. 40. <ul><li>How do you “obey and follow”? </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever a matter has been decided by clear basis, especially from authentic sources (Qur’an, As-Sunnah and teachings from a competent Islamic scholars), do not entertain any doubts, but discipline yourself to want to act upon it first. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire those knowledge from the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which leads us toward acting upon them, especially on obligatory matters. In this way, we diminish our ‘intellectual ego’ from being conceited, for most of us forget that “ to follow is not merely to know and narrate, but to act upon his teachings in ourselves .” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  41. 41. <ul><li>An important reminder of our Prophet s.a.w.: </li></ul>“ What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can. It was only their excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed those who came before you.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  42. 42. <ul><li>Actually, Muslims are already taught ‘ Adab ’ in following the Prophet from the categorization of “ Hukm taklifi ” and Fiqh : </li></ul><ul><li>[1] Fardh ‘ain before Fardh kifaaya ; </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wajib before mandub ( sunnat ); </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Removing harm ( mafsadah , or mungkar ) has priority over bringing new benefit ( maslahat ); </li></ul><ul><li>[4] That which is near or closest, before the far and the distant; </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Concern for our shortcomings rather than relishing or indulging in self-praise; </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Aakhirah ( eternal Hereafter ) has precedence over Dunya (temporal world). etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  43. 43. “ Say [O Prophet]: &quot;If you love Allah, follow me, [and] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 31 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  46. 46. &quot;Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.&quot; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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  48. 48. “ O Allah, make my speech be guidance, inspire me with reverential fear, give me success in that which is most pure, and employ me in what is most pleasing to Thee! O Allah, let me tread the most exemplary path and make me live and die in Thy creed! O Allah, bless Muhammad and his Household, give me to enjoy moderation, make me into one of the people of right behaviour, the proofs of right conduct, and the servants of righteousness,&quot; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  49. 49. O Allah! Make faith ( iiman ) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief ( Kufr ), sinning ( Fusuq ) and rebelliousness ( `isyan ) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided ( Raa-shi-duun ). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  50. 50. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  51. 51. ‘ And (may All a h send) salutations and prayers upon Mu h ammad and upon the household and companions of Mu h ammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  52. 52. “ Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  53. 53. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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