[Slideshare[ adab-lesson#10g-(du'a)-11 april-2012

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LESSONS ON ISLAMIC
CONCEPT OF ADAB
By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

ADAB TOWARDS
اَاللهُ سُبْحَان هُوَ تَعَالَى
ALLAH THE
MOST GLORIOUS
MOST EXALTED

DU’A

SUPPLICATION; PRAYER

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[Slideshare[ adab-lesson#10g-(du'a)-11 april-2012

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH ( 11 April 2012 ) LESSON# 10 g Every Wednesday night @ 8pm MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL. Wisma Indah 450 Changi Rd,#02-00 (Next to Masjid Kassim), LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail CONTINUATION OF THE 2ND RUN MODULE PART 2 Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice Insha’Allah -This is a follow-up course, after completion of 18 weeks course on the kitab “Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum ” of Sheikh Tajuddin Nu’man ZarnujiAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 1
  2. 2. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON By retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to be developed.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON In our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “knowledge”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON Yet, we are born helpless and have to be cared, nurtured, to be inculcated with discipline, taught and developed by a Murabbi’ (EDUCATOR) – the first of whom are our PARENTS.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. TO PROCEED WE ARE NOW ON THE TOPICAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. NAFS al-AMMARAH AD-DEENUL-ISLAM (Commanding self) Link to various TIME Quwwah (powers): [1] shahwiyya (desires) [2] ghadabiyya BODY (anger) SELF HEART [3] Wahmiyah (imaginative) TONGUE [4] ‘aqliyya DESIRE (thoughts) MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. ALLAH RASULULLAH AL-QUR’AN HEREAFTER AS-SUNNAH TIME BODY SELF HEART TONGUE DESIRE MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. RASULULLAH HEREAFTER ALLAH AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH TIME BODY SELF HEART TONGUE DESIRE MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  12. 12. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. IIMAN ‘AMAL • IHSAN [Islam] Belief Submission Best or Faith Obedience Righteous Conviction Practice Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON II-MANAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. Definition of iiman : “Utterance with the tongue (speech); affirmation with the heart/mind (conviction); and manifesting through practice (actions).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON SIL-MI - KAAFAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17. [1] TONGUE [2] HEARING [3] SIGHT [4] HANDS [5] LEGS [6] STOMACH [7] PRIVATE PARTSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON AL-IHSANAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON DZIKRAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON SHAKURAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON KHAUFAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  22. 22. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON KHASHI-YAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  23. 23. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON RA-JAAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON TAWAA-DHU’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON HAYAA’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON TAU-BAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON ISTIGHFARAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. TO PROCEED DU’AAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30. “It is Allah who made for you the earth a place of settlement and the sky a ceiling and formed you and perfected your forms and provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord (ROB- BUKUM) ; then blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds.” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 64)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. “He is (AL-HAYU) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so (FAD-’UUHU) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion (MUKH-LISAN LAHUD-DEEN). [All] praise is [due] to Allah, (ROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEEN) Lord of the worlds. Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon (TAD-’UUNA) besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds."” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." (Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35. “Say: "Invoke ALLAH, or invoke (AR-RAHMAAN) the Most Gracious: by whichever name you invoke Him, [He is always the One-for] His are all the attributes of perfection (ASMA-UL- HUSNA). And [pray unto Him; yet] be not too loud in thy prayer nor speak it in too low a voice, but follow a way in-between;” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17:110)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. “AD-DU’A (Supplication) is the marrow (essence) of AL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37. “AD-DU’A (Supplication) is (itself) AL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. “Nothing (of our action) is nobler in Allah’s sight than that of supplicating to Him (AD-DU’A) in our times of ease (AR-RAKHA’). ” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. “AD-DU’A (Supplication) is the weapon of the Believer, the pillar of his Religion and light of the heaven and earth ” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40. “Thee alone do we worship; and unto Thee alone do we turn for aid.” (Qur’an: al-Fateha: 1: 5)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42. SAY [O Prophet]: "O mankind! If you are in doubt as to what my faith is, then [know that] I do not worship those beings whom you worship beside Allah, but [that] I worship Allah alone, who shall cause you [all] to die: for I have been bidden to be among those who believe [in Him alone].” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 104)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. ” Hence, [O man,] set thy face steadfastly towards the [true] faith, turning away from all that is false, and be not among those who ascribe divinity to aught beside Allah. Thus, do not invoke, side by side with Allah, anything that can neither benefit thee nor harm thee: for, behold, if thou do it, thou wilt surely be among the evildoers!” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 105-106)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. ” And [know that] if Allah should touch thee with misfortune, there is none who could remove it save Him; and if He intends good for thee, there is none who could turn away His bounty: He causes it to alight upon whomsoever He wills of His servants. And He alone is truly forgiving, truly a dispenser of grace.” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 107)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. “But your Sustainer says: “Call unto Me, [and] I shall respond to you! Verily, they who are too proud to worship Me will enter hell, abased!” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 60)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. “AND IF My servants ask thee about Me - behold, I am near; I respond to the (DU’A) call of him who calls, whenever he calls unto Me: let them, then, (YASTAJIB) respond unto Me, and (YU’-MINUU- BI) believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  50. 50. “Call unto your Sustainer humbly (TADWARU’), and (KHUF-YATAN) in the secrecy of your hearts. Verily, He loves not those who transgress the bounds of what is right: hence, do not spread corruption on earth after it has been so well ordered. And call unto Him with fear (KHAUF) and (TOMA-’A) longing: verily, Allah’s grace is ever near unto the doers of good!” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 54-55)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  52. 52. • Preferably during auspicious occasions (according to As-Sunnah) like days of Hajj – Tawaf, Sa-’ie, ‘Arafah, Mudzdalifah, Mina etc; month of Ramadhan; last third f the night; just before dawn; the whole day of Jumu’ah (Friday); while one is fasting; at times of breaking fast; between Adzan and Iqomah; at midnight; etc. • At times of efficacy for Du’a , viz. In Sujud, last I’tidal, julus before Salaam; when meeting the enemies in Jihad; when it is raining; before and after Swolah; when feeling calm free from satan’s entrapment; when looking upon the Ka’aba in Masjidil- Haram; when completing Qur’an recitation (Khatm-al-Qur’an) ; between dawn and sunrise; etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  53. 53. • Preferably to face the direction (Qiblah). Raising hands with palms facing up to the heaven is Sunnah. • Not to raise our voice too loud nor be too soft or silent. • Not be too poetic or flowery but earnest, forthright and to the point, in what is being requested. Yet we must not forget the proper decorum. Beware of reciting compilation from unknown sources. • The best Du’a in Arabic are those taught by Allah and His Messenger, then by other learned Ulama’ (scholars). Those who are yet to be fluent in Arabic, may use the meanings from these Du’a, translated in his own language. Even when we have yet to learn these, one can make our own Du’a as and when needed and appropriate to the teachings of Islam – in any languages one knows.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  54. 54. • Be in humility (Khushu’) and with sense of distress, imploring and in need (Tadharu’) towards Allah’s Magnificence, Exaltedness, Tremendous Generosity and Compassion. • Strengthen our conviction of Allah’s Generosity and certain of His promise to fulfil all our Du’a with His Wisdom and Mercy. Never hesitate or entertain doubts nor anxiety that one’s Du’a may be rejected. Do not be hasty or be impatient but have complete trust in Allah’s decision. • It is Sunnah to repeat whatever is requested, up to three times. • To begin with Hamdalah and Solawat and to close Du’a with Solawat and Hamdalah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  55. 55. • To repent (make TAUBAH) before making Du’a. • The important factor towards efficacy (ISTAJABA) of our Du’a is very much dependant upon our upholding TAUHEED (avoiding SHIRK), striving towards TAQWA, careful (WARA’) in matters of our food consumption, and upholding the daily obligatory SwOLAH. • Yet, we must always remember that Allah readily respond to Muslims making Du’a for other Muslims in their absence; the Du’a of parents for their children; the Du’a of those who are oppressed or unjustly treated (whether Muslim or non-Muslim); the Du’a of the broken-hearted and those distressed; the Du’a of every leader/ ruler/imam who are just and uphold justice (IMAM- ’AA-DIL); Du’a of a Muslim traveller (MUSAFIR), etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  57. 57. ”All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us!” 57All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  58. 58. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon His household and Companions . 58All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  59. 59. "O our Sustainer! Thou hast not created [aught of] this without meaning and purpose. Limitless art Thou in Thy glory! Keep us safe, then, from suffering through fire! 59All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  60. 60. "O our Sustainer! Whomsoever Thou shalt commit to the fire, him, verily, wilt Thou have brought to disgrace [in this world]; and such evildoers will have none to succour (help) them.” 60All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  61. 61. "O our Sustainer! Behold, we heard a voice call [us] unto faith, `Believe in your Sustainer! - and so we came to believe. O our Sustainer! Forgive us, then, our sins, and efface our bad deeds; and let us die the death of the truly virtuous!” 61All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  62. 62. "And, O our Sustainer, grant us that which Thou hast promised us through Thy apostles, and disgrace us not on Resurrection Day! Verily, Thou never failest to fulfil Thy promise!" 62All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  63. 63. O Allah! We beseech You help to make us to remember and be grateful towards You, and make us serve (worship) You in the best way. 63All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  64. 64. “O my Sustainer (Lord)! ! Inspire me so that I may forever be grateful for those blessings of Thine with which Thou hast graced me and my parents, and that I may do what is right [in a manner] that will please Thee; and include me, by Thy grace, among Thy righteous servants!” (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 19) 64All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  65. 65. 65All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  66. 66. “O my Sustainer (Lord)! Inspire me so that I may forever be grateful for those blessings of Thine with which Thou hast graced me and my parents, and that I may do what is right [in a manner] that will meet with Thy goodly acceptance; and grant me righteousness in my offspring [as well]. Verily, unto Thee have I turned in repentance: for, verily, I am of those who have surrendered themselves unto Thee!”” (Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 15) 66All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  67. 67. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful. (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128) 67All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  68. 68. “Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes, and cause us to be foremost amongst those who are conscious of Thee! (as ‘mut-taqqin’).” (Qur’an : al-Furqan: 25: 74) 68All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  69. 69. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith." (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250) 69All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  70. 70. “Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” (Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8) 70All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  71. 71. 71All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  72. 72. “Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us : Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, And grant us forgiveness, Have Mercy on us. You are our protector : Help us against the unbelievers.” (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 286) 72All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  73. 73. "Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!" (Qur’an : al-Baqarah: 2 : 201) 73All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  74. 74. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” 74All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  75. 75. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . 75All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  76. 76. ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) 76All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  77. 77. “Grant us (these our supplication), by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!” 77All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  78. 78. All welcome to visit my web-blog: • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 78All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)

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