[Slideshare] adab-lesson#10f-(istighfar)-4-aril-2012

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LESSONS ON ISLAMIC
CONCEPT OF ADAB
By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

ADAB TOWARDS
اَاللهُ سُبْحَان هُوَ تَعَالَى
ALLAH THE
MOST GLORIOUS
MOST EXALTED

ISTIGHFAR

SEEKING FORGIVENESS
FROM ALLLAH

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[Slideshare] adab-lesson#10f-(istighfar)-4-aril-2012

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH ( 4 April 2012 ) LESSON# 10f Every Wednesday night @ 8pm MOST COMPASSIONATE MOST MERCIFUL. Wisma Indah 450 Changi Rd,#02-00 (Next to Masjid Kassim), LESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail CONTINUATION OF THE 2ND RUN MODULE PART 2 Arabic (plural) of Adab : meanings – “good breeding, decency, nurture, good manners, refinement, cultured, decorum, courteous, etiquette, propriety, social grace, to educate, discipline, the humanities, etc.” sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice Insha’Allah -This is a follow-up course, after completion of 18 weeks course on the kitab “Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum ” of Sheikh Tajuddin Nu’man ZarnujiAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 1
  2. 2. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON By retracing our life, we start with understanding our basic nature as a human being - having inherent powers and their potentialities to be developed.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  3. 3. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON In our relationship regarding our Education – we are to encounter, i.e. assisted by our educators - with what is referred to as, “knowledge”.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  5. 5. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  6. 6. NAFS al-AMMARAH AD-DEENUL-ISLAM (Commanding self) Link to various TIME Quwwah (powers): [1] shahwiyya (desires) [2] ghadabiyya BODY (anger) SELF HEART [3] Wahmiyah (imaginative) TONGUE [4] ‘aqliyya DESIRE (thoughts) MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  7. 7. ALLAH RASULULLAH AL-QUR’AN HEREAFTER AS-SUNNAH TIME BODY SELF HEART TONGUE DESIRE MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  8. 8. RASULULLAH HEREAFTER ALLAH AL-QUR’AN AS-SUNNAH TIME BODY SELF HEART TONGUE DESIRE MIND Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  9. 9. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  10. 10. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  11. 11. IIMAN ‘AMAL • IHSAN [Islam] Belief Submission Best or Faith Obedience Righteous Conviction Practice Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  12. 12. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON II-MANAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  13. 13. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON SIL-MI - KAAFAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  14. 14. [1] TONGUE [2] HEARING [3] SIGHT [4] HANDS [5] LEGS [6] STOMACH [7] PRIVATE PARTSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  15. 15. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON AL-IHSANAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  16. 16. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON DZIKRAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  17. 17. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON SHAKURAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  18. 18. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON KHAUFAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  19. 19. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON KHASHI-YAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  20. 20. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON RA-JAAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  21. 21. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON TAWAA-DHU’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  22. 22. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON HAYAA’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  23. 23. RECAP PREVIOUS LESSON TAU-BAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  24. 24. TO PROCEED ISTIGHFARAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  25. 25. • After TAUBAT (Repentance), our Adab towards Allah is ISTIGHFAR (Seeking the forgiveness of Allah). • This reminds us that seeking Allah’s forgiveness must constantly be done – not occasionally. Those who strive for TAQWA must become aware of his own shortcomings, ever aware of the deception by our NAFS (Self) and of mankind’s avowed enemy, satan. • The SUNNAH already include the ISTIGHFAR to be invoked in many instances in our daily life. • With ISTIGHFAR, we seek to eradicate our arrogance, obstinacy and conceit, for it requires introspection of our own Self and depth of all our inner-secrets.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  26. 26. N M RI E)) TA RCIS XE (E • Get into groupings (not more than 8) and do a brief self-introduction to each other in this new group. • Reflect our daily life as Muslims, the number of “Can I get to know times (as well as the occasions, circumstances, you ? What have we learnt?” place, etc) where ISTIGHFAR is recited. • It would even be better if you can quote the actual SUNNAH recitations, which has ISTIGHFAR. HALAQAH You are given only 30 minutes to complete this assignmentAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  27. 27. “(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are those who revive my Sunnah and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” (Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w.)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  28. 28. • Anytime throughout the day and night. • When we commit sins or mistakes. • When in MAJLIS, before leaving. • During SAHUR time. • Before going to sleep. • When exiting the toilet.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  29. 29. • At the beginning or in the middle of doing WUDHU’ . • In the DU’A after ablution (WUDHU’). • When the sun is setting. • In the Dzikr when entering and exiting the MASJID (mosque)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  30. 30. • In one of IFTITAH DU’A at beginning of SWOLAH. • One of recitations, while in RUKU’. • One of recitations, while in SUJUD. • In DU’A recitation, while sitting between the two SAJDAH. • DU’A recitation, while sitting after TASHAHHUD before SALAM. • Immediately after ending the SWOLAH with SALAM. • In daily AWRAD which include DU’A seeking forgiveness for our parents, teachers, family and all believers.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  31. 31. • One of the recitation in JANAZAH SWOLAH, for oneself as well as for the deceased. Including the DU’A after the burial and gravesite. • When meeting acquaintance, to ask each to make ISTIGHFAR (seek Allah’s forgiveness) for one another. • During the eclipse. • While in as well as at end of sermon (KHUTBAH) or lecture. • Whenever feeling sad or depress. • When supplicating for rain.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  32. 32. Defined as : “To submit with humility, one’s self, heart and thoughts towards Allah while seeking His forgiveness for one’s sins and error.” Therefore it is not merely the verbalizing of the Arabic phrase: But must be accompanied with awareness, the sincere and honest admission accompanied with remorse, shame and regret for the wrong done; having the fear of Allah’s punishment but tampered with Hope of His Mercy and promise of forgiveness. It is linked to our knowledge (‘ILM) as well as Faith (IIMAN).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  33. 33. The two (Adam and Hawa) replied: "O our Sustainer! We have sinned against ourselves -and unless Thou grant us forgiveness and bestow Thy mercy upon us, we shall most certainly be lost!“ (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 23)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  35. 35. “Verily, when a believer commits a sin, a dark spot will begin to stain his heart. And when he repents, and ceases from committing it, and seek forgiveness, then his heart will be cleanse from the black stain. But if he increases in sinning, then so will the black stain increases, until it covers his entire heart. This then is the ‘corrosion’ which Allah reminded in His Book: “Nay, but their hearts are corroded (Q: 83: 14)” (Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah and Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  36. 36. Say [O Prophet]: "If you love Allah, follow me, [and] Allah will love you and (YAGHFIRU) forgive you your sins; for Allah is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.“ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 31)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  37. 37. “Hence, remain thou patient in adversity - for, verily, Allah’s promise always comes true - and (ISTIGHFAR) ask forgiveness for thy sins, and extol thy Sustainer’s glory and praise by night and by day.” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 55)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  39. 39. Say: "Shall I tell you of better things than those [earthly joys]? For those having the TAQWA (consciousness and fear Allah’s wrath) there are, with their Sustainer, gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide, and spouses pure, and Allahs goodly acceptance." And Allah sees all that is in [the hearts of] His servants” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 15)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  41. 41. Those who say, "O our Sustainer! Behold, we believe [in Thee]; forgive us, then, our sins, and keep us safe from suffering through the fire" -: those who are patient in adversity, and true to their word, and truly devout, and who spend [in Allahs way], and pray for forgiveness from their innermost hearts.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 16-17)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  43. 43. "O our Sustainer! Thou hast not created [aught of] this without meaning and purpose. Limitless art Thou in Thy glory! Keep us safe, then, from suffering through fire! "O our Sustainer! Whomsoever Thou shalt commit to the fire, him, verily, wilt Thou have brought to disgrace [in this world]; and such evildoers will have none to succour them. “ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 191-192)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  45. 45. "O our Sustainer! Behold, we heard a voice call [us] unto faith, `Believe in your Sustainer! - and so we came to believe. O our Sustainer! Forgive us, then, our sins, and efface our bad deeds; and let us die the death of the truly virtuous! “ And, O our Sustainer, grant us that which Thou hast promised us through Thy messengers, and disgrace us not on Resurrection Day! Verily, Thou never failest to fulfil Thy promise!"” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 193-194)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  47. 47. "Partake of the good things which We have provided for you as sustenance, but do not transgress therein the bounds of equity lest My condemnation fall upon you: for, he upon whom My condemnation falls has indeed thrown himself into utter ruin! Yet withal, behold, I forgive all sins unto any who repents and attains to faith and does righteous deeds, and thereafter keeps to the right path.” (Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 81-82)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  48. 48. Allahumma inni Asaluka ya Allahu bi an-nakal Waa-hidul - Ahadus-Swo-madul-ladzi, lam ya-lid wa lam yuu-lad, wa lam yakullahu kufuwan Ahad, an tagh-fi-ra-li dzu-nuu-bi – in-naka antal-gha-fuur-rur- RahimAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  49. 49. O Allah! I ask You, O Allah, You are ‘the One, the Only, the Absolute and Eternal (Self Sufficient Master), Who does not beget nor was begotten and none is equal to Him’ Forgive me my sins, surely you are Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud, an Nasai, ibn Majah, Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  50. 50. Allahummaj- ‘al-nee minal-ladzii-na – idzaa – Ah-sanus–tab-sharu wa – idzaa – asa -’us – tagh-faruu O Allah! make me among those who, when they commit an act of virtue, rejoice; and when they commit a mistake, seek forgiveness (Hadith reported by Ibn Majah)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  52. 52. “Ask your Sustainer to forgive you your sins, and then turn towards Him in repentance - [whereupon] He will grant you a goodly enjoyment of life [in this world] until a term set [by Him is fulfilled]; and [in the life to come] He will bestow upon everyone possessed of merit [a full reward for] his merit. But if you turn away, then, verily, I dread for you the suffering [which is bound to befall you] on that awesome Day.” (Qur’an: Hud: 11: 3)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  53. 53. “Whoever invoke much ISTIGHFAR (seeking from Allah, forgiveness) , Allah will grant him relief from every difficulty, expand for him every constrained, and provide RIZQ (means of livelihood) from unexpected sources.” (Hadith reported by Abu Daud)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  54. 54. “Verily Allah will raise the ranks of His servant to a high degree in Paradise that he will ask from Allah, ‘O Lord, from where (how) was I given this?. Then Allah will say: This rank (is given) due to ISTIGHFAR -the seeking of forgiveness made for you by your children.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  55. 55. AS-TAGH- - FIRUL – LAA - HAL – A-ZEEM, AL – LA-DZII LAA – ILAA-HA – IL-LA – HU - WAL - HAI-YUL QAI – YUU –M – WA-TUU-BUU - ILAYH “I seek the forgiveness of Allah, the Most Esteemed, Whom there is no god except Him, He is the Ever-Living, the Self-subsisting, and to Him I turn in repentance,”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  56. 56. RAB-BIGH-FIR - LEE – WATUB – ‘ALAY, IN-NAKA – AN-TAT - TAW-WAA-BUL- GHA-FOOR “O my Lord, forgive me and turn towards me (to accept my repentance). Verily You are The Oft-Returning. The Oft-Forgiving.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  58. 58. “O Allah, I have committed much sins against You, and (as well as) against them who are Your creations. Therefore as to the sins committed towards You I beg Forgiveness from You; and as to the sins I committed towards Your creations, I beseech You to be my Guarantor on my behalf (against their claims). And enrich me (with merits) from Your Mercy, O (Allah, You are) Most Merciful of those who show Mercy.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  60. 60. “O Allah, You are my Lord, none has the right to be worshipped except You, You created me and I am Your servant and I abide to Your covenant and promise as best I can, I take refuge in You from the evil of which I have committed. I acknowledge Your favor upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except You.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  61. 61. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which destroy the safeguard (Your protection from wrongdoing).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  62. 62. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which bring down (Your) retributions.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  63. 63. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which change Grace (prosperity and happiness into afflictions and sorrows).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  64. 64. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which intercept (restrain) my Du’a (supplication from being answered by You).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  65. 65. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which bring down calamities (afflictions and woes).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  66. 66. O Allah! Forgive me from those sins, which diminish (cut-off) the Hope (for Your Mercy).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  67. 67. O Allah! Forgive me every sins I have committed and every error I have made.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  68. 68. TO BE CONTINUED -All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  69. 69. ”All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us!” 69All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  70. 70. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon His household and Companions . 70All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  71. 71. O Allah! We beseech Your help to make us to remember and be grateful towards You, and make us serve (worship) You in the best way. 71All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  72. 72. “O my Sustainer (Lord)! ! Inspire me so that I may forever be grateful for those blessings of Thine with which Thou hast graced me and my parents, and that I may do what is right [in a manner] that will please Thee; and include me, by Thy grace, among Thy righteous servants!” (Qur’an: Naml: 27: 19) 72All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  73. 73. “Our Lord ! Grant that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes, and cause us to be foremost amongst those who are conscious of Thee! (as ‘mut-taqqin’).” (Qur’an : al-Furqan: 25: 74) 73All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  74. 74. 74All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  75. 75. “Our Lord ! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us : Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, And grant us forgiveness, Have Mercy on us. You are our protector : Help us against the unbelievers.” (Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 286) 75All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  76. 76. "Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!" (Qur’an : al-Baqarah: 2 : 201) 76All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  77. 77. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” 77All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  78. 78. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . 78All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  79. 79. ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182) 79All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  80. 80. “Grant us (these our supplication), by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!” 80All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  81. 81. All welcome to visit my web-blog: • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 81All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)

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