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Istiqomah4b[Slideshare]Amnded

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Istiqomah4b[Slideshare]Amnded

  1. 1. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” Friday night lecture series by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail @ Masjid al- Istiqomah (Serangoon, Singapore) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail #4 – part3
  2. 2. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” <ul><li>Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  3. 3. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” <ul><li>Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam. </li></ul>Topic of discussion ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  4. 4. قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ The Basic Message of Islam: TAWHIID - Attestation to the Oneness of God. LAA-ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAH “ There is no other god except Allah” ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  5. 5. The Basic Message of Islam: TAWHIID - Attestation to the Oneness of God. LAA-ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAH “ There is no other god except Allah” (Who is God?) - Purity of Faith in God: Say: He is Allah, the Absolute One; Allah is He, the Absolute and Eternal (Who is the most besought of all); He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none comparable to Him. ( Qur’an : al-Ikhlas: 112 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  6. 6. Remember ……………. <ul><li>“ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul><ul><li>وَمَن يَبۡتَغِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ دِينً۬ا </li></ul><ul><li>فَلَن يُقۡبَلَ مِنۡهُ </li></ul><ul><li>وَهُوَ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرِينَ </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  7. 7. Remember ……………. <ul><li>“ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul><ul><li>“ For, if one goes in search of a religion other than “al-Islam” (self-surrender to Allah), it will never be accepted from him, and in the life to come he shall be among the lost.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: Aali- ‘Imran : 3:85 ) </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  8. 8. KNOWING OUR HISTORY <ul><li>Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available). </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  9. 9. KNOWING OUR HISTORY <ul><li>Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available). </li></ul><ul><li>It is our regional history that many of us may not even know of. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  10. 10. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ قَوۡلاً۬ مِّمَّن دَعَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  11. 11. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM “ And who could be better of speech than he who calls (fellow men) to Allah, and does what is just and right, and says, ‘Verily, I am of those who have surrendered themselves to Allah (as Muslims).” .” ( Qur’an: Fushilat: 41: 33 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  12. 12. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  13. 13. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  14. 14. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  15. 15. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial. </li></ul><ul><li>Their work is not finished yet and we are their heirs. It is not coincidental that today this region is where the greatest number of Muslims reside. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  16. 16. The beginning ….. <ul><li>Islam, revealed by Allah through various Prophets and culminated with the last of God’s messenger, Prophet Muhammad [peace be upon all of them]. Although the Arabs initially were against it, yet when oppression was removed, the Truth of Islam became manifested and people accepted Islam willingly. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  17. 17. How was Islam spread ….. (it’s simple Truth) لَآ إِكۡرَاهَ فِى ٱلدِّينِ‌ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ ٱلرُّشۡدُ مِنَ ٱلۡغَىِّ‌ۚ “ There shall be no coercion (force) in matters of Faith. Truth (the right way) is distinct from Error.” ( Q : al- Baqarah :2:256 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  18. 18. How was Islam spread ….. (it’s simple Truth) وَلَا تَكۡسِبُ ڪُلُّ نَفۡسٍ إِلَّا عَلَيۡہَا‌ۚ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ۬ وِزۡرَ أُخۡرَىٰ‌ۚ “ And whatever (wrong) any human being commits rests upon himself alone; no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another’s burden.” ( Q : al- An’am : 6 : 164 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  19. 19. How was Islam spread ….. (Dedication of the early Muslims) وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ أُمَّةً۬ وَسَطً۬ا لِّتَڪُونُواْ شُہَدَآءَ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ ٱلرَّسُولُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ شَهِيدً۬ا “ Thus have We made you (Muslims) as a community following a balance way, so that with your lives you can be witnesses unto all nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves ” (Q : al-Baqarah: 2: 143 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  20. 20. How was Islam spread ….. (Dedication of the early Muslims) وَلۡتَكُن مِّنكُمۡ أُمَّةٌ۬ يَدۡعُونَ إِلَى ٱلۡخَيۡرِ وَيَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ‌ۚ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ “ Let there arise out of you (Muslims) a group of people, inviting towards all that is good, commanding what is right and forbidding evil and wrong, they are the ones to attain felicity” ( Q : al-’Imran : 3 : 104 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  21. 21. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>its simplicity and clear teachings; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  22. 22. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>its simplicity and clear teachings; </li></ul><ul><li>through peaceful trade by dedicated Muslim traders and scholars from Arabia, Persia and India; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  23. 23. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>its simplicity and clear teachings; </li></ul><ul><li>through peaceful trade by dedicated Muslim traders and scholars from Arabia, Persia and India; </li></ul><ul><li>early conversion of Pasai, north Sumatra, Patani and Kedah; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  24. 24. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  25. 25. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca; </li></ul><ul><li>acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  26. 26. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca; </li></ul><ul><li>acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler; </li></ul><ul><li>rise of Muslim Sultanate in Java; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  27. 27. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca; </li></ul><ul><li>acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler; </li></ul><ul><li>rise of Muslim Sultanate in Java; </li></ul><ul><li>marriage alliances between rulers ; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  28. 28. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  29. 29. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims; </li></ul><ul><li>establishment of networks of learning centres; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  30. 30. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia ….. <ul><li>tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims; </li></ul><ul><li>establishment of networks of learning centres; </li></ul><ul><li>the work of dedicated Islamic teachers, scholars and philanthropists. Whole community geared for Da’wah to all natives and migrants. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  31. 31. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  32. 32. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire; </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim community and the role of the mosque is inseparable; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  33. 33. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire; </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim community and the role of the mosque is inseparable; </li></ul><ul><li>when British set up trading centre at Singapore river, a mosque (the first mosque) was built at Omar Road (area used to be called “Kampung Melaka”) ; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  34. 34. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>British sided (Tengku Long )Hussain and installed him as Sultan in the feud with his half-brother Abdul Rahman - as to who shall succeed the Riau-Johor Sultanate; </li></ul><ul><li>with the signing of the Anglo-Dutch treaty (1824), Johor and Singapore was politically cut-off from the Riau Sultanate dominion; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  35. 35. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>British then had Sultan Hussain, with agreement of the Temenggong, to cede Singapore to the British; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  36. 36. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>British then had Sultan Hussain, with agreement of the Temenggong, to cede Singapore to the British; </li></ul><ul><li>the British designated for Sultan Hussain Kg. Glam ; and built him a palace including a grant to build a mosque there (Sultan mosque - originally a small one). </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  37. 37. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>A cosmopolitan Muslim community in Kg. Glam grew - comprised of the Malays of various dialect groups (Riau, Javanese, Bugis, Banjar etc.), with the Arabs, Indians, and Chinese etc.. Generally forming something like a Muslim enclave. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  38. 38. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>With combined resources from the Muslim community, a new Sultan mosque was re-built (the present Sultan mosque); </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  39. 39. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>With combined resources from the Muslim community, a new Sultan mosque was re-built (the present Sultan mosque); </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim philanthropists established many learning centres and Islamic schools such as Alsagoff and Aljunied (which are still functioning); </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  40. 40. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>the same pattern was replicated all over Singapore in kampungs or villages; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  41. 41. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>the same pattern was replicated all over Singapore in kampungs or villages; </li></ul><ul><li>the Temenggong and his men later were moved to Telok Blangah area; on which site still stands a mosque and royal tomb & cemetery. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  42. 42. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>with the British approval, the descendant of this Temenggong was installed as the Sultan of Johor and its realm South of Muar except Singapore (although they still own land and a mosque in Telok Blangah Singapore till today); </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  43. 43. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>Freedom to apply Muslims’ own personal religious laws recognized since British time - leading to the present AMLA (Administration of Muslim Law Act) in our statutes: </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  44. 44. Islam in Singapore ….. <ul><li>Freedom to apply Muslims’ own personal religious laws recognized since British time - leading to the present AMLA (Administration of Muslim Law Act) in our statutes: </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic religious council established; </li></ul><ul><li>ROMM & Syari’ah court for Muslims; </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

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