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Hujurat 49-12(lesson)

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Hujurat 49-12(lesson)

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ ILM -AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) EXCERPTS FROM : IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. UNDERSTANDING QUR’ANIC MESSAGE
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  3. 3. “ O you who have attained to faith! Avoid ( DZONN ) most guesswork [about one another] for, behold, some of [such] guesswork is [in itself] a sin; and do not spy ( TAJAS-SASU ) upon one another, and neither allow your­selves to speak ill of one another behind your backs ( GHIBAH ). Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would loathe it! And be conscious of Allah. Verily, Allah is an accep­tor of repentance, a dispenser of grace!” ( Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 12 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  5. 5. <ul><li>Personal inner purity demands that our thoughts and opinion of others are never allowed to be clouded, such that it may become corrupted by insinuations, conjectures or unsubstantiated reports from other sources. </li></ul><ul><li>But our Nafs (self) tends to develop certain inclinations towards wanting to judge others especially when we are infected by self-conceit and arrogance. Thus, the commandment to avoid suspicion aims at preventing defilement of that innocence towards others already present in us. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  6. 6. <ul><li>Observe the child, and we would marvel at how pure are their regard towards others. Yet, as we grow, we become more self-aware and our personality develops complexity. </li></ul><ul><li>We adopt traits which sullied that child-like innocence and we regard this neutrality (not harbouring any suspicion of others) not as innocence, but being a ‘naïveté.’ This is further compounded by other social influences that may encourage distrust (of various degrees) towards others, as well as our inner shortcomings of selfishness, conceit and arrogance which relish at looking down upon others. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  7. 7. <ul><li>These propensity, if not managed would propel us towards inquisitiveness that tantamount to sinning against others. To be cautious is not justification to prejudge others negatively. </li></ul><ul><li>When such inquisitiveness is not checked and tampered with justice for others – in that their honour must also be safeguarded – we may be tempted to encroach into their privacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Prophet s.a.a.w. warns us against infringing the personal rights of others, and must be cautious even in our assumptions that negates the honour of others without clear evidence. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ The blood of a Muslim, his property and honour are sacred and inviolable (haram) for another Muslim.” ( Hadeeth reported by Muslim )
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Blessed is the one who is busy (addressing) with his own shortcomings (faults) rather than getting involve with (searching for) the shortcomings (faults) of other people.” ( Hadeeth )
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  11. 11. “ DZONN” Having meaning of : “guessing; opinion; assumption; view; supposition; presumption; belief; etc. based upon unverified information , imaginings, news, etc.- yet to be proven.” And in respect towards other people, we are taught to hold to ‘ HUSN-DZONN’ – “good or favourable opinion; innocence; etc.” and must avoid having ‘ SUU-U-DZONN’ – “low or bad or holding ill-opinion of ; distrust; etc.”
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Verily that which is worst than RIBA (usury) is the excesses (in your) actions which tarnish the honour of Muslim without any right (justification). “ [ Hadith reported by Abu Dawud ]
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Blessed is the person who is so worried (busy, preoccupied) about his own ‘UYUUB – ( ‘AIB – the shortcomings, sins and faults) rather than be concern of the ‘UYUUB – (‘ AIB – the shortcomings, sins faults) in other people. “ [ Hadith reported by Abu Dawud ]
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  15. 15. “ Verily, as for those who like [to hear] foul slander spread against [any of] those who have attained to faith grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to come: for Allah knows [the full truth], whereas you know [it] not.” ( Qur’an: Nur: 24: 19 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. “ And do not pursue (be concerned with) that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart -all of them - will be called to account for it [on Judgment Day]!.” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  18. 18. &quot;O You Muslim (who claim yourself as one) with your mouth! But Faith ( iiman ) has not entered your hearts; do not cause annoyance towards other Muslims by making fun of them and searching for their faults . This is because whosoever likes to search for the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah in turn will search out his faults. When Allah searches out someone's faults, He will expose whatever secrets that the person has, even if it were (hidden) in his baggage.&quot; ( Hadeeth reported by Abu Dawud ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Avoid suspicion, for suspicion is the gravest lie in talk and do not be inquisitive about one another and do not spy upon one another and do not feel envy with the other, and harbour no malice, and harbour no aversion and hostility against one another. And be fellow-brothers and servants of Allah. [ Hadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim ]
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) LESSONS FROM SURAH AL-HUJURAT
  21. 21. <ul><li>Another dangerous malady, the outcome of inquisitiveness of others combined with our conceit which tends to rouse us into divulging the faults in others, is the sin of ‘ GHIBAH ’ (backbiting). The Prophet s.a.w. considers this sin to be worst than adultery or imbibing intoxicant because these can be forgiven by Allah s.w.t. repentance whereas with “GHIBBAH” this is insufficient. It requires also the seeking of forgiveness from the one being ‘back-bited’ who may require reinstating his/her honour – before Allah can forgive us this sin. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  22. 22. <ul><li>And Allah s.w.t. likens ‘ GHIBAH ' to eating the flesh of your dead brother/sister, to stress how detestable and abhorrent this sin is, Allah asks: </li></ul>“ Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would loathe it! “ ( Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 12 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  23. 23. <ul><li>Any one who has encountered dead flesh would definitely understand how detesting to even be near it, let alone consuming it!? </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, many people may not be aware that what may be doing is actually ‘ GHIBAH '. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus we need to remove any ambiguity and learn the actual meaning of ‘ GHIBAH ' (backbiting). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Do you know what is GHIBAH (backbiting)?” The said: “Allah and His Messenger knows!!” He then said: “ Your mentioning your brother with something about him that he dislikes [being spoken about].&quot; Someone then asked, &quot;How about if my brother possesses that [characteristic which I am mentioning]?&quot; He replied, &quot;If he possesses that which you mention, then you have [indeed] backbitten him. And, if he does not possess that which you say of him, then you have slandered him.&quot; [Hadith reported by Muslim and Ahmad ]
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Never will enter Paradise those who spread slander. “ [ Hadith reported by Bukhary ]
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Should I not inform you as to who is the most evil person? “They replied: “Certainly (do tell) .“ The Prophet s.a.w. then said: “It is those who convey slanderous tales to severe the loving relationship between people, and who falsely accuse others with faults.” [ Hadith reported in Sharah Ihya 7: 562 ]
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Verily the person whom I love most amongst you is he who has the good disposition (akhlaq) – which people around him feel safe from and who is easy to get along with. Whereas the person I am hateful to is he who likes to spread slander, who destroys love (friendship-brotherhood) and who likes to reveal the shortcomings of others.” [ Hadith reported by Tabarany)
  30. 30. [a] Injustice . One who has suffered injustice is entitled to mention the perpetrator of that injustice to someone who is capable of restoring his rights to him, such as a legitimate Muslim ruler or judge or police or the relevant authority - but not just anyone. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Allah does not like any evil to be mentioned openly, unless it be by him who has been wronged (thereby) And Allah is indeed all-hearing, all-knowing,” ( Qur’an: an-Nisa’: 4: 148 )
  31. 31. [a] Injustice . One who has suffered injustice is entitled to mention the perpetrator of that injustice to someone who is capable of restoring his rights to him, such as a legitimate Muslim ruler or judge or police or the relevant authority - but not just anyone. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ Verily, those with rights, has the say.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim )
  32. 32. [b] Seeking help to change an evil , or to reform the wrongdoer, e.g. discussion with peers or those who can counsel and advise him to change. If the intention in telling the ‘ GHIBAH ’ is not to change the wrong but out of malice or vengeance, or merely for fun etc. then it is forbidden to relate it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  33. 33. [c] Asking for a fatwa from qualified religious scholar . A person may say, 'My father/brother/wife has done such-and-such to me. What can I do about it? This is similar to No.[b]. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  34. 34. [d] Warning , such as warning a prospective buyer that the merchant is a swindler, or warning a student that his prospective teacher is an innovator or a deviant. Also, revealing the faults of weak narrators and forgers of HADITH , and giving someone a candid appraisal of a person whom the former is thinking of marrying. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  35. 35. [e] If someone is commonly known by a nickname which he do not object to being called by it, although if there is some alternative way to refer to him, it is preferable rather than nickname. When the nickname signify evil or bad, avoid using it, even if he do not object to people using it. This is to honour him and perhaps may serve as lesson to him to not continue to demean himself. [f] Someone who sins openly , and has no qualms about his sins being known or mentioned i.e. blatant disregard. However, it is not permissible to mention any of his secret sins (those not committed openly). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  37. 37. ‘ And (may All a h send) salutations and prayers upon Mu h ammad and upon the household and companions of Mu h ammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  38. 38. “ Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  39. 39. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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