Brief history of singapore

7,806 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Sports
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,806
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,147
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
99
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Brief history of singapore

  1. 1. IN TTHHEE NNAAMMEE OOFF AALLLLAAHH,, Extracted topic delivered in one lesson from: MMOOSSTT CCOOMMPPAASSSSIIOONNAATTEE,, MMOOSSTT MMEERRCCIIFFUULL.. ““IINNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN TTOO TTHHEE SSTTUUDDYY OOFF All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) FFIIQQHH ”” IInntteerrmmeeddiiaattee LLeevveell IIssllaammiicc ccoouurrssee iinn EEnngglliisshh ffoorr AAdduullttss ccoonndduucctteedd bbyy UUssttaazz ZZhhuullkkeefflleeee HHjj IIssmmaaiill
  2. 2. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) SSIINNGGAAPPUURRAA
  3. 3. Historically, Temasik belonged as part of the ancient Malay kingdom of Langkasuka-Pattani which referred to as as “Hujung Tanah” (Tip of the hinterland, Peninsula) or “Pulo Ujung” (island at the tip). It was already known for its strategic position and was prized by subsequent power of the Siamese, Srivijaya, Majapahit and the Malaka Sultanate – long before the coming of the Western imperialists. It was renamed SSiinnggaappuurraa bbyy aa pprriinnccee SSAANNGG NNIILLAA UUTTAAMMAA ((SSrrii MMaahhaarraajjaa SSaanngg NNiillaa UUttaammaa PPaarraammeesswwaarraa BBaattaarraa SSrrii TTrrii BBuuaannaa)) ffrroomm PPaalleemmbbaanngg ffrroomm tthhee wwaanniinngg SSRRIIVVIIJJAAYYAA eemmppiirree.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  4. 4. There were several Maharajah(kings) tthhaatt rruulleedd SSiinnggaappuurraa -- rreeffeerreennccee ""SSeejjaarraahh RRaajjaa--rraajjaa MMeellaayyuu SSiinnggaappuurraa"" ((bbyy HHaajjii AAggooeess SSaalliimm)) ((11)) SSaanngg NNiillaa UUttaammaa aa..kk..aa.. SSrrii MMaahhaarraajjaa SSaanngg NNiillaa UUttaammaa PPaarraammeesswwaarraa BBaattaarraa SSrrii TTrrii BBuuaannaa (( 11229999--11334477 MM)) ((22)) RRaajjaa KKeecciill BBeessaarr aa..kk..aa,, PPaadduukkaa SSeerrii PPiikkrraammaa WWiirraa ((11334477--11336622 MM)) ((33)) RRaajjaa MMuuddaa aa..kk..aa.. SSeerrii RRaannaa WWiirraa KKeerrmmaa ((11336622--11337755 MM)) ((44)) DDaassiiaa RRaajjaa aa..kk..aa.. PPaadduukkaa SSeerrii MMaahhaarraajjaa ((11337755--11338888 MM)) ((55)) PPaadduukkaa SSrrii MMaahhaarraajjaa PPaarraammeesswwaarraa aa..kk..aa.. RRaajjaa IIsskkaannddaarr SShhaahh ((11338888-- 11339911 MM)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  5. 5. It was this last king of Singapura that fflleedd tthhee iissllaanndd ffoorr MMUUAARR,, jjuusstt bbeeffoorree tthhee MMAAJJAAPPAAHHIITT uunnddeerr PPAATTIIHH GGAAJJAAHH MMAADDAA,, ccaammee ttoo aattttaacckk iitt.. TThhiiss llaasstt kkiinngg,, wwaass tthhee PPAARRAAMMEESSWWAARRAA wwhhoo ffoouunnddeedd MMAALLAAKKAA .. HHee llaatteerr eemmbbrraacceedd IIssllaamm aanndd tthhiiss SSuullttaannaattee bbeeccaammee ddoommiinnaanntt wwiitthh tthhee pprrootteeccttiioonn ooff tthhee CChhiinneessee EEmmppeerroorr ffrroomm tthhee tthhrreeaatt ooff SSIIAAMMEESSEE iinnvvaassiioonn.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  6. 6. WWhheenn MMAALLAAKKAA ffeellll ttoo tthhee PPoorrttuugguueessee iinn 11551111CCEE,, tthhee llaasstt SSuullttaann ooff MMAALLAAKKAA rreettrreeaatteedd ttoo JJOOHHOORR LLAAMMAA ((KKoottaa TTiinnggggii)) aanndd ssttaarrtteedd tthhee JJOOHHOORR-- RRIIAAUU--LLIINNGGGGAA eemmppiirree.. SSiinnggaappuurraa wwaass aallrreeaaddyy aann iimmppoorrttaanntt ttrraaddiinngg ppoorrtt ffoorr tthhiiss kkiinnggddoomm wwiitthh tthhee SSuullttaann’’ss SSHHAAHHBBAANNDDAARR ((HHaarrbboouurr MMaasstteerr ttoo ccoolllleecctt ttaaxxeess ffrroomm sshhiippss ttrraaddiinngg iinn tthhiiss rreeggiioonn)) ssttaattiioonneedd aatt TTaannjjuunngg RRhhuu ((aaccccoorrddiinngg ttoo aa PPoorrttuugguueessee mmaapp –– rreeff:: EEmmeerriittuuss PPrrooff.. KKhhoooo KKaayy KKiimm)).. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  7. 7. This Melaka Sultanate which had relocated in Johore LLaammaa ccoonnttiinnuueedd uunnttiill iittss llaasstt SSuullttaann MMaahhmmuudd wwaass aassssaassssiinnaatteedd iinn KKoottaa TTiinnggggii.. HHee ddiieedd lleeaavviinngg nnoo hheeiirr ttoo ccoonnttiinnuuee tthhee lliinnee.. WWiitthh ccoonnssuullttaattiioonnss aammoonngg tthhee OORRAANNGG BBEESSAARR,, eessppeecciiaallllyy tthhee TTeemmeennggggoonngg ooff MMuuaarr wwhhoo wwaass tthhee llaattee SSuullttaann’’ss uunnccllee,, tthheeyy cchhoossee BBeennddaahhaarraa AAbbdduull JJaalliill ooff PPaahhaanngg ttoo ssuucccceeeedd aass tthhee nneeww SSuullttaann ooff JJOOHHOORR-- RRIIAAUU--LLIINNGGGGAA,, wwhhiillsstt tthhee kkiinnggddoomm wweerree ddeecceennttrraalliizzeedd ttoo bbee aaddmmiinniisstteerreedd uunnddeerr ffiieeffddoomm ooff tthhee RRAAJJAA TTEEMMEENNGGGGOONNGG ooff MMuuaarr,, TTEEMMEENNGGGGOONNGG ooff JJoohhoorr bbaasseedd iinn SSiinnggaappoorree,, aanndd tthhee YYAAMM TTUUAANN MMUUDDAA oovveerrsseeeeiinngg RRiiaauu.. TThhiiss wwaass sshhoorrtt--lliivveedd wwhheenn RRAAJJAA KKEECCHHIIKK ffrroomm SSuummaattrraa iinnvvaaddeedd ttoo ccllaaiimm tthhee tthhrroonnee aafftteerr ddeeppoossiinngg tthhee SSuullttaann AAbbdduull JJaalliill,, wwhhoo wwaass llaatteerr aassssaassssiinnaatteedd iinn PPaahhaanngg.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  8. 8. TThhee rroollee ooff tthhee BBuuggiiss pprriinncceess aanndd tthheeiirr iinnfflluueennccee uuppoonn tthhee MMaallaayy SSuullttaannaatteess mmuusstt bbee nnootteedd.. WWiitthh tthheeiirr hheellpp,, tthhee SSuullttaannaattee ooff JJOOHHOORR--RRIIAAUU-- LLIINNGGGGAA wwaass rreessttoorreedd bbaacckk ttoo tthhee BBeennddaahhaarraa AAbbdduull JJaalliill’’ss lliinnee.. SSiinnccee tthheenn,, rreellaattiivvee ppeeaaccee wwaass rreessttoorreedd aanndd iinn tthhee RRIIAAUU iissllaanndd uunnddeerr tthhiiss SSuullttaannaattee,, ssppeecciiffiiccaallllyy iinn BBIINNTTAANN--PPEENNYYEENNGGAATT,, iitt bbeeccaammee oonnee ooff tthhee cceennttrree ooff IIssllaammiicc lleeaarrnniinngg aanndd MMaallaayy lliitteerraarryy wwoorrkkss,, wwhhiicchh ggrreeww iinn iimmppoorrttaannccee.. AAss hhaass bbeeeenn eexxppllaaiinneedd,, IIssllaammiicc sscchhoollaarrss ooff tthhee NNUUSSAANNTTAARRAA wwaass ffrreeeellyy eennggaaggeedd iinn sspprreeaaddiinngg IIssllaamm tthhrroouugghhoouutt tthhee rreesstt ooff tthhee aarrcchhiippeellaaggoo.. AAlllliiaanncceess ffoorrggeedd bbyy MMuusslliimm pprriinncceess wwiitthh ootthheerr rreeggiioonnaall cchhiieeffttaaiinnss,, eexxppaannddeedd tthheeiirr sspphheerree ooff iinnfflluueennccee,, aass wweellll aass ffoorr IIssllaammiicc DDaa’’wwaahh.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  9. 9. Thus it was, that with the coming of the Western imperialist, tthhee sspprreeaadd ooff IIssllaamm ttoo oouutteerr ppaarrttss rreecceeiivveedd ttrreemmeennddoouuss iimmppeettuuss –– iinnttoo tthhee NNAATTUUNNAASS,, BBRRUUNNEEII,, SSUULLUU,, ZZAAMMBBOOAANNGGAA,, MMAAKKAASSSSAARR,, eettcc.. SSttaammffoorrdd RRaafffflleess wwhhoo hhaadd ddeeeepp kknnoowwlleeddggee ooff JJAAVVAA aanndd tthhee NNUUSSAANNTTAARRAA,, hhaadd bbeeeenn kkeeeenn ttoo ccoolloonniissee SSiinnggaappoorree ffoorr tthhee BBrriittiisshh eemmppiirree.. HHiiss ooppppoorrttuunniittyy ccaammee wwhheenn tthhee llaasstt SSuullttaann MMaahhmmuudd ooff tthhee BBeennddaahhaarraa AAbbdduull JJaalliill’’ss DDyynnaassttyy wwhhiicchh aasscceennddeedd tthhee JJoohhoorr--RRiiaauu--LLiinnggggaa SSuullttaannaattee bbaasseedd iinn PPaahhaanngg aanndd llaatteerr iinn LLiinnggggaa,, ddiieedd.. TThhiiss llaasstt SSuullttaann ddiieedd lleefftt tthhee tthhrroonnee ttoo ddiissppuutteedd bbyy ttwwoo ooff hhiiss ssoonnss:: TTEENNGGKKUU LLOONNGG ((HHUUSSSSAAIINN)) aanndd yyoouunnggeerr bbrrootthheerr TTEENNGGKKUU AABBDDUULL RRAAHHMMAANN wwhhoo wwaass mmuucchh ffaavvoouurreedd bbyy ccoouurrttiieerrss hhoollddiinngg tthhee ““RRooyyaall RReeggaalliiaa”” iinn BBIINNTTAANN.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  10. 10. IInn 11881199 RRaafffflleess bbrroouugghhtt TTEENNGGKKUU HHUUSSSSAAIINN wwiitthh tthhee TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG ((tthhee CChhiieeffttaaiinn ggoovveerrnniinngg SSiinnggaappuurraa ffoorr tthhee SSuullttaann)),, ttoo hhaavvee hhiimm iinnssttaalllleedd aass SSuullttaann ooff SSiinnggaappoorree,, aalltthhoouugghh hhee wwaass nneevveerr rreeggaarrddeedd aass ssuucccceessssoorr ooff tthhee JJOOHHOORR--RRIIAAUU--LLIINNGGGGAA SSuullttaannaattee bbaasseedd iinn PPeennyyeennggaatt.. TThhiiss wwaass ssoo tthhaatt aa ttrreeaattyy cceeddiinngg tthhee iissllaanndd ttoo tthhee BBrriittiisshh ccoouulldd bbee ssiiggnneedd aanndd sseeaalleedd.. AAlltthhoouugghh SSuullttaann HHuussssaaiinn wwaass nneevveerr rreeccooggnniisseedd aass ssuucccceessssoorr ttoo tthhee JJOOHHOORR tthhrroonnee,, aanndd hhiiss ccoorroonnaattiioonn wwaass wwiitthhoouutt tthhee iimmppoorrttaanntt cceerreemmoonniiaall ““RRooyyaall RReeggaalliiaa”” ((AAllaatt PPeennoobbaattaann DDii--RRaajjaa)) rreeqquuiirreedd bbyy MMaallaayy ccuussttoomm,, tthhiiss ddiidd nnoott wwoorrrryy tthhee BBrriittiisshh.. EEvveenn tthhee DDuuttcchh hhaadd rreejjeecctteedd wwhhaatt RRaafffflleess hhaadd ddoonnee.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  11. 11. But plan was underway by the British and the Dutch ttoo nneeggoottiiaattee tthhee AANNGGLLOO--DDUUTTCCHH TTRREEAATTYY ((11882244)),, wwhhiicchh iinncclluuddeedd sspplliittttiinngg tthhee rreeggiioonn,, eessppeecciiaallllyy tthhee JJOOHHOORR--RRIIAAUU--LLIINNGGGGAA ddoommiinniioonn bbeettwweeeenn tthheemm.. TThheeyy eexxcchhaannggeedd MMAALLAAKKAA ffoorr BBEENNCCOOOOLLEENN ssoo tthhaatt aa cclleeaarr bboouunnddaarryy ccoouulldd bbee aaggrreeeedd rreeggaarrddiinngg tthheeiirr rreessppeeccttiivvee sspphheerree ooff iinnfflluueennccee iinn ccoolloonniizziinngg tthhee rreeggiioonn –– ttoo tthhee nnoorrtthh bbyy tthhee BBrriittiisshh aanndd tthhee SSoouutthh,, tthhee DDuuttcchh.. TThhuuss tthhee ccoolloonniizzeedd SSiinnggaappoorree wwaass ggiivveenn rreessppiittee.. AAlltthhoouugghh aa SSuullttaann wwaass iinnssttaalllleedd iinn SSiinnggaappoorree,, JJOOHHOORR wwaass ssttiillll lleefftt uunnddeerr tthhee rruullee ooff tthhee TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  12. 12. MAP OF THE OLD JOHOR-RIAU-LINGGA SULTANATE WITH ITS CAPITAL AT KOTA TINGGI Arbitrary line which the Anglo-Dutch Treaty (1824CE) had imposed upon this region. Separating Singapore and Johor from Riau-Lingga in the south with the rest of Indonesia to be dominated by the Dutch East Indies Company. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  13. 13. In installing SSuullttaann HHuussssaaiinn,, RRaafffflleess ddeessiiggnnaatteedd tthhee aarreeaa iinn KKAAMMPPOONNGG GGEELLAAMM ffoorr hhiimm –– ppllaannnniinngg aann eennccllaavvee aallmmoosstt ssiimmiillaarr ttoo tthhee JJAAVVAANNEESSEE KKRRAATTOONN.. WWiitthh aa wwaalllleedd ccoommppoouunndd ((KKOOTTAA)) aanndd IISSTTAANNAA,, aaddjjooiinniinngg sseettttlleemmeenntt lliikkee tthhee KKAAUUMMAANN,, bbuutt mmoossttllyy ppooppuullaatteedd bbyy JJAAVVAANNEESSEE ((tthhuuss iittss ppooppuullaarr nnaammee KKAAMMPPOONNGG JJAAWWAA)),, aa mmoossqquuee eettcc.. llooccaatteedd nneeaarr aann oolldd eexxiissttiinngg MMaallaayy//MMuusslliimm cceemmeetteerryy.. TThhiiss aarreeaa ssoooonn bbeeccaammee aa vviibbrraanntt MMuusslliimm QQuuaarrtteerr,, aa ttrruullyy ccoossmmooppoolliittaann ccoommmmuunniittyy ooff MMuusslliimmss.. HHiiss lliieeuutteennaanntt,, FFAARRQQUUHHAARR,, aallssoo bbrroouugghhtt tthhee MMaallaaccccaann MMaallaayyss wwhhoo aallssoo ssttaarrtteedd aa sseettttlleemmeenntt oonn tthhee bbaannkk ooff SSiinnggaappoorree rriivveerr ((KKAAMMPPUUNNGG MMEELLAAKKAA)),, wwhheerree oonnee ooff tthhee oollddeesstt mmoossqquuee bbuuiilltt bbyy SSYYEEDD ‘‘OOMMAARR BBIINN ‘‘AALLII AALLJJUUNNIIEEDD iinn tthhaatt ppeerriioodd,, nnooww ssttiillll ssttaannddss.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  14. 14. Although installed aass SSuullttaann iinn SSiinnggaappoorree,, TTEENNGGKKUU HHUUSSSSAAIINN hhaadd nnoo ccoonnttrrooll oovveerr tthhee rreesstt ooff tthhee rreeaallmm lleefftt bbyy tthhee llaasstt SSuullttaann MMaahhmmuudd;; aass wweellll hhiiss iinnssttaallllaattiioonn wwaass ooppppoosseedd bbyy tthhee MMaallaayyss iinn BBIINNTTAANN--RRIIAAUU.. TThhee TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG ccoonnttiinnuueedd ttoo lliivvee oonn SSiinnggaappoorree iissllaanndd,, bbuutt dduuee ttoo ffrriiccttiioonn wwiitthh SSuullttaann HHuussssaaiinn,, hhee aanndd hhiiss ffoolllloowweerrss llaatteerr wweerree ddeessiiggnnaatteedd TTEELLOOKK BBEELLAANNGGAA ddiissttrriicctt.. AA mmoossqquuee,, tthhee llaanndd aanndd aa rrooyyaall ffaammiillyy ttoommbb aanndd cceemmeetteerryy ssttiillll eexxiisstt eevveenn ttiillll tthhiiss ddaayy,, bbeelloonnggiinngg ttoo tthhiiss rrooyyaall ffaammiillyy.. TThhee TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG AABBDDUULL RRAAHHMMAANN wwaass lleefftt ttoo ccoonnttiinnuuee ttoo aaddmmiinniisstteerr tthhee rreeaallmm ooff JJOOHHOORREE oonn hhiiss oowwnn,, aalltthhoouugghh ccuutt--ooffff ffrroomm tthhaatt ooff BBIINNTTAANN-- RRIIAAUU.. HHee wwaass ssuucccceeeeddeedd bbyy hhiiss ssoonn,, TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG DDAAIINNGG IIBBRRAAHHIIMM.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  15. 15. HHiiss ssuucccceessssoorr,, WWAANN AABBUU BBAAKKAARR BBIINN TTEEMMEENNGGGGUUNNGG DDAAIINNGG IIBBRRAAHHIIMM,, llaatteerr sshhiifftteedd aanndd bbuuiilltt aa nneeww aaddmmiinniissttrraattiivvee ccaappiittaall aatt TTAANNJJUUNNGG PPUUTTEERRII,, rreennaammeedd JJOOHHOORR BBHHAARRUU.. WWiitthh ppaattrroonnaaggee ffrroomm tthhee tthheenn SSuullttaann AAbbdduull HHaammiidd IIII ooff TTUURRKKEEYY aanndd QQuueeeenn VViiccttoorriiaa ooff BBRRIITTAAIINN,, aanndd bbeeiinngg ccoonnnneecctteedd ttoo tthhee rrooyyaall lliinneeaaggee oonn tthhee BBEENNDDAAHHAARRAA ssiiddee,, hhee llaatteerr pprrooccllaaiimmeedd hhiimmsseellff aass tthhee MMAAHHAARRAAJJAA,, tthheenn SSUULLTTAANN,, ooff tthhee whole JOHORE state. This was after Sultan Ali Iskandar Shah bin Hussain Muazzam Shah failed to gain the recognition from the British, as the legitimate Sultan of JOHORE. Meanwhile Singapore remained as an important colonial capital of the British Straits Settlement. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  17. 17. Generally, Islamic education is singular and comprehensive program, which does not dichotomise the worldly concern from the religious concern of man. It seeks ultimately to developing of a good man, as servant of Allah. Its primary driver – motivation - is “a religious imperative” (obligation), as opposed to the “economic-pragmatic” considerations of today’s education ‘industry ’. The core in Islamic education is the religious sciences (revealed knowledge) termed (‘ulum al-Deeniyat), which sets the whole paradigm and purpose of a Muslims development. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  18. 18. Yet , this core knowledge of the DEEN, requires a Muslim to acquire the other knowledge (‘ulum al-ukhra) of the world and the universe termed (‘ulum al-duniyawiyat). The term “‘‘uukkhhrraawwiiyy ““ has been much misunderstood by Muslims here, and wrongly applied to the knowledge of the DEEN, as though Islam’s concern is only for the other world (Hereafter). Whereas all types of knowledge religious and worldly are intrinsically linked, guided by a divine command to seek every beneficial knowledge (‘ilm an-naa-fi’.) The most importantant categorization pertains to a Muslim’s responsibility (TAKLIF) towards these knowledge. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  19. 19. Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie’s divides it into FARDHU-’AIN Knowledge – knowledge which a Muslim is personally obligated to learn; and FARDHU’ KIFAAYAH knowledge, which is obligatory upon the community to ensure there are sufficient Muslims who possess them. So, every Muslim must be inculcated with FARDHU-’AIN knowledge which is intrinsically linked to knowledge of the religion (‘ULUM-UD-DEEN). This will be quite broad and eclectic, adequately to prepare them their needs. FARDHU ‘AIN knowlledge includes the other (AAKHAR - UKHRA) worldly sciences and skills, in keeping with the current standards and needs in life. Yet, it is always the (DEENIYAT) knowledge and philosophy of Islamic education that determines how a Muslim is to All Rigbhtes Rdeseervveed ©lo Zphuelkedfl.ee Hj Ismail (2011))
  20. 20. The FARDHU KIFAAYAH knowledge, are usually those pertaining to fields of specialization – both worldly and religious sciences . When the colonialists introduced conventional (secular) education, the Muslims regarded this as useful and important for their children, although regarding it still as insufficient ,for they needed to ensure that the children be taught their religion too. Thus the DUALISTIC system of education of the Muslims, one by the national school and the other, their religious instruction. Although the latter has to be provided for by the community itself, the Muslims have never neglected this in every generation. Usually conducted outside their normal school hours, at home, in madrasah, associations or in mosques. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  21. 21. To ensure adequate teachers for this, that was how the traditional FULL-TIME MADRASAH (Islamic religioius schools) begun where intensive study of the religious sciences were conducted for a few cohorts. The number of students is significantly small (cohorts never exceeded 4% of total annual Muslim students), and these MADRASAH were totally independent schools built and funded by endowment established by Muslim philatrophists and supported through donations. Not unlike the Seminary, the full-time MADRASAH has been producing the Islamic religious teachers , scholars, preachers and propagators of Islam for the community. This is in accordance with a command in the Qur’an: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  22. 22. ““Nor should the Believers all go forth together: iiff aa ccoonnttiinnggeenntt ffrroomm eevveerryy eexxppeeddiittiioonn rreemmaaiinneedd bbeehhiinndd,, tthheeyy ccoouulldd ddeevvoottee tthheemmsseellvveess ttoo ssttuuddiieess iinn rreelliiggiioonn aanndd aaddmmoonniisshh tthhee ppeeooppllee wwhheenn tthheeyy rreettuurrnn ttoo tthheemm―― tthhaatt tthhuuss tthheeyy ((mmaayy lleeaarrnn)) ttoo gguuaarrdd tthheemmsseellvveess ((aaggaaiinnsstt eevviill))..”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) ((QQuurr’’aann:: TTaauubbaahh:: 99:: 112222))
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  24. 24. Syeikh Muhammad bin Abdullah As-Suheimi Tuan Guru Wan Abdullah (Trengganu) Kiyai Yunos bin Abdul Majid (Baghdad Street) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  25. 25. Sayyid Abu Bakar Bin Taha As-Saqqaff (First Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) built in 1927
  26. 26. Sayyid Abdullah bin Syeikh bin Muhammad Balfagih (Second Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) built in 1927
  27. 27. PHOTO NOT AVAILABLE Sayyid Muhammad bin Alwi al-Eydrus (Third Mudir Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyyah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) built in 1927
  28. 28. Tuan Imam Hj Yusuf (First Chief Qadhi) Syeikh Hj Abbas bin Taha al-Azhari (Second Chief Qadhi) Tuan Imam Haji Ali bin Muhammad Sa’id (Third Chief Qadhi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  29. 29. Kiyai Abdul Halim bin Karto (Qadhi of Telok Blanga) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  30. 30. Kiyai Ma’rof Tuan Haji Yunus al-Walidi (from Aceh) Kiyai Hamdi (Masjid Kg Wak Tanjung) Kiyai Muhammad Asyik Ustaz Haji Muhammad bin Muhammad Sa’id Semarang. (founder of Madrasatus-Sibyan) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  31. 31. Syeikh Hassan Ahmad (Hassan Bandung) Tuan Guru Hj Abdul Latiff (Melaka) Dr. Burhanuddin al-Helmy All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  32. 32. Habib ‘Alwi bin Tahir al-Haddad (Mufti of Johore) Tuan Hj Sanusi Mahmood (First Mufti of Singapore) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  33. 33. Sheikh Muhammad Fadlullah as-Suhaimi (Mudir Madrasah Alsaqoff al-Arabiyyah) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) built in 1912
  34. 34. Maulana Shah Abdul ‘Aleem as-Siddiqey (Eminent Da-’ie of Islam) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  35. 35. ALL MALAYA MUSLIM MISSIONARY SOCIETY ( JAM’IYYATUD- DA’WAH AL-ISLAMIYAH ) PERGAS Y.W.M.A. (PPIS) MUHAMMADIYYAH HIMPUNAN PERDAUS BELIA ISLAM KUMPULAN SAUDARA BARU (DARUL ARQAM) PERTAPIS PERMUSI (FAMSA) MUHAMMADAN STARLIGHT CLUB BUSTANUL ARIFIN ISLAMIC FELLOWSHIP 4 PM (LITERARY) MAJLIS PUSAT (CULTURAL) LBKM (SCHOLARSHIP) SEKAWAN DESA DDAARRUULL IIHHSSAANN AMP Campus Muslim Societies NUSMS NTUMS SPMS SKML (INDIAN) ‘AIN SOCIETY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) INTER-RELIGIOUS ORGN. PERPENSIS C.C.I.S. R.I.M.A. ANGKATAN ISLAM AL-WEHDAH List is not exhaustive ...
  36. 36. SINCE TO COLONIAL PERIOD, MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARD THE BRITISH HAD ACCOMODATED THE RELIGIOUS NEEDS OF ITS Advising the British ruler SUBJECT. regarding Muslim’s needs BEFORE INDEPENDENCE in their religious matters All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  37. 37. SINCE TO COLONIAL PERIOD, MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARD THE BRITISH HAD ACCOMODATED THE RELIGIOUS NEEDS OF ITS SUBJECT. Advising the British ruler regarding Muslim’s needs in their religious matters AFTER INDEPENDENCE MUSLIM LEADERS SOUGHT PARLIAMENT TO ENACT THE A.M.L.A. A.M.L.A. Administration of Muslim Law Act (1966) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) PPrrooff.. TTaann SSrrii DDaattuukk AAhhmmaadd IIbbrraahhiimm ((SSiinnggaappoorree’’ss FFiirrsstt AAttttoorrnneeyy GGeenneerraall)) MMaaiinn ddrraauugghhttssmmaann ooff tthhee AAcctt IInn ccoonnssuullttaattiioonn wwiitthh tthhee ‘‘UUllaammaa,, CChhiieeff QQaaddhhii,, MMaasshhaayyyyiikkhh,, MMuusslliimm lleeaaddeerrss eettcc..
  38. 38. MUIS Islamic Religious Council AFTER INDEPENDENCE SHARI’AH COURT REGISTRY OF MUSLIM MARRIAGE MUSLIM ADVISORY BOARD Advising the British ruler regarding Muslim’s needs in their religious matters Administering Muslim Family & Personal Law After AMLA this role of advising the government is to be carried out by: PRESIDENT PRESIDENT REGISTRAR MUFTI Representatives from the Muslim community All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) A.M.L.A. Administration of Muslim Law Act (1966)
  39. 39. Ustaz Embok Musa (founder of Madrasah al-Hidayah Lor.21 Geylang Road) Ustaz Hj Daud Ali Kiyai Muhammad Zuhri Mutammim (Founders of PERGAS) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  40. 40. Kiyai Hj Syukor Ustaz Haji Muhammad bin Ra-is (Imam of Masjid Sultan) Ustaz Muhammad bin Diab All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  41. 41. Habib Sayyid Muhammad bin Salim al-Attas (Imam of Ba’Alawi Mosque) Syeikh Umar bin Abdullah al-Khatib All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  42. 42. Ustaz Abdur Rahman bin Harun Ustaz Ya’kob Alias Moulavi M.H. Babu Sahib Moulana Abu Bakar al-Malabari (Imam of Masjid Malabar) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  43. 43. Ustaz Taha bin Fadlullah as-Suheimi Ustaz Mohd Kamil bin Fadlullah as-Suheimi All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  44. 44. Ustaz Haji Abu Bakar Hashim (President Shari’ah court and President PERGAS) Ustaz al-Habib Sayyid ‘Abdillah bin Ahmad al-Jufrie (Mudir Madrasah Al-Juneid and President PERGAS) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  45. 45. Ustaz Syed Abdul Rahman Alkaff Ustaz SyedAhmad bin Muhammad Sumait
  46. 46. Ustaz Amir bin Ra-is Ustaz Muhammad Tarmidzi Haji Ehsan Ustazah Sharifah Badriyah Binte Syed Ali Alsaqoff All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  47. 47. Ustaz Ahmad Sonhadji Muhammad Milatu ( Shuyukh PERGAS) Ustaz Osman Bin Jantan All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  50. 50. Madrasah Islah Islamiyyah Pepys Rd. off Pasir Panjang Rd. Ma’ahadul Irsyad 67-6 Hindhede Rd. Madrasatul Haq Al-Islamiyyah 97-C West Coast Road. Madrasah Addiniyah Al-Islamiyah Kg. Bahru Road. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  51. 51. Madrasah Al-Hidayah Al-Islamiyah 26, Block 24, Tanglin Halt. Madrasah Ar-Ridwan Lot G, Jalan Madrasah Madrasah Khairah Block 60, Canberra Road. Madrasah Attarbiyah Addiniyah 27, Lorong Mekola off Jalan Kayu. Madrasah Al-Islamiyah Sembawang 51, Andrew Avenue. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  52. 52. Madrasah Abu Kassim Lorong Abu Kassim, Pasir Panjang Road. Madrasah Taman Jurong Block 54, 45/47 Yung An Road. Madrasah Asriyah 56, Lorong Melayu. Madrasah Al-Hidayah Lorong 21, Geylang Road. Madrasah Bustanul Arifin Coronation Road. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  53. 53. Madrasah Kampung Paya Goyang Somerset Road. Madrasah Al-Wataniyah Kampung Paya, Jalan Serai. Madrasatus-Sibyan Kg. Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku Aman. Madrasah al-Saedatul Islamiyyah West Coast Rd , 81/4 ms. Madrasatul Islamiyah 2A, Kampung Berih Rd off Chua Chu Kang All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  54. 54. Madrasah Tahdzibiyah Islamiyah 15, Jalan Ulu Seletar, Nee Soon. Madrasah Diniyah Ellis Road. Madrasatul Mabtadi 120, Block 14, Stirling Road. Madrasah Ahmad Yahya Masjid Ahmad, South Buona Vista Madrasah Azamiyah Islamiyah c/o Penjara Changi. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  55. 55. Madrasah Attariah Al-Islamiyah 97A Estate off Jalan Woodbridge Madrasah Tengku Abdul Jalil Kampung Pahang, Pulau Tekong Sekolah Ugama Pulau Seking Pulau Seking. Taman Pendidikan Islam 14, Jalan Kunyit. Sekolah Ugama Radin Mas 47A, Raden Mas, Telok Blanga. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  56. 56. Sekolah Ugama Penjara Singapura 48, Jalan Penjara off Margaret Drive Sekolah Ugama Kampung Bedok 11, Jalan Bilal off Bedok Road. Sekolah Ugama Rakyat Jurong Jalan Majapahit, Upper Jurong Road. Sekolah Ugama Rakyat Naval Base Canada Road, Naval Base, Sembawang. Sekolah Rakyat Islam Jalan Eunos. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  57. 57. Sekolah Ugama Bukit Gombak Lorong 4, Bukit Gombak. Sekolah Ugama Surau Akhyar Lorong Lompang. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) NO MORE IN EXISTENCE
  58. 58. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Madrasah Al-Khairiyah Islamiyyah 152, Still Road.(as part-time) Madrasah Aljunied Al-Islamiyyah 395, Victoria Street. (built in 1927) 30, Victoria Lane (relocated) Madrasah Wak Tanjong 589-D Sims Avenue. (built in 1987) Madrasah Alsagoff Al-Arabiyyah 111, Jalan Sultan. (built in 1912) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  59. 59. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 Madrasah Al-Arabiyyah No 12, Jalan Selamat. Lorong 13 Geylang Road. (relocated) Madrasah Al-Ma’arif No.14, Ipoh Lane. (built 1939) Madrasah Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyah No.6 Hindhede Road No. 9 Winstedt Road Islamic Hub, 277 Braddel Road (relocated) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  60. 60. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 PART-TIME MADRASAH MANAGED BY PERGAS AND OTHER MUSLIM ASSOCIATIONS. PART-TIME MADRASAH IN LOCAL MOSQUES THROUGHOUT SINGAPORE. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  61. 61. STILL EXISTING - AS IN 2011 ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS CLASSES, HALAQAH, CONDUCTED BY INDIVIDUAL TEACHERS. PRIVATE ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL CENTRES. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011))
  62. 62. AAllll wweellccoommee ttoo vviissiitt mmyy wweebb--bblloogg:: http://an-nnaasseeeehhaahh..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////iinnttrroodduuccttiioonnttoottaauuhhiidd..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////ooyyoouubbeelliieevveerrss..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////aall--aammtthhaaaall..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////zzhhuullkkeefflleeee--aarrcchhiivvee..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////ccrriitteerriiaaffoorraahhoollyybbooookk--qquurraann..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp::////wwiitthh--tthhee--ttrruutthhffuull..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// hhttttpp ::////mmuuqqaaddddaamm--nnuurruull..bbllooggssppoott..ccoomm// All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)) 62

×