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  1. 1. PengayaanEpisode 69AnnouncementElliptical Construction 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. The visit to the museum will takeplace on Wednesday, 26th of May. Thebus leaves school at 8.30, and thosewho want to go must be on time. Thevisit will last the whole day, and weexpect to get back at about 6.30 in theevening. 3
  4. 4. At the museum there will be a briefexplanation by the History teacher.This will take about half an hour, andthe teacher will then take the group tosee the museum. All those who wishto go sign beneath. 4
  5. 5. 1. The text above is a kind of … a. advertisement b. brochure c. notice d. warning 5
  6. 6. 2. Where is the destination of the visit? a. School b. Bus c. Museum d. Special building 6
  7. 7. 3. Which statement is incorrect based on the text above? a. The history teacher will accompany the students visiting the museum. b. There is space for the students to sign in below the text above. c. The history teacher will say nothing before they go around the museum. d. The students who want to join the visit must not be late. 7
  8. 8. 4. “The visit will last the whole day”. The underlined word means … a. continue b. happen c. take d. lie 8
  9. 9. EllipticalConstructionUntuk menggabungkan dua kalimatyang memiliki kegiatan yang sama  I get up early every morning.  Mother gets up early every morning. I get up early every morning, and mother does too. 9
  10. 10. Untuk menunjukkan seseorangmelakukan sesuatu dan orang lainberbuat sama Father drives his car carefully, and Mr. Jones does too. 10
  11. 11. Untuk menyetujui pernyataan oranglain dan menyatakan dia berbuat yangsama. A : I have a lot of assignment. I have to finish it soon. What about you? B : I do too. Let’s do it together then. 11
  12. 12. Dalam elliptical contraction kitamenggunakan kata Too (juga) So (begitu juga) Either (juga) Neither (tidak juga) 12
  13. 13. Too dan so digunakan untuk kalimatPositif.  The girls are ready to go, and the boys are too.  The girls are ready to go, and so are the boys. 13
  14. 14. Either dan neither digunakan untukkalimat negatif.  Father doesn’t like drinking coffee, and mother doesn’t either.  Father doesn’t like to drink coffee, and neither does mother. 14
  15. 15. Kalimat yang menggunakanto be (is, am ,are, was, were) I - am /was You, we, they - are/were He, She, it - is /was 15
  16. 16. Positive statement (be) + and + S + be + tooAnita is at home now, and her sister is too. Positive statement (be) + and + so + be + SAnita is at home now, and so is her sister. 16
  17. 17. Negative statement (be)+and+S+be+not+eitherThe box wasn’t heavy, and the suitcasewasn’t either.Negative statement (be) + and + neither + be + SThe box wasn’t heavy, and neither wasthe suitcase. 17
  18. 18. Modal :  Can  May  Must  Will/shall  Could  Would  Should  Might 18
  19. 19. Positive Statement + and + S + modal + too(modal)Rudy can swim well, and Anto can too.Positive statement + and + so + modal + S(modal)Rudy can swim well, and so can Anto. 19
  20. 20. Negative statement+and+S+modal+not+either(modal + not)Annie can’t answer the question, andJulia can’t either.Negative statement + and + neither + modal + S(modal + not)Annie can’t answer the question, andneither can Julia. 20
  21. 21. Kalimat yang menggunakanauxiliary have/hasHave dan has merupakan auxiliarydalam kalimat simple present perfecttense (Subject + have/has +Verb3)Have atau has sebagai auxiliary punyaarti telah.I, you, we, they, the boys haveShe, he, it, Annie has 21
  22. 22. Positive statement +and+S+have/has+too(aux have/has)Mr. Anwar has completed his form, and we havetoo.Positive statement + and + so + have/has + S(aux have/has)Mr. Anwar has completed his form, and so havewe. 22
  23. 23. Neg statement +and+S+have/has not+either(aux have/has)Mr. Anwar has completed his form, and we havetoo.Neg statement + and + either + have/has + S(aux have/has) Mr. Anwar has completed his form, and so have we. 23
  24. 24. Have atau Has  kata kerjaHave atau has yang tidak diikuti verb 3merupakan kata kerja yang berarti“mempunyai”. Bentuk ellipticalcontraction nya menggunakan katabantu do/does. 24
  25. 25. Contoh : Mr. Hardy has a new car, and Mr. Andy does too. We have a lot of friends here, and they do too. 25
  26. 26. Kalimat yang tidak mempunyai be,modal, maupun aux have/hasmembutuhkan kata kerja bantu(do/does, did)Yang menentukan kata kerja dalamkalimat tersebut.  Verb1 (s/es) menggunakan do/does.  Verb 2 menggunakan did. 26
  27. 27. Pos statement + and + S + do/does + too (verb 1 (s/es)Father drinks tea in morning, and motherdoes too. Pos statement + and + so + do/does + S (verb 1 (s/es)Father drinks tea in the morning, and so doesMother. 27
  28. 28. Neg statement +and+S+do/does +not+either (verb 1 (s/es)Dian doesn’t speak Japanese, and I don’teither.Neg statement +and+neither+do/does+S(verb 1 (s/es)Dian doesn’t speak Japanese, and neitherdo I. 28
  29. 29. Pos statement + and + S + did + too (verb 2)Lucy arrived late at class yesterday, andFerry did too.Pos statement + and + so + did + S(verb 2)Lucy arrived late at class yesterday, and sodid Ferry. 29
  30. 30. Neg statement + and + S + did + not+ either(verb 2) I didn’t come to the meeting, and Harry did either.Neg statement + and + neither + did + S(verb 2) I didn’t come to the meeting, and neither did Harry. 30
  31. 31. 1. Dianti : Many people say that Anyer beach is beautiful, but I haven’t been there. Esti : …. What about going there next holiday? Dianti : That’s a good idea. a. I do too. b. I have either. c. Neither have I. d. I don’t either. 31
  32. 32. 2. Dickey : Where does your father work? Jenny : He works in insurance company. Dickey : What about your mother? Jenny : …………They work in the same company. a. She does either. b. So does she. c. She is too. d. Neither does she. 32
  33. 33. 3. Sylvie : We have to ask the first year students to join to our English conversation club? Nuri : But I don’t know them well. Sylvie : … We have to try. a. Neither did I b. I do either c. So do I 33 d. Neither do I
  34. 34. 4. Worker 1 : I was late this morning. Worker 2 : … . No wonder the boss looks so angry today. a. I am too. b. So did I. c. I am either. d. I was too. 34
  35. 35. 5. Sandy : I watched the football match in the stadium yesterday. Ricky : Did you? … It was great! Right! a. I didn’t either. b. So didn’t I. c. I did too. d. Neither did I. 35
  36. 36. 6. Ronny : You’d better have a holiday in the mountain. The weather is fresh. Diana : But I don’t like cold weather, and…my husband. a. so do b. does too c. neither does d. doesn’t either 36
  37. 37. 7. Angie : Can we go out tonight? Mother : No, you can’t, and …your brother. Both of you must study hard for the final examination. a. can’t either b. neither can c. neither can’t d. can either 37
  38. 38. 38