Modernism And The Bauhaus

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AS Photography Lecture

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Modernism And The Bauhaus

  1. 1. Lecture 3: Modernism & The Bauhaus
  2. 2. “ Photography possesses every privilege, every excellence. It is the art of our time and has a duty to make artificial, fabricated things...since it is even less the case than elsewhere that depicting reality says anything worthwhile about reality.” (Bertolt Brecht)
  3. 3. Futurism From 1909 <ul><li>Left: </li></ul><ul><li>Edwaerd Muybridge </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Woman Walking Downstairs’ , </li></ul><ul><li>1880 </li></ul>Left: E.J. Marey ‘ Chronograph of running broad jump’, 1883-5
  4. 4. <ul><li>Above: </li></ul><ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Nude descending the staircase’, 1912 </li></ul>Above: Umberto Boccioni  ‘ Unique Forms of Continuity in Space’., 1913
  5. 5. Vorticism From 1913 <ul><li>Above: </li></ul><ul><li>Alvin Coburn </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Vortograph , 1917 </li></ul>Above: Percy Wyndham Lewis ‘ Workshop’ , 1913
  6. 6. Constructivism From 1916 <ul><li>Above: </li></ul><ul><li>Vladamir Tatlin </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Corner Reliefs’ , 1915 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Below: El Lissitzky, ‘The Constructor’, 1924
  8. 8. <ul><li>Left: </li></ul><ul><li>Moholy Nagy, </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Leda and the Swan’ , 1926 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Above: Marcel Duchamp ‘ Fountain’ 1917 Above: Paul Outerbridge ‘ Ide Collar’ 1922 Dada From 1916
  10. 10. Surrealism <ul><li>Ostranie: Image made strange </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a difference between the ‘everyday’ world and the expected convention of photographic representation. </li></ul>Left: Giorgio de Chirico , ‘ The Disquieting Muses’, 1916
  11. 11. Above: Herbert Bayer ‘ Lonely Metropolitan’, 1932 Above: Man Ray ‘ Violin d’Ingres’, 1924
  12. 12. Above: Salvador Dali ‘Un chien andalou’, 1929
  13. 13. The Bauhaus (meaning “Architecture-House” in German), was a school of Modern Art established by architect Walter Gropius in 1919. It tried to address fundamental concerns about craftsmanship and mass production. The Bauhaus Gropius was interested in a school where the fine arts (painting, sculpture, etc.) was practiced side by side the applied arts (graphic design, product design, architecture, etc.). It attempted to challenge the snobbery of the art world. Photography, being a relatively new medium, was embraced by many established artists such as Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Man Ray . They starting experimenting with it as a new process. Walter Gropius
  14. 14. Laszlo Moholy-Nagy was a Hungarian painter and photographer as well as a professor in the Bauhaus school. He was highly influenced by constructivism . He was a strong advocate of the integration of technology and industry into the arts. Laszlo Moholy-Nagy Moholy-Nagy was interested in how he could use photography to explore the same elements within his paintings, choosing to produce abstract images focusing on space, movement, time and structure. He worked predominately by exposing object and images onto photographic paper, coining the phrase ‘photogram.’ &quot;It is not the person ignorant of writing but the one ignorant of photography who will be the illiterate of the future.&quot;
  15. 15. Kepes Gyorgy Other artists who created photograms Floris Neusuus Megyik Janos Marcelyn Gow Gottfried Jager Man Ray Christian Schad
  16. 16. 1) The architect, Walter Gropius, established the Bauhaus in 1919. What were the main reasons for establishing this school/centre? 2) In your own words, explain some of the techniques used by Lazslo Maholy-Nagy and Man Ray to create their images. How would you describe their work? Revision Questions
  17. 17. Visual Research Assignment 1) Present four pages in your photo diary of images by different artists who created photograms. Remember to write down the name of the artist and title of work (if available). Beneath each photograph, write down 5 words that you associate with the image. 2) Write a 150-words about the Bauhaus and its aims Visual Research Assignment 1) Present four pages in your photo diary of images by different artists who created photograms. Remember to write down the name of the artist and title of work (if available). Beneath each photograph, write down 5 words that you associate with the image. 2) Write a 150-words about the Bauhaus and its aims

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