Site report for Measurement 1


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Site report for Measurement 1

  1. 1. 1 Site Report Measurement 1 (QSB1114) Bachelor of Quantity Surveying Semester 1, March 2013 (Individual Assignment) Yap Zhi Xin (0314542)
  2. 2. 2 Table of Contents CONTENT PAGE 1.Objective--------------------------------------------1 2.Introduction-----------------------------------------2 3.Technical Observation-----------------------------3 4.Photos and Description----------------------------5 5.Conclusion------------------------------------------10
  3. 3. 3 1.Objective The objectives of the site strip of this project are: - To have a better understanding of the basics of the construction process. - To gain more knowledge about the practical aspect of the construction techniques in comparison to the theory aspect in books and its application on the site. - To have an experiment to actual working environment on site including uncertainty circumstances in weather condition. - To have the ability to communicate with the construction team members on site and to see the importance of teamwork in the building team. - To have witness the usage of construction equipment on site including mechanical plants. - Able to explore and identify various types of building materials and technology on site. - To aware about the importance of safety on site and understanding of safety problems and site conditions. - Able to recognize the items measurable for sub-structure and reinforced concrete frame works. - To study a systematic approach to take-off quantities from drawings for the preparation of Bills Quantities for substructure and reinforced concrete frame works. - To demonstrate a systematic and orderly mind and be able to visualize the drawings and details given for substructure and reinforced concrete frame works.
  4. 4. 4 2.Introduction The site visit is held on the Friday of 21th of June 2013. This site trip is organized by our Measurement 1 lecturer, Miss Ang Fuey Lin. The project for this site trip is about a 3 storey high electrical substation construction site which located in PMU Subang Jaya, Town Centre. It is a gas insulator switch gear (GIS) which used for transmission-level voltages which save space with a higher of equipment cost. Based on the project information board outside of the construction site, the owner of this project is Tenaga Nasional Berhad. The architect of this project is SoonChai Architect. The civil, structure and mechanical engineer is J&A Associates Sdn.Bhd. The contractor is KP Synercies Berhad and Transgrid Ventures Sdn Bhd Consortium. The foundation of the building is built using precast 300mm² reinforce concrete pile. The length of this building is 66m, width is 40m and the height is 33m. This substation building is built using conventional method and no Idustrialised Building System (IBS).
  5. 5. 5 3.Technical Observation On the 21st of June, Miss Ang Fuey Lin arranged us to the construction site trip. This site trip is very interesting because this is about a 3 storey electrical substation which I never been before although I visited a few of construction site. There are approximate 50-60 students going to the site trip and it is divided into 2 groups. The first group will be ready in the site around 8.45am and another group is 9.45am. I was distributed in the second group. When I first reach the site, the site personnel, Mr. Peter brief us about the site and safety precautions of site. Not only that, he gives a brief explanation on the project and what is used in the project. The first thing I saw when we walk into the construction site is the bar bending yard. I saw two types of reinforcement bars which is high tensile steel rod and mild yield steel bars are arranged separately according to their types and the diameters. I saw a bar bending machine there which located near the reinforcement bars. After that, I proceed to the carpenter yard. Many timber are placed in the carpenter yard which the formwork are made .Then, I saw some tofu like concrete blocks which are arrange at the side of the construction site. The concrete blocks have been shape and cut into pieces. According to Mr. Peter, this concrete blocks can be known as concrete spacer or concrete cover which give the reinforcement bars space to concrete. Reason is to prevent rusting of the reinforcement bars. I saw a few excavators in the site which used to excavate in the site. I saw the oil barn/plinth. According to Mr. Peter, oil barn/ plinth are to prevent the transformer to explode. There is steel bonding attached to the column to prevent cracking and provide better bonding.
  6. 6. 6 Last but not least, Scaffolding and supporter of scaffolding used to support the building and formwork of the beam which may not cause any leakage of concrete or changes in size. Formwork at the soffit of the first floor can be seen too.
  7. 7. 7 4.Photos and Description Figure 1: Project information board. Figure 2: High tensile steel rods.
  8. 8. 8 Figure 3 : Main bars Figure 4: Mesh fabric reinforcement (BRC) Figure 5: Bend steel bars
  9. 9. 9 Figure 6: Stirrups and links. Figure 7: Carpenter yard where the formwork are made. Figure 8: Tofu like concrete blocks act as a concrete cover.
  10. 10. 10 Figure 9: Excavator which used to excavate in the construction site. Figure 10: Oil plinth/barn to prevent the explosion of transformer. Figure 11: Bonding attached on the column to prevent cracking and better bonding.
  11. 11. 11 Figure 12: Scaffolding used to support formwork. Figure 13: Supporter of scaffolding. Figure 14: Formwork to sides of soffit of first floor beam.
  12. 12. 12 5.Conclusion After visiting the site, I truly understand the situation of site visit including the scorching of sun and the dust in the site. It is a lot tougher than what I thought compared to the life of studying in the university. I have seen many things in the site which normally I encountered to measure in classes. Besides, I have gain experience staying patient under the hot weather which I never learn in class. During the 1 semester of school life, I only learn new knowledge by memorizing SMM clause and sometimes don’t even know what the structure looks like is. But throughout this site visit, it gives me more understanding about the structure like. Not only that, I also gained quite many of knowledge about the basic of construction process, teamwork between members, the usage of machinery equipment, can differentiate the type of buildings materials used in the construction site. Lastly, I really think that this site visits benefits a lot in terms on subject and for my future as it prepare me to overcome many upcoming problems. This would also have more practical knowledge as it gives me preparation for the future as a successful quantity surveyor.