The elements of a computer system

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The elements of a computer system

  1. 1. THE ELEMENTS OF A COMPUTER SYSTEM<br />
  2. 2. LET US REVIEW!<br />What are the 3 Basic Aspects of a computer operation?<br />
  3. 3. What are the examples of Input Devices?<br />
  4. 4. What are the different Keys in the keyboard?<br />
  5. 5. What are the different mouse techniques?<br />
  6. 6. Give examples of output devices.<br />
  7. 7. What are the two types of Monitor?<br />
  8. 8. What are the 3 KINDS of PRINTER?<br />
  9. 9. What are the 2 types of CPU based on shape?<br />
  10. 10. Enumerate the different Storage Media or Devices<br />
  11. 11. A computer system has four elements<br />that will make a computer really useful.<br />These are:<br /><ul><li>Hardware
  12. 12. Software
  13. 13. Peopleware
  14. 14. Data</li></li></ul><li>HARDWARE<br /><ul><li>Refers to the physical components of a computer.</li></ul>(What you can see and touch)<br /><ul><li>It consists of interconnected devices that control the operations of a computer.</li></ul>INCLUDES THE:<br />computer’s processor,<br />memory, <br />input devices, <br />output devices, <br />storage devices <br />and other computer peripherals.<br />
  15. 15. SOFTWARE<br /><ul><li>This term refers to the collection of electronic instructions that tells the computer what to do.
  16. 16. It is a computer program that is installed in your computer.</li></ul>2 KINDS OF SOFTWARE:<br />System Software- is a computer program that coordinates the activities of a computer.<br />Application Software- a computer program that performs a specific task.<br />
  17. 17. Examples of different application software:<br />Word Processing- Microsoft Word<br />Spreadsheets – Microsoft Excel<br />Computer presentations – Microsoft PowerPoint<br />Database Management – Microsoft Access<br />Desktop Publishing – Adobe Pagemaker and Microsoft Publisher<br />Graphics – AUTOCAD<br />Multimedia – Macromedia<br />Entertainment – Jet Audio Player, Nero Player, NBA Live, Counter Strike, DOTA<br />
  18. 18. People ware<br />This term refers to the different persons involved in the operations and activities of a computer system and in the maintenance of the computer programs installed in it.<br />
  19. 19. Examples of Peopleware<br />Systems Administrator<br />Systems Analyst<br />Computer Programmer<br />Computer Operator<br />Encoder<br />Computer User<br />
  20. 20. DATA<br />Can be classified as formatted data, text, image, audio and video.<br />Formatted Data – includes the numerical or alphabetical data.<br />Text– is a series of letters, numbers and other characters.<br />Image– is data in the form of picture, a graph, or a hand-drawn picture.<br />Audio– is data in the form of sounds.<br />Video – combined pictures that are displayed to portray action.<br />
  21. 21. Quiz # 3 in Computer 15 Items<br />Instructions:<br />Write <br />H,if the sentence relates to Hardware, <br />S,if the sentence relates to Software, <br />P, if the sentence relates to People ware,<br />D, if the sentence relates to Data<br />
  22. 22. Are you ready?<br />
  23. 23. 1. ____H________ Modern computers consist of interconnected electronic devices.<br />2. ______S______ Computer programs are usually stored on a CD-ROM.<br />3. _______H_____ Your computer has parts that you can see and touch.<br />4. ______P______ A systems administrator supervises the computer operations of an organization.<br />5. ______S______ Microsoft Excel is the electronic spreadsheet developed by Microsoft.<br />
  24. 24. 6. ____D______ A hand-drawn picture is captured into the computer by a scanner.<br />7. _____P_____ You are an example of a computer user.<br />8. _____H_____Monitors and printers are essential parts of a computer system.<br />9. _____S_____ Solitaire is a game in Windows 98 that will help you develop your skills in a mouse manipulation.<br />10. _____P____ Computer Programmers write software.<br />
  25. 25. 11.____D______ You can see video and you can hear audio using your computer.<br />12. ____S______ A computer needs an operating system to function properly.<br />13. ____H______ A computer has CPU that you can actually see.<br />14. ____S______ Microsoft Word is an example of a word processor.<br />15. ____P______ Teachers may use computers in teaching.<br />
  26. 26. Assignment # 3<br />What are the different parts of the desktop?<br />Give the function of each part.<br />

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