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  1. 1. Hungary
  2. 2. Hungary is a beautiful small country in Central Europe
  3. 3. Republic of Hungary <ul><li>Hungary borders on Slovakia in the north, on Ukraine in the northeast, on Romania in the east, on Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia in the south, and on Austria in the west. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historical background <ul><li>Hungary was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hungary in figures <ul><li>Country name: Republic of Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Total a rea: 93,030 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Landlocked – no coastline </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy: t otal population: 99.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Government type: parliamentary democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Legal system: r ule of law based on Western model </li></ul><ul><li>Currency : forint (HUF) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP - per capita: $14,900 </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment rate: 5.9% (2004 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation rate : 7% (2004 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Industries: mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles </li></ul>
  6. 6. The official language of Hungary is Hungarian
  7. 7. The country has a population of 10 million people
  8. 8. Has four distinctive seasons
  9. 9. Politics <ul><li>The highest organ of state authority is the National Assembly with almost 400 members that initiates and approves legislation with the support of the prime minister. National parliamentary elections are held every 4 years. While the president of the Republic is elected every 5 years and only plays ceremonial roles. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Has one of the greatest capital s in the world with 2 million inhabitants
  11. 11. Budapest was home to Continental Europe's first subway system, which opened in 1896
  12. 12. Budapest has many impressive bridges Of which the Chain bridge is the most famous built in 1849
  13. 13. Magnificent architecture
  14. 14. There are several gorgeous historical towns in Hungary
  15. 15. … m any small villages, rolling hills and beautiful countryside
  16. 16. Has the largest lake in Central Europe: Lake Balaton Which is also a very famous wine producing province
  17. 17. Hungary is known for its wines, especially the sweet wines of the Tokay region.
  18. 18. Foods of the Hungarians <ul><li>The best-known ingredient in Hungarian food is the red-powdered spice called paprika. It is used to flavor many dishes. Other staples of Hungarian cooking include onions, cabbage, potatoes, noodles, and caraway seeds. Both cream and sour cream are used heavily in Hungarian food. </li></ul><ul><li>Hungarians eat a lot of meat, mostly pork or beef. The Hungarian national dish is meat stew , called &quot;goulash„ </li></ul><ul><li>The Hungarians are known throughout the world for their elegant pastries and cakes. Strudel (retes) is one of them and their fillings include apples, cherries, and poppy seeds. </li></ul>
  19. 19.     HEALTH <ul><li>Hungary is famous for its abundance of thermal and medicinal waters and as a consequence there are many hotels and clinics specialising in health treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary has a spa culture dating back over 2000 years and was even popular during Roman times. </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal water is mineral water having been shown to produce curative effects . </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary is a major center for the promotion of natural well being. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a center for medical excellence with many specialist hospitals, including one of the most respected specialist Heart Centres in Europe. </li></ul>
  20. 20. T he largest religion in Hungary is Roman Catholicism (50% of the population), with a significant Calvinist minority (16% of the population) and smaller Lutheran (3%) and Greek Catholic (3%) minorities. However, these census figures are representative of religious affiliation rather than practice; only an estimated 10-14% of Hungarians attend religious services on a regular basis
  21. 21. Impressive churches
  22. 22. Beautiful castles from the past
  23. 23. Fine Hungarian Universities ELTE, Debreceni, BME, Szegedi es Pecsi
  24. 24. <ul><li>Hungary is very famous for its excellent mathematics education which has trained numerous outstanding scientists. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Famous Hungarian inventors <ul><li>Asboth Oszkar Eng i neer, invented the first purposefully flying helicopter . His helicopter was the first, which was able to elevate vertically with a pilot and to stay and levitate in one place for a longer time in 1928 . </li></ul><ul><li>A Hungarian journalist named La sz lo Biro , created the first ballpoint pen in 1938. Biro noticed the type of ink used in newspaper printing presses dried quickly leaving the paper dry and smudge free. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Teller Ede is most widely known for his significant contributions to the first demonstration of thermonuclear energy ; in addition he has added to knowledge about quantum theory, molecular physics and astrophysics </li></ul><ul><li>E rn o Rubik is the inventor of the world famous Rubik's Cube . This game highly increases logical abilities and conquered the world fast. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Denes Gabor , p hysician an d electro-eng i neer. From 1927 he worked for Siemens and Halske as a researcher. In 1971 he got the Nobel prize for discovering holography . </li></ul><ul><li>Irinyi Janos, Chemist, he solved the puzzle of making silent matches . He wrote several articles on chemistry and published his textbook for schools entitled The Elements of Chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>Puskas Tivadar For two years he had worked in Edison's laboratory as his colleauge, then went to Paris, where he designed an electric cab and airship . In 1879 he built Europe's first telephone exchange in Paris.His other important invention was the telephonograph, predecessor of the wired radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Szent-Gyorgyi Albert , Biochemist.In 1937 he received the Nobel Prize in physiology and medical science for &quot;discoveries in the area of biological combustion processes, particularly in regard to vitamin C , and the fumaric acid catalysis&quot;. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Chemistry: 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology/Medicine:4 </li></ul><ul><li>Physics: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Ecomomics: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Peace: 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Literature: 1 </li></ul><ul><li>In total: 18 prizes </li></ul><ul><li>A remarkable number of Nobel prizes have been awarded to people of Hungarian background... </li></ul><ul><li>The &quot;Brain Drain&quot; is particularly evident here as most of these winners received this distinction as nationals of other countries.   </li></ul>Nobel Prize Winners & Famous Hungarians
  28. 28. Famous Hungarian quotes <ul><li>`Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought` (Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungarian Biochemist's quotes) </li></ul><ul><li>`Clear thinking requires courage rather than intelligence` (Thomas S. Szasz, Hungarian psychiatrist's quotes) </li></ul><ul><li>The stupid neither forgive nor forget; the naïve forgive and forget; the wise forgive but do not forget` (Thomas S. Szasz) </li></ul><ul><li>People often say that this or that person has not yet found himself. But the self is not something one finds, it is something one creates.` </li></ul><ul><li>There's no sense in being precise when you don`t even know what you're talking about.` </li></ul><ul><li>The science of today is the technology of tomorrow.` (Edward Teller quotes) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Facts that not many people know Famous people with Hungarian origins
  30. 30. … and a few more Hungarian images at last
  31. 31. Countryside
  32. 32. City life
  33. 33. Hope you enjoyed