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Arab israel conflict

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Arab israel conflict

  1. 1. Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan Abylaikhan University of International Relations and World Languages Faculty of International Relations PROJECT WORK Arab-Israeli conflict Prepared by: Almagambetova Zh; Narmakhan Zh; 410-group; Checked by:Zhakupov R. Almaty, 2014
  2. 2. Plan 1. Introduction 2. Definition of the Arab-Israeli Conflict 3. To note the complex of the historical causes 4. Analyze the main stages of confrontation 5. Give forecasts to development of the conflict 6. Conclusion 7. References
  3. 3. Introduction Nowadays, one of the most important and the main problems of mankind is the conflict in the Middle East. Since the end of World War II to the promised land once every ten years there is a big war, not counting border incidents. The conflict continued for more than sixty years, and no one knows when and how it will end ...
  4. 4. Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab-Israeli conflict - a military, political, religious, economic and informational confrontation between Israel (the Jews who inhabited this land before 1948) and some Arab states, nations and organizations, mainly located and operating in the Middle East
  5. 5. In the conflict participated with the Arab countries (Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, Iraq and other Arab countries) and the Jewish state of Israel. During the conflict was signed many agreements on a ceasefire between the different countries, but the conflict still continued, and every year it becomes more aggressive and more aggressive on the part of the Jews and the Arabs. There are new reasons for war and the purpose in it. But the main purpose is to create a sovereign Arab state in Palestine, which was to be created after the UN resolution on 29 November 1947. The conflict has claimed thousands of lives and a lot of the one and the other. There are millions of refugees, and in the Arab countries and Israel. Both nations (Arabic and Hebrew) are economic, physical and moral losses. These losses motivate hostile parties to accept the inevitable truce. The forces within each nation and the international community who are looking for these truces - and they contribute to the establishment of peace between the two peoples. For many years, the problem of the conflict solved the UN Security Council, the EU, the issue was discussed even at the summits of Eight. However, finding a consensus is not possible, due to the apparent reluctance of different groups of countries to resolve this conflict.
  6. 6. Fought against Israel Israel
  7. 7. Complex of the historical causes Defining the complex causes that gave rise to the conflict, it is necessary to note the following: 1. historical and territorial (claims of the Palestinian Arabs and Jews on the same ground, and different interpretations of the history of these areas); 2. political and ideological (weak elaboration of ideas on the issue of Zionism Arabs living in the land planned for the creation of the Jewish state, as well as uncompromising, radical political course chosen by Arab leaders); 3. Religious (the existence of common or nearby shrines); 4. Economic (blockade of the strategic trade routes); 5. International law (failure to comply with the parties making the UN and other international organizations); 6. International political (at different stages of the interest manifested in the various centers of world power in catalyzing the conflict). [1]
  8. 8. Analysis of the dynamics of the conflict allowed us to identify 4 main stages of confrontation. In the first phase (until 14 May 1948), the conflict was purely local. Very difficult to determine the specific subjects of confrontation, because in each camp was set up as a force for dialogue and confrontation. In general, the responsibility for the escalation at this stage, in our view, should be relatively equal split between the parties. But it should also be noted is inherently more prone to compromise and peaceful setting of the Jewish leaders (which is embodied in public statements and the Declaration of Independence) The next stage lasted from the beginning of the 1948 war at the end of the 1973 war. This period was the bloodiest confrontation, and it is safe to call the kernel confrontation. During these 25 years there have been five (!) Full-scale military clashes. All of them were won by Israel. War were either started or in varying degrees, provoked the Arab states. During this period, there was no systematic peace process (except for the extremely rare post-war peace negotiations).
  9. 9. The third phase of the conflict (1973 to 1993) is characterized by the beginning of the peace process, and a string of strategic negotiations and peace agreements (Camp David, Oslo). Here is part of the Arab states have reversed their position and went to the peace talks with Israel. However, the positive mood was somewhat overshadowed by the 1982 war in Lebanon. Since 1994, dates back the current stage of the conflict. Military confrontation shifted to terrorism and anti - terrorist operations. The peace process has become systemic, but not completely successful. Conflict resolution has become an international problem that involved in the process of peaceful settlement of international mediators. At this stage, all parties to the conflict (except for some radical terrorist groups) finally realized the need is peaceful resolution of the conflict [2, c. 261-268].
  10. 10. Forecasts to development of the conflict However, in our opinion, the conflict in the short term will be mainly escalate. The main role in this disappointing scenario should play the following factors: - Hostile to Israel's nuclear program of Iran, the growing influence of which will lead to a strengthening of the position of terrorist organizations, - Supported them (Hamas, Hezbollah); - Actual dual power in Palestine at the absolute unwillingness of the two centers of power (Hamas, Fatah) to compromise, making it difficult to granting Palestinian sovereignty; - Coming to power in Israel, right-wing forces led to a tightening of the Israeli position; - Unwillingness of radical Islamic groups to recognize the right of Israel to exist, or at least refuse to terrorist activities; - Deadlock in solving the problem of refugees, as none of the options are not satisfied with both sides of the conflict; - Depletion of water sources in the region. [3]
  11. 11. Conclusion Throughout the paper, we have studied the history of the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict and its influence in the political and economic environment in our time. Studying and analyzing this topic, we came to the following conclusions: • The Middle East can be used in the Merchant motive and reason to the top World civilizational war, the logical outcome of which could become a nuclear confrontation between the superpowers • After many wars between Israel and Arab countries, a host of humanitarian problems, chief among which are the following: • the problem of the Palestinian refugees and Israeli settlers • the problem of political prisoners and prisoners of war • the problem of the daily bombing of Israel and the Palestinian Authority As well acquainted with the events in the Middle East, we offer a way out of the situation in Palestine: Israel should withdraw from the Zionist policies and to establish equality among all sections of the population that has solved the problem of the Palestinian refugees. Also, Israel should return occupied in 1967 the Golan Heights to Syria, which belong to it under international law.
  12. 12. References 1. Еврейская Электронная Энциклопедия [Электронный ресурс]. – 2010. – Режим доступа: HYPERLINK "http://www.eleven.co.il" http://www.eleven.co.il. – Дата доступа: 10.03.2010. 2. Митчелл Бард. Мифы и факты. Путеводитель по арабо-израильскому конфликту / Митчелл Бард – М.: Еврейское слово, 2007. – 478 с. 3. Palestine Facts [Электронный ресурс]. – 2010. – Режим доступа: http: // www.palestinefacts.org. – Дата доступа: 12.03.2010.

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