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  1. 1. Hydroponics “Seeds for the future” project Second Chance School of Corfu 2014
  2. 2. Differences between traditional and hydroponic cultivation Traditional Hydroponic Soil cultivation Controlled cultivation, instead of soil other materials are used, roots grow in water in which suitable nutrients are added A lot of water is absorbed by the soil Water can be recycled We can avoid the use of power Power is necessary Great need for pesticides and fertilizers Fewer pesticides and fertilizers needed Low investment cost Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186 High investment cost
  3. 3. Ecological, cheap but ... hardly known o Modern and ecological o Amazing improvement of product quality! o Impressively lower costs! o Internationally gaining ground against traditional methods o In Greece, however, it can hardly reach 7% of cultivations Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  4. 4. The importance of..... the recipe o Technology aims at creating the suitable nutrition recipe. o Mr. Lazanakis says: o «In hydroponics everything is ideal. A possible mistake though, could be fatal. If something is added wrong, the plant gets destroyed and we could lose the whole production» o «My experience is talking. The first year my production reached 40 tons, the second it reached 180!Did I do something wrong at the beginning? Obviously! But we learn from our mistakes» o «Without good water quality you can't irrigate your plants» [...] «After 4-5 heavy rainfalls I collect 2.000 cubic metres in a tank and from there I channel water to the greenhouse.» Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  5. 5. Substrate «Hydroponics with a substrate or plain water?» Plain water hydroponics uses either a wet membrane which irrigates the plant's roots or a small pond (tank) where plants float. Substrates, which come in various kinds, are safer. contentious issue: should an industrial material be used (e.g rockwool) or natural ones like pearlite and pumice? Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  6. 6. Hydrofertilizing o A hydrofertilizing machine is connected with fertilizer tanks. An expert, using his computer, programmes the suitable nutrition recipe: He calculates the correct for each plant proportions of ions (nitrogen, potassium e.t.c) according to the plant's needs and development stage. o A close hydroponic system demands water of good quality. Salty water doesn't allow its circulation, still it is less harmful in hydroponics than in traditional soil cultivation. Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  7. 7. Costs o A fully equipped, ecological,hydroponic cultivation is going to cost: o About 200.000 euros / 1000 square metre. This cost could be reduced by 50% with a few “sacrifices” o A plot of at least 6-8.000 square metres is considered necessary for an economically viable hydroponic cultivation. Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  8. 8. Payback o From water: o Soil cultivation: 60 litres/kg of tomato plant o Typical greenhouse (with soil): 25-30 litres/kg of tomato plant o Open hydroponic system (without water recycling): 20 litres/kg of tomato plant o Closed hydroponic system (with water recycling): 15 litres/kg of tomato plant o From fertilizers: o Reduction by 50% Source: http://www.tovima.gr/society/article/?aid=358186
  9. 9. Hydroponic strawberry cultivation Source: visionplants/Flickr | http://www.bostanistas.gr
  10. 10. Hydroponic tomato cultivation Source: visionplants/Flickr | http://www.bostanistas.gr
  11. 11. Vertical cultivation
  12. 12. Hydroponics in simple words Imagine hydroponics like a sponge: o The roots are in the sponge instead of the soil o Through a scientifically elaborated and highly advanced system we can feed the plant with what we choose o Nothing we cannot control reaches the plant's roots o The plants are developing hybrids Source: http://www.bostanistas.gr/?i=bostanistas.el.article&id=839
  13. 13. Advantages and difficulties 1. The vegetables' taste and appearance depend on the ingredients they feed on 2. Their quality can be planned 3. In Greece they have a great advantage: the sun 4. In northern countries the electricity cost is doubled 5. The area where vegetables grow is sterilised and workers wear hospital uniforms 6. A lot of attention should be given to microbs and microorganisms: e.g if someone enters a hydroponic greenhouse with a ladybird on him, as there are no natural enemies for the ladybird, it will multiply very quickly!! Source: http://www.bostanistas.gr/?i=bostanistas.el.article&id=839
  14. 14. Is hydroponics an organic cultivation method? Hydroponics is NOT an organic cultivation method, in any country of the world, because the plants are fed with chemical fertilizers that are added in water. Source: http://www.viologika.gr/ydroponiki.php
  15. 15. Hydroponic equipment 1. Body The body consists of plastic, rectangular channels, special little pots, a supporting base and a water tank. Source: olamesa.homeftp.net/grow/hydroponic-equipment/
  16. 16. Hydroponic equipment 2.Nutritional solutions. Special nutritional solutions are added in the water tank to feed the plants. 3.Ph measurer and regulating ph solution. The plants need water with a ph of about 5.5 to 6.0.
  17. 17. Hydroponic equipment 4.Air pump. An air pump will provide water with clean air and all the oxygen needed. 5. Water pump. It will send water from the tank to the plants.
  18. 18. Hydroponic equpment 6.Pumice gravel or clay. They are light and porous materials and support plants in the pots. 7.Water conductivity measurer (tds, ppm, ec meter). This instrument is very important as it measures salts in water, thus we can calculate quantities of nutrients to be added.
  19. 19. Hydroponic equipment 8. Greenhouse. The success key in hydroponics is: a lot of attention to the last detail. The more we check everything in the greenhouse, the better the results. 9. Fan We must ensure that air circulates among the plants in the greenhouse.
  20. 20. Hydroponic equipment 10. Thermometre. We need it to measure water temperature which should be 21-24 degrees C. 11. Young plants. Plants should have developed enough roots, free of soil or any other dirt that could possibly block the water pump.
  21. 21. Home hydroponic garden Tools and materials 1. Black, plastic bags (thick and resistant) 2. A styrofoam box with a lid (the one we usually use as an ice bucket) 3. 6 styrofoam cups 4. 27 litres of distilled water 5. A marker 6. A cutter 7. Pearlite 8. Some moss 9. Lettuce seedlings or seeds, enough for 6 plants 10. Nutritional mixture Dr Gene Giacomelli, http://ag.arizona.edu/pls/faculty/giacomelli.htm Source: http://cityfarmer.gr/2012/06/27/pws-na-ftiaxete-to-diko-sas-ydroponiko-kipo/
  22. 22. Home hydroponic garden How to make it Dress the inner part of the styrofoam box with the plastic bags and add the distilled water. Put the box lid upside down on the box and then put the cups in the holes. Using the styrofoam cups as a pattern, draw 6 circles on the lid of the box. Cut the circles into holes, trying to make the holes about 1/2 cm smaller than your drawing. Water the plants daily with the mixture and make sure the water level has not risen. There must be a distance of 2,5 cm between the water level and bottom of cups. After about a week or 10 days, the roots will start getting into the box. As the plants grow you can cut as many leaves as you want, without... overdoing it. Make small holes at the bottom of the styrofoam cups. Put the moss at the bottom and then fill them with the pearlite. Put the lettuce seedlings in the pearlite and add as much pearlite as necessary around the plant. Source: http://cityfarmer.gr/2012/06/27/pws-na-ftiaxete-to-diko-sas-ydroponiko-kipo/
  23. 23. Vertical hydroponic system A vertical home hydroponic system can fit in a space 1x2 m and can feed a family throughout a year. Materials: PVC or ADS pipes 4,5 – 6 metres long and a diameter of 10 cm (4 inches) Sticks 2 rolls of duct tape A water pump, the size depends on the water flow demanded but an aquarium pump will do. 4 corner pipes of a diameter of 10 cm (4 inches) An air pump (optional). The system will take air in even without the air pump but it will function beter with one. 4 “ T” connectors 10 cm in diameter (4 inches) Construction time: about 2 hours 2 barrels that can take 190 litres Pex pipes or aquarium pipes 4,5 – 6 metres long Plastic cups Straps from hard cloth e.g burlap or cable connectors or any other kind of connectors. Plants and fish recommended: Leafy vegetables, tomatoes, herbs are suitable for such kinds of construction. Tilapias and trout are favoured by a hydroponic environment, grow fast and are very tasty. Source: http://www.permaculturegreece.gr/gr/2013/01/26/how-to-make-a-vertical-aquaponics-system/
  24. 24. The research was carried out by the following participants in “Seeds for the Future” project o Andriana Koskina o Mariliza Kolovou o Anastasia Revythi o Giorgos Hondrogiannis o Lazos Tsiatis o Agelos Yiagas o Panagiotis Glinias