Transatlantic Educators' Dialogue - Immigration by laura maffei
Transatlantic Educators Dialogue Spring 2012 March 25-Week 7:Immigration Laura Maffei
Approaches to TeachingImpressions of & the "Other" Assessment Systems Immigration Rural and Urban SituationsYouth Culture & Economics FUTURE ?
Speak up!1. Is there any kind of immigration to your Country?
Immigration has a deep impact on economy and society• Lots of countries, both in the EU and in the US, are facing a new wave of immigration• The successful integration of the newcomers and their children depends on the society’s response to immigration• Schools are the most important social institution for receiving newcomers
What kind of school? The task of integrating immigrants into school has become more and more challenging:• most of these students speak at home a language other than that of the host country• sometimes they don’t know the language of the host country at all• a large proportion of immigrant families live in urban areas, so urban public schools are expected to receive most of them
“remoteness” and the quality of education Prof. Sugata Mitra –minimally invasive education http://www.hole-in-the-wall.com Schools in remote areas Remoteness do not have good enough: • Teachers • Retention of teachers Within the large • InfrastructureFar from theurban centers metropolitan areas • Maintenance of (slums / poor areas) infrastructure
Can public school cope with the challenges of immigration?• Different needs of natives and immigrants• Limited Language Proficiency• Overcrowded classrooms• Growing social tensions• Budget restrictions
Speak up!2. Do you have any National Guidelines for the reception and education of immigrant students?3. If you have National Guidelines, can you briefly explain them?4. If you don’t have any National Guidelines, does each school take care independently of immigrant students? How?
Models of immigrant incorporation“Educating Immigrant Students in the 21st Century: What Educators Need to Know” Xue Lan Rong & Judith Preissle Classic Assimilation Pluralism • Transformation: • Adaptation: newcomers “foreigners” turned into integrated into society,standardized national citizens keeping individual differences• Subtractive approach: the immigrant students lack • Additive approach: the something (knowledge, immigrant students have language… identity) something special (language,
Basic steps• Acquisition of the host country language• Understanding and acceptance of its laws and customs Opportunity to give a positive contribution to society
But schools can’t do everything on their own• The “swim or sink” approach is not always successful• The education system needs a global approach that takes into consideration the needs of all involved elements (native & immigrant students, families, teachers)• Teachers and School Principals need a proper training in order to meet the new needs of their students• Governments should allow enough money to support schools in this effort: and this is the best investment in the future of their countries. Laura Maffei