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Geographical and Political Location:Geographical and...
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Turkey is linked to the oceans through the BlackTurk...
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The length of the land borders of the country isThe...
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HİSTORY OF TURKEY (TÜRKİYE TARİHİHİSTORY OF TURKEY ...
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In 1243, the Seljuk armies were defeated by the Mon...
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The Ottoman Empire interacted with both Eastern and...
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Following years of decline, the Ottoman Empire ente...
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The occupation of İstanbul and İzmir by the Allies ...
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TurkishTurkish AArchitecture (rchitecture (TTürkürk...
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Examples of Ottoman architecture of theExamples of ...
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iinside of Selimiyenside of Selimiye MMosque( by Si...
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Traditional Turkish HousesTraditional Turkish House...
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Important persons in Turkish HistoryImportant perso...
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Yunus Emre (1238 - 1320)Yunus Emre (1238 - 1320)
On...
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Orhan PamukOrhan Pamuk
Orhan Pamuk is a world famou...
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Mevlana Celaleddin-i RumiMevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi
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This masterpiece of Islam's mystic literature wasTh...
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Come!Come!
Come whoever you are.Come whoever you ar...
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TurkishTurkish BBath (ath (HHamam)amam)
The traditi...
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TurkishTurkish CCoffeeoffee
From the days of the Ot...
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Brought to Istanbul in 1555 by two SyrianBrought to...
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Turkish coffee is served hot from a specialTurkish ...
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Publicity films prepared by Turkish RepublicPublici...
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Bolu Publicity Film prepared by BoluBolu Publicity ...
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Turkey

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Turkey

  1. 1. 1 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  2. 2. 2 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  3. 3. 3 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Geographical and Political Location:Geographical and Political Location: Turkey, a country of utmost strategic importanceTurkey, a country of utmost strategic importance in the world due to its geopolitical location, is onin the world due to its geopolitical location, is on the crossroads between the continents of Asia,the crossroads between the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa, which are referred to as theEurope and Africa, which are referred to as the “Lands of the Old World”. This country, enjoying“Lands of the Old World”. This country, enjoying a wealth of divine gifts of all kinds of scenica wealth of divine gifts of all kinds of scenic wonders, is a unique bridge between all faiths aswonders, is a unique bridge between all faiths as well as Eastern and Western civilizations.well as Eastern and Western civilizations.
  4. 4. 4 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  5. 5. 5 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  6. 6. 6 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Turkey is linked to the oceans through the BlackTurkey is linked to the oceans through the Black Sea, Marmara and Mediterranean Seas, whichSea, Marmara and Mediterranean Seas, which encircle it on three sides.encircle it on three sides. The country borders Georgia, Armenia,The country borders Georgia, Armenia, Nakhichevan and Iran to the east, Bulgaria andNakhichevan and Iran to the east, Bulgaria and Greece to the west, and Iraq and Syria to theGreece to the west, and Iraq and Syria to the south.south.
  7. 7. 7 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  8. 8. 8 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Area and Surface Formations:Area and Surface Formations: Turkey, rectangular in shape, has a surface areaTurkey, rectangular in shape, has a surface area of 814,578 square kilometers. In this respect, itof 814,578 square kilometers. In this respect, it is greater than all of its neighbors except Iran,is greater than all of its neighbors except Iran, and all European countries except the Russianand all European countries except the Russian Federation. The land segment on the EuropeanFederation. The land segment on the European continent with 3% of its total area is calledcontinent with 3% of its total area is called Thrace, and the remaining 97% landmass inThrace, and the remaining 97% landmass in Asia is called Anatolia.Asia is called Anatolia.
  9. 9. 9 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  10. 10. 10 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ The length of the land borders of the country isThe length of the land borders of the country is 2,875 kilometers; its coastline is 8,3332,875 kilometers; its coastline is 8,333 kilometers long, while its landmass iskilometers long, while its landmass is approximately 550 kilometers wide and aboutapproximately 550 kilometers wide and about 1,500 kilometers long.1,500 kilometers long. Turkey is located in the temperate zoneTurkey is located in the temperate zone between the 36 and 42nd degrees of northernbetween the 36 and 42nd degrees of northern latitudes and 26 and 45thdegrees of easternlatitudes and 26 and 45thdegrees of eastern longitudes; and there is a time difference of 76longitudes; and there is a time difference of 76 minutes between its easternmost andminutes between its easternmost and westernmost tips.westernmost tips.
  11. 11. 11 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  12. 12. 12 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ HİSTORY OF TURKEY (TÜRKİYE TARİHİHİSTORY OF TURKEY (TÜRKİYE TARİHİ)) Turks and the Ottoman EmpireTurks and the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire at the height of its powerThe Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (ca. 1683(ca. 1683 In the 10th century, the Seljuks startedIn the 10th century, the Seljuks started migrating from their ancestral homelandsmigrating from their ancestral homelands towards the eastern regions of Anatolia, whichtowards the eastern regions of Anatolia, which eventually became the new homeland of Oğuzeventually became the new homeland of Oğuz Turkic tribes following the Battle of ManzikertTurkic tribes following the Battle of Manzikert (Malazgirt) in 1071. The victory of the Seljuks(Malazgirt) in 1071. The victory of the Seljuks gave rise to the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate;gave rise to the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate; which developed as a separate branch of thewhich developed as a separate branch of the larger Seljuk Empire that covered parts oflarger Seljuk Empire that covered parts of Central Asia, Iran, Anatolia and Southwest Asia.Central Asia, Iran, Anatolia and Southwest Asia.
  13. 13. 13 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  14. 14. 14 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ In 1243, the Seljuk armies were defeated by the MongolsIn 1243, the Seljuk armies were defeated by the Mongols and the power of the empire slowly disintegrated. In itsand the power of the empire slowly disintegrated. In its wake, one of the Turkish principalities governed bywake, one of the Turkish principalities governed by Osman I was to evolve over the next 200 years into theOsman I was to evolve over the next 200 years into the Ottoman Empire, expanding throughout Anatolia and theOttoman Empire, expanding throughout Anatolia and the Levant.[21] In 1453, the city of Constantinople fell to theLevant.[21] In 1453, the city of Constantinople fell to the Ottoman armies of Mehmed II, marking the abolition ofOttoman armies of Mehmed II, marking the abolition of the Byzantine Empire.the Byzantine Empire.
  15. 15. 15 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ The Ottoman Empire interacted with both Eastern andThe Ottoman Empire interacted with both Eastern and Western cultures throughout its 623-year history. In theWestern cultures throughout its 623-year history. In the 16th and 17th centuries, it was among the world's most16th and 17th centuries, it was among the world's most powerful political entities, often locking horns with thepowerful political entities, often locking horns with the Holy Roman Empire in its steady advance towardsHoly Roman Empire in its steady advance towards Central Europe through the Balkans and the southernCentral Europe through the Balkans and the southern part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on land;[7]part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on land;[7] and with the combined forces (Holy Leagues) ofand with the combined forces (Holy Leagues) of Habsburg Spain, the Republic of Venice and the KnightsHabsburg Spain, the Republic of Venice and the Knights of St. John at sea for the control of the Mediterraneanof St. John at sea for the control of the Mediterranean basin; while frequently confronting Portuguese fleets atbasin; while frequently confronting Portuguese fleets at the Indian Ocean for defending the Empire's monopolythe Indian Ocean for defending the Empire's monopoly over the ancient maritime trade routes between Eastover the ancient maritime trade routes between East Asia and Western Europe, which had becomeAsia and Western Europe, which had become increasingly compromised since the discovery of theincreasingly compromised since the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope in 1488.Cape of Good Hope in 1488.
  16. 16. 16 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  17. 17. 17 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Following years of decline, the Ottoman Empire enteredFollowing years of decline, the Ottoman Empire entered World War I through the Ottoman-German Alliance inWorld War I through the Ottoman-German Alliance in 1914, and was ultimately defeated. After the war, the1914, and was ultimately defeated. After the war, the victorious Allied Powers sought the dismemberment ofvictorious Allied Powers sought the dismemberment of the Ottoman state through the Treaty of Sèvres.the Ottoman state through the Treaty of Sèvres.
  18. 18. 18 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  19. 19. 19 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ The occupation of İstanbul and İzmir by the Allies in theThe occupation of İstanbul and İzmir by the Allies in the aftermath of World War I prompted the establishment ofaftermath of World War I prompted the establishment of the Turkish national movement.[7] Under the leadershipthe Turkish national movement.[7] Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, a military commander who hadof Mustafa Kemal Pasha, a military commander who had distinguished himself during the Battle of Gallipoli, thedistinguished himself during the Battle of Gallipoli, the Turkish War of Independence was waged with the aim ofTurkish War of Independence was waged with the aim of revoking the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres.[6] Byrevoking the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres.[6] By September 18, 1922, the occupying armies wereSeptember 18, 1922, the occupying armies were repelled and the country saw the birth of the new Turkishrepelled and the country saw the birth of the new Turkish state. On November 1, the newly founded parliamentstate. On November 1, the newly founded parliament formally abolished the Sultanate, thus ending 623 yearsformally abolished the Sultanate, thus ending 623 years of Ottoman rule. The Treaty of Lausanne of July 24,of Ottoman rule. The Treaty of Lausanne of July 24, 1923, led to the international recognition of the1923, led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed "Republic of Turkey" assovereignty of the newly formed "Republic of Turkey" as the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and thethe successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and the republic was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923,republic was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923, in the new capital of Ankarain the new capital of Ankara
  20. 20. 20 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  21. 21. 21 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ TurkishTurkish AArchitecture (rchitecture (TTürkürk MMimarisi)imarisi):: Turkish architecture reached its peak during theTurkish architecture reached its peak during the Ottoman period. Ottoman architecture,Ottoman period. Ottoman architecture, influenced by Seljuk, Byzantine and Arabinfluenced by Seljuk, Byzantine and Arab architecture, came to develop a style all of itsarchitecture, came to develop a style all of its own.own. In Ottoman times the mosque did not exist byIn Ottoman times the mosque did not exist by itself. It was looked on by society as being veryitself. It was looked on by society as being very much interconnected with city planning andmuch interconnected with city planning and communal life. Beside the mosque there werecommunal life. Beside the mosque there were soup kitchens, theological schools, hospitals,soup kitchens, theological schools, hospitals, Turkish baths and tombs.Turkish baths and tombs.
  22. 22. 22 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  23. 23. 23 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Examples of Ottoman architecture of theExamples of Ottoman architecture of the classical period, aside from Istanbul and Edirne,classical period, aside from Istanbul and Edirne, can also be seen in Egypt, Tunisia, Algiers, thecan also be seen in Egypt, Tunisia, Algiers, the Balkans and Hungary, where mosques, bridges,Balkans and Hungary, where mosques, bridges, fountains and schools were built.fountains and schools were built.
  24. 24. 24 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  25. 25. 25 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ iinside of Selimiyenside of Selimiye MMosque( by Sinan)osque( by Sinan) During the years 1720-1890, Ottoman artDuring the years 1720-1890, Ottoman art deviated from the principles of classical times. Indeviated from the principles of classical times. In the 18th century, during the Lale (Tulip) period,the 18th century, during the Lale (Tulip) period, Ottoman art came under the influence of theOttoman art came under the influence of the excessive decorations of the west; Baroque,excessive decorations of the west; Baroque, Rococo, Ampir and other styles intermingledRococo, Ampir and other styles intermingled with Ottoman art. Fountains became thewith Ottoman art. Fountains became the characteristic structures of this period.characteristic structures of this period.
  26. 26. 26 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  27. 27. 27 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  28. 28. 28 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Traditional Turkish HousesTraditional Turkish Houses Being strong and durable, functional, economical andBeing strong and durable, functional, economical and aesthetic are the basic characteristics of the traditionalaesthetic are the basic characteristics of the traditional Turkish house. The houses are built along the roads andTurkish house. The houses are built along the roads and on the edges of the squares in an order which reflects aon the edges of the squares in an order which reflects a strong respect for the neighbors.strong respect for the neighbors. The materials used in the houses varied according to theThe materials used in the houses varied according to the regions and climatic conditions. Wood and stone wereregions and climatic conditions. Wood and stone were used in the Black Sea Region, while it was stone andused in the Black Sea Region, while it was stone and wood according to the locale in the West and the Southwood according to the locale in the West and the South and combinations of mud brick and wood in the Centerand combinations of mud brick and wood in the Center and the Eastern parts of the country.and the Eastern parts of the country.
  29. 29. 29 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  30. 30. 30 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Important persons in Turkish HistoryImportant persons in Turkish History Piri Reis (1465 - 1554)Piri Reis (1465 - 1554) Famous Turkish sailor and the first TurkishFamous Turkish sailor and the first Turkish marine cartographer born in Gelibolu (Gallipoli).marine cartographer born in Gelibolu (Gallipoli). Piri Reis was both a great sea commander whoPiri Reis was both a great sea commander who was heroic and smart in battle and one of thewas heroic and smart in battle and one of the most important cartographers and sailor writersmost important cartographers and sailor writers of his time.of his time.
  31. 31. 31 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  32. 32. 32 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Yunus Emre (1238 - 1320)Yunus Emre (1238 - 1320) One of the greatest and the deepest poets of theOne of the greatest and the deepest poets of the Turkish folk literature. Yunus Emre is a greatTurkish folk literature. Yunus Emre is a great poet who managed to turn the Anatolian dialectpoet who managed to turn the Anatolian dialect into a language of literature and who succeededinto a language of literature and who succeeded in reciting poetry and chanting hymns in purein reciting poetry and chanting hymns in pure Turkish. He has written about issues whichTurkish. He has written about issues which looked extremely complex. Yunus, in most of hislooked extremely complex. Yunus, in most of his poems declares his great love for the God. Hepoems declares his great love for the God. He has felt the elusive excitements of the love ofhas felt the elusive excitements of the love of God and also made others to feel it.God and also made others to feel it.
  33. 33. 33 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  34. 34. 34 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Orhan PamukOrhan Pamuk Orhan Pamuk is a world famous and Nobel prizeOrhan Pamuk is a world famous and Nobel prize winner Turkish novelist from modern times. Hewinner Turkish novelist from modern times. He was born in Istanbul on 7th of June 1952. Duringwas born in Istanbul on 7th of June 1952. During his childhood in Nisantasi neighborhood, hehis childhood in Nisantasi neighborhood, he dreamed to become a painter so he keptdreamed to become a painter so he kept painting until he was 22 years old. Orhan Pamukpainting until he was 22 years old. Orhan Pamuk became a writer in 1974. Orhan Pamuk won thebecame a writer in 1974. Orhan Pamuk won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2006, becoming theNobel Prize in Literature in 2006, becoming the first Turkish citizen to win such a prize and onefirst Turkish citizen to win such a prize and one of the two youngest persons to get this prize inof the two youngest persons to get this prize in the history of Nobel. His books are translatedthe history of Nobel. His books are translated into dozens of languages for over 100 countriesinto dozens of languages for over 100 countries around the world.around the world.
  35. 35. 35 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  36. 36. 36 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Mevlana Celaleddin-i RumiMevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi The great mystic and poet Mevlana Celaleddin-iThe great mystic and poet Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi was born in Belh (Balkh), in present dayRumi was born in Belh (Balkh), in present day Afghanistan but in Greater Khorasan regionAfghanistan but in Greater Khorasan region back in Persian times, on September 30, 1207back in Persian times, on September 30, 1207 AD.AD. Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi's masterpiece, hisMevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi's masterpiece, his six volume Mesnevi consisting of 25700six volume Mesnevi consisting of 25700 couplets, is regarded as the most outstandingcouplets, is regarded as the most outstanding work of Persian-Islamic mysticism. It is not clearwork of Persian-Islamic mysticism. It is not clear when Mevlana started writing the Mesnevi,when Mevlana started writing the Mesnevi, though it is known that he started on the secondthough it is known that he started on the second volume of his magnum opus in 1264.volume of his magnum opus in 1264.
  37. 37. 37 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  38. 38. 38 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ This masterpiece of Islam's mystic literature wasThis masterpiece of Islam's mystic literature was written in the form of poetry which includedwritten in the form of poetry which included philosophical, mystical, and spiritual messagesphilosophical, mystical, and spiritual messages and could in a sense be considered allegoriesand could in a sense be considered allegories which carry deep spiritual and religiouswhich carry deep spiritual and religious meanings.meanings. Mevlana and his thought transcended theMevlana and his thought transcended the boundaries of his time and thus he and hisboundaries of his time and thus he and his writings are still relevant and fresh in this daywritings are still relevant and fresh in this day and age, some 700 years after. The universalityand age, some 700 years after. The universality of his thought finds its reflection in, for example,of his thought finds its reflection in, for example, the famous verses where he says:the famous verses where he says:
  39. 39. 39 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  40. 40. 40 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Come!Come! Come whoever you are.Come whoever you are. Doesn't matter if you are an unbeliever.Doesn't matter if you are an unbeliever. Doesn't matter if you have fallen a thousandDoesn't matter if you have fallen a thousand times.times. Come!Come! Come whoever you are. For this is not the doorCome whoever you are. For this is not the door of hopelessness.of hopelessness. Come,Come, Just as you are!Just as you are!
  41. 41. 41 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  42. 42. 42 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ TurkishTurkish BBath (ath (HHamam)amam) The tradition of the Turkish bath extends farThe tradition of the Turkish bath extends far back, to a time before Turks had reachedback, to a time before Turks had reached Anatolia. When the Turks arrived in Anatolia,Anatolia. When the Turks arrived in Anatolia, they brought with them one bathing tradition,they brought with them one bathing tradition, and were confronted with another, that ofand were confronted with another, that of Romans and Byzantines, with certain localRomans and Byzantines, with certain local variants. The traditions merged, and with thevariants. The traditions merged, and with the addition of the Moslem concern for cleanlinessaddition of the Moslem concern for cleanliness and its concomitant respect for the uses ofand its concomitant respect for the uses of water, there arose an entirely new concept, thatwater, there arose an entirely new concept, that of the Turkish Bath. In time it became anof the Turkish Bath. In time it became an institution, with its system of ineradicableinstitution, with its system of ineradicable customs.customs.
  43. 43. 43 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  44. 44. 44 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ TurkishTurkish CCoffeeoffee From the days of the Ottoman Empire throughFrom the days of the Ottoman Empire through the present, coffee has played an important rolethe present, coffee has played an important role in Turkish lifestyle and culture. The serving andin Turkish lifestyle and culture. The serving and consumption of coffee has had a profound effectconsumption of coffee has had a profound effect on betrothal and gender customs, political andon betrothal and gender customs, political and social interaction, prayer, and hospitalitysocial interaction, prayer, and hospitality customs throughout the centuries. Althoughcustoms throughout the centuries. Although many of the rituals are not prevalent in today'smany of the rituals are not prevalent in today's society, coffee has remained an integral part ofsociety, coffee has remained an integral part of Turkish culture.Turkish culture.
  45. 45. 45 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  46. 46. 46 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Brought to Istanbul in 1555 by two SyrianBrought to Istanbul in 1555 by two Syrian traders, coffee became known as the "milk oftraders, coffee became known as the "milk of chess players and thinkers". By the mid-17thchess players and thinkers". By the mid-17th century, Turkish coffee became part of elaboratecentury, Turkish coffee became part of elaborate ceremonies involving the Ottoman court. Coffeeceremonies involving the Ottoman court. Coffee makers (kahveci usta), with the help of over fortymakers (kahveci usta), with the help of over forty assistants, ceremoniously prepared and servedassistants, ceremoniously prepared and served coffee for the sultan. Betrothal customs andcoffee for the sultan. Betrothal customs and gender roles also became defined throughgender roles also became defined through coffee rituals. In ancient times, women receivedcoffee rituals. In ancient times, women received intensive training in the harem on the properintensive training in the harem on the proper technique of preparing Turkish coffee.technique of preparing Turkish coffee. Perspective husbands would judge a woman'sPerspective husbands would judge a woman's merits based on the taste of her coffee.merits based on the taste of her coffee.
  47. 47. 47 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  48. 48. 48 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Turkish coffee is served hot from a specialTurkish coffee is served hot from a special coffee pot called "cezve". Tradition states thatcoffee pot called "cezve". Tradition states that after the guest has consumed the coffee and theafter the guest has consumed the coffee and the cup is turned upside down on the saucer andcup is turned upside down on the saucer and allowed to cool, the hostess then performs aallowed to cool, the hostess then performs a fortune reading from the coffee groundsfortune reading from the coffee grounds remaining in the cup. Rich in tradition and flavor,remaining in the cup. Rich in tradition and flavor, Turkish coffee remains a favorite today.Turkish coffee remains a favorite today.
  49. 49. 49 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  50. 50. 50 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Publicity films prepared by Turkish RepublicPublicity films prepared by Turkish Republic Ministry of CultureMinistry of Culture
  51. 51. 51 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  52. 52. 52 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ
  53. 53. 53 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ Bolu Publicity Film prepared by BoluBolu Publicity Film prepared by Bolu GovernorshipGovernorship
  54. 54. 54 T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ T.CT.C BOLU VALİLİĞİBOLU VALİLİĞİ

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