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Peter Michael Senge
Born 1947, Stanford, California.
Received a B.S. in Aerospace engineering from Stanford University.
Ea...
The FifthDiscipline: The Art and Practice of the LearningOrganization
(1990)
Convert companies into LEARNING ORGANIZATIONS...
The Learning Organization
Organizations where people continually expand
their capacity to create the results they truly
de...
The Learning Organization
Adaptive
Learning
Generative
Learning
Learning
Organization
In a Learning Organization
 Flexibility
 People
 Staff Opinions
 Exchanging information
 Learn new skills
 Opportuni...
A company that needs to learn…
1. Employees seem unmotivated or uninterested in their
work.
2. Workforce lack the skill an...
The Five Disciplines
Distinguishes the learning organisation from traditional ones on
the basis of the mastery of five dis...
Five Basic Disciplines
1. Personal mastery
 Measured by the difference
between our goals and our current
reality.
 Relieve the tension by reduc...
2. Mental Models
Deeply ingrained assumption,
generalizations, or even pictures of images
that influence how we understand...
3. Shared Vision
Shared vision is the difference between people doing work because they
are told to and doing it because t...
3. Shared Vision
Allows the group to discover insights not attainable individually.
Is a shared vision only when it connec...
4. Team Learning
 Pooling knowledge, expertise and intellect to produce results which are beyond the
sum of the individual parts.
 Begins...
5. Systems Thinking
Fifth Discipline that integrates the other four:-
 Is a language for learning and acting.
 Helps us ...
The Laws of the Fifth Discipline
Today’s problems come from yesterday’s “solutions.”
The harder you push, the harder the s...
Contd....
Cause and effect are not closely related in time and space.
You can have your cake and eat it too--but not at on...
The Learning Disabilities:
Most organizations learn poorly and create fundamental learning disabilities
The seven learning...
1. I am my Position
Trained to be loyal to our job and confuse them with our own identities.
Tendency to see responsibilit...
2. THE ENEMY IS OUT THERE
The propensity to find someone or something outside ourselves to blame
when things go wrong.
Tho...
3. THE ILLUSION OF TAKING CHARGE
Proactiveness is reactiveness in disguise.
Aggressive fighting the ‘enemy out there’ mean...
4. THE FIXATION ON EVENTS
• Focusing on events distract from seeing the longer-term patterns of change.
• Distracts from u...
5. The Delusion of Learning fromExperience
Practice makes permanent, rather than
perfect
6. THE PARABLE OF THE BOILED FROG
We are adept at responding to sudden changes in our
environment.
We are terrible at asse...
7. The Myth of the Management Team
The team may function quite well with routine issues.
But when they confront the comple...
Books by him
The Fifth Discipline Field book: Strategies and Tools for
Building a Learning Organization (1994).
The Dance ...
THANK YOU
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Developing Learning Organisations

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  1. 1. Peter Michael Senge Born 1947, Stanford, California. Received a B.S. in Aerospace engineering from Stanford University. Earned an M.S. in social systems modeling from MIT in 1972. Ph.D. from the MIT Sloan School of Management in 1978. Founding chair of the Society for Organizational Learning (SoL).
  2. 2. The FifthDiscipline: The Art and Practice of the LearningOrganization (1990) Convert companies into LEARNING ORGANIZATIONS. Group problem solving using the systems thinking method . The five disciplines represent approaches :- Developing three core learning capabilities: ○ Fostering aspiration, ○ Developing reflective conversation, ○ Understanding complexity
  3. 3. The Learning Organization Organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire. New and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured. Collective aspiration is set free. People are continually learning to see the whole together.
  4. 4. The Learning Organization Adaptive Learning Generative Learning Learning Organization
  5. 5. In a Learning Organization  Flexibility  People  Staff Opinions  Exchanging information  Learn new skills  Opportunities exist  Learning Occur
  6. 6. A company that needs to learn… 1. Employees seem unmotivated or uninterested in their work. 2. Workforce lack the skill and knowledge to adjust to new jobs. 3. Workforce simply follow orders. 4. Lack communication between each other. 5. Teams argue constantly and lack real productivity.
  7. 7. The Five Disciplines Distinguishes the learning organisation from traditional ones on the basis of the mastery of five disciplines. All five are concerned with a shift in focus from people as ‘helpless reactors’ to ‘active participants’. Who create the future instead of reacting to the present.
  8. 8. Five Basic Disciplines
  9. 9. 1. Personal mastery  Measured by the difference between our goals and our current reality.  Relieve the tension by reducing your goals to match your current reality.  Change your perception of your current reality to be closer to your goal.
  10. 10. 2. Mental Models Deeply ingrained assumption, generalizations, or even pictures of images that influence how we understand the world and how we take action. The widely acknowledged truth that many good ideas never get past the drawing board. Senge explains reason for this with people’s profoundly held ‘mental models’ which reject anything untried or unfamiliar.
  11. 11. 3. Shared Vision Shared vision is the difference between people doing work because they are told to and doing it because they want to. Vision must be dictated to the organisation through a ‘top-down’ process. An organisational vision is not truly shared until it connects with the personal visions of everyone inside the organisation
  12. 12. 3. Shared Vision Allows the group to discover insights not attainable individually. Is a shared vision only when it connects with the personal vision of people throughout the organization. Shows group how to recognize the patterns of interaction that undermine learning. Vision creates the spark; the excitement that lifts an organization out of the mundane. Fosters risk taking and experimentation. Encourages building personal vision-personal mastery
  13. 13. 4. Team Learning
  14. 14.  Pooling knowledge, expertise and intellect to produce results which are beyond the sum of the individual parts.  Begins with the practice of ‘dialogue’, “the capacity of members of a team to suspend assumptions and enter into a genuine ‘thinking together’ .  When teams are effectively learning they are producing successful results.  Individual team members are growing faster than they could have on their own.  If teams can not learn, neither can the organization. 4. Team Learning
  15. 15. 5. Systems Thinking Fifth Discipline that integrates the other four:-  Is a language for learning and acting.  Helps us see how we create our reality.  Points to higher leverage solutions to problems.  Helps us understand and describe complex issues.  One can only understand a system by stepping back and viewing it from a distance
  16. 16. The Laws of the Fifth Discipline Today’s problems come from yesterday’s “solutions.” The harder you push, the harder the system pushes back. Behavior grows better before it grows worse. The cure can be worse than the disease. Faster is slower.
  17. 17. Contd.... Cause and effect are not closely related in time and space. You can have your cake and eat it too--but not at once. Dividing the elephant in half does not produce two small elephants. There is no blame. (Senge (1990) pp.. 57-67)
  18. 18. The Learning Disabilities: Most organizations learn poorly and create fundamental learning disabilities The seven learning Disabilities:- 1. "I am my position." 2. "The enemy out there." 3. The Illusion of Taking Charge 4. The Fixation of Events 5. The Parable of the Boiling Frog 6. The Delusion of Learning from Experience 7. The Myth of the Management Team
  19. 19. 1. I am my Position Trained to be loyal to our job and confuse them with our own identities. Tendency to see responsibilities as limited to the boundaries of position. When people in organizations focus only on their position, they have little sense of responsibility for the results produced when all positions interact.
  20. 20. 2. THE ENEMY IS OUT THERE The propensity to find someone or something outside ourselves to blame when things go wrong. Thou shall always find an external agent to blame. Marketing blames manufacturing blames engineering blames marketing. This syndrome is a by-product of "I am my position”.
  21. 21. 3. THE ILLUSION OF TAKING CHARGE Proactiveness is reactiveness in disguise. Aggressive fighting the ‘enemy out there’ means we are reacting. True proactiveness comes from seeing how we contribute to our own problem.
  22. 22. 4. THE FIXATION ON EVENTS • Focusing on events distract from seeing the longer-term patterns of change. • Distracts from understanding the cause of those patterns. • Cave men needed to react to events quickly for survival-ability. • Generative learning cannot be sustained in an organization if people's thinking is dominated by short-term events.
  23. 23. 5. The Delusion of Learning fromExperience Practice makes permanent, rather than perfect
  24. 24. 6. THE PARABLE OF THE BOILED FROG We are adept at responding to sudden changes in our environment. We are terrible at assessing slow, gradual changes, even when they threaten our survival.
  25. 25. 7. The Myth of the Management Team The team may function quite well with routine issues. But when they confront the complex issues that may be embarrassing or threatening, the teamness seems to go to pot. Avoiding anything that will make them look bad personally Pretending that everyone is behind the team’s collective strategy.
  26. 26. Books by him The Fifth Discipline Field book: Strategies and Tools for Building a Learning Organization (1994). The Dance of Change. The Challenges to Sustaining Momentum in Learning Organizations (1999). Schools That Learn (2000).
  27. 27. THANK YOU

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