Presentation on Powerpoint Creation


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  • Presentation on Powerpoint Creation

    1. 1. Alabama Educational Technology Conference 2004: Vision of PowerPoint
    2. 2. Industrial Age <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves/serfs-Hierarchies </li></ul><ul><li>One-piece customization </li></ul>Agricultural Age  Information Age  <ul><li>Extended Family </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Food & Stuff </li></ul><ul><li>Employees-Bureaucracies </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly Line </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Family </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Science </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Global Family </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Food, Stuff & Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Partners & Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Individualization </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Growing Information Age Reality <ul><li>Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation to Change </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Entrepreneurial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proof of effectiveness (assessment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SAT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduation exams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Onus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software, hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul>1. A Vision of Budgeting
    5. 5. <ul><li>Phenomenological/empirical </li></ul><ul><li>Idea map </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>decentralized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>customized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pluralism…flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Global involvement </li></ul>2. Vision of the Paradigm
    6. 6. Industrial Age Agricultural Age Information Age Monolithic Hierarchical Matrix 3. Vision of Authority
    7. 7. 3. Vision of Authority What to do? Who has the right to do it? MONEY Function <ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas are top-down or Bottom-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders as facilitators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Critical thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Multiskilled employees </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Government (NCLB) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>SDE </li></ul><ul><li>Local Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salad Bowl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Intelligences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal opportunity through effort </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access – Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It takes a community…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul></ul>4. Vision of Information Systems
    9. 9. 5. Vision of Adaptation to Change <ul><li>Nature Stimulates </li></ul><ul><li>Change is inevitable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the natural order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essential to renewal and vitality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essential to survival </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible mindsets </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher updating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New types of educational procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New teacher skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New problems, goals, and solutions </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Broad education programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charter schools </li></ul><ul><li>School vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>On-Line education </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Real world learning </li></ul><ul><li>Business adaptations/internships </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul>6. Vision of Education
    11. 11. <ul><li>41% use e-mail and instant messaging to contact teachers or fellow students about class work. </li></ul><ul><li>81% use-e-mail to stay in touch with friends and relatives </li></ul><ul><li>56% prefer the Internet to the phone </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming is a favorite form of recreation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 Million gaming consoles sold in 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online gaming is predicted to be at 13 million subscribers by 2007 </li></ul></ul>Students (X-Gen) 6. A Vision of Education
    12. 12. <ul><li>20% of students started using the computer between the ages of 5 and 8. </li></ul><ul><li>99.8% used a computer by the time they were 16-18 </li></ul><ul><li>84% own a computer: 25% own more than one </li></ul><ul><li>Students spend an average of 11 hours per week online. </li></ul>Students (Millennials) 6. A Vision of Education
    13. 13. What makes a good PowerPoint? <ul><li>Sans Serif Font (Ariel, Basi Sans, Century Gothic, Franklin Gothic, Gill sans, Tahoma, and Verdana) </li></ul><ul><li>Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen </li></ul><ul><li>18-44 point font </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Titles 36-44 point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text 18-34 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Earth to sky (dark background to light type) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you make your own background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size 800 x 600 (11.1” x 8.3”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>72 dpi </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JPEG </li></ul></ul></ul>Rontodo and Wilder
    14. 14. Use Big Text <ul><li>Verdana 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 32 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Verdana 44 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verdana 48 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verdana 54 </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Italics are difficult to read on screen </li></ul><ul><li>ALL CAPITAL LETTERS SHOUT </li></ul><ul><li>Use Normal or bold fonts </li></ul><ul><li>Underlines usually signify hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>Use colors to draw attention to words </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid m a n y c o l o u r s </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the number of Fonts and Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Upper and lower case letters are easier </li></ul>Font Modification
    16. 16. Complement <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use harmonizing colours </li></ul><ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use harmonizing colours </li></ul>
    17. 17. What makes a good PowerPoint? <ul><li>Eight lines of text per slide </li></ul><ul><li>No more than six bullets per slide </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on content rather than effects </li></ul><ul><li>Make effects enhance learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make animations happen in a logical order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid effects that do not contribute to the content </li></ul></ul>Rontodo and Wilder
    18. 18. Size <ul><li>Size implies importance </li></ul>
    19. 19. Number Lists <ul><li>Use numbers for lists with a sequence </li></ul><ul><li>How to put an elephant into a fridge? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open the door of the fridge </li></ul><ul><li>2. Put the elephant in </li></ul><ul><li>3. Close the door </li></ul>
    20. 20. Bullets <ul><li>Use bullets to show a list without </li></ul><ul><li>Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul>
    21. 21. Tutoring Sessions 14,856 10,345 8,036 May 7,940 10,870 16,098 April 16,034 6,567 17,234 March 16,128 12,345 1,078 February 2,034 44,123 14,532 January Nashville Birmingham Jacksonville 14 10 8 May 8 10 16 April 16 7 17 March 16 12 1 February 2 44 15 January Nashville Birmingham Jacksonville In Thousands
    22. 22. Tutoring Sessions
    23. 23. Avoid making a slide too busy <ul><li>Art work may distract your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Artistry does not substitute for content </li></ul>
    24. 24. Sound <ul><li>Sound effects may also distract </li></ul><ul><li>Use sound to enhance the content </li></ul>
    25. 25. Transition <ul><li>This transition is annoying, not enhancing </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Appear&quot; and &quot;Disappear&quot; are better </li></ul>
    26. 26. Animation -bad 2 m Too distracting !
    27. 27. Animation -good Simple & to the point 2 m
    28. 28. <ul><li>Have student reflect on what they know about the topic you are presenting. </li></ul><ul><li>From these comments come up with a positive and a negative about the topic. </li></ul>Opening Question Active Learning
    29. 29. <ul><li>Have students turn to a partner and summarize the presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Have the outcome shared with the class? </li></ul>Active Learning Think-Pair-Share
    30. 30. <ul><li>Have students list as many characteristics of the presentation as they can. </li></ul>Active Learning with interactive whiteboards Focused Listing Ask your students fill in the blanks on a slide that you include in your presentation. Fill-in-the-Blanks
    31. 31. <ul><li>What do your students know about the topic of the presentation? </li></ul><ul><li>Start with their clearest thoughts and then move on to those that are kind of out there! </li></ul>Active Learning Brainstorm Active Learning with interactive whiteboards
    32. 32. Questions?
    33. 33. <ul><li>Allow students to use a few minutes to compare notes with a partner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize the most important information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify (and clarify if possible) any sticking points. </li></ul></ul>Active Learning Note Check
    34. 34. <ul><li>Have students come up with one question about the presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>See if they can stump their partner or even the class. </li></ul>Active Learning Question and Answer Pairs
    35. 35. <ul><li>Ask your students to summarize the most important points in the presentation. </li></ul>Active Learning Two Minute Paper Checks Ask your students to respond to short answer or essay questions embedded in your presentation.
    36. 37. <ul><li>“ At a minimum, a presentation format should do no harm to content. Yet again and again we have seen that the PP cognitive style routinely disrupts, dominates, and trivializes content. Thus PP presentations too often resemble the school play: very loud, very slow, and very simple. The practical conclusions are clear. PowerPoint is a competent slide manager and projector for low-resolution materials. And that's about it. PP has some occasionaly useful low-end design tools and way too many Phluff-tools. No matter how beautiful your PP ready-made template is, it would be better if there were less of it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Edward R. Tufte, The Cognitve Style of PowerPoint , 22 </li></ul>
    37. 38. PowerPoints Dilute Thought <ul><li>Faux-analytical </li></ul><ul><li>Less is a bore </li></ul><ul><li>“Elevates form over content” </li></ul><ul><li>“Dumbs down” content </li></ul>Tufte
    38. 39. PowerPoint Phluff <ul><li>…we should not abbreviate the truth to make the words fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Information stacked in time it is difficult </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To understand context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To evaluate relationships </li></ul></ul>Tufte
    39. 40. Improving PP Phluff <ul><li>Better content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Audience boredom is a content failure not a decoration failure.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Do no harm” to content by avoiding loud, slow, or simple PowerPoints. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint templates for arrays of numbers or words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elaborate hierarchies of bullets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading aloud from slides </li></ul></ul>Tufte
    40. 41. <ul><li>Most teachers and business people use PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ways to use PowerPoint effectively </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the media that causes Tufte problems. </li></ul>PowerPoint Zenanko
    41. 42. <ul><li>It is not the size you make the font </li></ul><ul><ul><li>its about the visual angle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>its about readability and compatibility with your audience and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You should use effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant sounds, graphics, animations, and Internet links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please do not cause sensory bombardment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ART? </li></ul></ul>PowerPoint Zenanko
    42. 43. <ul><li>Uses of PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Dumb” down is different from presenting to a particular audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is intended to be used to present information linearly, so recap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pose discussion questions, problems (hold the slide) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put yourself and or your students in the presentation </li></ul></ul>PowerPoint Zenanko
    43. 44. <ul><li>Amortize your time investment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use slides as review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use presentations as outlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify presentations using student input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revise presentations </li></ul></ul>PowerPoint Zenanko
    44. 45. References <ul><li>Brown, David. “Faculty Practice: Judicious PowerPoint.” Syllabus. (March 2001), 27. </li></ul><ul><li>Byrne, David. “Learning to Love PowerPoint.” Wired. Sept. 2003, 12-15. </li></ul><ul><li>Creed, Tom. “PowerPoint, No! Cyberspace, Yes.” The National Teaching and Learning Forum. 6:4 (1997), 5-7. </li></ul><ul><li>Daniels, Lisa. “Introducing Technology in the Classroom: PowerPoint as a First Step.” Journal of Computing in Higher Education. 10:2 (Spring 1999), 42-56. </li></ul><ul><li>Collins, A., Brown, J.S. and Newman, S.E. (1989) Cognitive apprenticeship: Teaching the crafts of reading, writing, and mathematics, In: Resnick, L.B., (ED.) Knowing, Learning, and Instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser, Hillside, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. </li></ul><ul><li>“ New Literacies: Introducing Technology Into University Studies.” The Journal of General Education. 48:3 (1999), 188-95. </li></ul><ul><li>No Child Left Behind, Title IX- General Provisions, Part A definitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowaczyk, Ronald, Lyndee Santos and Chad Patton. “Student Perception of Multimedia in The Undergraduate Classroom.” International Journal of Instructional Media. 25:4 (1998), 367-82. </li></ul><ul><li>Pence, Harry. “PowerPoint and Cooperative Learning: An Ideal Instructional Combination.” The Technology Source. July 1997. http:// = article&id =527 </li></ul><ul><li>Oblinger, Diana. “Boomers, Gen-Xers and Milennials: Understanding the New Students.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Partnership for 21 st Century Skills Report, Learning for the 21 st Century,” June 2003. </li></ul>
    45. 46. References (continued) <ul><li>Price Waterhouse Coopers Entertainment and Media Outlook 2003-2007. (2003) Silicon Valley News. </li></ul><ul><li>Rontodo, J. and Wilder, C. (2003). “Slides that Win.” Crystal Graphics. </li></ul><ul><li>SETDA, National Leadership Institute (NLI), http:// =24 </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, Erika D. (2003) Beacon Journal,, Screen Digest Research </li></ul><ul><li>Szabo, Attila and Nigel Hastings. &quot;Using IT In The Undergraduate Classroom: Should We Replace The Blackboard With Powerpoint?&quot; Computers and Education 35.3 (Nov. 2000): 175-87. </li></ul><ul><li>Tomei, Lawrence and Margaret Balmert. “ Creating An Interactive Powerpoint Lesson For The Classroom.” THE Journal. 28:1 (Aug 2000), 69-71. http:// /. </li></ul><ul><li>Tufte, Edward R. (2003). “The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint.” Graphics Press LLC, Cheshire Conn, http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Zenanko, Mike. &quot;Dr. Bork's Discussion “The Future of Learning&quot;.22 February 2002. Online Posting. International Forum Education al Technology & Society. Retrieved 27 February 2003 </li></ul>
    46. 47. 2. When delivering a presentation, where should you look? <ul><li>Only at your notes or a teleprompter </li></ul><ul><li>From side to side </li></ul><ul><li>Into the eyes of two or three people </li></ul>
    47. 48. 3. If you present five points to an audience, which are most likely to be remembered? <ul><li>First and last </li></ul><ul><li>First, second and third </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth and fifth </li></ul>
    48. 49. 4. How much do visual aids improve learning? <ul><li>40 percent </li></ul><ul><li>200 percent </li></ul><ul><li>400 percent </li></ul>
    49. 50. 5. The average time one slide should be on the screen is… <ul><li>20 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>40 to 90 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Three minutes </li></ul>
    50. 51. 6. When you project a new slide you should… <ul><li>Read the slide’s contents to the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Stop speaking and let each person read the slide </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase the slide’s content and speak slowly </li></ul>
    51. 52. 7. Limit the number of typefaces in any one presentation to… <ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>
    52. 53. 8. The average attention time span of an audience is… <ul><li>12 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>18 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>26 minutes </li></ul>
    53. 54. 1. Ideally, one slide should contain the maximum of… <ul><li>40 words </li></ul><ul><li>160 words </li></ul><ul><li>80 words </li></ul>