Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
11th Meeting Thematic Group of AESOP Planning and Complexity
Self-organization and spatial planning: in-depth analysis
2nd...
This presentation/article
will try to contribute
a) to increase the knowledge between theory
and practice regarding new co...
Self-organization / City civic movements
• Self-organization, ‘spontaneous
appearence of order or
organization, with ‘glob...
Actor/City civic movements - Concepts
Actor, a set of individuals with a significant number of
common characteristics (int...
City civic movements -Role
• Built a tranformative agenda enviosining social inovation
• Need ability, strength, skill, in...
City civic movements -
Benefits/Potential
• Increased community engagement in a self-
organization source creates many imp...
Participation
in Planning
Framework
i) Stakeholder mobilization right from the beginning in the purpose and general object...
A practical case: drawing on experience
• Several civic initiatives have emerged recently in
the city of Aveiro, Portugal,...
Cases of Aveiro – Research context
• Flyvbjerg (2002) explained the
reasons that led him to produce the
research and to en...
Cases of Aveiro – Research context
• President of the European University
Association (Helena Nazaré, former dean of
the U...
Historical Context
• Tertúlias no Trianon (50’& 60’s)
• Congressos da Oposição Democrática (73)
• Plataforma Cidades (2003...
From formal to informal arenas (virtual
and physical):
• Collective-Blog (3.000 posts; 120.000 visits; 200.000
pagevisits;...
•Added value –
contesting
public policies
City civic movements in Aveiro improving public
participation
• Problem
– The project – Parque da Sustentabilidade (Sustainable
Park) funded by the National Strategic Reference
Framewo...
• Problem
– Although the requalification of its historical garden was
foreseen, the proposal included the design of a new ...
Case #3
Contra a Ponte Pedonal no Canal Central
• Problem
– a pedestrian bridge over the central water channel
aiming to l...
Case #4
Privatization of Parking in Aveiro
• Problem
– Municipality of Aveiro has open a public contest to
privatize parki...
•Added value –
mobilizing
towards a new
future
City civic movements in Aveiro improving public
participation
Case #5
Promoting ‘public space’
• Opportunity
– urban and cultural revived of a main square of the
city centre in the 250...
Case #6
Participative Itinerant Roadmap
• Opportunity
– Even in a ‘conflicting’ context…
– Taking advantage ‘Aveiro Partic...
City civic movements in Aveiro improving public
participation – contesting public policies
Key-findings:
• Issue (debated ...
• Key findings II
– Bring new rationality to debate;
– Challenge the status quo and power relations between
stakeholders;
...
City Civic Movements
key lessons
a) knowledge between theory and practice
regarding new planning methodologies
– New arena...
City Civic Movements
key lessons
b) added value of city civic movements in
local spatial planning policies/practice
– Ther...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 1 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 2 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 3 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 4 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 5 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 6 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 7 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 8 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 9 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 10 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 11 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 12 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 13 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 14 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 15 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 16 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 17 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 18 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 19 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 20 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 21 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 22 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 23 The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal Slide 24
Upcoming SlideShare
Frederico Sá Gil Ribeiro Jorge Carvalho JCM
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

2 Likes

Share

Download to read offline

The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal

Download to read offline

The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies: Discussing the case of Aveiro, Portugal
José Carlos Mota

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies discussing the case of aveiro vfinal

  1. 1. 11th Meeting Thematic Group of AESOP Planning and Complexity Self-organization and spatial planning: in-depth analysis 2nd & 3rd of May 2013 - University of Aveiro The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies: Discussing the case of Aveiro, Portugal José Carlos Mota Department of Social, Political and Territorial Sciences - University of Aveiro jcmota@ua.pt
  2. 2. This presentation/article will try to contribute a) to increase the knowledge between theory and practice regarding new collaborative, tactical and evidence-based planning methodologies (approaches) b) discuss the added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies/practice
  3. 3. Self-organization / City civic movements • Self-organization, ‘spontaneous appearence of order or organization, with ‘global order’ and ‘local action’ and distributed over all components (collective/robusteness)’ (Heylighen, 2001) • city civic ‘self organized’ movements, civic initiatives through networks, based on the local communities, out of governemnt control; help to improve citizen participation.
  4. 4. Actor/City civic movements - Concepts Actor, a set of individuals with a significant number of common characteristics (interests, motivations and means) which plays a role in any given stage, influencing or being influenced by the other actors and may have a joint project (Bryson, 2004; Mitchell et a1., 1997; (Crozier & Friedberg, 1977; Healey, 2011)
  5. 5. City civic movements -Role • Built a tranformative agenda enviosining social inovation • Need ability, strength, skill, intelligence and willingness to build three strategic nexus: time, space and practices (Ferrão, 2011): – Regarding time, ability to combine three different times: • i) the time course of structural changes (the crisis); ii) the slow time of learning processes (people, communities and organizations, the slower the more profound are the changes); iii) the instantaneous time (strength) and ephemeral (weakness) dynamic of civic movements, – Regarding space • i) the need to articulate local concerns with everyday spaces more global (rights and values​​); ii) the risk of confusing the place with localism, or assert themselves as nymbies; – Regarding practices • often a diverse world, fragmented and does not communicate with each other, which does not have a common language (Local Agenda 21, participatory budgeting, local development, civic movements of urban heritage protection), ignoring each other, have a focus, have difficulty in sharing memories, languages ​​and a common project, because they have common historical, have projects, actors, concepts and methodologies different, but the purpose and object are close.
  6. 6. City civic movements - Benefits/Potential • Increased community engagement in a self- organization source creates many important benefits. – it values different kinds of knowledge (scientific, technical and empirical) and their assertive combination regarding common concerns or interests. – it builds a shared understanding, helps the launch of common goals, and favours a collective action context, especially in an experimental basis. – it increases public attention and accountability for decisions concerning the allocation of public resources. • Expanding the opportunities for civic self- organized participation
  7. 7. Participation in Planning Framework i) Stakeholder mobilization right from the beginning in the purpose and general objectives definition; ii) Provide information in a detailed, timely and easy to understand for all involved; iii) Make an effort to pedagogy and integration of different actors views, creating open and transparent stages; iv) Listen to the actors at critical moments, in particular the definition of objectives, theoretical & operative framework and planning instruments and proposals; v) Promote participation as a tool for consensus building and for alignment of actors means and motivations to achieve a collective goal; vi) Support the development of cooperation initiatives in the design of measures and proposals for planning; vii) Promote models of institutional articulation, creating conditions for enabling legal, technical and financial planning tools and subsequent implementation. (Mota, PhD, 2013) Recent research focused on the methodologies for actor participation in spatial planning. The theoretical framework identified seven main principles:
  8. 8. A practical case: drawing on experience • Several civic initiatives have emerged recently in the city of Aveiro, Portugal, where the use of bottom-up and self-organized participation methodologies have emerged counteracting local governments’ decisions in spatial planning (due to controversial options, lack of involvement and fragile technical grounding), deepening civic engagement and creating opportunities for joint reflection and identifying micro-proposals for action.
  9. 9. Cases of Aveiro – Research context • Flyvbjerg (2002) explained the reasons that led him to produce the research and to engage civically: – the planning methods and outcomes of Aalborg municipality were not public and properly justified' as their studies have shown; – motivated intervene to call public's attention to the poor results and to ‘improve the situation’ (by 'improving' he means 'becoming more democratic and effective compliance with the objectives of planning Aalborg ‘; – Its role was to 'be part of power relations' that his studies had made clear;
  10. 10. Cases of Aveiro – Research context • President of the European University Association (Helena Nazaré, former dean of the University of Aveiro) – European universities, in general, can serve as critical thought for the whole society action, independently and nonpartisan. – They can contribute to inform public policy and people in general. – We can not forget that in a democracy are the people who determine the governments, are the people who have a final say in decision making. And people to take a decision must be (well) informed' http://www.ua.pt/uaonline/detail.asp?c=23494
  11. 11. Historical Context • Tertúlias no Trianon (50’& 60’s) • Congressos da Oposição Democrática (73) • Plataforma Cidades (2003- …) Since 2008 • Amigosd’Avenida • Colectivo ‘Praça Melo Freitas’ • Movimento Cívico ‘Queremos conhecer o Estudo que fundamenta o abate das árvores na Avenida’ • Movimento ‘Contra o Alboi cortado ao meio’ • Movimento Cívico ‘Contra a Ponte Pedonal’ • Colectivo de Cidadãos ‘Reflexão sobre Estacionamento em Aveiro’ City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation
  12. 12. From formal to informal arenas (virtual and physical): • Collective-Blog (3.000 posts; 120.000 visits; 200.000 pagevisits; 5 years) • Mailing-list (350 members; 1.000 messages; 4 years activity) • Facebook Group ‘Aveiro 2020’ (more than 900 members; 2 years activity) Emerged eight relevant civic initiatives (250 anos; Avenida, Praça Melo Freitas, Árvores Avenida, PdS, Alboi, Ponte Pedonal, Estacionamento) Different civic movements (neighbourhood, identity, mobility) involving more than 6.000 people; No institutionalization; No agenda; Just talk, share , produce public opinion and try to improve better public decisions regarding the future of the city! City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation
  13. 13. •Added value – contesting public policies City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation
  14. 14. • Problem – The project – Parque da Sustentabilidade (Sustainable Park) funded by the National Strategic Reference Framework (2007-2013) – aims at establishing a greenway crossing on a significant part of the city centre; even though legislation foresees public discussion for this type of projects, citizens were essentially informed through the Press. • Civic answer – An informal city civic movement collected 400 signatures to promote a public municipal assembly; – A document with concerns was produced and presented to members of local assembly; – The Municipal Executive had to present the several projects for the first time (but no public debate); • Results: – Alboi Neighbourhood Civic Movement created and boosted – Civic movement against Ponte Pedonal created – Latter Univ. / ONG / Architects contested some of the projects Case #1 Parque da Sustentabilidade
  15. 15. • Problem – Although the requalification of its historical garden was foreseen, the proposal included the design of a new road that would split the garden in two units; potential harmful consequences (recreational activities; road traffic; the daily lives of residents); Municipality didn’t answer to neighbourhood concerns; • Civic answer – Neighbourhood informal Association; other City Civic Movements involved – a blog and a Facebook page (2 500 friends) – Initiatives protest (a poster was disseminated throughout the community) – the film director and musician Joaquim Pavão presented a short-film with a huge impact on the Internet, radio and national TV. – A plan B was proposed and presented to mayor; • Results – in October 2011 the local government, facing a sensitive political context changed the initial proposal. Case #2 Contra o Alboi Cortado ao Meio
  16. 16. Case #3 Contra a Ponte Pedonal no Canal Central • Problem – a pedestrian bridge over the central water channel aiming to link the central park Rossio with Alboi neighbourhood and related facilities, like restaurants and bars (integrated in previos PdS); – Critics: location; visual impact; risk of gentrification; lack of global planning ; respect of Urban Plan; • Civic answer – new civic movement (40 citizens) working for 2 months mobilized more than 3.500 signitures and organized 4 public meetings (more than 500 people); issue in the national media agenda; – Was produced Technical & Juridical documment; Appeal concerning the nature fo the investment in times of difficulties and finnantial crisis; Sent to National Government, Regional Auhtorities, Courts; • Results – Mayor decided to stop the process to create wider consensus; but, the project was too expensive…
  17. 17. Case #4 Privatization of Parking in Aveiro • Problem – Municipality of Aveiro has open a public contest to privatize parking at surface (for 60 years) and to build 4 underground parking parks in the city centre; – The proposal has no technical support and it’s against a major project of main avenue regeneration; • Civic answer – 100 citizens asked for a public debate – Promoted a public debate with a expert in mobility; – Invited mayor , political parties and mobility consultants – Produced a technical document with major arguments; • Results – One of the municipality consultants (lecturer at the University of Aveiro) wrote a public letter to contest the project – The members of different political parties voted a proposal to recommend the end of the process; – In the political discussion the technical arguments from the public discussion where ignore;
  18. 18. •Added value – mobilizing towards a new future City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation
  19. 19. Case #5 Promoting ‘public space’ • Opportunity – urban and cultural revived of a main square of the city centre in the 250th anniversary of the city of Aveiro; • Civic answer – informal self-organization (small group of citizens, random formation, no previous connections,…) involved cultural stakeholder to promote a program Saturday evening live events in public space • Results – launched a manifesto with key issues for developing public spaces with quality (Manifesto pelo Espaço Público); – a local film society (Cine-clube de Avanca) promoted a cinematographic activity called Aqui/Here (http://www.aqui-here.com/), with 10 short-films about 10 different public spaces located in 10 cities around the world.
  20. 20. Case #6 Participative Itinerant Roadmap • Opportunity – Even in a ‘conflicting’ context… – Taking advantage ‘Aveiro Participative Budget ‘ a group of citizens from several civic movements submited a proposal - a Participative Itinerant Roadmap, that was selected in a public voting in a group of 23 projects. • Civic answer – Encourage the involvement of citizens and local actors in joint reflection on the future of their neighborhood, parish and county and identifying micro-proposals for action (low-cost, high impact). – Work with municipality (excellent work with municipal technicians – education & Participative Budget Division) • Results – Mayor decided to privatize parking in the city without any public debate (‘what about consensus’?); – Civic movement decided to stop with the proposal (for now);
  21. 21. City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation – contesting public policies Key-findings: • Issue (debated in mailing-list /Facebook group); • Group emerge and structure the agenda of debate; • Gathering information and produce collaboratively a small report (and publicize it) • Organize public debate • Slideshare (all documents & presentations) • Send to municipality, institutions, media and citizens Only in contesting contexts?
  22. 22. • Key findings II – Bring new rationality to debate; – Challenge the status quo and power relations between stakeholders; – Enforce powerless (citizens and neighbourhoods civic associations) – Improve a culture of public debate – Better decisions for the city and citizens – Mobilize hidden-resources to new public policies and different way to think about the future of the city City civic movements in Aveiro improving public participation – contesting public policies
  23. 23. City Civic Movements key lessons a) knowledge between theory and practice regarding new planning methodologies – New arenas (collaboration platforms) to pro-actively articulate with communities (change their behaviour from passive consumers to active users/producers); – New roles/actors to intermediate Governments/Local Communities; – Clear and assertive agendas for the future (not fragmented projects or ideas);
  24. 24. City Civic Movements key lessons b) added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies/practice – There is no tradition in promoting public participation outside the common arenas; – Play the game (present arguments, create arenas for debate, questions actors involved, ask for alternatives); – Mobilize people to participate – from reactive (present) to proactive (future); – Civic actors do get involved in such processes when they have more access to information, notice that there is a common share of ideas amongst the community and that their voices can be heard;
  • zemota

    May. 8, 2013
  • FernandoMartins56

    May. 8, 2013

The added value of city civic movements in local spatial planning policies: Discussing the case of Aveiro, Portugal José Carlos Mota

Views

Total views

2,873

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

1,266

Actions

Downloads

11

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

2

×