A new relevant relationship between communities and local authorities through a creative use of technology
PERIPHÈRIA FINAL CONFERENCEHuman Smart Cities: from Vision to PracticeRome, 29-30 May 2013(in conjunction with Forum PA 2013)Co-creation for Smart SolutionsNEW MODELS FOR DIGITALCREATIVITYA new relevant relationshipbetween communities and localauthorities through a creative useof technologyJosé Carlos Mota, Univ. Aveirojcmota@ua.ptjosecarlosbmotajosecarlosmota josecarlosmota.avpt.linkedin.com/in/josecarlosmota
1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESCIVIC INITIATIVES THROUGH NETWORKSDIFFICULTIES AND TENSIONSPOWER AND DECISION MAKING PROCESS (CENTRALIZED, BUROCRATIC, TOP-DOWN)RELATION WITH COMMUNITIES (DEMOCRATIC DÉFICIT, LACK OF TRANSPARENCE , NOACCOUNTABILITY, CONTROL AND DEPENDENCY)EMERGENCE OF CITY CIVIC ‘SELF ORGANIZED’ MOVEMENTSHELP TO IMPROVE CITIZEN PARTICIPATIONBASED ON THE LOCAL COMMUNITIESOUT OF GOVERNEMENT CONTROLTHINK & ACT (NOT ONLY (RE)ACT)AMIGOSD’AVENIDA, AVEIRO
although with similar purpose and concern, they have diverse and fragmented practices, without acommon language (environment, participatory budgeting, local development, heritage protection),ignoring each other, difficulty in sharing ideas.1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESDIFFICULTIES AND TENSIONSCITY CIVIC ‘SELF ORGANIZED’ MOVEMENTSABILITY, STRENGTH, SKILL, INTELLIGENCE AND WILLINGNESS TO BUILD THREE STRATEGIC NEXUSFERRÃO (2011)combine the time course of structural changes (the crisis), the slow time of learning processes(people, communities and organizations, the slower the more profound are the changes) and theinstantaneous time (strength) and ephemeral (weakness) dynamic of civic movements.TIME, SPACE AND PRACTICESTIMEPRACTICESSPACEarticulate local concerns with everyday spaces more global (rights and values), the risk of confusingthe place with localism, or assert themselves as NYMBIES.
increases public attention andaccountability for decisions concerning theallocation of public resources.1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESNEW CHALLENGES/POTENTIALSINCREASED COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN A SELF-ORGANIZATION SOURCE CREATES BENEFITSvalues different kinds of knowledge andtheir assertive combination regardingcommon concerns or interestsbuilds a shared understanding, helps thelaunch of common goals, and favours acollective action context, especially in anexperimental basis.WHAT’S YOUR UTOPIA?
Produce institutional articulation; create conditions for enabling legal, technical and financial tools andimplementation1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESNEW CHALLENGES/POTENTIALSNEED TO EXPAND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CIVIC SELF-ORGANIZED PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKINGSEVEN IDEASMobilize stakeholder right from the beginning in the purpose and general objectives definitionProvide information in a detailed, timely and easy to understand for all involvedMake an pedagogic effort to integrate different views, creating open and transparent stagesListen to the actors at critical moments (objectives, theoretical & operative framework and proposals)Promote a consensus building and for alignment of actors means and motivationsSupport the development of cooperation initiatives in the design of measures and proposals for planning
1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCAL AUTHORITIESNEW CHALLENGES/POTENTIALSCO-CREATION, CO-FUNDING AND CO-IMPLEMENTATIONidentify low-cost andhigh-value community-led initiatives thataddress concreteproblems and developlocal potentials inrelevant fields.efforts by localcommunities andsocial andeconomic actorsin the search forcreative solutionsto develop localeconomiesactions should belocally based, quickto implement anddirected to thepublic.RISE OF CITIZEN-FUNDED URBAN PROJECTSLOW-COST & HIGH-VALUE URBAN INITIATIVESINVOLVING COMMUNITIES
2. ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN THERELATION BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESTRADITIONAL ROLEnotion of ‘egovernment’ a major focus within EU main strategicguidelinesresearch and practice focused on eServices, eAdministration ,eDemocracy ana eParticipationconsidered as a silo, a separate approach to existingorganisations and processes
2. ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN THERELATION BETWEENCOMMUNITIES AND LOCALAUTHORITIESICT is not the main cause of wider government changes, but itcan be a key enabler and driverparticipation (with the “e”) is a one-piece of a government’sbroader policy of openness, transparency and collaboration‘NEW’ ROLESOCIAL MEDIA are creating a way of participation that allow usersto be(but also) active contributors and designers in their ownright can act as drivers for collective engagement(not only) passive consumers of content and services
3. A NEW RELEVANTRELATIONSHIP ‘THROUGH’TECHNOLOGYKEY QUESTIONSBOTTOM-UP, EASY TO USE, ENGAGED PROCESS LINKING LOCAL AUTHORITIES AND COMMUNITIESAND TO PRODUCE A MORE DEMOCRATIC AND PLURALISTIC DECISION MAKING PROCESSCREATIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGYTO DO SO WE NEEDARENAS – DIALOGUE ABOUT COLLECTIVE CONCERNS (VIRTUAL AND FACE-2-FACE); FLOW OF IDEASFACILITATORS – MEDIATE DIALOGUES (COMMUNITIES , LOCAL AUTHORITIES) AND ALIGN MOTIVATIONSBUILT AND SHARE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT COLLECTIVE CAUSES (CO-PRODUCE, MAP, AVAILABLE)SPREAD THE WORD (CONNECT OUTSIDE AND INSIDE (LURK – PASSIVE PARTICIPANTS))A LACK OF DIGITAL SKILLS AND EDUCATION CAN BE A CONSTRAINT (ESPECIALLY AMONGST ELDERLY PEOPLE)NEVERTHELESS
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTIONjcmota@ua.pttwitter.com/josecarlosbmotawww.facebook.com/josecarlosmotawww.facebook.com/josecarlosmota.avpt.linkedin.com/in/josecarlosmotaJOSÉ CARLOS MOTA, UNIVERSITY OF AVEIROwww.globalcitynetwork.org/NETWORK OF CITY CIVIC MOVEMENTS