UNI Ed Tech Master’sCohort Begins Againthis Summer!       Earn your Degree in 2 years                  through UNI’s natio...
 2 year hands-on program Delivered over the ICN Develop your expertise in using  educational technology Create your ow...
Courses Include:   Media Planning and Production   Instructional Development   Technology in Education   Coordinating ...
For More Information:    Contact the UNI  Continuing Education         Office    800-772-1746http://ci.coe.uni.edu/edtech
Keyboarding Cornucopia:   Successful Strategies for    Teaching Keyboarding           Leigh Zeitzhttp://www.keyboardingres...
Keyboarding is . . . a set of cumulative psychomotor skills involving the touch method of input to a keyboard.
It’s More than that . . .Keyboarding is agateway to usinga computerefficiently andeffectively.
Plan for Today Review Keyboarding Issues When keyboarding should be taught How keyboarding should be taught Playground...
Facts85% of elementary classrooms have                               computers.77% elementary schools have computer labs24...
FactsISTE NETS  Grades 3 - 5  Use keyboards . . . Efficiently and effectivelyAt least 4 states require keyboarding at the ...
Side BenefitsBuilds Enthusiasm for Writing                Texas GuidelinesImprove Spelling (3rd/4th grade)                ...
Grade Level? 3rd grade   – Bartholme, 1996; Instructional Resource of Curr/Instr     Div of Saskatchewan Education, 1991;...
Issues Manual Dexterity Cognitive Development Attention Span Reading Ability Curriculum Placement
Manual Dexterity Size   – Need to be able to reach the keys                     (Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992)   – You...
Little Fingers Keyboards 10.5” x 4”                  9” x 3”                             20% smaller DataDesk Technologie...
Manual Dexterity Agility  – Move fingers    independently  – Problems with    middle & ring fingers  – How many of your  ...
Portable Word Processors Personal writing processor On-board keyboard instruction 116 preprogrammed lessons    – Techni...
Portable Word Processors   Personal writing processor   KeyWords applets   Prints reports   Enrolls up to 8 students ...
Attention Span Not a factor in developing small movement  skills (Wronkovich, 1998) Attention span increases as students...
Reading Ability Typing is more than pressing buttons. Grouping letters into words. Reading creates a reason to type.
Curriculum Keyboarding needs to support curriculum Teach keyboarding 1 year before . . .  – use keyboarding  – computer ...
How Fast is Enough? Upper elementary students write at  – 11 wpm Should be able to type faster than write Enter informa...
How long is the lesson? Students typically receive < 10 hours   – Sormunen, 1991 50 hours over 3 elementary years   – Bo...
Hunt-Peck vs. Touch Typing Familiarity important at young ages Build familiarity through  – 5-minute practice sessions  ...
BUT Familiarity CAN     Spawn Hunt-&-Peck Relies too much on visual feedback Too much attention to fingers Builds bad h...
Familiarity w/o a KeyboardPlayground Keyboarding
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Experiment Layout  – Two third grade classes     • One with playground ke...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Build familiarity with keyboarding  – Develop habits of:     • Good postu...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Crucial first week  – Lay foundation for safe and proper    keyboarding  ...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Posture   – Connected good keyboarding posture to     good batting stance...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Key familiarity  – Air Typing (2 minutes each class)     • Used to introd...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Textbook exercises   – Practice   – Review   – Assess     • 60 seconds   ...
Playground Keyboarding - Inthe Computer Lab Reinforcement  – 10% instruction, 90%    reinforcement (Keyboard    Instructo...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab No Peeky Towel  – Forced them to not    look at keys  – Helped develop   ...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Scheduling  – Shoot for four or five days a week                 (Keyboar...
Playground Keyboarding -    In the Computer Lab Results!   – Mixed Control Group   – Increased 1.5 wpm from beginning E...
Playground Keyboarding -       In Physical EducationLori Smith
Playground Keyboarding -In the ClassroomAricia Beckman - PLS - 4th Grade               Keyboardinstructor.com
Happy KeyboardingKeyboarding Research   and Resources  http://www.keyboardingreseach.org
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Elem keyboarding

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Review of research on keyboarding in the classroom. This is from a presentation in 2005.

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Elem keyboarding

  1. 1. UNI Ed Tech Master’sCohort Begins Againthis Summer! Earn your Degree in 2 years through UNI’s nationally-recognized Educational Technology program
  2. 2.  2 year hands-on program Delivered over the ICN Develop your expertise in using educational technology Create your own professional electronic portfolio Aligned with Iowa Teaching Standards Design and implement action research Join the Ed Tech Leaders of Iowa
  3. 3. Courses Include: Media Planning and Production Instructional Development Technology in Education Coordinating Technology Selection & Integration of Materials Using Databases in Education* Distance Education* Educational Digital Imaging* Principles of Publication Design* Instructional Computing Design*
  4. 4. For More Information: Contact the UNI Continuing Education Office 800-772-1746http://ci.coe.uni.edu/edtech
  5. 5. Keyboarding Cornucopia: Successful Strategies for Teaching Keyboarding Leigh Zeitzhttp://www.keyboardingresearch.org
  6. 6. Keyboarding is . . . a set of cumulative psychomotor skills involving the touch method of input to a keyboard.
  7. 7. It’s More than that . . .Keyboarding is agateway to usinga computerefficiently andeffectively.
  8. 8. Plan for Today Review Keyboarding Issues When keyboarding should be taught How keyboarding should be taught Playground Keyboarding Program – In the Computer Lab – In Physical Education – In the Classroom
  9. 9. Facts85% of elementary classrooms have computers.77% elementary schools have computer labs24% of 6 - 11 year olds have home computers.
  10. 10. FactsISTE NETS Grades 3 - 5 Use keyboards . . . Efficiently and effectivelyAt least 4 states require keyboarding at the 5th grade (TX, NY, VA, MN)
  11. 11. Side BenefitsBuilds Enthusiasm for Writing Texas GuidelinesImprove Spelling (3rd/4th grade) Hoot, 1986Improved reading and vocabulary Hoot, 1986, Wronkovich, 1998
  12. 12. Grade Level? 3rd grade – Bartholme, 1996; Instructional Resource of Curr/Instr Div of Saskatchewan Education, 1991; Pisha, 1993; Starr, 2001 4th grade – Erthal (1998); Hopkins (1998) 5th grade – MacIntyre, 1990; Wronkovich, 1998 Not in Elementary – Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992
  13. 13. Issues Manual Dexterity Cognitive Development Attention Span Reading Ability Curriculum Placement
  14. 14. Manual Dexterity Size – Need to be able to reach the keys (Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992) – Younger students spend more time on spelling than correct finger placement. (Kahn and Freyd, 1990) – Typical keyboard is 11” x 5”.Don’t wait until your students get bigger, Get smaller keyboards.
  15. 15. Little Fingers Keyboards 10.5” x 4” 9” x 3” 20% smaller DataDesk Technologies http://www.data-desk.com $50 - 70
  16. 16. Manual Dexterity Agility – Move fingers independently – Problems with middle & ring fingers – How many of your students play the piano?
  17. 17. Portable Word Processors Personal writing processor On-board keyboard instruction 116 preprogrammed lessons – Technique Builder Homerow Individualizes progress reports Spell check/thesaurus http://www.keyboardinstructor.com $189
  18. 18. Portable Word Processors Personal writing processor KeyWords applets Prints reports Enrolls up to 8 students http://www.alphasmart.com $199
  19. 19. Attention Span Not a factor in developing small movement skills (Wronkovich, 1998) Attention span increases as students become more proficient. (Kaake, 1983)
  20. 20. Reading Ability Typing is more than pressing buttons. Grouping letters into words. Reading creates a reason to type.
  21. 21. Curriculum Keyboarding needs to support curriculum Teach keyboarding 1 year before . . . – use keyboarding – computer applications (Texas Guidelines) Where in the curriculum? – Teach independently (Bartholome, 1996) – Integrate as communication (Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992)
  22. 22. How Fast is Enough? Upper elementary students write at – 11 wpm Should be able to type faster than write Enter information into a dynamic writing environment Allow for editing and revising
  23. 23. How long is the lesson? Students typically receive < 10 hours – Sormunen, 1991 50 hours over 3 elementary years – Boone (ND) 35 minutes/day for 4 weeks – Robinson (1991) Review periodically – 15 hours/year – Robinson (1992) Once taught – Use, reinforce, and refine – Texas Guidelines, 1987; Adams, 1984; Wronkovich, 1998)
  24. 24. Hunt-Peck vs. Touch Typing Familiarity important at young ages Build familiarity through – 5-minute practice sessions (Kahn & Freyd, 1990) – Use typing for writing (Kahn & Freyd, 1990) – Playground Keyboarding (Zeitz, 2003)
  25. 25. BUT Familiarity CAN Spawn Hunt-&-Peck Relies too much on visual feedback Too much attention to fingers Builds bad habits Can you teach familiarity w/o a keyboard?
  26. 26. Familiarity w/o a KeyboardPlayground Keyboarding
  27. 27. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Experiment Layout – Two third grade classes • One with playground keyboarding (experimental) • One without playground keyboarding (control) • Identical computer lab instruction • Connection between kinesthetic learning and keyboarding achievement
  28. 28. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Build familiarity with keyboarding – Develop habits of: • Good posture • Keyboarding technique • Make keyboarding a reflexive response • Speed and accuracy will follow
  29. 29. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Crucial first week – Lay foundation for safe and proper keyboarding • Learn correct posture • Hand shape • Homerow orientation • Finger technique
  30. 30. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Posture – Connected good keyboarding posture to good batting stance – PowerPoint (link) Ready, set, go! – Made it fun
  31. 31. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Key familiarity – Air Typing (2 minutes each class) • Used to introduce new keys • Looky Lou Keyboard
  32. 32. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Textbook exercises – Practice – Review – Assess • 60 seconds • Recorded on progress report
  33. 33. Playground Keyboarding - Inthe Computer Lab Reinforcement – 10% instruction, 90% reinforcement (Keyboard Instructor manual) – N.O.P.E.C.K Bucks • Good posture, etc. • No peeking – No Peeky Towel
  34. 34. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab No Peeky Towel – Forced them to not look at keys – Helped develop memory – Eliminated visual cues
  35. 35. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Scheduling – Shoot for four or five days a week (Keyboard Instructor manual) – We were able to do 2 days a week • 20 minutes each day • Not enough time
  36. 36. Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Results! – Mixed Control Group – Increased 1.5 wpm from beginning Experimental Group – Increased 1.8 wpm from beginning
  37. 37. Playground Keyboarding - In Physical EducationLori Smith
  38. 38. Playground Keyboarding -In the ClassroomAricia Beckman - PLS - 4th Grade Keyboardinstructor.com
  39. 39. Happy KeyboardingKeyboarding Research and Resources http://www.keyboardingreseach.org

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