UNI Ed Tech Master’sCohort Begins Againthis Summer! Earn your Degree in 2 years through UNI’s nationally-recognized Educational Technology program
2 year hands-on program Delivered over the ICN Develop your expertise in using educational technology Create your own professional electronic portfolio Aligned with Iowa Teaching Standards Design and implement action research Join the Ed Tech Leaders of Iowa
Courses Include: Media Planning and Production Instructional Development Technology in Education Coordinating Technology Selection & Integration of Materials Using Databases in Education* Distance Education* Educational Digital Imaging* Principles of Publication Design* Instructional Computing Design*
For More Information: Contact the UNI Continuing Education Office 800-772-1746http://ci.coe.uni.edu/edtech
Keyboarding Cornucopia: Successful Strategies for Teaching Keyboarding Leigh Zeitzhttp://www.keyboardingresearch.org
Keyboarding is . . . a set of cumulative psychomotor skills involving the touch method of input to a keyboard.
It’s More than that . . .Keyboarding is agateway to usinga computerefficiently andeffectively.
Plan for Today Review Keyboarding Issues When keyboarding should be taught How keyboarding should be taught Playground Keyboarding Program – In the Computer Lab – In Physical Education – In the Classroom
Facts85% of elementary classrooms have computers.77% elementary schools have computer labs24% of 6 - 11 year olds have home computers.
FactsISTE NETS Grades 3 - 5 Use keyboards . . . Efficiently and effectivelyAt least 4 states require keyboarding at the 5th grade (TX, NY, VA, MN)
Side BenefitsBuilds Enthusiasm for Writing Texas GuidelinesImprove Spelling (3rd/4th grade) Hoot, 1986Improved reading and vocabulary Hoot, 1986, Wronkovich, 1998
Grade Level? 3rd grade – Bartholme, 1996; Instructional Resource of Curr/Instr Div of Saskatchewan Education, 1991; Pisha, 1993; Starr, 2001 4th grade – Erthal (1998); Hopkins (1998) 5th grade – MacIntyre, 1990; Wronkovich, 1998 Not in Elementary – Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992
Manual Dexterity Size – Need to be able to reach the keys (Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992) – Younger students spend more time on spelling than correct finger placement. (Kahn and Freyd, 1990) – Typical keyboard is 11” x 5”.Don’t wait until your students get bigger, Get smaller keyboards.
Little Fingers Keyboards 10.5” x 4” 9” x 3” 20% smaller DataDesk Technologies http://www.data-desk.com $50 - 70
Manual Dexterity Agility – Move fingers independently – Problems with middle & ring fingers – How many of your students play the piano?
Portable Word Processors Personal writing processor KeyWords applets Prints reports Enrolls up to 8 students http://www.alphasmart.com $199
Attention Span Not a factor in developing small movement skills (Wronkovich, 1998) Attention span increases as students become more proficient. (Kaake, 1983)
Reading Ability Typing is more than pressing buttons. Grouping letters into words. Reading creates a reason to type.
Curriculum Keyboarding needs to support curriculum Teach keyboarding 1 year before . . . – use keyboarding – computer applications (Texas Guidelines) Where in the curriculum? – Teach independently (Bartholome, 1996) – Integrate as communication (Waner, Behymer, & McCrary, 1992)
How Fast is Enough? Upper elementary students write at – 11 wpm Should be able to type faster than write Enter information into a dynamic writing environment Allow for editing and revising
How long is the lesson? Students typically receive < 10 hours – Sormunen, 1991 50 hours over 3 elementary years – Boone (ND) 35 minutes/day for 4 weeks – Robinson (1991) Review periodically – 15 hours/year – Robinson (1992) Once taught – Use, reinforce, and refine – Texas Guidelines, 1987; Adams, 1984; Wronkovich, 1998)
Hunt-Peck vs. Touch Typing Familiarity important at young ages Build familiarity through – 5-minute practice sessions (Kahn & Freyd, 1990) – Use typing for writing (Kahn & Freyd, 1990) – Playground Keyboarding (Zeitz, 2003)
BUT Familiarity CAN Spawn Hunt-&-Peck Relies too much on visual feedback Too much attention to fingers Builds bad habits Can you teach familiarity w/o a keyboard?
Familiarity w/o a KeyboardPlayground Keyboarding
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Experiment Layout – Two third grade classes • One with playground keyboarding (experimental) • One without playground keyboarding (control) • Identical computer lab instruction • Connection between kinesthetic learning and keyboarding achievement
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Build familiarity with keyboarding – Develop habits of: • Good posture • Keyboarding technique • Make keyboarding a reflexive response • Speed and accuracy will follow
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Crucial first week – Lay foundation for safe and proper keyboarding • Learn correct posture • Hand shape • Homerow orientation • Finger technique
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Posture – Connected good keyboarding posture to good batting stance – PowerPoint (link) Ready, set, go! – Made it fun
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Key familiarity – Air Typing (2 minutes each class) • Used to introduce new keys • Looky Lou Keyboard
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Textbook exercises – Practice – Review – Assess • 60 seconds • Recorded on progress report
Playground Keyboarding - Inthe Computer Lab Reinforcement – 10% instruction, 90% reinforcement (Keyboard Instructor manual) – N.O.P.E.C.K Bucks • Good posture, etc. • No peeking – No Peeky Towel
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab No Peeky Towel – Forced them to not look at keys – Helped develop memory – Eliminated visual cues
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Scheduling – Shoot for four or five days a week (Keyboard Instructor manual) – We were able to do 2 days a week • 20 minutes each day • Not enough time
Playground Keyboarding - In the Computer Lab Results! – Mixed Control Group – Increased 1.5 wpm from beginning Experimental Group – Increased 1.8 wpm from beginning
Playground Keyboarding - In Physical EducationLori Smith