Body Language


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Body Language

  2. 2. What is Body Language? <ul><li>Body Language is the communication of personal feelings, emotions , attitudes, thoughts through body movements -gestures, postures , facial expressions, walking styles, positions & distance - either consciously or involuntarily i.e. its not only your tongue you communicate with but also you speak with your body movements & gestures. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Main Aspects of Body Language <ul><li>Gestures: A gesture is the verbal or non-verbal body movement used to express or emphasize an idea , an emotion or a state of mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Body Movements: This includes the head, eyes, eyebrows , lips , neck , shoulders, fingers and so on. One can distinguish four main kinds of gesticulation: Emblem, illustrators, regular and self-touching. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Behaviour : This refers quite simply , to everything we do which is overt or observable. It is important because it is observable to others. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions : Refers to states such as happiness, depression & anxiety & milder moods such as feeling of pleasure & displeasure , degrees of excitement or drowsiness etc. A ‘Emotional cue’ is a facial expression, body movement or tone of voice indicative of emotion. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE FACE <ul><li>The face is the most significant and the most photographed- part of human body . The flashes of facial signals are generally spontaneous reactions which a person finds difficult to hide. </li></ul>
  6. 6. General Characteristics <ul><li>Expressions: Facial expressions are highly flexible & changeable. The face can encode a variety of communicative & informative messages. </li></ul><ul><li>Raise of eyebrows express astonishment. </li></ul><ul><li>We frown in displeasure or confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Envy or disbelief may be displayed by a raised eyebrow. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Emotions: The face is the most reliable indicator of a wide range of emotions : Joy & happiness , fear , annoyance, surprise, anger, sadness etc. </li></ul><ul><li>When we are shocked we open our mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Blushing is another facial phenomenon that expresses emotion. A shy person becomes red in face when attention is focussed on him. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Laughter: Laughter is composed of a broad range of gesture & sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Ha-Ha’ is a genuine laughter. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ He-He’ is a mocking laughter. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Hee-Hee’ suggests a secret giggle. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Ho-Ho’ communicates surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling: smiling & frowning are two major facial expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>A genuine smile means ‘I appreciate you’; ‘I accept your ideas’. </li></ul><ul><li>A frown means ‘I find you puzzling’. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Head Gestures <ul><li>The Head Nod : A nod depicts a positive signal & a ‘head- shake’ signifies ‘no’ or a negative gesture. </li></ul><ul><li>Head nods show continuing attention , it also depicts what is happening to us emotionally. Heads tilt is a signal of interest. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Eyebrows: </li></ul><ul><li>People lower or knit their eyebrows when they show disagreement or displeasure. </li></ul><ul><li>Frown when in displeasure. </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth : </li></ul><ul><li>When ‘raised’ , the mouth communicates positive feelings , happiness , optimism. </li></ul><ul><li>If kept ‘straight’ to conceal emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Turned down’ to express sadness, confusion , dissatisfaction. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Lips: When one does not utter a word lips can be eloquent because silent lips express a wide range of emotions from smile to frown. </li></ul><ul><li>Throat: when the Adam’s applejump unconsciously signals anxiety, embarrassment or stress. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Eyes <ul><li>The eyes can be steely, knowing, mocking, piercing, shifty. They can level a burning glance, or a cold glance or a hurt glance or again can be wise , knowing , inviting , scary , disinterested and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils dilate when a person is interested. </li></ul><ul><li>We gaze in order to perceive the expressions of others. </li></ul><ul><li>We look straight in the eye to get attention. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ways of Looking: </li></ul><ul><li>Side long glance is referred to as stolen look. </li></ul><ul><li>Blank stare depicts boredom. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparkling eyes are an attribute of those who have ‘magnetic personalities’. </li></ul><ul><li>Glasses: </li></ul><ul><li>Peering over glass depicts being judgmental or critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Dark glasses are worn by those who conceal their genuine feelings. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE HANDS <ul><li>The Human hand is a restless organ </li></ul><ul><li>Limp hands show boredom. </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous or jittery person shows restless hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Clenched hands often shows frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>Clapping of hands shows applause. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>When the arms are crossed they form a ‘barrier’ to an impending threat. </li></ul><ul><li>Arms folded with finger tucked in armpits & thumbs sticking out: this is when subordinate faces his superior whom he considers equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Arms behind the back is resorted by those who is experiencing an inner conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Neck stroking signals suspicion. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Putting objects in mouth is when they are busy with something. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinching the bridges of nose indicates a person in deep thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Nose rub is a sign of rejection. </li></ul><ul><li>Chin stroking is when people are in deep reflection. </li></ul><ul><li>Slapping the head signifies self punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Hands behind the head is used by professionals who are confident & dominant. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Styles Of Handshake <ul><li>Palm down thrust : signifies dominance or aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>Palm up position shows submission by the giver. </li></ul><ul><li>Glove Handshake: ‘Politician Handshake’, this is with people one is familiar with. </li></ul>
  18. 18. THE LEGS <ul><li>Crossed legs signify negativity. </li></ul><ul><li>The foot lock is especially among shy & timid women. </li></ul><ul><li>The ankle lock signifies ‘holding back’ of strong feelings , attitudes & emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting on edge of chair indicates compromise, accept or agree or conclude. </li></ul><ul><li>Rocking or swinging in chair indicates a person is in full control of situation. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Walking Gestures <ul><li>Arms swinging. </li></ul><ul><li>Hands in pockets. </li></ul><ul><li>Hands on hips. </li></ul><ul><li>Meditative walk. </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence walk. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership walk. </li></ul><ul><li>Pacing. </li></ul><ul><li>Swagger. </li></ul>
  20. 20. When _____ people enter an elevator, they each... <ul><li>1.One or two </li></ul><ul><li>...lean against the walls of the elevator. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Three or four </li></ul><ul><li>...occupy a corner. </li></ul><ul><li>3.five or six </li></ul><ul><li>...all turn to face the door.  </li></ul><ul><li>...get taller and thinner.  </li></ul><ul><li>...hands and purses and briefcases hang </li></ul><ul><li>down in front of the body, or &quot;fig leaf position.&quot;  </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>...must not touch each other in any way unless the elevator is crowded, and then only at the shoulder or lightly against the upper arm.  </li></ul><ul><li>...have a tendency to look upward at the illuminated floor indicator.  </li></ul>Thank You!!